40 relations: Adenosine triphosphate, Aldehyde, Amino acid, Aqueous solution, Arabinose, Carbohydrate, Carbon, Chirality (chemistry), Chronic fatigue syndrome, Cyclic adenosine monophosphate, Cyclic guanosine monophosphate, Deoxyribose, DNA, Enantiomer, Epimer, Experimental & Clinical Cardiology, Fischer projection, Functional group, Glyceraldehyde, Gum arabic, Hermann Emil Fischer, Histidine, Hydrogen, Hydroxy group, Lyxose, Metabolism, Monosaccharide, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, Open-chain compound, Pentose, Pentose phosphate pathway, Phosphorylation, Ribokinase, Ribose 5-phosphate, RNA, RNA splicing, Stereochemistry, Sugar, Tryptophan, Xylose.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
An aqueous solution is a solution in which the solvent is water.
Arabinose is an aldopentose – a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde (CHO) functional group.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Chirality is a geometric property of some molecules and ions.
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), also referred to as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), is a medical condition characterized by long-term fatigue and other symptoms that limit a person's ability to carry out ordinary daily activities.
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP, cyclic AMP, or 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate) is a second messenger important in many biological processes.
Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) is a cyclic nucleotide derived from guanosine triphosphate (GTP).
Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H−(C.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
In chemistry, an enantiomer, also known as an optical isomer (and archaically termed antipode or optical antipode), is one of two stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other that are non-superposable (not identical), much as one's left and right hands are the same except for being reversed along one axis (the hands cannot be made to appear identical simply by reorientation).
In stereochemistry, an epimer is one of a pair of stereoisomers.
Experimental & Clinical Cardiology is an open access medical journal covering cardiology and heart health-related topics, including hypertension, myocardial ischemia, diabetes, and other cardiovascular diseases.
The Fischer projection, devised by Hermann Emil Fischer in 1891, is a two-dimensional representation of a three-dimensional organic molecule by projection.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
Glyceraldehyde (glyceral) is a triose monosaccharide with chemical formula C3H6O3.
Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, arabic gum, gum acacia, acacia, Senegal gum and Indian gum, and by other names, is a natural gum consisting of the hardened sap of various species of the acacia tree.
Hermann Emil Louis Fischer FRS FRSE FCS (9 October 1852 – 15 July 1919) was a German chemist and 1902 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Histidine (symbol His or H) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
Lyxose is an aldopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar), also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates.
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells.
In chemistry, an open-chain compound (also spelled as open chain compound) or acyclic compound (Greek prefix "α", without and "κύκλος", cycle) is a compound with a linear structure, rather than a cyclic one.
A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms.
The pentose phosphate pathway (also called the phosphogluconate pathway and the hexose monophosphate shunt) is a metabolic pathway parallel to glycolysis.
In chemistry, phosphorylation of a molecule is the attachment of a phosphoryl group.
In enzymology, a ribokinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and D-ribose, whereas its two products are ADP and D-ribose 5-phosphate.
Ribose 5-phosphate (R5P) is both a product and an intermediate of the pentose phosphate pathway.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
In molecular biology, splicing is the editing of the nascent precursor messenger RNA (pre-mRNA) transcript into a mature messenger RNA (mRNA).
Stereochemistry, a subdiscipline of chemistry, involves the study of the relative spatial arrangement of atoms that form the structure of molecules and their manipulation.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Tryptophan (symbol Trp or W) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Xylose (cf. ξύλον, xylon, "wood") is a sugar first isolated from wood, and named for it.