117 relations: Albert Eschenmoser, Aldrichimica Acta, Alkaloid, AMA Scientific Achievement Award, American Chemical Society, Antibiotic, Arthur C. Cope Award, Bachelor of Science, Basel, Boston, Brandeis University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Carbomycin, Cephalosporin, Chain smoking, Chemical reaction, Chemistry, Chicago, Chlorophyll, Cholesterol, Christopher Kelk Ingold, Christopher Spencer Foote, Colchicine, Copley Medal, Cortisone, David Dolphin, Davy Medal, Derek Barton, Diels–Alder reaction, Doctor of Philosophy, Dorothy Hodgkin, Edward Abraham, Enantioselective synthesis, Ernst Otto Fischer, Erythromycin, Estrone, Eudoxia Woodward, Extended Hückel method, Fellow of the Royal Society, Ferrocene, Franklin Institute, Geoffrey Wilkinson, Haifa, Harvard University, Imprimatur, Infrared spectroscopy, James Flack Norris, John Scott Medal, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Kendall Houk, ..., Kenichi Fukui, Lactam, Lavoisier Medal, List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1956, Ludwig Gattermann, Lysergic acid, Malaria, Massachusetts, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Merck & Co., Molecular orbital, Molecule, Myocardial infarction, National Medal of Science, Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Order of the Rising Sun, Organic chemistry, Organic synthesis, Organometallic chemistry, Oxazolone, Oxytetracycline, Penicillin, Pfizer, Philadelphia, Physical organic chemistry, Polaroid Corporation, Quincy High School (Massachusetts), Quincy, Massachusetts, Quinine, Reserpine, Roald Hoffmann, Robert Robinson (organic chemist), Ronald Breslow, Royal Society, Santonic acid, Science (journal), Scripps Research Institute, Société chimique de France, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Steven A. Benner, Strychnine, Stuart Schreiber, Symmetry, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, The New York Times, Thiazolidine, Transition metal, Ultraviolet, Université catholique de Louvain, University of Cambridge, University of Western Ontario, Vitamin B12, Vitamin B12 total synthesis, War Production Board, Weizmann Institute of Science, Wesleyan University, Willard Gibbs Award, William R. Roush, William von Eggers Doering, Woodward cis-hydroxylation, Woodward's rules, Woodward–Hoffmann rules, X-ray crystallography, Yoshito Kishi. Expand index (67 more) » « Shrink index
Albert Eschenmoser (born August 5, 1925) is a Swiss organic chemist best known for his work on the synthesis of complex heterocyclic natural compounds, most notably vitamin B12.
Aldrichimica Acta is a scientific journal published by Sigma-Aldrich.
Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.
The AMA Scientific Achievement Award is awarded by American Medical Association.
The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
The Arthur C. Cope Award is a prize awarded for achievement in the field of organic chemistry research.
A Bachelor of Science (Latin Baccalaureus Scientiae, B.S., BS, B.Sc., BSc, or B.Sc; or, less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B., from the equivalent Latin Scientiae Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years, or a person holding such a degree.
Basel (also Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Brandeis University is an American private research university in Waltham, Massachusetts, 9 miles (14 km) west of Boston.
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.
Carbomycin, also known as magnamycin, is a colorless, optically active crystalline macrolide antibiotic with the molecular formula C42H67NO16.
The cephalosporins (sg.) are a class of β-lactam antibiotics originally derived from the fungus Acremonium, which was previously known as "Cephalosporium".
Chain smoking is the practice of smoking several cigarettes in succession, sometimes using the ember of a finished cigarette to light the next.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chlorophyll (also chlorophyl) is any of several related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
Sir Christopher Kelk Ingold (28 October 1893 – 8 December 1970) was a British chemist based in Leeds and London.
Christopher Spencer Foote (June 5, 1935 – June 13, 2005) was a professor of chemistry at UCLA and an expert in reactive oxygen species, in particular, singlet oxygen.
Colchicine is a medication most commonly used to treat gout.
The Copley Medal is a scientific award given by the Royal Society, for "outstanding achievements in research in any branch of science." It alternates between the physical and the biological sciences.
Cortisone, also known as 17α,21-dihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,11,20-trione, is a pregnane (21-carbon) steroid hormone.
David H. Dolphin, (born January 15, 1940) is a Canadian biochemist.
The Davy Medal is awarded by the Royal Society of London "for an outstandingly important recent discovery in any branch of chemistry".
Sir Derek Harold Richard Barton (8 September 1918 – 16 March 1998) was an English organic chemist and Nobel Prize laureate for 1969.
The Diels–Alder reaction is an organic chemical reaction (specifically, a cycloaddition) between a conjugated diene and a substituted alkene, commonly termed the dienophile, to form a substituted cyclohexene derivative.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin (12 May 1910 – 29 July 1994) was a British chemist who developed protein crystallography, for which she won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1964.
Sir Edward Penley Abraham, (10 June 1913 – 8 May 1999) was an English biochemist instrumental in the development of the first antibiotics penicillin and cephalosporin.
Enantioselective synthesis, also called asymmetric synthesis, is a form of chemical synthesis.
Ernst Otto Fischer (10 November 1918 – 23 July 2007) was a German chemist who won the Nobel Prize for pioneering work in the area of organometallic chemistry.
Erythromycin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.
Estrone (E1), also spelled oestrone, is a steroid, a weak estrogen, and a minor female sex hormone.
Eudoxia Muller Woodward (June 14, 1919 – January 20, 2008) was an American artist and chemistry researcher.
The extended Hückel method is a semiempirical quantum chemistry method, developed by Roald Hoffmann since 1963.
Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society judges to have made a "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".
Ferrocene is an organometallic compound with the formula Fe(C5H5)2.
The Franklin Institute is a science museum and the center of science education and research in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Sir Geoffrey Wilkinson FRS (14 July 1921 – 26 September 1996) was a Nobel laureate English chemist who pioneered inorganic chemistry and homogeneous transition metal catalysis.
Haifa (חֵיפָה; حيفا) is the third-largest city in Israel – after Jerusalem and Tel Aviv– with a population of in.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
An imprimatur (from Latin, "let it be printed") is, in the proper sense, a declaration authorizing publication of a book.
Infrared spectroscopy (IR spectroscopy or vibrational spectroscopy) involves the interaction of infrared radiation with matter.
James Flack Norris (January 20, 1871 – August 4, 1940) was an American chemist.
The John Scott Legacy Medal and Premium, created in 1816, is a medal presented to men and women whose inventions improved the "comfort, welfare, and happiness of human kind" in a significant way.
The Journal of the American Chemical Society (also known as JACS) is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society.
Kendall Newcomb Houk is the Saul Winstein Chair in Organic Chemistry at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Kenichi Fukui (福井 謙一 Fukui Ken'ichi, October 4, 1918 – January 9, 1998) was a Japanese chemist, known as the first Asian scientist to receive a chemistry Nobel Prize.
A lactam is a cyclic amide.
A Lavoisier Medal is an award named and given in honor of Antoine Lavoisier, considered by some to be a father of modern chemistry.
Fellows of the Royal Society who were elected in 1956.
Ludwig Gattermann (20 April 1860 – 20 June 1920) was a German chemist who contributed significantly to both organic and inorganic chemistry.
Lysergic acid, also known as D-lysergic acid and (+)-lysergic acid, is a precursor for a wide range of ergoline alkaloids that are produced by the ergot fungus and found in the seeds of Turbina corymbosa (ololiuhqui), Argyreia nervosa (Hawaiian Baby Woodrose), and Ipomoea tricolor (morning glories, tlitliltzin).
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Merck & Company, Inc., d.b.a. Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) outside the United States and Canada, is an American pharmaceutical company and one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world.
In chemistry, a molecular orbital (MO) is a mathematical function describing the wave-like behavior of an electron in a molecule.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
The National Medal of Science is an honor bestowed by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social sciences, biology, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and physics.
The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a physical phenomenon in which nuclei in a magnetic field absorb and re-emit electromagnetic radiation.
The is a Japanese order, established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji of Japan.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.
Organometallic chemistry is the study of organometallic compounds, chemical compounds containing at least one chemical bond between a carbon atom of an organic molecule and a metal, including alkaline, alkaline earth, and transition metals, and sometimes broadened to include metalloids like boron, silicon, and tin, as well.
Oxazolone is a chemical compound and functional group, with the molecular formula C3H3NO2.
Oxytetracycline was the second of the broad-spectrum tetracycline group of antibiotics to be discovered.
Penicillin (PCN or pen) is a group of antibiotics which include penicillin G (intravenous use), penicillin V (use by mouth), procaine penicillin, and benzathine penicillin (intramuscular use).
Pfizer Inc. is an American pharmaceutical conglomerate headquartered in New York City, with its research headquarters in Groton, Connecticut.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Physical organic chemistry, a term coined by Louis Hammett in 1940, refers to a discipline of organic chemistry that focuses on the relationship between chemical structures and reactivity, in particular, applying experimental tools of physical chemistry to the study of organic molecules.
Polaroid is an American company that is a brand licensor and marketer of its portfolio of consumer electronics to companies that distribute consumer electronics and eyewear.
Quincy High School (QHS) is a public secondary school located on Coddington Street in Quincy, Massachusetts.
Quincy is the largest city in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States.
Quinine is a medication used to treat malaria and babesiosis.
Reserpine (also known by trade names Raudixin, Serpalan, Serpasil) is an indole alkaloid, Major Types Of Chemical Compounds In Plants & Animals Part II: Phenolic Compounds, Glycosides & Alkaloids. Wayne's Word: An On-Line Textbook of Natural History.
Roald Hoffmann (born Roald Safran; July 18, 1937) is a Polish-American theoretical chemist who won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Sir Robert Robinson (13 September 1886 – 8 February 1975) was a British organic chemist and Nobel laureate recognised in 1947 for his research on plant dyestuffs (anthocyanins) and alkaloids.
Ronald Charles D. Breslow (March 14, 1931 – October 25, 2017) was an American chemist from Rahway, New Jersey.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
Santonic acid is an organic compound containing both carboxylic acid and ketone functionality.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) is a nonprofit American medical research facility that focuses on research and education in the biomedical sciences.
The Société Chimique de France (SCF) is a learned society and professional association founded in 1857 to represent the interests of French chemists in a variety of ways in local, national and international contexts.
Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.
Stereochemistry, a subdiscipline of chemistry, involves the study of the relative spatial arrangement of atoms that form the structure of molecules and their manipulation.
Steven Albert Benner (born October 23, 1954) has been a professor at Harvard University, ETH Zurich, and the University of Florida where he was the V.T. & Louise Jackson Distinguished Professor of Chemistry.
Strychnine (also or) is a highly toxic, colorless, bitter, crystalline alkaloid used as a pesticide, particularly for killing small vertebrates such as birds and rodents.
Stuart L. Schreiber (born 6 February 1956) is a scientist at Harvard University and co-Founder of the Broad Institute.
Symmetry (from Greek συμμετρία symmetria "agreement in dimensions, due proportion, arrangement") in everyday language refers to a sense of harmonious and beautiful proportion and balance.
The Technion – Israel Institute of Technology (הטכניון – מכון טכנולוגי לישראל Ha-Tekhniyon — Makhon Tekhnologi le-Yisrael) is a public research university in Haifa, Israel.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Thiazolidine is a heterocyclic organic compound with the formula (CH2)3(NH)S.
In chemistry, the term transition metal (or transition element) has three possible meanings.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
The University of Louvain (Université catholique de Louvain, UCL) is Belgium's largest French-speaking university.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Western Ontario (UWO), corporately branded as Western University as of 2012 and commonly shortened to Western, is a public research university in London, Ontario, Canada.
Vitamin B12, also called cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in the metabolism of every cell of the human body: it is a cofactor in DNA synthesis, and in both fatty acid and amino acid metabolism.
The total synthesis of the complex biomolecule vitamin B12 was first accomplished by the collaborating research groups of Robert Burns Woodward at Harvard and Albert Eschenmoser at ETH in 1972.
The War Production Board (WPB) was an agency of the United States government that supervised war production during World War II.
The Weizmann Institute of Science (מכון ויצמן למדע Machon Weizmann LeMada) is a public research university in Rehovot, Israel, established in 1934, 14 years before the State of Israel.
Wesleyan University is a private liberal arts college in Middletown, Connecticut, founded in 1831.
The Willard Gibbs Award, presented by the of the American Chemical Society, was established in 1910 by William A. Converse (1862–1940), a former Chairman and Secretary of the Chicago Section of the society and named for Professor Josiah Willard Gibbs (1839–1903) of Yale University.
William R. Roush is an American organic chemist.
William von Eggers Doering (June 22, 1917 – January 3, 2011) was a Professor Emeritus at Harvard University and the former Chair of its Chemistry Department.
The Woodward cis-hydroxylation (also known as the Woodward reaction) is the chemical reaction of alkenes with iodine and silver acetate in wet acetic acid to form cis-diols.
Woodward's rules, named after Robert Burns Woodward and also known as Woodward–Fieser rules (for Louis Fieser) are several sets of empirically derived rules which attempt to predict the wavelength of the absorption maximum (λmax) in an ultraviolet–visible spectrum of a given compound.
The Woodward–Hoffmann rules (or the pericyclic selection rules), devised by Robert Burns Woodward and Roald Hoffmann, are a set of rules used to rationalize or predict certain aspects of the stereochemical outcome and activation energy of pericyclic reactions, an important class of reactions in organic chemistry.
X-ray crystallography is a technique used for determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.
is the Morris Loeb Professor of Chemistry at Harvard University.