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Roland Barthes

Index Roland Barthes

Roland Gérard Barthes (12 November 1915 – 26 March 1980) was a French literary theorist, philosopher, linguist, critic, and semiotician. [1]

130 relations: A Lover's Discourse: Fragments, Alejandro González Iñárritu, Anthropology, Avant-garde, Éditions du Seuil, Bachelor of Arts, Bayonne, Benoît Peeters, Birdman (film), Bourgeoisie, Camera Lucida (book), Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Candide, Catharsis, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Cherbourg-Octeville, Collège de France, Connotation (semiotics), Critic, Criticism and Truth, Cultural Revolution, D. A. Miller, Deconstruction, Design theory, Doxa, Effect of reality, Egypt, Elegy (film), Elements of Semiology, Eric de Kuyper, Existentialism, Ferdinand de Saussure, François Wahl, France, Friedrich Nietzsche, Gérard Genette, Georges Bataille, Greek tragedy, Hedonism, Honoré de Balzac, Hubert Aquin, Incidents, Jacques Derrida, Jacques Lacan, James Wood (critic), Japan, Jean-François Lyotard, Jean-Louis de Rambures, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jeffrey Eugenides, ..., Johns Hopkins University, Jonathan Culler, Jouissance, Jules Michelet, Julia Kristeva, Karl Marx, Laurent Binet, Lexicology, Linguistics, Literary criticism, Literary theory, Marie Gil, Marxism, Master of Arts, Meaning (semiotics), Michael Lehmann, Michel Foucault, Middlebury College, Mythologies (book), Narrative, Narratology, New Criticism, New wave music, Normandy, North Sea, Oxford University Press, Paradox, Paris, Paul de Man, Paul Valéry, Penélope Cruz, Philip Roth, Philippe Sollers, Philippe-Joseph Salazar, Philology, Philosopher, Photography, Pierre Ryckmans (writer), Popular culture, Post-structuralism, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Raymond Picard, Richard Howard, Romania, S/Z, Sanatorium, Sarrasine, Semiotics, Sigmund Freud, Sign (semiotics), Social theory, Sociology, Status quo, Structuralism, Surrealism, Susan Sontag, Tel Quel, Textualism, The Death of the Author, The Dying Animal, The Eiffel Tower and Other Mythologies, The Lover Speaks, The Marriage Plot, The Nation, The Pleasure of the Text, The Truth About Cats & Dogs, Tokyo, Tuberculosis, United States, University of Geneva, University of Paris, Voltaire, Western philosophy, What Is Literature?, World War I, World War II, Writer Sollers, Writing Degree Zero, Yale University Press, 20th-century philosophy. Expand index (80 more) »

A Lover's Discourse: Fragments

A Lover's Discourse: Fragments (Fragments d’un discours amoureux) is a 1977 book by Roland Barthes.

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Alejandro González Iñárritu

Alejandro González Iñárritu (credited since 2014 as Alejandro G. Iñárritu; born August 15, 1963) is a Mexican film director, producer, and screenwriter.

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Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.

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The avant-garde (from French, "advance guard" or "vanguard", literally "fore-guard") are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox with respect to art, culture, or society.

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Éditions du Seuil

Éditions du Seuil is a French publishing house created in 1935, currently owned by La Martinière Groupe.

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Bachelor of Arts

A Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB, from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus) is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both.

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Bayonne (Gascon: Baiona; Baiona; Bayona) is a city and commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

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Benoît Peeters

Benoît Peeters (born 1956) is a French comics writer, novelist, and comics studies scholar.

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Birdman (film)

Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance), commonly known simply as Birdman, is a 2014 American black comedy film directed by Alejandro G. Iñárritu.

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The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.

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Camera Lucida (book)

Camera Lucida (La chambre claire) is a short book published in 1980 by the French literary theorist and philosopher Roland Barthes.

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Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada), branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television.

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Candide, ou l'Optimisme, is a French satire first published in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment.

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Catharsis (from Greek κάθαρσις meaning "purification" or "cleansing") is the purification and purgation of emotions—particularly pity and fear—through art or any extreme change in emotion that results in renewal and restoration.

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Centre national de la recherche scientifique

The French National Center for Scientific Research (Centre national de la recherche scientifique, CNRS) is the largest governmental research organisation in France and the largest fundamental science agency in Europe.

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Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and former commune situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula in the northwestern French department of Manche.

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Collège de France

The Collège de France, founded in 1530, is a higher education and research establishment (grand établissement) in France and an affiliate college of PSL University.

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Connotation (semiotics)

In semiotics, connotation arises when the denotative relationship between a signifier and its signified is inadequate to serve the needs of the community.

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A critic is a professional who communicates an assessment and an opinion of various forms of creative works such as art, literature, music, cinema, theater, fashion, architecture, and food.

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Criticism and Truth

Criticism and Truth (Critique et vérité) is a 1966 work by Roland Barthes, first translated into English in 1987.

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Cultural Revolution

The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.

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D. A. Miller


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Deconstruction is a critique of the relationship between text and meaning originated by the philosopher Jacques Derrida.

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Design theory

Design theory refers to understanding the methods, strategies, research and analysis of the practice of design.

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Doxa (ancient Greek δόξα; from verb δοκεῖν dokein, "to appear", "to seem", "to think" and "to accept") is a Greek word meaning common belief or popular opinion.

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Effect of reality

The effect of reality (effet de réel) is a textual device identified by Roland Barthes the purpose of which was to establish literary texts as realistic.

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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Elegy (film)

Elegy is a 2008 drama film directed by Isabel Coixet.

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Elements of Semiology

Elements of Semiology (Éléments de sémiologie) is a compendium-like text by French semiotician Roland Barthes, originally published under the title of "Éléments de Sémiologie" in the French review Communications (No. 4, 1964, pp. 91–135).

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Eric de Kuyper

Eric de Kuyper (born 1942) is a Flemish-Belgian and Dutch writer, semiologist, art critic, and experimental film director.

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Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.

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Ferdinand de Saussure

Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist and semiotician.

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François Wahl

François Wahl (born 13 May 1925 - 15 September 2014) was a French editor and structuralist.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.

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Gérard Genette

Gérard Genette (7 June 1930 – 11 May 2018) was a French literary theorist, associated in particular with the structuralist movement and such figures as Roland Barthes and Claude Lévi-Strauss, from whom he adapted the concept of bricolage.

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Georges Bataille

Georges Albert Maurice Victor Bataille (10 September 1897 – 9 July 1962) was a French intellectual and literary figure working in literature, philosophy, anthropology, economics, sociology and history of art.

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Greek tragedy

Greek tragedy is a form of theatre from Ancient Greece and Asia Minor.

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Hedonism is a school of thought that argues that the pursuit of pleasure and intrinsic goods are the primary or most important goals of human life.

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Honoré de Balzac

Honoré de Balzac (born Honoré Balzac, 20 May 1799 – 18 August 1850) was a French novelist and playwright.

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Hubert Aquin

Hubert Aquin (24 October 1929 – 15 March 1977) was a Quebec novelist, political activist, essayist, filmmaker and editor.

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Incidents (Incidents) is a 1987 collection of four essays by Roland Barthes.

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Jacques Derrida

Jacques Derrida (born Jackie Élie Derrida;. See also. July 15, 1930 – October 9, 2004) was a French Algerian-born philosopher best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction, which he discussed in numerous texts, and developed in the context of phenomenology.

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Jacques Lacan

Jacques Marie Émile Lacan (13 April 1901 – 9 September 1981) was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud".

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James Wood (critic)

James Douglas Graham Wood (born 1 November 1965 in Durham, England)"WOOD, James Douglas Graham", Who's Who 2012, A & C Black, 2012; online edn, Oxford University Press, December 2011; online edn, November 2011, is an English literary critic, essayist and novelist.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Jean-François Lyotard

Jean-François Lyotard (10 August 1924 – 21 April 1998) was a French philosopher, sociologist, and literary theorist.

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Jean-Louis de Rambures

Jean-Louis Vicomte de Bretizel Rambures (19 May 1930 – 20 May 2006) was a French journalist, author, translator of literature, literary critic, and cultural attaché.

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Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.

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Jeffrey Eugenides

Jeffrey Kent Eugenides (born March 8, 1960) is an American novelist and short story writer.

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Johns Hopkins University

Johns Hopkins University is an American private research university in Baltimore, Maryland.

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Jonathan Culler

Jonathan Culler (born 1944) is a Professor of English at Cornell University; his published works are in the fields of structuralism, literary theory and criticism.

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In French, jouissance means enjoyment, in terms both of rights and property, and of sexual orgasm—the latter has a meaning partially lacking in the English word "enjoyment".

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Jules Michelet

Jules Michelet (21 August 1798 – 9 February 1874) was a French historian.

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Julia Kristeva

Julia Kristeva (Юлия Кръстева; born 24 June 1941) is a Bulgarian-French philosopher, literary critic, psychoanalyst, feminist, and, most recently, novelist, who has lived in France since the mid-1960s.

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Karl Marx

Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.

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Laurent Binet

Laurent Binet (born 19 July 1972) is a French writer and university lecturer.

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Lexicology is the part of linguistics that studies words.

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Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.

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Literary criticism

Literary criticism (or literary studies) is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature.

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Literary theory

Literary theory in a strict sense is the systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for analyzing literature.

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Marie Gil

Marie Gil is a French writer and Professor of French Literature in Paris.

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Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

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Master of Arts

A Master of Arts (Magister Artium; abbreviated MA; also Artium Magister, abbreviated AM) is a person who was admitted to a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named Master of Arts in colloquial speech.

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Meaning (semiotics)

In semiotics, the meaning of a sign is its place in a sign relation, in other words, the set of roles that it occupies within a given sign relation.

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Michael Lehmann

Michael Stephen Lehmann (born March 30, 1957) is an American film and television director.

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Michel Foucault

Paul-Michel Foucault (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.

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Middlebury College

Middlebury College is a private liberal arts college located in Middlebury, Vermont, United States.

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Mythologies (book)

Mythologies is a 1957 book by Roland Barthes.

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A narrative or story is a report of connected events, real or imaginary, presented in a sequence of written or spoken words, or still or moving images, or both.

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Narratology is the study of narrative and narrative structure and the ways that these affect our perception.

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New Criticism

New Criticism was a formalist movement in literary theory that dominated American literary criticism in the middle decades of the 20th century.

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New wave music

New wave is a genre of rock music popular in the late 1970s and the 1980s with ties to mid-1970s punk rock.

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Normandy (Normandie,, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is one of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.

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North Sea

The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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A paradox is a statement that, despite apparently sound reasoning from true premises, leads to an apparently self-contradictory or logically unacceptable conclusion.

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Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Paul de Man

Paul de Man (December 6, 1919 – December 21, 1983), born Paul Adolph Michel Deman, was a Belgian-born literary critic and literary theorist.

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Paul Valéry

Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry (30 October 1871 – 20 July 1945) was a French poet, essayist, and philosopher.

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Penélope Cruz

Penélope Cruz Sánchez (born 28 April 1974) is a Spanish actress and model.

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Philip Roth

Philip Milton Roth (March 19, 1933 – May 22, 2018) was an American novelist and short-story writer.

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Philippe Sollers

Philippe Sollers (born Philippe Joyaux 28 November 1936, Bordeaux, France) is a French writer and critic.

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Philippe-Joseph Salazar

Philippe-Joseph Salazar, a French rhetorician and philosopher, was born on February 10, 1955 in Casablanca, then part of French Morocco.

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Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics.

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A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.

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Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.

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Pierre Ryckmans (writer)

Pierre Ryckmans (28 September 1935 – 11 August 2014), who also used the pen-name Simon Leys, was a Roman Catholic Belgian-Australian writer, essayist and literary critic, translator, art historian, sinologist, and university professor.

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Popular culture

Popular culture (also called pop culture) is generally recognized as a set of the practices, beliefs, and objects that are dominant or ubiquitous in a society at a given point in time.

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Post-structuralism is associated with the works of a series of mid-20th-century French, continental philosophers and critical theorists who came to be known internationally in the 1960s and 1970s.

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Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.

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Raymond Picard

Raymond Picard (6 August 1917 – 5 September 1975) was a French author, prominent Sorbonne professor and Jean Racine scholar.

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Richard Howard

Richard Joseph Howard (born October 13, 1929; adopted as Richard Joseph Orwitz) is an American poet, literary critic, essayist, teacher, and translator.

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Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.

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S/Z, published in 1970, is Roland Barthes's structural analysis of "Sarrasine", the short story by Honoré de Balzac.

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A sanatorium (also spelled sanitorium and sanitarium) is a medical facility for long-term illness, most typically associated with treatment of tuberculosis (TB) in the late-nineteenth and twentieth century before the discovery of antibiotics.

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Sarrasine is a novella written by Honoré de Balzac.

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Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.

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Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

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Sign (semiotics)

In semiotics, a sign is anything that communicates a meaning that is not the sign itself to the interpreter of the sign.

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Social theory

Social theories are analytical frameworks, or paradigms, that are used to study and interpret social phenomena.

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Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.

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Status quo

Status quo is a Latin phrase meaning the existing state of affairs, particularly with regard to social or political issues.

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In sociology, anthropology, and linguistics, structuralism is the methodology that implies elements of human culture must be understood by way of their relationship to a larger, overarching system or structure.

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Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.

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Susan Sontag

Susan Sontag (January 16, 1933 – December 28, 2004) was an American writer, filmmaker, philosopher, teacher, and political activist.

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Tel Quel

Tel Quel (translated into English as, variously: "as is," "as such," or "unchanged") was a French avant-garde literary magazine published between 1960 and 1982.

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Textualism is a formalist theory in which the interpretation of the law is primarily based on the ordinary meaning of the legal text, where no consideration is given to non-textual sources, such as: intention of the law when passed, the problem it was intended to remedy, or significant questions regarding the justice or rectitude of the law.

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The Death of the Author

"The Death of the Author" (French: La mort de l'auteur) is a 1967 essay by the French literary critic and theorist Roland Barthes (1915–80).

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The Dying Animal

The Dying Animal (2001) is a short novel by the US writer Philip Roth.

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The Eiffel Tower and Other Mythologies

The Eiffel Tower and Other Mythologies is a collection of essays by the French literary theorist Roland Barthes.

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The Lover Speaks

The Lover Speaks was a new wave duo consisting of David Freeman (vocals) and Joseph Hughes (arranger, composer).

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The Marriage Plot

The Marriage Plot is a 2011 novel by American writer Jeffrey Eugenides.

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The Nation

The Nation is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, and the most widely read weekly journal of progressive political and cultural news, opinion, and analysis.

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The Pleasure of the Text

The Pleasure of the Text (Le Plaisir du Texte) is a 1973 book by Roland Barthes.

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The Truth About Cats & Dogs

The Truth About Cats & Dogs is a 1996 American romantic comedy film directed by Michael Lehmann, starring Janeane Garofalo, Uma Thurman, Ben Chaplin and Jamie Foxx, and written by Audrey Wells.

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, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.

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Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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University of Geneva

The University of Geneva (French: Université de Genève) is a public research university located in Geneva, Switzerland.

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University of Paris

The University of Paris (Université de Paris), metonymically known as the Sorbonne (one of its buildings), was a university in Paris, France, from around 1150 to 1793, and from 1806 to 1970.

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François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on Christianity as a whole, especially the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state.

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Western philosophy

Western philosophy is the philosophical thought and work of the Western world.

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What Is Literature?

What Is Literature? (Qu'est-ce que la littérature?), also published as Literature and Existentialism) is an essay by French philosopher and novelist Jean-Paul Sartre, published by Gallimard in 1948. Initially published in freestanding essays across French literary journals Les Temps modernes, Situations I and Situations II, essays "What is Writing?" and "Why Write?" were translated into English and published by the Paris-based literary journal Transition 1948. The English translation by Bernard Frechtman was published in 1950.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Writer Sollers

Writer Sollers (French: Sollers écrivain) is a short book published in 1979 by the French literary critic Roland Barthes.

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Writing Degree Zero

Writing Degree Zero (Le degré zéro de l'écriture) is a book of literary criticism by Roland Barthes.

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Yale University Press

Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.

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20th-century philosophy

20th-century philosophy saw the development of a number of new philosophical schools—including logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, and poststructuralism.

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Barthes, Barthes, Roland, Barthesian, Empire of Signs, Readerly and Writerly, Roland Gerard Barthes, Roland Gérard Barthes, The Fashion System, The Fashion System (book).


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roland_Barthes

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