271 relations: Active electronically scanned array, Afterburner, AGM-154 Joint Standoff Weapon, AGM-158 JASSM, AGM-158C LRASM, AGM-86 ALCM, Air Combat Command, Air Force Global Strike Command, Air Force Test Center, Air National Guard, Air-launched cruise missile, Air-to-air missile, Airborne early warning and control, Al Udeid Air Base, ALE-50 towed decoy system, Alexander Haig, Alzada, Montana, AN/APG-66, AN/APG-83, Andersen Air Force Base, Angolan Civil War, Appropriation bill, ASALM, Ashland, Nebraska, Autonetics, Auxiliary power unit, Availability, Avionics, B61 nuclear bomb, B83 nuclear bomb, BAC TSR-2, Bird strike, Blended wing body, BLU-109 bomb, Bob Dornan, Boeing, Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Bombing of Iraq (1998), British Indian Ocean Territory, California, Canard (aeronautics), Capitol Hill, CFM International CFM56, Classified information, Clutter (radar), Communism, Containment, Convair B-58 Hustler, Conventional weapon, Counterforce, ..., Cruciform tail, Cruise (aeronautics), Cruise missile, Cuban intervention in Angola, Dayton, Ohio, Defence minister, Denver, Diego Garcia, Drag (physics), Dyess Air Force Base, Eaton Corporation, Edwards Air Force Base, Ejection seat, Electronic warfare, Ellsworth Air Force Base, Escape crew capsule, Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, Fighter aircraft, Fire extinguisher, Flare (countermeasure), Flexible response, Flight recorder, Flightglobal, Francis Gary Powers, GATOR mine system, GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb, General Dynamics, General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, General Electric F101, General Electric F110, General Electric F118, George H. W. Bush, Georgia (U.S. state), Georgia Air National Guard, Global Positioning System, Grand Forks Air Force Base, Griffiss Air Force Base, Guam, Gulf War, Harold Brown (Secretary of Defense), Heavy bomber, Hill Aerospace Museum, Hill Air Force Base, IBM, IBM System/4 Pi, Idaho, Indian Ocean, Indiana, Inertial navigation system, Inflation, Infrared countermeasure, Initial operating capability, Inlet cone, Intake, Intake ramp, Interceptor aircraft, Intercontinental ballistic missile, Iraq, Iraq War, Japan, Jimmy Carter, John F. Kennedy, Joint Direct Attack Munition, JOVIAL, Jump seat, Kansas, Kansas Air National Guard, La Junta, Colorado, Landing, Landing gear, Leading edge, LGM-30 Minuteman, Libya, Lift (force), Link 16, List of active United States military aircraft, List of bomber aircraft, Lockheed U-2, Look-down/shoot-down, Lowry Air Force Base, Mach number, Maine, Manufacturer's empty weight, Marion, Kentucky, Mark 82 bomb, Mark 84 bomb, McConnell Air Force Base, McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle, Melvin Laird, Mikoyan MiG-31, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25, MIL-STD-1760, Minnesota, Missile approach warning system, Mountain Home Air Force Base, Moving target indication, Museum of Aviation (Warner Robins), NACA airfoil, National Aeronautic Association, National Museum of the United States Air Force, NATO, NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, New START, New York (state), North American Aviation, North American XB-70 Valkyrie, North Dakota, Northrop Grumman, Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit, Northrop Grumman B-21 Raider, Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems, Nuclear triad, Ogden, Utah, Oklahoma, Operation Inherent Resolve, Operation Odyssey Dawn, Pacific Ocean, Panavia Tornado, Passive electronically scanned array, Penetrator (aircraft), Pratt & Whitney F119, Pulse-Doppler radar, Qatar, Radar, Radar altimeter, Radar cross-section, Radar jamming and deception, Radar warning receiver, Radiation-absorbent material, Radome, Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force, Rhein-Main Air Base, Richard Nixon, Ring laser gyroscope, Robert McNamara, Robins Air Force Base, Rockwell International, Rogers Dry Lake, Rome Laboratory, Ronald Reagan, S-300 missile system, S-duct, Saddam Hussein, Serpentine shape, Siege of Kobanî, Sniper Advanced Targeting Pod, Sortie, South Dakota, South Dakota Air and Space Museum, Soviet Union, Soviet–Afghan War, Space Shuttle orbiter, START I, Stealth aircraft, Strategic Air Command, Strategic Air Command & Aerospace Museum, Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, Strategic bomber, Submarine-launched ballistic missile, Sukhoi Su-24, Supersonic speed, Surface-to-air missile, Synthetic fuel, Synthetic-aperture radar, Syrian Civil War, T-tail, Takeoff, TASS, Terrain-following radar, Texas, The Pentagon, Thrust-to-weight ratio, Tinker Air Force Base, Tupolev Tu-160, Tupolev Tu-22M, Turbofan, Tye, Texas, United States Air Force, United States dollar, United States Navy, United States presidential election, 1976, USA Today, Van Horn, Texas, Variable-sweep wing, Vietnam War, Viktor Belenko, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Warner Robins, Georgia, Wichita, Kansas, William Proxmire, Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser, Wings Over the Rockies Air and Space Museum, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Zaslon, 116th Air Control Wing, 13th Bomb Squadron, 1960 U-2 incident, 1962 United States Tri-Service aircraft designation system, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 2018 missile strikes against Syria, 28th Bomb Squadron, 28th Bomb Wing, 337th Test and Evaluation Squadron, 338th Combat Crew Training Squadron, 34th Bomb Squadron, 366th Fighter Wing, 37th Bomb Squadron, 384th Air Expeditionary Wing, 410th Flight Test Squadron, 412th Test Wing, 419th Flight Test Squadron, 46th Bomb Squadron, 53d Test and Evaluation Group, 57th Wing, 77th Weapons Squadron, 7th Bomb Wing, 96th Test Wing, 9th Bomb Squadron. 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An active electronically scanned array (AESA), is a type of phased array antenna, that is a computer-controlled array antenna in which the beam of radio waves can be electronically steered to point in different directions without moving the antenna.
An afterburner (or a reheat) is a component present on some jet engines, mostly those used on military supersonic aircraft.
The AGM-154 Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW) is the product of a joint venture between the United States Navy and Air Force to deploy a standardized medium range precision guided weapon, especially for engagement of defended targets from outside the range of standard anti-aircraft defenses, thereby increasing aircraft survivability and minimizing friendly losses.
The AGM-158 JASSM (Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile) is a low observable standoff air-launched cruise missile developed in the United States.
The AGM-158C LRASM (Long Range Anti-Ship Missile) is a stealthy anti-ship cruise missile under development for the United States Air Force and United States Navy by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
The AGM-86 ALCM is an American subsonic air-launched cruise missile (ALCM) built by Boeing and operated by the United States Air Force.
Air Combat Command (ACC) is one of ten Major Commands (MAJCOMs) in the United States Air Force, reporting to Headquarters, United States Air Force (HAF) at the Pentagon.
Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) is a Major Command (MAJCOM) of the United States Air Force, headquartered at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana.
The Air Force Test Center (AFTC) is a development and test organization of the United States Air Force.
The Air National Guard (ANG), also known as the Air Guard, is a federal military reserve force as well as the militia air force of each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories of Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
An air-launched cruise missile (ALCM) is a cruise missile that is launched from a military aircraft.
Python family of AAM for comparisons, Python-5 (displayed lower-front) and Shafrir-1 (upper-back) An air-to-air missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft.
An airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) system is an airborne radar picket system designed to detect aircraft, ships and vehicles at long ranges and perform command and control of the battlespace in an air engagement by directing fighter and attack aircraft strikes.
Al Udeid Air Base (Arabic:قاعدة العديد الجوية) is a military base southwest of Doha, Qatar, also known as Abu Nakhlah Airport (Arabic:مطار أبو نخلة).
The AN/ALE-50 towed decoy system was developed by Raytheon to protect multiple US military aircraft from radar-guided missiles.
Alexander Meigs "Al" Haig Jr. (December 2, 1924February 20, 2010) was the United States secretary of state under President Ronald Reagan and the White House chief of staff under presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
Alzada, also Stoneville is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Carter County in the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Montana.
The AN/APG-66 radar is a solid state medium range (up to 150 km) Pulse-doppler planar array radar originally designed by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation (now Northrop Grumman) for use in the F-16 Fighting Falcon.
The Northrop Grumman AN/APG-83 Scalable Agile Beam Radar (SABR) is a full-performance fire control radar for the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon and other aircraft.
Andersen Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately northeast of Yigo near Agafo Gumas in the United States territory of Guam.
The Angolan Civil War (Guerra civil angolana) was a major civil conflict in Angola, beginning in 1975 and continuing, with some interludes, until 2002.
An appropriation bill, also known as supply bill or spending bill, is proposed law that authorizes the expenditure of government funds.
The Advanced Strategic Air-Launched Missile (ASALM) was a medium-range strategic missile program, developed in the late 1970s for the United States Air Force.
Ashland is a city in Saunders County, Nebraska, United States.
Autonetics was a division of North American Aviation that produced various avionics but is best known for their inertial navigation systems used in submarines and intercontinental ballistic missiles.
An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion.
In reliability theory and reliability engineering, the term availability has the following meanings.
Avionics are the electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites, and spacecraft.
The B61 nuclear bomb is the primary thermonuclear gravity bomb in the United States Enduring Stockpile following the end of the Cold War.
The B83 thermonuclear weapon is a variable-yield unguided bomb developed by the United States in the late 1970s, entering service in 1983.
The British Aircraft Corporation TSR-2 was a cancelled Cold War strike and reconnaissance aircraft developed by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) for the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
A bird strike—sometimes called birdstrike, bird ingestion (for an engine), bird hit, or bird aircraft strike hazard (BASH)—is a collision between an airborne animal (usually a bird or bat) and a manmade vehicle, especially an aircraft.
A Blended wing body (BWB or Hybrid Wing Body, HWB) is a fixed-wing aircraft having no clear dividing line between the wings and the main body of the craft.
The BLU-109/B is a hardened penetration bomb used by the United States Air Force (BLU is an acronym for Bomb Live Unit).
Robert Kenneth Dornan (born April 3, 1933) is an American politician who is a former Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from California.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is an American long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber.
The December 1998 bombing of Iraq (code-named Operation Desert Fox) was a major four-day bombing campaign on Iraqi targets from 16 December 1998, to 19 December 1998, by the United States and United Kingdom.
The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) is a British overseas territory of the United Kingdom situated in the Indian Ocean halfway between Tanzania and Indonesia.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
A canard is an aeronautical arrangement wherein a small forewing or foreplane is placed forward of the main wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.
Capitol Hill, in addition to being a metonym for the United States Congress, is the largest historic residential neighborhood in Washington, D.C., stretching easterly in front of the United States Capitol along wide avenues.
The CFM International CFM56 (U.S. military designation F108) series is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines made by CFM International (CFMI), with a thrust range of.
Classified information is material that a government body deems to be sensitive information that must be protected.
Clutter is a term used for unwanted echoes in electronic systems, particularly in reference to radars.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
Containment is a geopolitical strategy to stop the expansion of an enemy.
The Convair B-58 Hustler was the first operational jet bomber capable of Mach 2 flight.
The terms conventional weapons or conventional arms generally refer to weapons that are in relatively wide use that are not weapons of mass destruction (e.g. nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons).
In nuclear strategy, a counterforce target is one that has a military value, such as a launch silo for intercontinental ballistic missiles, an airbase at which nuclear-armed bombers are stationed, a homeport for ballistic missile submarines, or a command and control installation.
The cruciform tail is an aircraft empennage configuration which, when viewed from the aircraft's front or rear, looks much like a cross.
Cruise is a flight phase that occurs when the aircraft levels after a climb to a set altitude and before it begins to descend.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
In November 1975, on the eve of Angola's independence, Cuba launched a large-scale military intervention in support of the leftist People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) against United States-backed interventions by South Africa and Zaire in support of two right-wing independence movements competing for power in the country, the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA) and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA).
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.
The title Defence Minister, Minister for Defence, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defence, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defence, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states.
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
Diego Garcia is an atoll just south of the equator in the central Indian Ocean, and the largest of 60 small islands comprising the Chagos Archipelago.
In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.
Dyess Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately southwest of Abilene, Texas.
Eaton Corporation Plc is a multinational power management company with 2017 sales of $20.4 billion, founded in the United States with corporate headquarters in Dublin, Ireland.
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about northeast of Lancaster and east of Rosamond.
In aircraft, an ejection seat or ejector seat is a system designed to rescue the pilot or other crew of an aircraft (usually military) in an emergency.
Electronic warfare (EW) is any action involving the use of the electromagnetic spectrum or directed energy to control the spectrum, attack of an enemy, or impede enemy assaults via the spectrum.
Ellsworth Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located about northeast of Rapid City, South Dakota, just north of the town of Box Elder.
An escape crew capsule is an escape capsule which allows one or more occupants of an aircraft or spacecraft to escape from the craft while it is subjected to extreme conditions, such as high speed or altitude.
The Fédération aéronautique internationale (FAI; The World Air Sports Federation), is the world governing body for air sports.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations.
A flare or decoy flare is an aerial infrared countermeasure used by a plane or helicopter to counter an infrared homing ("heat-seeking") surface-to-air missile or air-to-air missile.
Flexible response was a defense strategy implemented by John F. Kennedy in 1961 to address the Kennedy administration's skepticism of Dwight Eisenhower's New Look and its policy of massive retaliation.
A flight recorder is an electronic recording device placed in an aircraft for the purpose of facilitating the investigation of aviation accidents and incidents.
Flightglobal is an online news and information website which covers the aviation and aerospace industries.
Francis Gary Powers (August 17, 1929 – August 1, 1977)—often referred to as simply Gary Powers—was an American pilot whose Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) U-2 spy plane was shot down while flying a reconnaissance mission in Soviet Union airspace, causing the 1960 U-2 incident.
The GATOR mine system is a United States military system of air-dropped anti-tank and anti-personnel mines developed in the 1980s to be compatible with existing cluster dispensers.
The GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb (SDB) is a precision-guided glide bomb that is intended to provide aircraft with the ability to carry a higher number of more accurate bombs.
General Dynamics Corporation (GD) is an American aerospace and defense multinational corporation formed by mergers and divestitures.
The General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark was a supersonic, medium-range interdictor and tactical attack aircraft that also filled the roles of strategic nuclear bomber, aerial reconnaissance, and electronic-warfare aircraft in its various versions.
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The General Electric F101 is an afterburning turbofan jet engine.
The General Electric F110 is an afterburning turbofan jet engine produced by GE Aviation.
The General Electric F118 is a non-afterburning turbofan engine produced by GE Aviation, and is derived from the General Electric F110 afterburning turbofan.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
The Georgia Air National Guard (GA ANG) is the air force militia of the U.S. state of Georgia.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
Grand Forks Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation in northeastern North Dakota, located north of Emerado and west of Grand Forks.
Griffiss Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force installation in the northeastern United States, located in central New York state at Rome, about northwest of Utica.
Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Harold Brown (born September 19, 1927) is an American scientist who served as U.S. Secretary of Defense from 1977 to 1981 in the cabinet of President Jimmy Carter.
Heavy bombers are bomber aircraft capable of delivering the largest payload of air-to-ground weaponry (usually bombs) and longest range of their era.
Hill Aerospace Museum, located in Roy, Utah, is a U.S. Air Force museum that is part of the United States Air Force Heritage Program.
Hill Air Force Base is a major U.S. Air Force base located in northern Utah, just south of the city of Ogden, and near the towns of Clearfield, Riverdale, Roy, Sunset, and Layton.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
The IBM System/4 Pi is a family of avionics computers used, in various versions, on the F-15 Eagle fighter, E-3 Sentry, AWACS, Harpoon Missile, NASA's Skylab, MOL, and the Space Shuttle, as well as other aircraft.
Idaho is a state in the northwestern region of the United States.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
An inertial navigation system (INS) is a navigation aid that uses a computer, motion sensors (accelerometers), rotation sensors (gyroscopes), and occasionally magnetic sensors (magnetometers) to continuously calculate by dead reckoning the position, the orientation, and the velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external references.
In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
An infrared countermeasure (IRCM) is a device designed to protect aircraft from infrared homing ("heat seeking") missiles by confusing the missiles' infrared guidance system so that they miss their target (electronic countermeasure).
Initial operating capability or Initial operational capability (IOC) is the state achieved when a capability is available in its minimum usefully deployable form.
Inlet cones (sometimes called shock cones or inlet centerbodies) are a component of some supersonic aircraft and missiles.
An intake or (for aircraft) inlet is an opening on a car or aircraft body capturing air for operation of an internal combustion engine.
An intake ramp is a rectangular, plate-like device within the air intake of a jet engine, designed to generate a number of shock waves to aid the inlet compression process at supersonic speeds.
An interceptor aircraft, or simply interceptor, is a type of fighter aircraft designed specifically to attack enemy aircraft, particularly bombers and reconnaissance aircraft, as they approach.
An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery (delivering one or more thermonuclear warheads).
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
The Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) is a guidance kit that converts unguided bombs, or "dumb bombs", into all-weather precision-guided munitions.
JOVIAL is a high-level computer programming language similar to ALGOL, specialized for the development of embedded systems (specialized computer systems designed to perform one or a few dedicated functions, usually embedded as part of a complete device including mechanical parts).
In aviation, a jump seat or jumpseat is an auxiliary seat for individuals—other than normal passengers—who are not operating the aircraft.
Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.
The Kansas Air National Guard (KS ANG) is the air force militia of the State of Kansas, United States of America.
La Junta is the city that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Otero County, Colorado, United States.
Landing is the last part of a flight, where a flying animal, aircraft, or spacecraft returns to the ground.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
The leading edge is the part of the wing that first contacts the air;Crane, Dale: Dictionary of Aeronautical Terms, third edition, page 305.
The LGM-30 Minuteman is a U.S. land-based intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), in service with the Air Force Global Strike Command.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
A fluid flowing past the surface of a body exerts a force on it.
Link 16 is a military tactical data exchange network used by NATO and nations allowed by the MIDS International Program Office (IPO).
Active United States military aircraft is a list of military aircraft that are used by the United States military.
The following is a list of bomber aircraft, organized by era and manufacturer.
The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed "Dragon Lady", is an American single-jet engine, ultra-high altitude reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF) and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
A radar system has look-down/shoot-down capability if it can detect, track and guide a weapon to an air target moving below the horizon as seen by the radar.
Lowry Air Force Base (Lowry Field 1938-1948) is a former United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) training base during World War II and a United States Air Force (USAF) training base during the Cold War, serving as the initial 1955-1958 site of the U.S. Air Force Academy.
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
In aviation, manufacturer's empty weight (MEW) (also known as manufacturer's weight empty (MWE)) is the weight of the aircraft "as built" and includes the weight of the structure, power plant, furnishings, installations, systems and other equipment that are considered an integral part of an aircraft before additional operator items are added for operation.
Marion is a home rule-class city in Crittenden County, Kentucky, in the United States.
The Mark 82 (Mk 82) is an unguided, low-drag general-purpose bomb, part of the United States Mark 80 series.
The Mark 84 or BLU-117 is an American general-purpose bomb.
McConnell Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located four miles (6 km) southeast of the central business district of Wichita, a city in Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15E Strike Eagle is an American all-weather multirole strike fighter derived from the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle.
Melvin Robert "Bom" Laird (September 1, 1922 – November 16, 2016) was an American politician, writer and statesman.
The Mikoyan MiG-31 (Микоян МиГ-31; NATO reporting name: Foxhound) is a supersonic interceptor aircraft developed for use by the Soviet Air Forces.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-25; NATO reporting name: Foxbat) is a supersonic interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft that was among the fastest military aircraft to enter service.
MIL-STD-1760 Aircraft/Store Electrical Interconnection System defines a standardized electrical interface between a military aircraft and its carriage stores.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
A missile approach warning system (MAW) is part of the avionics package on some military aircraft.
Mountain Home Air Force Base is a United States Air Force installation in the western United States.
Moving target indication (MTI) is a mode of operation of a radar to discriminate a target against the clutter.
The Museum of Aviation is the second-largest aerospace museum of the United States Air Force.
The NACA airfoils are airfoil shapes for aircraft wings developed by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA).
The National Aeronautic Association of the United States (NAA) is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization and a founding member of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI).
The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, northeast of Dayton, Ohio.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
The NATO bombing of Yugoslavia was the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation's (NATO) military operation against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) during the Kosovo War.
Nellis Air Force Base ("Nellis" colloq.) is a United States Air Force installation in southern Nevada with military schools and more squadrons than any other USAF base.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) (Russian: СНВ-III, SNV-III) is a nuclear arms reduction treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation with the formal name of Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
North American Aviation (NAA) was a major American aerospace manufacturer, responsible for a number of historic aircraft, including the T-6 Texan trainer, the P-51 Mustang fighter, the B-25 Mitchell bomber, the F-86 Sabre jet fighter, the X-15 rocket plane, and the XB-70, as well as Apollo Command and Service Module, the second stage of the Saturn V rocket, the Space Shuttle orbiter and the B-1 Lancer.
The North American Aviation XB-70 Valkyrie was the prototype version of the planned B-70 nuclear-armed, deep-penetration strategic bomber for the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command.
North Dakota is a U.S. state in the midwestern and northern regions of the United States.
Northrop Grumman Corporation is an American global aerospace and defense technology company formed by Northrop's 1994 purchase of Grumman.
The Northrop (later Northrop Grumman) B-2 Spirit, also known as the Stealth Bomber, is an American heavy penetration strategic bomber, featuring low observable stealth technology designed for penetrating dense anti-aircraft defenses; it is a flying wing design with a crew of two.
The Northrop Grumman B-21 Raider is a heavy bomber under development by Northrop Grumman. As part of the Long Range Strike Bomber program (LRS-B), it is to be a very long-range, stealth strategic bomber for the United States Air Force capable of delivering conventional or thermonuclear weapons. The bomber is expected to enter combat service by 2025. It is to complement existing Rockwell B-1 Lancer, Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit and Boeing B-52 Stratofortress bomber fleets in U.S. service and eventually replace these bombers.
Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems was created by Northrop Grumman's acquisition of Westinghouse Electronic Systems Group in 1996.
A nuclear triad is a three-pronged military force structure that consists of land-launched nuclear missiles, nuclear-missile-armed submarines and strategic aircraft with nuclear bombs and missiles.
Ogden is a city and the county seat of Weber County, Utah, United States, approximately east of the Great Salt Lake and north of Salt Lake City.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR) is the U.S. military's operational name for the military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIL, in the vernacular, Daesh), including both the campaign in Iraq and the campaign in Syria.
Operation Odyssey Dawn was the U.S. code name for the American role in the international military operation in Libya to enforce United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 during the initial period of 19–31 March 2011, which continued afterwards under NATO command as Operation Unified Protector.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine, variable-sweep wing multirole combat aircraft, which was jointly developed and manufactured by Italy, the United Kingdom, and West Germany.
A passive electronically scanned array (PESA), also known as passive phased array, is a phased array antenna, that is an antenna in which the beam of radio waves can be electronically steered to point in different directions, in which all the antenna elements are connected to a single transmitter (such as a magnetron, a klystron or a travelling wave tube) and/or receiver.
A penetrator is a long-range bomber aircraft designed to penetrate enemy defenses.
The Pratt & Whitney F119, company designation PW5000, is an afterburning turbofan engine developed by Pratt & Whitney for the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor advanced tactical fighter.
A pulse-Doppler radar is a radar system that determines the range to a target using pulse-timing techniques, and uses the Doppler effect of the returned signal to determine the target object's velocity.
Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
A radar altimeter, electronic altimeter, reflection altimeter, radio altimeter (RADALT), low range radio altimeter (LRRA) or simply RA, used on aircraft, measures altitude above the terrain presently beneath an aircraft or spacecraft by timing how long it takes a beam of radio waves to reflect from the ground and return to the plane.
Radar cross-section (RCS) is a measure of how detectable an object is by radar.
Radar jamming and deception (electronic countermeasures) is the intentional emission of radio frequency signals to interfere with the operation of a radar by saturating its receiver with noise or false information.
Radar warning receiver (RWR) systems detect the radio emissions of radar systems.
Radiation-absorbent material, usually known as RAM, is a material which has been specially designed and shaped to absorb incident RF radiation (also known as non-ionising radiation), as effectively as possible, from as many incident directions as possible.
A radome (which is a portmanteau of radar and dome) is a structural, weatherproof enclosure that protects a radar antenna.
The Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force (RDJTF) is an inactive United States Department of Defense Joint Task Force.
Rhein-Main Air Base (located at) was a United States Air Force air base near the city of Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
A ring laser gyroscope (RLG) consists of a ring laser having two independent counter-propagating resonant modes over the same path; the difference in the frequencies is used to detect rotation.
Robert Strange McNamara (June 9, 1916 – July 6, 2009) was an American business executive and the eighth Secretary of Defense, serving from 1961 to 1968 under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
Robins Air Force Base is a major United States Air Force installation located in Houston County, Georgia, United States.
Rockwell International was a major American manufacturing conglomerate in the latter half of the 20th century, involved in aircraft, the space industry, both defense-oriented and commercial electronics, automotive and truck components, printing presses, valves and meters, and industrial automation.
Rogers Dry Lake is an endorheic desert salt pan in the Mojave Desert of Kern County, California.
Rome Laboratory (Rome Air Development Center until 1991) is the US "Air Force 'superlab' for command, control, and communications" research and development and is responsible for planning and executing the USAF science and technology program.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
The S-300 (NATO reporting name SA-10 Grumble) is a series of initially Soviet and later Russian long range surface-to-air missile systems produced by NPO Almaz, based on the initial S-300P version.
An S-duct (or serpentine inlet) is a type of jet engine intake duct used in several types of trijet aircraft.
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
A serpentine shape is any of certain curved shapes of an object or design, which are suggestive of the shape of a snake (the adjective "serpentine" is derived from the word serpent).
The Siege of Kobanî was launched by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (also known as ISIL, ISIS, or Daesh) militants on 13 September 2014, in order to capture the Kobanî Canton and its main city of Kobanî (also known as Kobanê or Ayn al-Arab) in northern Syria, in the de facto autonomous region of Rojava. By 2 October 2014, ISIL succeeded in capturing 350 Kurdish villages and towns within the vicinity of Kobanê, generating a wave of some 300,000 displaced Kurds, who fled across the border into Turkey's Şanlıurfa Province. By January 2015, this had risen to 400,000. The Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) backed by Euphrates Volcano joint operations room, some Free Syrian Army (FSA) reinforcements, heavily armed Peshmerga of the Kurdistan Regional Government, and American and US-allied Arab militaries' airstrikes began to recapture Kobane. On 26 January 2015, the YPG and its allies, along with the continued US-led airstrikes, began to retake the city, driving ISIL into a steady retreat. The city of Kobanê was fully recaptured on 27 January; however, most of the remaining villages in the Kobanî Canton remained under ISIL control. Kurdish militia along with allied Arab armed groups backed by further airstrikes, then made rapid advances in rural Kobanî, with ISIL withdrawing 25 km from the city of Kobanî by 2 February. By late April 2015, ISIL had lost almost all of the villages it had captured in the Canton, but maintained control of a few dozen villages it seized in the northwestern part of the Raqqa Governorate. In late June 2015, ISIL launched a new offensive against the city, killing at least 233 civilians. The militants were quickly driven back. The battle for Kobanî was considered a turning point in the war against ISIL.
The Lockheed Martin Sniper is a targeting pod for military aircraft that provides positive target identification, autonomous tracking, GPS coordinate generation, and precise weapons guidance from extended standoff ranges.
A sortie (from the French word meaning ''exit'') is a deployment or dispatch of one military unit, be it an aircraft, ship, or troops, from a strongpoint.
South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The South Dakota Air and Space Museum, part of the museum system of the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, is located in Box Elder, South Dakota, just outside the main gate of Ellsworth AFB.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989.
The Space Shuttle orbiter was the spaceplane component of the Space Shuttle, a partially reusable orbital spacecraft system that was part of the Space Shuttle program.
START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms.
Stealth aircraft are designed to avoid detection using a variety of technologies that reduce reflection/emission of radar, infrared, visible light, radio-frequency (RF) spectrum, and audio, collectively known as stealth technology.
Strategic Air Command (SAC) was both a Department of Defense Specified Command and a United States Air Force (USAF) Major Command (MAJCOM), responsible for Cold War command and control of two of the three components of the U.S. military's strategic nuclear strike forces, the so-called "nuclear triad," with SAC having control of land-based strategic bomber aircraft and intercontinental ballistic missiles or ICBMs (the third leg of the triad being submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM) of the U.S. Navy).
The Strategic Air Command & Aerospace Museum is a museum focusing on aircraft and nuclear missiles of the United States Air Force.
The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union, the Cold War superpowers, on the issue of arms control.
A strategic bomber is a medium to long range penetration bomber aircraft designed to drop large amounts of air-to-ground weaponry onto a distant target for the purposes of debilitating the enemy's capacity to wage war.
A submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) is a ballistic missile capable of being launched from submarines.
The Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name: Fencer) is a supersonic, all-weather attack aircraft developed in the Soviet Union.
Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1).
A surface-to-air missile (SAM, pronunced), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM, pronounced), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.
Synthetic fuel or synfuel is a liquid fuel, or sometimes gaseous fuel, obtained from syngas, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, in which the syngas was derived from gasification of solid feedstocks such as coal or biomass or by reforming of natural gas.
Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) is a form of radar that is used to create two- or three-dimensional images of objects, such as landscapes.
The Syrian Civil War (الحرب الأهلية السورية, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought primarily between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad, along with its allies, and various forces opposing both the government and each other in varying combinations.
A T-tail is an empennage configuration in which the tailplane is mounted to the top of the fin.
Takeoff is the phase of flight in which an aerospace vehicle or an animal goes from the ground to flying in the air.
Russian News Agency TASS (Informatsionnoye agentstvo Rossii TASS), abbr.
Terrain-following radar (TFR) is an aerospace technology that allows a very-low-flying aircraft to automatically maintain a relatively constant altitude above ground level.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. As a symbol of the U.S. military, The Pentagon is often used metonymically to refer to the U.S. Department of Defense.
Thrust-to-weight ratio is a dimensionless ratio of thrust to weight of a rocket, jet engine, propeller engine, or a vehicle propelled by such an engine that indicates the performance of the engine or vehicle.
Tinker Air Force Base is a major United States Air Force base, with tenant U.S. Navy and other Department of Defense missions, located geographically in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
The Tupolev Tu-160 (White Swan; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-22M (Russian: Туполев Ту-22М; NATO reporting name: Backfire) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing, long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by the Tupolev Design Bureau.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
Tye is a city in Taylor County, Texas, United States.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States presidential election of 1976 was the 48th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1976.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Van Horn is a town in and the seat of Culberson County, Texas, United States.
A variable-sweep wing, colloquially known as a "swing wing", is an airplane wing, or set of wings, that may be swept back and then returned to its original position during flight.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Viktor Ivanovich Belenko (Виктор Иванович Беленко, born 15 February 1947) is a former Soviet pilot who defected to the West while flying his MiG-25 'Foxbat' jet fighter and landed in Hakodate, Japan.
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
Warner Robins is a city in the U.S. state of Georgia, located in Houston County in the central part of the state.
Wichita is the largest city in the U.S. state of Kansas.
Edward William "Bill" Proxmire (November 11, 1915 – December 15, 2005) was an American politician.
The Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser system is a US tail kit for use with the TMD (Tactical Munitions Dispenser) family of cluster bombs to convert them to precision-guided munitions.
The Wings Over the Rockies Air and Space Museum (WOTR) is located on the former Lowry Air Force Base in Denver, Colorado, United States.
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB) is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place just east of Dayton, Ohio, in Greene and Montgomery counties.
The Russian (former USSR) BRLS-8B "Zaslon" (Barrier) is an all-weather multimode airborne radar developed between 1975 and 1980 by the Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design as part of the weapons control system of the MiG-31 supersonic interceptor.
The 116th Air Control Wing is a Wing of the Georgia Air National Guard/United States Air Force, stationed at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia.
The 13th Bomb Squadron is a squadron of the United States Air Force.
On 1 May 1960, a United States U-2 spy plane was shot down by the Soviet Air Defence Forces while performing photographic aerial reconnaissance deep into Soviet territory.
The Tri-Service aircraft designation system is a unified system introduced in 1962 by the United States Department of Defense for designating all U.S. military aircraft.
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).
On 14 April 2018, beginning at 04:00 Syrian time (UTC+3), the United States, France, and the United Kingdom carried out a series of military strikes involving aircraft and ship-based missiles against multiple government sites in Syria.
The 28th Bomb Squadron is a squadron of the United States Air Force.
The 28th Bomb Wing is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Eighth Air Force (8 AF) of the Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) and is stationed at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota.
The 337th Test and Evaluations Squadron is a squadron of the United States Air Force.
The 338th Combat Crew Training Squadron is a currently inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 34th Bomb Squadron is part of the 28th Bomb Wing at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota.
The 366th Fighter Wing (366 FW) is a fighter wing of the United States Air Force Air Combat Command stationed at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho.
The 37th Bomb Squadron is part of the 28th Bomb Wing at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota.
The 384th Air Expeditionary Wing (384 AEW) is an inactive unit of the United States Air Force.
The 410th Flight Test Squadron (410 FTS) is an inactive United States Air Force squadron.
The 412th Test Wing (412 TW) is a wing of the United States Air Force, assigned to the Air Force Test Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California.
The 419th Flight Test Squadron is a United States Air Force squadron.
The 46th Bomb Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 53d Test and Evaluation Group is a group of the United States Air Force.
The 57th Wing (57 WG) is an operational unit of the United States Air Force Warfare Center, stationed at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada.
The 77th Weapons Squadron is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the USAF Weapons School, stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas.
The 7th Bomb Wing (7 BW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Global Strike Command Eighth Air Force.
The 96th Test Wing is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Force Test Center of Air Force Materiel Command at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.
The 9th Bomb Squadron is a squadron of the United States Air Force.
1987 La Junta B-1 crash, AN/APQ-164, Advanced Manned Strategic Aircraft, B-1 Lancer, B-1 Lancers, B-1 bomber, B-1 lancer, B-1A, B-1A Lancer, B-1A bomber, B-1B, B-1B Lancer, B-1B Lancr, B-1B bomber, B-1R, B1 Lancer, B1 Lancer bomber, B1 bomber, B1-B Lancer, B1A Lancer, B1B, B1B Lancer, B1R, B1a, Rockwell B-1, Rockwell B-1A, Rockwell B-1A Lancer, Rockwell B-1B, Rockwell B-1B Lancer, Rockwell B1-B Lancer, Rockwell International B-1.