355 relations: A.I. Artificial Intelligence, Adhesive, Afghanistan, Agency (philosophy), AI control problem, AIBO, Alan Turing, Almost Human: Making Robots Think, Aluminium, Ancient Greece, Android (robot), Ant, Archibald Low, Archytas, Artificial intelligence, Ashoka, ASIMO, Assembly line, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, Atlas Copco, Australasia, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Automaton, Automotive industry, Autonomous car, Autonomous robot, Autonomous spaceport drone ship, Autonomous things, BAE Systems Mantis, BAE Systems Taranis, Barcode, Battlestar Galactica (2004 TV series), Baxter (robot), BEAM robotics, Bee, Behavior, Being, Benjamin Miessner, Bhoja, BHP, Bio-inspired robotics, Biomass, BionicKangaroo, Bionics, Body armor, Bomb disposal, Brennan torpedo, Bristol, British Embassy, Tokyo, Bulgarian language, ..., C-3PO, Cable harness, Cam, Caterpillar Inc., Cell (biology), Civilization, Cobot, Cognate, Cognitive robotics, Colony (biology), Computation, Computer, Computer program, Corvée, Crete, Ctesibius, Cyberman, Cyborg, Cylon (Battlestar Galactica), Czech language, Czech Republic, Czechs, Dalek, Dead reckoning, Developmental robotics, Die casting, Digital data, Disability, Doctor Who, Domestic robot, Drilling rig, Duct (flow), E. V. Rieu, Electroactive polymers, Electromagnet, Electromechanics, Electronic component, Elektro, Emergence, Emerging technologies, Energetically Autonomous Tactical Robot, England, Enthiran, Eric (robot), Etymology, Evolutionary robotics, Ewing Township, New Jersey, Ex Machina (film), Exploitation of labour, Ferrofluid, Feudalism, FIRST Lego League, FIRST Lego League Jr., FIRST Robotics Competition, FIRST Tech Challenge, Flash (manufacturing), For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology, Foster-Miller TALON, Foxconn, Frank L. Stulen, Frankenstein, Friendly artificial intelligence, Gakutensoku, Galatea (mythology), General Atomics MQ-1 Predator, General Motors, George Devol, Gerontology, Golem, Greek mathematics, Grey goo, Gynoid, Hans Moravec, Haptic technology, Hephaestus, Hero of Alexandria, History of China, Home automation for the elderly and disabled, Homer, Honda, Horizon Zero Dawn, Housekeeping, Humanoid robot, Hungarian language, I, Robot (film), Iliad, Improvised explosive device, Index of robotics articles, Industrial Age, Industrial robot, Information processing, Inland Fisher Guide Plant (New Jersey), International Federation of Robotics, International Organization for Standardization, Internet bot, Interwar period, Iraq, IRobot, Isaac Asimov, ISO 8373, Ivan Margolius, Jacques de Vaucanson, Japan, John Ericsson, John Louis Lay, John T. Parsons, John von Neumann, Josef Čapek, Joseph Engelberger, Joseph Needham, Karakuri puppet, Karel Čapek, King Mu of Zhou, Komatsu Limited, KUKA, Laboratory, Laparoscopy, Latin, Lawn mower, Lee Gutkind, Legend, Lego Mindstorms NXT, Lely Juno family, Leonardo da Vinci, Leonardo's robot, Lever, Liar! (short story), Lidové noviny, Liezi, Liquid handling robot, Loader (equipment), Logo (programming language), London, Longwall mining, Louis Brennan, Lu Ban, Luna 9, Macedonian language, Machine, Machine perception, Manuel DeLanda, Manufacturing, Mark Tilden, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Medication, Michael J. Freeman, Microbotics, Military robot, Mining, Mohism, Molecular machine, Mozi, Mythology, Nanometre, Nanorobotics, NASA, Neuron, New Statesman, Nikola Tesla, Numerical control, Observational error, Old age, Old Church Slavonic, Outline of robotics, Oxford English Dictionary, PackBot, Packing problems, Palletizer, Paralysis, Paraplegia, Patient, PatrolBot, Pharmacist, Pharmacy technician, Philo of Byzantium, Phonograph, Photomask, Phototaxis, Planet, Plug & Pray, Pneumatic artificial muscles, Pneumatics, Polish language, Printed circuit board, Programmable Universal Machine for Assembly, Prosthesis, Proto-Indo-European language, Ptolemaic Kingdom, Puppet, Pygmalion (mythology), R.U.R., R2-D2, Red Planet (film), Remote control, Renaissance, Replicator (Stargate), Rethink Robotics, Rio Tinto Coal Australia, Rio Tinto Group, RoboBee, RoboCop, Robomow, Robot App Store, Robot competition, Robot end effector, Robot ethics, Robot kit, Robot locomotion, Robot Operating System, Robot Patent, Robot tax, Robotic arm, Robotics, Robotis Bioloid, Rockbreaker, Rodney Brooks, Roomba, Royal Flying Corps, Runaway (1984 American film), Russian language, Samarangana Sutradhara, Sanskrit, SCARA, Science and Civilisation in China, Scooba (brand), Self-reconfiguring modular robot, Sensitivity and specificity, Serbian language, Sex robot, Silicone, Simulation, Simultaneous localization and mapping, Singularitarianism, Slavic languages, Slovak language, Soft robotics, Software agent, Somatosensory system, Space probe, Stanford University, Star Wars, Stoke Park Hospital, Su Song, Superorganism, Swarm intelligence, Swarm robotics, Synthetic biology, Synthetic molecular motor, T-1000, Tactile sensor, Talos, Technical University of Munich, Technological singularity, Technological unemployment, Technology, Teleoperation, Telerobotics, The Guardian, The Matrix, The Mechanical Man, The New York Times, The Terminator, The Wall Street Journal, Theatre, Three Laws of Robotics, TOPIO, Torpedo, TOSY, Transmin, Trenton, New Jersey, Turtle (robot), Ukrainian language, Uncanny valley, Unimate, Unimation, United States Armed Forces, United States Navy, Universal Robots, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Unmanned combat aerial vehicle, Utility fog, Vacuum cleaner, Vernor Vinge, Victor Scheinman, Virtual reality, Vitruvian Man, Volcano, Von Neumann architecture, Voyager program, Vulcan (mythology), Wake-up robot problem, War in the Age of Intelligent Machines, Water clock, Welding, West Trenton, New Jersey, Western Australia, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, William Grey Walter, Wired (magazine), World War I, 1939 New York World's Fair, 2-XL, 2001: A Space Odyssey, 3D scanner, 8-track tape. 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A.I. Artificial Intelligence, also known as A.I., is a 2001 American science fiction drama film directed by Steven Spielberg.
An adhesive, also known as glue, cement, mucilage, or paste, is any substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two separate items that binds them together and resists their separation.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Agency is the capacity of an actor to act in a given environment.
In artificial intelligence (AI) and philosophy, the AI control problem is the hypothetical puzzle of how to build a superintelligent agent that will aid its creators, and avoid inadvertently building a superintelligence that will harm its creators.
AIBO (stylized aibo, Artificial Intelligence Robot, homonymous with, "pal" or "partner" in Japanese) is a series of robotic pets designed and manufactured by Sony.
Alan Mathison Turing (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, and theoretical biologist.
Almost Human: Making Robots Think is a book written by Lee Gutkind founder of Creative Nonfiction.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
An android is a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to look and act like a human, especially one with a body having a flesh-like resemblance.
Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.
Archibald Montgomery Low (17 October 1888 – 13 September 1956) was an English consulting engineer, research physicist and inventor, and author of more than 40 books.
Archytas (Ἀρχύτας; 428–347 BC) was an Ancient Greek philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, statesman, and strategist.
Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.
Ashoka (died 232 BCE), or Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from to 232 BCE.
ASIMO (whose name comes from English initials or words Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility) is a humanoid robot created by Honda in 2000.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process (often called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.
The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) is an international, nonprofit, scientific society devoted to promote research in, and responsible use of, artificial intelligence.
Atlas Copco is a Swedish industrial company that was founded in 1873.
Australasia, a region of Oceania, comprises Australia, New Zealand, neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean and, sometimes, the island of New Guinea (which is usually considered to be part of Melanesia).
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.
An automaton (plural: automata or automatons) is a self-operating machine, or a machine or control mechanism designed to automatically follow a predetermined sequence of operations, or respond to predetermined instructions.
The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.
An autonomous car (also known as a driverless car, self-driving car, and robotic car) is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input.
An autonomous robot is a robot that performs behaviors or tasks with a high degree of autonomy.
An autonomous spaceport drone ship (ASDS) is an ocean-going vessel derived from a deck barge, outfitted with station-keeping engines and a large landing platform.
Autonomous things, abbreviated AuT, or the Internet of autonomous things, abbreviated as IoAT, is an emerging term for the technological developments that are expected to bring computers into the physical environment as autonomous entities without human direction, freely moving and interacting with humans and other objects.
The BAE Systems Mantis Unmanned Autonomous System Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrator is a British demonstrator programme for Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV) technology.
The BAE Systems Taranis (also nicknamed "Raptor") is a British demonstrator programme for unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) technology, under development primarily by the defence contractor BAE Systems Military Air & Information.
A barcode (also bar code) is an optical, machine-readable, representation of data; the data usually describes something about the object that carries the barcode.
Battlestar Galactica (BSG) is an American military science fiction television series, and part of the ''Battlestar Galactica'' franchise.
Baxter is an industrial robot built by Rethink Robotics, a start-up company founded by Rodney Brooks.
BEAM robotics (from '''B'''iology, '''E'''lectronics, '''A'''esthetics and '''M'''echanics) is a style of robotics that primarily uses simple analogue circuits, such as comparators, instead of a microprocessor in order to produce an unusually simple design.
Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, known for their role in pollination and, in the case of the best-known bee species, the European honey bee, for producing honey and beeswax.
Behavior (American English) or behaviour (Commonwealth English) is the range of actions and mannerisms made by individuals, organisms, systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment.
Being is the general concept encompassing objective and subjective features of reality and existence.
Benjamin Franklin Miessner (July 27, 1890 – March 25, 1976) was an American radio engineer and inventor.
Bhoja (reigned c. 1010–1055 CE) was an Indian king from the Paramara dynasty.
BHP, formerly known as BHP Billiton, is the trading entity of BHP Billiton Limited and BHP Billiton plc, an Anglo-Australian multinational mining, metals and petroleum dual-listed public company headquartered in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Bio-inspired robotic locomotion is a fairly new subcategory of bio-inspired design.
Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.
BionicKangaroo is a robot model developed and made by Festo in the form of a kangaroo.
Bionics or Biologically inspired engineering is the application of biological methods and systems found in nature to the study and design of engineering systems and modern technology.
Body armor/armour, personal armor/armour, suits of armour or coats of armour all refer to protective clothing, designed to absorb and/or deflect slashing, bludgeoning and penetrating attacks by weapons.
Bomb disposal is the process by which hazardous explosive devices are rendered safe.
The Brennan torpedo was a torpedo patented by Irish-born Australian inventor Louis Brennan in 1877.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
The British Embassy, Tokyo, is the chief diplomatic mission of the United Kingdom in Japan, with the Ambassador of the United Kingdom to Japan being the chief of mission.
C-3PO or See-Threepio is a humanoid robot character from the ''Star Wars'' franchise who appears in the original trilogy, the prequel trilogy and the sequel trilogy.
A cable harness, also known as a wire harness, cable assembly, wiring assembly or wiring loom, is an assembly of electrical cables or wires which transmit signals or electrical power.
A cam is a rotating or sliding piece in a mechanical linkage used especially in transforming rotary motion into linear motion.
Caterpillar Inc. is an American Fortune 100 corporation which designs, develops, engineers, manufactures, markets and sells machinery, engines, financial products and insurance to customers via a worldwide dealer network.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
A civilization or civilisation (see English spelling differences) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication (for example, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.
A cobot or co-robot (from collaborative robot) is a robot intended to physically interact with humans in a shared workspace.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
Cognitive robotics is concerned with endowing a robot with intelligent behavior by providing it with a processing architecture that will allow it to learn and reason about how to behave in response to complex goals in a complex world.
In biology, a colony is composed of two or more conspecific individuals living in close association with, or connected to, one another.
Computation is any type of calculation that includes both arithmetical and non-arithmetical steps and follows a well-defined model, for example an algorithm.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.
Corvée is a form of unpaid, unfree labour, which is intermittent in nature and which lasts limited periods of time: typically only a certain number of days' work each year.
Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.
Ctesibius or Ktesibios or Tesibius (Κτησίβιος; fl. 285–222 BC) was a Greek inventor and mathematician in Alexandria, Ptolemaic Egypt.
The Cybermen are a fictional race of cyborgs who are among the most persistent enemies of the Doctor in the British science fiction television programme, Doctor Who.
A cyborg (short for "'''cyb'''ernetic '''org'''anism") is a being with both organic and biomechatronic body parts.
The Cylons are a cybernetic civilization at war with the Twelve Colonies of humanity in the Battlestar Galactica science fiction franchise, in the original 1978 and 1980 series, the 2004 reimagining, as well as the spin-off prequel series, Caprica.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
The Daleks are a fictional extraterrestrial race of mutants principally portrayed in the British science fiction television programme Doctor Who.
In navigation, dead reckoning is the process of calculating one's current position by using a previously determined position, or fix, and advancing that position based upon known or estimated speeds over elapsed time and course.
Developmental robotics (DevRob), sometimes called epigenetic robotics, is a scientific field which aims at studying the developmental mechanisms, architectures and constraints that allow lifelong and open-ended learning of new skills and new knowledge in embodied machines.
Die casting is a metal casting process that is characterized by forcing molten metal under high pressure into a mold cavity.
Digital data, in information theory and information systems, is the discrete, discontinuous representation of information or works.
A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these.
Doctor Who is a British science-fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963.
A domestic robot is a type of service robot, an autonomous robot that is primarily used for household chores, but may also be used for education, entertainment or therapy.
A drilling rig is a machine that creates holes in the earth subsurface.
Ducts are conduits or passages used in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) to deliver and remove air.
Emile Victor Rieu CBE (10 February 1887 – 11 May 1972) was a British classicist, publisher, poet, and initiator and editor of the Penguin Classics series of books.
Electroactive polymers, or EAPs, are polymers that exhibit a change in size or shape when stimulated by an electric field.
An electromagnet is a type of magnet in which the magnetic field is produced by an electric current.
In engineering, electromechanics combines processes and procedures drawn from electrical engineering and mechanical engineering.
An electronic component is any basic discrete device or physical entity in an electronic system used to affect electrons or their associated fields.
Elektro is the nickname of a robot built by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation in its Mansfield, Ohio facility between 1937 and 1938.
In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence occurs when "the whole is greater than the sum of the parts," meaning the whole has properties its parts do not have.
Emerging technologies are technologies that are perceived as capable of changing the status quo.
The Energetically Autonomous Tactical Robot (EATR) was a project by Robotic Technology Inc.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Enthiran is a 2010 Indian Tamil-language science fiction film written and directed by S. Shankar.
Eric was the first British robot, built in 1928 by First World War veteran Captain William Richards, and aircraft engineer Alan Reffell.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
Evolutionary robotics (ER) is a methodology that uses evolutionary computation to develop controllers and/or hardware for autonomous robots.
Ewing Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States.
Ex Machina is a 2014 science fiction thriller film written and directed by Alex Garland (in his directorial debut) and stars Domhnall Gleeson, Alicia Vikander, and Oscar Isaac.
Exploitation of labour is the act of treating one's workers unfairly for one's own benefit.
A ferrofluid (portmanteau of ferromagnetic and fluid) is a liquid that becomes strongly magnetized in the presence of a magnetic field.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
FIRST LEGO League (FLL) is an international competition organized by FIRST for elementary and middle school students (ages 9–14 in the United States and Canada, 9–16 elsewhere).
FIRST LEGO League Jr. is a non-competitive robotics program designed for children ages six to ten.
The FIRST Robotics Competition is an international high school robotics competition.
The FIRST Tech Challenge (FTC) is designed for students in grades 7–12 to compete head to head, using a sports model.
Flash, also known as flashing, is excess material attached to a molded, forged, or cast product, which must usually be removed.
For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology (FIRST) is an international youth organization that operates the FIRST Robotics Competition, FIRST LEGO League, FIRST LEGO League Jr., and FIRST Tech Challenge competitions.
The Foster-Miller TALON remotely operated vehicle is a small, tracked military robot designed for missions ranging from reconnaissance to combat.
Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd., trading as Foxconn Technology Group, is a multinational electronics contract manufacturing company with its headquarters in Tucheng, New Taipei, Taiwan.
Frank L. Stulen (January 22, 1921 – June 25, 2010) graduated from Carnegie Mellon University (then Carnegie Tech) in 1942 with a degree in aeronautical engineering.
Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is a novel written by English author Mary Shelley (1797–1851) that tells the story of Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist who creates a grotesque but sapient creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment.
A friendly artificial intelligence (also friendly AI or FAI) is a hypothetical artificial general intelligence (AGI) that would have a positive effect on humanity.
Gakutensoku (學天則, Japanese for "learning from the laws of nature"), the first robot to be built in Japan, was created in Osaka in 1929.
Galatea (Γαλάτεια; "she who is milk-white") is a name popularly applied to the statue carved of ivory by Pygmalion of Cyprus, which then came to life, in Greek mythology; in modern English the name usually alludes to that story.
The General Atomics MQ-1 Predator is an American remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) built by General Atomics that was used primarily by the United States Air Force (USAF) and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
George Charles Devol Jr. (February 20, 1912 – August 11, 2011) was an American inventor known for developing Unimate, the first material handling robot employed in industrial production work.
Gerontology is the study of the social, cultural, psychological, cognitive, and biological aspects of ageing.
In Jewish folklore, a golem (גולם) is an animated anthropomorphic being that is magically created entirely from inanimate matter (specifically clay or mud).
Greek mathematics refers to mathematics texts and advances written in Greek, developed from the 7th century BC to the 4th century AD around the shores of the Eastern Mediterranean.
Grey goo (also spelled gray goo) is a hypothetical end-of-the-world scenario involving molecular nanotechnology in which out-of-control self-replicating robots consume all biomass on Earth while building more of themselves, a scenario that has been called ecophagy ("eating the environment", more literally "eating the habitation").
A gynoid, or fembot, is a humanoid robot that is gendered feminine.
Hans Peter Moravec (born November 30, 1948, Kautzen, Austria) is an adjunct faculty member at the Robotics Institute of Carnegie Mellon University.
Haptic or kinesthetic communication recreates the sense of touch by applying forces, vibrations, or motions to the user.
Hephaestus (eight spellings; Ἥφαιστος Hēphaistos) is the Greek god of blacksmiths, metalworking, carpenters, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metallurgy, fire, and volcanoes.
Hero of Alexandria (ἭρωνGenitive: Ἥρωνος., Heron ho Alexandreus; also known as Heron of Alexandria; c. 10 AD – c. 70 AD) was a mathematician and engineer who was active in his native city of Alexandria, Roman Egypt.
The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.
The form of home automation focuses on making it possible for older adults and people with disabilities to remain at home, safe and comfortable.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment.
Horizon Zero Dawn is an action role-playing video game developed by Guerrilla Games and published by Sony Interactive Entertainment.
Housekeeping refers to the management of duties and chores involved in the running of a household, such as cleaning, cooking, home maintenance, shopping, laundry and bill pay.
A humanoid robot is a robot with its body shape built to resemble the human body.
Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine, central and western Romania (Transylvania and Partium), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia, and northern Slovenia due to the effects of the Treaty of Trianon, which resulted in many ethnic Hungarians being displaced from their homes and communities in the former territories of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America (particularly the United States). Like Finnish and Estonian, Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family branch, its closest relatives being Mansi and Khanty.
I, Robot (stylized as i) is a 2004 American science fiction action film directed by Alex Proyas.
The Iliad (Ἰλιάς, in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer.
An improvised explosive device (IED) is a bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than in conventional military action.
Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, structural disposition, manufacture and application of robots.
The Industrial Age is a period of history that encompasses the changes in economic and social organization that began around 1760 in Great Britain and later in other countries, characterized chiefly by the replacement of hand tools with power-driven machines such as the power loom and the steam engine, and by the concentration of industry in large establishments.
An industrial robot is a robot system used for manufacturing.
Information processing is the change (processing) of information in any manner detectable by an observer.
The Inland Fisher Guide Plant was a General Motors facility located in the West Trenton section of Ewing Township, New Jersey, that opened in 1938 as one of its most modern plants and was operated by the firm for 60 years.
The International Federation of Robotics (IFR) is a professional non-profit organization established in 1987 to promote, strengthen and protect the robotics industry worldwide.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
An Internet Bot, also known as web robot, WWW robot or simply -bot-, is a software application that runs automated tasks (scripts) over the Internet.
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
iRobot Corporation is an American advanced technology company founded in 1990 by three MIT graduates who designed robots for space exploration and military defense.
Isaac Asimov (January 2, 1920 – April 6, 1992) was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.
ISO 8373 Manipulating industrial robots – Vocabulary It is the ISO standard that Defines terms relevant to manipulating industrial robots operated in a manufacturing environment.
Ivan Margolius, (born 27 February 1947), author, architect and propagator of Czech culture and technology.
Jacques de Vaucanson (February 24, 1709 – November 21, 1782) was a French inventor and artist who was responsible for the creation of impressive and innovative automata.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
John Ericsson (born Johan) (July 31, 1803 – March 8, 1889) was a Swedish-American inventor, active in England and the United States, and regarded as one of the most influential mechanical engineers ever.
John Louis Lay (January 14, 1833 - April 17, 1899) was an American inventor, and a pioneer of the torpedo.
John T. Parsons (October 11, 1913April 18, 2007) pioneered numerical control for machine tools in the 1940s.
John von Neumann (Neumann János Lajos,; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, computer scientist, and polymath.
Josef Čapek (23 March 1887 – April 1945) was a Czech artist who was best known as a painter, but who was also noted as a writer and a poet.
Joseph Frederick Engelberger (July 26, 1925 – December 1, 2015) was an American physicist, engineer and entrepreneur.
Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham (9 December 1900 – 24 March 1995) was a British biochemist, historian and sinologist known for his scientific research and writing on the history of Chinese science and technology.
are traditional Japanese mechanized puppets or automata, originally made from the 17th century to 19th century.
Karel Čapek (9 January 1890 – 25 December 1938) was a Czech writer of the early 20th century.
King Mu of Zhou was the fifth king of the Zhou dynasty of China.
or Komatsu (コマツ) is a Japanese multinational corporation that manufactures construction, mining, forestry, and military equipment, as well as industrial equipment like press machines, lasers and thermoelectric generators.
KUKA is a German manufacturer of industrial robots and solutions for factory automation.
A laboratory (informally, lab) is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments, and measurement may be performed.
Laparoscopy is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) with the aid of a camera.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
A lawn mower (mower) is a machine utilizing one or more revolving blades to cut a grass surface to an even height.
Lee Gutkind is an American writer, speaker, and literary innovator, founder of the literary magazine Creative Nonfiction, the first and the largest literary journal to publish narrative/creative nonfiction exclusively.
Legend is a genre of folklore that consists of a narrative featuring human actions perceived or believed both by teller and listeners to have taken place within human history.
LEGO Mindstorms NXT is a programmable robotics kit released by Lego in late July 2006.
The Lely Juno family is a family of robot series produced by Excel Dairy Services, headquartered the Netherlands.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
Leonardo's robot, or Leonardo's mechanical knight (Italian: Robot di Leonardo or Automa cavaliere, lit. "Automaton knight"), was a humanoid automaton designed and possibly constructed by Leonardo da Vinci around the year 1495.
A lever is a simple machine consisting of a beam or rigid rod pivoted at a fixed hinge, or fulcrum.
"Liar!" is a science fiction short story by American writer Isaac Asimov.
Lidové noviny (People's News, or The People's Newspaper) is a daily newspaper published in Prague, the Czech Republic.
The Liezi is a Daoist text attributed to Lie Yukou, a c. 5th century BCE Hundred Schools of Thought philosopher, but Chinese and Western scholars believe it was compiled around the 4th century CE.
A liquid handling robot is used in automation of chemical or biochemical laboratories.
A loader is a heavy equipment machine used in construction to move aside or load materials such as asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, snow, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, woodchips, etc.
Logo is an educational programming language, designed in 1967 by Wally Feurzeig, Seymour Papert and Cynthia Solomon.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Longwall mining is a form of underground coal mining where a long wall of coal is mined in a single slice (typically 0.6 – 1.0 m thick).
Louis Brennan CB (28 January 1852 – 17 January 1932) was an Irish-Australian mechanical engineer and inventor.
Lu Ban (–444BC).
Luna 9 (Луна-9), internal designation Ye-6 No.13, was an unmanned space mission of the Soviet Union's Luna programme.
Macedonian (македонски, tr. makedonski) is a South Slavic language spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in the Republic of Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia.
A machine uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an intended action.
Machine perception is the capability of a computer system to interpret data in a manner that is similar to the way humans use their senses to relate to the world around them.
Manuel DeLanda (born 1952) is a Mexican-American writer, artist and philosopher who has lived in New York since 1975.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
Mark W. Tilden is a robotics physicist who produces complex robotic movements from simple analog logic circuits, often with discrete electronic components, and usually without a microprocessor.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Michael J. Freeman (born 1947) works in trend analysis, advanced behavioral systems, programming of smart toys, Cable television, robotics, telephony, among others.
Microbotics (or microrobotics) is the field of miniature robotics, in particular mobile robots with characteristic dimensions less than 1 mm.
Military robots are autonomous robots or remote-controlled mobile robots designed for military applications, from transport to search & rescue and attack.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
Mohism or Moism was an ancient Chinese philosophy of logic, rational thought and science developed by the academic scholars who studied under the ancient Chinese philosopher Mozi (c. 470 BC – c. 391 BC) and embodied in an eponymous book: the Mozi.
A molecular machine, nanite, or nanomachine, refers to any discrete number of molecular components that produce quasi-mechanical movements (output) in response to specific stimuli (input).
Mozi (Latinized as Micius; c. 470 – c. 391 BC), original name Mo Di (墨翟), was a Chinese philosopher during the Hundred Schools of Thought period (early Warring States period).
Mythology refers variously to the collected myths of a group of people or to the study of such myths.
The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).
Nanorobotics is an emerging technology field creating machines or robots whose components are at or near the scale of a nanometre (10−9 meters).
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.
The New Statesman is a British political and cultural magazine published in London.
Nikola Tesla (Никола Тесла; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.
Computer numerical control (CNC) is the automation of machine tools by means of computers executing pre-programmed sequences of machine control commands.
Observational error (or measurement error) is the difference between a measured value of a quantity and its true value.
Old age refers to ages nearing or surpassing the life expectancy of human beings, and is thus the end of the human life cycle.
Old Church Slavonic, also known as Old Church Slavic (or Ancient/Old Slavonic often abbreviated to OCS; (autonym словѣ́ньскъ ѩꙁꙑ́къ, slověnĭskŭ językŭ), not to be confused with the Proto-Slavic, was the first Slavic literary language. The 9th-century Byzantine missionaries Saints Cyril and Methodius are credited with standardizing the language and using it in translating the Bible and other Ancient Greek ecclesiastical texts as part of the Christianization of the Slavs. It is thought to have been based primarily on the dialect of the 9th century Byzantine Slavs living in the Province of Thessalonica (now in Greece). It played an important role in the history of the Slavic languages and served as a basis and model for later Church Slavonic traditions, and some Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches use this later Church Slavonic as a liturgical language to this day. As the oldest attested Slavic language, OCS provides important evidence for the features of Proto-Slavic, the reconstructed common ancestor of all Slavic languages.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to robotics: Robotics is a branch of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering and computer science that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
PackBot is a series of military robots by iRobot, an international robotics company founded in 1990.
Packing problems are a class of optimization problems in mathematics that involve attempting to pack objects together into containers.
A palletizer or palletiser is a machine which provides automatic means for stacking cases of goods or products onto a pallet.
Paralysis is a loss of muscle function for one or more muscles.
Paraplegia is an impairment in motor or sensory function of the lower extremities.
A patient is any recipient of health care services.
PatrolBot is a programmable autonomous general purpose service robot rover built by MobileRobots Inc.
Pharmacists, also known as chemists (Commonwealth English) or druggists (North American and, archaically, Commonwealth English), are health professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use.
A pharmacy technician is a health care provider who performs pharmacy-related functions, generally working under the direct supervision of a licensed pharmacist.
Philo of Byzantium (Φίλων ὁ Βυζάντιος, Philōn ho Byzantios, ca. 280 BC – ca. 220 BC), also known as Philo Mechanicus, was a Greek engineer, physicist and writer on mechanics, who lived during the latter half of the 3rd century BC.
The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.
A photomask is an opaque plate with holes or transparencies that allow light to shine through in a defined pattern.
Phototaxis is a kind of taxis, or locomotory movement, that occurs when a whole organism moves towards or away from stimulus of light.
A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.
Plug & Pray is a 2010 documentary film about the promise, problems and ethics of artificial intelligence and robotics.
Pneumatic artificial muscles (PAMs) are contractile or extensional devices operated by pressurized air filling a pneumatic bladder.
Pneumatics (From Greek: πνεύμα) is a branch of engineering that makes use of gas or pressurized air.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components or electrical components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper laminated onto and/or between sheet layers of a non-conductive substrate.
The PUMA (Programmable Universal Machine for Assembly, or Programmable Universal Manipulation Arm) is an industrial robotic arm developed by Victor Scheinman at pioneering robot company Unimation.
In medicine, a prosthesis (plural: prostheses; from Ancient Greek prosthesis, "addition, application, attachment") is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
The Ptolemaic Kingdom (Πτολεμαϊκὴ βασιλεία, Ptolemaïkḕ basileía) was a Hellenistic kingdom based in Egypt.
A puppet is an object, often resembling a human, animal or mythical figure, that is animated or manipulated by a person called a puppeteer.
Pygmalion (Πυγμαλίων, Pugmalíōn, gen.: Πυγμαλίωνος) is a legendary figure of Cyprus.
R.U.R. is a 1920 science fiction play by the Czech writer Karel Čapek.
R2-D2, or Artoo-Detoo, is a fictional robot character in the ''Star Wars'' franchise created by George Lucas.
Red Planet is a 2000 science fiction thriller film directed by Antony Hoffman, starring Val Kilmer, Carrie-Anne Moss and Tom Sizemore.
In electronics, a remote control or clicker is a component of an electronic device used to operate the device from a distance, usually wirelessly.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
In the military science fiction series Stargate SG-1, the Replicators are antagonistic self-replicating machines that are driven to replicate by consuming both alloys and technologies of the nearest most advanced civilization and constructing themselves and their progeny accordingly.
Rethink Robotics (formerly Heartland Robotics) is a company co-founded by Rodney Brooks and Ann Whittaker in 2008.
Rio Tinto Coal Australia (RTCA) is an Australian coal mining organisation, and is part of the worldwide Rio Tinto Group.
Rio Tinto Group is an Australian-British multinational and one of the world's largest metals and mining corporations.
RoboBee is a tiny robot capable of partially untethered flight, developed by a research robotics team at Harvard University.
RoboCop is a 1987 American cyberpunk action film directed by Paul Verhoeven and written by Edward Neumeier and Michael Miner.
Robomow (also known as 'Friendly Robotics') is a manufacturer of robotic lawn mowers.
The Robot App Store is a digital application distribution platform for applications for robots opened to the public on late 2011.
A robotic competition is an event where robots have to accomplish a task.
In robotics, an end effector is the device at the end of a robotic arm, designed to interact with the environment.
Robot ethics, sometimes known by the short expression "roboethics", concerns ethical problems that occur with robots, such as whether robots pose a threat to humans in the long or short run, whether some uses of robots are problematic (such as in healthcare or as 'killer robots' in war), and how robots should be designed such as they act 'ethically' (this last concern is also called machine ethics).
A robot kit is a special construction kit for building robots, especially autonomous mobile robots.
Robot locomotion is the collective name for the various methods that robots use to transport themselves from place to place.
Robot Operating System (ROS) is robotics middleware (i.e. collection of software frameworks for robot software development).
The Robot Patent is an English-language scholarly term for the imperial decrees (patents) in the 1700s abolishing compulsory labor (robot) of serfs, issued by Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, who had carried out a register of all land with a division between peasant and noble holdings.
Leaders of the industrial and scientific communities argue that, to offset the social costs created by automation’s displacement effects, either robots should pay income tax, or their owners should pay a tax for replacing a worker with a robot.
A robotic arm is a type of mechanical arm, usually programmable, with similar functions to a human arm; the arm may be the sum total of the mechanism or may be part of a more complex robot.
Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, computer science, and others.
The ROBOTIS BIOLOID is a hobbyist and educational robot kit produced by the Korean robot manufacturer ROBOTIS.
A rockbreaker is a machine designed to manipulate large rocks, including reducing large rocks into smaller rocks.
Rodney Allen Brooks (born 30 December 1954) is an Australian roboticist, Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science, author, and robotics entrepreneur, most known for popularizing the actionist approach to robotics.
Roomba is a series of autonomous robotic vacuum cleaners sold by iRobot.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
Runaway is a 1984 American science fiction action film written and directed by Michael Crichton, starring Tom Selleck, Gene Simmons, Cynthia Rhodes and Kirstie Alley.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Samarangana Sutradhara is an encyclopedic work on classical Indian architecture (Vastu Shastra) written by Paramara King Bhoja of Dhar (1000–1055 AD).
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
The SCARA acronym stands for Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm or Selective Compliance Articulated Robot Arm.
Science and Civilisation in China (1954–) is a series of books initiated and edited by British biochemist, historian and sinologist Joseph Needham, Ph.D (1900–1995).
Scooba was a floor-scrubbing robot made by iRobot.
Modular self-reconfiguring robotic systems or self-reconfigurable modular robots are autonomous kinematic machines with variable morphology.
Sensitivity and specificity are statistical measures of the performance of a binary classification test, also known in statistics as a classification function.
Serbian (српски / srpski) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language mainly used by Serbs.
Sex robots or sexbots are anthropomorphic robot sex dolls.
Silicones, also known as polysiloxanes, are polymers that include any inert, synthetic compound made up of repeating units of siloxane, which is a chain of alternating silicon atoms and oxygen atoms, combined with carbon, hydrogen, and sometimes other elements.
Simulation is the imitation of the operation of a real-world process or system.
In robotic mapping and navigation, simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) is the computational problem of constructing or updating a map of an unknown environment while simultaneously keeping track of an agent's location within it.
Singularitarianism is a movement defined by the belief that a technological singularity—the creation of superintelligence—will likely happen in the medium future, and that deliberate action ought to be taken to ensure that the Singularity benefits humans.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
Slovak is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech, Polish, and Sorbian).
Soft Robotics is the specific subfield of robotics dealing with constructing robots from highly compliant materials, similar to those found in living organisms.
In computer science, a software agent is a computer program that acts for a user or other program in a relationship of agency, which derives from the Latin agere (to do): an agreement to act on one's behalf.
The somatosensory system is a part of the sensory nervous system.
A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit the Earth, but, instead, explores further into outer space.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
Star Wars is an American epic space opera media franchise, centered on a film series created by George Lucas.
Stoke Park Hospital, was a large mental handicap hospital, closed circa 1997, situated on the north-west edge of Bristol, England, just within South Gloucestershire.
Su Song (courtesy name: Zirong 子容) (1020–1101 AD) was a renowned Hokkien polymath who was described as a scientist, mathematician, statesman, astronomer, cartographer, horologist, medical doctor, pharmacologist, mineralogist, zoologist, botanist, mechanical and architectural engineer, poet, antiquarian, and ambassador of the Song Dynasty (960–1279).
A superorganism or supraorganism (the latter is less frequently used but more etymologically correct) is a group of synergetically interacting organisms of the same species.
Swarm intelligence (SI) is the collective behavior of decentralized, self-organized systems, natural or artificial.
Swarm robotics is an approach to the coordination of multiple robots as a system which consist of large numbers of mostly simple physical robots.
Synthetic biology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology and engineering.
Synthetic molecular motors are molecular machines capable of continuous directional rotation under an energy input.
The T-1000, also known as a Prototype Series 1000 Terminator, is a fictional character in the Terminator franchise.
A tactile sensor is a device that measures information arising from physical interaction with its environment.
In Greek mythology, Talos (Τάλως, Talōs) or Talon (Τάλων, Talōn) was a giant automaton made of bronze to protect Europa in Crete from pirates and invaders.
Technical University of Munich (TUM) (Technische Universität München) is a research university with campuses in Munich, Garching and Freising-Weihenstephan.
The technological singularity (also, simply, the singularity) is the hypothesis that the invention of artificial superintelligence (ASI) will abruptly trigger runaway technological growth, resulting in unfathomable changes to human civilization.
Technological unemployment is the loss of jobs caused by technological change.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
Teleoperation (or remote operation) indicates operation of a system or machine at a distance.
Telerobotics is the area of robotics concerned with the control of semi-autonomous robots from a distance, chiefly using Wireless network (like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, the Deep Space Network, and similar) or tethered connections.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction action film written and directed by The Wachowskis (credited as The Wachowski Brothers) and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Hugo Weaving, and Joe Pantoliano.
The Mechanical Man (Italian: L'uomo meccanico) is a 1921 Italian science fiction film directed by André Deed.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Terminator is a 1984 American science-fiction action film directed by James Cameron.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
The Three Laws of Robotics (often shortened to The Three Laws or known as Asimov's Laws) are a set of rules devised by the science fiction author Isaac Asimov.
TOPIO ("TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot") is a bipedal humanoid robot designed to play table tennis against a human being.
A modern torpedo is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.
TOSY is a Vietnamese robots manufacturer which is based in Hanoi, Vietnam.
Transmin is an Australian geological machinery production and excavation privately owned company headquartered in Malaga, Western Australia, outside of Perth, Western Australia, that provides engineered equipment, supplies and services to the mining-resources and bulk material handling industries, primarily in Australia.
Trenton is the capital city of the U.S. state of New Jersey and the county seat of Mercer County.
Turtles are a class of educational robots designed originally in the late 1940s (largely under the auspices of researcher William Grey Walter) and used in computer science and mechanical engineering training.
In aesthetics, the uncanny valley is a hypothesized relationship between the degree of an object's resemblance to a human being and the emotional response to such an object.
Unimate was the first industrial robot, which worked on a General Motors assembly line at the Inland Fisher Guide Plant in Ewing Township, New Jersey, in 1961.
Unimation was the world's first robotics company.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Universal Robots is a Danish manufacturer of smaller flexible industrial collaborative robot arms (cobots), based in Odense, Denmark.
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.
An unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV), also known as a combat drone or simply a drone, is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that usually carries aircraft ordnance such as missiles and is used for drone strikes.
Utility fog (coined by Dr. John Storrs Hall in 1993) is a hypothetical collection of tiny robots that can replicate a physical structure.
A vacuum cleaner, also known as a sweeper or hoover, is a device that uses an air pump (a centrifugal fan in all but some of the very oldest models), to create a partial vacuum to suck up dust and dirt, usually from floors, and from other surfaces such as upholstery and draperies.
Vernor Steffen Vinge (born October 2, 1944) is an American science fiction author and retired professor.
Victor David Scheinman (December 28, 1942 – September 20, 2016) was a pioneer in the field of robotics born in Augusta, Georgia.
Virtual reality (VR) is an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment, that incorporates mainly auditory and visual, but also other types of sensory feedback like haptic.
The Vitruvian Man (Le proporzioni del corpo umano secondo Vitruvio, which is translated to "The proportions of the human body according to Vitruvius"), or simply L'Uomo Vitruviano, is a drawing by Leonardo da Vinci around 1490.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
The von Neumann architecture, which is also known as the von Neumann model and Princeton architecture, is a computer architecture based on the 1945 description by the mathematician and physicist John von Neumann and others in the First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC.
The Voyager program is an American scientific program that employs two robotic probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, to study the outer Solar System.
Vulcan (Latin: Volcānus or Vulcānus) is the god of fire including the fire of volcanoes, metalworking, and the forge in ancient Roman religion and myth.
In robotics, the wake-up robot problem refers to a situation where an autonomous robot is carried to an arbitrary location and put to operation, and the robot must localize itself without any prior knowledge.
War in the Age of Intelligent Machines (1991) is a book by Manuel DeLanda, in which he traces the history of warfare and the history of technology.
A water clock or clepsydra (Greek κλεψύδρα from κλέπτειν kleptein, 'to steal'; ὕδωρ hydor, 'water') is any timepiece in which time is measured by the regulated flow of liquid into (inflow type) or out from (outflow type) a vessel where the amount is then measured.
Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct from lower temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which do not melt the base metal.
West Trenton is a section of Ewing Township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States.
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.
The Westinghouse Electric Corporation was an American manufacturing company.
William Grey Walter (February 19, 1910 – May 6, 1977) was an American-born British neurophysiologist, cybernetician and robotician.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The 1939–40 New York World's Fair, which covered the of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964–1965 New York World's Fair), was the second most expensive American world's fair of all time, exceeded only by St.
2-XL (2-XL Robot, 2XL Robot, 2-XL Toy), is an educational toy robot that was marketed from 1978-1981 by the Mego Toy Corporation.
2001: A Space Odyssey is a science-fiction narrative, produced in 1968 as both a novel, written by Arthur C. Clarke, and a film, directed by Stanley Kubrick.
A 3D scanner is a device that analyses a real-world object or environment to collect data on its shape and possibly its appearance (e.g. colour).
The 8-track tape (formally Stereo 8; commonly known as the eight-track cartridge, eight-track tape, or simply eight-track) is a magnetic tape sound-recording technology that was popular in the United States from the mid-1960s to the early 1980s, when the Compact Cassette format took over.