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Richard Cromwell

Index Richard Cromwell

Richard Cromwell (4 October 162612 July 1712) became the second Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, and was one of only two commoners to become the English head of state, the other being his father, Oliver Cromwell, from whom he inherited the post. [1]

71 relations: Ancient constitution of England, Anthony May, Armand de Bourbon, Prince of Conti, Barebone's Parliament, Calvinism, Cambridge University (UK Parliament constituency), Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies, Chancellor, Charles Fleetwood, Cheshunt, Commonwealth of England, Cosmography, County town, Cromwell (film), Cromwell family, Cromwell's Other House, Dictionary of National Biography, Dorothy Maijor, Elizabeth Cromwell, Elizabeth II, English Civil War, English Council of State, Felsted School, Filibuster, First Protectorate Parliament, George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, Good Old Cause, Hampshire, Henry Cromwell, Henry Williams (alias Cromwell), Hertfordshire, Highness, House of Commons of England, Humble Petition and Advice, Huntingdon, Huntingdon (UK Parliament constituency), Huntingdonshire, Hursley, Independent (religion), Instrument of Government, John Lambert (general), John Thurloe, Justice of the peace, Lincoln's Inn, List of Chancellors of the University of Oxford, Lord Protector, New Model Army, Oliver Cromwell, Palace of Whitehall, Parliament of England, ..., Presbyterianism, Privy council, Puritans, Ralph Warren (Lord Mayor), Republicanism in the United Kingdom, Restoration (England), Richard Major, Richard Williams (alias Cromwell), Rotten and pocket boroughs, Roundhead, Royalist, Rump Parliament, Second Protectorate Parliament, St James's Palace, Third Protectorate Parliament, Thomas Fairfax, Thomas Pengelly (merchant), To Kill a King, University of Oxford, William Boteler, William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset. Expand index (21 more) »

Ancient constitution of England

The ancient constitution of England was a 17th-century political theory about the common law, used at the time in particular to oppose the royal prerogative.

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Anthony May

Anthony May (born 23 May 1946) is an English stage, television and film actor.

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Armand de Bourbon, Prince of Conti

Armand de Bourbon, Prince of Conti (11 October 162926 February 1666) was a French nobleman, the younger son of Henri II, Prince of Condé and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, daughter of Henri I, Duke of Montmorency.

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Barebone's Parliament

Barebone's Parliament, also known as the Little Parliament, the Nominated Assembly and the Parliament of Saints, came into being on 4 July 1653, and was the last attempt of the English Commonwealth to find a stable political form before the installation of Oliver Cromwell as Lord Protector.

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Calvinism

Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.

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Cambridge University (UK Parliament constituency)

Cambridge University was a university constituency electing two members to the British House of Commons, from 1603 to 1950.

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Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies

Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies Service (CALS) is a UK local government institution which collects and preserves archives, other historical documents and printed material relating to the modern county of Cambridgeshire, which includes the former counties of Huntingdonshire and the Isle of Ely.

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Chancellor

Chancellor (cancellarius) is a title of various official positions in the governments of many nations.

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Charles Fleetwood

Charles Fleetwood (c. 1618 – 4 October 1692) was an English Parliamentarian soldier and politician, Lord Deputy of Ireland in 1652–1655, where he enforced the Cromwellian Settlement.

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Cheshunt

Cheshunt is a town in the Borough of Broxbourne, Hertfordshire, lying entirely within the London Metropolitan Area and Greater London Urban Area.

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Commonwealth of England

The Commonwealth was the period from 1649 to 1660 when England and Wales, later along with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was declared through "An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth", adopted by the Rump Parliament on 19 May 1649.

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Cosmography

Cosmography is the science that maps the general features of the cosmos or universe, describing both heaven and Earth (but without encroaching on geography or astronomy).

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County town

A county town in Great Britain or Ireland is usually, but not always, the location of administrative or judicial functions within the county.

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Cromwell (film)

Cromwell is a British 1970 historical drama film written and directed by Ken Hughes.

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Cromwell family

The Cromwell family is an English aristocratic family.

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Cromwell's Other House

The Other House (also referred to as the Upper House, House of Peers and House of Lords), established by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell under the terms of the Humble Petition and Advice, was one of the two chambers of the Parliaments that legislated for England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland, in 1658 and 1659, the final years of the Protectorate.

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Dictionary of National Biography

The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.

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Dorothy Maijor

Dorothy or Dorothea Cromwell (c.1620 – 5 January 1675) was the wife of the second Lord Protector, Richard Cromwell who succeeded to the post following the death of his father, Oliver Cromwell in 1659.

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Elizabeth Cromwell

Elizabeth Cromwell (née Bourchier; 1598–1665) was the wife of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

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English Civil War

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.

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English Council of State

The English Council of State, later also known as the Protector's Privy Council, was first appointed by the Rump Parliament on 14 February 1649 after the execution of King Charles I. Charles's execution on 30 January was delayed for several hours so that the House of Commons could pass an emergency bill to declare the representatives of the people, the House of Commons, as the source of all just power and to make it an offence to proclaim a new King.

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Felsted School

Felsted School is an English co-educational day and boarding independent school, situated in Felsted, England.

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Filibuster

A filibuster is a political procedure where one or more members of parliament or congress debate over a proposed piece of legislation so as to delay or entirely prevent a decision being made on the proposal.

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First Protectorate Parliament

The First Protectorate Parliament was summoned by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell under the terms of the Instrument of Government.

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George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle

George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, KG (6 December 1608 – 3 January 1670) was an English soldier and politician, and a key figure in the Restoration of the monarchy to King Charles II in 1660.

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Good Old Cause

The Good Old Cause was the name given, retrospectively, by the soldiers of the New Model Army, to the complex of reasons that motivated their fight on behalf of the Parliament of England.

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Hampshire

Hampshire (abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom.

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Henry Cromwell

Henry Cromwell (20 January 1628 – 23 March 1674) was the fourth son of Oliver Cromwell and Elizabeth Bourchier, and an important figure in the Parliamentarian regime in Ireland.

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Henry Williams (alias Cromwell)

Sir Henry Williams, alias Cromwell (died 1604) was a Knight of the Shire for Huntingdonshire and a grandfather of Oliver Cromwell.

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Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.

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Highness

Highness (abbreviation HH, oral address Your Highness) is a formal style used to address (in second person) or refer to (in third person) certain members of a reigning or formerly reigning dynasty.

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House of Commons of England

The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England (which incorporated Wales) from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain.

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Humble Petition and Advice

The Humble Petition and Advice was the second, and last, codified constitution of England after the Instrument of Government.

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Huntingdon

Huntingdon is a market town in Cambridgeshire, England.

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Huntingdon (UK Parliament constituency)

Huntingdon is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Jonathan Djanogly, a Conservative.

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Huntingdonshire

Huntingdonshire (abbreviated Hunts) is a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire, as well as a historic county of England.

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Hursley

Hursley is a village and civil parish in Hampshire, England with a population of around 800 in 2005.

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Independent (religion)

In English church history, Independents advocated local congregational control of religious and church matters, without any wider geographical hierarchy, either ecclesiastical or political.

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Instrument of Government

The Instrument of Government was a constitution of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.

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John Lambert (general)

John Lambert (Autumn 1619 – March 1684) was an English Parliamentary general and politician.

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John Thurloe

John Thurloe (June 1616 – 21 February 1668) of Great Milton in Oxfordshire and of Lincoln's Inn, was a secretary to the council of state in Protectorate England and spymaster for Oliver Cromwell.

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Justice of the peace

A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer, of a lower or puisne court, elected or appointed by means of a commission (letters patent) to keep the peace.

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Lincoln's Inn

The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn is one of the four Inns of Court in London to which barristers of England and Wales belong and where they are called to the Bar.

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List of Chancellors of the University of Oxford

This is a list of Chancellors of the University of Oxford in England by year of appointment.

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Lord Protector

Lord Protector (pl. Lords Protectors) is a title that has been used in British constitutional law for the head of state.

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New Model Army

The New Model Army of England was formed in 1645 by the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War, and was disbanded in 1660 after the Restoration.

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Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.

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Palace of Whitehall

The Palace of Whitehall (or Palace of White Hall) at Westminster, Middlesex, was the main residence of the English monarchs from 1530 until 1698, when most of its structures, except for Inigo Jones's Banqueting House of 1622, were destroyed by fire.

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Parliament of England

The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it became the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.

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Presbyterianism

Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.

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Privy council

A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government.

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Puritans

The Puritans were English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to "purify" the Church of England from its "Catholic" practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.

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Ralph Warren (Lord Mayor)

Sir Ralph Warren (c. 1486 – 11 July 1553) was twice Lord Mayor of London, for the first time in 1536 and the second in 1543.

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Republicanism in the United Kingdom

Republicanism in the United Kingdom is the political movement that seeks to replace the United Kingdom's monarchy with a republic.

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Restoration (England)

The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.

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Richard Major

Richard Major or Richard Maijor (1605 – 25 April 1660) was a Member of Parliament during the English Commonwealth era.

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Richard Williams (alias Cromwell)

Sir Richard Williams (born by 1502 – 1544), also known as Richard Cromwell, was a Welsh soldier and a courtier in the court of Henry VIII.

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Rotten and pocket boroughs

A rotten or pocket borough, more formally known as a nomination borough or proprietorial borough, was a parliamentary borough or constituency in England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom before the Reform Act 1832, which had a very small electorate and could be used by a patron to gain unrepresentative influence within the unreformed House of Commons.

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Roundhead

Roundheads were supporters of the Parliament of England during the English Civil War.

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Royalist

A royalist supports a particular monarch as head of state for a particular kingdom, or of a particular dynastic claim.

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Rump Parliament

The Rump Parliament was the English Parliament after Colonel Thomas Pride purged the Long Parliament, on 6 December 1648, of those members hostile to the Grandees' intention to try King Charles I for high treason.

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Second Protectorate Parliament

The Second Protectorate Parliament in England sat for two sessions from 17 September 1656 until 4 February 1658, with Thomas Widdrington as the Speaker of the House of Commons.

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St James's Palace

St James's Palace is the most senior royal palace in the United Kingdom.

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Third Protectorate Parliament

The Third Protectorate Parliament sat for one session, from 27 January 1659 until 22 April 1659, with Chaloner Chute and Thomas Bampfylde as the Speakers of the House of Commons.

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Thomas Fairfax

Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron (17 January 1612 – 12 November 1671), also known as Sir Thomas, Lord Fairfax, was an English nobleman, peer, politician, general, and Parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil War.

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Thomas Pengelly (merchant)

Thomas Pengelly (fl. c.1650 – 6 January 1696) was a wealthy British merchant of the 17th century who traded with the Eastern Mediterranean and the Atlantic Seaboard.

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To Kill a King

To Kill a King is a 2003 English Civil War film starring Tim Roth, Rupert Everett and Dougray Scott, directed by Mike Barker.

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University of Oxford

The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.

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William Boteler

William Boteler (fl. 1640s and 1650s) was a member of the Parliament of England.

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William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset

William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset, KG (1588 – 24 October 1660) was an English nobleman and Royalist commander in the English Civil War.

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Redirects here:

Cromwell, Richard, Cultural depictions of Richard Cromwell.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Cromwell

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