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A Moreninha is the first urban novel in Brazilian literature.
Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) (English: Brazilian Academy of Letters) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française.
The Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras (English: Agulhas Negras Military Academy - named after the Agulhas Negras summit; AMAN) is the biggest among several schools of formation of combatant officers of the Brazilian Army.
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia.
Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank.
An aerial tramway, sky tram, cable car, ropeway or aerial tram is a type of aerial lift which uses one or two stationary ropes for support while a third moving rope provides propulsion.
Afonsos Air Force Base – BAAF is a base of the Brazilian Air Force, located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
African-American music is an umbrella term covering a diverse range of musics and musical genres largely developed by African Americans.
Afro-diasporic religion (also known as African diasporic religions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas in various nations of Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southern United States.
Afro-Brazilians (afro-brasileiros) are Brazilian people who have African ancestry.
The Aimoré (Aymore, Aimboré) are one of several South American peoples of eastern Brazil called Botocudo in Portuguese (from botoque, a plug), in allusion to the wooden disks or tembetás worn in their lips and ears.
Air conditioning (often referred to as AC, A/C, or air con) is the process of removing heat and moisture from the interior of an occupied space, to improve the comfort of occupants.
The Amazon rainforest (Portuguese: Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia; Selva Amazónica, Amazonía or usually Amazonia; Forêt amazonienne; Amazoneregenwoud), also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.
America Football Club, or America as it is usually called, is a Brazilian football club from Mesquita in Rio de Janeiro state, which was founded on September 18, 1904.
Escola Americana do Rio de Janeiro (EARJ, the American School of Rio de Janeiro) is a twin-campus international school located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer.
Amigos dos Amigos (ADA, Friends of Friends) is a criminal organization that operates in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro.
Andorra la Vella (Andorra la Vieja, Andorre-la-Vieille) is the capital of the Principality of Andorra.
Antônio André de Sá Filho, known as André Filho (21 March 1906 — 2 July 1974 in Rio de Janeiro) was a Brazilian actor, violinist, mandolinist, banjo player, guitarist, pianist, composer and singer.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.
Antônio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim (January 25, 1927December 8, 1994), also known as Tom Jobim, was a Brazilian composer, pianist, songwriter, arranger and singer.
Antonio Candido de Mello e Souza (July 24, 1918 – May 12, 2017) was a Brazilian writer, professor, sociologist and literary critic.
Arab Brazilians are Brazilian citizens of Arab ethnic, cultural, linguistic heritage and identity.
Arab Christians (مسيحيون عرب Masīḥiyyūn ʿArab) are Arabs of the Christian faith.
The architecture of England is the architecture of modern England and in the historic Kingdom of England.
Architecture of Portugal refers to the architecture practiced in the territory of present-day Portugal since before the foundation of the country in the 12th century.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
The Argentina national football team (Selección de fútbol de Argentina) represents Argentina in football and is controlled by the Argentine Football Association (AFA), the governing body for football in Argentina.
Arpoador (literally, the harpoon thrower) is a region located on the southern zone of the city Rio de Janeiro, in a small peninsula between Ipanema and Copacabana.
Arraial do Cabo is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro.
Asian Brazilians are Brazilian citizens of full or predominantly East Asian, South Asian and in some cases South East Asian ancestry, or an Asian-born person permanently residing in Brazil.
Associação Atlética Portuguesa, or AA Portuguesa as they are usually called, is a traditional Brazilian football team from Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, founded on December 17, 1924.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Astrud Gilberto (born March 29, 1940) is a Brazilian samba and bossa nova singer.
Asunción is the capital and largest city of Paraguay.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
The Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet (Nelson Piquet International Autodrome), also known as Jacarepaguá after the neighbourhood in which it was located, was a motorsport circuit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Avenida Brasil is an expressway-like thoroughfare in Rio de Janeiro.
The Baixada Fluminense (standard; local pronounce) (literally "Fluminense Lowland") is a region in the state of Rio de Janeiro, in southeastern Brazil.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
A balneario is an Iberian and Latin American seaside resort town, although they may also occur along great lakes, rivers and at hot springs.
Banda de Ipanema is one of the largest Carnival blocks of Rio de Janeiro's street Carnival festivities.
The Bandeirantes were 17th-century Portuguese settlers in Brazil and fortune hunters.
Bangu Atlético Clube, or Bangu as they are usually called, is a Brazilian football club from Bangu district, Rio de Janeiro city in Rio de Janeiro state, founded on April 17, 1904.
Bangu is a neighborhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Barra da Tijuca (mostly referenced as Barra) is a neighborhood or bairro in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, located in the western portion of the city on the Atlantic Ocean.
Bartolomeu de Gusmão Airport was a Brazilian airport built to handle the operations with the rigid airships Graf Zeppelin and Hindenburg.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
Baxter International Inc. is a Fortune 500 American health care company with headquarters in Deerfield, Illinois.
Beach soccer, also known as beach football or beasal, is a variant of association football played on a beach or some form of sand.
Beach volleyball is a team sport played by two teams of two players on a sand court divided by a net.
The Belle Époque or La Belle Époque (French for "Beautiful Era") was a period of Western history.
Belmond Ltd. is a hotel and leisure company that operates luxury hotels, train services and river cruises around the world.
Belo Horizonte ("Beautiful Horizon") is the sixth-largest city in Brazil, the thirteenth-largest in South America and the eighteenth-largest in the Americas.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
A bicycle-sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike-share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a short term basis for a price or free.
Five cities made the shortlist with their bids to host the 2004 Summer Olympics (formally known as Games of the XXVIII Olympiad), which were awarded to Athens, on September 5, 1997.
Nine cities submitting bids to host the 2012 Summer Olympics and 2012 Summer Paralympics were recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
Seven cities submitted bids for 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics on September 13, 2007, aiming to host the Games of the XXXI Olympiad.
Bike Itaú is a public bicycle sharing system in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Biomedicine (i.e. medical biology) is a branch of medical science that applies biological and physiological principles to clinical practice.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
Black Orpheus (Orfeu Negro) is a 1959 romantic tragedy film made in Brazil by French director Marcel Camus and starring Marpessa Dawn and Breno Mello.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other populations.
Blame It on Rio is a 1984 American romantic comedy film directed by Stanley Donen and written by Charlie Peters and Larry Gelbart based on the 1977 French film Un moment d'égarement.
Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santafé de Bogotá between 1991 and 2000, is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, although often thought of as part of Cundinamarca.
Bonsucesso Futebol Clube, or Bonsucesso, is a Brazilian football team from Bonsucesso neighborhood, Rio de Janeiro in Rio de Janeiro state, founded on August 12, 1913.
Bossa nova is a genre of Brazilian music, which was developed and popularized in the 1950s and 1960s and is today one of the best-known Brazilian music genres abroad.
Botafogo (local/standard alternative Brazilian Portuguese pronunciation) is a beachfront neighborhood (bairro) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas (Botafogo Football and Rowing), also known as Botafogo and familiarly as A Estrela Solitária (The Lone Star), is a Brazilian sports club based in Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro.
BR-324 is a federal highway in the Northeast Region of Brazil.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The Brazil Current is a warm water current that flows south along the Brazilian south coast to the mouth of the Río de la Plata.
The Brazil national football team (Seleção Brasileira de Futebol) represents Brazil in international men's association football.
The Brazil–Malvinas Confluence Zone (also called the Brazil–Falkland Confluence Zone or the Brazil–Falklands Confluence Zone) is a very energetic region of water just off the coast of Argentina and Uruguay where the warm poleward flowing Brazil Current and the cold equatorward flowing Malvinas Current converge.
The Brazilian Air Force (Força Aérea Brasileira, FAB) is the air branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces and one of the three national uniformed services.
Minas Geraes, spelled Minas Gerais in some sources, was a dreadnought battleship of the Brazilian Navy.
The Carnival of Brazil (Carnaval do Brasil) is an annual Brazilian festival held between the Friday afternoon before Ash Wednesday and Ash Wednesday at noon, which marks the beginning of Lent, the forty-day period before Easter.
The National Bank for Economic and Social Development (Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social, abbreviated: BNDES) is a federal public company associated with the Ministry of Development, Industry, and Trade of Brazil.
The Brazilian Grand Prix (Grande Prêmio do Brasil) is a Formula One championship race which is currently held at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace in Interlagos neighborhood, Socorro district, São Paulo.
The Brazilian Highlands or Brazilian Plateau (Planalto Brasileiro) are an extensive geographical region, covering most of the eastern, southern and central portions of Brazil, in all approximately half of the country's land area, or some 4,500,000 km² (1,930,511 sq mi).
The Brazilian Highway System (Portuguese: Sistema Nacional de Rodovias) is the highway system of Brazil.
Brazilian hip hop is a national music genre.
The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics or IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística) is the agency responsible for official collection of statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil.
Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ; jiu-jitsu brasileiro) is a martial art and combat sport system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting.
Brazilian literature is the literature written in the Portuguese language by Brazilians or in Brazil, including works written prior to the country’s independence in 1822.
The Brazilian military government was the authoritarian military dictatorship that ruled Brazil from April 1, 1964 to March 15, 1985.
The Brazilian Navy (Marinha do Brasil) is the naval service branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces, responsible for conducting naval operations.
Brazilian Portuguese (português do Brasil or português brasileiro) is a set of dialects of the Portuguese language used mostly in Brazil.
The Brazilian real (real, pl. reais; sign: R$; code: BRL) is the official currency of Brazil.
The Brazilian Republican Party (Partido Republicano Brasileiro) is a Brazilian political party.
The Revolution of 1930, also known as the 1930 coup d'état or coup of 1930 was an armed movement led by the states of Minas Gerais, Paraíba and Rio Grande do Sul, culminating in a coup.
Brazilian thrash metal is a regional scene of thrash metal music that originated during the 1980s in Brazil.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.
Busby is a village in East Renfrewshire, Scotland.
The C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) connects 90 of the world’s greatest cities, representing 650+ million people and one quarter of the global economy.
A cable car is any of a variety of cable transportation systems relying on cables to pull vehicles along or lower them at a steady rate.
Cabo Frio (Cold Cape) is a Brazilian municipality in Rio de Janeiro state, founded by the Portuguese on November 13, 1615.
A caboclo (also pronounced "caboco"; from Brazilian Portuguese, perhaps ultimately from Tupi kaa'boc, means a "person having copper-coloured skin") (English: cabloke) is a person of mixed Indigenous Brazilian and European ancestry (the first, most common use), or a culturally assimilated person of full Amerindian descent.
Cadmium is a chemical element with symbol Cd and atomic number 48.
Café com leite politics ("coffee with milk") was a term that referred to the domination of Brazilian politics under the Old Republic (1889–1930) by the landed gentries of São Paulo (dominated by the coffee industry) and Minas Gerais (dominated by dairy interests).
Caixa Econômica Federal (Federal Savings Bank), also referred to as Caixa or CEF, is a Brazilian bank headquartered in the nation's capital, Brasília.
Camorim is a neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (English: Brazilian Championship A Series), commonly referred as Brasileirão, is a Brazilian professional league for men's football clubs.
The Campeonato Brasileiro Série D is the fourth tier of the Brazilian Football League, and was announced by the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF) on April 9, 2008.
The Campeonato Carioca, officially known as Campeonato Estadual do Rio de Janeiro, is the annual football championship of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Campeonato Carioca Série B1 football competition is the second level of the Rio de Janeiro State First Division, one of the Brazilian state championships.
Campo Grande is the largest neighborhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro.
Campos Basin is one of 12 coastal sedimentary basins of Brazil.
The Candelária Church (Igreja da Candelária) is an important historical Roman Catholic church in the city of Rio de Janeiro, in southeastern Brazil.
Candomblé (dance in honour of the gods) is an Afro-American religious tradition, practiced mainly in Brazil.
Capoeira is an Afro-Brazilian martial art that combines elements of dance, acrobatics, and music.
The Captaincies of the Portuguese Empire (Capitanias do Império Português) were the socio-administrative territorial divisions and hereditary lordships established initially by Henry the Navigator, as part of the Donatário system in order to settle and developed the Portuguese overseas Empire.
A Captaincy (capitanía, capitania, kapetanija) is a historical administrative division of the former Spanish and Portuguese colonial empires.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and centre of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela.
Carioca is a demonym used to refer to anything related to the City of Rio de Janeiro as well as its eponymous State of Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil.
Carmen Miranda Museum, located in the Parque Brigadeiro Eduardo Gomes (Flamengo Park), is a museum established in homage to singer and actress Carmen Miranda and open to the public since 1976.
Carnival blocks, carnaval blocos or blocos de rua are street bands that mobilize crowds on the streets and are the main popular expression of Brazilian Carnival.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Central Station (Central do Brasil) is a 1998 Brazilian–French drama film set in Brazil.
Centro ("Center") is a neighborhood in Zona Central of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Champ Car is the general name for a class and specification of American professional top-level open wheel cars used in American open-wheel car racing for many decades, associated primarily with the Indianapolis 500.
Charles William Miller (24 November 1874 – 30 June 1953) was a Brazilian sportsman, who is considered to be the father of football in Brazil.
Francisca Edwiges Neves Gonzaga, famously known as Chiquinha Gonzaga (October 17, 1847, Rio de Janeiro – February 28, 1935, Rio de Janeiro) was a Brazilian composer, pianist and the first woman conductor in Brazil.
Choro ("cry" or "lament"), also popularly called chorinho ("little cry" or "little lament"), is an instrumental Brazilian popular music genre which originated in 19th century Rio de Janeiro.
Christ the Redeemer (Cristo Redentor, standard) is an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, created by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration with French engineer Albert Caquot.
Christian de Portzamparc (born 5 May 1944) is a French architect and urbanist.
A chronicle (chronica, from Greek χρονικά, from χρόνος, chronos, "time") is a historical account of facts and events ranged in chronological order, as in a time line.
The Cidade das Artes (City of Arts) is a cultural complex located in Barra da Tijuca in the Southwest Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which was originally planned to open in 2004, with the name of City of Music (Cidade da Música).
The Cidade de Deus (City of God) is a West Zone neighbourhood of the Rio de Janeiro city.
"Cidade maravilhosa" (Marvelous City) is a march that was written and composed by André Filho and arranged by Silva Sobreira for the Rio de Janeiro carnival in 1935.
Cinelândia is the popular name of a major public square in the centre of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
City of God (Cidade de Deus) is a 2002 Brazilian crime film directed by Fernando Meirelles and co-directed by Kátia Lund, released in its home country in 2002 and worldwide in 2003.
A city-state is a sovereign state, also described as a type of small independent country, that usually consists of a single city and its dependent territories.
Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (English: Flamengo Rowing Club), commonly referred to as Flamengo, is a Brazilian sports club based in Rio de Janeiro.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
Cocotá is a neighborhood in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.
A container port or container terminal is a facility where cargo containers are transshipped between different transport vehicles, for onward transportation.
Copacabana is a bairro (neighbourhood) located in the South Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Corcovado, meaning "hunchback" in Portuguese, is a mountain in central Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Coronelism, from the term Coronelismo was the Brazilian political machine during the Old Republic (1889-1930), also known as the "rule of the coronels", responsible for the centralization of the political power in the hands of a locally dominant oligarch, known as a coronel, who would dispense favors in return for loyalty.
Corporal punishment or physical punishment is a punishment intended to cause physical pain on a person.
Cortiço, or gueto (Portuguese language for "beehive" and "ghetto" respectively; tenements), is a common Portuguese term used in Brazil and Portugal for an area of concentrated, high density urban housing where people live with poor sanitation and hygiene conditions.
Cosme Velho is a neighborhood in the South Zone of Rio de Janeiro, adjacent to Laranjeiras.
Costa Verde (standard Brazilian,In Rio de Janeiro's dialect, it is, and among adult and elder speakers from middle and upper classes in São Paulo's megalopolis which is somewhat a standard across the state's dialect, the pronunciation is; local pronunciation in São Paulo's area of Costa Verde is or. Green Coast) is a coastline in Brazil (chiefly in Rio de Janeiro state), which runs from Itaguaí, Rio de Janeiro state, to Santos, São Paulo state.
Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama is a Brazilian football club that was founded on August 21, 1898 (although the professional football department started on November 5, 1915), by Portuguese immigrants, and it is still traditionally supported by the Portuguese community of Rio de Janeiro.
A crow's nest is a structure in the upper part of the main mast of a ship or a structure that is used as a lookout point.
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae.
Cuiabá is the capital city of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso.
The culture of Europe is rooted in the art, architecture, music, literature, and philosophy that originated from the continent of Europe.
Dance of the Hours (Italian) is a short ballet and is the act 3 finale of the opera La Gioconda composed by Amilcare Ponchielli.
DataViva is an information visualization engine created by the Strategic Priorities Office of the government of Minas Gerais.
Deodoro is a neighborhood of the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Deputy mayor is an elective or appointive office of the second-ranking official in many local governments.
A derail or derailer is a device used to prevent fouling (blocking or compromising) of a rail track (or collision with anything present on the track, such as a person, a train or a fallen branch) by unauthorized movements of trains or unattended rolling stock.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
Dom Casmurro is an 1899 novel written by Brazilian author Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis.
Dysentery is an inflammatory disease of the intestine, especially of the colon, which always results in severe diarrhea and abdominal pains.
The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, the Rio Summit, the Rio Conference, and the Earth Summit (Portuguese: ECO92), was a major United Nations conference held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
The Eastern religions are the religions originating in East, South and Southeast Asia and thus having dissimilarities with Western religions.
EBX Group comprises six companies listed in BOVESPA’s Novo Mercado: OGX (oil), MMX (mining), OSX (offshore industry), and CCX (coal mining).
Electric power is the rate, per unit time, at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit.
Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology.
Eletrobras (full name: Centrais Elétricas Brasileiras S.A.) is a major Brazilian electric utilities company.
Elite Squad (Tropa de Elite) is a 2007 Brazilian crime film directed by José Padilha.
Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was an American jazz singer sometimes referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz, and Lady Ella.
Embratel is a major Brazilian telecommunications company headquartered in Rio de Janeiro.
The Empire of Brazil was a 19th-century state that broadly comprised the territories which form modern Brazil and (until 1828) Uruguay.
Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems; habitat destruction; the extinction of wildlife; and pollution.
Erich Anton Paul von Däniken (born 14 April 1935) is a Swiss author of several books which make claims about extraterrestrial influences on early human culture, including the best-selling Chariots of the Gods?, published in 1968.
Espírito Santo (meaning "Holy Spirit") is a state in southeastern Brazil.
Esso is a trading name for ExxonMobil and its related companies.
Estádio Aniceto Moscoso, usually known as Estádio Conselheiro Galvão, is a football stadium in Madureira neighborhood, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Estádio Giulite Coutinho, also known as Estádio Édson Passos, is a multi-use stadium located in the city of Mesquita, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.
The Estádio Luso Brasileiro, or Ilha do Urubu, formerly known as Arena Petrobras, Arena Botafogo and Estádio da Ilha do Governador, is a football stadium inaugurated on 2 October 1965 in Ilha do Governador neighborhood, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro state.
The Estádio Proletário Guilherme da Silveira Filho, but usually known as Estádio Moça Bonita is a football stadium inaugurated in 1947 in Bangu neighborhood, Rio de Janeiro, state of Rio de Janeiro, with a maximum capacity of 9,564 people.
The Estádio Olímpico Nilton Santos, formerly the Estádio Olímpico João Havelange (João Havelange Olympic Stadium), is a multi-purpose stadium located in the neighbourhood of Engenho de Dentro in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Estádio Vasco da Gama, also known as Estádio São Januário, owing to its location on a street of the same name, is the home ground of Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
European Portuguese (português europeu), also known as Lusitanian Portuguese (português lusitano) and Portuguese of Portugal (português de Portugal) in Brazil, or even “Portuguese Portuguese” refers to the Portuguese language spoken in Portugal.
Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land and ocean surface to the atmosphere.
Exame is a fortnightly magazine specializing in economics and business, published by Editora Abril, São Paulo, Brazil.
Extratropical cyclones, sometimes called mid-latitude cyclones or wave cyclones, are low-pressure areas which, along with the anticyclones of high-pressure areas, drive the weather over much of the Earth.
The Falkland Current (also called Malvinas Current or Falklands Current) is a cold water current that flows northward along the Atlantic coast of Patagonia as far north as the mouth of the Río de la Plata.
A favela, Brazilian Portuguese for slum, is a low-income historically informal urban area in Brazil.
The Federal Center for Technological Education "Celso Suckow da Fonseca", also known as Federal Center for Technological Education of Rio de Janeiro (Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica Celso Suckow da Fonseca or Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica do Rio de Janeiro, CEFET/RJ) is one of the most traditional Brazilian federal educational institution subordinated to the Brazilian Ministry of Education.
The Federal District (Distrito Federal) is one of 27 federative units of Brazil.
The Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, UFRRJ) is a centenary public university located in Seropédica in the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.
The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro or University of Brazil (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ or Universidade do Brasil) is a public university in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UNIRIO), is one of the four federally funded public universities in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).
The FIBA Basketball World Cup, also known as the FIBA World Cup of Basketball or simply the FIBA World Cup, between 1950 and 2010 known as the FIBA World Championship, is an international basketball competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), the sport's global governing body.
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; French for "International Federation of Association Football") is an association which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, futsal, and beach soccer.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers, or stock exchanges.
Fireworks are a class of low explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic and entertainment purposes.
The First Brazilian Republic or República Velha ("Old Republic") is the period of Brazilian history from 1889 to 1930.
Flamengo Park, also known as Aterro do Flamengo, Eduardo Gomes Park, and Aterro do Brigadeiro Eduardo Gomes, is the largest public park and recreation area within the city of Rio de Janeiro, in eastern Brazil.
Flamengo is a neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Fluminense Football Club, known simply as Fluminense or Tricolor, is a Brazilian sports club best known for its football team that plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the top tier of Brazilian football and the Campeonato Carioca, the state league of Rio de Janeiro.
The Fluminense Federal University (Portuguese: Universidade Federal Fluminense, UFF) is a public higher education institution located mainly in Niterói and in other cities of Rio de Janeiro state.
A flying club or aero club is a not-for-profit, member-run organization that provides its members with affordable access to aircraft.
Folha de S.Paulo, also known as Folha de São Paulo, or simply Folha (Sheet), is a Brazilian daily newspaper founded in 1921 under the name Folha da Noite and published in São Paulo by the Folha da Manhã company.
The association football tournament at the 2016 Summer Olympics was held from 3 to 20 August in Brazil.
Footvolley (Futevôlei, in Brazil, Futevólei in Portugal) is a sport which combines aspects of beach volleyball and association football Footvolley was created by Octavio de Moraes in 1965 in Brazil.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
Fort Coligny was a fortress founded by Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1555, in what constituted the so-called France Antarctique historical episode.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
France Antarctique (formerly also spelled France antartique) was a French colony south of the Equator, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which existed between 1555 and 1567, and had control over the coast from Rio de Janeiro to Cabo Frio.
Francisco Franco Pereira Passos (29 August 1836 – 12 March 1913) was a Brazilian engineer and politician.
Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, and producer who was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century.
French architecture ranks high among France's many accomplishments.
French Brazilians (Franco-Brésilien, Franco-brasileiro or Galo-brasileiro) refers to Brazilian citizens of full of partial French ancestry, or persons born in France who reside in Brazil.
Frost is the coating or deposit of ice that may form in humid air in cold conditions, usually overnight.
Fundação Getulio Vargas (Getúlio Vargas Foundation, often abbreviated as FGV or simply GV) is a Brazilian higher education institution founded on December 20, 1944.
A funicular is one of the modes of transport, along with a cable railway and an inclined elevator, which uses a cable traction for movement on a steep slope.
Funk carioca, favela funk, and in other parts in the world, baile funk, is a music genre from Rio de Janeiro, derived from Miami bass and gangsta rap music.
Galeão Air Force Base – BAGL is a base of the Brazilian Air Force located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Gaspar de Lemos (15th century) was a Portuguese explorer and captain of the supply ship of Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet that discovered Brazil.
Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro was the first newspaper to be published in Brazil.
Gávea is an affluent residential neighborhood located in the South Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
General Osório is a station on Line 1 of the Rio de Janeiro Metro located in the Ipanema borough of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
German Brazilians (German: Deutschbrasilianer, Riograndenser Hunsrückisch: Deitschbrasiliooner, teuto-brasileiros) refers to Brazilian people of ethnic German ancestry or origin.
The Germany national football team (deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft or Die Mannschaft) is the men's football team that has represented Germany in international competition since 1908.
Ginásio Gilberto Cardoso (Portuguese: Ginásio do Maracanãzinho), sometimes called just Maracanãzinho ("Little Maracanã" or "Mini Maracanã"), is an indoor arena located in Maracanã in the north zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Gonçalo Coelho (fl. 1501–04) was a Portuguese explorer who belonged to a prominent family in northern Portugal.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
Grand Prix motorcycle racing refers to the premier class of motorcycle racing events held on road circuits sanctioned by FIM.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
Greater Rio de Janeiro, officially Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Region (Grande Rio, officially Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, in Portuguese) is a large metropolitan area located in Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil, the second largest in Brazil and third largest in South America.
The Greater São Paulo (Grande São Paulo) is a nonspecific term for one of the multiple definitions the large metropolitan area located in the São Paulo state in Brazil.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Grumari is a neighborhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Grupo Globo (Globo Group), formerly known as Organizações Globo (Globo Organization), is the largest mass media group of Latin America, founded in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1925 by Irineu Marinho.
The State of Guanabara (Estado da Guanabara) was a States of Brazil from 1960 to 1975 in the territory of the current municipality of Rio de Janeiro.
Guanabara Bay (Baía de Guanabara) is an oceanic bay located in Southeast Brazil in the state of Rio de Janeiro.
The Guandu River (Rio de Janeiro) is a river of Rio de Janeiro state in southeastern Brazil.
Guatemala City (Ciudad de Guatemala), locally known as Guatemala or Guate, officially Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción (New Guatemala of the Assumption), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Guatemala, and the most populous in Central America.
Guimarães is a city and municipality located in northern Portugal, in the district of Braga.
Hail is a form of solid precipitation.
Hang gliding is an air sport or recreational activity in which a pilot flies a light, non-motorised foot-launched heavier-than-air aircraft called a hang glider.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
A high-rise building is a tall building, as opposed to a low-rise building and is defined by its height differently in various jurisdictions.
High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.
Hip hop, or hip-hop, is a subculture and art movement developed in the Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s.
Hipódromo da Gávea is a racecourse used for horse racing, located in the Gávea neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The history of Brazil starts with indigenous people in Brazil.
The history of Portugal can be traced from circa 400,000 years ago, when the region of present-day Portugal was inhabited by Homo heidelbergensis.
The history of the Jews in Brazil is a rather long and complex one, as it stretches from the very beginning of the European settlement in the new continent.
Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.
Hotel ratings are often used to classify hotels according to their quality.
House music is a genre of electronic dance music created by club DJs and music producers in Chicago in the early 1980s.
The Most Serene House of Braganza (Sereníssima Casa de Bragança), or the Brigantine Dynasty (Dinastia Brigantina), also known in the Empire of Brazil as the Most August House of Braganza (Augustíssima Casa de Bragança), is a dynasty of emperors, kings, princes, and dukes of Portuguese origin, a branch of the House of Aviz.
Humaitá is a residential district in the South Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Human skin color ranges in variety from the darkest brown to the lightest hues.
A hybrid electric bus combines a conventional internal combustion engine propulsion system with an electric propulsion system.
A hydrofoil is a lifting surface, or foil, that operates in water.
Ice pellets are a form of precipitation consisting of small, translucent balls of ice.
Ilha Grande ("Big Island") is an island located off the coast of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
The Imperial Academy of Fine Arts (Academia Imperial de Belas Artes) was an institution of higher learning in the arts in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, established by King João VI.
São Cristóvão (officially named Imperial de São Cristóvão) is a traditional neighborhood located in North of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Independence of Brazil comprised a series of political and military events that occurred in 1821–1824, most of which involved disputes between Brazil and Portugal regarding the call for independence presented by the Brazilian Empire.
Indigenous peoples in Brazil (povos indígenas no Brasil), or Indigenous Brazilians (indígenas brasileiros), comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who have inhabited what is now the country of Brazil since prior to the European contact around 1500.
The Instituto Militar de Engenharia (Military Institute of Engineering, IME) is an engineering institute maintained by the Brazilian Army with Federal support.
The Instituto National de Matemática Pura e Aplicada (IMPA; National Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics.) is widely considered to be the foremost research and educational institution of Brazil in the area of mathematics.
The Instituto Superior de Tecnologia em Ciências da Computação do Rio de Janeiro (Superior Institute of Technology in Computer Science of Rio de Janeiro - IST-Rio) is a technological university maintained by the FAETEC.
Intelig Telecom started operations on 23 January 2000, bringing for the first time concurrence on the long distance and international phone service.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as the doldrums, is the area encircling Earth near the Equator, where the northeast and southeast trade winds converge.
Ipanema is a neighborhood located in the South Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), between Leblon and Arpoador.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Itaú Unibanco is a Brazilian publicly quoted bank with headquarters in São Paulo, Brazil. The bank is the result of the merger of Banco Itaú and Unibanco, which occurred on November 4, 2008 to form Itaú Unibanco Holding S.A, the largest financial conglomerate in the Southern Hemisphere. It is the 10th largest bank in the world by market value. The bank its listed at the B3 in São Paulo and in NYSE in New York. It currently is the biggest Latin American bank by assets and market capitalization. Itaú Unibanco owns Rede, the second largest Brazilian card payment company. Itaú Unibanco accounts for about 11% of the Brazilian market for retail banking services. It has operations in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Panama, Paraguay and Uruguay in South America, as well as in the United Kingdom, Luxembourg and Portugal in Europe, United States, Japan, China, Hong Kong and United Arab Emirates in Asia. It is the most important subsidiary of Investimentos Itaúsa, a large conglomerate that ranks among Fortune magazine's top 500 corporations in the world. The bank has offices in Asuncion, Buenos Aires, Cayman Islands, Dubai, Hong Kong, Lisbon, London, Luxembourg, Montevideo, Nassau, New York City, Santiago, Shanghai and Tokyo On August 22, 2009, Itaú Unibanco and insurance company Porto Seguro disclosed that they had entered into an alliance. The alliance aims to combine their residential and automobile insurance operations and includes an Operating Agreement under which the alliance will have exclusive access to offer and distribute homeowner and auto insurance products to clients of Itaú Unibanco's branch network in Brazil and Uruguay (“Alliance”). Currently the bank has over 32,956 service points being 4.495 bank branches and 27.981 ATMs in Brazil and in the world.
Itaguaí is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro.
Italian Brazilians (Italobrasiliani, Ítalo-brasileiros) are Brazilian citizens of full or partial Italian descent.
The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Itanhangá is a neighborhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Jacarepaguá, with a land area of, is a neighborhood situated in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Jacarepaguá–Roberto Marinho Airport is an airport in the neighborhood of Barra da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil previously dedicated to general aviation.
The James Bond film series is a British series of spy films based on the fictional character of MI6 agent James Bond, "007", who originally appeared in a series of books by Ian Fleming.
A series of floods and mudslides took place in in several towns of the Mountainous Region (Região Serrana), in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro.
are Brazilian citizens who are nationals or naturals of Japanese ancestry, or Japanese immigrants living in Brazil.
Jardim Botânico is a residential neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, located north of Ipanema and Leblon, just across Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas and east of Gávea.
The Jardim Oceânico Station (Estação Jardim Oceânico) is a station on the Rio de Janeiro Metro.
Jean-François Duclerc (Guadeloupe, ? – Rio de Janeiro, 18 March 1711) was a French privateer and knight in the Order of Saint-Louis.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jeunesse Arena is an indoor multi-purpose arena, located in the region of Barra da Tijuca, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Joaquim Manuel de Macedo (June 24, 1820 – April 11, 1882) was a Brazilian novelist, doctor, teacher, poet, playwright and journalist, famous for the romance A Moreninha.
Joá is a neighborhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
João Gilberto Prado Pereira de Oliveira, known as João Gilberto (June 10, 1931), is a Brazilian singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Jean-Marie Faustin Godefroid "João" de Havelange (8 May 1916 – 16 August 2016) was a Brazilian lawyer, businessman, athlete and centenarian who served as the seventh President of FIFA from 1974 to 1998.
John VI (Portuguese: João VI; –), nicknamed "the Clement", was King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves from 1816 to 1825.
Jorge Leal Amado de Faria (10 August 1912 – 6 August 2001) was a Brazilian writer of the modernist school.
Jornal do Brasil, widely known as JB, is a daily newspaper published by Editora JB in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (September 12, 1902 – August 22, 1976), known also by his initials JK, was a prominent Brazilian politician who served as the 21st President of Brazil from 1956 to 1961.
Kansas City is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri.
Kaohsiung City (Hokkien POJ: Ko-hiông; Hakka: Kô-hiùng; old names: Takao, Takow, Takau) is a special municipality located in southern-western Taiwan and facing the Taiwan Strait.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
Not to be confused with Empire of Brazil The Kingdom of Brazil (Reino do Brasil) was a constituent kingdom of United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves.
Kiteboarding is an action sport combining aspects of wakeboarding, snowboarding, windsurfing, surfing, paragliding, skateboarding and sailing into one extreme sport.
La Paz, officially known as Nuestra Señora de La Paz (Our Lady of Peace), also named Chuqi Yapu (Chuquiago) in Aymara, is the seat of government and the de facto national capital of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (the constitutional capital of Bolivia is Sucre).
Lagoa (English: Lagoon) is an affluent residential neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil located around the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon.
Lapa is a neighborhood in the city of Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil.
Laranjeiras (orange trees) is an upper-middle-class neighborhood located in the South Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
This is a list of the 50 largest cities in the Americas by population residing within city limits as of 2015, the most recent year for which official population census results, estimates or short-term projections are available for most of these cities.
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Leblon is a neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Leme Leme (rudder) is an upper-middle-class neighborhood in the South Zone of the City of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, next to Copacabana, Urca and Botafogo.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
Gay tourism or LGBT tourism is a form of niche tourism marketed to gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people.
Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
The following is a list of football stadiums.
There are 26 States in Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the national capital, Brasília.
This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP.
This is a partial list of films set in Rio de Janeiro.
Brazil has a high level of urbanization: 82 out of every 100 Brazilians live in cities.
This is a list of mayors of Rio de Janeiro.
This is a list of the metropolitan areas in Brazil.
This is a list of the fifty most populous metropolitan areas in the Americas as of 2015, the most recent year for which official census results, estimates or projections are available for every major metropolitan area in the Americas.
Cariocas, as the people who are born in Rio de Janeiro are called in Brazil, have made extensive contributions to Brazil's (and the world's) history, culture, music, literature, education, science and technology, particularly when Rio de Janeiro was the federal capital and a great hub of Brazilian growth and innovation in all these areas.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
This is a list of territories of the Portuguese Empire (Império Português), that at various times were officially called "states" (estados).
The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where Portuguese is an official or de facto language.
This is a list of "twin towns" or "sister cities" in the continent of South America — that is, pairs of towns or cities in different countries which have town twinning arrangements.
This is a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in South America.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
In developed nations across the world, the lower middle class is a sub-division of the greater middle class.
Luís Vaz de Camões (sometimes rendered in English as Camoens or Camoëns (e.g. by Byron in English Bards and Scotch Reviewers),; c. 1524 or 1525 – 10 June 1580), is considered Portugal's and the Portuguese language's greatest poet.
Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH is a German company which, during the early 20th century, was a leader in the design and manufacture of rigid airships, specifically of the Zeppelin type.
Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, often known by his surnames as Machado de Assis, Machado, or Bruxo do Cosme VelhoVainfas, p. 505.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Madureira Esporte Clube, or Madureira as they are usually called, is a traditional Brazilian football team from Rio de Janeiro in Rio de Janeiro state, founded on August 8, 1914.
A male (♂) organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm.
Managua is the capital and largest city of Nicaragua, and the center of eponymous department.
Manaus or Manaós before 1939 or (formerly) Barra do Rio Negro, is the capital city of the state of Amazonas in the North Region of Brazil.
A mansard or mansard roof (also called a French roof or curb roof) is a four-sided gambrel-style hip roof characterized by two slopes on each of its sides with the lower slope, punctured by dormer windows, at a steeper angle than the upper.
Manuel Antônio de Almeida (November 17, 1831 – November 28, 1861) was a Brazilian satirical writer, medician and teacher.
Dom Manuel I (31 May 1469 – 13 December 1521), the Fortunate (Port. o Afortunado), King of Portugal and the Algarves, was the son of Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu, by his wife, the Infanta Beatrice of Portugal.
The Maracanã (Estádio do Maracanã, standard Brazilian Portuguese:, local pronunciation), officially Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho, is a football stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Marcelo Bezerra Crivella (Rio de Janeiro, October 9, 1957) is a Brazilian evangelical bishop, a gospel singer, engineer, and a politician.
Marchinha (also called "marchinha de carnaval", "marchinha carnavalesca" or "marcha carnavalesca) is one of several genres of music typical of Brazilian Carnival in Rio de Janeiro and Southeast Region of Brazil.
Dona Maria I (English: Mary I; 17 December 1734 – 20 March 1816) was Queen of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves.
Maricá is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro.
Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a number of reasons: as self-defense, military and law enforcement applications, mental and spiritual development; as well as entertainment and the preservation of a nation's intangible cultural heritage.
Maxakalí (Yĩy'ax 'language', Tikmũ'ũn Yĩy'ax 'Maxakalí language') is a Maxakalían language spoken in fourteen villages in Minas Gerais, Brazil, by fewer than a thousand people.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
Música popular brasileira (Popular Brazilian Music) or MPB is a trend in post-bossa nova urban popular music in Brazil that revisits typical Brazilian styles such as samba, samba-canção and baião and other Brazilian regional music, combining them with foreign influences, such as from jazz and rock.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Memoirs of a Police Sergeant (Memórias de um sargento de milícias) is a satirical novel written by the Brazilian author Manuel Antônio de Almeida.
Mercer is the world's largest human resources consulting firm.
Merck KGaA, branded and commonly known as Merck, is a German multinational pharmaceutical, chemical and life sciences company headquartered in Darmstadt, with around 50,000 employees in around 70 countries.
Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines that originally referred a person of combined European and Native American descent, regardless of where the person was born.
Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.
A metropolis is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Miami Beach is a coastal resort city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
The Military World Games is a multi-sport event for military sportspeople, organized by the International Military Sports Council (CISM).
Minas Gerais is a state in the north of Southeastern Brazil.
The Ministry of Education (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação), MEC, is a Brazilian government ministry.
Modern soul is a style of music with associated clothing and dance styles (precursors to the disco era), that developed in Northern England in the early 1970s.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay.
Montpellier (Montpelhièr) is a city in southern France.
Moonraker is a 1979 British spy film, the eleventh in the ''James Bond'' series produced by Eon Productions, and the fourth to star Roger Moore as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.
The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Motorsport or motor sport is a global term used to encompass the group of competitive sporting events which primarily involve the use of motorised vehicles, whether for racing or non-racing competition.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
Mulatto is a term used to refer to people born of one white parent and one black parent or to people born of a mulatto parent or parents.
The municipalities of Brazil (Municípios do Brasil) are administrative divisions of the Brazilian states.
Museu Aeroespacial is a national aviation museum located in the West Side of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in the Administrative Region of Realengo.
The Museu Nacional de Belas Artes (MNBA; Portuguese for National Museum of Fine Arts) is a national art museum located in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro (MAM) (Portuguese: Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro) is a museum located in northeastern Flamengo Park, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.
The music of Brazil encompasses various regional musical styles influenced by African, European and Amerindian forms.
The music of Latin America refers to music originating from Latin America, namely the Romance-speaking countries and territories of the Americas and the Caribbean south of the United States.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge narrower than the standard.
Natal ("Christmas") is the capital and largest city of the state Rio Grande do Norte, located in northeastern Brazil.
The National Historical Museum of Brazil (Museu Histórico Nacional), was created in 1922, and possesses over 287,000 items, including the largest numismatic collection of Latin America.
A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy.
A national library is a library specifically established by the government of a country to serve as the preeminent repository of information for that country.
The Biblioteca Nacional do Brasil (English: National Library of Brazil) is the depository of the bibliographic and documentary heritage of Brazil. It is located in Rio de Janeiro,the Capital of Brazil from 1822-1960, more specifically at Cinelândia square. The largest library in Latin America and the 7th largest in the world, its collections include about 9 million items. It organized the first library science courses in Latin America and its staff has led the modernization of library services, including the development of online databases.
The National Museum (Museu Nacional) is the oldest scientific institution of Brazil and one of the largest museums of natural history and anthropology in the Americas.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New7Wonders of the World (2000–2007) was a campaign started in 2000 to choose Wonders of the World from a selection of 200 existing monuments.
Newark is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County.
Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.
Nicolas Durand, sieur de Villegaignon, also Villegagnon (1510 – 9 January 1571) was a Commander of the Knights of Malta, and later a French naval officer (vice-admiral of Brittany) who attempted to help the Huguenots in France escape persecution.
Niterói is a municipality of the state of Rio de Janeiro in the southeast region of Brazil.
The North Region of Brazil (Região Norte do Brasil) is the largest Region of Brazil, corresponding to 45.27% of the national territory.
The Northeast Region of Brazil (Região Nordeste do Brasil) is one of the five official and political regions of the country according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics.
The Abbey of Our Lady of Montserrat (Abadia de Nossa Senhora do Monserrate), more commonly known as the Mosteiro de São Bento (Monastery of St. Benedict), is a Benedictine abbey located on the Morro de São Bento (St. Benedict Hill) in downtown Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Nova Iguaçu (locally: or, New Iguaçu) is a municipality in Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil.
Novo Rio Bus Terminal (Portuguese: Terminal Rodoviário Novo Rio) is a bus station in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.
O Dia is a major daily newspaper in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
O Globo (The Globe) is a Brazilian newspaper based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Oi (Portuguese for "Hi"), formerly known as Telemar, is the largest telecommunications company in Brazil and South America, both in terms of subscribers and revenues.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
Oklahoma City, often shortened to OKC, is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Oklahoma.
The Old Cathedral of Rio de Janeiro dedicated to Our Lady of Mount Carmel, (Portuguese full name: Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Monte do Carmo da antiga Sé, literally Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel of the Ancient See) is an old Carmelite church which served as cathedral (Sé) of Rio de Janeiro from around 1808 until 1976.
Os Lusíadas, usually translated as The Lusiads, is a Portuguese epic poem written by Luís Vaz de Camões (– 1580) and first published in 1572.
Oswaldo Gonçalves Cruz, better known as Oswaldo Cruz (August 5, 1872 in São Luís do Paraitinga, São Paulo province, Brazil – February 11, 1917 in Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro state), was a Brazilian physician, pioneer bacteriologist, epidemiologist and public health officer and the founder of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute.
The Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Portuguese Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, also known as FIOCRUZ) is a scientific institution for research and development in biological sciences located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, it is considered one of the world's main public health research institutions.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Rio de Janeiro: Rio de Janeiro –.
Paço de São Cristóvão (Saint Christopher's Palace; also known as Palácio Imperial or Palácio de São Cristóvão) is a palace located in the Quinta da Boa Vista park in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Paço Imperial, or Imperial Palace, previously known as the Royal Palace of Rio de Janeiro and Palace of the Viceroys, is a historic building in the center of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Pacifying Police Unit (Unidade de Polícia Pacificadora, also translated as Police Pacification Unit), abbreviated UPP, is a law enforcement and social services program pioneered in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which aims to reclaim territories, more commonly favelas, controlled by gangs of drug dealers.
The Palais Garnier (French) is a 1,979-seat opera house, which was built from 1861 to 1875 for the Paris Opera.
Panama City (Ciudad de Panamá) is the capital and largest city of Panama.
Paola (Calabrian: Pàula) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Paquetá Island (Ilha de Paquetá) is an island in Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro.
The Paraíba do Sul, or simply termed Paraíba, is a river in southeast Brazil.
The Paraíba Valley (Vale do Paraíba) is a region in the eastern part of the state of São Paulo and the western part of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Pardo is a term used in the Portuguese and Spanish colonies in the Americas to refer to the triracial descendants of Europeans, Indigenous Americans, and West Africans.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Paris Opera (French) is the primary opera company of France.
Parque Lage (in full "Parque Enrique Lage") is a public park in the city of Rio de Janeiro, located in the Jardim Botânico neighborhood at the foot of the Corcovado.
The Passeio Público is a public park in the historic centre of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Pedra Branca State Park (Parque Estadual da Pedra Branca) is a state park in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Pedra da Gávea is a monolithic mountain in Tijuca Forest, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Pedro Álvares Cabral (or; c. 1467 or 1468 – c. 1520) was a Portuguese nobleman, military commander, navigator and explorer regarded as the discoverer of Brazil.
Dom Pedro I (English: Peter I; 12 October 1798 – 24 September 1834), nicknamed "the Liberator", was the founder and first ruler of the Empire of Brazil.
Dom Pedro II (English: Peter II; 2 December 1825 – 5 December 1891), nicknamed "the Magnanimous", was the second and last ruler of the Empire of Brazil, reigning for over 58 years.
Pen, Sword, Camisole (Portuguese: Farda Fardão Camisola de Dormir) is a Brazilian Modernist novel.
Petróleo Brasileiro S.A. — Petrobras, more commonly known as simply Petrobras, is a semi-public Brazilian multinational corporation in the petroleum industry headquartered in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
Pharmaceutics is the discipline of pharmacy that deals with the process of turning a new chemical entity (NCE) or old drugs into a medication to be used safely and effectively by patients.
A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Alfredo da Rocha Viana, Jr., better known as Pixinguinha (April 23, 1897February 7, 1973) was a composer, arranger, flautist and saxophonist born in Rio de Janeiro.
Pluricontinentalism (Portuguese: Pluricontinentalismo) was a geopolitical concept, positing that Portugal was a transcontinental country and a unitary nation-state consisting of continental Portugal and its overseas provinces.
A political campaign is an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making process within a specific group.
The Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, PUC-Rio) is a Catholic pontifical university in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Port of Rio de Janeiro (Porto do Rio de Janeiro) is a seaport in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil located in a cove on the west shore of Guanabara Bay.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Portuguese Brazilians (luso-brasileiros) are Brazilian citizens whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Portugal.
The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire (Império Colonial Português), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
A power outage (also called a power cut, a power out, a power blackout, power failure or a blackout) is a short-term or a long-term loss of the electric power to a particular area.
Praça XV Station (Portuguese: Estação Praça XV) is a ferry terminal in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
A prince regent, or prince-regent, is a prince who rules a monarchy as regent instead of a monarch, e.g., as a result of the Sovereign's incapacity (minority or illness) or absence (remoteness, such as exile or long voyage, or simply no incumbent).
The Proclamation of the Republic (Proclamação da República do Brasil) was a military coup d'état that established the First Brazilian Republic on 15 November 1889.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Public housing is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local.
Public property is property that is dedicated to public use and is a subset of state property.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
A public–private partnership (PPP, 3P or P3) is a cooperative arrangement between two or more public and private sectors, typically of a long-term nature.
Punk rock and hardcore punk in Brazil originated in the late 1970s, influenced by bands such as Sex Pistols, The Clash, Stiff Little Fingers and The Ramones.
QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).
Queer is an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities who are not heterosexual or cisgender.
Quincas Borba is a novel written by the Brazilian writer Machado de Assis.
The Quinta da Boa Vista (Estate with the Good View) is a public park of great historical importance in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Quito (Kitu; Kitu), formally San Francisco de Quito, is the capital city of Ecuador, and at an elevation of above sea level, it is the second-highest official capital city in the world, after La Paz, and the one which is closest to the equator.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Realengo is a neighbourhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements.
Recreio dos Bandeirantes (or simply Recreio) is both the name of a beach and neighborhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Brazil is geopolitically divided into five regions (also called macroregions) by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE); each region is composed of three or more states.
Relative humidity (RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature.
René Trouin, Sieur du Gué, usually called René Duguay-Trouin, (10 June 1673 in Saint Malo – 1736) was a famous Breton corsair of Saint-Malo.
A research institute or research center is an establishment founded for doing research.
The Revolt of the Lash (Revolta da Chibata) was a naval mutiny in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in late November 1910.
The right of asylum (sometimes called right of political asylum, from the Ancient Greek word ἄσυλον) is an ancient juridical concept, under which a person persecuted by his own country may be protected by another sovereign authority, such as another country or church official, who in medieval times could offer sanctuary.
The Carnival in Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese: Carnaval do Rio de Janeiro) is a festival held every year before Lent and considered the biggest carnival in the world with two million people per day on the streets.
The Rio Champions Cup is an event in the Outback Champions Series for senior tennis players.
Rio de Janeiro is one of the 27 federative units of Brazil.
The Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden or Jardim Botânico is located at the Jardim Botânico district in the South Zone of Rio de Janeiro.
The Metropolitan Cathedral of Saint Sebastian (Catedral Metropolitana de São Sebastião) better known as the Metropolitan Cathedral of Rio de Janeiro (Catedral Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro) or as the Cathedral of St.
The Festival do Rio is an international film festival in Rio de Janeiro.
Rio de Janeiro Light Rail (VLT do Rio de Janeiro) is a modern light rail system serving Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Rio de Janeiro Metro (Portuguese: MetrôRio, commonly referred to as just the Metrô) is a mass-transit underground railway network that serves the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Rio de Janeiro State Universityhttp://www.uerj.br/modulos/hotsite/index.php?lang.
The Rio de Janeiro Stock Exchange (Bolsa de Valores do Rio de Janeiro, or BVRJ) was Brazil's second largest exchange (after the Bovespa stock exchange in São Paulo), and was amongst the oldest of Brazilian stock exchanges.
Rio de Janeiro–Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport, popularly known by its original name Galeão International Airport, is the main airport serving Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
President Costa e Silva Bridge, commonly known as the Rio-Niterói Bridge, is a box girder bridge crossing Guanabara Bay, in the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.
Roche Applied Science is a global business entity in the biotechnology sector that produces reagents and systems for life sciences research, with an emphasis on molecular genetics and cell biology research needs.
Rock climbing is an activity in which participants climb up, down or across natural rock formations or artificial rock walls.
Rock in Rio is a recurring music festival originating in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Rodovia Presidente Dutra, (BR-116 – or SP-060 in the state of São Paulo), colloquially known as Via Dutra is a federal highway which runs through the eastern part of the state of São Paulo and southwestern region of the state of Rio de Janeiro.
Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon (Portuguese: Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas) is a lagoon in the district of Lagoa in the Zona Sul (South Zone) area of Rio de Janeiro.
Roll-on/roll-off (RORO or ro-ro) ships are vessels designed to carry wheeled cargo, such as cars, trucks, semi-trailer trucks, trailers, and railroad cars, that are driven on and off the ship on their own wheels or using a platform vehicle, such as a self-propelled modular transporter.
Rowing, often referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport whose origins reach back to Ancient Egyptian times.
Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known as Shell, is a British–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.
Saúde is a neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Sailing as a sport involves a variety of competitive sailing formats that are sanctioned through various sailing federations and yacht clubs.
A saint’s name is the name of a saint given to individuals at their baptism or confirmation within the Catholic Church.
Salvador, also known as São Salvador, Salvador de Bahia, and Salvador da Bahia, is the capital of the Brazilian state of Bahia.
Samba is a Brazilian musical genre and dance style, with its roots in Africa via the West African slave trade and African religious traditions, particularly of Angola and the Congo, through the samba de roda genre of the northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia, from which it derived.
A samba school (Escola de samba) is a dancing club or.
The Sambadrome Marquês de Sapucaí is a purpose-built parade area built for the Rio Carnival in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
San José (literally meaning "Saint Joseph") is the capital and largest city of Costa Rica.
San Juan (Saint John) is the capital and most populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States.
San Salvador ("Holy Savior") is the capital and the most populous city of El Salvador and its eponymous department.
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.
Santa Cruz Air Force Base – BASC is a base of the Brazilian Air Force located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Santa Cruz (Saint Cross) is an extensive and populous neighborhood of the high class, lower middle and low in the West Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the farthest from the center of Rio de Janeiro.
The Santa Teresa Tram (Bonde de Santa Teresa) is a historic tram line in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Santa Teresa is the name of a neighborhood in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
Santo Domingo (meaning "Saint Dominic"), officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.
Santos Dumont Airport is the second major airport serving Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
São Conrado is a neighborhood in the South Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
São Gonçalo is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
São Paulo is one of the 26 states of the Federative Republic of Brazil and is named after Saint Paul of Tarsus.
São Paulo/Congonhas Airport is one of the four commercial airports serving São Paulo, Brazil (Campo de Marte Airport, Viracopos International Airport, and São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport being the other three).
Sérgio de Oliveira Cabral Santos Filho (born January 27, 1963) is a Brazilian politician, journalist and convicted felon.
In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.
Dom Sebastian I (Portuguese: Sebastião I; 20 January 1554 – 4 August 1578) was King of Portugal and the Algarves from 11 June 1557 to 4 August 1578 and the penultimate Portuguese monarch of the House of Aviz.
Semi-finished casting products are intermediate castings produced in a steel mill that need further processing before being a finished good.
Sepetiba is a neighborhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, surrounded by Santa Cruz and Guaratiba, and by the Sepetiba Bay.
Serra do Mar (Portuguese for Sea's ridge or Sea ridge) is a 1,500 km long system of mountain ranges and escarpments in Southeastern Brazil.
Severe weather refers to any dangerous meteorological phenomena with the potential to cause damage, serious social disruption, or loss of human life.
A sibling is one of two or more individuals having one or both parents in common.
Sistema Cantareira (Cantareira system) is a water supply system in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.
Sister Cities International (SCI) is a nonprofit citizen diplomacy network that creates and strengthens partnerships between communities in the United States and those in other countries, particularly through the establishment of "sister cities".
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Slavery in Brazil began long before the first Portuguese settlement was established in 1532, as members of one tribe would enslave captured members of another.
A slum is a highly populated urban residential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
Snow grains are a form of precipitation.
The South Zone (Portuguese: Zona Sul -) is an area of the city of Rio de Janeiro situated between the Tijuca Massif, the Atlantic Ocean and Guanabara Bay.
The Southeast Region of Brazil (Região Sudeste do Brasil) is composed by the states of Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.
The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spanish emigration peaked in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and it was concentrated to Argentina, Uruguay and Cuba.
Spiritism is a spiritualistic religion codified in the 19th century by the French educator Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail, under the codename Allan Kardec; it proposed the study of "the nature, origin, and destiny of spirits, and their relation with the corporeal world".
The State of Brazil (Estado do Brasil) was one of the states of the Portuguese Empire, in the Americas during the period of Colonial Brazil.
The Federative Republic of Brazil is a union of 27 Federative Units (Unidades Federativas, UF): 26 states (estados) and one federal district (distrito federal), where the federal capital, Brasília, is located.
Sugarloaf Mountain (Pão de Açúcar) is a peak situated in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, at the mouth of Guanabara Bay on a peninsula that juts out into the Atlantic Ocean.
SuperVia Trens Urbanos (meaning SuperVia Urban Trains) is a Brazilian train operator founded in Rio de Janeiro in November 1998.
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.
Swiss Brazilians (helveto-brasileiros, brasileiros suíços) are Brazilian citizens of full or partial Swiss ancestry, who remain culturally connected to Switzerland, or Swiss-born people permanently residing in Brazil.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Taquara is a neighborhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Tegucigalpa (formally Tegucigalpa, Municipality of the Central District, Tegucigalpa, Municipio del Distrito Central or Tegucigalpa, M.D.C.), colloquially referred to as Téguz, is the capital and largest city of Honduras along with its twin sister, Comayagüela.
Tenentism (tenentismo) was a political philosophy of junior army officers (tenentes,, lieutenants) who contributed significantly to the Brazilian Revolution of 1930.
"Garota de Ipanema" ("The Girl from Ipanema") is a Brazilian bossa nova jazz song.
The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas (Memorias Posthumas de Braz Cubas, modern spelling Memórias Póstumas de Brás Cubas), often subtitled as the Epitaph of a Small Winner, is a novel by the Brazilian writer Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis.
The Theatro Municipal (Municipal Theatre) is an opera house in the Centro district of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Thomas Donohoe, originally from Busby, Renfrewshire, was a Scottish immigrant in Brazil who organized the first ever football match in the history of Brazilian football.
Tijuca (meaning marsh or swamp in the Tupi language, from ty ("water") and îuká ("to kill")) is a neighbourhood of the Northern Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Tijuca Forest (Floresta da Tijuca) is a tropical rainforest in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
In use from 21 February 2016, to 16 October 2016.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
A tornado is a rapidly rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
Transcarioca is a bus rapid transit (BRT) line in Rio de Janeiro, connecting Barra da Tijuca with Galeão International Airport.
The transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil occurred with the strategic retreat of Queen Maria I of Portugal, Prince Regent John, also referred to as Dom João or Dom João VI, and the Braganza royal family and its court of nearly 15,000 people from Lisbon on November 29, 1807.
Transoeste is a bus rapid transit (BRT) line stretching from Barra da Tijuca to Santa Cruz, with a branch to Campo Grande.
TransOlímpica is a bus rapid transit (BRT) line in Rio de Janeiro connecting Barra da Tijuca and Deodoro.
The Tropic of Capricorn (or the Southern Tropic) is the circle of latitude that contains the subsolar point on the December (or southern) solstice.
A tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate) is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am".
Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
The Tupi people were one of the most important indigenous peoples in Brazil.
Udaipur /ʊdəjpur/, also known as the "City of Lakes" is a major city, municipal corporation and the administrative headquarters of the Udaipur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Umbanda is a syncretic Afro-Brazilian religion that blends African traditions with Roman Catholicism, Spiritism, and Indigenous American beliefs.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities, UCCI (Unión de Ciudades Capitales Iberoamericanas and União de Cidades Capitais Ibero-americanas), is an international, non-governmental organization of 29 major Ibero-American cities that fosters ties and friendly relations between its members.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves was a pluricontinental monarchy formed by the elevation of the Portuguese colony named State of Brazil to the status of a kingdom and by the simultaneous union of that Kingdom of Brazil with the Kingdom of Portugal and the Kingdom of the Algarves, constituting a single state consisting of three kingdoms.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), also known as Rio 2012, Rio+20, or Earth Summit 2012 was the third international conference on sustainable development aimed at reconciling the economic and environmental goals of the global community.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Urban contemporary is a music radio format.
An urban forest is a forest or a collection of trees that grow within a city, town or a suburb.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.
Urca is a traditional and wealthy residential neighborhood with nearly 7,000 inhabitants (2000 census) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Uruguay national football team represents Uruguay in international association football and is controlled by the Uruguayan Football Association, the governing body for football in Uruguay.
Uruguay v Brazil was the decisive match of the final group stage at the 1950 FIFA World Cup.
The Vaccine Revolt or Vaccine Rebellion (Portuguese: Revolta da Vacina) was a period of civil disorder which occurred in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (November 10–18, 1904).
Vale S.A. is a Brazilian multinational corporation engaged in metals and mining and one of the largest logistics operators in Brazil.
The Vargas Era (Portuguese: Era Vargas) is the period in the history of Brazil between 1930 and 1945, when the country was under the dictatorship of Getúlio Vargas.
Veja (English: see, look) is a Brazilian weekly news magazine published in São Paulo and distributed throughout the country by media conglomerate Grupo Abril.
Villegagnon Island (former Serigipe Island—original Portuguese: Ilha de Villegagnon—also known in English as: Villegaignon Island, Island of Villegagnon or Island of Villegaignon) is located near the mouth of the large Guanabara Bay, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Marcus Vinicius da Cruz e Mello Moraes (19 October 1913 – 9 July 1980), also known as Vinícius de MoraesAccording to current Portuguese orthography, the name would be spelled Vinícius de Morais.
The Vista Chinesa (Chinese Belvedere) is one of the belvederi of Rio de Janeiro, at the topmost of one of the roads that connect the Jardim Botânico area to the Parque Nacional & Floresta da Tijuca, known as the Estrada da Vista Chinesa.
Walter Moreira Salles, Jr. (born 12 April 1956) is a Brazilian filmmaker and film producer of international prominence.
The War of Independence of Brazil (also known as the Brazilian War of Independence) was waged between the newly independent Brazilian Empire and United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves which had just undergone the Liberal Revolution of 1820.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
White Brazilians (brasileiros brancos) refers to Brazilian citizens of European or Levantine descent.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The World Heritage Committee selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, monitors the state of conservation of the World Heritage properties, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
The World Surf League (WSL) is the governing body for professional surfers and is dedicated to showcasing the world’s best talent in a variety of progressive formats.
World Youth Day (WYD) is an event for young people organized by the Catholic Church.
World Youth Day 2013, stylized WYDRio2013, was the 15th international World Youth Day, an international Catholic event focused on religious faith and youth.
Yachting refers to the use of recreational boats and ships called yachts for sporting purposes.
Yellow fever is a viral disease of typically short duration.
Yerevan (Երևան, sometimes spelled Erevan) is the capital and largest city of Armenia as well as one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.
Zambo and cafuzo are racial terms used in the Spanish and Portuguese empires and occasionally today to identify individuals in the Americas who are of mixed African and Amerindian ancestry (the analogous English term, sambo, is considered a slur).
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
The 18 of the Copacabana Fort revolt occurred on July 5, 1922, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, then the Federal District of Brazil.
The 1936 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Nazi Germany.
The 1950 FIFA World Cup, held in Brazil from 24 June to 16 July 1950, was the fourth FIFA World Cup.
The 1954 FIBA World Championship (also called the 2nd World Basketball Championship – 1954) was an international basketball tournament held by the International Basketball Federation in Ginásio do Maracanãzinho, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from October 23 to November 5, 1954.
The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, in November–December 1956, apart from the equestrian events, which were held five months earlier in Stockholm, Sweden.
The 1963 FIBA World Championship was an international basketball competition hosted by Brazil.
The 1964 Brazilian coup d'état (Golpe de estado no Brasil em 1964 or, more colloquially, Golpe de 64) was a series of events in Brazil from March 31 to April 1 that led to the overthrow of President João Goulart by members of the Brazilian Armed Forces, supported by the United States government.
The 1968 Summer Olympics (Spanish: Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1968), officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Mexico City, Mexico, in October 1968.
The 2000 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was held between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
The 2007 Pan American Games, officially known as the XV Pan American Games, were a major continental multi-sport event that took place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from July 13 to July 29, 2007.
The 2011 Military World Games, officially known as the 5th CISM Military World Games, was hosted from July 15–24, 2011 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup was the ninth FIFA Confederations Cup, which was held in Brazil from 15 June to 30 June 2013 as a prelude to the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
The 2014 FIFA World Cup was the 20th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial world championship for men's national football teams organized by FIFA.
The 2014 FIFA World Cup Final was a football match that took place on 13 July 2014 at the Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to determine the 2014 FIFA World Cup champion.
The 2016 Summer Olympics (Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2016), officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and commonly known as Rio 2016, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 5 to 21 August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 3 August.
The closing ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics was held on 21 August 2016 from 20:00 to 22:50 BRT at the Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The opening ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics took place on the evening of Friday 5 August 2016 in the Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, starting at 20:00 BRT (23:00 UTC).
The 2016 Summer Paralympics, the 15th Summer Paralympic Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 7 September to 18 September 2016.
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