359 relations: A Communication to My Friends, A Dangerous Method, Adolf Hitler, Aesthetics, Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Alan Badel, Alex Ross (music critic), Alexander Müller (composer), Alexander von Zemlinsky, Analytical psychology, Anarchism, Ancient Greece, Angina, Antisemitism, Anton Bruckner, Apocalypse Now, Apollonian and Dionysian, Aria, Arnold Schoenberg, Arthur de Gobineau, Arthur Schopenhauer, Assumption of the Virgin (Titian), Athenian festivals, Atonality, Aubrey Beardsley, August Röckel, Autobiographic Sketch (Wagner), Édouard Dujardin, Baptism, Bavaria, Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art, Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste, Bayreuth, Bayreuth canon, Bayreuth Festival, Bayreuth Festspielhaus, Bayreuther Blätter, Biebrich (Wiesbaden), Biographical film, Brühl (Leipzig), Bridal Chorus, Brigitte François-Sappey, Bryan Magee, Buddhism, Ca' Vendramin Calergi, Camille Saint-Saëns, Carl Froelich, Carl Maria von Weber, Carrie Pringle, César Franck, ..., Charles Baudelaire, Charles-Valentin Alkan, Children's Corner, Choir, Christian Theodor Weinlig, Chromaticism, Claude Debussy, Constipation, Cosima Wagner, D. H. Lawrence, Dachau concentration camp, Das Judenthum in der Musik, Das Liebesmahl der Apostel, Das Liebesverbot, Das Rheingold, David Conway (music historian), David Cronenberg, Decadent movement, Der Freischütz, Der Ring des Nibelungen, Der Ring des Nibelungen: Composition of the poem, Die Feen, Die Hochzeit, Die Laune des Verliebten, Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, Die Sieger, Die Walküre, Dieter Borchmeyer, Dogma, Dramatic soprano, Dresden, Dresdner Kreuzchor, Duden, Eduard Hanslick, Edvard Grieg, Ernest Chausson, Ernest Newman, Eva Wagner-Pasquier, Excalibur (film), Extermination camp, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Faust Overture, Fayard, Felix Mendelssohn, Felix Mottl, Ferdinand Hiller, Fidelio, Film score, Francis Ford Coppola, Franz Liszt, Friedrich Engels, Friedrich Nietzsche, Gérard de Nerval, Götterdämmerung, Geoffrey Skelton, Georg Groddeck, Georg Herwegh, George Bernard Shaw, George Richard Marek, German Empire, German nationalism, Germanic mythology, Gesamtkunstwerk, Gewandhaus, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Gioachino Rossini, Giuseppe Becce, Gondola, Gothic fiction, Gottfried Semper, Grand Canal (Venice), Grand opera, Gustav Mahler, Hanns Eisler, Hans Pfitzner, Hans Richter (conductor), Hans Sachs, Hans von Bülow, Hans von Wolzogen, Hans-Jürgen Syberberg, Harmony, Heavy metal music, Hector Berlioz, Heinrich Heine, Henri Duparc (composer), Hermann Levi, Hesse, Hitler: A Film from Germany, Hochschule für Musik und Tanz Köln, Holy Grail, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Hugo Wolf, I Capuleti e i Montecchi, Ignaz Moscheles, International Association of Wagner Societies, James Joyce, Jean-Jacques Nattiez, Jewish quarter (diaspora), Jockey-Club de Paris, Joey DeMaio, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johannes Brahms, John Boorman, John Deathridge, Jonathan Harvey (composer), Joris-Karl Huysmans, Judith Gautier, Jules Massenet, Katharina Wagner, Königsberg, Kingdom of Saxony, Klaus Schulze, Kreuzschule, Laibach, Lake Lucerne, Lars von Trier, Le Figaro, Left-wing politics, Leipzig, Leipzig University, Leitmotif, Les lauriers sont coupés, Leubald, Libretto, List of Cambridge Companions to Music, Lisztomania (film), Lohengrin (opera), Lohengrin discography, Ludwig (film), Ludwig Feuerbach, Ludwig Geyer, Ludwig II of Bavaria, Ludwig van Beethoven, Lyndon Brook, Magdeburg, Magic Fire, Mainz, Major depressive disorder, Malvina Garrigues, Manowar, Marcel Proust, Marie d'Agoult, Martin Gregor-Dellin, Mathilde Wesendonck, Matter of Britain, Maurice Schlesinger, May Uprising in Dresden, Männerlist größer als Frauenlist, Measure for Measure, Mein Leben (Wagner), Melancholia (2011 film), Michael Kennedy (music critic), Middle High German, Mikhail Bakunin, Minna Planer, Miscegenation, Modernism (music), Monologue, Munich, Music school, Napoleon III, National Theatre Munich, Nationalism, Nazism, New German School, Nibelung, Nibelungenlied, Nietzsche contra Wagner, Norse mythology, Number (music), Old Norse, On the Genealogy of Morality, Opera and Drama, Opera house, Orchestration, Ouvertüre zum "Fliegenden Holländer", wie sie eine schlechte Kurkapelle morgens um 7 am Brunnen vom Blatt spielt, Overture, Palace, Palazzo Giustinian, Parsifal, Paul Hindemith, Paul Nicholas, Paul Verlaine, Pauline von Metternich, Pedro II of Brazil, Phil Spector, Piano sonata, Pierre Louÿs, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Playing by ear, Poetic Edda, Polemic, Political prisoner, Psychoanalysis, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Queen Victoria, Racism, Rainer Maria Rilke, Rammstein, Reactionary, Realism (theatre), Requiem (Mozart), Rhine, Richard Burton, Richard Strauss, Richard Taruskin, Richard Wagner Foundation, Ride of the Valkyries, Rienzi, Riga, Robert Donington, Roger Scruton, Romain Rolland, Romanticism, Royal Philharmonic Society, Russian Empire, Scale (music), Schott Music, Shingles, Siegfried (opera), Siegfried Idyll, Siegfried Wagner, Sigmund Freud, Sigurd, Singspiel, Slavoj Žižek, Slovenia, Socialism, Song Without End, St. Thomas Church, Leipzig, Stéphane Mallarmé, Stern (magazine), Studentenverbindung, Susan Sontag, Symbolism (arts), Symphony in C major (Wagner), Symphony No. 7 (Beethoven), Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven), T. S. Eliot, Tannhäuser (opera), Tannhäuser discography, Téodor de Wyzewa, Tetralogy, Texture (music), Thaler, The Artwork of the Future, The Birth of Tragedy, The Case of Wagner, The Condition of the Working Class in England, The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, The Flying Dutchman (opera), The Flying Dutchman discography, The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century, The Musical Times, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The New York Review of Books, The Perfect Wagnerite, The Rest Is Noise, The Waste Land, The World as Will and Representation, Theodor W. Adorno, Thomas Mann, Thomaskantor, Timewind, Titian, Tonality, Tragheim Church, Trevor Howard, Trevor Jones (composer), Tribschen, Tristan and Iseult, Tristan chord, Tristan und Isolde, Typhus, Under the Sign of Saturn, University of Music and Theatre Leipzig, University of Würzburg, Untimely Meditations, Valkyrie, Völsunga saga, Venice, Verismo (music), Vincenzo Bellini, Visual arts, W. H. Auden, Wagner (film), Wagner controversies, Wagner Dream, Wagner family tree, Wagner-Werk-Verzeichnis, Wahnfried, Wall of Sound, Walter Benjamin, War of the Romantics, Würzburg, Wedding music, Weimar, Wesendonck Lieder, Wieland Wagner, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Wilhelmine Schröder-Devrient, William I, German Emperor, William Shakespeare, Winifred Wagner, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Wolfgang Wagner, World War II, Zürich. Expand index (309 more) » « Shrink index
"Eine Mittheilung an meine Freunde", usually referred to in English by its translated title (from German) of "A Communication to My Friends", is an extensive autobiographical work by Richard Wagner, published in 1851, in which he sought to justify his innovative concepts on the future of opera in general, and his own proposed works in particular.
A Dangerous Method is a 2011 German-Canadian historical film directed by David Cronenberg and starring Keira Knightley, Viggo Mortensen, Michael Fassbender, and Vincent Cassel.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
The Academy of Sciences and Literature ('Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur Mainz, AdW Mainz') is a scientific academy in Mainz, Germany.
Alan Fernand Badel (11 September 1923 – 19 March 1982) was an English stage actor who also appeared frequently in the cinema, radio and television and was noted for his richly textured voice which was once described as "the sound of tears".
Alex Ross (born 1968) is an American music critic.
Alexander Müller (1808 - 28 January 1863) was a German pianist, teacher, conductor and composer.
Alexander Zemlinsky or Alexander von Zemlinsky (14 October 1871 – 15 March 1942) was an Austrian composer, conductor, and teacher.
Analytical psychology (sometimes analytic psychology), also called Jungian psychology, is a school of psychotherapy which originated in the ideas of Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Angina, also known as angina pectoris, is chest pain or pressure, usually due to not enough blood flow to the heart muscle.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
Josef Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist best known for his symphonies, masses, Te Deum and motets.
Apocalypse Now is a 1979 American epic war film directed, produced, and co-written by Francis Ford Coppola.
The Apollonian and Dionysian is a philosophical and literary concept, or dichotomy, loosely based on Apollo and Dionysus in Greek mythology.
An aria (air; plural: arie, or arias in common usage, diminutive form arietta or ariette) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
Count Joseph Arthur de Gobineau (14 July 1816 – 13 October 1882) was a French aristocrat who is best known today for helping to legitimise racism by use of scientific racist theory and "racial demography" and for his developing the theory of the Aryan master race.
Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher.
The Assumption of the Virgin or Frari Assumption is a large altarpiece panel painting in oils by the Italian Renaissance artist Titian, painted in 1515–18.
The festival calendar of Classical Athens involved the staging of a large number of festivals each year.
Atonality in its broadest sense is music that lacks a tonal center, or key.
Aubrey Vincent Beardsley (21 August 187216 March 1898) was an English illustrator and author.
Carl August Röckel (1 December 1814 – 18 June 1876) was a German composer and conductor.
Richard Wagner's "Autobiographic Sketch" (in the original German, Autobiographische Skizze) was written in 1842.
Édouard Dujardin (10 November 1861 – 31 October 1949) was a French writer, one of the early users of the stream of consciousness literary technique, exemplified by his 1888 novel Les Lauriers sont coupés.
Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
The Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art (German: Bayerischer Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst) was first established on 28 November 1853 by King Maximilian II. von Bayern.
Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste in München (Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts) is an association of renowned personalities in Munich, Bavaria.
Bayreuth (Bavarian: Bareid) is a medium-sized town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Franconian Jura and the Fichtelgebirge Mountains.
The Bayreuth canon consists of those operas by the German composer Richard Wagner (1813–1883) that have been performed at the Bayreuth Festival.
The Bayreuth Festival (Bayreuther Festspiele) is a music festival held annually in Bayreuth, Germany, at which performances of operas by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner are presented.
The Bayreuth Festspielhaus or Bayreuth Festival Theatre (Bayreuther Festspielhaus) is an opera house north of Bayreuth, Germany, dedicated solely to the performance of stage works by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner.
Bayreuther Blätter (German: Bayreuth pages) was a monthly newsletter founded in 1878 by its editor Hans von Wolzogen, with the encouragement of Richard Wagner, for visitors to the Bayreuth Festival, which celebrates Wagner's operas.
Biebrich is a borough of the city of Wiesbaden, Hesse, Germany.
A biographical film, or biopic (abbreviation for biographical motion picture), is a film that dramatizes the life of a non-fictional or historically-based person or people.
The is a street in Leipzig, Germany, just within the former city wall.
The "Bridal Chorus" from the 1850 opera Lohengrin by German composer Richard Wagner is a march played for the bride's entrance at many formal weddings throughout the Western world.
Brigitte François-Sappey (born 21 January 1944) is a French musicologist, educator, radio producer, and lecturer.
Bryan Edgar Magee (born 12 April 1930) is a British philosopher, broadcaster, politician, author, and poet, best known as a popularizer of philosophy.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Ca' Vendramin Calergi is a palace on the Grand Canal in the sestiere (quarter) of Cannaregio in Venice, northern Italy.
Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (9 October 183516 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era.
Carl August Hugo Froelich (5 September 1875 – 12 February 1953) was a German film pioneer and film director.
Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber (18 or 19 November 1786 5 June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, and was one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.
Carrie Pringle (Caroline Mary Isabelle Pringle) (19 March 1859 – 12 November 1930) was an Austrian-born British soprano singer.
César-Auguste-Jean-Guillaume-Hubert Franck (10 December 1822 – 8 November 1890) was a composer, pianist, organist, and music teacher who worked in Paris during his adult life.
Charles Pierre Baudelaire (April 9, 1821 – August 31, 1867) was a French poet who also produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe.
Charles-Valentin Alkan (30 November 1813 – 29 March 1888) was a French-Jewish composer and virtuoso pianist.
Children's Corner, L. 113, is a 6-movement suite for solo piano by Claude Debussy.
A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.
Christian Theodor Weinlig (July 25, 1780 – March 7, 1842) was a German music teacher, composer, and choir conductor in Dresden and Leipzig.
Chromaticism is a compositional technique interspersing the primary diatonic pitches and chords with other pitches of the chromatic scale.
Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.
Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass.
Cosima Wagner (born Francesca Gaetana Cosima Liszt; 24 December 1837 – 1 April 1930) was the illegitimate daughter of the Hungarian pianist and composer Franz Liszt and Marie d'Agoult.
Herman Melville, Friedrich Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer, Lev Shestov, Walt Whitman | influenced.
Dachau concentration camp (Konzentrationslager (KZ) Dachau) was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany, intended to hold political prisoners.
"Das Judenthum in der Musik" (German for "Jewishness in Music", but normally translated Judaism in Music; spelled after its first publications, according to modern German spelling practice, as ‘Judentum’) is an essay by Richard Wagner which attacks Jews in general and the composers Giacomo Meyerbeer and Felix Mendelssohn in particular.
Das Liebesmahl der Apostel (1843) WWV 69 (in English The Feast of Pentecost, "The Love-Meal of the Apostles") is a piece for orchestra and male choruses by Richard Wagner.
(The Ban on Love, WWV 38), is an early comic opera in two acts by Richard Wagner, with the libretto written by the composer after Shakespeare's Measure for Measure.
Das Rheingold (The Rhinegold), WWV 86A, is the first of the four music dramas that constitute Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen, or in English, 'The Ring of the Nibelung'.
David Allen Conway (born 17 February 1950) is a British music historian.
David Paul Cronenberg, (born March 15, 1943) is a Canadian director, screenwriter and actor.
The Decadent Movement was a late 19th-century artistic and literary movement, centered in Western Europe, that followed an aesthetic ideology of excess and artificiality.
, Op. 77, J. 277, (usually translated as The Marksman or The Freeshooter) is a German opera with spoken dialogue in three acts by Carl Maria von Weber with a libretto by Friedrich Kind.
(The Ring of the Nibelung), WWV 86, is a cycle of four German-language epic music dramas composed by Richard Wagner.
The evolution of Richard Wagner's operatic tetralogy Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung) was a long and tortuous process, and the precise sequence of events which led the composer to embark upon such a vast undertaking is still unclear.
Die Feen (The Fairies) is an opera in three acts by Richard Wagner.
Die Hochzeit (The Wedding, WWV 31) is an unfinished opera by Richard Wagner which predates his completed works in the genre.
Die Laune des Verliebten (The Mood of the One in Love) was Richard Wagner's first attempt at an opera project.
("The Master-Singers of Nuremberg") is a music drama (or opera) in three acts, written and composed by Richard Wagner.
Die Sieger (The Victors; WWV 89), is a draft sketch for an opera text by Richard Wagner.
Die Walküre (The Valkyrie), WWV 86B, is an opera in three acts by Richard Wagner with a German libretto by the composer.
Dieter Borchmeyer (born 3 May 1941 in Recklinghausen) is a German literary critic.
The term dogma is used in pejorative and non-pejorative senses.
A dramatic soprano is a type of operatic soprano with a powerful, rich, emotive voice that can sing over, or cut through, a full orchestra.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
The Dresdner Kreuzchor is the boys' choir of the Kreuzkirche in Dresden.
The Duden is a dictionary of the German language, first published by Konrad Duden in 1880.
Eduard Hanslick (11 September 18256 August 1904) was a German Bohemian music critic.
Edvard Hagerup Grieg (15 June 18434 September 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist.
Amédée-Ernest Chausson (20 January 1855 – 10 June 1899) was a French romantic composer who died just as his career was beginning to flourish.
Ernest Newman (30 November 1868 – 7 July 1959) was an English music critic and musicologist.
Eva Wagner-Pasquier (born 14 April 1945 in Oberwarmensteinach) is a German opera manager.
Excalibur is a 1981 American epic fantasy film directed, produced, and co-written by John Boorman that retells the legend of King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table, based on the 15th-century Arthurian romance Le Morte d'Arthur by Thomas Malory.
Nazi Germany built extermination camps (also called death camps or killing centers) during the Holocaust in World War II, to systematically kill millions of Jews, Slavs, Communists, and others whom the Nazis considered "Untermenschen" ("subhumans").
Farrar, Straus and Giroux (FSG) is an American book publishing company, founded in 1946 by Roger W. Straus, Jr. and John C. Farrar.
The Faust Overture is a concert overture by German composer Richard Wagner.
Fayard (complete name: Librairie Arthème Fayard) is a French Paris-based publishing house established in 1857.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.
right Felix Josef von Mottl (between 29 July/29 August 1856 – 2 July 1911) was an Austrian conductor and composer.
Ferdinand (von) Hiller (24 October 1811 – 11 May 1885) was a German composer, conductor, writer and music-director.
Fidelio (originally titled; English: Leonore, or The Triumph of Marital Love), Op.
A film score (also sometimes called background score, background music, film soundtrack, film music, or incidental music) is original music written specifically to accompany a film.
Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter and film composer.
Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. 22 October 181131 July 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary during the Romantic era.
Friedrich Engels (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.;, sometimes anglicised Frederick Engels; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist and businessman.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.
Gérard de Nerval (22 May 1808 – 26 January 1855) was the nom-de-plume of the French writer, poet, essayist and translator Gérard Labrunie.
(Twilight of the Gods), WWV 86D, is the last in Richard Wagner's cycle of four music dramas titled Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung, or The Ring for short).
Geoffrey David Skelton (1916–1998) was a British author and translator.
Georg Groddeck (13 October 1866 in Bad Kösen – 10 June 1934 in Knonau, near Zurich) was a physician and writer regarded as a pioneer of psychosomatic medicine.
Georg Friedrich Rudolph Theodor Herwegh (31 May 1817 – 7 April 1875) was a German poet,Herwegh, Georg, The Columbia Encyclopedia (2008) who is considered part of the Young Germany movement.
George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.
George Richard Marek (13 July 1902 – 7 January 1987) was an American music executive and author of biographies of classical composers.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
German nationalism is the nationalist idea that Germans are a nation, promotes the unity of Germans and German-speakers into a nation state, and emphasizes and takes pride in the national identity of Germans.
Germanic mythology consists of the body of myths native to the Germanic peoples.
A Gesamtkunstwerk (translated as "total work of art", "ideal work of art", "universal artwork", "synthesis of the arts", "comprehensive artwork", "all-embracing art form" or "total artwork") is a work of art that makes use of all or many art forms or strives to do so.
Gewandhaus is a concert hall in Leipzig, Germany, the home of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra.
Giacomo Meyerbeer (born Jacob Liebmann Beer; 5 September 1791 – 2 May 1864) was a German opera composer of Jewish birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful stage composer of the nineteenth century.
Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.
Giuseppe Becce (February 3, 1877 – October 5, 1973) was an Italian-born film score composer who enriched the German cinema.
The gondola is a traditional, flat-bottomed Venetian rowing boat, well suited to the conditions of the Venetian lagoon.
Gothic fiction, which is largely known by the subgenre of Gothic horror, is a genre or mode of literature and film that combines fiction and horror, death, and at times romance.
Gottfried Semper (29 November 1803 – 15 May 1879) was a German architect, art critic, and professor of architecture, who designed and built the Semper Opera House in Dresden between 1838 and 1841.
The Grand Canal (Canal Grande; Canal Grando, anciently Canałasso) is a channel in Venice, Italy.
Grand opera is a genre of 19th-century opera generally in four or five acts, characterized by large-scale casts and orchestras, and (in their original productions) lavish and spectacular design and stage effects, normally with plots based on or around dramatic historic events.
Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.
Hanns Eisler (6 July 1898 – 6 September 1962) was an Austrian composer (his father was Austrian, and Eisler fought in a Hungarian regiment in World War I).
Hans Erich Pfitzner (5 May 1869 – 22 May 1949) was a German composer and self-described anti-modernist.
Hans Richter (János Richter) (4 April 18435 December 1916) was an Austrian–Hungarian orchestral and operatic conductor.
Hans Sachs (5 November 1494 – 19 January 1576) was a German Meistersinger ("mastersinger"), poet, playwright, and shoemaker.
Baron Hans Guido von Bülow (January 8, 1830February 12, 1894) was a German conductor, virtuoso pianist, and composer of the Romantic era.
Baron Hans Paul von Wolzogen (13 November 1848 in Potsdam – 2 June 1938 in Bayreuth), was a German man of letters, editor and publisher.
Hans-Jürgen Syberberg (born 8 December 1935) is a German film director, whose best known film is his lengthy feature Hitler: A Film from Germany.
In music, harmony considers the process by which the composition of individual sounds, or superpositions of sounds, is analysed by hearing.
Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom.
Louis-Hector Berlioz; 11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique, Harold en Italie, Roméo et Juliette, Grande messe des morts (Requiem), L'Enfance du Christ, Benvenuto Cellini, La Damnation de Faust, and Les Troyens. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 compositions for voice, accompanied by piano or orchestra. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, and Gustav Mahler.
Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (13 December 1797 – 17 February 1856) was a German poet, journalist, essayist, and literary critic.
Eugène Marie Henri Fouques Duparc (21 January 1848 – 12 February 1933) was a French composer of the late Romantic period.
Hermann Levi (7 November 1839 – 13 May 1900) was a German Jewish orchestral conductor.
Hesse or Hessia (Hessen, Hessian dialect: Hesse), officially the State of Hesse (German: Land Hessen) is a federal state (''Land'') of the Federal Republic of Germany, with just over six million inhabitants.
Hitler: A Film from Germany (Hitler, ein Film aus Deutschland), called Our Hitler in the US, is a 1977 Franco-British-German experimental film directed by Hans-Jürgen Syberberg, produced by Bernd Eichinger, and co-produced by the BBC.
The Cologne University of Music is a music college in Cologne, and Europe's largest academy of music.
The Holy Grail is a vessel that serves as an important motif in Arthurian literature.
Houston Stewart Chamberlain (9 September 1855 – 9 January 1927) was a British-born German philosopher who wrote works about political philosophy and natural science; he is described by Michael D. Biddiss, a contributor to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, as a "racialist writer".
Hugo Philipp Jacob Wolf (13 March 1860 – 22 February 1903) was an Austrian composer of Slovene origin, particularly noted for his art songs, or Lieder.
I Capuleti e i Montecchi (The Capulets and the Montagues) is an Italian opera (Tragedia lirica) in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini.
(Isaac) Ignaz Moscheles (23 May 1794 – 10 March 1870) was a Bohemian composer and piano virtuoso, whose career after his early years was based initially in London, and later at Leipzig, where he joined his friend and sometime pupil Felix Mendelssohn as Professor of Piano at the Conservatoire.
The International Association of Wagner Societies (Der Richard-Wagner-Verband International e.V., also known as "Der RWVI") is an affiliation of Wagner societies (Richard Wagner-Verband) that promotes interest and research into the works of Richard Wagner, raises funds for scholarships for young music students, singers, and instrumentalists, and supports the annual Bayreuth Festival.
James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.
Jean-Jacques Nattiez (born December 30, 1945, Amiens, France) is a musical semiologist or semiotician and professor of musicology at the Université de Montréal.
In the Jewish diaspora, a Jewish quarter (also known as jewry, juiverie, Judengasse, Jewynstreet, or proto-ghetto) is the area of a city traditionally inhabited by Jews.
The Jockey Club de Paris is a traditional gentlemen's club and is regarded as one of the most prestigious private clubs in Paris.
Joey DeMaio (born March 6, 1954) is an American bass player and main songwriter for the heavy metal band Manowar which he founded in 1980.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
John Boorman, CBE (born 18 January 1933) is an English filmmaker who is best known for his feature films such as Point Blank, Hell in the Pacific, Deliverance, Zardoz, Excalibur, The Emerald Forest, Hope and Glory, The General, The Tailor of Panama and Queen and Country.
John Deathridge (born in Birmingham, 21 October 1944) is a British musicologist.
Jonathan Dean Harvey (3 May 1939 – 4 December 2012) was a British composer.
Charles-Marie-Georges Huysmans (5 February 1848 in Paris – 12 May 1907 in Paris) was a French novelist and art critic who published his works as Joris-Karl Huysmans (variably abbreviated as J. K. or J.-K.). He is most famous for the novel À rebours (1884, published in English as Against the Grain or Against Nature).
Judith Gautier (25 August 1845, Paris – 26 December 1917) was a French poet and historical novelist, the daughter of Théophile Gautier and Ernesta Grisi, sister of the noted singer and ballet dancer Carlotta Grisi.
Jules Émile Frédéric Massenet (12 May 184213 August 1912) was a French composer of the Romantic era best known for his operas, of which he wrote more than thirty.
Katharina Wagner (born 21 May 1978 in Bayreuth) is a German opera stage-director and co-director of the Bayreuth Festival.
Königsberg is the name for a former German city that is now Kaliningrad, Russia.
The Kingdom of Saxony (Königreich Sachsen), lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Napoleonic through post-Napoleonic Germany.
Klaus Schulze (born 4 August 1947) is a German electronic music composer and musician.
The Kreuzschule (English: School of the Cross) in Dresden (also known by its Latin name schola crucis) is the oldest surviving school in Dresden and one of the oldest in Germany.
Laibach is a Slovenian avant-garde music group associated with the industrial, martial, and neo-classical genres.
Lake Lucerne (Vierwaldstättersee, literally "Lake of the Four Forested Settlements", lac des Quatre-Cantons, lago dei Quattro Cantoni) is a lake in central Switzerland and the fourth largest in the country.
Lars von Trier (born Lars Trier; 30 April 1956) is a Danish film director and screenwriter with a prolific and controversial career spanning almost four decades.
Le Figaro is a French daily morning newspaper founded in 1826 and published in Paris.
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
Leipzig University (Universität Leipzig), in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, is one of the world's oldest universities and the second-oldest university (by consecutive years of existence) in Germany.
A leitmotif or leitmotiv is a "short, constantly recurring musical phrase"Kennedy (1987), Leitmotiv associated with a particular person, place, or idea.
Les lauriers sont coupés ("The laurels are cut") is an 1887 novel by French author Édouard Dujardin, first published in the magazine Revue Indépendante.
Leubald was an attempt by the youthful Richard Wagner to write a tragic drama in the Shakespearean genre.
A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical.
The Cambridge Companions to Music form a book series published by Cambridge University Press.
Lisztomania is a 1975 film by Ken Russell about the nineteenth century composer Franz Liszt.
Lohengrin, WWV 75, is a Romantic opera in three acts composed and written by Richard Wagner, first performed in 1850.
This is a partial discography of Lohengrin, an opera by Richard Wagner.
Ludwig is a 1973 film directed by Italian director Luchino Visconti about the life and death of King Ludwig II of Bavaria.
Ludwig Andreas von Feuerbach (28 July 1804 – 13 September 1872) was a German philosopher and anthropologist best known for his book The Essence of Christianity, which provided a critique of Christianity which strongly influenced generations of later thinkers, including Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Richard Wagner, and Friedrich Nietzsche.
Ludwig Heinrich Christian Geyer (21 January 1779 – 30 September 1821) was a German actor, playwright, and painter.
Ludwig II (Ludwig Otto Friedrich Wilhelm; Louis Otto Frederick William; 25 August 1845 – 13 June 1886) was King of Bavaria from 1864 until his death in 1886.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Lyndon Brook (10 April 1926 – 9 January 2004) was a British actor, on film and television.
Magdeburg (Low Saxon: Meideborg) is the capital city and the second largest city of the state of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Magic Fire is a 1955 biographical film about the life of composer Richard Wagner, released by Republic Pictures.
Satellite view of Mainz (south of the Rhine) and Wiesbaden Mainz (Mogontiacum, Mayence) is the capital and largest city of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Malvina Garrigues, later Malvina Schnorr von Carolsfeld (7 December 18258 February 1904) was a Portuguese operatic soprano who was born in Denmark and made her career in Germany.
Manowar is an American heavy metal band from Auburn, New York.
Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (10 July 1871 – 18 November 1922), known as Marcel Proust, was a French novelist, critic, and essayist best known for his monumental novel À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time; earlier rendered as Remembrance of Things Past), published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927.
Marie Catherine Sophie, Comtesse d'Agoult (31 December 18055 March 1876), was a French romantic author, known also by her pen name, Daniel Stern.
Martin Gregor-Dellin (real name Martin Gustav Schmidt) was a German writer noted for his scholarship on the composer Richard Wagner.
Mathilde Wesendonck (23 December 182831 August 1902) was a German poet and author.
The Matter of Britain is the body of Medieval literature and legendary material associated with Great Britain, and sometimes Brittany, and the legendary kings and heroes associated with it, particularly King Arthur.
Moritz Adolf Schlesinger (30 October 1798 in Berlin - 25 February 1871 in Baden-Baden), generally known during his French career as Maurice Schlesinger, was a German music editor.
The May Uprising took place in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony in 1849; it was one of the last of the series of events known as the Revolutions of 1848.
Männerlist größer als Frauenlist oder Die glückliche Bärenfamilie (Men Are More Cunning Than Women, or The Happy Bear Family; WWV 48) is an unfinished Singspiel by Richard Wagner, written between 1837 and 1838.
Measure for Measure is a play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1603 or 1604.
Mein Leben (German, My Life) is the title given by the composer Richard Wagner to his autobiography, covering the years from his birth in 1813 to 1864.
Melancholia is a 2011 science fiction art film written and directed by Lars von Trier and starring Kirsten Dunst, Charlotte Gainsbourg, Alexander Skarsgård, Cameron Spurr, and Kiefer Sutherland.
George Michael Sinclair Kennedy CBE (19 February 1926 – 31 December 2014) was an English biographer, journalist and writer on classical music.
Middle High German (abbreviated MHG, Mittelhochdeutsch, abbr. Mhd.) is the term for the form of German spoken in the High Middle Ages.
Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin (– 1 July 1876) was a Russian revolutionary anarchist and founder of collectivist anarchism.
Christine Wilhelmine "Minna" Planer (5 September 180925 January 1866) was a German actress and the first wife of composer Richard Wagner, to whom she was married for 30 years, although for the last 10 years they often lived apart.
Miscegenation (from the Latin miscere "to mix" + genus "kind") is the mixing of different racial groups through marriage, cohabitation, sexual relations, or procreation.
In music, modernism is a philosophical and aesthetic stance underlying the period of change and development in musical language that occurred around the turn of the 20th century, a period of diverse reactions in challenging and reinterpreting older categories of music, innovations that led to new ways of organizing and approaching harmonic, melodic, sonic, and rhythmic aspects of music, and changes in aesthetic worldviews in close relation to the larger identifiable period of modernism in the arts of the time.
In theatre, a monologue (from μονόλογος, from μόνος mónos, "alone, solitary" and λόγος lógos, "speech") is a speech presented by a single character, most often to express their mental thoughts aloud, though sometimes also to directly address another character or the audience.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
The National Theater (Nationaltheater) on Max-Joseph-Platz in Munich, Germany, is a historic opera house, home of the Bavarian State Opera, Bavarian State Orchestra and the Bavarian State Ballet.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The New German School (Neudeutsche Schule) is a term introduced in 1859 by Franz Brendel, editor of the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, to describe certain trends in German music.
The term Nibelung (German) or Niflung (Old Norse) is a personal or clan name with several competing and contradictory uses in Germanic heroic legend.
The Nibelungenlied (Middle High German: Der Nibelunge liet or Der Nibelunge nôt), translated as The Song of the Nibelungs, is an epic poem from around 1200 written in Middle High German.
Nietzsche contra Wagner is a critical essay by Friedrich Nietzsche, composed of recycled passages from his past works.
Norse mythology is the body of myths of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period.
In music, number refers to an individual song, dance, or instrumental piece which is part of a larger work of musical theatre, opera, or oratorio.
Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.
On the Genealogy of Morality: A Polemic (Zur Genealogie der Moral: Eine Streitschrift) is an 1887 book by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.
Opera and Drama (Oper und Drama) is a book-length essay written by Richard Wagner in 1851 setting out his ideas on the ideal characteristics of opera as an art form.
An opera house is a theatre building used for opera performances that consists of a stage, an orchestra pit, audience seating, and backstage facilities for costumes and set building.
Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for an orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble, such as a concert band) or of adapting music composed for another medium for an orchestra.
Ouvertüre zum "Fliegenden Holländer", wie sie eine schlechte Kurkapelle morgens um 7 am Brunnen vom Blatt spielt
Ouvertüre zum „Fliegenden Holländer“, wie sie eine schlechte Kurkapelle morgens um 7 am Brunnen vom Blatt spielt (Overture to the Flying Dutchman as Sight-read by a Bad Spa Orchestra at 7 in the Morning by the Well) is a musical parody for string quartet by Paul Hindemith, based on the overture to The Flying Dutchman by Richard Wagner.
Overture (from French ouverture, "opening") in music is the term originally applied to the instrumental introduction to an opera.
A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop or archbishop.
The Palazzo Giustinian is a palace in Venice, northern Italy, situated in the Dorsoduro district and overlooking the Grand Canal next to Ca' Foscari.
Parsifal (WWV 111) is an opera in three acts by German composer Richard Wagner.
Paul Hindemith (16 November 1895 – 28 December 1963) was a prolific German composer, violist, violinist, teacher and conductor.
Paul Nicholas (born Paul Oscar Beuselinck; 3 December 1944) is an English actor and singer.
Paul-Marie Verlaine (30 March 1844 – 8 January 1896) was a French poet associated with the Decadent movement.
Princess Pauline Clémentine Marie Walburga von Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein (née Countess Sándor de Szlavnicza; 25 February 1836 – 28 September 1921) was a famous Austrian socialite, mainly active in Vienna and Paris.
Dom Pedro II (English: Peter II; 2 December 1825 – 5 December 1891), nicknamed "the Magnanimous", was the second and last ruler of the Empire of Brazil, reigning for over 58 years.
Phillip Harvey Spector (born Harvey Phillip Spector, December 26, 1939) is an American record producer, musician, and songwriter who developed the Wall of Sound, a music production formula he described as a "Wagnerian" approach to rock and roll.
A piano sonata is a sonata written for a solo piano.
Pierre Louÿs (10 December 1870 – 6 June 1925) was a French poet and writer, most renowned for lesbian and classical themes in some of his writings.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (15 January 1809 – 19 January 1865) was a French politician and the founder of mutualist philosophy.
Playing by ear is the ability of an instrumental musician to reproduce a piece of music they have heard, without having observed another musician play it or having seen the sheet music notation.
Poetic Edda is the modern attribution for an unnamed collection of Old Norse anonymous poems, which is different from the Edda written by Snorri Sturluson.
A polemic is contentious rhetoric that is intended to support a specific position by aggressive claims and undermining of the opposing position.
A political prisoner is someone imprisoned because they have opposed or criticized the government responsible for their imprisonment.
Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
René Karl Wilhelm Johann Josef Maria Rilke (4 December 1875 – 29 December 1926), better known as Rainer Maria Rilke, was a Bohemian-Austrian poet and novelist.
Rammstein is a German heavy metal band formed in 1994 in Berlin, Germany.
A reactionary is a person who holds political views that favor a return to the status quo ante, the previous political state of society, which they believe possessed characteristics (discipline, respect for authority, etc.) that are negatively absent from the contemporary status quo of a society.
Realism in the theatre was a general movement that began in the 19th-century theatre, around the 1870s, and remained present through much of the 20th century.
The Requiem in D minor, K. 626, is a requiem mass by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Richard Burton, CBE (born Richard Walter Jenkins Jr.; 10 November 19255 August 1984) was a Welsh actor.
Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Richard Taruskin (born 1945, New York) is an American musicologist, music historian, and critic who has written about the theory of performance, Russian music, 15th-century music, 20th-century music, nationalism, the theory of modernism, and analysis.
The Richard Wagner Foundation (in German Richard-Wagner-Stiftung) was formed in 1973, when, faced with overwhelming criticism and infighting amongst the descendants of Richard Wagner, the Bayreuth Festival and its assets were transferred to the newly created Foundation.
The "Ride of the Valkyries" (or Ritt der Walküren|) refers to the beginning of act 3 of Die Walküre, the second of the four operas constituting Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen.
(Rienzi, the last of the tribunes; WWV 49) is an early opera by Richard Wagner in five acts, with the libretto written by the composer after Edward Bulwer-Lytton's novel of the same name (1835).
Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.
Robert Donington (4 May 1907 – 20 January 1990) was a British musicologist and instrumentalist influential in the early music movement and in Wagner studies.
Sir Roger Vernon Scruton (born 27 February 1944) is an English philosopher and writer who specialises in aesthetics and political philosophy, particularly in the furtherance of traditionalist conservative views.
Romain Rolland (29 January 1866 – 30 December 1944) was a French dramatist, novelist, essayist, art historian and mystic who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915 "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings".
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
The Royal Philharmonic Society is a British music society, formed in 1813.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
In music theory, a scale is any set of musical notes ordered by fundamental frequency or pitch.
Schott Music is one of the oldest German music publishers.
Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, is a viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters in a localized area.
Siegfried, WWV 86C, is the third of the four music dramas that constitute Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), by Richard Wagner.
The, WWV 103, by Richard Wagner is a symphonic poem for chamber orchestra.
Siegfried Wagner (6 June 18694 August 1930) was a German composer and conductor, the son of Richard Wagner.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
Sigurd (Old Norse: Sigurðr) or Siegfried (Middle High German: Sîvrit) is a legendary hero of Germanic mythology, who killed a dragon and was later murdered.
A Singspiel (plural: Singspiele; literally "sing-play") is a form of German-language music drama, now regarded as a genre of opera.
Slavoj Žižek (born 21 March 1949) is a Slovenian continental philosopher.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
Song Without End, subtitled The Story of Franz Liszt (1960) is a biographical film romance made by Columbia Pictures.
Stéphane Mallarmé (18 March 1842 – 9 September 1898), whose real name was Étienne Mallarmé, was a French poet and critic.
Stern (German for "Star") is a weekly news magazine published in Hamburg, Germany, by Gruner + Jahr, a subsidiary of Bertelsmann.
Studentenverbindung (often referred to as Verbindung) is the umbrella term for all kinds of fraternity-type associations in German-speaking countries, including ''Corps,'' Burschenschaften, Landsmannschaften, Turnerschaften, Sängerschaften, Catholic fraternities, Schwarzburgbund, Wingolf, and Ferialverbindungen.
Susan Sontag (January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American writer, filmmaker, philosopher, teacher, and political activist.
Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts.
The Symphony in C major, WWV 29, is the only completed symphony of Richard Wagner.
The Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
Thomas Stearns Eliot, (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), was an essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of the twentieth century's major poets".
Tannhäuser (full title Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf Wartburg, "Tannhäuser and the Minnesingers' Contest at Wartburg") is an 1845 opera in three acts, music and text by Richard Wagner, based on two German legends; Tannhäuser, the legendary medieval German Minnesänger and poet, and the tale of the Wartburg Song Contest.
This is a partial discography of the opera Tannhäuser by Richard Wagner.
Téodor de Wyzewa, born as Teodor Wyżewski (12 September 1862 – 15 April 1917), was a writer, critic, and translator of Polish descent, born in Kałusik in the Russian sector of Poland near Kamieniec Podolski (Кам'янець-Подільський, Ukraine), who emigrated to France in 1869.
A tetralogy (from Greek τετρα- tetra-, "four" and -λογία -logia, "discourse") is a compound work that is made up of four distinct works.
In music, texture is how the tempo, melodic, and harmonic materials are combined in a composition, thus determining the overall quality of the sound in a piece.
The thaler was a silver coin used throughout Europe for almost four hundred years.
"The Artwork of the Future" (Das Kunstwerk der Zukunft) is a long essay written by Richard Wagner, first published in 1849 in Leipzig, in which he sets out some of his ideals on the topics of art in general and music drama in particular.
The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music (Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik) is an 1872 work of dramatic theory by the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.
The Case of Wagner (Der Fall Wagner) is a book by the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, originally published in 1888.
The Condition of the Working Class in England (German: Die Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in England) is an 1845 book by the German philosopher Friedrich Engels, a study of the industrial working class in Victorian England.
The Encyclopedia of Fantasy is a 1997 reference work concerning fantasy fiction, edited by John Clute and John Grant.
The Flying Dutchman (German), WWV 63, is a German-language opera, with libretto and music by Richard Wagner.
This is a partial discography of Der fliegende Holländer (The Flying Dutchman) by Richard Wagner.
The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century (Die Grundlagen des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts, 1899) is a book by British-born Germanophile Houston Stewart Chamberlain.
The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The New York Review of Books (or NYREV or NYRB) is a semi-monthly magazine with articles on literature, culture, economics, science and current affairs.
The Perfect Wagnerite: A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring (originally published London, 1898) is a philosophical commentary on Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen, by the Irish writer George Bernard Shaw.
The Rest Is Noise: Listening to the Twentieth Century is a 2007 nonfiction book by the American music critic, Alex Ross, first published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
The Waste Land is a long poem by T. S. Eliot, widely regarded as one of the most important poems of the 20th century and a central work of modernist poetry.
The World as Will and Representation (WWR; Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung, WWV) is the central work of the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer.
Theodor W. Adorno (born Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund; September 11, 1903 – August 6, 1969) was a German philosopher, sociologist, and composer known for his critical theory of society.
Paul Thomas Mann (6 June 1875 – 12 August 1955) was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and the 1929 Nobel Prize in Literature laureate.
Thomaskantor (Cantor at St. Thomas) is the common name for the musical director of the Thomanerchor, now an internationally known boys' choir founded in Leipzig in 1212.
Timewind is the fifth album by Klaus Schulze.
Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (1488/1490 – 27 August 1576), known in English as Titian, was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school.
Tonality is the arrangement of pitches and/or chords of a musical work in a hierarchy of perceived relations, stabilities, attractions and directionality.
Tragheim Church, ca. 1930 Tragheim Church (Tragheimer Kirche) was a Protestant church in the Tragheim quarter of Königsberg, Germany.
Trevor Wallace Howard-Smith (29 September 1913 – 7 January 1988), known as Trevor Howard, was an English actor.
Trevor Alfred Charles Jones (born 23 March 1949) is a South African composer of film and television scores.
Tribschen (also seen as Triebschen) is a district of the city of Lucerne, in the Canton of Lucerne in central Switzerland.
Tristan and Iseult is a tale made popular during the 12th century through Anglo-Norman literature, inspired by Celtic legend, particularly the stories of Deirdre and Naoise and Diarmuid Ua Duibhne and Gráinne.
The Tristan chord is a chord made up of the notes F, B, D, and G. More generally, it can be any chord that consists of these same intervals: augmented fourth, augmented sixth, and augmented ninth above a bass note.
Tristan und Isolde (Tristan and Isolde, or Tristan and Isolda, or Tristran and Ysolt) is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner to a German libretto by the composer, based largely on the 12th-century romance Tristan by Gottfried von Strassburg.
Typhus, also known as typhus fever, is a group of infectious diseases that include epidemic typhus, scrub typhus and murine typhus.
Under the Sign of Saturn is Susan Sontag's third collection of criticism, comprising seven essays.
The University of Music and Theatre "Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy" Leipzig (Hochschule für Musik und Theater "Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy" Leipzig) is a public university in Leipzig (Saxony, Germany).
The Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg (also referred to as the University of Würzburg, in German Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg) is a public research university in Würzburg, Germany.
Untimely Meditations (Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen), also translated as Unfashionable Observations and Thoughts Out Of Season) consists of four works by the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, started in 1873 and completed in 1876. The work comprises a collection of four (out of a projected 13) essays concerning the contemporary condition of European, especially German, culture. A fifth essay, published posthumously, had the title "We Philologists", and gave as a "Task for philology: disappearance". Glenn W. Most,, HyperNietzsche, 2003-11-09 Nietzsche here began to discuss the limitations of empirical knowledge, and presented what would appear compressed in later aphorisms. It combines the naivete of The Birth of Tragedy with the beginnings of his more mature polemical style. It was Nietzsche's most humorous work, especially for "David Strauss: the confessor and the writer.".
In Norse mythology, a valkyrie (from Old Norse valkyrja "chooser of the slain") is one of a host of female figures who choose those who may die in battle and those who may live.
The Völsunga saga (often referred to in English as the Volsunga Saga or Saga of the Völsungs) is a legendary saga, a late 13th century Icelandic prose rendition of the origin and decline of the Völsung clan (including the story of Sigurd and Brynhild and destruction of the Burgundians).
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
In opera, verismo ("realism", from vero, meaning "true") was a post-Romantic operatic tradition associated with Italian composers such as Pietro Mascagni, Ruggero Leoncavallo, Umberto Giordano, Francesco Cilea and Giacomo Puccini.
Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (3 November 1801 – 23 September 1835) was an Italian opera composer,Lippmann and McGuire 1998, in Sadie, p. 389 who was known for his long-flowing melodic lines for which he was named "the Swan of Catania".
The visual arts are art forms such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video, filmmaking, and architecture.
Wystan Hugh Auden (21 February 1907 – 29 September 1973) was an English-American poet.
Wagner is a 1983 film on the life of Richard Wagner.
The German composer Richard Wagner was a controversial figure during his lifetime, and has continued to be so after his death.
Wagner Dream is an opera by Jonathan Harvey, premiered in 2007, to a libretto by Jean-Claude Carrière, which intertwines events on the last day of the life of Richard Wagner with elements from a fragmentary opera sketch by Wagner himself, Die Sieger (The Victors).
The family of the composer Richard Wagner.
The Wagner-Werk-Verzeichnis ("Catalogue of Wagner's Works"), usually shortened to WWV, is an index and musicological guide to the 113 musical compositions and works for the stage of Richard Wagner compiled by John Deathridge, Martin Geck, and Egon Voss.
Wahnfried was the name given by Richard Wagner to his villa in Bayreuth.
The Wall of Sound (also called the Spector Sound) is a music production formula developed by American record producer Phil Spector at Gold Star Studios in the 1960s, with assistance from engineer Larry Levine and the session musician conglomerate later known as "the Wrecking Crew".
Walter Bendix Schönflies Benjamin (15 July 1892 – 26 September 1940) was a German Jewish philosopher, cultural critic and essayist.
The "War of the Romantics" is a term used by some music historians to describe the aesthetic schism among prominent musicians in the second half of the 19th century.
Würzburg (Main-Franconian: Wörtzburch) is a city in the region of Franconia, northern Bavaria, Germany.
Music is often played at wedding celebrations, including during the ceremony and at festivities before or after the event.
Weimar (Vimaria or Vinaria) is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany.
, WWV 91, is the common name of a set of five songs for female voice and piano by Richard Wagner, Fünf Gedichte für eine Frauenstimme (Five Poems for a Female Voice).
Wieland Wagner (5 January 1917 – 17 October 1966) was a German opera director.
Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer.
Wilhelmine Schröder-Devrient, born Wilhelmine Schröder (6 December 180426 January 1860), was a German operatic soprano.
William I, or in German Wilhelm I. (full name: William Frederick Louis of Hohenzollern, Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig von Hohenzollern, 22 March 1797 – 9 March 1888), of the House of Hohenzollern was King of Prussia from 2 January 1861 and the first German Emperor from 18 January 1871 to his death, the first Head of State of a united Germany.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Winifred Marjorie Wagner (née Williams; 23 June 1897 – 5 March 1980) was the English-born wife of Siegfried Wagner, the son of Richard Wagner, and ran the Bayreuth Festival after her husband's death in 1930 until the end of World War II in 1945.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Wolfgang Wagner (30 August 191921 March 2010) was a German opera director.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.