86 relations: Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Althaea (plant), Aluminium, Aurel Vlaicu, Banknotes of the Romanian leu, Bundesdruckerei, Carrefour, Central University Library of Iași, Coins of the Romanian leu, Cupronickel, Curtea de Argeș Cathedral, Dianthus caryophyllus, Domnitor, Economy of Romania, Euro, Fifty bani, Fifty lei, Five bani, Five hundred lei, Five lei, Gentiana asclepiadea, George Enescu, Gold standard, Goznak, Hamangia culture, History of coins in Romania, Ion Luca Caragiale, ISO 4217, Latin Monetary Union, Leontopodium nivale, Lucian Blaga, Magnesium, Michael I of Romania, Middle class, Mihai Eminescu, Monetăria Statului, Mugur Isărescu, Napoleons, Victoria, National Bank of Romania, National Geographic, National Theatre Bucharest, Nationalization in Romania, Nazi Germany, Nickel, Nicolae Ceaușescu, Nicolae Grigorescu, Nicolae Iorga, Oltenia, One ban, One hundred lei, ..., One leu, Papaver rhoeas, Polymer banknote, Red Army, Reichsbank, Reichsmark, Romania, Romania and the euro, Romanian Athenaeum, Romanian language, Russian ruble, Saint Petersburg Mint, Silver, Social class, Socialist Republic of Romania, Solar eclipse of August 11, 1999, Sovereign (British coin), Soviet Union, Supply shock, Ten bani, Ten lei, Thaler, Tilia, Timpul, Transnistria Governorate, Turkish lira, Two hundred lei, Two thousand lei, United Principalities, United States dollar, Upper class, Viola odorata, Wallachia, Watermill, World War II, Zinc. Expand index (36 more) » « Shrink index
Alexandru Ioan Cuza (or Alexandru Ioan I, also anglicised as Alexander John Cuza; 20 March 1820 – 15 May 1873) was Prince of Moldavia, Prince of Wallachia, and later Domnitor (Ruler) of the Romanian Principalities.
Althaea is a genus of 6–12 species of perennial herbs native to Europe, North Africa and western Asia.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Aurel Vlaicu (November 19, 1882 – September 13, 1913) was a Romanian engineer, inventor, airplane constructor and early pilot.
Since 1867 there have been four successive currencies in Romania known as the leu (plural lei).
Bundesdruckerei ("Federal Printing Office") is a German manufacturer of banknotes, stamps, identity cards, passports, visas, driving licences, and vehicle registration certificates.
Carrefour S.A. is a French multinational retailer headquartered in Boulogne Billancourt, France, in the Hauts-de-Seine Department near Paris.
The Mihai Eminescu Central University Library of Iași (Biblioteca Centrală Universitară "Mihai Eminescu" din Iași) serves the University of Iași in Romania.
The Coins of the Romanian leu have been issued since the introduction of the Romanian leu in 1867.
Cupronickel (also known as copper-nickel) is an alloy of copper that contains nickel and strengthening elements, such as iron and manganese.
The Cathedral of Curtea de Argeș (early 16th century) is a Romanian Orthodox cathedral in Curtea de Argeș, Romania.
Dianthus caryophyllus, the carnation or clove pink, is a species of Dianthus.
Domnitor (pl. Domnitori) was the official title of the ruler of Romania between 1862 and 1881.
Romania, as part of the European Union single market, is a fast developing, upper-middle income mixed economy with a very high Human Development Index and a skilled labour force, the 16th largest in the European Union by total nominal GDP and the 13th largest based on purchasing power parity.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
The fifty-bani coin is a coin of the Romanian leu.
The fifty-lei banknote is one of the circulating denomination of the Romanian leu.
The five bani coin is a coin of the Romanian leu.
The five hundred lei banknote is the highest of the circulating denomination of the Romanian leu.
The five lei banknote is one of the circulating denomination of the Romanian leu.
Gentiana asclepiadea, the willow gentian, is a species of flowering plant of the genus Gentiana in the family Gentianaceae, native to central and eastern Europe from primarily mountain (montane) woodland though it does occur in less wooded open pasture in some areas, perhaps persisting after woodland clearance.
George Enescu (19 August 1881 – 4 May 1955), known in France as Georges Enesco, was a Romanian composer, violinist, pianist, conductor, and teacher.
A gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is based on a fixed quantity of gold.
Joint Stock Company "Goznak" (short for Государственный знак, or State Insignia) is a Joint Stock Company in Russia, responsible for R&D as well as manufacturing in security products, including banknotes, coins, stamps, ID-cards, secure documents, state orders and medals, as well as providing secure IT services.
The Hamangia culture is a Late Neolithic archaeological culture of Dobruja (Romania and Bulgaria) between the Danube and the Black Sea and Muntenia in the south.
The history of coins in the area that is now Romania spans over a 2500-year period; coins were first introduced in significant numbers to this area by the Greeks, through their colonies on the Black Sea shore.
Ion Luca Caragiale (commonly referred to as I. L. Caragiale; According to his birth certificate, published and discussed by Constantin Popescu-Cadem in Manuscriptum, Vol. VIII, Nr. 2, 1977, p.179-184 – 9 June 1912) was a Wallachian, later Romanian playwright, short story writer, poet, theater manager, political commentator and journalist.
ISO 4217 is a standard first published by International Organization for Standardization in 1978, which delineates currency designators, country codes (alpha and numeric), and references to minor units in three tables.
The Latin Monetary Union (LMU) was a 19th-century attempt to unify several European currencies into a single currency that could be used in all the member states, at a time when most national currencies were still made out of gold and silver.
Leontopodium nivale, commonly called edelweiss (English pronunciation), is a well-known mountain flower, belonging to the daisy or sunflower family, Asteraceae.
Lucian Blaga (9 May 1895 – 6 May 1961) was a Romanian philosopher, poet, playwright and novelist.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Michael I (Mihai I; 25 October 1921 – 5 December 2017) was the last King of Romania, reigning from 20 July 1927 to 8 June 1930 and again from 6 September 1940 until his abdication on 30 December 1947.
The middle class is a class of people in the middle of a social hierarchy.
Mihai Eminescu (born Mihail Eminovici; 15 January 1850 – 15 June 1889) was a Romantic poet, novelist and journalist, generally regarded as the most famous and influential Romanian poet.
The State Mint (Monetăria Statului) is the national mint of Romania.
Constantin Mugur Isărescu (born 1 August 1949) is the Governor of the National Bank of Romania, a position he held since September 1990, with the exception of an eleven months period (22 December 1999 to 28 November 2000), during which he served as Prime Minister of Romania.
Napoleons is a town in Victoria, Australia in the Golden Plains Shire local government area, west of the state capital, Melbourne.
The National Bank of Romania (Banca Națională a României, BNR) is the central bank of Romania and was established in April 1880.
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
The National Theatre Bucharest (Teatrul Naţional "Ion Luca Caragiale" Bucureşti) is one of the national theatres of Romania, located in the capital city of Bucharest.
The nationalization of the means of production was a measure taken by Romania's new Communist authorities in order to lay the foundation of socialism.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
Nicolae Ceaușescu (26 January 1918 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian Communist politician.
Nicolae Grigorescu (15 May 1838 – 21 July 1907) was one of the founders of modern Romanian painting.
Nicolae Iorga (sometimes Neculai Iorga, Nicolas Jorga, Nicolai Jorga or Nicola Jorga, born Nicu N. Iorga;Iova, p. xxvii. January 17, 1871 – November 27, 1940) was a Romanian historian, politician, literary critic, memoirist, poet and playwright.
Oltenia (also called Lesser Wallachia in antiquated versions, with the alternate Latin names Wallachia Minor, Wallachia Alutana, Wallachia Caesarea between 1718 and 1739) is a historical province and geographical region of Romania in western Wallachia.
The Romanian one-ban coin is a unit of currency equalling one one-hundredth of a Romanian leu.
The one hundred lei banknote is one of the circulating denomination of the Romanian leu.
The current one leu banknote is the smallest circulating denomination of the Romanian leu.
Papaver rhoeas (common names include common poppy, corn poppy, corn rose, field poppy, Flanders poppy or red poppy) is an annual herbaceous species of flowering plant in the poppy family, Papaveraceae.
Polymer banknotes are banknotes made from a polymer such as biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP).
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The was the central bank of Germany from 1876 until 1945.
The Reichsmark (sign: ℛℳ) was the currency in Germany from 1924 until 20 June 1948 in West Germany, where it was replaced with the Deutsche Mark, and until 23 June in East Germany when it was replaced by the East German mark.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Romania is required by its EU accession agreement to replace the current national currency, the Romanian leu, with the euro, as soon as Romania fulfills all of the six nominal euro convergence criteria.
The Romanian Athenaeum (Ateneul Român) is a concert hall in the center of Bucharest, Romania and a landmark of the Romanian capital city.
Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is an East Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
The Russian ruble or rouble (рубль rublʹ, plural: рубли́ rubli; sign: ₽, руб; code: RUB) is the currency of the Russian Federation, the two partially recognized republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia and the two unrecognized republics of Donetsk and Luhansk.
Saint Petersburg Mint (Санкт-Петербу́ргский моне́тный двор) is one of the world's largest mints.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
A social class is a set of subjectively defined concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle and lower classes.
The Socialist Republic of Romania (Republica Socialistă România, RSR) refers to Romania under Marxist-Leninist one-party Communist rule that existed officially from 1947 to 1989.
A total solar eclipse occurred on 11 August 1999 with an eclipse magnitude of 1.029.
The sovereign is a gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of one pound sterling.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A supply shock is an event that suddenly increases or decreases the supply of a commodity or service, or of commodities and services in general.
The ten-bani coin is a coin of the Romanian leu.
The ten lei banknote is one of the circulating denomination of the Romanian leu.
The thaler was a silver coin used throughout Europe for almost four hundred years.
Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere.
Timpul (Romanian for "The Time") is a literary magazine published in Romania.
The Transnistria Governorate (Guvernământul Transnistriei) was a Romanian-administered territory between Dniester and Southern Bug (Buh), conquered by the Axis Powers from the Soviet Union during Operation Barbarossa and occupied from 19 August 1941 to 29 January 1944.
The Turkish lira (Türk lirası; sign: ₺; code: TRY; usually abbreviated as TL) is the currency of Turkey and the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
The two hundred lei banknote is one of the circulating denomination of the Romanian leu.
In celebration of the total solar eclipse of August 11, 1999, the National Bank of Romania (BNR) decided to issue a commemorative two thousand Romanian lei banknote.
The United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia was the official name of the personal union which later became Romania, adopted in 1859 when Alexandru Ioan Cuza was elected as the Domnitor (Ruling Prince) of both territories, which were still vassals of the Ottoman Empire.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The upper class in modern societies is the social class composed of people who hold the highest social status, and usuall are also the wealthiest members of society, and also wield the greatest political power.
Viola odorata is a species of the genus Viola, native to Europe and Asia, but has also been introduced to North America and Australia.
Wallachia or Walachia (Țara Românească; archaic: Țeara Rumânească, Romanian Cyrillic alphabet: Цѣра Рȣмѫнѣскъ) is a historical and geographical region of Romania.
A watermill or water mill is a mill that uses hydropower.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.