311 relations: Absaroka Range, Agriculture, Alaska, Alberta, Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests, Alexander Mackenzie (explorer), Algae, Algonquian languages, Alpine tundra, American black bear, American Civil War, American Cordillera, Andrew Henry (fur trader), Antler orogeny, Apache, Apex predator, Arapaho, Archean, Arctic Ocean, Argillite, Athabasca River, Atlantic Ocean, Badger, Bald eagle, Banff National Park, Bannock people, Beartooth Mountains, Beaufort Sea, Bella Coola, British Columbia, Benjamin Bonneville, Benjamin Harrison, Bighorn Mountains, Bighorn sheep, Bioindicator, Bison antiquus, Bitterroot Range, Blackfoot Confederacy, Bristlecone pine, British Columbia, Brooks Range, Bull Lake glaciation, Cabinet Mountains, Camping, Canada, Canadian Pacific Railway, Canadian Rockies, Canadian Shield, Cascade Range, Caucasian race, Cheyenne, ..., Cirque, Clark Range (Canada), Climax, Colorado, Coal, Coalbed methane, Coast Mountains, Coeur d'Alene people, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, Colorado, Columbia District, Columbia Mountains, Columbia Plateau, Columbia Valley, Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, Continental Divide of the Americas, Continental Ranges, Copper, Coyote, Cree, Crow Nation, Dakota Hogback, Dane-zaa, David Thompson (explorer), Denver, Dolomite, Douglas fir, Eagle River (Colorado), Elk, English language, Erosion, Farallon Plate, Fernie, British Columbia, Fir, Fishing, Flathead Lake, Flathead River, Forestry, Fort Fraser, British Columbia, Fort St. James, Fort Vancouver, France, Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, French language, Front Range, Fur trade, Geology of the Rocky Mountains, Glacier, Glacier National Park (U.S.), Gold, Gold rush, Grand Teton National Park, Gray wolf, Great Basin, Great Northern Railway (U.S.), Great Plains, Great Salt Lake, Greenback cutthroat trout, Grizzly bear, Hart Ranges, Hiking, Hinton, Alberta, History of wolves in Yellowstone, Holocene, Hudson Bay, Hudson's Bay Company, Hunting, Hydraulic fracturing, Idaho, Igneous rock, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Interior Mountains, Interior Plains, Interior Plateau, Jackson, Wyoming, Jacques Legardeur de Saint-Pierre, James Sinclair (fur trader), Jasper National Park, Jedediah Smith, Jim Bridger, John Colter, Juniper, Kicking Horse Pass, Kicking Horse Resort, Kit Carson, Kootenay National Park, Kootenay River, Krummholz, Ktunaxa Nation, Kwadacha Wilderness Provincial Park, Lake of the Woods, Lakota people, Laramide orogeny, Last glacial period, Lead, Leadville, Colorado, Lewis and Clark Expedition, Liard River, Life zone, Limestone, List of mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains, List of protected areas of British Columbia, List of rivers of the Rocky Mountains, Little Rocky Mountains, Livestock, Local extinction, Lynx, Mackenzie Mountains, Mackenzie River, Mammoth, McGregor Plateau, McLeod Lake, Medicine Bow – Routt National Forest, Mesozoic, Metamorphic rock, Mexico, Mineral, Mining, Mississippian (geology), Molybdenum, Montana, Moose, Moraine Lake, Mormons, Moss, Mount Assiniboine Provincial Park, Mount Elbert, Mount Revelstoke National Park, Mount Robson, Mount Robson Provincial Park, Mountain biking, Mountain goat, Mountain man, Mountain range, Mountaineering, Mule deer, Muncho Lake Provincial Park, Muskwa Ranges, National Parks of Canada, Native Americans in the United States, Natural gas, Neogene, New Caledonia (Canada), New Mexico, North America, North American Cordillera, North American Plate, North West Company, Northern Rocky Mountains, Northern Rocky Mountains Provincial Park, Oak, Oil shale, Omineca Mountains, Oregon boundary dispute, Oregon Trail, Oregon Treaty, Pacific Coast Ranges, Pacific Ocean, Paleogene, Paleozoic, Panorama Mountain Village, Parliament of Canada, Pasture, Peace River, Pend d'Oreilles, Pennsylvanian (geology), Peregrine falcon, Permian, Petroleum, Pine, Pinus albicaulis, Pinus contorta, Pinus ponderosa, Pinyon pine, Platte River, Pleistocene, Populus tremuloides, Powder River Basin, Precambrian, Prince George, British Columbia, Pronghorn, Proterozoic, Quaternary glaciation, Radium Hot Springs, Recreation, Red River Colony, Rio Grande, Rocky Mountain Foothills, Rocky Mountain Front, Rocky Mountain House, Rocky Mountain National Park, Rocky Mountain Trench, Rocky Mountains, Rocky Mountains subalpine zone, Rogers Pass (British Columbia), Salish Mountains, Salt Lake City, San Juan Basin, San Juan Mountains, Sangre de Cristo Mountains, Sawtooth National Recreation Area, Sea level, Sedimentary basin, Sedimentary rock, Sekani, Selwyn Mountains, Shoshone, Sierra Madre Occidental, Sierra Nevada (U.S.), Silver, Skiing, Snowboarding, South Pass (Wyoming), Southern Rocky Mountains, Southwestern United States, Spain, Spanish language, Sparwood, Spruce, Stikine Ranges, Stone Mountain Provincial Park, Subduction, Terrane, Teton Range, Theodore Roosevelt, Thomas Fitzpatrick (trapper), Thrust fault, Tibet, Transcontinental railroad, Transhumance, Treaty of 1818, Trinidad, Colorado, Triple Divide Peak (Montana), Trout, Trumpeter swan, Tsuga heterophylla, Tumbler Ridge, Tungsten, Union Army, United Kingdom, United States physiographic region, Utah, Ute people, Valley of the Ten Peaks, Wagon train, Wasatch Range, Waterton Lakes National Park, Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park, Western toad, White sturgeon, White-tailed deer, White-tailed ptarmigan, William Henry Ashley, Wind River Range, Wolverine, Wyoming, Wyoming Basin physiographic province, Yellowstone National Park, Yoho National Park, Yukon, Zinc, 49th parallel north. Expand index (261 more) » « Shrink index
The Absaroka Range is a sub-range of the Rocky Mountains in the United States.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Alberta is a western province of Canada.
The Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests are a temperate coniferous forests ecoregion of Canada.
Sir Alexander Mackenzie (or MacKenzie, Alasdair MacCoinnich; 1764 – 12 March 1820) was a Scottish explorer known for accomplishing the first east to west crossing of North America north of Mexico, which preceded the more famous Lewis and Clark Expedition by 12 years.
Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.
The Algonquian languages (or; also Algonkian) are a subfamily of Native American languages which includes most of the languages in the Algic language family.
Alpine tundra is a type of natural region or biome that does not contain trees because it is at high altitude.
The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Cordillera is a chain of mountain ranges (cordilleras) that consists of an almost continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the western "backbone" of North America, South America and Antarctica.
Major Andrew Henry (1775 – January 10, 1832) was an American miner, army officer, frontiersman, trapper and entrepreneur.
The Antler orogeny was an enigmatic tectonic event, that began in the early Late Devonian with widespread effects continuing into the Mississippian and early Pennsylvanian.
The Apache are a group of culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains and Western Apache.
An apex predator, also known as an alpha predator or top predator, is a predator at the top of a food chain, with no natural predators.
The Arapaho (in French: Arapahos, Gens de Vache) are a tribe of Native Americans historically living on the plains of Colorado and Wyoming.
The Archean Eon (also spelled Archaean or Archæan) is one of the four geologic eons of Earth history, occurring (4 to 2.5 billion years ago).
The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans.
Argillite is a fine-grained sedimentary rock composed predominantly of indurated clay particles.
The Athabasca River (French: rivière Athabasca) originates from the Columbia Glacier of the Columbia Icefield in Jasper National Park in Alberta, Canada.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
Badgers are short-legged omnivores in the family Mustelidae, which also includes the otters, polecats, weasels, and wolverines.
The bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus, from Greek ἅλς, hals "sea", αἰετός aietos "eagle", λευκός, leukos "white", κεφαλή, kephalē "head") is a bird of prey found in North America.
Banff National Park is Canada's oldest national park and was established in 1885.
The Bannock tribe were originally Northern Paiute but are more culturally affiliated with the Northern Shoshone.
The Beartooth Mountains are located in south central Montana and northwest Wyoming, U.S. and are part of the 944,000 acres (3,820 km2) Absaroka-Beartooth Wilderness, within Custer, Gallatin and Shoshone National Forests.
The Beaufort Sea (Mer de Beaufort) is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean, located north of the Northwest Territories, the Yukon, and Alaska, west of Canada's Arctic islands.
Bella Coola is a community in the Bella Coola Valley, in British Columbia, Canada.
Benjamin Louis Eulalie de Bonneville (April 14, 1796 – June 12, 1878) was a French-born officer in the United States Army, fur trapper, and explorer in the American West.
Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 23rd President of the United States from 1889 to 1893.
The Bighorn Mountains (Apsáalookěi: Basawaxaawúua or Iisaxpúatahchee Isawaxaawúua) are a mountain range in northern Wyoming and southern Montana in the United States, forming a northwest-trending spur from the Rocky Mountains extending approximately 200 miles (320 km) northward on the Great Plains.
The bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) is a species of sheep native to North America named for its large horns.
A bioindicator is any species (an indicator species) or group of species whose function, population, or status can reveal the qualitative status of the environment.
Bison antiquus, the ancient or antique bison, was the most common large herbivore of the North American continent for over 10,000 years, and is a direct ancestor of the living American bison.
The Bitterroot Range is a mountain range and a subrange of the Rocky Mountains that runs along the border of Montana and Idaho in the northwestern United States.
The Blackfoot Confederacy, Niitsitapi or Siksikaitsitapi (ᖹᐟᒧᐧᒣᑯ, meaning "the people" or "Blackfoot-speaking real people"Compare to Ojibwe: Anishinaabeg and Quinnipiac: Eansketambawg) is a historic collective name for the four bands that make up the Blackfoot or Blackfeet people: three First Nation band governments in the provinces of Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia, and one federally recognized Native American tribe in Montana, United States.
The term bristlecone pine covers three species of pine tree (family Pinaceae, genus Pinus, subsection Balfourianae).
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
The Brooks Range (Athabaskan Gwazhał) is a mountain range in far northern North America stretching some from west to east across northern Alaska into Canada's Yukon Territory.
The Bull Lake glaciation is the name of a glacial period in North America that is part of the Quaternary Ice Age.
The Cabinet Mountains are part of the Rocky Mountains, located in northwest Montana and the Idaho panhandle, in the United States.
Camping is an outdoor activity involving overnight stays away from home in a shelter, such as a tent.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), also known formerly as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881.
The Canadian Rockies (Rocheuses canadiennes) comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains.
The Canadian Shield, also called the Laurentian Plateau, or Bouclier canadien (French), is a large area of exposed Precambrian igneous and high-grade metamorphic rocks (geological shield) that forms the ancient geological core of the North American continent (the North American Craton or Laurentia).
The Cascade Range or Cascades is a major mountain range of western North America, extending from southern British Columbia through Washington and Oregon to Northern California.
The Caucasian race (also Caucasoid or Europid) is a grouping of human beings historically regarded as a biological taxon, which, depending on which of the historical race classifications used, have usually included some or all of the ancient and modern populations of Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Western Asia, Central Asia and South Asia.
The Cheyenne are one of the indigenous peoples of the Great Plains and their language is of the Algonquian language family.
Two cirques with semi-permanent snowpatches near Abisko National Park, Sweden A cirque (French, from the Latin word circus) is an amphitheatre-like valley formed by glacial erosion.
The Clark Range is a mountain range that forms part of the Continental Divide and also the boundary between the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia.
Climax was an unincorporated mining village and a former U.S. Post Office located in Lake County, Colorado, United States.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
Coalbed methane (CBM or coal-bed methane), coalbed gas, coal seam gas (CSG), or coal-mine methane (CMM) is a form of natural gas extracted from coal beds.
The Coast Mountains are a major mountain range in the Pacific Coast Ranges of western North America, extending from southwestern Yukon through the Alaska Panhandle and virtually all of the Coast of British Columbia south to the Fraser River.
The Coeur d'Alene (Schitsu'umsh or Skitswish in their Coeur d'Alene language, meaning "The Discovered People" or "Those Who Are Found Here") are a Native American nation and one of five federally recognized tribes in the state of Idaho.
Coeur d'Alene is the largest city and county seat of Kootenai County, Idaho, United States.
Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.
The Columbia District was a fur trading district in the Pacific Northwest region of British North America in the 19th century.
The Columbia Mountains are a group of mountain ranges along the upper Columbia River in southeastern British Columbia, and also in Montana, Idaho and Washington.
The Columbia Plateau or Columbia Basin is a geographic region located almost entirely in Eastern Washington and north-central Oregon—with the eastern edge spilling over into North Idaho The area is characterized by its mostly semi-arid climate (Bsk under the Köppen classification)—with some areas falling under the desert (BWk) and mediterranean (Csa and Csb) classifications—resulting in a shrub-steppe environment.
The Columbia Valley is the name used for a region in the Rocky Mountain Trench near the headwaters of the Columbia River between the town of Golden and the Canal Flats.
The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation are a federally recognized tribe in the U.S. state of Montana.
The Continental Divide of the Americas (also known as the Great Divide, the Continental Gulf of Division, or merely the Continental Divide) is the principal, and largely mountainous, hydrological divide of the Americas.
The Continental Ranges is a name for a major grouping of mountain ranges in the Rocky Mountains located in eastern British Columbia and western Alberta.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
The coyote (Canis latrans); from Nahuatl) is a canine native to North America. It is smaller than its close relative, the gray wolf, and slightly smaller than the closely related eastern wolf and red wolf. It fills much of the same ecological niche as the golden jackal does in Eurasia, though it is larger and more predatory, and is sometimes called the American jackal by zoologists. The coyote is listed as least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature due to its wide distribution and abundance throughout North America, southwards through Mexico, and into Central America. The species is versatile, able to adapt to and expand into environments modified by humans. It is enlarging its range, with coyotes moving into urban areas in the Eastern U.S., and was sighted in eastern Panama (across the Panama Canal from their home range) for the first time in 2013., 19 coyote subspecies are recognized. The average male weighs and the average female. Their fur color is predominantly light gray and red or fulvous interspersed with black and white, though it varies somewhat with geography. It is highly flexible in social organization, living either in a family unit or in loosely knit packs of unrelated individuals. It has a varied diet consisting primarily of animal meat, including deer, rabbits, hares, rodents, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates, though it may also eat fruits and vegetables on occasion. Its characteristic vocalization is a howl made by solitary individuals. Humans are the coyote's greatest threat, followed by cougars and gray wolves. In spite of this, coyotes sometimes mate with gray, eastern, or red wolves, producing "coywolf" hybrids. In the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, the eastern coyote (a larger subspecies, though still smaller than wolves) is the result of various historical and recent matings with various types of wolves. Genetic studies show that most North American wolves contain some level of coyote DNA. The coyote is a prominent character in Native American folklore, mainly in the Southwestern United States and Mexico, usually depicted as a trickster that alternately assumes the form of an actual coyote or a man. As with other trickster figures, the coyote uses deception and humor to rebel against social conventions. The animal was especially respected in Mesoamerican cosmology as a symbol of military might. After the European colonization of the Americas, it was reviled in Anglo-American culture as a cowardly and untrustworthy animal. Unlike wolves (gray, eastern, or red), which have undergone an improvement of their public image, attitudes towards the coyote remain largely negative.
The Cree (script; Cri) are one of the largest groups of First Nations in North America, with over 200,000 members living in Canada.
The Crow, called the Apsáalooke in their own Siouan language, or variants including the Absaroka, are Native Americans, who in historical times lived in the Yellowstone River valley, which extends from present-day Wyoming, through Montana and into North Dakota, where it joins the Missouri River.
The Dakota Hogback is a long hogback ridge at the eastern fringe of the Rocky Mountains that extends north-south from southern Wyoming through Colorado and into northern New Mexico in the United States.
The Dane-zaa (ᑕᓀᖚ, also spelled Dunne-za, or Tsattine), historically referred to as the Beaver tribe by Europeans, are an Athabaskan-speaking group of First Nations people.
David Thompson (30 April 1770 – 10 February 1857) was a British-Canadian fur trader, surveyor, and map-maker, known to some native peoples as Koo-Koo-Sint or "the Stargazer." Over Thompson's career, he travelled some across North America, mapping of North America along the way.
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
Dolomite is an anhydrous carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate, ideally The term is also used for a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of the mineral dolomite.
Pseudotsuga menziesii, commonly known as Douglas fir, Douglas-fir and Oregon pine, is an evergreen conifer species native to western North America.
The Eagle River is a tributary of the Colorado River, approximately long,U.S. Geological Survey.
The elk or wapiti (Cervus canadensis) is one of the largest species within the deer family, Cervidae, in the world, and one of the largest land mammals in North America and Eastern Asia.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
The Farallon Plate was an ancient oceanic plate that began subducting under the west coast of the North American Plate—then located in modern Utah—as Pangaea broke apart during the Jurassic period.
Fernie is a city in the Elk Valley area of the East Kootenay region of southeastern British Columbia, Canada, located on BC Highway 3 on the eastern approaches to the Crowsnest Pass through the Rocky Mountains.
Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–56 species of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae.
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.
Flathead Lake (Salish: člq̓etkʷ) is a large natural lake in northwest Montana, and is the largest natural freshwater lake by surface area that is west of the source of the Mississippi River in the contiguous United States.
The Flathead River (Salish: ntx̣ʷetkʷ, ntx̣ʷe), in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Montana, originates in the Canadian Rockies to the north of Glacier National Park and flows southwest into Flathead Lake, then after a journey of, empties into the Clark Fork.
Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human and environment benefits.
Fort Fraser is an unincorporated community of about 500 people, situated near the base of Fraser Mountain, close to the village municipality of Fraser Lake and the Nechako River.
Fort Vancouver was a 19th-century fur trading post that was the headquarters of the Hudson's Bay Company's Columbia Department, located in the Pacific Northwest.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado y Luján (1510 – 22 September 1554) was a Spanish conquistador and explorer who led a large expedition from Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The Front Range is a mountain range of the Southern Rocky Mountains of North America located in the central portion of the U.S. State of Colorado, and southeastern portion of the U.S. State of Wyoming.
The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
The geology of the Rocky Mountains is that of a discontinuous series of mountain ranges with distinct geological origins.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
Glacier National Park is a national park located in the U.S. state of Montana, on the Canada–United States border with the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
A gold rush is a new discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious metals and rare earth minerals—that brings an onrush of miners seeking their fortune.
Grand Teton National Park is an American national park in northwestern Wyoming.
The gray wolf (Canis lupus), also known as the timber wolf,Paquet, P. & Carbyn, L. W. (2003).
The Great Basin is the largest area of contiguous endorheic watersheds in North America.
The Great Northern Railway was an American Class I railroad.
The Great Plains (sometimes simply "the Plains") is the broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada.
The Great Salt Lake, located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Utah, is the largest salt water lake in the Western Hemisphere, and the eighth-largest terminal lake in the world.
The greenback cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii stomias) is the easternmost subspecies of cutthroat trout.
The grizzly bear (Ursus arctos ssp.) is a large population of the brown bear inhabiting North America.
The Hart Ranges are one of the main geographic subdivisions of the Canadian Rockies and are the main part of the area that is meant by the Northern Rockies, although the much larger Muskwa Ranges to the north are more deserving of that term — but also much more inaccessible and much less visited — and the Northern Rockies are generally also considered to extend at least as far south as Mount Robson, which is in the Continental Ranges.
Hiking is the preferred term, in Canada and the United States, for a long, vigorous walk, usually on trails (footpaths), in the countryside, while the word walking is used for shorter, particularly urban walks.
Hinton is a town in west-central Alberta, Canada.
When Yellowstone National Park was created in 1872, gray wolf (Canis lupus) populations were already in decline in Montana, Wyoming and Idaho.
The Holocene is the current geological epoch.
Hudson Bay (Inuktitut: Kangiqsualuk ilua, baie d'Hudson) (sometimes called Hudson's Bay, usually historically) is a large body of saltwater in northeastern Canada with a surface area of.
The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson) is a Canadian retail business group.
Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.
Hydraulic fracturing (also fracking, fraccing, frac'ing, hydrofracturing or hydrofracking) is a well stimulation technique in which rock is fractured by a pressurized liquid.
Idaho is a state in the northwestern region of the United States.
Igneous rock (derived from the Latin word ignis meaning fire), or magmatic rock, is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
The Interior Mountains, also called the Northern Interior Mountains and Interior Ranges, are the semi-official names for a huge area that comprises much of the northern two thirds of the Canadian province of British Columbia and a large area of southern Yukon.
The Interior Plains is a vast physiographic region that spreads across the Laurentian craton of central North America.
The Interior Plateau comprises a large region of the Interior of British Columbia, and lies between the Cariboo and Monashee Mountains on the east, and the Hazelton Mountains, Coast Mountains and Cascade Range on the west.
Jackson is a town in the Jackson Hole valley of Teton County, Wyoming, United States.
Jacques Legardeur de Saint-Pierre (October 24, 1701 – September 8, 1755) was a Canadian colonial military commander and explorer who held posts throughout North America in the 18th century.
James Sinclair (1811–1856) was a trader and explorer with the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC).
Jasper National Park is the largest national park in the Canadian Rockies, spanning.
Jedediah Strong Smith (January 6, 1799 – May 27, 1831), was a clerk, frontiersman, hunter, trapper, author, cartographer, and explorer of the Rocky Mountains, the North American West, and the Southwest during the early 19th century.
James Felix Bridger (March 17, 1804 – July 17, 1881) was an American mountain man, trapper, Army scout and wilderness guide who explored and trapped the Western United States in the first half of the 19th century.
John Colter (c.1770-1775 – May 7, 1812 or November 22, 1813) was a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806).
Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae.
Kicking Horse Pass (el. 1627 m, 5339 ft) is a high mountain pass across the Continental Divide of the Americas of the Canadian Rockies on the Alberta/British Columbia border, and lying within Yoho and Banff National Parks.
Kicking Horse Mountain Resort (KHMR) is a ski resort located 14 km outside of Golden, British Columbia, Canada.
Christopher Houston Carson (December 24, 1809 – May 23, 1868), better known as Kit Carson, was an American frontiersman.
Kootenay National Park is a national park located in southeastern British Columbia, Canada, and is one component of the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks World Heritage Site.
The Kootenay (Kootenai in the U.S. and historically called the Flatbow) is a major river in southeastern British Columbia, Canada, and northern Montana and Idaho in the United States.
Krummholz or krumholtz (German: krumm, "crooked, bent, twisted" and Holz, "wood") — also called knieholz ("knee timber") — is a type of stunted, deformed vegetation encountered in subarctic and subalpine tree line landscapes, shaped by continual exposure to fierce, freezing winds.
The Ktunaxa Nation or Ktunaxa Nation Council is a First Nations tribal council government comprising four Ktunaxa (Kutenai) bands in the Canadian province of British Columbia.
Kwadacha Wilderness Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada.
Lake of the Woods (lac des Bois) is a lake occupying parts of the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba and the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The Lakota (pronounced, Lakota language: Lakȟóta) are a Native American tribe.
The Laramide orogeny was a period of mountain building in western North America, which started in the Late Cretaceous, 70 to 80 million years ago, and ended 35 to 55 million years ago.
The last glacial period occurred from the end of the Eemian interglacial to the end of the Younger Dryas, encompassing the period years ago.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Leadville is the statutory city that is the county seat and only incorporated municipality in Lake County, Colorado, United States.
The Lewis and Clark Expedition from May 1804 to September 1806, also known as the Corps of Discovery Expedition, was the first American expedition to cross the western portion of the United States.
The Liard River flows through Yukon, British Columbia and the Northwest Territories, Canada.
The life zone concept was developed by C. Hart Merriam in 1889 as a means of describing areas with similar plant and animal communities.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaksThis article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence.
The following is a list of all provincial parks and protected areas within British Columbia.
This is a partial list of rivers of the Rocky Mountains in Canada and the United States.
The Little Rocky Mountains, also known as the Little Rockies, are a group of buttes, roughly 765 km2 in area, located towards the southern end of the Fort Belknap Agency in Blaine County and Phillips County in north-central Montana.
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
Local extinction or extirpation is the condition of a species (or other taxon) that ceases to exist in the chosen geographic area of study, though it still exists elsewhere.
A lynx (plural lynx or lynxes) is any of the four species (Canada lynx, Iberian lynx, Eurasian lynx, Bobcat) within the medium-sized wild cat genus Lynx.
The Mackenzie Mountains are a mountain range forming part of the Yukon-Northwest Territories boundary between the Liard and Peel rivers.
The Mackenzie River (Slavey language: Deh-Cho, big river or Inuvialuktun: Kuukpak, great river; fleuve (de) Mackenzie) is the longest river system in Canada, and has the second largest drainage basin of any North American river after the Mississippi River.
A mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair.
The McGregor Plateau is a sub-plateau of the Fraser Plateau, the northernmost major subdivision of the Interior Plateau spanning the inland regions of the Pacific Northwest.
McLeod Lake is an unincorporated community located on Highway 97 in northern British Columbia, Canada, north of Prince George.
Medicine Bow – Routt National Forest is the official title to a U.S. Forest Service managed area extending over in the states of Wyoming and Colorado, United States.
The Mesozoic Era is an interval of geological time from about.
Metamorphic rocks arise from the transformation of existing rock types, in a process called metamorphism, which means "change in form".
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
The Mississippian (also known as Lower Carboniferous or Early Carboniferous) is a subperiod in the geologic timescale or a subsystem of the geologic record.
Molybdenum is a chemical element with symbol Mo and atomic number 42.
Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States.
The moose (North America) or elk (Eurasia), Alces alces, is the largest extant species in the deer family.
Moraine Lake is a glacially fed lake in Banff National Park, outside the Village of Lake Louise, Alberta, Canada.
Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity, initiated by Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s.
Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.
Mount Assiniboine Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada, located around Mount Assiniboine.
Mount Elbert is the highest summit of the Rocky Mountains of North America and the highest point in the U.S. state of Colorado and the entire Mississippi River drainage basin.
Mount Revelstoke National Park is located adjacent to the city of Revelstoke, British Columbia, Canada.
Mount Robson is the most prominent mountain in North America's Rocky Mountain range; it is also the highest point in the Canadian Rockies.
Mount Robson Provincial Park is a vast provincial park in the Canadian Rockies with an area of 2,249 km².
Mountain biking is the sport of riding bicycles off-road, often over rough terrain, using specially designed mountain bikes.
The mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus), also known as the Rocky Mountain goat, is a large hoofed mammal endemic to North America.
A mountain man is an explorer who lives in the wilderness.
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.
Mountaineering is the sport of mountain climbing.
The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer indigenous to western North America; it is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule.
Muncho Lake Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada, located on the Alaska Highway as it transits the northernmost Canadian Rockies west of Fort Nelson.
The Muskwa Ranges are a group of mountain ranges in northern British Columbia, Canada.
National Parks of Canada are protected natural spaces throughout the country that represent distinct geographical regions of the nation.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
The Neogene (informally Upper Tertiary or Late Tertiary) is a geologic period and system that spans 20.45 million years from the end of the Paleogene Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the present Quaternary Period Mya.
New Caledonia was a fur-trading district of the Hudson's Bay Company that comprised the territory of the north-central portions of present-day British Columbia, Canada.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
The North American Cordillera is the North American portion of the American Cordillera which is a mountain chain (cordillera) along the western side of the Americas.
The North American Plate is a tectonic plate covering most of North America, Greenland, Cuba, the Bahamas, extreme northeastern Asia, and parts of Iceland and the Azores.
The North West Company was a fur trading business headquartered in Montreal from 1779 to 1821.
The Northern Rocky Mountains, usually referred to as the Northern Rockies, are a subdivision of the Canadian Rockies comprising the northern half of the Canadian segment of the Rocky Mountains.
Northern Rocky Mountains Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada.
An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.
Oil shale is an organic-rich fine-grained sedimentary rock containing kerogen (a solid mixture of organic chemical compounds) from which liquid hydrocarbons, called shale oil (not to be confused with tight oil—crude oil occurring naturally in shales), can be produced.
The Omineca Mountains, also known as "the Ominecas", are a group of remote mountain ranges in north-central British Columbia, Canada.
The Oregon boundary dispute or the Oregon Question was a controversy over the political division of the Pacific Northwest of North America between several nations that had competing territorial and commercial aspirations over the region.
The Oregon Trail is a historic East–West, large-wheeled wagon route and emigrant trail in the United States that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon.
The Oregon Treaty is a treaty between the United Kingdom and the United States that was signed on June 15, 1846, in Washington, D.C. Signed under the presidency of James K. Polk, the treaty brought an end to the Oregon boundary dispute by settling competing American and British claims to the Oregon Country; the area had been jointly occupied by both Britain and the U.S. since the Treaty of 1818.
The Pacific Coast Ranges (officially gazetted as the Pacific Mountain System in the United States but referred to as the Pacific Coast Ranges), are the series of mountain ranges that stretch along the West Coast of North America from Alaska south to Northern and Central Mexico.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
The Paleogene (also spelled Palaeogene or Palæogene; informally Lower Tertiary or Early Tertiary) is a geologic period and system that spans 43 million years from the end of the Cretaceous Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Neogene Period Mya.
The Paleozoic (or Palaeozoic) Era (from the Greek palaios (παλαιός), "old" and zoe (ζωή), "life", meaning "ancient life") is the earliest of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic Eon.
Panorama Mountain Resort is a ski and golf resort in Canada, located in the Purcell Mountains of southeastern British Columbia.
The Parliament of Canada (Parlement du Canada) is the federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the national capital.
Pasture (from the Latin pastus, past participle of pascere, "to feed") is land used for grazing.
The Peace River (French: rivière de la Paix) is a -long river in Canada that originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows to the northeast through northern Alberta.
The Pend d’Oreilles, also known as the Kalispel, are Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau.
The Pennsylvanian (also known as Upper Carboniferous or Late Carboniferous) is, in the ICS geologic timescale, the younger of two subperiods (or upper of two subsystems) of the Carboniferous Period.
The peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), also known as the peregrine, and historically as the duck hawk in North America, is a widespread bird of prey (raptor) in the family Falconidae.
The Permian is a geologic period and system which spans 47 million years from the end of the Carboniferous Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Triassic period 251.902 Mya.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.
Pinus albicaulis, known by the common names whitebark pine, white pine, pitch pine, scrub pine, and creeping pine, is a conifer tree native to the mountains of the western United States and Canada, specifically subalpine areas of the Sierra Nevada, Cascade Range, Pacific Coast Ranges, and Rocky Mountains from Wyoming northwards.
Pinus contorta, with the common names lodgepole pine and shore pine, and also known as twisted pine, and contorta pine, is a common tree in western North America.
Pinus ponderosa, commonly known as the ponderosa pine, bull pine, blackjack pine, or western yellow-pine, is a very large pine tree species of variable habitat native to the western United States and Canada.
The pinyon or piñon pine group grows in the southwestern United States, especially in New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah.
The Platte River is a major river in the state of Nebraska and is about long.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
Populus tremuloides is a deciduous tree native to cooler areas of North America, one of several species referred to by the common name aspen.
The Powder River Basin is a geologic structural basin in southeast Montana and northeast Wyoming, about east to west and north to south, known for its coal deposits.
The Precambrian (or Pre-Cambrian, sometimes abbreviated pЄ, or Cryptozoic) is the earliest part of Earth's history, set before the current Phanerozoic Eon.
Prince George, with a population of 74,003 (census agglomeration of 86,622),Statistics Canada 2016 Census is the largest city in northern British Columbia, Canada, and is the "Northern Capital" of BC.
The pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is a species of artiodactyl mammal indigenous to interior western and central North America.
The Proterozoic is a geological eon representing the time just before the proliferation of complex life on Earth.
The Quaternary glaciation, also known as the Quaternary Ice Age or Pleistocene glaciation, is a series of glacial events separated by interglacial events during the Quaternary period from 2.58 Ma (million years ago) to present.
Radium Hot Springs, informally and commonly called Radium, is a village of 776 residents situated in the East Kootenay region of British Columbia.
Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.
The Red River Colony (or Selkirk Settlement) was a colonization project set up in 1811 by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk on of land.
The Rio Grande (or; Río Bravo del Norte, or simply Río Bravo) is one of the principal rivers in the southwest United States and northern Mexico (the other being the Colorado River).
The Rocky Mountain Foothills are an upland area flanking the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains, extending south from the Liard River into Alberta.
The Rocky Mountain Front is a somewhat unified geologic and ecosystem area in North America where the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains meet the plains.
Rocky Mountain House is a town in west-central Alberta, Canada located approximately west of the City of Red Deer at the confluence of the Clearwater and North Saskatchewan Rivers, and at the crossroads of Highway 22 (Cowboy Trail) and Highway 11 (David Thompson Highway).
Rocky Mountain National Park is a United States national park located approximately northwest of Denver International Airport in north-central Colorado, within the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains.
The Rocky Mountain Trench, also known as The Valley of a Thousand Peaks or simply the Trench, is a large valley in the northern part of the Rocky Mountains.
The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America.
The Rocky Mountains subalpine zone is the biotic zone immediately below tree line in the Rocky Mountains of North America.
Rogers Pass (elevation) is a high mountain pass through the Selkirk Mountains of British Columbia used by the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Trans-Canada Highway.
The Salish Mountains are located in the northwest corner of the U.S. State of Montana.
Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah.
The San Juan Basin is a geologic structural basin located near the Four Corners region of the Southwestern United States.
The San Juan Mountains are a high and rugged mountain range in the Rocky Mountains in southwestern Colorado and northwestern New Mexico.
The Sangre de Cristo Mountains (Spanish for "Blood of Christ") are the southernmost subrange of the Rocky Mountains.
The Sawtooth National Recreation Area (SNRA) is a National Recreation Area located in central Idaho, United States that is managed as part of Sawtooth National Forest.
Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.
Sedimentary basins are regions of Earth of long-term subsidence creating accommodation space for infilling by sediments.
Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.
Sekani are a First Nations people of the Athabaskan-speaking ethnolinguistic group in the Northern Interior of British Columbia.
The Selwyn Mountains are a mountain range in northern Canada, forming part of the border between the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, and which are part of the Eastern System of the Canadian Cordillera (aka the Western Cordillera).
The Shoshone or Shoshoni are a Native American tribe with four large cultural/linguistic divisions.
The Sierra Madre Occidental is a major mountain range system of the North American Cordillera, that runs northwest–southeast through Northwestern and Western Mexico, and along the Gulf of California.
The Sierra Nevada (snowy saw range) is a mountain range in the Western United States, between the Central Valley of California and the Great Basin.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Skiing can be a means of transport, a recreational activity or a competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.
Snowboarding is a recreational activity and Olympic and Paralympic sport that involves descending a snow-covered slope while standing on a snowboard attached to a rider's feet.
South Pass (elevation and) is the collective term for two mountain passes on the Continental Divide, in the Rocky Mountains in southwestern Wyoming.
The Southern Rocky Mountains are a major subregion of the Rocky Mountains of North America located in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Wyoming, the central and western portions of Colorado, the northern portion of New Mexico, and extreme eastern portions of Utah.
The Southwestern United States (Suroeste de Estados Unidos; also known as the American Southwest) is the informal name for a region of the western United States.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Sparwood is a district municipality in the Canadian province of British Columbia.
A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.
The Stikine Ranges are a group of mountain ranges and mountainous plateaus in northwestern British Columbia, Canada.
The Stone Mountain Provincial Park is an area of 256.91 square kilometres of mountain wilderness in the Canadian province of British Columbia.
Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.
A terrane in geology, in full a tectonostratigraphic terrane, is a fragment of crustal material formed on, or broken off from, one tectonic plate and accreted or "sutured" to crust lying on another plate.
The Teton Range is a mountain range of the Rocky Mountains in North America.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
South Pass, or the Continental Divide Thomas Fitzpatrick (1799-7 February 1854), known as "Broken Hand" (reportedly because his left hand had been mangled in a firearms accident), was a famous "mountain man", "friend of the Indians", trailblazer and trapper with the Rocky Mountain Fur Company.
A thrust fault is a break in the Earth's crust, across which older rocks are pushed above younger rocks.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
A transcontinental railroad is a contiguous network of railroad trackage that crosses a continental land mass with terminals at different oceans or continental borders.
Transhumance is a type of nomadism or pastoralism, a seasonal movement of people with their livestock between fixed summer and winter pastures.
The Convention respecting fisheries, boundary and the restoration of slaves between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, also known as the London Convention, Anglo-American Convention of 1818, Convention of 1818, or simply the Treaty of 1818, was an international treaty signed in 1818 between the above parties.
Trinidad is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Las Animas County, Colorado, United States.
Triple Divide Peak is located in the Lewis Range, part of the Rocky Mountains in North America.
Trout is the common name for a number of species of freshwater fish belonging to the genera Oncorhynchus, Salmo and Salvelinus, all of the subfamily Salmoninae of the family Salmonidae.
The trumpeter swan (Cygnus buccinator) is a species of swan found in North America.
Tsuga heterophylla, the western hemlock or western hemlock-spruce, is a species of hemlock native to the west coast of North America, with its northwestern limit on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, and its southeastern limit in northern Sonoma County, California.
Tumbler Ridge is a district municipality in the foothills of the Canadian Rockies in northeastern British Columbia, Canada, and a member municipality of the Peace River Regional District.
Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.
During the American Civil War, the Union Army referred to the United States Army, the land force that fought to preserve the Union of the collective states.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
This list of physiographic regions of the contiguous United States identifies the 8 regions, 25 provinces, and 85 sections.
Utah is a state in the western United States.
Ute people are Native Americans of the Ute tribe and culture and are among the Great Basin classification of Indigenous People.
Valley of the Ten Peaks (Vallée des Dix Pics) is a valley in Banff National Park in Alberta, Canada, which is crowned by ten notable peaks and also includes Moraine Lake.
A wagon train is a group of wagons traveling together.
The Wasatch Range is a mountain range that stretches approximately from the Utah-Idaho border, south through central Utah in the western United States.
Waterton Lakes National Park is a national park located in the southwest corner of Alberta, Canada, and borders Glacier National Park in Montana, United States.
The Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park is the union of the Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada and the Glacier National Park in the United States.
The western toad (Anaxyrus boreas, formerly Bufo boreas) is a large toad species, between long, native to western North America.
White sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) is a species of sturgeon in the family Acipenseridae of the order Acipenseriformes.
The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia.
The white-tailed ptarmigan (Lagopus leucura), also known as the snow quail, is the smallest bird in the grouse family.
William Henry Ashley (c. 1778 – March 26, 1838) was an American miner, land speculator, manufacturer, territorial militia officer, politician, frontiersman, trapper, fur trader, entrepreneur, and hunter.
The Wind River Range (or "Winds" for short), is a mountain range of the Rocky Mountains in western Wyoming in the United States.
The wolverine (also spelled wolverene), Gulo gulo (Gulo is Latin for "glutton"), also referred to as the glutton, carcajou, skunk bear, or quickhatch, is the largest land-dwelling species of the family Mustelidae.
Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States.
The Wyoming Basin physiographic province is a geographic area through which the Continental Divide of the Americas traverses.
Yellowstone National Park is an American national park located in Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho.
Yoho National Park is located in the Canadian Rocky Mountains along the western slope of the Continental Divide of the Americas in southeastern British Columbia.
Yukon (also commonly called the Yukon) is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three federal territories (the other two are the Northwest Territories and Nunavut).
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
The 49th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 49° north of Earth's equator.
Central Rocky Mountains, Geography of the Rocky Mountains, History of the Rocky Mountains, Rockies, Rocky Mountain, Rocky Mountain Region, Rocky Mountain System, Rocky mountain, Rocky mountains, RockyMountains, The Rockies, The Rockys, Western Rocky Mountains.