97 relations: Adalimumab, Adult-onset Still's disease, Analgesic, Ankylosing spondylitis, Anti-nuclear antibody, Anti–citrullinated protein antibody, Arthritis, Arthrocentesis, Arthrodesis, Autoimmune disease, Autoimmunity, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, Behçet's disease, Biopharmaceutical, Blood test, Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease, Clinic, Clinical chemistry, Cytopathology, Dermatomyositis, Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug, Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine, Ehlers–Danlos syndromes, Enteropathic arthropathy, Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Etanercept, Fibromyalgia, Giant-cell arteritis, Golfer's elbow, Gout, Granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Heinola, Henoch–Schönlein purpura, Hospital, Human back, Human musculoskeletal system, Immune system, Immunology, Infliximab, Interleukin, Internal medicine, JAK-STAT signaling pathway, Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Kawasaki disease, Low back pain, Medical diagnosis, Medical laboratory, Medicine, ..., Methotrexate, Microscopic polyangiitis, Mixed connective tissue disease, Monoclonal antibody, Myofascial pain syndrome, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Occupational therapy, Olecranon bursitis, Orthopedic surgery, Osteoarthritis, Osteoimmunology, Osteoporosis, Periodic fever syndrome, Physical therapy, Physician, Polyarteritis nodosa, Polymyalgia rheumatica, Polymyositis, Psoriatic arthritis, Reactive arthritis, Relapsing polychondritis, Rheumatism, Rheumatoid arthritis, Rheumatoid factor, Rituximab, Sarcoidosis, Schober's test, Scleroderma, Septic arthritis, Serum sickness, Sjögren syndrome, Soft tissue, Specialty (medicine), Spondyloarthropathy, Steroid, Synovectomy, Synovial fluid, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Takayasu's arteritis, Tendinitis, Tennis elbow, Therapy, Thromboangiitis obliterans, Tumor necrosis factor alpha, Ultrasound, Vasculitis, X-ray. Expand index (47 more) » « Shrink index
Adalimumab, sold under the trade name Humira among others, is a medication used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, chronic psoriasis, hidradenitis suppurativa, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a form of Still's disease, a rare systemic autoinflammatory disease characterized by the classic triad of persistent high spiking fevers, joint pain, and a distinctive salmon-colored bumpy rash.
An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain.
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of arthritis in which there is long term inflammation of the joints of the spine.
Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs, also known as antinuclear factor or ANF) are autoantibodies that bind to contents of the cell nucleus.
Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) are autoantibodies (antibodies to an individual’s own proteins) that are directed against peptides and proteins that are citrullinated.
Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints.
Arthrocentesis (arthros, a joint + kentēsis, puncture) is the clinical procedure of using a syringe to collect synovial fluid from a joint capsule.
Arthrodesis, also known as artificial ankylosis or syndesis, is the artificial induction of joint ossification between two bones by surgery.
An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response to a normal body part.
Autoimmunity is the system of immune responses of an organism against its own healthy cells and tissues.
Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, or in '''Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae'''. (abbreviated in many ways, e.g. MBBS, MB ChB, MB BCh, MB BChir (Cantab), BM BCh (Oxon), BMBS), are the two first professional degrees in medicine and surgery awarded upon graduation from medical school by universities in countries that follow the tradition of the United Kingdom.
Behçet's disease (BD) is a type of inflammatory disorder which affects multiple parts of the body.
A biopharmaceutical, also known as a biologic(al) medical product, biological, or biologic, is any pharmaceutical drug product manufactured in, extracted from, or semisynthesized from biological sources.
A blood test is a laboratory analysis performed on a blood sample that is usually extracted from a vein in the arm using a hypodermic needle, or via fingerprick.
Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition disease, also known as pseudogout and pyrophosphate arthropathy is a rheumatologic disorder with varied symptoms and signs arising from the resultant accumulation of crystals of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate in the connective tissues.
A clinic (or outpatient clinic or ambulatory care clinic) is a healthcare facility that is primarily focused on the care of outpatients.
Clinical chemistry (also known as chemical pathology, clinical biochemistry or medical biochemistry) is the area of chemistry that is generally concerned with analysis of bodily fluids for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
Cytopathology (from Greek κύτος, kytos, "a hollow"; πάθος, pathos, "fate, harm"; and -λογία, -logia) is a branch of pathology that studies and diagnoses diseases on the cellular level.
Dermatomyositis (DM) is a long term inflammatory disorder which affects muscles.
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) is a category of otherwise unrelated drugs defined by their use in rheumatoid arthritis to slow down disease progression.
A Doctor of Medicine (MD from Latin Medicinae Doctor) is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions.
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) is a professional doctoral degree for physicians and surgeons offered by medical schools in the United States.
Ehlers–Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a group of genetic connective tissue disorders.
Enteropathic arthropathy or enteropathic arthritis refers to acute or subacute arthritis in association with, or as a reaction to, an enteric (usually colonic) inflammatory condition.
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), also known as Churg–Strauss syndrome (CSS) or allergic granulomatosis, is an extremely rare autoimmune condition that causes inflammation of small and medium-sized blood vessels (vasculitis) in persons with a history of airway allergic hypersensitivity (atopy).
The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR or sed rate) is the rate at which red blood cells sediment in a period of one hour.
Etanercept (trade name Enbrel) is a biopharmaceutical that treats autoimmune diseases by interfering with tumor necrosis factor (TNF, a soluble inflammatory cytokine) by acting as a TNF inhibitor.
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a medical condition characterised by chronic widespread pain and a heightened pain response to pressure.
Giant-cell arteritis (GCA), also called temporal arteritis, is an inflammatory disease of blood vessels.
Golfer's elbow, or medial epicondylitis, is tendinosis of the medial epicondyle on the inside of the elbow.
Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint.
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), formerly known as Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), is a long-term systemic disorder that involves both granulomatosis and polyangiitis.
Heinola is a town and a municipality of inhabitants located in the region of Päijänne Tavastia, Finland.
Henoch–Schönlein purpura (HSP) also known as IgA vasculitis, anaphylactoid purpura, purpura rheumatica, and Schönlein–Henoch purpura, is a disease of the skin, mucous membranes, and sometimes other organs that most commonly affects children.
A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment.
The human back is the large posterior area of the human body, rising from the top of the buttocks to the back of the neck and the shoulders.
The human musculoskeletal system (also known as the locomotor system, and previously the activity system) is an organ system that gives humans the ability to move using their muscular and skeletal systems.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
Immunology is a branch of biology that covers the study of immune systems in all organisms.
Infliximab (trade names Remicade among others) is a chimeric monoclonal antibody biologic drug that works against tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and is used to treat autoimmune diseases.
Interleukins (ILs) are a group of cytokines (secreted proteins and signal molecules) that were first seen to be expressed by white blood cells (leukocytes).
Internal medicine or general medicine (in Commonwealth nations) is the medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases.
The JAK-STAT signalling pathway is a chain of interactions between proteins in a cell, and is involved in processes such as immunity, cell division, cell death and tumour formation.
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), also known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, is the most common form of arthritis in children and adolescents.
Kawasaki disease, also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is a disease in which blood vessels throughout the body become inflamed.
Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder involving the muscles, nerves, and bones of the back.
Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.
A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are carried out on clinical specimens in order to obtain information about the health of a patient in order to provide diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Methotrexate (MTX), formerly known as amethopterin, is a chemotherapy agent and immune system suppressant.
Microscopic polyangiitis is an ill-defined autoimmune disease characterized by a systemic, pauci-immune, necrotizing, small-vessel vasculitis without clinical or pathological evidence of necrotizing granulomatous inflammation.
Mixed connective tissue disease (also known as Sharp's syndrome), commonly abbreviated as MCTD, is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of high blood levels of a specific autoantibody, now called anti-U1 ribonucleoprotein (RNP).
Monoclonal antibodies (mAb or moAb) are antibodies that are made by identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell.
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS), also known as chronic myofascial pain (CMP), is a syndrome characterized by chronic pain in multiple myofascial trigger points ("knots") and fascial (connective tissue) constrictions.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a drug class that reduce pain, decrease fever, prevent blood clots and, in higher doses, decrease inflammation.
Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and intervention to develop, recover, or maintain the meaningful activities, or occupations, of individuals, groups, or communities.
Olecranon bursitis is a condition characterized by swelling, redness, and pain at the tip of the elbow.
Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics, also spelled orthopaedic, is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.
Osteoimmunology (όστέον, osteon from Greek, “bone”; immunitas from Latin, “immunity”; and λόγος, logos, from Greek “study”) is a field that emerged about 40 years ago that studies the interface between the skeletal system and the immune system, comprising the “osteo-immune system”.
Osteoporosis is a disease where increased bone weakness increases the risk of a broken bone.
Periodic fever syndromes (also known as autoinflammatory diseases or autoinflammatory syndromes) are a set of disorders characterized by recurrent episodes of systemic and organ-specific inflammation.
Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), also known as panarteritis nodosa, periarteritis nodosa, Kussmaul disease, or Kussmaul-Maier disease, is a systemic necrotizing inflammation of blood vessels (vasculitis) affecting small- or medium-sized muscular arteries, typically involving the arteries of the kidneys and other internal organs but generally sparing the lungs' circulation.
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a syndrome with pain or stiffness, usually in the neck, shoulders, upper arms, and hips, but which may occur all over the body.
Polymyositis (PM) is a type of chronic inflammation of the muscles (inflammatory myopathy) related to dermatomyositis and inclusion body myositis.
Psoriatic arthritis is a long-term inflammatory arthritis that occurs in people affected by the autoimmune disease psoriasis.
Reactive arthritis, formerly known as Reiter's syndrome, is a form of inflammatory arthritis that develops in response to an infection in another part of the body (cross-reactivity).
Relapsing polychondritis is a multi-systemic condition characterized by repeated episodes of inflammation and deterioration of cartilage.
Rheumatism or rheumatic disorder is an umbrella term for conditions causing chronic, often intermittent pain affecting the joints and/or connective tissue.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints.
Rheumatoid factor (RF) is the autoantibody (antibody directed against an organism's own tissues) that was first found in rheumatoid arthritis.
Rituximab, sold under the brand name Rituxan among others, is a medication used to treat certain autoimmune diseases and types of cancer.
Sarcoidosis is a disease involving abnormal collections of inflammatory cells that form lumps known as granulomas.
Schober's test is a physical examination used in physical medicine and rehabilitation and rheumatology to measure the ability of a patient to flex the lower back.
Scleroderma is a group of autoimmune diseases that may result in changes to the skin, blood vessels, muscles, and internal organs.
Septic arthritis, also known as joint infection or infectious arthritis, is the invasion of a joint by an infectious agent resulting in joint inflammation.
Serum sickness in humans is a reaction to proteins in antiserum derived from a non-human animal source, occurring 5–10 days after exposure.
Sjögren syndrome (SjS, SS) is a long-term autoimmune disease in which the moisture-producing glands of the body are affected.
In anatomy, soft tissue includes the tissues that connect, support, or surround other structures and organs of the body, not being hard tissue such as bone.
A specialty, or speciality, in medicine is a branch of medical practice.
Spondyloarthropathy or spondyloarthrosis refers to any joint disease of the vertebral column.
A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.
Synovectomy is a procedure where the synovial tissue surrounding a joint is removed.
Synovial fluid, also called synovia,help 1 is a viscous, non-Newtonian fluid found in the cavities of synovial joints.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body.
Takayasu's arteritis (also known as Takayasu's disease, "aortic arch syndrome," "nonspecific aortoarteritis," and "pulseless disease") is a form of large vessel granulomatous vasculitisAmerican College of Physicians (ACP).
Tendinitis (also tendonitis), meaning inflammation of a tendon, is a type of tendinopathy often confused with the more common tendinosis, which has similar symptoms but requires different treatment.
Tennis elbow, also known as lateral epicondylitis, is a condition in which the outer part of the elbow becomes painful and tender.
Therapy (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.
Thromboangiitis obliterans, also known as Buerger disease (English, German), is a recurring progressive inflammation and thrombosis (clotting) of small and medium arteries and veins of the hands and feet.
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF, tumor necrosis factor alpha, TNFα, cachexin, or cachectin) is a cell signaling protein (cytokine) involved in systemic inflammation and is one of the cytokines that make up the acute phase reaction.
Ultrasound is sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing.
Vasculitis is a group of disorders that destroy blood vessels by inflammation.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.