264 relations: Ab Asturica Burdigalam, Adriatic Sea, Aedile, Africa (Roman province), Akeman Street, Albania, Alexandria, Alsace, Altinum, Amelia, Umbria, Ancient Rome, Ancient trackway, Antonine Itinerary, Apennine Mountains, Appian Way, Apulia, Apulum (castra), Aquileia, Arch bridge, Aternum, Augsburg, Augustus, Ötztal Alps, Barcelona, Biga (chariot), Bolsena, Bordeaux, Brenner Pass, Bridle path, Bulgaria, Byzantium, Caligula, Camino de Santiago, Camlet Way, Canton (country subdivision), Capua, Caput, Cart, Carthage, Cassius Dio, Castra, Causeway, Cádiz, Central Europe, Chariot, Cicero, Civil engineer, Claudius, Clivus Capitolinus, Codex Theodosianus, ..., Commissioner, Concrete, Constantine the Great, Constantinople, Controlled-access highway, Corduroy road, Coriolanus, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, Corpus Juris Civilis, Cura, Cursus publicus, Dalmatia (Roman province), Danube, Decemviri, Dere Street, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, District, Domitian, Durrës, Duumviri, Egypt, Ermine Street, Etruscan civilization, Euergetism, Euphrates, Fen Causeway, Fosse Way, Gaius Gracchus, Gaul, General contractor, Genoa, Germania Inferior, Gig (carriage), Gijón, Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo, Greece, Groma surveying, Gromatici, Hadrian, Hadrian's Wall, Hispania, History of Cluj-Napoca, Icknield Way, Iron Gates, Isidore of Seville, Itinerarium, Jas Elsner, John Peter Oleson, Jordan, Julius Caesar, Karst, King Street (Roman road), King's Highway (ancient), Klana, La Jonquera, Lake District, Land tenure, Lars Porsena, Latin, Legionary, Lex Julia, Lictor, Limes Germanicus, Lindau, Lipa, Beltinci, Livy, Magistrate, Mansio, March (territorial entity), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (triumvir), Mark Antony, Materija, Mauretania Tingitana, Middle Ages, Milan, Milestone, Milion, Military history of ancient Rome, Milliarium Aureum, Milliarium of Aiton, Modern history, Narbonne, Nîmes, Nero Claudius Drusus, Obrov, Ostia Antica, Pace (unit), Palestrina, Pantheon, Rome, Passport, Peddars Way, Perusia, Petra, Petra Roman Road, Piacenza, Piroboridava, Plough, Pomponia (gens), Praetor, Pye Road, Pyrenees, Quadriga, Quaestor, Quarto d'Altino, Reggio Calabria, Republic of Macedonia, Rheinzabern, Rhine, Rijeka, Rimini, Roman bridge, Roman censor, Roman commerce, Roman Dacia, Roman Empire, Roman Forum, Roman legion, Roman magistrate, Roman Republic, Roman road (Nord), Roman road from Silchester to Bath, Roman road in Cilicia, Roman roads in Morocco, Roman Senate, Romania, Royal Road, Sala Colonia, San Bernardino Pass, Sanitary sewer, Saverne, Septimius Severus, Serbia, Seville, Siculus Flaccus, Sidewalk, Sinuessa, Social class in ancient Rome, Spade, Stane Street (Chichester), Stane Street (Colchester), Stanegate, Statius, Summit, Supervisor, Szeged, Tabula Peutingeriana, Tangier, Tarragona, Temple of Saturn, Terracina, The Ridgeway, Theodolite, Thessaloniki, Tiberius, Titus, Toulouse, Trajan, Trajan's Bridge, Trieste, Trigarium, Troesmis, Trsat, Turda, Turkey, Tuscany, Twelve Tables, Ulpian, Umbilicus urbis Romae, Valencia, Vía de la Plata, Veneto, Verona, Vespasian, Via Aemilia, Via Aemilia Scauri, Via Agrippa, Via Aquitania, Via Augusta, Via Aurelia, Via Cassia, Via Claudia Augusta, Via Claudia Nova, Via Clodia, Via Devana, Via Domitia, Via Domiziana, Via Egnatia, Via Flaminia, Via Flavia, Via Gemina, Via Hadriana, Via Julia Augusta, Via Labicana, Via Latina, Via Maris, Via Militaris, Via Nomentana, Via Ostiensis, Via Pontica, Via Popilia, Via Postumia, Via Praenestina, Via Salaria, Via Severiana, Via Tiburtina, Via Traiana, Via Traiana Nova, Viamala, Vibo Telecom, Vicus, Vigintisexviri, Villa, Vitruvius, Watling Street. Expand index (214 more) » « Shrink index
Ab Asturica Burdigalam was a Roman road that linked the towns of Asturica Augusta (modern Astorga) in Gallaecia and Burdigala (modern Bordeaux) in Aquitania.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula and the Apennine Mountains from the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges.
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Aedile (Aedilis, from aedes, "temple building") was an office of the Roman Republic.
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The Roman province of Africa Proconsularis was established after the Romans defeated Carthage in the Third Punic War.
Akeman Street was a major Roman road in England that linked Watling Street with the Fosse Way.
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Albania (or sometimes,; Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia, Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
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Alexandria (or; اسكندرية, in Egyptian Arabic) is the second largest city and a major economic centre in Egypt, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
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Alsace (Alsace; Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass, pre-1996 also: Elsaß; Alsatia) is the fifth-smallest of the 27 regions of France in land area (8,280.2 km2), and the smallest in metropolitan France.
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decumanus''. Altinum (modern Altino, a frazione of Quarto d'Altino) is the name of an ancient coastal town of the Veneti 15 km SE of the modern Treviso, northern Italy, on the edge of the lagoons.
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Amelia is a town and comune of the province of Terni, in the Umbria region of central Italy.
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Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.
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Ancient trackway can refer to any track or trail whose origin is lost in antiquity.
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The Antonine Itinerary (Itinerarium Antonini Augusti, "The Itinerary of the Emperor Antoninus") is a famous itinerarium, a register of the stations and distances along various roads.
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The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.
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The Appian Way (Latin and Italian: Via Appia) was one of the earliest and strategically most important Roman roads of the ancient republic.
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Apulia (Puglia)From Greek Ἀπουλία; in Puglia, (Demonym: Pugliese). is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south.
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Apulum was a fort in the Roman province of Dacia in the 2nd and 4th centuries AD, located in today's Alba-Iulia, Romania.
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Aquileia (Acuilee/Aquilee/Aquilea,bilingual name of Aquileja - Oglej in: Venetian: Aquiłeja/Aquiłegia, Aglar) is an ancient Roman city in Italy, at the head of the Adriatic at the edge of the lagoons, about from the sea, on the river Natiso (modern Natisone), the course of which has changed somewhat since Roman times.
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An arch bridge is a bridge with abutments at each end shaped as a curved arch.
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Aternum was a Roman town, on the site of Pescara, in Italy.
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Augsburg is a city in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany.
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Augustus (Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation of the names of Augustus.
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The Ötztal Alps (Ötztaler Alpen, Alpi Venoste) are a mountain range in the Central Eastern Alps, in the State of Tyrol in southern Austria and the Province of South Tyrol in northern Italy.
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Barcelona is the capital city of the autonomous community of Catalonia in Spain and Spain's second most populated city, with a population of 1.6 million within its administrative limits.
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The biga (Latin, plural bigae) is the two-horse chariot as used in ancient Rome for sport, transportation, and ceremonies.
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Bolsena is a town and comune of Italy, in the province of Viterbo in northern Lazio on the eastern shore of Lake Bolsena.
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Bordeaux (Gascon: Bordèu; Bordele) is a port city on the Garonne River in the Gironde department in southwestern France.
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Brenner Pass (Brennerpass; Passo del Brennero) is a mountain pass through the Alps along the border between Italy and Austria.
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A bridle path, also bridleway, equestrian trail, horse riding path, bridle road, or horse trail, is a path, trail or a thoroughfare that is used by people riding on horses.
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Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
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Byzantium (Βυζάντιον Byzántion) was an ancient Greek colony on the site that later became Constantinople, and later still Istanbul.
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Caligula was the popular nickname of Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (31 August AD 12 – 24 January AD 41), Roman emperor (AD 37–41).
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The Camino de Santiago, also known by the English names Way of St.
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Camlet Way was a Roman road in England which ran roughly east-west between Colchester (Camalodunum) in Essex and Silchester (Calleva Atrebatum) in Hampshire via St Albans (Verulamium).
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A canton is a type of administrative division of a country.
Capua is a city and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, situated north of Naples, on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain.
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Caput, a Latin word meaning literally "head" and by metonymy "top", has been borrowed in a variety of English words, including capital, captain, and decapitate.
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A cart is a vehicle designed for transport, using two wheels and normally pulled by one or a pair of draught animals.
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The city of Carthage (قرطاج) is a city in Tunisia that was once the center of the ancient Carthaginian civilization.
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Lucius (or Claudius) Cassius Dio (alleged to have the cognomen Cocceianus; Δίων Κάσσιος Κοκκηϊανός Dion Kassios Kokkeianos, c. AD 155–235), known in English as Cassius Dio, Dio Cassius, or Dio, was of Greek origin, Roman consul and noted historian who wrote in Greek.
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In the Latin language of the ancient Roman Empire, castra (singular castrum) were buildings or plots of land reserved for or constructed for use as a military defensive position.
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In modern usage, a causeway is a road or railway elevated, usually across a broad body of water or wetland.
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Cádiz (see other pronunciations below) is a city and port in southwestern Spain.
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Central Europe (archaically "Middle Europe") is a region lying between the variously defined areas of the Eastern and Western parts of the European continent.
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A chariot is a type of carriage driven by a charioteer using primarily horses to provide rapid motive power.
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Marcus Tullius Cicero (Κικέρων, Kikerōn; 3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist.
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A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering – the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected.
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Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.
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The main road to the Roman Capitol, the Clivus Capitolinus ("Capitoline Rise") starts at the head of the Forum Romanum beside the Arch of Tiberius as a continuation of the Via Sacra; proceeding around the Temple of Saturn and turning to the south in front of the Portico Dii Consentes, it then climbs up the slope of the Capitoline Hill to the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus at its summit.
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The Codex Theodosianus (Eng. Theodosian Code) was a compilation of the laws of the Roman Empire under the Christian emperors since 312.
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A commissioner is, in principle, the title given to a member of a commission or to an individual who has been given a commission (official charge or authority to do something, the noun's second meaning).
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Concrete is a composite material composed of aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement which hardens over time.
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Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Greek: Κωνσταντίνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine (in the Orthodox Church as Saint Constantine the Great, Equal-to-the-Apostles), was a Roman Emperor from 306 to 337 AD of Illyrian ancestry.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis or Κωνσταντινούπολη Konstantinoúpoli; Constantinopolis; قسطنطینية, Kostantiniyye; Цариград; modern Istanbul) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine (330–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1924) empires.
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A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.
A corduroy road or log road is a type of road made by placing sand-covered logs perpendicular to the most northern direction of the road over a low or swampy area.
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Coriolanus is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1605 and 1608.
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The Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL) is a comprehensive collection of ancient Latin inscriptions.
The Corpus Juris (or Iuris) Civilis ("Body of Civil Law") is the modern name for a collection of fundamental works in jurisprudence, issued from 529 to 534 by order of Justinian I, Eastern Roman Emperor.
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Cura may refer to.
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The cursus publicus (Latin: "the public way"; δημόσιος δρόμος, dēmósios drómos) was the state-run courier and transportation service of the Roman Empire, later inherited by the Byzantine Empire.
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Dalmatia was an ancient Roman province.
The Danube (also known by other names) is Europe's second-longest river, located in Central and Eastern Europe.
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Decemviri (singular decemvir) is a Latin term meaning "Ten Men" which designates any such commission in the Roman Republic (cf. Triumviri, Three Men).
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Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Διονύσιος Ἀλεξάνδρου Ἁλικαρνᾱσσεύς "Dionysios son of Alexandros of Halikarnassos"; c. 60 BC – after 7 BC) was a Greek historian and teacher of rhetoric, who flourished during the reign of Caesar Augustus.
A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government.
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Domitian (Titus Flavius Caesar Domitianus Augustus; 24 October 51 – 18 September 96) was Roman emperor from 81 to 96.
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Durrës is the second largest city and a municipality of Albania.
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In ancient Rome, duumviri (Lat duumvir, "one of the two men"; in plural originally duoviri, "the two men") was the official style of two joint magistrates.
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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
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Ermine Street is the name of a major Roman road in England that ran from London (Londinium) to Lincoln (Lindum Colonia) and York (Eboracum).
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Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria, and northern Lazio.
Euergetism (also called evergetism), derived from the Greek word "εὐεργετέω," meaning "doing good deeds," was the ancient practice of high-status and wealthy individuals in society distributing part of their wealth to the community.
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The Euphrates (الفرات: al-Furāt, ̇ܦܪܬ: Pǝrāt, Եփրատ: Yeprat, פרת: Perat, Fırat, Firat) is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia.
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Fen Causeway or the Fen Road is the modern name for a Roman road of England that runs between Denver, Norfolk in the east and Peterborough in the west.
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The Fosse Way was a Roman road in England that linked Exeter (Isca Dumnoniorum) in South West England to Lincoln (Lindum Colonia) in Lincolnshire, via Ilchester (Lindinis), Bath (Aquae Sulis), Cirencester (Corinium) and Leicester (Ratae Corieltauvorum).
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Gaius Sempronius Gracchus (154–121 BC) was a Roman Popularis politician in the 2nd century BC and brother of the reformer Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus.
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Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, parts of Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
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A general contractor (main contractor, prime contractor) is responsible for the day-to-day oversight of a construction site, management of vendors and trades, and communication of information to involved parties throughout the course of a building project.
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Genoa (Genova; Genoese and Ligurian Zena; Gênes; Latin and archaic English Genua) is the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy with a population of 592,995 within its administrative limits on a land area of.
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Germania Inferior was a Roman province located on the west bank of the Rhine.
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A gig, also called chair or chaise, is a light, two-wheeled sprung cart pulled by one horse.
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Gijón, or Xixón is the largest city and municipality in the autonomous community of Asturias in Spain.
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Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo (c. 7 – 67 AD) was a Roman general, brother-in-law of the emperor Caligula and father-in-law of Domitian.
Greece (Ελλάδα), officially the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία) and known since ancient times as Hellas (Greek: Ελλάς), is a country located in southeastern Europe.
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The Groma or gruma was a Roman surveying instrument.
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Gromatici (from Latin groma or gruma, a surveyor's pole) or agrimensores was the name for land-surveyors amongst the ancient Romans.
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Hadrian (Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus;In Classical Latin, Hadrian's name would be inscribed as PVBLIVS AELIVS HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS.As emperor his name was Imperator Caesar Divi Traiani filius Traianus Hadrianus Augustus. 24 January, 76 AD – 10 July, 138 AD) was Roman emperor from 117 to 138. He rebuilt the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma. He is also known for building Hadrian's Wall, which marked the northern limit of Britannia. Hadrian was regarded by some as a humanist and was philhellene in most of his tastes. He is regarded as one of the Five Good Emperors. Hadrian was born Publius Aelius Hadrianus into a Hispano-Roman family. Although Italica near Santiponce (in modern-day Spain) is often considered his birthplace, his place of birth remains uncertain. However, it is generally accepted that he comes of a family with centuries-old roots in Hispania. His predecessor Trajan was a maternal cousin of Hadrian's father. Trajan never officially designated an heir, but according to his wife Pompeia Plotina, Trajan named Hadrian emperor immediately before his death. Trajan's wife and his friend Licinius Sura were well-disposed towards Hadrian, and he may well have owed his succession to them. During his reign, Hadrian traveled to nearly every province of the Empire. An ardent admirer of Greece, he sought to make Athens the cultural capital of the Empire and ordered the construction of many opulent temples in the city. He used his relationship with his Greek lover Antinous to underline his philhellenism and led to the creation of one of the most popular cults of ancient times. He spent extensive amounts of his time with the military; he usually wore military attire and even dined and slept amongst the soldiers. He ordered military training and drilling to be more rigorous and even made use of false reports of attack to keep the army alert. Upon his accession to the throne, Hadrian withdrew from Trajan's conquests in Mesopotamia and Armenia, and even considered abandoning Dacia. Late in his reign he suppressed the Bar Kokhba revolt in Judaea, renaming the province Syria Palaestina. In 136 an ailing Hadrian adopted Lucius Aelius as his heir, but the latter died suddenly two years later. In 138, Hadrian resolved to adopt Antoninus Pius if he would in turn adopt Marcus Aurelius and Aelius' son Lucius Verus as his own eventual successors. Antoninus agreed, and soon afterward Hadrian died at Baiae.
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Hadrian's Wall (Vallum Aelium), also called the Roman Wall, Picts' Wall, or Vallum Hadriani in Latin, was a defensive fortification in the Roman province of Britannia, begun in 122 AD during the reign of the emperor Hadrian.
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Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula.
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The history of Cluj-Napoca covers the time from the Roman conquest of Dacia, when it was known as Napoca, through its flourishing as the main cultural and religious center in the historic province of Transylvania, until its modern existence as a city, the seat of Cluj County in north-western Romania.
The Icknield Way is an ancient trackway in southern England that goes from Norfolk to Wiltshire.
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The Iron Gates (Porţile de Fier, Đerdapska klisura, Vaskapu-szoros, Eisernes Tor, Demirkapı) is a gorge on the River Danube.
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Saint Isidore of Seville (Isidorus Hispalensis; c. 560 – 4 April 636) served as Archbishop of Seville for more than three decades and is considered, as the 19th-century historian Montalembert put it in an oft-quoted phrase, "The last scholar of the ancient world".
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An itinerarium (plural: itineraria) was an Ancient Roman road map in the form of a listing of cities, villages (''vici'') and other stops, with the intervening distances.
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Jaś Elsner (born 19 December 1962) is a British art historian and classicist, who in 2013 was Humfry Payne Senior Research Fellow in Classical Archaeology and Art at the University of Oxford, based at Corpus Christi College (since 1999), and Visiting Professor of Art History at the University of Chicago (since 2003).
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John Peter Oleson (born 1946) is a Canadian classical archaeologist and historian of ancient technology.
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Jordan (الأردن), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is an Arab kingdom in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
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Gaius Julius Caesar (July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman statesman, general and notable author of Latin prose.
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Karst topography is a landscape formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum.
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King Street is the name of a modern road on the line of a Roman road.
The King’s Highway was a trade route of vital importance to the ancient Near East.
Klana is a municipality in the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County in western Croatia.
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La Jonquera is a municipality in the comarca of l'Alt Empordà, in Catalonia, Spain.
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The Lake District, also known as The Lakes or Lakeland, is a mountainous region in North West England.
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Land tenure is the name given, particularly in common law systems, to the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual, who is said to "hold" the land (the French verb "tenir" means "to hold"; "tenant" is the present participle of "tenir").
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Lars Porsena, in Etruscan Pursenas, (sometimes spelled Lars Porsenna) was an Etruscan king known for his war against the city of Rome.
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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
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The Roman legionary (Latin: legionarius, pl. legionarii) was a professional heavy infantryman of the Roman army after the Marian reforms.
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A Lex Julia (or: Lex Iulia, plural: Leges Juliae/Leges Iuliae) is an ancient Roman law that was introduced by any member of the Julian family.
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A lictor (possibly from ligare, "to bind") was a Roman civil servant who was a bodyguard to magistrates who held imperium, the right to command.
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The Limes Germanicus (Latin for Germanic frontier) was a line of frontier (limes) fortifications that bounded the ancient Roman provinces of Germania Inferior, Germania Superior and Raetia, dividing the Roman Empire and the unsubdued Germanic tribes from the years 83 to about 260 AD.
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Lindau is a major Bavarian town and an island on the eastern side of Lake Constance, a freshwater lake called Bodensee in German.
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Lipa (Kislippa) is a village in the Municipality of Beltinci in the Prekmurje region of northeastern Slovenia.
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Titus Livius Patavinus (64 or 59 BCAD 17)—known as Livy in English—was a Roman historian who wrote a monumental history of Rome and the Roman people – Ab Urbe Condita Libri (Books from the Foundation of the City) – covering the period from the earliest legends of Rome before the traditional foundation in 753 BC through the reign of Augustus in Livy's own time.
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A magistrate is an officer of the state.
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In the Roman Empire, a mansio (from the Latin word mansus the perfect passive participle of manere "to remain" or "to stay") was an official stopping place on a Roman road, or via, maintained by the central government for the use of officials and those on official business whilst travelling.
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A march or mark was, in broad terms, a medieval European term for any kind of borderland, as opposed to a notional "heartland".
Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (M·AEMILIVS·M·F·Q·N·LEPIDVS), (born c. 89 or 88 BC, died late 13 or early 12 BC) was a Roman patrician who was triumvir with Octavian (the future Augustus) and Mark Antony, and the last Pontifex Maximus of the Roman Republic.
Marcus Antonius (Latin:; January 14, August 1, 30 BC), commonly known in English as Mark or Marc Antony, was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.
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Materija (Matteria) is a small settlement in the Municipality of Hrpelje–Kozina in the Littoral region of Slovenia.
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Mauretania Tingitana was a Roman province located in northwestern Africa, coinciding roughly with the northern part of present-day Morocco and Spanish cities of Ceuta and Melilla.
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In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
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Milan (or; Milano; Milanese: Milan), the second-most populous city in Italy, serves as the capital of Lombardy.
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A milestone is one of a series of numbered markers placed along a road or boundary at intervals of one mile or occasionally, parts of a mile.
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The Milion (Μίλιον or Μίλλιον, Míllion; Milyon taşı) was a monument erected in the early 4th century AD in Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, Turkey).
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The military history of ancient Rome is inseparable from its political system, based from an early date upon competition within the ruling elite.
The Miliarium Aureum (golden milestone) was a monument, probably of gilded bronze, erected by the Emperor Caesar Augustus near the temple of Saturn in the central Forum of Ancient Rome.
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Milliarium of Aiton is an ancient Roman milestone (milliarium) discovered in the 1758 in Aiton commune, near Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
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Modern history, also referred to as the modern period or the modern era, is the historiographical approach to the timeframe after the post-classical era (known as the Middle Ages).
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Narbonne (Occitan: Narbona,; Narbo) is a commune in southern France in the Languedoc-Roussillon region. It lies from Paris in the Aude department, of which it is a sub-prefecture. Once a prosperous port, and a major city in Roman times, it is now located about from the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. It is marginally the largest commune in Aude, although the prefecture is the slightly smaller commune of Carcassonne.
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Nîmes (Provençal Occitan: Nimes) is a city in the Languedoc-Roussillon region of southern France.
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Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus (January 14, 38 BC – Summer of 9 BC), born Decimus Claudius Drusus also called Drusus Claudius Nero, Drusus, Drusus I, Nero Drusus, or Drusus the Elder was a Roman politician and military commander.
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Obrov (Obrovo Santa Maria) is a village in the Municipality of Hrpelje–Kozina in the Littoral region of Slovenia.
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Ostia Antica is a large archeological site, close to the modern suburb of Ostia, that was the location of the harbour city of ancient Rome, which is approximately to the northeast.
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Pace is a name applied to various units of length relating to natural units of human walking.
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Palestrina (ancient Praeneste; Πραίνεστος, Prainestos) is an ancient city and comune (municipality) with a population of about 18,000, in Lazio, about east of Rome.
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The Pantheon (or; Pantheon,Infrequently Latinized as Pantheum, as in Pliny's ''Natural History'' (XXXVI.38): "The Pantheon of Agrippa was embellished by Diogenes of Athens; and among the supporting members of this temple there are Caryatids that are almost in a class of their own, and the same is true of the figures on the angles of the pediment, which are, however, not so well known because of their lofty position," as translated by D.E. Eichholz (Agrippae Pantheum decoravit Diogenes Atheniensis; in columnis templi eius Caryatides probantur inter pauca operum, sicut in fastigio posita signa, sed propter altitudinem loci minus celebrata). from Greek Πάνθεον meaning "every god") is a building in Rome, Italy, on the site of an earlier building commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD).
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A passport is a travel document, usually issued by a country's government, that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder for the purpose of international travel.
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The Peddars Way is a long distance footpath in Norfolk, England.
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The ancient Perusia, now Perugia, first appears in history as one of the 12 confederate cities of Etruria.
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Petra (Arabic: البترا, Al-Batrāʾ; Ancient Greek: Πέτρα) is a historical and archaeological city in the southern Jordanian governorate of Ma'an that is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system.
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Petra Road was the main road of the ancient city of Petra in Jordan built by the Romans in the 1st century CE.
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Piacenza (Emiliano-Romagnolo: Piasëinsa) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.
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Piroboridava (Πιροβορίδαυα) was a Dacian town mentioned by Ptolemy, and archaeologically identified at Poiana, Galați, Romania.
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A plough (UK) or plow (US; both) is a tool (or machine) used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil.
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The gens Pomponia was a plebeian family at Rome throughout the period of the Republic and into imperial times.
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Praetor was a title granted by the government of Ancient Rome to men acting in one of two official capacities: the commander of an army (in the field or, less often, before the army had been mustered); or, an elected magistratus (magistrate), assigned various duties (which varied at different periods in Rome's history).
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Pye Road is a Roman road running from the capital of the Iceni at Venta Icenorum (Caistor St Edmund near Norwich) to the original Roman provincial capital and legionary base at Camulodunum (Colchester).
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The Pyrenees (Pirineos, Pyrénées, Pirineus, Pirineus, Pirenèus, Pirinioak or Auñamendiak) is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between France and Spain.
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A quadriga (Latin quadri-, four, and iugum, yoke) is a car or chariot drawn by four horses abreast (the Roman Empire's equivalent of Ancient Greek tethrippon).
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A quaestor was a type of public official in the "cursus honorum" system who supervised the financial affairs of the state and conducted audits.
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Quarto d'Altino is a town in the province of Venice, Veneto, Italy.
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Reggio di Calabria (Sicilian-Calabrian dialect: Rìggiu, Italic-Greek of Bovesia: Righi, Ancient Greek: Ῥήγιον, Rhḗgion, Latin: Rhēgium), commonly known as Reggio Calabria or simply Reggio in Southern Italy, is the biggest city and the most populated comune of Calabria, Southern Italy.
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Macedonia (Македонија, tr. Makedonija), officially the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian:, tr. Republika Makedonija), is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Rheinzabern is a small town in the south-east of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany near the Rhine river.
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--> The Rhine is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Austrian, Swiss- Liechtenstein border, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the Rhineland and eventually empties into the North Sea in the Netherlands.
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Rijeka (Reka; Italian and Fiume /; Pflaum) is the principal seaport and the third-largest city in Croatia (after Zagreb and Split).
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Rimini (Latin: Ariminum) is a city of 146,606 inhabitants in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini.
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Roman bridges, built by ancient Romans, were the first large and lasting bridges built.
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The censor was an officer in ancient Rome who was responsible for maintaining the census, supervising public morality, and overseeing certain aspects of the government's finances.
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The commerce of the Roman Empire was a major sector of the economy during the early Republic and throughout most of the imperial period.
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Roman Dacia (also Dacia Traiana and Dacia Felix) was a province of the Roman Empire from 106 to 274–275 AD.
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The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
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The Roman Forum (Forum Romanum, Foro Romano) is a rectangular forum (plaza) surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome.
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A Roman legion (from Latin legio "military levy, conscription", from legere "to choose") normally indicates the basic ancient Roman army unit recruited specifically from Roman citizens.
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The Roman magistrates were elected officials in Ancient Rome.
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The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the period of ancient Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
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There are 7 Roman roads (Voie romaine) in the Nord département in France.
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The Roman road from Silchester to Bath connected Calleva Atrebatum (Silchester) with Aquae Sulis (Bath) via Spinae (Speen) and Cunetio.
The Roman road in Cilicia (Roma yolu) is a part of a Roman road in Mersin Province, Turkey.
Roman roads in Morocco were the western roads of Roman Africa.
The Roman Senate was a political institution in ancient Rome.
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RomaniaIn English, Romania was formerly often spelled Rumania or sometimes Roumania.
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The Royal Road was an ancient highway reorganized and rebuilt by the Persian king Darius the Great (Darius I) of the Achaemenid Empire in the 5th century BC.
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Sala Colonia, was a Roman city of Mauretania Tingitana.
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San Bernardino Pass (elevation) is a high mountain pass in the Swiss Alps connecting the Hinterrhein and the Mesolcina (Misox) valleys between Thusis (Graubünden) and Bellinzona (Ticino).
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A sanitary sewer (also called a foul sewer and a covered sewer) is an underground carriage system specifically for transporting sewage from houses and commercial buildings through pipes to treatment or disposal.
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Saverne (Saverne,; Alsatian: Zàwere; (German)) is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Alsace in north-eastern France.
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Septimius Severus (Lucius Septimius Severus Augustus; 11 April 145 – 4 February 211), also known as Severus, was Roman emperor from 193 to 211.
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Serbia (Србија, Srbija), officially the Republic of Serbia (Република Србија, Republika Srbija), is a sovereign state situated at the crossroads between Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans.
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Seville (Sevilla) is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain.
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Siculus Flaccus (date uncertain) was an ancient Roman gromaticus (land surveyor), and writer in Latin on land surveying.
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A sidewalk (American English) – known as a footpath, footway or pavement in Australian, New Zealand, Irish English, and British English – is a path along the side of a road.
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Sinuessa (Σινούεσσα or Σινόεσσα) was a city of Latium, in the more extended sense of the name, situated on the Tyrrhenian Sea, about 10 km north of the mouth of the Volturno River (the ancient Vulturnus).
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Social class in ancient Rome was hierarchical, but there were multiple and overlapping social hierarchies, and an individual's relative position in one might be higher or lower than in another.
A spade is a tool primarily for digging or removing earth and fixing soil.
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Stane Street is the modern name given to an important Roman road in England that linked London to the Roman town of Noviomagus Reginorum, or Regnentium, later renamed Chichester by the Saxons.
Stane Street is a Roman road that runs from Ermine Street at Braughing, Hertfordshire to Colchester in Essex.
The Stanegate, or "stone road" (Old English), was an important Roman road built in what is now northern England.
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Publius Papinius Statius (c. 45, in Naplesc. 96 AD, in Naples) was a Roman poet of the 1st century AD (Silver Age of Latin literature).
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A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it.
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Supervisor, foreman, foreperson, boss, overseer, cell coach, facilitator, monitor, or area coordinator is the job title of a low level management position that is primarily based on authority over a worker or charge of a workplace.
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Szeged (Szegedin; Seghedin; Segedin; Segedin, Сегедин; see also other alternative names) is the third largest city of Hungary, the largest city and regional centre of the Southern Great Plain and the county seat of Csongrád county.
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The Tabula Peutingeriana (Latin for "The Peutinger Map"), also anglicized as Peutinger's Tabula and the Peutinger Table, is an illustrated itinerarium (road map) showing the cursus publicus, the road network in the Roman Empire.
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Tangier (also in English: Tangiers; طنجة Ṭanja; Berber: Ṭanja, ⵟⴰⵏⵊⴰ; archaic Berber name: Tingi or Tinigi; Tingis; Tanger) is a major city in northern Morocco with a population of approximately 974,000.
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Tarragona (Phoenician: טַרְקוֹן, Tarqon; Tarraco) is a port city located in the north-east of Spain on the Mediterranean Sea.
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The Temple of Saturn (Latin: Templum Saturni or Aedes Saturnus, Tempio di Saturno) is a temple to the god Saturn in ancient Rome.
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Terracina is a town and comune of the province of Latina - (until 1934 of the province of Rome), Italy, southeast of Rome by rail and by the Via Appia by car.
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The ancient tree-lined path winds over the downs countryside The Ridgeway is a ridgeway or ancient trackway described as Britain's oldest road.
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A theodolite is a precision instrument for measuring angles in the horizontal and vertical planes.
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Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη), also known as Thessalonica, Salonika or Salonica, is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
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Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Dīvī Augustī Fīlius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was a Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD.
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Titus (Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus; 30 December 39 – 13 September 81) was Roman Emperor from 79 to 81.
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Toulouse (locally:; Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital city of the southwestern French department of Haute-Garonne, as well as of the Midi-Pyrénées region.
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Trajan (Imperator Caesar Nerva Traianus Divi Nervae filius Augustus; September 18, 53 – August 8, 117 AD) was Roman emperor from 98 AD until his death in 117 AD.
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Trajan's Bridge (Трајанов мост, Trajanov Most; Podul lui Traian) or Bridge of Apollodorus over the Danube was a Roman segmental arch bridge, the first to be built over the lower Danube.
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Trieste (Triestine Trièst; Slovene, Trst;Spezialortsrepertorium der österreichischen Länder. Bearbeiten auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Volkszälung vom 31. Dezember 1910, vol. 7: Österreichisch-Illyrisches Küstenland. 1918. Vienna: K. k. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, pp. 1, 3. Triest) is a city and seaport in northeastern Italy.
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The Trigarium was an equestrian training ground in the northwest corner of the Campus Martius ("Field of Mars") in ancient Rome.
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Troesmis was an ancient town in Scythia Minor.
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Trsat (Tersatto, Tarsatica) is part of the city of Rijeka, Croatia.
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Turda (Thorenburg; Torda; historical name: Potaissa) is a city and Municipality in Cluj County, Romania, situated on the Arieş River.
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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.
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Tuscany (Toscana) is a region in central Italy with an area of about 23,000 square kilometres (8,900 sq mi) and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013).
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According to Roman tradition, the Law of the Twelve Tables (Leges Duodecim Tabularum or Duodecim Tabulae) was the modern legislation that stood at the foundation of Roman law.
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Ulpian (Gnaeus Domitius Annius Ulpianus; c. 170 – 223) was a Roman jurist of Tyrian ancestry.
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The Umbilicus Urbis Romae—"Navel of the City of Rome"—was the symbolic centre of the city from which, and to which, all distances in Ancient Rome were measured.
Valencia, or València, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre.
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The Vía de La Plata (Silver Way) or Ruta de la Plata (Silver Route) is an ancient commercial and pilgrimage path that crosses the west of Spain from north to south, connecting Mérida to Astorga.
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Veneto or Venetia (– Venetia; Vèneto; more specifically Venezia Euganea) is one of the twenty regions of Italy.
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Verona (Venetian: Verona, Veròna) is a city straddling the Adige river in Veneto, northern Italy, with approximately 265,000 inhabitants and one of the seven chef-lieus of the region.
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Vespasian (Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation: While Vespasian besieged Jerusalem during the Jewish rebellion, emperor Nero committed suicide and plunged Rome into a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. After Galba and Otho perished in quick succession, Vitellius became the third emperor in April 69. The Roman legions of Roman Egypt and Judaea reacted by declaring Vespasian, their commander, emperor on 1 July 69. In his bid for imperial power, Vespasian joined forces with Mucianus, the governor of Syria, and Primus, a general in Pannonia, leaving his son Titus to command the besieging forces at Jerusalem. Primus and Mucianus led the Flavian forces against Vitellius, while Vespasian took control of Egypt. On 20 December 69, Vitellius was defeated, and the following day Vespasian was declared Emperor by the Roman Senate. Vespasian dated his tribunician years from 1 July, substituting the acts of Rome's senate and people as the legal basis for his appointment with the declaration of his legions, and transforming his legions into an electoral college. Little information survives about the government during Vespasian's ten-year rule. He reformed the financial system at Rome after the campaign against Judaea ended successfully, and initiated several ambitious construction projects. He built the Flavian Amphitheatre, better known today as the Roman Colosseum. In reaction to the events of 68–69, Vespasian forced through an improvement in army discipline. Through his general Agricola, Vespasian increased imperial expansion in Britain. After his death in 79, he was succeeded by his eldest son Titus, thus becoming the first Roman Emperor to be directly succeeded by his own natural sonJulius Caesar was succeeded by his adopted son Augustus, but Caesar was not styled an emperor, nor was he Augustus's biological father. and establishing the Flavian dynasty.
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The Via Aemilia (Via Emilia) was a trunk Roman road in the north Italian plain, running from Ariminum (Rimini), on the Adriatic coast, to Placentia (Piacenza) on the river Padus (Po).
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The Via Aemilia Scauri was an ancient Roman road built by the Consul Marcus Aemilius Scaurus in 115 BCE.
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Via Agrippa, is any stretch of the network of Roman roads in Gaul that was built by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, to whom Octavian entrusted the reorganization of the Gauls.
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The Via Aquitania was a Roman road created in 118 BC in the Roman province of Gaul.
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Via Augusta (also known as Via Herculea or Via Exterior) was a Roman road crossing all of Hispania Province, from Cádiz in the southern tip of current Spain, to the Coll de Panissars, where it crossed the Pyrenees close to the Mediterranean Sea, and joined the Via Domitia.
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The Via Aurelia (Aurelian Way) was a Roman road in Italy constructed in approximately the year 241 BC.
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The Via Cassia was an important Roman road striking out of the Via Flaminia near the Milvian Bridge in the immediate vicinity of Rome and, passing not far from Veii traversed Etruria.
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The Via Claudia Augusta is an ancient Roman road, which linked the valley of the Po River with Rhaetia (modern Southern Germany) across the Alps.
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The Via Claudia Nova was an ancient Roman road, built in 47 AD by the Roman emperor Claudius to connect the Via Caecilia with the Via Claudia Valeria in central Italy.
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The Via Clodia was an ancient high-road of Italy.
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The Via Devana was a Roman Road in England that ran from Colchester in the south-east to Chester in the north-west.
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The Via Domitia was the first Roman road built in Gaul, to link Italy and Hispania through Gallia Narbonensis, across what is now southern France.
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Via Domiziana is the modern name for the Via Domitiana in the Campania region of Italy, a major Roman road built in 95 AD under (and named for) the emperor, Domitian, to facilitate access to and from the important ports of Puteoli (modern Pozzuoli) and Portus Julius (home port of the western Imperial fleet, consisting of the waters around Baiae and Cape Misenum) in the Gulf of Naples.
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The Via Egnatia (Greek: Ἐγνατία Ὁδός) was a road constructed by the Romans in the 2nd century BC.
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The Via Flaminia was an ancient Roman road leading from Rome over the Apennine Mountains to Ariminum (Rimini) on the coast of the Adriatic Sea, and due to the ruggedness of the mountains was the major option the Romans had for travel between Etruria, Latium and Campania and the Po Valley.
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The Via Flavia was an ancient Roman road which connected Trieste (ancient Tergeste) to Dalmatia, running across the Istrian coast.
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Via Gemina was the Roman road linking Aquileia and Emona (the modern Ljubljana).
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The Via Hadriana was an ancient Roman road established by the emperor Hadrian, running from Antinopolis on the River Nile to the Red Sea at Berenike; Hadrian had founded Antinopolis in memory of his presumed lover, the youth Antinous, who had drowned in the Nile.
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The Via Julia Augusta is the name given to the Roman road formed by the merging of the Via Aemilia Scauri with the Via Postumia.
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The Via Labicana was an ancient road of Italy, leading east-southeast from Rome.
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The Via Latina (Latin: "Latin Road") was a Roman road of Italy, running southeast from Rome for about 200 kilometers.
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Via Maris is the modern name for an ancient trade route, dating from the early Bronze Age, linking Egypt with the northern empires of Syria, Anatolia and Mesopotamia — modern day Iran, Iraq, Israel, Turkey and Syria.
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Via Militaris or Via Diagonalis was an ancient Roman road, starting from Singidunum (today the Serbian capital Belgrade), passing by Danube coast to Viminacium (mod. Požarevac), through Naissus (mod. Niš), Serdica (mod. Sofia), Philippopolis (mod. Plovdiv), Adrianopolis (mod. Edirne in Turkish Thrace), and reaching Constantinople (mod. Istanbul).
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Via Nomentana is an ancient road of Italy, leading North-East from Rome to Nomentum (modern Mentana), a distance of.
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The Via Ostiensis (via Ostiense) was an important road in ancient Rome.
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Via Pontica was an ancient Roman road in Thrace along the Black Sea, starting from Byzantium and passing through Konstantinople, Deultum (today Debelt), Aquae Calidae (today Burgas), Apollonia, Mesambria, Odessos, Byzone, Kaliakra (today in Bulgaria), Kallatis, Tomis and Istros (today in Romania).
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The Via Popilia is the name of two different ancient Roman roads begun in the consulship of Publius Popilius Laenas.
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The Via Postumia was an ancient Roman road of northern Italy constructed in 148 BC by the consul Spurius Postumius Albinus Magnus.
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The Via Praenestina (modern Italian: Via Prenestina) was an ancient Roman road in central Italy.
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The Via Salaria was an ancient Roman road in Italy.
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Via Severiana was an ancient Roman road in central Italy leading from Latium to Campania (now in Lazio), running southeast from Ostia to Terracina, a distance of 80 Roman miles (c.) along the coast.
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Via Tiburtina is an ancient road in Italy leading east-northeast from Rome to Tivoli (Latin, Tibur).
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Via Traiana The Via Traiana was an ancient Roman road.
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The Via Traiana Nova (previously known as the Via Regia) was an ancient Roman road built by the emperor Trajan in the province of Arabia Petraea, from Aqaba on the Red Sea to Bostra.
New!!: Roman roads and Via Traiana Nova ·
Viamala or Via Mala (which in Romansh literally means "bad path") is an ancient and notorious section of a path along the Hinterrhein River between Zillis-Reischen and Thusis in the Canton of Graubünden.
New!!: Roman roads and Viamala ·
Vibo Telecom Inc. is a 3G mobile network operator in Taiwan.
New!!: Roman roads and Vibo Telecom ·
In ancient Rome, the vicus (plural vici) was a neighborhood.
New!!: Roman roads and Vicus ·
The Vigintisexviri (sing. vigintisexvir) was a college (collegium) of minor magistrates (magistratus minores) in the Roman Republic; the name literally means "Twenty-Six Men".
New!!: Roman roads and Vigintisexviri ·
A villa was originally an ancient Roman upper-class country house.
New!!: Roman roads and Villa ·
Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (born c. 80–70 BC, died after c. 15 BC), commonly known as Vitruvius, was a Roman author, architect, civil engineer and military engineer during the 1st century BC, known for his multi-volume work entitled De Architectura.
New!!: Roman roads and Vitruvius ·
New!!: Roman roads and Watling Street ·