183 relations: Ab urbe condita, Ablative (Latin), Accusative case, Aedile, Africa (Roman province), Alexandria, Ancient Greek, Ancient Greek astronomy, Ancient Greek calendars, Ancient Rome, Anno Mundi, Aphrodite, April, Aprilis, Assassination of Julius Caesar, Attic calendar, August, Augustus, Babylonian astronomy, Battle of Actium, Battle of Pharsalus, Byzantine calendar, Byzantine Empire, Caesar's Civil War, Calendar, Calendar era, Calends, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Celtiberian Wars, Censorinus, Cicero, Constantine the Great, Coptic calendar, Counting, Culture hero, December, December (Roman month), Decemviri, Diocletian, Dominical letter, Easter, Egypt (Roman province), Egyptian calendar, Era of the Martyrs, Etruscan civilization, Fasti, Februarius, February, February 24, February 29, ..., Feralia, Filibuster, First Punic War, Full moon, Gaius Julius Solinus, General Roman Calendar, Gnaeus Flavius (jurist), Greek Orthodox Church, Gregorian calendar, Harvest, Hispania, History of the Jews in the Roman Empire, Ianuarius, Ides of March, Indiction, Intercalation (timekeeping), Islamic calendar, ISO 8601, Ithaca, New York, Iunius (month), January, January 1, Janus, Jörg Rüpke, Julian calendar, Julius Caesar, July, June, Juno (mythology), Jupiter, Justinian I, King of Rome, Late Latin, Legislative assemblies of the Roman Republic, Lex Acilia de Intercalando, Licinius Macer, List of bad luck signs, List of Roman consuls, List of Roman emperors, Livy, Lord's Day, Lunar calendar, Lunar month, Lunar phase, Lupercalia, Macrobius, Maia, Maius, March, March 15, March equinox, Marcus Fulvius Nobilior (consul 189 BC), Marcus Terentius Varro, Mark Antony, Mars (mythology), Martius (month), May, May 1, Mercedonius, Metonic cycle, Natural History (Pliny), New moon, New Year's Day, Noon, November, November (Roman month), Numa Pompilius, Nundinae, October, October (Roman month), Old Latin, Olympiad, Ordinal number, Overthrow of the Roman monarchy, Ovid, Parallel Lives, Parity (mathematics), Patrician (ancient Rome), Patronage in ancient Rome, Planetary hours, Plebs, Pliny the Elder, Plutarch, Pompey, Pontifex maximus, Prehistoric Iberia, Publius Licinius Crassus Dives (consul 205 BC), Pythagoreanism, Quintilis, Quintus Fulvius Nobilior, Quirinus, Referendum, Regifugium, Regnal year, Religion in ancient Rome, Rex Sacrorum, Roman calendar, Roman consul, Roman dictator, Roman emperor, Roman Empire, Roman festivals, Roman Italy, Roman Kingdom, Roman magistrate, Roman mythology, Roman Republic, Romulus, Sabines, Saturday, Scipio Africanus, Season, Second Punic War, Segeda, September, September (Roman month), Servius Tullius, Sextilis, Shabbat, Sosigenes of Alexandria, Spain in the Middle Ages, Spanish era, Sulfur, Sunday, Temple Stanyan, Terminalia, Thomas Hewitt Key, Tribune of the Plebs, Tropical year, Undecimber, Week, William Warde Fowler, Workweek and weekend. Expand index (133 more) » « Shrink index
Ab urbe condita or Anno urbis conditae (abbreviated: A.U.C. or AUC) is a convention that was used in antiquity and by classical historians to refer to a given year in Ancient Rome.
In Latin grammar, the ablative case (in Latin, cāsus ablātīvus) is one of the six cases of nouns.
The accusative case (abbreviated) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb.
Aedile (aedīlis, from aedes, "temple edifice") was an office of the Roman Republic.
Africa Proconsularis was a Roman province on the north African coast that was established in 146 BC following the defeat of Carthage in the Third Punic War.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Greek astronomy is astronomy written in the Greek language in classical antiquity.
The various ancient Greek calendars began in most states of ancient Greece between Autumn and Winter except for the Attic calendar, which began in Summer.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Anno Mundi (Latin for "in the year of the world"; Hebrew:, "to the creation of the world"), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history.
Aphrodite is the ancient Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.
April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the fifth in the early Julian, the first of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the second of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.
Aprilis or mensis Aprilis (April) was the fourth month of the ancient Roman calendar, following Martius (March) and preceding Maius (May).
The assassination of Julius Caesar was the result of a conspiracy by many Roman senators led by Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus, and Marcus Junius Brutus.
The Attic calendar or Athenian calendar is the calendar that was in use in ancient Attica, the ancestral territory of the Athenian polis.
August is the eighth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and the fifth of seven months to have a length of 31 days.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
The history of astronomy in Mesopotamia, and the world, begins with the Sumerians who developed the earliest writing system—known as cuneiform—around 3500–3200 BC.
The Battle of Actium was the decisive confrontation of the Final War of the Roman Republic, a naval engagement between Octavian and the combined forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra on 2 September 31 BC, on the Ionian Sea near the promontory of Actium, in the Roman province of Epirus Vetus in Greece.
The Battle of Pharsalus was a decisive battle of Caesar's Civil War.
The Byzantine calendar, also called "Creation Era of Constantinople" or "Era of the World" (Ἔτη Γενέσεως Κόσμου κατὰ Ῥωμαίους, also Ἔτος Κτίσεως Κόσμου or Ἔτος Κόσμου, abbreviated as ε.Κ.), was the calendar used by the Eastern Orthodox Church from c. 691 to 1728 in the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
The Great Roman Civil War (49–45 BC), also known as Caesar's Civil War, was one of the last politico-military conflicts in the Roman Republic before the establishment of the Roman Empire.
A calendar is a system of organizing days for social, religious, commercial or administrative purposes.
A calendar era is the year numbering system used by a calendar.
The calends or kalends (kalendae) is the first day of every month in the Roman calendar.
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.
The First Celtiberian War (181–179 BC) and Second Celtiberian War (154–151 BC) were two of the three major rebellions by the Celtiberians (a loose alliance of Celtic tribes living in east central Hispania, among which we can name the Pellendones, the Arevaci, the Lusones, the Titti and the Belli) against the presence of the Romans in Hispania.
Censorinus was a Roman grammarian and miscellaneous writer from the 3rd century AD.
Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.
Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor of Illyrian and Greek origin from 306 to 337 AD.
The Coptic calendar, also called the Alexandrian calendar, is a liturgical calendar that was used by the Coptic Orthodox Church and is still used in Egypt.
Counting is the action of finding the number of elements of a finite set of objects.
A culture hero is a mythological hero specific to some group (cultural, ethnic, religious, etc.) who changes the world through invention or discovery.
December is the twelfth and final month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and is the seventh and last of seven months to have a length of 31 days.
December (from Latin decem, "ten") or mensis December was originally the tenth month of the Roman calendar, following November (novem, "nine") and preceding Ianuarius.
The decemviri or decemvirs (Latin for "ten men") were any of several 10-man commissions established by the Roman Republic.
Diocletian (Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus), born Diocles (22 December 244–3 December 311), was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305.
Dominical letters or Sunday letters are a method used to determine the day of the week for particular dates.
Easter,Traditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, also called Pascha (Greek, Latin) or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary 30 AD.
The Roman province of Egypt (Aigyptos) was established in 30 BC after Octavian (the future emperor Augustus) defeated his rival Mark Antony, deposed Queen Cleopatra VII, and annexed the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt to the Roman Empire.
The ancient Egyptian calendar was a solar calendar with a 365-day year.
The Era of the Martyrs (anno martyrum), also known as the Diocletian era (anno Diocletiani), is a method of numbering years used by the Church of Alexandria beginning in the 4th centuryAD and by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria from the 5th century to the present.
The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.
In ancient Rome, the fasti (Latin plural) were chronological or calendar-based lists, or other diachronic records or plans of official and religiously sanctioned events.
Februarius or February, fully the "February month" (mensis Februarius), was the shortest month of the Roman calendar.
February is the second and shortest month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendar with 28 days in common years and 29 days in leap years, with the quadrennial 29th day being called the leap day.
For superstitious reasons, when the Romans began to intercalate to bring their calendar into line with the solar year, they chose not to place their extra month of Mercedonius after February but within it.
February 29, also known as leap day or leap year day, is a date added to most years that are divisible by 4, such as 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, and 2024.
Ferālia was an ancient Roman public festivalDumézil, Georges.
A filibuster is a political procedure where one or more members of parliament or congress debate over a proposed piece of legislation so as to delay or entirely prevent a decision being made on the proposal.
The First Punic War (264 to 241 BC) was the first of three wars fought between Ancient Carthage and the Roman Republic, the two great powers of the Western Mediterranean.
The full moon is the lunar phase when the Moon appears fully illuminated from Earth's perspective.
Gaius Julius Solinus, Latin grammarian and compiler, probably flourished in the early 3rd century.
The General Roman Calendar is the liturgical calendar that indicates the dates of celebrations of saints and mysteries of the Lord (Jesus Christ) in the Roman Rite, wherever this liturgical rite is in use.
Gnaeus Flavius (fl. 4th century BC) was the son of a freedman (libertinus) and rose to the office of aedile in the Roman Republic.
The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several Churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the Septuagint and New Testament, and whose history, traditions, and theology are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the culture of the Byzantine Empire.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields.
Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula.
The history of the Jews in the Roman Empire traces the interaction of Jews and Romans during the period of the Roman Empire (27 BC – AD 476).
Ianuarius, fully Mensis Ianuarius (Latin for the "January Month", i.e., "The Month of Janus"), was the first month of the ancient Roman calendar, from which the Julian and Gregorian month of January derived.
The Ides of March (Idus Martiae, Late Latin: Idus Martii) is a day on the Roman calendar that corresponds to 15 March.
An indiction is any of the years in a 15-year cycle used to date medieval documents throughout Europe, both East and West.
Intercalation or embolism in timekeeping is the insertion of a leap day, week, or month into some calendar years to make the calendar follow the seasons or moon phases.
The Islamic, Muslim, or Hijri calendar (التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī) is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 months in a year of 354 or 355 days.
ISO 8601 Data elements and interchange formats – Information interchange – Representation of dates and times is an international standard covering the exchange of date- and time-related data.
Ithaca is a city in the Finger Lakes region of New York.
On the ancient Roman calendar, mensis Iunius or Iunius, also Junius (June), was the fourth month, following Maius (May).
January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days.
January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.
In ancient Roman religion and myth, Janus (IANVS (Iānus)) is the god of beginnings, gates, transitions, time, duality, doorways, passages, and endings.
Jörg Rüpke (born December 27, 1962 in Herford, West Germany) is a German scholar of comparative religion and classical philology, recipient of the Prix Gay Lussac-Humboldt in 2008, and of the Advanced Grant of the European Research Council in 2011.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
July is the seventh month of the year (between June and August) in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the fourth of seven months to have a length of 31 days.
June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the second of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the third of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.
Juno (Latin: IVNO, Iūnō) is an ancient Roman goddess, the protector and special counselor of the state.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.
Justinian I (Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus; Flávios Pétros Sabbátios Ioustinianós; 482 14 November 565), traditionally known as Justinian the Great and also Saint Justinian the Great in the Eastern Orthodox Church, was the Eastern Roman emperor from 527 to 565.
The King of Rome (Rex Romae) was the chief magistrate of the Roman Kingdom.
Late Latin is the scholarly name for the written Latin of Late Antiquity.
The legislative assemblies of the Roman Republic were political institutions in the ancient Roman Republic.
The Lex Acilia de Intercalando (Latin for "The Acilian Law on Intercalation") was a Roman law introduced by the consul M. Acilius Glabrio and enacted in 191.
Gaius Licinius Macer (died 66BC) was an official and annalist of ancient Rome.
Bad luck is harmful, negative, or undesirable luck or fortune.
This is a list of consuls known to have held office, from the beginning of the Roman Republic to the latest use of the title in Imperial times, together with those magistrates of the Republic who were appointed in place of consuls, or who superseded consular authority for a limited period.
The Roman Emperors were rulers of the Roman Empire, wielding power over its citizens and military.
Titus Livius Patavinus (64 or 59 BCAD 12 or 17) – often rendered as Titus Livy, or simply Livy, in English language sources – was a Roman historian.
The Lord's Day in Christianity is generally Sunday, the principal day of communal worship.
A lunar calendar is a calendar based upon the monthly cycles of the Moon's phases (synodic months), in contrast to solar calendars, whose annual cycles are based only directly upon the solar year.
In lunar calendars, a lunar month is the time between two successive syzygies (new moons or full moons).
The lunar phase or phase of the Moon is the shape of the directly sunlit portion of the Moon as viewed from Earth.
Lupercalia was a very ancient, possibly pre-Roman pastoral annual festival, observed in the city of Rome on February 15, to avert evil spirits and purify the city, releasing health and fertility.
Macrobius, fully Macrobius Ambrosius Theodosius, also known as Theodosius, was a Roman provincial who lived during the early fifth century, at the transition of the Roman to the Byzantine Empire, and when Latin was as widespread as Greek among the elite.
Maia (or; Μαῖα; Maia), in ancient Greek religion, is one of the Pleiades and the mother of Hermes.
Maius or mensis Maius (May) was the third month of the ancient Roman calendar, following Aprilis (April) and preceding Iunius (June).
March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
In the Roman calendar, March 15 was known as the Ides of March.
The March equinox or Northward equinox is the equinox on the Earth when the subsolar point appears to leave the southern hemisphere and cross the celestial equator, heading northward as seen from Earth.
Marcus Fulvius Nobilior, Roman general, a member of one of the most important families of the plebeian Fulvia gens.
Marcus Terentius Varro (116 BC – 27 BC) was an ancient Roman scholar and writer.
Marcus Antonius (Latin:; 14 January 1 August 30 BC), commonly known in English as Mark Antony or Marc Antony, was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.
In ancient Roman religion and myth, Mars (Mārs) was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome.
Martius or mensis Martius ("March") was the first month of the ancient Roman year until possibly as late as 153 BC.
May is the fifth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the third of seven months to have a length of 31 days.
Mercedonius or Mercedinus (Latin for "Work Month"),.
For astronomy and calendar studies, the Metonic cycle or Enneadecaeteris (from ἐννεακαιδεκαετηρίς, "nineteen years") is a period of very close to 19 years that is nearly a common multiple of the solar year and the synodic (lunar) month.
The Natural History (Naturalis Historia) is a book about the whole of the natural world in Latin by Pliny the Elder, a Roman author and naval commander who died in 79 AD.
In astronomy, the new moon is the first lunar phase, when the Moon and Sun have the same ecliptic longitude.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
Noon (also midday or noon time) is 12 o'clock in the daytime, as opposed to midnight.
November is the eleventh and penultimate month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars, the fourth and last of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fifth and last of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.
November (from Latin novem, "nine") or mensis November was originally the ninth of ten months on the Roman calendar, following October (octo, "eight") and preceding December (decem, "ten").
Numa Pompilius (753–673 BC; reigned 715–673 BC) was the legendary second king of Rome, succeeding Romulus.
The nundinae, sometimes anglicized to nundines,.
October is the tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the sixth of seven months to have a length of 31 days.
October (from Latin octo, "eight") or mensis October was the eighth of ten months on the oldest Roman calendar.
Old Latin, also known as Early Latin or Archaic Latin, refers to the Latin language in the period before 75 BC: before the age of Classical Latin.
An Olympiad (Ὀλυμπιάς, Olympiás) is a period of four years associated with the Olympic Games of the Ancient Greeks.
In set theory, an ordinal number, or ordinal, is one generalization of the concept of a natural number that is used to describe a way to arrange a collection of objects in order, one after another.
The overthrow of the Roman monarchy, a political revolution in ancient Rome, took place around 509 BC and resulted in the expulsion of the last king of Rome, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, and the establishment of the Roman Republic.
Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
Plutarch's Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans, commonly called Parallel Lives or Plutarch's Lives, is a series of biographies of famous men, arranged in tandem to illuminate their common moral virtues or failings, probably written at the beginning of the second century AD.
In mathematics, parity is the property of an integer's inclusion in one of two categories: even or odd.
The patricians (from patricius) were originally a group of ruling class families in ancient Rome.
Patronage (clientela) was the distinctive relationship in ancient Roman society between the patronus (plural patroni, "patron") and their cliens (plural clientes, "client").
The planetary hours are an ancient system in which one of the seven classical planets is given rulership over each day and various parts of the day.
The plebs were, in ancient Rome, the general body of free Roman citizens who were not patricians, as determined by the census.
Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.
Plutarch (Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos,; c. CE 46 – CE 120), later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος) was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.
Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (29 September 106 BC – 28 September 48 BC), usually known in English as Pompey or Pompey the Great, was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic.
The Pontifex Maximus or pontifex maximus (Latin, "greatest priest") was the chief high priest of the College of Pontiffs (Collegium Pontificum) in ancient Rome.
The prehistory of the Iberian Peninsula begins with the arrival of the first hominins 1.2 million years ago and ends with the Punic Wars, when the territory enters the domains of written history.
Publius Licinius Crassus Dives Pontifex Maximus (died 183 BC) was consul in 205 BC with Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (Scipio Africanus Major); he was also Pontifex Maximus since 213 or 212 BC (until his death), and held several other important positions.
Pythagoreanism originated in the 6th century BC, based on the teachings and beliefs held by Pythagoras and his followers, the Pythagoreans, who were considerably influenced by mathematics and mysticism.
In the ancient Roman calendar, Quintilis or Quinctilis was the month following Junius (June) and preceding Sextilis (August).
Quintus Fulvius Nobilior was a Roman consul who obtained the consulship in 153 BC.
In Roman mythology and religion, Quirinus is an early god of the Roman state.
A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.
The Regifugium ("Flight of the King") or Fugalia ("Festival of the Flight") was an annual religious festival that took place in ancient Rome every February 24 (a.d. VI Kal.).
A regnal year is a year of the reign of a sovereign, from the Latin regnum meaning kingdom, rule.
Religion in Ancient Rome includes the ancestral ethnic religion of the city of Rome that the Romans used to define themselves as a people, as well as the religious practices of peoples brought under Roman rule, in so far as they became widely followed in Rome and Italy.
In ancient Roman religion, the rex sacrorum ("king of the sacred", also sometimes rex sacrificulus, " offerings made by the king") was a senatorial priesthood reserved for patricians.
The Roman calendar was the calendar used by the Roman kingdom and republic.
A consul held the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic (509 to 27 BC), and ancient Romans considered the consulship the highest level of the cursus honorum (an ascending sequence of public offices to which politicians aspired).
A dictator was a magistrate of the Roman Republic, entrusted with the full authority of the state to deal with a military emergency or to undertake a specific duty.
The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Festivals in ancient Rome were a very important part of Roman religious life during both the Republican and Imperial eras, and one of the primary features of the Roman calendar.
"Italia" was the name of the Italian Peninsula during the Roman era.
The Roman Kingdom, or regal period, was the period of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by a monarchical form of government of the city of Rome and its territories.
The Roman magistrates were elected officials in Ancient Rome.
Roman mythology is the body of traditional stories pertaining to ancient Rome's legendary origins and religious system, as represented in the literature and visual arts of the Romans.
The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
Romulus was the legendary founder and first king of Rome.
The Sabines (Sabini; Σαβῖνοι Sabĩnoi; Sabini, all exonyms) were an Italic tribe which lived in the central Apennines of ancient Italy, also inhabiting Latium north of the Anio before the founding of Rome.
Saturday is the day of the week between Friday and Sunday.
Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (236–183 BC), also known as Scipio the African, Scipio Africanus-Major, Scipio Africanus the Elder and Scipio the Great, was a Roman general and later consul who is often regarded as one of the greatest generals and military strategists of all time.
A season is a division of the year marked by changes in weather, ecology, and amount of daylight.
The Second Punic War (218 to 201 BC), also referred to as The Hannibalic War and by the Romans the War Against Hannibal, was the second major war between Carthage and the Roman Republic and its allied Italic socii, with the participation of Greek polities and Numidian and Iberian forces on both sides.
Segeda is an ancient settlement, between today's Belmonte de Gracián and Mara in modern-day Spain.
September is the ninth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the third of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fourth of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.
September (from Latin septem, "seven") or mensis September was originally the seventh of ten months on the ancient Roman calendar that began with March (mensis Martius, "Mars' month").
Servius Tullius was the legendary sixth king of Rome, and the second of its Etruscan dynasty.
Sextilis ("sixth") or mensis Sextilis was the Latin name for what was originally the sixth month in the Roman calendar, when March (Martius, "Mars' month") was the first of ten months in the year.
Shabbat (שַׁבָּת, "rest" or "cessation") or Shabbos (Ashkenazi Hebrew and שבת), or the Sabbath is Judaism's day of rest and seventh day of the week, on which religious Jews, Samaritans and certain Christians (such as Seventh-day Adventists, the 7th Day movement and Seventh Day Baptists) remember the Biblical creation of the heavens and the earth in six days and the Exodus of the Hebrews, and look forward to a future Messianic Age.
Sosigenes of Alexandria (Σωσιγένης ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς) was a Greek astronomer from Ptolemaic Egypt who, according to Roman historian Pliny the Elder, was consulted by Julius Caesar for the design of the Julian calendar.
In many ways, the history of Spain is marked by waves of conquerors who brought their distinct cultures to the peninsula.
The Spanish era or era of Caesar was a dating system commonly used in the states of the Iberian peninsula until the 14th–15th centuries, when it was phased out in favour the Anno Domini system.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Sunday is the day of the week between Saturday and Monday.
Temple Stanyan (1675–1752) was an English civil servant, politician and author.
Terminalia was an ancient Roman festival in honour of the god Terminus, who presided over boundaries.
Thomas Hewitt Key, FRS (20 March 1799 – 29 November 1875) was an English classical scholar.
Tribunus plebis, rendered in English as tribune of the plebs, tribune of the people, or plebeian tribune, was the first office of the Roman state that was open to the plebeians, and throughout the history of the Republic, the most important check on the power of the Roman Senate and magistrates.
A tropical year (also known as a solar year) is the time that the Sun takes to return to the same position in the cycle of seasons, as seen from Earth; for example, the time from vernal equinox to vernal equinox, or from summer solstice to summer solstice.
Undecimber or Undecember is a name for a thirteenth month in a calendar that normally has twelve months.
A week is a time unit equal to seven days.
William Warde Fowler (16 May 1847 – 15 June 1921) was an English historian and ornithologist, and tutor at Lincoln College, Oxford.
The workweek and weekend are those complementary parts of the week devoted to labour and rest, respectively.
Calendar of Romulus, Decembris, Dies nefasti, Dies nefastus, Fasti Praenestini, Ides (calendar), Ninth days, Nonae, Nones (calendar), Novembris, Novensilus, Octobris, Pre-Julian calendar, Roman Calendar, Roman Republican Calendar, Roman Republican calendar, Roman calender, Roman month, Roman months, Septembris.