132 relations: A, Acute accent, Adobe Creative Suite, Adobe Glyph List, Adobe InDesign, Adobe Systems, Allophone, Angoulême, Arial, Â, Î, Ă, B, Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu, Breve, C, Charis SIL, Circumflex, Close central unrounded vowel, Comma, Communist state, Computer Modern, Cork encoding, D, D-comma, DejaVu fonts, Dental and alveolar flaps, Dental, alveolar and postalveolar trills, Deus, Device independent file format, Diacritic, Diana (mythology), Dilema veche, Diphthong, Dominus (title), Dvips, E, Education in Romania, Elena Ceaușescu, European Portuguese, European Union, F, Fedora (operating system), G, Gazeta Sporturilor, Glyph, H, Hard sign, Homograph, Homophone, ..., Humerus, I, Imperator, International Phonetic Alphabet, ISO/IEC 8859, ISO/IEC 8859-16, ISO/IEC 8859-2, Istanbul, J, K, L, LaTeX, Latin, Latin alphabet, Letter case, Liberation fonts, Linux Libertine, M, Mateiu Caragiale, Mergenthaler Linotype Company, Microsoft Sans Serif, Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet, Munich, N, NATO phonetic alphabet, Nicholas Mavrogenes, Nicolae Ceaușescu, Nomenklatura, O, OpenType, Orthography, P, Palatalization (phonetics), Pango, Passer, PDF, PdfTeX, Pecica, People's Republic, Phonology, Polirom, Polish language, PostScript fonts, Proper noun, Q, Quasar, R, Red Hat, Romanian Academy, Romanian Braille, Romanian Cyrillic alphabet, Romanian language, România Literară, S, S-comma, Segoe, Semivowel, Socialist Republic of Romania, Soft sign, Spanish language, Spelling reform, Stress (linguistics), T, T-comma, Tahoma (typeface), Timpul, Trebuchet MS, Triphthong, U, Unicode, Universul, V, Verdana, W, Watt, Windows Glyph List 4, Writers' Union of Romania, X, XeTeX, Y, Yacht, Z. Expand index (82 more) » « Shrink index
A (named, plural As, A's, as, a's or aes) is the first letter and the first vowel of the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The acute accent (´) is a diacritic used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek scripts.
Adobe Creative Suite (CS) was a software suite of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications developed by Adobe Systems.
The Adobe Glyph List (AGL) is a mapping of 4,281 glyph names to one or more Unicode characters.
Adobe InDesign is a desktop publishing software application produced by Adobe Systems.
Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.
In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds, or phones, or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.
Angoulême (Poitevin-Saintongeais: Engoulaeme; Engoleime) is a commune, the capital of the Charente department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Arial, sometimes marketed or displayed in software as Arial MT, is a sans-serif typeface and set of computer fonts.
Â, â (a-circumflex) is a letter of the Inari Sami, Romanian, and Vietnamese alphabets.
Î, î (i-circumflex) is a letter in the Friulian, Kurdish, and Romanian alphabets.
Ă (upper case) or ă (lower case), usually referred to in English as A-breve, is a letter used in standard Romanian language, Vietnamese language and Chuvash language orthographies.
B or b (pronounced) is the second letter of the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu (26 February 1838 &ndash) was a Romanian writer and philologist, who pioneered many branches of Romanian philology and history.
A breve (less often;; neuter form of the Latin brevis “short, brief”) is the diacritic mark ˘, shaped like the bottom half of a circle.
C is the third letter in the English alphabet and a letter of the alphabets of many other writing systems which inherited it from the Latin alphabet.
Charis SIL is a transitional serif typeface developed by SIL International based on Bitstream Charter, one of the first fonts designed for laser printers.
The circumflex is a diacritic in the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts that is used in the written forms of many languages and in various romanization and transcription schemes.
The close central unrounded vowel, or high central unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in some languages.
The comma is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages.
A Communist state (sometimes referred to as workers' state) is a state that is administered and governed by a single party, guided by Marxist–Leninist philosophy, with the aim of achieving communism.
Computer Modern is the original family of typefaces used by the typesetting program TeX.
The Cork (also known as T1 or EC) encoding is a character encoding used for encoding glyphs in fonts.
D (named dee) is the fourth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
D̦ d̦ (D-comma) is a letter that was part of the Romanian alphabet to represent the sound or if it was derived from a Latin d (e.g. d̦i, pronounced came from Latin die, day).
The DejaVu fonts are modifications of the Bitstream Vera fonts designed for greater coverage of Unicode, as well as providing more styles.
The alveolar tap or flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The alveolar trill is a type of consonantal sound, used in many spoken languages.
Deus is Latin for "god" or "deity".
The device independent file format (DVI) is the output file format of the TeX typesetting program, designed by David R. Fuchs and implemented by Donald E. Knuth in 1982.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
Diana (Classical Latin) was the goddess of the hunt, the moon, and nature in Roman mythology, associated with wild animals and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control animals.
Dilema veche (English: "Old Dilemma") is a Romanian weekly magazine that covers culture, social topics, and politics.
A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.
Dominus is the Latin word for master or owner.
dvips is a computer program that converts the Device Independent file format (DVI) output of TeX typography into a printable or otherwise presentable form.
E (named e, plural ees) is the fifth letter and the second vowel in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Education in Romania is based on a free-tuition, egalitarian system.
Elena Ceaușescu (née Lenuța Petrescu; 7 January 1916 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian communist politician who was the wife of Nicolae Ceaușescu, President of the Socialist Republic of Romania.
European Portuguese (português europeu), also known as Lusitanian Portuguese (português lusitano) and Portuguese of Portugal (português de Portugal) in Brazil, or even “Portuguese Portuguese” refers to the Portuguese language spoken in Portugal.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
F (named ef) is the sixth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Fedora is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat.
G (named gee) is the 7th letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Gazeta Sporturilor (Romanian for "The Sports Gazette") is a daily Romanian newspaper, and the country's largest and most read sports-related publication.
In typography, a glyph is an elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols, intended to represent a readable character for the purposes of writing.
H (named aitch or, regionally, haitch, plural aitches)"H" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "aitch" or "haitch", op.
The letter Ъ (italics Ъ, ъ) of the Cyrillic script, also spelled jer or er, is known as the hard sign (твёрдый знак tvjórdyj znak) in the modern Russian and Rusyn alphabets, as er golyam (ер голям, "big er") in the Bulgarian alphabet, and as debelo jer (дебело їер, "fat yer") in pre-reform Serbian orthography.
A homograph (from the ὁμός, homós, "same" and γράφω, gráphō, "write") is a word that shares the same written form as another word but has a different meaning.
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.
The humerus (plural: humeri) is a long bone in the arm or forelimb that runs from the shoulder to the elbow.
I (named i, plural ies) is the ninth letter and the third vowel in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The Latin word imperator derives from the stem of the verb imperare, meaning ‘to order, to command’.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
ISO/IEC 8859 is a joint ISO and IEC series of standards for 8-bit character encodings.
ISO/IEC 8859-16:2001, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 16: Latin alphabet No.
ISO/IEC 8859-2:1999, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 2: Latin alphabet No.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
J is the tenth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
K (named kay) is the eleventh letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
L (named el) is the twelfth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet, used in words such as lagoon, lantern, and less.
LaTeX (or; a shortening of Lamport TeX) is a document preparation system.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule) and smaller lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or more formally minuscule) in the written representation of certain languages.
Liberation is the collective name of four TrueType font families: Liberation Sans, Liberation Sans Narrow, Liberation Serif and Liberation Mono.
Linux Libertine is a digital typeface created by the Libertine Open Fonts Project, which aims to create free and open alternatives to proprietary typefaces such as Times New Roman.
M (named em) is the thirteenth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Mateiu Ion Caragiale (also credited as Matei or Matheiu; Mateiŭ is an antiquated version;Sorin Antohi,, in Tr@nsit online, Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen, Nr. 21/2002 – January 17, 1936) was a Romanian poet and prose writer, best known for his novel Craii de Curtea-Veche, which portrays the milieu of boyar descendants before and after World War I. Caragiale's style, associated with Symbolism, the Decadent movement of the fin de siècle, and early modernism, was an original element in the Romanian literature of the interwar period.
The Mergenthaler Linotype Company is a corporation founded in the United States in 1886 to market the Linotype machine, a system to cast metal type in lines (linecaster) invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler.
Microsoft Sans Serif is a TrueType font introduced with Windows 2000.
The Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet is a Cyrillic alphabet designed for the Moldovan language in the Soviet Union and was in official use from 1924 to 1932 and 1938 to 1989 (and still in use today in the Moldovan region of Transnistria).
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
N (named en) is the fourteenth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The NATO phonetic alphabet, officially denoted as the International Radiotelephony Spelling Alphabet, and also commonly known as the ICAO phonetic alphabet, and in a variation also known officially as the ITU phonetic alphabet and figure code, is the most widely used radiotelephone spelling alphabet.
Nicholas Mavrogenes (or Mavrogenous; Νικόλαος Μαυρογένης Nikolaos Mavrogenis (Greek: "Blackbeard"), Nicolae Mavrogheni; died 1790) was a Phanariote Prince of Wallachia (reigned 1786–1789).
Nicolae Ceaușescu (26 January 1918 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian Communist politician.
The nomenklatura (p; nomenclatura) were a category of people within the Soviet Union and other Eastern Bloc countries who held various key administrative positions in the bureaucracy, running all spheres of those countries' activity: government, industry, agriculture, education, etc., whose positions were granted only with approval by the communist party of each country or region.
O (named o, plural oes) is the 15th letter and the fourth vowel in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
OpenType is a format for scalable computer fonts.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
P (named pee) is the 16th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
In phonetics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.
Pango (stylized as Παν語) is a text layout engine library which works with the HarfBuzz shaping engine for displaying multi-language text.
Passer is a genus of sparrows, also known as the true sparrows.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
The computer program pdfTeX is an extension of Knuth's typesetting program TeX, and was originally written and developed into a publicly usable product by Hàn Thế Thành as a part of the work for his PhD thesis at the Faculty of Informatics, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
Pecica (Pécska; Petschka; Печка/Pečka) is a town in Arad County, Romania.
"People's Republic" is a title used by some sovereign states with republican constitutions.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
Polirom or Editura Polirom ("Polirom" Publishing House) is a Romanian publishing house with a tradition of publishing classics of international literature and also various titles in the fields of social sciences, such as psychology, sociology and anthropology.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
PostScript fonts are font files encoded in outline font specifications developed by Adobe Systems for professional digital typesetting.
A proper noun is a noun that in its primary application refers to a unique entity, such as London, Jupiter, Sarah, or Microsoft, as distinguished from a common noun, which usually refers to a class of entities (city, planet, person, corporation), or non-unique instances of a specific class (a city, another planet, these persons, our corporation).
Q (named cue) is the 17th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
A quasar (also known as a QSO or quasi-stellar object) is an extremely luminous active galactic nucleus (AGN).
R (named ar/or) is the 18th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Red Hat, Inc. is an American multinational software company providing open-source software products to the enterprise community.
The Romanian Academy (Academia Română) is a cultural forum founded in Bucharest, Romania, in 1866.
Romanian Braille is the braille alphabet of the Romanian language.
The Romanian Cyrillic alphabet is the Cyrillic alphabet that was used to write the Romanian language before 1860–1862, when it was officially replaced by a Latin-based Romanian alphabet.
Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is an East Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
România Literară is a cultural and literary magazine from Romania.
S (named ess, plural esses) is the 19th letter in the Modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
S-comma (majuscule: Ș, minuscule: ș) is a letter which is part of the Romanian alphabet, used to represent the sound, the voiceless postalveolar fricative (like sh in shoe).
Segoe is a typeface, or family of fonts, that is best known for its use by Microsoft.
In phonetics and phonology, a semivowel or glide, also known as a non-syllabic vocoid, is a sound that is phonetically similar to a vowel sound but functions as the syllable boundary, rather than as the nucleus of a syllable.
The Socialist Republic of Romania (Republica Socialistă România, RSR) refers to Romania under Marxist-Leninist one-party Communist rule that existed officially from 1947 to 1989.
The soft sign (Ь, ь, italics Ь, ь; Russian: мягкий знак) also known as the front yer or front er, is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
A spelling reform is a deliberate, often officially sanctioned or mandated change to spelling rules of a language.
In linguistics, and particularly phonology, stress or accent is relative emphasis or prominence given to a certain syllable in a word, or to a certain word in a phrase or sentence.
T (named tee) is the 20th letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
T-comma (majuscule: Ț, minuscule: ț) is a letter which is part of the Romanian alphabet, used to represent the Romanian language sound, the voiceless alveolar affricate (like ts in bolts).
Tahoma is a humanist sans-serif typeface that Matthew Carter designed for Microsoft Corporation.
Timpul (Romanian for "The Time") is a literary magazine published in Romania.
Trebuchet MS is a sans-serif typeface that Vincent Connare designed for the Microsoft Corporation in 1996.
In phonetics, a triphthong (from Greek τρίφθογγος, "triphthongos", literally "with three sounds," or "with three tones") is a monosyllabic vowel combination involving a quick but smooth movement of the articulator from one vowel quality to another that passes over a third.
U (named u, plural ues) is the 21st letter and the fifth vowel in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
Universul was a mass-circulation newspaper in Romania.
V (named vee) is the 22nd letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Verdana is a humanist sans-serif typeface designed by Matthew Carter for Microsoft Corporation, with hand-hinting done by Thomas Rickner, then at Monotype.
W (named double-u,Pronounced plural double-ues) is the 23rd letter of the modern English and ISO basic Latin alphabets.
The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.
Windows Glyph List 4, or more commonly WGL4 for short, also known as the Pan-European character set, is a character repertoire on recent Microsoft operating systems comprising 656 Unicode characters.
The Writers' Union of Romania, founded in March 1949, is a professional association of writers in Romania.
X (named ex, plural exes) is the 24th and antepenultimate letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
XeTeX (or; see also Pronouncing and writing "TeX") is a TeX typesetting engine using Unicode and supporting modern font technologies such as OpenType, Graphite and Apple Advanced Typography (AAT).
Y (named wye, plural wyes) is the 25th and penultimate letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
A yacht is a watercraft used for pleasure or sports.
Z (named zed or zee "Z", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "zee", op. cit.) is the 26th and final letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.