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Richard Dawkins

Index Richard Dawkins

Clinton Richard Dawkins (born 26 March 1941) is an English ethologist, evolutionary biologist, and author. [1]

351 relations: A Devil's Chaplain, A. C. Grayling, A. E. Wilder-Smith, Agence France-Presse, Alan Grafen, Alan Sokal, Alfred Toepfer Stiftung F.V.S., Alister McGrath, Allele, Alternative medicine, Altruism, American Humanist Association, An Appetite for Wonder, Andrew F. Read, Anglicanism, Annestown, Antireligion, Asteroid Day, Astrophysics, Atheism, Atheist Alliance International, Atheist Bus Campaign, Australian National University, Author, Balliol College, Oxford, Bantam Press, Basic Books, Beautiful Minds (documentary series), Belfast Telegraph, Bertrand Russell, Biblical Creation Society, Big Think, Bill Moyers, Birth control, Blabbermouth.net, Black Eyed, Please, Blog, Break the Science Barrier, Brief Candle in the Dark: My Life in Science, Brights movement, British Academy Television Awards, British Book Awards, British Science Association, Broadcast (magazine), Bulldog, Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly, Catholic Church, Cengage, Center for Inquiry, Channel 4, ..., Charitable organization, Charles Darwin, Charles Simonyi, Christopher Hitchens, Climbing Mount Improbable, Cologne, Colonial Service, Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, Commonwealth of Nations, Consciousness, Consciousness raising, Cooper Union, Cosmology, County Waterford, Creationism, Criticism of religion, Cultural evolution, Daniel Dennett, David Deutsch, David Haig (biologist), David P. Barash, David Sloan Wilson, Dawkins vs. Gould, Dawkinsia, Deity, Delusion, Designer baby, Discover (magazine), DNA replication, Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Science, Doctor Who, Douglas Adams, Durham University, E. O. Wilson, Edgar Andrews, Elliott Sober, Encyclopedia of Evolution, Endless Forms Most Beautiful (album), Erasmus Darwin, Ethology, Evolution, Evolution as fact and theory, Evolutionary biology, Evolutionary psychology, Existence of God, Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed, Extended evolutionary synthesis, Faith School Menace?, Family planning, Fashionable Nonsense, Fellow, Fellow of the Royal Society, Feminism, Fitness (biology), Free Press (publisher), Freedom From Religion Foundation, Gaia hypothesis, Gay liberation, Gene, Gene-centered view of evolution, Genius of Britain, George C. Williams (biologist), George W. Bush, God, Great Ape Project, Group selection, Growing Up in the Universe, Hamburg, Harry Kroto, Hay Festival, Helena Cronin, Henry Sidgwick, Higher Superstition, Hominidae, Honorary degree, Horizon (UK TV series), Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Human, Human overpopulation, Humanists UK, Ichthyology, IMDb, Inclusive fitness, Inclusive fitness in humans, Intellectual, Intelligent design, International Cosmos Prize, Isaac Newton, James Dyson, James Gleick, James Lovelock, James Watson, Jean Bricmont, Jim Al-Khalili, John Diamond (journalist), John Gray (philosopher), John Keats, John Krebs, Baron Krebs, John Maynard Smith, Justin, Charles & Co., Karlheinz Deschner, Kenya Colony, Kim Sterelny, King's African Rifles, Kistler Prize, Labour Party (UK), Lalla Ward, Latin America, Leon Kamin, Lewis Thomas Prize, Liberal Democrats (UK), Life, List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 2001, List of Nobel laureates, Lists of protests against the Vietnam War, London Review of Books, Los Angeles Times, Marek Kohn, Margo Wilson, Marian Dawkins, Mark Ridley (zoologist), Martin Daly, Martin Rees, Mary Midgley, Master of Arts (Oxbridge and Dublin), Matt Ridley, Maurice Maeterlinck, Medal of the Presidency of the Italian Republic, Meme, Memetics, Michael Faraday, Michael Faraday Prize, Michael Ruse, Michael Shermer, Middle World, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Nairobi, Natural science, Natural selection, Naturalism (philosophy), Nature (journal), Neo-Darwinism, Neologism, New Atheism, New College of the Humanities, New College, Oxford, New York City, Nice Guys Finish First, Niche construction, Nierenberg Prize, Nightwish, Nikolaas Tinbergen, Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize in Physics, Non-overlapping magisteria, Nonprofit organization, Norman Levitt, Not in Our Genes, Nyasaland, On the Origin of Species, Open University, Oundle School, Out Campaign, Out of Control (Kevin Kelly book), Over Norton Park, Oxford, Oxford Union, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Scientific Society, Paola Cavalieri, Patheos, Paul Nurse, Paul R. Gross, Perspectives on Science, Peter Higgs, Peter Medawar, Peter Singer, Phenotype, Philip Pullman, Population control, Postmodernism, President, Prospect (magazine), Pseudoscience, Psychology of religion, Public school (United Kingdom), Puntius, Rainbow, Randolph M. Nesse, Reader (academic rank), Reciprocal altruism, Reductionism, Republic (political organisation), Richard Dawkins Award, Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science, Richard Harries, Baron Harries of Pentregarth, Richard Lewontin, Richard Semon, Rights, River Out of Eden, Robert Trivers, Rohan Pethiyagoda, Rottweiler, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, Royal Institution Christmas Lectures, Royal Philosophical Society of Glasgow, Royal Society, Royal Society of Literature, Salon (website), Sam Harris, Science, Science in the Soul, Secularity, Semen, Sex, Death and the Meaning of Life, Shakespeare Prize, Silver Medal (Zoological Society of London), Simonyi Professor for the Public Understanding of Science, Skeptic (US magazine), Sociobiology, Sokal affair, Spandrel (biology), Speciesism, Spectrum of theistic probability, Sri Lanka, Stanford University, Starvation, Stephen Hawking, Stephen Jay Gould, Steven Pinker, Steven Rose, Steven Weinberg, Stroke, Susan Blackmore, Symphonic metal, Tanner Lectures on Human Values, Teleological argument, Terry Eagleton, The Ancestor's Tale, The Atheism Tapes, The Big Question (TV series), The Blind Watchmaker, The Blind Watchmaker (film), The Daily Telegraph, The Enemies of Reason, The Extended Phenotype, The Genius of Charles Darwin, The God Delusion, The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution, The Guardian, The Independent, The Magic of Reality, The New York Times, The Root of All Evil?, The Selfish Gene, The Simpsons, The Social Conquest of Earth, The Stolen Earth, The Sunday Telegraph, The Unbelievers, Theology, Theoretical physics, Third Way (magazine), Thomas Henry Huxley, Time (magazine), Transworld Publishers, Trident (UK nuclear programme), Truth in Science, Unit of selection, United Kingdom, United Kingdom general election, 2010, United Kingdom general election, 2017, Universe, University of Aberdeen, University of Antwerp, University of California, Berkeley, University of Huddersfield, University of Hull, University of Oslo, University of Oxford, University of St Andrews, University of Valencia, University of Westminster, Unweaving the Rainbow, Vehicle of Spirit, Vietnam War, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, W. D. Hamilton, W. W. Norton & Company, Watchmaker analogy, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, Why I Am Not a Christian, William Paley, World War II, Young Earth creationism, Zeitgeist, Zoological Society of London, Zoology, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 3 Quarks Daily. Expand index (301 more) »

A Devil's Chaplain

A Devil's Chaplain: Reflections on Hope, Lies, Science, and Love is a 2003 book of selected essays and other writings by Richard Dawkins.

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A. C. Grayling

Anthony Clifford Grayling (born 3 April 1949), usually known as A. C. Grayling, is a British philosopher and author.

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A. E. Wilder-Smith

Arthur Ernest Wilder-Smith, FRSC (22 December 1915 – 14 September 1995), more commonly known as A. E. Wilder-Smith, was a British organic chemist, and young Earth creationist.

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Agence France-Presse

Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.

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Alan Grafen

Alan Grafen is a Scottish ethologist and evolutionary biologist.

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Alan Sokal

Alan David Sokal (born January 24, 1955) is a professor of mathematics at University College London and professor of physics at New York University.

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Alfred Toepfer Stiftung F.V.S.

The Alfred Toepfer Stiftung F.V.S. is a German foundation established in 1931 by the Hamburg merchant Alfred Toepfer.

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Alister McGrath

Alister Edgar McGrath (born 23 January 1953) is a Northern Irish theologian, priest, intellectual historian, scientist, Christian apologist and public intellectual.

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An allele is a variant form of a given gene.

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Alternative medicine

Alternative medicine, fringe medicine, pseudomedicine or simply questionable medicine is the use and promotion of practices which are unproven, disproven, impossible to prove, or excessively harmful in relation to their effect — in the attempt to achieve the healing effects of medicine.--> --> --> They differ from experimental medicine in that the latter employs responsible investigation, and accepts results that show it to be ineffective. The scientific consensus is that alternative therapies either do not, or cannot, work. In some cases laws of nature are violated by their basic claims; in some the treatment is so much worse that its use is unethical. Alternative practices, products, and therapies range from only ineffective to having known harmful and toxic effects.--> Alternative therapies may be credited for perceived improvement through placebo effects, decreased use or effect of medical treatment (and therefore either decreased side effects; or nocebo effects towards standard treatment),--> or the natural course of the condition or disease. Alternative treatment is not the same as experimental treatment or traditional medicine, although both can be misused in ways that are alternative. Alternative or complementary medicine is dangerous because it may discourage people from getting the best possible treatment, and may lead to a false understanding of the body and of science.-->---> Alternative medicine is used by a significant number of people, though its popularity is often overstated.--> Large amounts of funding go to testing alternative medicine, with more than US$2.5 billion spent by the United States government alone.--> Almost none show any effect beyond that of false treatment,--> and most studies showing any effect have been statistical flukes. Alternative medicine is a highly profitable industry, with a strong lobby. This fact is often overlooked by media or intentionally kept hidden, with alternative practice being portrayed positively when compared to "big pharma". --> The lobby has successfully pushed for alternative therapies to be subject to far less regulation than conventional medicine.--> Alternative therapies may even be allowed to promote use when there is demonstrably no effect, only a tradition of use. Regulation and licensing of alternative medicine and health care providers varies between and within countries. Despite laws making it illegal to market or promote alternative therapies for use in cancer treatment, many practitioners promote them.--> Alternative medicine is criticized for taking advantage of the weakest members of society.--! Terminology has shifted over time, reflecting the preferred branding of practitioners.. Science Based Medicine--> For example, the United States National Institutes of Health department studying alternative medicine, currently named National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, was established as the Office of Alternative Medicine and was renamed the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine before obtaining its current name. Therapies are often framed as "natural" or "holistic", in apparent opposition to conventional medicine which is "artificial" and "narrow in scope", statements which are intentionally misleading. --> When used together with functional medical treatment, alternative therapies do not "complement" (improve the effect of, or mitigate the side effects of) treatment.--> Significant drug interactions caused by alternative therapies may instead negatively impact functional treatment, making it less effective, notably in cancer.--> Alternative diagnoses and treatments are not part of medicine, or of science-based curricula in medical schools, nor are they used in any practice based on scientific knowledge or experience.--> Alternative therapies are often based on religious belief, tradition, superstition, belief in supernatural energies, pseudoscience, errors in reasoning, propaganda, fraud, or lies.--> Alternative medicine is based on misleading statements, quackery, pseudoscience, antiscience, fraud, and poor scientific methodology. Promoting alternative medicine has been called dangerous and unethical.--> Testing alternative medicine that has no scientific basis has been called a waste of scarce research resources.--> Critics state that "there is really no such thing as alternative medicine, just medicine that works and medicine that doesn't",--> that the very idea of "alternative" treatments is paradoxical, as any treatment proven to work is by definition "medicine".-->.

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Altruism is the principle and moral practice of concern for happiness of other human beings, resulting in a quality of life both material and spiritual.

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American Humanist Association

The American Humanist Association (AHA) is an educational organization in the United States that advances secular humanism, a philosophy of life that, without theism or other supernatural beliefs, affirms the ability and responsibility of human beings to lead personal lives of ethical fulfillment that aspire to the greater good of humanity.

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An Appetite for Wonder

An Appetite for Wonder: The Making of a Scientist is the first volume of the autobiographical memoir by British evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins.

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Andrew F. Read

Andrew Fraser Read FRS is Evan Pugh professor of biology and entomology in the Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics (CIDD) at Pennsylvania State University.

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Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.

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Annestown is a coastal village in County Waterford, Ireland on the Copper Coast between Dungarvan and Tramore made up of around 25 cottages and houses built on a steep hill.

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Antireligion is opposition to religion of any kind.

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Asteroid Day

Asteroid Day (also known as International Asteroid Day) is an annual global event which is held on the anniversary of the Siberian Tunguska event that took place on June 30th, 1908, the most harmful known asteroid-related event on Earth in recent history.

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Astrophysics is the branch of astronomy that employs the principles of physics and chemistry "to ascertain the nature of the astronomical objects, rather than their positions or motions in space".

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Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.

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Atheist Alliance International

Atheist Alliance International (AAI) is a global federation of atheist organizations and individuals, committed to educating the public about atheism, secularism and related issues.

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Atheist Bus Campaign

The Atheist Bus Campaign aimed to place "peaceful and upbeat" messages about atheism on transport media in Britain, in response to evangelical Christian advertising.

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Australian National University

The Australian National University (ANU) is a national research university located in Canberra, the capital of Australia.

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An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book or play, and is thus also a writer.

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Balliol College, Oxford

Balliol College, founded in 1263,: Graduate Studies Prospectus - Last updated 17 Sep 08 is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.

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Bantam Press

Bantam Press is an imprint of Transworld Publishers which is a British publishing division of Random House.

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Basic Books

Basic Books is a book publisher founded in 1952 and located in New York, now an imprint of Hachette Books.

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Beautiful Minds (documentary series)

Beautiful Minds is a BBC documentary series shown on BBC Four, which features significant British scientists who describe their big moment or discovery.

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Belfast Telegraph

The Belfast Telegraph is a daily newspaper published in Belfast, Northern Ireland, by Independent News & Media.

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Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate.

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Biblical Creation Society

The Biblical Creation Society (BCS) is a United Kingdom-based creationary organisation founded in 1977 by Scottish minister Nigel M. de S. Cameron (now President of the Center for Policy on Emerging Technologies and a group of evangelical students, who were concerned about the popularity of theistic evolution among conservative Christians, but were repelled by the "wholly negative" attitude of the Evolution Protest Movement. Although inspired by the scientific creationism of John C. Whitcomb and Henry M. Morris (authors of The Genesis Flood), it refused to limit its membership to only Young Earth creationists, and in its name rejected American attempts to separate scientific creationism from its Biblical roots (a separation rendered unnecessary by the lack of constitutional barriers to teaching creationism in the United Kingdom). The organisation is based in Rugby, Warwickshire.

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Big Think

Big Think, a multimedia web portal, was founded in 2007 with the intent to organize and connect information on the internet.

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Bill Moyers

Billy Don Moyers (born June 5, 1934) is an American journalist and political commentator.

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Birth control

Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.

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Blabbermouth.net is a website dedicated to heavy metal and hard rock news, as well as album and music DVD reviews.

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Black Eyed, Please

"Black Eyed, Please" is the fifteenth episode of the 24th season of The Simpsons, and the 523rd episode overall.

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A blog (a truncation of the expression "weblog") is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary-style text entries ("posts").

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Break the Science Barrier

Break the Science Barrier is a 1996 television documentary written and presented by Richard Dawkins, which promotes the viewpoint that scientific endeavour is not only useful, but also intellectually stimulating and exciting.

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Brief Candle in the Dark: My Life in Science

Brief Candle in the Dark: My Life in Science is the second volume of the autobiographical memoir by British evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins.

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Brights movement

The Brights Movement is an international intellectual movement.

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British Academy Television Awards

The British Academy Television Awards, also known as the BAFTA TV Awards, are presented in an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA).

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British Book Awards

The British Book Awards or Nibbies are literary awards for the best UK writers and their works, administered by The Bookseller.

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British Science Association

The British Science Association (BSA) is a charity and learned society founded in 1831 to aid in the promotion and development of science.

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Broadcast (magazine)

Broadcast is a weekly magazine for the United Kingdom television and radio industry.

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A Bulldog is a medium-sized breed of dog commonly referred to as the English Bulldog or British Bulldog.

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Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly

The Campaign for a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly (CUNPA) is a global network of more than 300 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and 1,500 current and former parliamentarians from around 150 countries devoted to establishing a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Cengage is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education, K-12, professional, and library markets worldwide.

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Center for Inquiry

The Center for Inquiry (CFI) is a nonprofit educational organization.

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Channel 4

Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.

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Charitable organization

A charitable organization or charity is a non-profit organization (NPO) whose primary objectives are philanthropy and social well-being (e.g. charitable, educational, religious, or other activities serving the public interest or common good).

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Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

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Charles Simonyi

Charles Simonyi (Simonyi Károly,; born September 10, 1948), son of Károly Simonyi, is a Hungarian-born American computer businessman.

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Christopher Hitchens

Christopher Eric Hitchens (13 April 1949 – 15 December 2011) was an Anglo-American author, columnist, essayist, orator, religious and literary critic, social critic, and journalist.

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Climbing Mount Improbable

Climbing Mount Improbable is a 1996 popular science book by Richard Dawkins.

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Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).

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Colonial Service

The Colonial Service, also known as His/Her Majesty's Colonial Service, was the British government service which administered most of Britain's overseas possessions, under the authority of the Secretary of State for the Colonies and the Colonial Office in London.

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Committee for Skeptical Inquiry

The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI), formerly known as the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP), is a program within the transnational American non-profit educational organization Center for Inquiry (CFI), which seeks to "promote scientific inquiry, critical investigation, and the use of reason in examining controversial and extraordinary claims." Paul Kurtz proposed the establishment of CSICOP in 1976 as an independent non-profit organization (before merging with CFI as one of its programs in 2015), to counter what he regarded as an uncritical acceptance of, and support for, paranormal claims by both the media and society in general.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.

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Consciousness raising

Consciousness raising (also called awareness raising) is a form of activism, popularized by United States feminists in the late 1960s.

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Cooper Union

The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, commonly known as Cooper Union or The Cooper Union and informally referred to, especially during the 19th century, as "the Cooper Institute", is a private college at Cooper Square on the border of the East Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.

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Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of") is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.

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County Waterford

County Waterford (Contae Phort Láirge; the English name comes from Old Norse Vedrafjörður) is a county in Ireland.

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Creationism is the religious belief that the universe and life originated "from specific acts of divine creation",Gunn 2004, p. 9, "The Concise Oxford Dictionary says that creationism is 'the belief that the universe and living organisms originated from specific acts of divine creation.'" as opposed to the scientific conclusion that they came about through natural processes.

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Criticism of religion

Criticism of religion is criticism of the ideas, the truth, or the practice of religion, including its political and social implications.

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Cultural evolution

Cultural evolution is an evolutionary theory of social change.

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Daniel Dennett

Daniel Clement Dennett III (born March 28, 1942) is an American philosopher, writer, and cognitive scientist whose research centers on the philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, and philosophy of biology, particularly as those fields relate to evolutionary biology and cognitive science.

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David Deutsch

David Elieser Deutsch (born 18 May 1953) is an Israeli-born British physicist at the University of Oxford.

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David Haig (biologist)

David Addison Haig (born 28 June 1958) is an Australian evolutionary biologist and geneticist, professor in Harvard Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology.

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David P. Barash

David P. Barash (born 1946) is Professor of Psychology emeritus at the University of Washington, and is notable for books on Human aggression, Peace Studies, and the sexual behavior of animals and people.

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David Sloan Wilson

David Sloan Wilson (born 1949) is an American evolutionary biologist and a Distinguished Professor of Biological Sciences and Anthropology at Binghamton University.

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Dawkins vs. Gould

Dawkins vs.

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Dawkinsia is a genus of cyprinid fishes from freshwater in South India and Sri Lanka.

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A deity is a supernatural being considered divine or sacred.

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A delusion is a mistaken belief that is held with strong conviction even in the presence of superior evidence to the contrary.

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Designer baby

A designer baby is a human embryo which has been genetically modified, usually following guidelines set by the parent or scientist, to produce desirable traits.

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Discover (magazine)

Discover is an American general audience science magazine launched in October 1980 by Time Inc.

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DNA replication

In molecular biology, DNA replication is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from one original DNA molecule.

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Doctor of Philosophy

A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.

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Doctor of Science

Doctor of Science (Latin: Scientiae Doctor), usually abbreviated Sc.D., D.Sc., S.D., or D.S., is an academic research degree awarded in a number of countries throughout the world.

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Doctor Who

Doctor Who is a British science-fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963.

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Douglas Adams

Douglas Noel Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author, scriptwriter, essayist, humorist, satirist and dramatist.

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Durham University

Durham University (legally the University of Durham) is a collegiate public research university in Durham, North East England, with a second campus in Stockton-on-Tees.

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E. O. Wilson

Edward Osborne Wilson (born June 10, 1929), usually cited as E. O. Wilson, is an American biologist, researcher, theorist, naturalist and author.

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Edgar Andrews

Edgar Harold Andrews (born 16 December 1932, Didcot, Berkshire, UK) is an English physicist and engineer.

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Elliott Sober

Elliott Sober (born 6 June 1948, Baltimore) is Hans Reichenbach Professor and William F. Vilas Research Professor in the Department of Philosophy at University of Wisconsin–Madison.

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Encyclopedia of Evolution

The Encyclopedia of Evolution is a print encyclopedia of evolutionary biology, edited by Mark Pagel.

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Endless Forms Most Beautiful (album)

Endless Forms Most Beautiful is the eighth album by Finnish symphonic power metal band Nightwish.

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Erasmus Darwin

Erasmus Darwin (12 December 173118 April 1802) was an English physician.

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Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait.

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Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.

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Evolution as fact and theory

Many scientists and philosophers of science have described evolution as fact and theory, a phrase which was used as the title of an article by paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould in 1981.

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Evolutionary biology

Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth, starting from a single common ancestor.

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Evolutionary psychology

Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective.

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Existence of God

The existence of God is a subject of debate in the philosophy of religion and popular culture.

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Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed

Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed is a 2008 American film directed by Nathan Frankowski and starring Ben Stein.

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Extended evolutionary synthesis

The extended evolutionary synthesis consists of a set of theoretical concepts more comprehensive than the earlier modern synthesis of evolutionary biology that took place between 1918 and 1942.

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Faith School Menace?

Faith School Menace? is a television documentary presented by Richard Dawkins which explores the effects of faith schools on the students in them and society in general by taking examples in particular from UK faith schools, with the stated aim "to explore the balance of rights between a parent's right to educate a child in their own faith, and the children's rights to determine their own beliefs and approach the world with a genuinely open mind".

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Family planning

Family planning services are defined as "educational, comprehensive medical or social activities which enable individuals, including minors, to determine freely the number and spacing of their children and to select the means by which this may be achieved".

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Fashionable Nonsense

Fashionable Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals' Abuse of Science (Impostures Intellectuelles), published in the UK as Intellectual Impostures, is a book by physicists Alan Sokal and Jean Bricmont.

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A fellow is a member of a group (or fellowship) that work together in pursuing mutual knowledge or practice.

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Fellow of the Royal Society

Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society judges to have made a "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".

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Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.

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Fitness (biology)

Fitness (often denoted w or ω in population genetics models) is the quantitative representation of natural and sexual selection within evolutionary biology.

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Free Press (publisher)

Free Press was a book publishing imprint of Simon & Schuster.

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Freedom From Religion Foundation

The Freedom From Religion Foundation (FFRF) is an American non-profit organization based in Madison, Wisconsin with members from all 50 states.

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Gaia hypothesis

The Gaia hypothesis, also known as the Gaia theory or the Gaia principle, proposes that living organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic and self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the planet.

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Gay liberation

The gay liberation movement of the late 1960s through the mid-1980s urged lesbians and gay men to engage in radical direct action, and to counter societal shame with gay pride.

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In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Gene-centered view of evolution

The gene-centered view of evolution, gene's eye view, gene selection theory, or selfish gene theory holds that adaptive evolution occurs through the differential survival of competing genes, increasing the allele frequency of those alleles whose phenotypic trait effects successfully promote their own propagation, with gene defined as "not just one single physical bit of DNA all replicas of a particular bit of DNA distributed throughout the world".

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Genius of Britain

Genius of Britain: The Scientists Who Changed the World is a five-part television documentary presented by leading British scientific figures, which charts the history of some of Britain's most important scientists and innovators.

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George C. Williams (biologist)

George Christopher Williams (May 12, 1926 – September 8, 2010) was an American evolutionary biologist.

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George W. Bush

George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.

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In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the Supreme Being and the principal object of faith.

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Great Ape Project

The Great Ape Project (GAP), founded in 1993, is an international organization of primatologists, anthropologists, ethicists, and others who advocate a United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Great Apes that would confer basic legal rights on non-human great apes: chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans.

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Group selection

Group selection is a proposed mechanism of evolution in which natural selection acts at the level of the group, instead of at the more conventional level of the individual.

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Growing Up in the Universe

Growing Up in the Universe was a series of lectures given by Richard Dawkins as part of the Royal Institution Christmas Lectures, in which he discussed the evolution of life in the universe.

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Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.

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Harry Kroto

Sir Harold Walter Kroto (born Harold Walter Krotoschiner; 7 October 1939 – 30 April 2016), known as Harry Kroto, was an English chemist.

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Hay Festival

The Hay Festival of Literature & Arts is an annual literature festival held in Hay-on-Wye, Powys, Wales, for ten days from May to June.

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Helena Cronin

Helena Cronin (born 1942) is a British Darwinian philosopher and rationalist.

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Henry Sidgwick

Henry Sidgwick (31 May 1838 – 28 August 1900) was an English utilitarian philosopher and economist; he held the Knightbridge Professor of Moral Philosophy from the year 1883 until his death.

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Higher Superstition

Higher Superstition: The Academic Left and Its Quarrels with Science is a 1994 book by biologist Paul R. Gross and mathematician Norman Levitt.

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The Hominidae, whose members are known as great apes or hominids, are a taxonomic family of primates that includes eight extant species in four genera: Pongo, the Bornean, Sumatran and Tapanuli orangutan; Gorilla, the eastern and western gorilla; Pan, the common chimpanzee and the bonobo; and Homo, which includes modern humans and its extinct relatives (e.g., the Neanderthal), and ancestors, such as Homo erectus.

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Honorary degree

An honorary degree, in Latin a degree honoris causa ("for the sake of the honor") or ad honorem ("to the honor"), is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.

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Horizon (UK TV series)

Horizon is an ongoing and long-running British documentary television series on BBC that covers science and philosophy.

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Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH) is an educational and trade publisher in the United States.

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Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.

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Human overpopulation

Human overpopulation (or population overshoot) occurs when the ecological footprint of a human population in a specific geographical location exceeds the carrying capacity of the place occupied by that group.

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Humanists UK

Humanists UK, known from 1967 until May 2017 as the British Humanist Association (BHA), is a charitable organisation which promotes Humanism and aims to represent "people who seek to live good lives without religious or superstitious beliefs" in the United Kingdom by campaigning on issues relating to humanism, secularism, and human rights.

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Ichthyology (from Greek: ἰχθύς, ikhthys, "fish"; and λόγος, logos, "study"), also known as fish science, is the branch of zoology devoted to the study of fish.

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IMDb, also known as Internet Movie Database, is an online database of information related to world films, television programs, home videos and video games, and internet streams, including cast, production crew and personnel biographies, plot summaries, trivia, and fan reviews and ratings.

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Inclusive fitness

In evolutionary biology, inclusive fitness is one of two metrics of evolutionary success as defined by W. D. Hamilton in 1964.

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Inclusive fitness in humans

Inclusive fitness in humans is the application of inclusive fitness theory to human social behaviour, relationships and cooperation.

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An intellectual is a person who engages in critical thinking, research, and reflection about society and proposes solutions for its normative problems.

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Intelligent design

Intelligent design (ID) is a religious argument for the existence of God, presented by its proponents as "an evidence-based scientific theory about life's origins",Numbers 2006, p. 373; " captured headlines for its bold attempt to rewrite the basic rules of science and its claim to have found indisputable evidence of a God-like being.

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International Cosmos Prize

The International Cosmos Prize was established in 1993, commemorating Expo '90 in Osaka, Japan.

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Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.

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James Dyson

Sir James Dyson (born 2 May 1947) is a British inventor, industrial design engineer and founder of the Dyson company.

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James Gleick

James Gleick (born August 1, 1954) is an American author and historian of science whose work has chronicled the cultural impact of modern technology.

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James Lovelock

James Ephraim Lovelock, (born 26 July 1919) is an independent scientist, environmentalist, and futurist who lives in Dorset, England.

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James Watson

James Dewey Watson (born April 6, 1928) is an American molecular biologist, geneticist and zoologist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick and Rosalind Franklin.

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Jean Bricmont

Jean Bricmont (born 12 April 1952) is a Belgian theoretical physicist and philosopher of science.

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Jim Al-Khalili

Jameel Sadik Al-Khalili (born 20 September 1962) is a British theoretical physicist, author and broadcaster.

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John Diamond (journalist)

John Diamond (10 May 1953 – 2 March 2001), was an English journalist and broadcaster.

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John Gray (philosopher)

John Nicholas Gray (born 17 April 1948) is an English political philosopher with interests in analytic philosophy and the history of ideas.

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John Keats

John Keats (31 October 1795 – 23 February 1821) was an English Romantic poet.

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John Krebs, Baron Krebs

John Richard Krebs, Baron Krebs, FRS (born 11 April 1945 in Sheffield, England) is an English zoologist researching in the field of behavioural ecology of birds.

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John Maynard Smith

John Maynard Smith (6 January 1920 – 19 April 2004) was a British theoretical and mathematical evolutionary biologist and geneticist.

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Justin, Charles & Co.

Justin, Charles & Co. is an American book publishing company.

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Karlheinz Deschner

Karl Heinrich Leopold Deschner (23 May 1924 – 8 April 2014), was a German researcher and writer who achieved public attention in Europe for his trenchant and fiercely critical treatment of Christianity in general and the Roman Catholic Church in particular, as expressed in several articles and books, culminating in his 10 volume opus Christianity's Criminal History (Kriminalgeschichte des Christentums, Rowohlt Verlag, Reinbek).

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Kenya Colony

The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya was part of the British Empire in Africa from 1920 until 1963.

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Kim Sterelny

Kim Sterelny (born 1950) is an Australian philosopher and professor of philosophy in the Research School of Social Sciences at Australian National University and Victoria University of Wellington.

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King's African Rifles

The King's African Rifles (KAR) was a multi-battalion British colonial regiment raised from Britain's various possessions in East Africa from 1902 until independence in the 1960s.

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Kistler Prize

The Kistler Prize (created 1999) is awarded annually to recognize original contributions "to the understanding of the connection between human heredity and human society," and includes a cash award of US $100,000 and a 200-gram gold medallion.

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Labour Party (UK)

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.

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Lalla Ward

Lalla Ward (born Sarah Jill Ward; 28 June 1951) is an English actress and author.

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Latin America

Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.

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Leon Kamin

Leon J. Kamin (December 29, 1927 – December 22, 2017) was an American psychologist known for his contributions to learning theory and his critique of estimates of the heritability of IQ.

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Lewis Thomas Prize

The Lewis Thomas Prize for Writing about Science, named for its first recipient, Lewis Thomas, is an annual literary prize awarded by The Rockefeller University to scientists or physicians deemed to have accomplished a significant literary achievement; it recognizes "scientists as poets." Originally called the Lewis Thomas Prize for the Scientist as Poet, the award was first given in 1993.

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Liberal Democrats (UK)

The Liberal Democrats (often referred to as Lib Dems) are a liberal British political party, formed in 1988 as a merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a splinter group from the Labour Party, which had formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance from 1981.

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Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that do have biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased, or because they never had such functions and are classified as inanimate.

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List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 2001

This page lists Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 2001.

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List of Nobel laureates

The Nobel Prizes (Nobelpriset, Nobelprisen) are prizes awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Swedish Academy, the Karolinska Institutet, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee to individuals and organizations who make outstanding contributions in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.

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Lists of protests against the Vietnam War

Protests against the Vietnam War took place in the 1960s and 1970s.

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London Review of Books

The London Review of Books (LRB) is a British journal of literary essays.

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Los Angeles Times

The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.

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Marek Kohn

Marek Kohn is a British science writer on evolution, biology and society.

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Margo Wilson

Margo Wilson (1942 – 2009) was a Canadian professor of psychology.

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Marian Dawkins

Marian Stamp Dawkins (born Marian Ellina Stamp, 13 February 1945) is a British biologist who is professor of ethology at the University of Oxford.

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Mark Ridley (zoologist)

Mark Ridley (born 1956) is a British zoologist and writer on evolution.

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Martin Daly

Martin Daly is a Professor of Psychology at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada and author of many influential papers on evolutionary psychology.

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Martin Rees

Martin John Rees, Baron Rees of Ludlow, One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where: (born 23 June 1942) is a British cosmologist and astrophysicist.

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Mary Midgley

Mary Beatrice Midgley (née Scrutton; born 13 September 1919) is a British moral philosopher.

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Master of Arts (Oxbridge and Dublin)

In the universities of Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin, Bachelors of Arts with Honours of these universities are promoted to the title of Master of Arts or Master in Arts (MA) on application after six or seven years' seniority as members of the university (including years as an undergraduate).

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Matt Ridley

Sir Matthew White Ridley, 5th Viscount Ridley (born 7 February 1958), commonly known as Matt Ridley, is a British journalist and businessman.

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Maurice Maeterlinck

Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck (also called Comte (Count) Maeterlinck from 1932; in Belgium, in France; 29 August 1862 – 6 May 1949) was a Belgian playwright, poet, and essayist who was Flemish but wrote in French.

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Medal of the Presidency of the Italian Republic

The Medal of the Presidency of the Italian Republic is an award given at the annual conference of the Pio Manzu Institute to about fifteen people nominated by the centers International Scientific Committee, which is headed by former Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev.

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A meme is an idea, behavior, or style that spreads from person to person within a culture—often with the aim of conveying a particular phenomenon, theme, or meaning represented by the meme.

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Memetics is the study of information and culture based on an analogy with Darwinian evolution.

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Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.

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Michael Faraday Prize

The Michael Faraday Prize is awarded by the Royal Society of London for "excellence in communicating science to UK audiences".

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Michael Ruse

Michael Ruse, (born 21 June 1940) is a philosopher of science who specializes in the philosophy of biology and works on the relationship between science and religion, the creation–evolution controversy, and the demarcation problem within science.

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Michael Shermer

Michael Brant Shermer (born September 8, 1954) is an American science writer, historian of science, founder of The Skeptics Society, and editor-in-chief of its magazine Skeptic, which is largely devoted to investigating pseudoscientific and supernatural claims.

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Middle World

Middle World, a term coined by evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins, is used to describe the realm generally experienced by humans that lies between the microscopic world of quarks and atoms and the "cosmic world" of stars and galaxies.

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Monarchy of the United Kingdom

The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.

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Nairobi is the capital and the largest city of Kenya.

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Natural science

Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation.

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Natural selection

Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.

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Naturalism (philosophy)

In philosophy, naturalism is the "idea or belief that only natural (as opposed to supernatural or spiritual) laws and forces operate in the world." Adherents of naturalism (i.e., naturalists) assert that natural laws are the rules that govern the structure and behavior of the natural universe, that the changing universe at every stage is a product of these laws.

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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Neo-Darwinism is the interpretation of Darwinian evolution through natural selection as it has variously been modified since it was first proposed.

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A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language.

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New Atheism

New Atheism is a term coined in 2006 by the agnostic journalist Gary Wolf to describe the positions promoted by some atheists of the twenty-first century.

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New College of the Humanities

New College of the Humanities (NCH), legally Tertiary Education Services Ltd, is an independent, primarily undergraduate and master's degree college in London, England, UK, founded by the philosopher A. C. Grayling, who became its first Master.

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New College, Oxford

New College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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Nice Guys Finish First

Nice Guys Finish First (BBC ''Horizon'' television series) is a 1986 documentary by Richard Dawkins which discusses selfishness and cooperation, arguing that evolution often favors co-operative behaviour, and focusing especially on the tit for tat strategy of the prisoner's dilemma game.

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Niche construction

Niche construction is the process by which an organism alters its own (or another species') local environment.

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Nierenberg Prize

The Nierenberg Prize for Science in the Public Interest is given annually by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

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Nightwish are a symphonic metal band from Kitee, Finland.

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Nikolaas Tinbergen

Nikolaas "Niko" Tinbergen (15 April 1907 – 21 December 1988) was a Dutch biologist and ornithologist who shared the 1973 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Karl von Frisch and Konrad Lorenz for their discoveries concerning organization and elicitation of individual and social behavior patterns in animals.

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Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.

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Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.

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Non-overlapping magisteria

Non-overlapping magisteria (NOMA) is the view that was advocated by Stephen Jay Gould that science and religion each represent different areas of inquiry, fact vs.

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Nonprofit organization

A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.

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Norman Levitt

Norman Jay Levitt (August 27, 1943 – October 24, 2009) was a mathematician at Rutgers University.

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Not in Our Genes

Not in Our Genes: Biology, Ideology and Human Nature is a 1984 book by the evolutionary geneticist Richard Lewontin, the neurobiologist Steven Rose, and the psychologist Leon Kamin, in which the authors criticize sociobiology and genetic determinism and advocate a socialist society.

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Nyasaland, or the Nyasaland Protectorate, was a British Protectorate located in Africa, which was established in 1907 when the former British Central Africa Protectorate changed its name.

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On the Origin of Species

On the Origin of Species (or more completely, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life),The book's full original title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.

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Open University

The Open University (OU) is a public distance learning and research university, and one of the biggest universities in the UK for undergraduate education.

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Oundle School

Oundle School is a co-educational boarding and day independent school in the ancient market town of Oundle in Northamptonshire.

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Out Campaign

The Out Campaign is a public awareness initiative for freethought and atheism.

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Out of Control (Kevin Kelly book)

Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World is a 1994 book by Kevin Kelly.

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Over Norton Park

Over Norton Park is a farm of 210 acres (85 ha) at Over Norton, lying to the north of Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, England.

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Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.

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Oxford Union

The Oxford Union Society, commonly referred to simply as the Oxford Union, is a debating society in the city of Oxford, England, whose membership is drawn primarily from the University of Oxford.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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Oxford University Scientific Society

The Oxford University Scientific Society (OUSS) is a student scientific society at the University of Oxford.

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Paola Cavalieri

Paola Cavalieri (born 1950) is an Italian philosopher, most known for her work arguing for extension of human rights to the other great apes.

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Patheos is a non-denominational, non-partisan online media company providing information and commentary from various religious and nonreligious perspectives.

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Paul Nurse

Sir Paul Maxime Nurse (born 25 January 1949), is an English geneticist, former President of the Royal Society and Chief Executive and Director of the Francis Crick Institute.

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Paul R. Gross

Paul R. Gross is a biologist and author, perhaps best known to the general public for Higher Superstition (1994), written with Norman Levitt.

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Perspectives on Science

Perspectives on Science is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes contributions to science studies that integrate historical, philosophical, and sociological perspectives.

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Peter Higgs

Peter Ware Higgs (born 29 May 1929) is a British theoretical physicist, emeritus professor in the University of Edinburgh,Griggs, Jessica (Summer 2008) Edit the University of Edinburgh Alumni Magazine, p. 17 and Nobel Prize laureate for his work on the mass of subatomic particles.

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Peter Medawar

Sir Peter Brian Medawar (28 February 1915 – 2 October 1987) was a British biologist born in Brazil, whose work on graft rejection and the discovery of acquired immune tolerance was fundamental to the practice of tissue and organ transplants.

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Peter Singer

Peter Albert David Singer, AC (born 6 July 1946) is an Australian moral philosopher.

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A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).

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Philip Pullman

Philip Pullman CBE, FRSL (born 19 October 1946) is an English novelist.

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Population control

Population control is the practice of artificially maintaining the size of any population.

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Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.

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The president is a common title for the head of state in most republics.

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Prospect (magazine)

Prospect is a monthly British general interest magazine, specialising in politics, economics and current affairs.

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Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be both scientific and factual, but are incompatible with the scientific method.

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Psychology of religion

Strictly speaking, psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to the diverse contents of the religious traditions as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals.

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Public school (United Kingdom)

A public school in England and Wales is a long-established, student-selective, fee-charging independent secondary school that caters primarily for children aged between 11 or 13 and 18, and whose head teacher is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC).

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Puntius is a genus of small freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae native to South Asia and Mainland Southeast Asia, as well as Taiwan.

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A rainbow is a meteorological phenomenon that is caused by reflection, refraction and dispersion of light in water droplets resulting in a spectrum of light appearing in the sky.

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Randolph M. Nesse

Randolph M. Nesse (born 1948) is an American physician and evolutionary biologist.

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Reader (academic rank)

The title of reader in the United Kingdom and some universities in the Commonwealth of Nations, for example India, Australia and New Zealand, denotes an appointment for a senior academic with a distinguished international reputation in research or scholarship.

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Reciprocal altruism

In evolutionary biology, reciprocal altruism is a behaviour whereby an organism acts in a manner that temporarily reduces its fitness while increasing another organism's fitness, with the expectation that the other organism will act in a similar manner at a later time.

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Reductionism is any of several related philosophical ideas regarding the associations between phenomena which can be described in terms of other simpler or more fundamental phenomena.

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Republic (political organisation)

Republic is a British republican pressure group advocating the replacement of the United Kingdom's monarchy with a republic.

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Richard Dawkins Award

The Richard Dawkins Award is an annual award presented by the Atheist Alliance of America to individuals it judges to have raised the public consciousness of atheism.

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Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science

The Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science (RDFRS or RDF) is a division of Center for Inquiry (CFI) founded by British biologist Richard Dawkins in 2006 to promote scientific literacy and secularism.

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Richard Harries, Baron Harries of Pentregarth

Richard Douglas Harries, Baron Harries of Pentregarth, (born 2 June 1936) is a retired bishop of the Church of England and former British Army officer.

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Richard Lewontin

Richard Charles "Dick" Lewontin (born March 29, 1929) is an American evolutionary biologist, mathematician, geneticist, and social commentator.

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Richard Semon

Richard Wolfgang Semon (22 August 1859, Berlin – 27 December 1918, Munich) was a German zoologist and evolutionary biologist, a memory researcher who believed in the inheritance of acquired characters and applied this to social evolution.

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Rights are legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people, according to some legal system, social convention, or ethical theory.

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River Out of Eden

River Out of Eden: A Darwinian View of Life is a 1995 popular science book by Richard Dawkins.

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Robert Trivers

Robert Ludlow "Bob" Trivers (born February 19, 1943) is an American evolutionary biologist and sociobiologist.

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Rohan Pethiyagoda

Rohan David Pethiyagoda (abbreviated to Rohan Pett by deed poll in 2010), is one of Sri Lanka's leading naturalist and a taxonomist on Freshwater fish of Sri Lanka.

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The Rottweiler is a breed of domestic dog, regarded as medium-to-large or large.

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Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea

The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (RBKC) is an inner London borough of royal status.

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Royal Institution Christmas Lectures

The Royal Institution Christmas Lectures are a series of lectures on a single topic each, which have been held at the Royal Institution in London each year since 1825, missing 1939–42 because of the Second World War.

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Royal Philosophical Society of Glasgow

The Royal Philosophical Society of Glasgow is a learned society established in 1802 "for the improvement of the Arts and Sciences" in the city of Glasgow, Scotland.

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Royal Society

The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.

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Royal Society of Literature

The Royal Society of Literature (RSL) is a learned society founded in 1820, by King George IV, to "reward literary merit and excite literary talent".

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Salon (website)

Salon is an American news and opinion website, created by David Talbot in 1995 and currently owned by the Salon Media Group.

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Sam Harris

Sam Benjamin Harris (born April 9, 1967) is an American author, philosopher, neuroscientist, critic of religion, blogger, and podcast host.

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R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.

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Science in the Soul

Science in the Soul: Selected Writings of a Passionate Rationalist is a book of selected essays and other writings by Richard Dawkins published in 2017.

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Secularity (adjective form secular, from Latin saeculum meaning "worldly", "of a generation", "temporal", or a span of about 100 years) is the state of being separate from religion, or of not being exclusively allied with or against any particular religion.

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Semen, also known as seminal fluid, is an organic fluid that may contain spermatozoa.

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Sex, Death and the Meaning of Life

Sex, Death and the Meaning of Life is a three-part television documentary presented by Richard Dawkins which explores what reason and science might offer in major events of human lives.

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Shakespeare Prize

The Shakespeare Prize was an annual prize for writing or performance awarded to a British citizen by the Hamburg Alfred Toepfer Foundation.

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Silver Medal (Zoological Society of London)

The Silver Medal of the Zoological Society of London is "Awarded to a Fellow of the Society or any other person for contributions to the understanding and appreciation of zoology, including such activities as public education in natural history, and wildlife conservation." It was first awarded in 1847.

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Simonyi Professor for the Public Understanding of Science

The Simonyi Professorship for the Public Understanding of Science is a chair at the University of Oxford.

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Skeptic (US magazine)

Skeptic, colloquially known as Skeptic magazine, is a quarterly science education and science advocacy magazine published internationally by The Skeptics Society, a nonprofit organization devoted to promoting scientific skepticism and resisting the spread of pseudoscience, superstition, and irrational beliefs.

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Sociobiology is a field of biology that aims to examine and explain social behavior in terms of evolution.

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Sokal affair

The Sokal affair, also called the Sokal hoax,Derrida (1997) was a scholarly publishing sting perpetrated by Alan Sokal, a physics professor at New York University and University College London.

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Spandrel (biology)

In evolutionary biology, a spandrel is a phenotypic characteristic that is a byproduct of the evolution of some other characteristic, rather than a direct product of adaptive selection.

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Speciesism involves the assignment of different values, rights, or special consideration to individuals solely on the basis of their species membership.

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Spectrum of theistic probability

Popularized by Richard Dawkins in The God Delusion, the spectrum of theistic probability is a way of categorizing one's belief regarding the probability of the existence of a deity.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.

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Stanford University

Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.

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Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake, below the level needed to maintain an organism's life.

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Stephen Hawking

Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author, who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death.

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Stephen Jay Gould

Stephen Jay Gould (September 10, 1941 – May 20, 2002) was an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science.

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Steven Pinker

Steven Arthur Pinker (born September 18, 1954) is a Canadian-American cognitive psychologist, linguist, and popular science author.

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Steven Rose

Steven Peter Russell Rose (born 4 July 1938) is an English neuroscientist, author, and social commentator.

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Steven Weinberg

Steven Weinberg (born May 3, 1933) is an American theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate in Physics for his contributions with Abdus Salam and Sheldon Glashow to the unification of the weak force and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles.

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A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.

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Susan Blackmore

Susan Jane Blackmore (born 29 July 1951) is a British writer, lecturer, sceptic, broadcaster, and a Visiting Professor at the University of Plymouth, in Plymouth.

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Symphonic metal

Symphonic metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music which combines the heavy drums and guitars of metal with different elements of orchestral classical music, such as symphonic instruments, choirs and sometimes a full orchestra.

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Tanner Lectures on Human Values

The Tanner Lectures on Human Values is a multiversity lecture series in the humanities, founded in 1978, at Clare Hall, Cambridge University, by the American scholar Obert Clark Tanner.

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Teleological argument

The teleological or physico-theological argument, also known as the argument from design, or intelligent design argument is an argument for the existence of God or, more generally, for an intelligent creator based on perceived evidence of deliberate design in the natural world.

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Terry Eagleton

Terence Francis "Terry" Eagleton FBA (born 22 February 1943) is a British literary theorist, critic and public intellectual.

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The Ancestor's Tale

The Ancestor's Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life is a 2004 popular science book by Richard Dawkins, with contributions from Dawkins' research assistant Yan Wong.

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The Atheism Tapes

The Atheism Tapes is a 2004 BBC television documentary series presented by Jonathan Miller.

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The Big Question (TV series)

The Big Question is a five-part science documentary television series broadcast in the United Kingdom on the Five channel, beginning January 2004 and continuing into 2005.

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The Blind Watchmaker

The Blind Watchmaker: Why the Evidence of Evolution Reveals a Universe without Design is a 1986 book by Richard Dawkins, in which the author presents an explanation of, and argument for, the theory of evolution by means of natural selection.

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The Blind Watchmaker (film)

The Blind Watchmaker is a documentary where Richard Dawkins challenges William Paley's theories on creationism and takes on Paley's descendants.

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The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.

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The Enemies of Reason

The Enemies of Reason is a two-part television documentary, written and presented by evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins, in which he seeks to expose "those areas of belief that exist without scientific proof, yet manage to hold the nation under their spell", including mediumship, acupuncture and psychokinesis.

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The Extended Phenotype

The Extended Phenotype is a 1982 book by Richard Dawkins, in which the author introduced a biological concept of the same name.

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The Genius of Charles Darwin

The Genius of Charles Darwin is a three-part television documentary, written and presented by evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins.

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The God Delusion

The God Delusion is a 2006 best-selling non-fiction book by English biologist Richard Dawkins, a professorial fellow at New College, Oxford and former holder of the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford.

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The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution

The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution is a 2009 book by British biologist Richard Dawkins, which was released on 3 September 2009 in the UK and on 22 September 2009 in the US.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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The Independent

The Independent is a British online newspaper.

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The Magic of Reality

The Magic of Reality: How We Know What's Really True is a 2011 book by the British biologist Richard Dawkins, with illustrations by Dave McKean.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The Root of All Evil?

The Root of All Evil?, later retitled The God Delusion, is a television documentary written and presented by Richard Dawkins in which he argues that humanity would be better off without religion or belief in God.

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The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene is a 1976 book on evolution by Richard Dawkins, in which the author builds upon the principal theory of George C. Williams's Adaptation and Natural Selection (1966).

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The Simpsons

The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.

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The Social Conquest of Earth

The Social Conquest of Earth is a 2012 non-fiction book by biologist Edward O. Wilson.

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The Stolen Earth

"The Stolen Earth" is the twelfth episode of the fourth series and the 750th overall episode of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who.

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The Sunday Telegraph

The Sunday Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper, founded in February 1961, and is published by the Telegraph Media Group, a division of Press Holdings.

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The Unbelievers

The Unbelievers is a 2013 documentary film that follows Richard Dawkins and Lawrence Krauss as they speak publicly around the globe about the importance of science and reason in the modern world, encouraging others to cast off religious and politically motivated approaches toward what they think to be important current issues.

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Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.

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Theoretical physics

Theoretical physics is a branch of physics that employs mathematical models and abstractions of physical objects and systems to rationalize, explain and predict natural phenomena.

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Third Way (magazine)

Third Way was a British current affairs magazine written from a Christian perspective.

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Thomas Henry Huxley

Thomas Henry Huxley (4 May 1825 – 29 June 1895) was an English biologist specialising in comparative anatomy.

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Time (magazine)

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.

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Transworld Publishers

Transworld Publishers Inc. is a British publishing house in Ealing, London that is a division of Penguin Random House, one of the world's largest mass media groups.

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Trident (UK nuclear programme)

Trident, also known as the Trident nuclear programme or Trident nuclear deterrent, covers the development, procurement and operation of nuclear weapons in the United Kingdom and their means of delivery.

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Truth in Science

Truth in Science is a United Kingdom-based creationist organization which promotes the Discovery Institute's "Teach the Controversy" campaign, which it uses to try to get pseudoscientific intelligent design creationism taught alongside evolution in school science lessons.

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Unit of selection

A unit of selection is a biological entity within the hierarchy of biological organization (for example, an entity such as: a self-replicating molecule, a gene, a cell, an organism, a group, or a species) that is subject to natural selection.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Kingdom general election, 2010

The 2010 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 6 May 2010, with 45,597,461 registered voters entitled to vote to elect members to the House of Commons.

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United Kingdom general election, 2017

The 2017 United Kingdom general election took place on Thursday 8 June, having been announced just under two months earlier by Prime Minister Theresa May on 18 April 2017 after it was discussed at cabinet.

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The Universe is all of space and time and their contents, including planets, stars, galaxies, and all other forms of matter and energy.

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University of Aberdeen

The University of Aberdeen is a public research university in Aberdeen, Scotland.

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University of Antwerp

The University of Antwerp (Universiteit Antwerpen) is one of the major Belgian universities located in the city of Antwerp.

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University of California, Berkeley

The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.

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University of Huddersfield

The University of Huddersfield (informally Huddersfield University) is a public university located in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, England.

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University of Hull

The University of Hull is a public research university in Kingston upon Hull, a city in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.

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University of Oslo

The University of Oslo (Universitetet i Oslo), until 1939 named the Royal Frederick University (Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet), is the oldest university in Norway, located in the Norwegian capital of Oslo.

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University of Oxford

The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.

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University of St Andrews

The University of St Andrews (informally known as St Andrews University or simply St Andrews; abbreviated as St And, from the Latin Sancti Andreae, in post-nominals) is a British public research university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.

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University of Valencia

The University of Valencia (Universitat de València; also known by the acronym UV) is a university located in the Spanish city of Valencia.

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University of Westminster

The University of Westminster is a public university in London, United Kingdom.

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Unweaving the Rainbow

Unweaving the Rainbow: Science, Delusion and the Appetite for Wonder is a 1998 book by Richard Dawkins, in which the author discusses the relationship between science and the arts from the perspective of a scientist.

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Vehicle of Spirit

Vehicle of Spirit is a video and audio release from Finnish symphonic metal band Nightwish.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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Vrije Universiteit Brussel

The Vrije Universiteit Brussel is a Dutch-speaking university located in Brussels, Belgium.

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W. D. Hamilton

William Donald Hamilton, FRS (1 August 1936 – 7 March 2000) was an English evolutionary biologist, widely recognised as one of the most significant evolutionary theorists of the 20th century.

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W. W. Norton & Company


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Watchmaker analogy

The watchmaker analogy or watchmaker argument is a teleological argument which states, by way of an analogy, that a design implies a designer.

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Weidenfeld & Nicolson

Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd (established 1948), often shortened to W&N or Weidenfeld, is a British publisher of fiction and reference books.

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Why I Am Not a Christian

Why I Am Not a Christian is an essay by the British philosopher Bertrand Russell.

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William Paley

William Paley (July 1743 – 25 May 1805) was an English clergyman, Christian apologist, philosopher, and utilitarian.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Young Earth creationism

Young Earth creationism (YEC) is a form of creationism, a religious belief, which holds that the universe, Earth, and all life on Earth were created by direct acts of God less than 10,000 years ago.

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The Zeitgeist is a concept from 18th to 19th-century German philosophy, translated as "spirit of the age" or "spirit of the times".

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Zoological Society of London

The Zoological Society of London (ZSL) is a charity devoted to the worldwide conservation of animals and their habitats.

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Zoology or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.

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2003 invasion of Iraq

The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).

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3 Quarks Daily

3 Quarks Daily (3QD) is an online news aggregator and blog that curates commentary, essays, and multimedia from high quality periodicals, newspapers, journals, and blogs.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Dawkins

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