234 relations: Afrikaners, Al Stewart, Alexandre de Serpa Pinto, Alfred von Tirpitz, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Allan Nevins, Andrew Roberts (historian), Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, Arthur Balfour, Auckland, Bamber Gascoyne (the elder), Bamber Gascoyne (the younger), Battle of Trafalgar, Battleship, Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment, Bendigo, Benjamin Disraeli, Bering Sea Arbitration, Bernhard von Bülow, Bob's your uncle, Cape Colony, Cape to Cairo Railway, Carlton Club, Causes of World War I, Cecil Rhodes, Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, 19th Earl of Shrewsbury, Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, Christ Church, Oxford, Church of England, Clara in Blunderland, Clement Attlee, Colin Matthew, Commonwealth Institute, Congress of Berlin, Conservative Party (UK), Constantinople Conference, Court of Chancery, Crisp Gascoyne, Cruiser, Dadabhai Naoroji, Dorset, Downing Street, Edward Hall Alderson, Edward Harold Begbie, Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby, Edward VII, Elizabeth I of England, Eton College, Fashoda Incident, ..., Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Fellow of the Royal Society, Finsbury Central (UK Parliament constituency), First Lord of the Treasury, Francis Charteris, 10th Earl of Wemyss, Francis Duncan, Frederic Thesiger, 1st Baron Chelmsford, Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, Gainsford Bruce, Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook, George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, George Goschen, 1st Viscount Goschen, George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon, Georgina Gascoyne-Cecil, Marchioness of Salisbury, Google Books, Government of Ireland Bill 1893, Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, Great Eastern Railway, Greenwood Publishing Group, Grover Cleveland, Gunboat, Harare, Hatfield House, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, Henry Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, Hermenegildo Capelo, Hertfordshire, High Steward of Westminster Abbey, Historiography of the British Empire, History of the Royal Navy, HMS Dreadnought (1906), House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lords, Housing of the Working Classes Act 1885, Hugh Cairns, 1st Earl Cairns, Hugh Cecil, 1st Baron Quickswood, Hyde Park, London, International relations of the Great Powers (1814–1919), Irish Home Rule movement, James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury, James Cecil, 5th Earl of Salisbury, James Cecil, 6th Earl of Salisbury, James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury, James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury, James II of England, Jameson Raid, Jim Broadbent, John Charles Herries, John Dalrymple-Hay, 3rd Baronet, John Douglas Cook, John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, John Gielgud, John Grenville, John Inglis, Lord Glencorse, John Manners, 7th Duke of Rutland, John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, John Sparrow David Thompson, John Stuart Mill, John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley, Joseph Chamberlain, Kaffir (racial term), Kruger telegram, Lady Gwendolen Gascoyne-Cecil, Lake Malawi, Leader of the House of Lords, Leader of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Liberal Party (UK), Liberal Unionist Party, Lincoln's Inn, Lisbon Geographic Society, List of Chancellors of the University of Oxford, List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom by age, London County Council, Lord Edward Cecil, Lord Eustace Cecil, Lord Privy Seal, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, Lord William Cecil (bishop), Lost in Blunderland, Malawi, Malcolm MacColl, Marquess of Salisbury, Maud Palmer, Countess of Selborne, Maurice Cowling, Māori people, Member of parliament, Michael Bentley (historian), Michael Oakeshott, Monroe Doctrine, Mount Alexander, Murder by Decree, Mytilene, National Review (London), Naval Defence Act 1889, Opposition to the Second Boer War, Orange Free State, Order of the Garter, Orissa famine of 1866, Oxford Movement, Paul Kruger, Paul Smith (historian), Pink Map, Point d'appui, Political ethics, Portugal, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Proportional representation, Quarterly Review, Queen Victoria, R. A. Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, Redvers Buller, Reform Act 1867, Representation of the People Act 1884, Representation of the People Act 1918, Rhodesia, Richard Shannon (historian), Robert Blake, Baron Blake, Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, Robert Dudley Baxter, Robert FitzGerald, 19th Earl of Kildare, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 6th Marquess of Salisbury, Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, Roberto Ivens, Royal Navy, Royal Victorian Order, Saturday Review (London newspaper), Scramble for Africa, Second Boer War, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Secretary of State for India, Sermon on the Mount, Sir Charles Dilke, 2nd Baronet, Sleight of hand, South African Republic, Southern Rhodesia, Sparks of Ancient Light, Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, Splendid isolation, St Etheldreda's Church, Hatfield, Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh, Stamford (UK Parliament constituency), Stamford, Lincolnshire, Suez Canal, Tasmania, Thames Embankment, The Guardian, The Legend of Tarzan (film), The Most Honourable, The Pall Mall Gazette, The Salisbury Review, The Times, Timeline of British diplomatic history, Torpedo boat, Trevor Hill, 1st Viscount Hillsborough, Uitlander, Ultramontanism, Union of South Africa, United Kingdom general election, 1880, United Kingdom general election, 1886, United Kingdom general election, 1892, United Kingdom general election, 1895, United Kingdom general election, 1900, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Venezuelan crisis of 1895, Weltpolitik, Wilhelm II, German Emperor, William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, William Compton, 5th Marquess of Northampton, William Crookes, William Ewart Gladstone, William Henry Smith (1825–1891), William III of England, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, William Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne, William Scott (Anglican priest, born 1813), Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Rhodesia. 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Afrikaners are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Alastair Ian Stewart (born 5 September 1945) is a British singer-songwriter and folk-rock musician who rose to prominence as part of the British folk revival in the 1960s and 1970s.
Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto, Viscount of Serpa Pinto (aka Serpa Pinto; April 20, 1846December 28, 1900) was a Portuguese explorer of southern Africa and a colonial administrator.
Alfred Peter Friedrich von Tirpitz (19 March 1849 – 6 March 1930) was a German Grand Admiral, Secretary of State of the German Imperial Naval Office, the powerful administrative branch of the German Imperial Navy from 1897 until 1916.
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (commonly shortened to Alice in Wonderland) is an 1865 novel written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll.
Joseph Allan Nevins (May 20, 1890 – March 5, 1971) was an American historian and journalist, known for his extensive work on the history of the Civil War and his biographies of such figures as Grover Cleveland, Hamilton Fish, Henry Ford, and John D. Rockefeller, as well as his public service.
Andrew Roberts (born 13 January 1963) is a British historian and journalist.
Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, 1st Earl of Midlothian, (7 May 1847 – 21 May 1929) was a British Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from March 1894 to June 1895.
Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, (25 July 184819 March 1930) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1902 to 1905.
Auckland is a city in New Zealand's North Island.
Bamber Gascoyne of Childwall Hall, Lancashire (1725–1791), was an 18th-century English politician who sat in the House of Commons of Great Britain between 1761 and 1786.
Bamber Gascoyne of Childwall Hall, Lancashire (1758 – 17 January 1824) was an eighteenth-century British politician.
The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1796–1815).
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment was the final title of a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was originally formed in 1688.
Bendigo is a city in Victoria, Australia, located very close to the geographical centre of the state and approximately north west of the state capital, Melbourne.
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, (21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
The Bering Sea Arbitration of 1893 arose out of a fishery dispute between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United States in the 1880s.
Bernhard Heinrich Karl Martin von Bülow (3 May 1849 – 28 October 1929), created Prince von Bülow in 1905, was a German statesman who served as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs for three years and then as Chancellor of the German Empire from 1900 to 1909.
...And Bob's your uncle is an expression of unknown origin, that means "and there it is" or "and there you have it." It is commonly used in United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries.
The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa, named after the Cape of Good Hope.
The Cape to Cairo Railway is an uncompleted project to cross Africa from south to north by rail.
The Carlton Club is a gentlemen's club in London which describes itself as the "oldest, and most important of all Conservative clubs in Britain." Membership of the club is by nomination and election only.
The causes of World War I remain controversial.
Cecil John Rhodes PC (5 July 1853 – 26 March 1902) was a British businessman, mining magnate and politician in southern Africa who served as Prime Minister of the Cape Colony from 1890 to 1896.
Charles John Chetwynd-Talbot, 19th Earl of Shrewsbury, 19th Earl of Waterford, 4th Earl Talbot, PC (13 April 1830 – 11 May 1877), styled Viscount Ingestre between 1849 and 1868, was a British Conservative politician.
Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox, and 1st Duke of Gordon, (27 February 1818 – 27 September 1903), styled Lord Settrington until 1819 and Earl of March between 1819 and 1860, was a British Conservative politician.
Christ Church (Ædes Christi, the temple or house, ædēs, of Christ, and thus sometimes known as "The House") is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
Clara in Blunderland is a novel by Caroline Lewis (pseudonym for Edward Harold Begbie, J. Stafford Ransome, and M. H. Temple), written in 1902 and published by William Heinemann of London.
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British statesman of the Labour Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.
Henry Colin Gray Matthew (15 January 1941 – 29 October 1999) was a British historian and academic.
The Commonwealth Institute was established, as the Imperial Institute, by royal charter from Queen Victoria in 1888.
The Congress of Berlin (13 June – 13 July 1878) was a meeting of the representatives of six great powers of the time (Russia, Great Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Germany), the Ottoman Empire and four Balkan states (Greece, Serbia, Romania and Montenegro).
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
The 1876–77 Constantinople Conference (Tersane Konferansı "Shipyard Conference", after the venue Tersane Sarayı "Shipyard Palace") of the Great Powers (Britain, Russia, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy) was held in Constantinople (now Istanbul) from 23 December 1876 until 20 January 1877.
The Court of Chancery was a court of equity in England and Wales that followed a set of loose rules to avoid the slow pace of change and possible harshness (or "inequity") of the common law.
Sir Crisp Gascoyne (1700 – 28 December 1761) was an English businessman who became Lord Mayor of London.
A cruiser is a type of warship.
Dadabhai Naoroji (4 September 1825 – 30 June 1917), known as the Grand Old Man of India, was a Parsi intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political and social leader.
Dorset (archaically: Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast.
Downing Street is a street in London, United Kingdom, known for housing the official residences and offices of the Prime Minister and the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Sir Edward Hall Alderson (baptised 11 September 1787 – 27 January 1857) was an English lawyer and judge whose many judgments on commercial law helped to shape the emerging British capitalism of the Victorian era.
Edward Harold Begbie (1871–1929), also known as Harold Begbie, was an English author and journalist who published nearly 50 books and poems and contributed to periodicals.
Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, (29 March 1799 – 23 October 1869) was a British statesman, three-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and, to date, the longest-serving leader of the Conservative Party.
Edward Henry Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby, (21 July 1826 – 21 April 1893), known as Lord Stanley from 1851 to 1869, was a British statesman.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Eton College is an English independent boarding school for boys in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor.
The Fashoda Incident or Crisis was the climax of imperial territorial disputes between Britain and France in Eastern Africa, occurring in 1898.
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, also known as the Central African Federation (CAF), was a semi-independent federation of three southern African territories – the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia and the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland – between 1953 and 1963.
Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society judges to have made a "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".
Finsbury Central was a parliamentary constituency that covered the Clerkenwell district of Central London.
The First Lord of the Treasury is the head of the commission exercising the ancient office of Lord High Treasurer in the United Kingdom, and is now always also the Prime Minister.
Francis Richard Charteris, 10th Earl of Wemyss (pronounced weems, rhyming with seems) GCVO (4 August 1818 – 30 June 1914), styled as Lord Elcho between 1853 and 1883, was a British Whig politician.
Francis Duncan C.B. (1836 – 16 November 1888) was a Royal Artillery officer, lawyer, historian and Conservative politician.
Frederic Thesiger, 1st Baron Chelmsford, PC, QC, FRS (25 April 1794 – 5 October 1878) was a British jurist and Conservative politician.
Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava (21 June 1826 – 12 February 1902) was a British public servant and prominent member of Victorian society.
Field Marshal Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, (30 September 1832 – 14 November 1914) was a British soldier who was one of the most successful commanders of the 19th century.
Sir Gainsford Bruce (1834 – 24 February 1912) was a British politician and judge.
Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook, (1 October 1814 – 30 October 1906), known as Gathorne Hardy until 1878, was a prominent British Conservative politician, a moderate, middle-of-the road Anglican.
George John Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, (30 April 1823 – 24 April 1900), styled Marquess of Lorne until 1847, was a Scottish peer and Liberal politician as well as a writer on science, religion, and the politics of the 19th century.
George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, (11 January 1859 – 20 March 1925), known as Lord Curzon of Kedleston between 1898 and 1911 and as Earl Curzon of Kedleston between 1911 and 1921, and commonly as Lord Curzon, was a British Conservative statesman.
George Joachim Goschen, 1st Viscount Goschen, PC, DL, FBA (10 August 1831 – 7 February 1907) was a British statesman and businessman best remembered for being "forgotten" by Lord Randolph Churchill.
George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon, (24 October 1827 – 9 July 1909), styled Viscount Goderich from 1833 to 1859 and known as the Earl of Ripon in 1859 and as the Earl de Grey and Ripon from 1859 to 1871, was a British politician who served in every Liberal cabinet from 1861 until the year before his death, which took place forty-eight years later.
Georgina Charlotte Gascoyne-Cecil, Marchioness of Salisbury, (1827 – 20 November 1899) was the wife of British statesman and Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.
Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its codename Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.
The Government of Ireland Bill 1893 (known generally as the Second Home Rule Bill) was the second attempt made by William Ewart Gladstone, as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, to enact a system of home rule for Ireland.
Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, (11 May 1815 – 31 March 1891), styled Lord Leveson until 1846, was a British Liberal statesman from the Leveson-Gower family.
The Great Eastern Railway (GER) was a pre-grouping British railway company, whose main line linked London Liverpool Street to Norwich and which had other lines through East Anglia.
ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.
Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was an American politician and lawyer who was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, the only president in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office (1885–1889 and 1893–1897).
A gunboat is a naval watercraft designed for the express purpose of carrying one or more guns to bombard coastal targets, as opposed to those military craft designed for naval warfare, or for ferrying troops or supplies.
Harare (officially named Salisbury until 1982) is the capital and most populous city of Zimbabwe.
Hatfield House is a country house set in a large park, the Great Park, on the eastern side of the town of Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England.
Hatfield is a town and civil parish in Hertfordshire, England, in the borough of Welwyn Hatfield.
Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon, (24 June 1831 – 29 June 1890), known as Lord Porchester from 1833 to 1849, was a British politician and a leading member of the Conservative Party.
Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, (14 January 1845 – 3 June 1927) was a British statesman who served successively as the fifth Governor General of Canada, Viceroy of India, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
Hermenegildo de Brito Capelo (Palmela, 1841 – Lisbon, 1917) was an officer in the Portuguese Navy and a Portuguese explorer, helping to chart territory between Angola and Mozambique in southern Central Africa that was unknown to Europeans in the 1870s and 1880s.
Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.
The High Steward of Westminster Abbey is an honorary role at Westminster Abbey, London.
The historiography of the British Empire refers to the studies, sources, critical methods and interpretations used by scholars to develop a history of Britain's empire.
The official history of the Royal Navy began with the formal establishment of the Royal Navy as the national naval force of the Kingdom of England in 1660, following the Restoration of King Charles II to the throne.
HMS Dreadnought was a battleship built for the Royal Navy that revolutionised naval power.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Housing of the Working Classes Act 1885 (48 & 49 Vict. c. 72) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Hugh McCalmont Cairns, 1st Earl Cairns, PC, QC (27 December 1819 – 2 April 1885) was an Irish statesman who served as Lord Chancellor of Great Britain during the first two ministries of Benjamin Disraeli.
Hugh Richard Heathcote Gascoyne-Cecil, 1st Baron Quickswood PC (14 October 1869 – 10 December 1956), styled Lord Hugh Cecil until 1941, was a British Conservative Party politician.
Hyde Park is a Grade I-listed major park in Central London.
This article covers worldwide diplomacy and, more generally, the international relations of the major powers from 1814 to 1919, particularly the "Big Four".
The Irish Home Rule movement was a movement that campaigned for self-government for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury, (4 September 1748 – 13 June 1823), styled Viscount Cranborne until 1780 and known as The Earl of Salisbury between 1780 and 1789, was a British nobleman and politician.
James Cecil, 5th Earl of Salisbury (8 June 1691 – 9 October 1728), known as Viscount Cranborne from 1691 to 1694, was a British nobleman, politician, and peer.
James Cecil, 6th Earl of Salisbury (20 October 1713 – 19 September 1780) was a British nobleman, politician, and peer, the son of James Cecil, 5th Earl of Salisbury and a member of one of England's greatest political dynasties.
James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury, (17 April 1791 – 12 April 1868), styled Viscount Cranborne until 1823, was a British Conservative politician.
James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury, (23 October 1861 – 4 April 1947), known as Viscount Cranborne from 1868 to 1903, was a British statesman.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
The Jameson Raid (29 December 1895 – 2 January 1896) was a botched raid against the South African Republic (commonly known as the Transvaal) carried out by British colonial statesman Leander Starr Jameson and his Company troops ("police" in the employ of Beit and Rhodes' British South Africa Company) and Bechuanaland policemen over the New Year weekend of 1895–96.
James Broadbent (born 24 May 1949) is an English actor.
John Charles Herries PC (November 1778 – 24 April 1855), known as J. C. Herries, was a British politician and financier and a frequent member of Tory and Conservative cabinets in the early to mid-19th century.
Admiral Sir John Charles Dalrymple-Hay, 3rd Baronet, (11 February 1821 – 28 January 1912) was a Royal Navy officer and politician.
John Douglas Cook (1808?–1868) was a Scottish journalist, known as the founding editor of the Saturday Review.
John Arbuthnot Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, (25 January 1841 – 10 July 1920), commonly known as Jacky or Jackie Fisher, was a British admiral known for his efforts at naval reform.
Sir Arthur John Gielgud (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000) was an English actor and theatre director whose career spanned eight decades.
John Ashley Soames Grenville (11 January 1928 – 7 March 2011) was a historian of the modern world.
Rt Hon John Inglis, Lord Glencorse FRSE DCL LLD (21 August 1810 – 20 August 1891) was a Scottish politician and judge.
John James Robert Manners, 7th Duke of Rutland, (13 December 1818 – 4 August 1906), known as Lord John Manners before 1888, was an English statesman.
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known by his courtesy title Lord John Russell before 1861, was a leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on two occasions during the early Victorian era.
Sir John Sparrow David Thompson (November 10, 1845 – December 12, 1894) was a Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician who served as the fourth Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1892 until his death.
John Stuart Mill, also known as J.S. Mill, (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873) was a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant.
John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley, (7 January 18268 April 1902), known as the Lord Wodehouse from 1846 to 1866, was a British Liberal politician.
Joseph Chamberlain (8 July 1836 – 2 July 1914) was a British statesman who was first a radical Liberal, then, after opposing home rule for Ireland, a Liberal Unionist, and eventually served as a leading imperialist in coalition with the Conservatives.
Kaffir (alternatively kaffer; originally cafri) is an ethnic slur used to refer to a black person.
The Kruger telegram was a message sent by Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II to Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger, president of the Transvaal Republic, on 3 January 1896.
Lady Gwendolen Gascoyne-Cecil (28 July 1860 – 28 September 1945) was a British author who wrote a four-volume biography of her father, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Life of Robert, marquis of Salisbury.
Lake Malawi, also known as Lake Nyasa in Tanzania and Lago Niassa in Mozambique, is an African Great Lake and the southernmost lake in the East African Rift system, located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania.
The Leader of the House of Lords is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom who is responsible for arranging government business in the House of Lords.
The Leader of Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (more commonly known as the Leader of the Opposition) is the politician who leads the official opposition in the United Kingdom.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The Liberal Unionist Party was a British political party that was formed in 1886 by a faction that broke away from the Liberal Party.
The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn is one of the four Inns of Court in London to which barristers of England and Wales belong and where they are called to the Bar.
The Lisbon Geographic Society (Portuguese: Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa) is a Portuguese scientific society created in Lisbon in the year of 1875, aiming to "promote and assist the study and progress of geography and related sciences in Portugal." The Society was created in the context of the European movement of exploration and colonization, having its activity particular emphasis in the exploration of the African Continent.
This is a list of Chancellors of the University of Oxford in England by year of appointment.
This is a list of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom by age.
London County Council (LCC) was the principal local government body for the County of London throughout its existence from 1889 to 1965, and the first London-wide general municipal authority to be directly elected.
Lord Edward Herbert Gascoyne-Cecil (12 July 1867 – 13 December 1918), known as Lord Edward Cecil, was a distinguished and highly decorated English soldier.
Lord Eustace Brownlow Henry (Gascoyne-)Cecil (24 April 1834 – 3 July 1921) was a British, Conservative Party politician.
The Lord Privy Seal (or, more formally, the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal) is the fifth of the Great Officers of State in the United Kingdom, ranking beneath the Lord President of the Council and above the Lord Great Chamberlain.
The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is a ceremonial official in the United Kingdom.
Lord Rupert Ernest William Gascoyne-Cecil (9 March 1863 – 23 June 1936) was Bishop of Exeter from 1916 to 1936.
Lost in Blunderland: The further adventures of Clara is a novel by Caroline Lewis (pseudonym for Edward Harold Begbie, J. Stafford Ransome, and M. H. Temple), written in 1903 and published by William Heinemann of London.
Malawi (or; or maláwi), officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland.
Malcolm MacColl (27 March 1831 – 5 April 1907), British clergyman and publicist, was the son of a poor Scottish crofter or labourer in Glenfinnan who died when his son was still a boy.
Marquess of Salisbury is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Beatrix Maud Palmer, Countess of Selborne (11 April 1858 – 27 April 1950) was a British political and women's rights activist.
Maurice John Cowling (6 September 1926 – 24 August 2005) was a British historian and a Fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
Michael Bentley is an English historian of British politics in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Michael Joseph Oakeshott FBA (11 December 1901 – 19 December 1990) was an English philosopher and political theorist who wrote about philosophy of history, philosophy of religion, aesthetics, philosophy of education, and philosophy of law.
The Monroe Doctrine was a United States policy of opposing European colonialism in the Americas beginning in 1823.
Mount Alexander is a mountain that is located approximately 125 km north-west of Melbourne, near the small town of Harcourt.
Murder by Decree is a 1979 British-Canadian mystery thriller film directed by Bob Clark.
Mytilene (Μυτιλήνη) is a city founded in the 11th century BC.
The National Review was founded in 1883 by the English writers Alfred Austin and William Courthope.
The Naval Defence Act 1889 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Opposition to the Second Boer War (1899–1902) was a factor in the war.
The Orange Free State (Oranje-Vrijstaat, Oranje-Vrystaat, abbreviated as OVS) was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, which later became a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa.
The Order of the Garter (formally the Most Noble Order of the Garter) is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry (though in precedence inferior to the military Victoria Cross and George Cross) in England and the United Kingdom.
The Orissa famine of 1866 affected the east coast of India from Madras northwards, an area covering 180,000 miles and containing a population of 47,500,000; the impact of the famine, however, was greatest in Orissa, now Odisha, which at that time was quite isolated from the rest of India.
The Oxford Movement was a movement of High Church members of the Church of England which eventually developed into Anglo-Catholicism.
Stephanus Johannes Paulus "Paul" Kruger (10 October 1825 – 14 July 1904) was one of the dominant political and military figures in 19th-century South Africa, and President of the South African Republic (or Transvaal) from 1883 to 1900.
Paul Smith (b. 1937) is a British historian of Victorian England.
The Pink Map, also known as the Rose-Coloured Map, was a document prepared in 1885 to represent Portugal's claim of sovereignty over a land corridor connecting their colonies of Angola and Mozambique during the "Scramble for Africa".
A point d'appui (French for), in military theory, is a location where troops are assembled prior to a battle.
Political ethics (also known as political morality or public ethics) is the practice of making moral judgements about political action and political agents.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions into an electorate are reflected proportionately into the elected body.
The Quarterly Review was a literary and political periodical founded in March 1809 by the well known London publishing house John Murray.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, (30 May 1823 – 8 January 1914), known before his elevation to the peerage as R. A. Cross, was a British statesman and Conservative politician.
General Sir Redvers Henry Buller, (7 December 1839 – 2 June 1908) was a British Army officer and an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Representation of the People Act 1867, 30 & 31 Vict.
In the United Kingdom, the Representation of the People Act 1884 (48 & 49 Vict. c. 3, also known informally as the Third Reform Act) and the Redistribution Act of the following year were laws which further extended the suffrage in Britain after the Derby Government's Reform Act 1867.
The Representation of the People Act 1918 was an Act of Parliament passed to reform the electoral system in Great Britain and Ireland.
Rhodesia was an unrecognised state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe.
Richard Shannon is an historian best known for his two-volume biography of William Ewart Gladstone.
Robert Norman William Blake, Baron Blake, (23 December 1916 – 20 September 2003), was an English historian and peer.
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, (1 June 1563? – 24 May 1612) was an English statesman noted for his skillful direction of the government during the Union of the Crowns, as Tudor England gave way to Stuart rule (1603).
Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, (14 September 1864 – 24 November 1958), known as Lord Robert Cecil from 1868 to 1923,As the younger son of a Marquess, Cecil held the courtesy title of "Lord".
Robert Dudley Baxter (3 February 1827, Doncaster – 1875, Frognal) was an English economist and statistician.
Robert FitzGerald, 19th Earl of Kildare PC (Ire) (4 May 1675 – 20 February 1743), known as Robert FitzGerald until 1707, was an Irish peer.
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, (3 February 183022 August 1903), styled Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until April 1868, was a British statesman of the Conservative Party, serving as Prime Minister three times for a total of over thirteen years.
Robert Edward Peter Gascoyne-Cecil, 6th Marquess of Salisbury, DL (24 October 1916 – 11 July 2003), styled Viscount Cranborne from 1947 to 1972, was a British landowner and Conservative politician.
Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, (5 September 164128 September 1702) was an English nobleman and politician of the Spencer family.
Roberto Ivens (June 12, 1850 in Ponta Delgada – January 28, 1898 in Dafundo, Oeiras) was a Portuguese explorer of Africa, geographer, colonial administrator, and an officer of the Portuguese Navy.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Victorian Order (Ordre royal de Victoria) is a dynastic order of knighthood established in 1896 by Queen Victoria.
The Saturday Review of politics, literature, science, and art was a London weekly newspaper established by A. J. B. Beresford Hope in 1855.
The Scramble for Africa was the occupation, division, and colonization of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, normally referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a senior, high-ranking official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
The Secretary of State for India or India Secretary was the British Cabinet minister and the political head of the India Office responsible for the governance of the British Raj (India), Aden, and Burma.
The Sermon on the Mount (anglicized from the Matthean Vulgate Latin section title: Sermo in monte) is a collection of sayings and teachings of Jesus, which emphasizes his moral teaching found in the Gospel of Matthew (chapters 5, 6, and 7).
Sir Charles Wentworth Dilke, 2nd Baronet, PC (4 September 1843 – 26 January 1911) was an English Liberal and Radical politician.
Sleight of hand (also known as prestidigitation or legerdemain) refers to fine motor skills when used by performing artists in different art forms to entertain or manipulate.
The South African Republic (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902.
The Colony of Southern Rhodesia was a self-governing British Crown colony in southern Africa from 1923 to 1980, the predecessor state of modern Zimbabwe.
Sparks of Ancient Light is the sixteenth studio album by Al Stewart, released on 15 September 2008.
Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, (23 July 1833 – 24 March 1908), styled The Honourable Spencer Cavendish in 1833, Lord Cavendish of Keighley between 1834 and 1858 and Marquess of Hartington between 1858 and 1891, was a British statesman.
"Splendid isolation" is a diplomatic policy of avoiding alliances and entanglements.
St Etheldreda's is the Anglican parish church of Old Hatfield, Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.
Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh, (27 October 1818 – 12 January 1887), known as Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt, from 1851 to 1885, was a British Conservative politician.
Stamford was a constituency in the county of Lincolnshire of the House of Commons for the Parliament of England to 1706 then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918.
Stamford is a town on the River Welland in Lincolnshire, England, north of London on the A1.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
The Thames Embankment is a work of 19th-century civil engineering that reclaimed marshy land next to the River Thames in central London.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Legend of Tarzan is a 2016 adventure film based on the fictional character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs.
The honorific prefix "The Most Honourable" is a form of address that is used in several countries.
The Pall Mall Gazette was an evening newspaper founded in London on 7 February 1865 by George Murray Smith; its first editor was Frederick Greenwood.
The Salisbury Review is a British conservative magazine, published quarterly and founded in 1982.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
This timeline covers the main points of British (and English) foreign policy from 1485 to the early 21st century.
A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval ship designed to carry torpedoes into battle.
Trevor Hill, 1st Viscount Hillsborough (1693 – 5 May 1742) was an Anglo-Irish landowner and politician.
Uitlander, Afrikaans for "foreigner" (lit. "outlander"), was the name given to foreign (mainly British) migrant workers during the Witwatersrand Gold Rush in the independent Transvaal Republic following the discovery of gold in 1886.
Ultramontanism is a clerical political conception within the Catholic Church that places strong emphasis on the prerogatives and powers of the pope.
The Union of South Africa (Unie van Zuid-Afrika, Unie van Suid-Afrika) is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa.
The 1880 United Kingdom general election was a general election in the United Kingdom held from 31 March to 27 April 1880.
The 1886 United Kingdom general election took place from 1 July to 27 July 1886.
The 1892 United Kingdom general election was held from 4 July to 26 July 1892.
The 1895 United Kingdom general election was held between 13 July and 7 August 1895.
The 1900 United Kingdom general election was held between 26 September and 24 October 1900, following the dissolution of Parliament on 25 September.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Venezuelan crisis of 1895 occurred over Venezuela's longstanding dispute with the United Kingdom about the territory of Essequibo and Guayana Esequiba, which Britain claimed as part of British Guiana and Venezuela saw as Venezuelan territory.
Weltpolitik ("world politics") was the imperialist foreign policy adopted by the German Empire during the reign of Emperor Wilhelm II from 1890 onwards.
Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern; 27 January 18594 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, (13 September 15204 August 1598) was an English statesman, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State (1550–1553 and 1558–1572) and Lord High Treasurer from 1572.
William George Spencer Scott Compton, 5th Marquess of Northampton, KG (23 April 1851 – 15 June 1913), known as Lord William Compton from 1877 to 1887 and as Earl Compton from 1887 to 1897, was a British peer and Liberal politician.
Sir William Crookes (17 June 1832 – 4 April 1919) was a British chemist and physicist who attended the Royal College of Chemistry in London, and worked on spectroscopy.
William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.
William Henry Smith, FRS (24 June 1825 – 6 October 1891) was an English bookseller and newsagent of the family firm W H Smith, who expanded the firm and introduced the practice of selling books and newspapers at railway stations.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, (15 March 1779 – 24 November 1848) was a British Whig statesman who served as Home Secretary (1830–1834) and Prime Minister (1834 and 1835–1841).
William Waldegrave Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne, (17 October 1859 – 26 February 1942), styled Viscount Wolmer between 1882 and 1895, was a British politician and colonial administrator.
William Scott (1813–1872) was an English clergyman, a leading High Church figure of his time.
Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire (30 May 1718 – 7 October 1793), known as the Viscount Hillsborough from 1742 to 1751 and as the Earl of Hillsborough from 1751 to 1789, was a British politician of the Georgian era.
Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.
Zimbabwe Rhodesia was an unrecognised state that existed from 1 June 1979 to 12 December 1979.
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