106 relations: Acca Larentia, Aeneas, Aeneid, Agostino Carracci, Alba Longa, Amulius, Ancient Rome, Andrea Carandini, Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson, Annibale Carracci, Antemnae, Asylum (antiquity), Étienne-Barthélémy Garnier, Back-formation, Basilica Aemilia, Bride kidnapping, Caenina (town), Capitoline Hill, Celeres, Charles Christian Nahl, Classics, Consualia, Crustumerium, Cultural anthropology, Curia, Ennius, Etruscan civilization, Evander of Pallene, Fasti (poem), Fasti Antiates Maiores, Faustulus, Fidenae, Flamen, Flamen Quirinalis, Fornacalia, Founding of Rome, Francesco Bartolozzi, Giambologna, Giovanni Battista Cipriani, Guercino, H. A. Guerber, Hellanicus of Lesbos, Hersilia, Il Sodoma, Jacopo Ligozzi, Jacques Réattu, Jacques-Louis David, Johann Heinrich Schönfeld, Julio-Claudian dynasty, Jupiter (mythology), ..., King of Rome, Kings of Alba Longa, Lacus Curtius, Latinus, Latium, Laurentum, Lavinium, Logographer (history), Lucilia (gens), Ludovico Carracci, Lupercal, Magna Graecia, Magnani, Marcus Terentius Varro, Mars (mythology), Metamorphoses, Mos maiorum, Murus Romuli, Mythology, Nicolas Poussin, Numa Pompilius, Numitor, Origin myth, Ovid, Palatine Hill, Parilia, Patrician (ancient Rome), Peter Paul Rubens, Plebs, Plutarch, Prix de Rome, Proculus Julius, Quintus Fabius Pictor, Quirinus, Rhea Silvia, Roman Senate, Roman tribe, Sabines, Sebastiano Ricci, Seven hills of Rome, She-wolf (Roman mythology), Spelt, Spolia opima, Tarpeia, Temple of Jupiter Stator (8th century BC), The Intervention of the Sabine Women, The Rape of the Sabine Women, Theodoor van Thulden, Tiber, Titus Tatius, Tribune, Troy, Twelve Olympians, Veii, Vestal Virgin, Virgil. Expand index (56 more) » « Shrink index
Acca Larentia or Acca Larentina was a mythical woman, later goddess, in Roman mythology whose festival, the Larentalia, was celebrated on December 23.
In Greco-Roman mythology, Aeneas (Greek: Αἰνείας, Aineías, possibly derived from Greek αἰνή meaning "praised") was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite (Venus).
The Aeneid (Aeneis) is a Latin epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC, that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who travelled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans.
Agostino Carracci (or Caracci) (16 August 1557 – 22 March 1602) was an Italian painter and printmaker.
Alba Longa (occasionally written Albalonga in Italian sources) was an ancient city of Latium in central Italy, southeast of Rome, in the Alban Hills.
In Roman mythology, Amulius was king of Alba Longa who ordered the death of his infant, twin grandnephews Romulus, the eventual founder and king of Rome, and Remus.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Count Andrea Carandini (born November 3, 1937) is an Italian professor of archaeology specialising in ancient Rome.
Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy (or de Roucy), also known as Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson (29 January 17679 December 1824),Long, George.
Annibale Carracci (November 3, 1560 – July 15, 1609) was an Italian painter, active in Bologna and later in Rome.
Antemnae was a town and Roman colony of ancient Latium in Italy.
In ancient Greece and Rome, an asylum referred to a place where people facing persecution could seek refuge.
Étienne-Barthélémy Garnier (24 August 1759 - 16 November 1849) was a French painter of historical subjects.
In etymology, back-formation is the process of creating a new lexeme by removing actual or supposed affixes.
The Basilica Aemilia (Basilica Emilia) was a civil basilica in the Roman Forum, in Rome, Italy.
Bride kidnapping, also known as marriage by abduction or marriage by capture, is a practice in which a man abducts the woman he wishes to marry.
Caenina was a town nearby ancient Rome, in Latium.
The Capitoline Hill (Mōns Capitōlīnus; Campidoglio), between the Forum and the Campus Martius, is one of the Seven Hills of Rome.
__NoToC__ The celeres were the bodyguard of the Kings of Rome.
Carl Christian Heinrich Nahl (October 18, 1818 – March 1, 1878), later known as Charles Nahl, and sometimes Karl Nahl, Charles Christian Nahl or Charles C. Nahl, was a German-born painter who is called California's first significant artist.
Classics or classical studies is the study of classical antiquity.
The Consuales Ludi or Consualia was the name of two ancient Roman festivals in honor of Consus, a tutelary deity of the harvest and stored grain.
Crustumerium (or Crustuminum) was an ancient town of Latium, on the edge of the Sabine territory, near the headwaters of the Allia, not far from the Tiber.
Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans.
Curia (Latin plural curiae) in ancient Rome referred to one of the original groupings of the citizenry, eventually numbering 30, and later every Roman citizen was presumed to belong to one.
Quintus Ennius (c. 239 – c. 169 BC) was a writer and poet who lived during the Roman Republic.
The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.
In Roman mythology, Evander (from Greek Εὔανδρος Euandros, "good man" or "strong man": an etymology used by poets to emphasize the hero's virtue) was a culture hero from Arcadia, Greece, who brought the Greek pantheon, laws, and alphabet to Italy, where he founded the city of Pallantium on the future site of Rome, sixty years before the Trojan War.
The Fasti (Fastorum Libri Sex, "Six Books of the Calendar"), sometimes translated as The Book of Days or On the Roman Calendar, is a six-book Latin poem written by the Roman poet Ovid and published in 8 AD.
The Fasti Antiates maiores are a painted wall-calendar from the late Roman Republic, the oldest archaeologically attested local Roman calendar and the only such calendar known from before the Julian calendar reforms.
In Roman mythology, Faustulus was the shepherd who found the infants Romulus and Remus, who were being suckled by a she-wolf, known as Lupa, on the Palatine Hill.
Fidenae was an ancient town of Latium, situated about 8 km north of Rome on the Via Salaria, which ran between Rome and the Tiber.
In ancient Roman religion, a flamen was a priest assigned to one of fifteen deities with official cults during the Roman Republic.
In ancient Roman religion, the Flamen Quirinalis was the flamen devoted to the cult of god Quirinus.
The Fornacalia was an Ancient Roman religious festival celebrated in honour of the goddess Fornax, a divine personification of the oven (fornax), and was related to the proper baking of bread.
The founding of Rome can be investigated through archaeology, but traditional stories handed down by the ancient Romans themselves explain the earliest history of their city in terms of legend and myth.
Francesco Bartolozzi (Florence, 21 September 1727 – 7 March 1815, Lisbon) was an Italian engraver, whose most productive period was spent in London.
Giambologna (1529 – 13 August 1608) — born Jean Boulogne (and incorrectly known as Giovanni da Bologna or Giovanni Bologna) — was a Flemish sculptor based in Italy, celebrated for his marble and bronze statuary in a late Renaissance or Mannerist style.
Giovanni Battista Cipriani (1727 – 14 December 1785) was an Italian painter and engraver, who lived in England from 1755.
Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (February 8, 1591 – December 22, 1666), best known as Guercino, or il Guercino, was an Italian Baroque painter and draftsman from the region of Emilia, and active in Rome and Bologna.
Hélène Adeline Guerber (1859–1929), better known as H. A. Guerber, was a British historian most well known for her written histories of Germanic mythology.
Hellanicus (or Hellanikos) of Lesbos (Greek: Ἑλλάνικος ὁ Λέσβιος, Ἑllánikos ὁ Lésvios), also called Hellanicus of Mytilene (Greek: Ἑλλάνικος ὁ Μυτιληναῖος, Ἑllánikos ὁ Mutilēnaῖos) was an ancient Greek logographer who flourished during the latter half of the 5th century BC.
In Roman mythology, Hersilia was a figure in the foundation myth of Rome.
Il Sodoma (1477 – 14 February 1549) was the name given to the Italian Renaissance painter Giovanni Antonio Bazzi.
Jacopo Ligozzi (1547–1627) was an Italian painter, illustrator, designer, and miniaturist.
Jacques Réattu (3 August 1760, Arles - 7 April 1833, Arles) was a French painter and winner of the grand prix de Rome.
Jacques-Louis David (30 August 1748 – 29 December 1825) was a French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era.
Johann Heinrich Schönfeld (1609 – 1684) was a Baroque painter of Germany.
The Julio-Claudian dynasty was the first Roman imperial dynasty, consisting of the first five emperors—Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero—or the family to which they belonged.
Jupiter (from Iūpiter or Iuppiter, *djous “day, sky” + *patēr “father," thus "heavenly father"), also known as Jove gen.
The King of Rome (Rex Romae) was the chief magistrate of the Roman Kingdom.
The kings of Alba Longa, or Alban kings (Latin: reges Albani), were a series of legendary kings of Latium, who ruled from the ancient city of Alba Longa.
The Lacus Curtius ("Lake of Curtius"), Livius.org was a mysterious pit or pool in the ground in the Forum Romanum.
Latinus (Lătīnŭs; Λατῖνος) was a figure in both Greek and Roman mythology.
Latium is the region of central western Italy in which the city of Rome was founded and grew to be the capital city of the Roman Empire.
Laurentum was an ancient Roman city of Latium situated between Ostia and Lavinium, on the west coast of the Italian Peninsula southwest of Rome.
Lavinium was a port city of Latium, to the south of Rome, midway between the Tiber river at Ostia and Anzio.
The logographers (from the Ancient Greek λογογράφος, logographos, a compound of λόγος, logos, here meaning "story" or "prose", and γράφω, grapho, "write") were the Greek historiographers and chroniclers before Herodotus, "the father of history".
The gens Lucilia was a plebeian family at ancient Rome.
Ludovico (or Lodovico) Carracci (21 April 1555 – 13 November 1619) was an Italian, early-Baroque painter, etcher, and printmaker born in Bologna.
The Lupercal (from lupa, Latin for she-wolf) was a cave at the southwest foot of the Palatine Hill in Rome, located somewhere between the temple of Magna Mater and the Basilica di Sant'Anastasia al Palatino.
Magna Graecia (Latin meaning "Great Greece", Μεγάλη Ἑλλάς, Megálē Hellás, Magna Grecia) was the name given by the Romans to the coastal areas of Southern Italy in the present-day regions of Campania, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria and Sicily that were extensively populated by Greek settlers; particularly the Achaean settlements of Croton, and Sybaris, and to the north, the settlements of Cumae and Neapolis.
Magnani is an Italian-language occupational surname derived from the occupation of locksmith.
Marcus Terentius Varro (116 BC – 27 BC) was an ancient Roman scholar and writer.
In ancient Roman religion and myth, Mars (Mārs) was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome.
The Metamorphoses (Metamorphōseōn librī: "Books of Transformations") is a Latin narrative poem by the Roman poet Ovid, considered his magnum opus.
The mos maiorum ("ancestral custom" or "way of the ancestors," plural mores, cf. English "mores"; maiorum is the genitive plural of "greater" or "elder") is the unwritten code from which the ancient Romans derived their social norms.
Murus Romuli (Latin "Wall of Romulus") is the name given to a wall built to protect the Palatine Hill, the centermost of the Seven Hills of Rome, in one of the oldest parts of the city of Rome.
Mythology refers variously to the collected myths of a group of people or to the study of such myths.
Nicolas Poussin (June 1594 – 19 November 1665) was the leading painter of the classical French Baroque style, although he spent most of his working life in Rome.
Numa Pompilius (753–673 BC; reigned 715–673 BC) was the legendary second king of Rome, succeeding Romulus.
In Roman mythology, King Numitor of Alba Longa, was the son of Procas, descendant of Aeneas the Trojan, and father of Rhea Silvia and Lausus In 794 BC Procas died and was meant to be succeeded by Numitor.
An origin myth is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world.
Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
The Palatine Hill (Collis Palatium or Mons Palatinus; Palatino) is the centremost of the Seven Hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city.
''Festa di Pales, o L'estate'' (1783), a reimagining of the Festival of Pales by Joseph-Benoît Suvée In ancient Roman religion, the Parilia is a festival of rural character performed annually on 21 April, aimed at cleansing both sheep and shepherd.
The patricians (from patricius) were originally a group of ruling class families in ancient Rome.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist.
The plebs were, in ancient Rome, the general body of free Roman citizens who were not patricians, as determined by the census.
Plutarch (Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos,; c. CE 46 – CE 120), later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος) was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.
The Prix de Rome or Grand Prix de Rome was a French scholarship for arts students, initially for painters and sculptors, that was established in 1663 during the reign of Louis XIV of France.
Proculus Julius is a figure in the legendary history of the Roman Kingdom.
Quintus Fabius Pictor (flourished c. 200 BC; his birth has been estimated around 270 BC) was the earliest Roman historiographer and is considered the first of the annalists.
In Roman mythology and religion, Quirinus is an early god of the Roman state.
Rhea Silvia (also written as Rea Silvia), and also known as Ilia, was the mythical mother of the twins Romulus and Remus, who founded the city of Rome.
The Roman Senate (Senatus Romanus; Senato Romano) was a political institution in ancient Rome.
A tribus, or tribe, was a division of the Roman people, constituting the voting units of a legislative assembly of the Roman Republic.
The Sabines (Sabini; Σαβῖνοι Sabĩnoi; Sabini, all exonyms) were an Italic tribe which lived in the central Apennines of ancient Italy, also inhabiting Latium north of the Anio before the founding of Rome.
Sebastiano Ricci (1 August 165915 May 1734) was an Italian painter of the late Baroque school of Venice.
The seven hills of Rome (Sette colli di Roma, Septem colles/ montes Romae) east of the river Tiber form the geographical heart of Rome, within the walls of the city.
In the Roman foundation myth, it was a she-wolf that nursed and sheltered the twins Romulus and Remus after they were abandoned in the wild by order of King Amulius of Alba Longa.
Spelt (Triticum spelta; Triticum dicoccum), also known as dinkel wheat or hulled wheat, is a species of wheat cultivated since approximately 5000 BC.
The spolia opima ("rich spoils") were the armour, arms, and other effects that an ancient Roman general stripped from the body of an opposing commander slain in single combat.
In Roman mythology, Tarpeia, daughter of the Roman commander Spurius Tarpeius, was a Vestal virgin who betrayed the city of Rome to the Sabines at the time of their women's abduction for what she thought would be a reward of jewellery.
The Temple of Jupiter Stator was a sanctuary on the slope of the Capitoline Hill.
The Intervention of the Sabine Women is a 1799 painting by the French painter Jacques-Louis David, showing a legendary episode following the abduction of the Sabine women by the founding generation of Rome.
The Rape of the Sabine Women was an incident in Roman mythology in which the men of Rome committed a mass abduction of young women from the other cities in the region.
Theodoor van Thulden (1606–12 July 1669) was a Dutch Baroque artist from 's-Hertogenbosch in North Brabant who was active in that city and in Antwerp.
The Tiber (Latin Tiberis, Italian Tevere) is the third-longest river in Italy, rising in the Apennine Mountains in Emilia-Romagna and flowing through Tuscany, Umbria and Lazio, where it is joined by the river Aniene, to the Tyrrhenian Sea, between Ostia and Fiumicino.
According to the Roman foundation myth, Titus Tatius was the king of the Sabines from Cures and joint-ruler of Rome for several years.
Tribune was the title of various elected officials in ancient Rome.
Troy (Τροία, Troia or Τροίας, Troias and Ἴλιον, Ilion or Ἴλιος, Ilios; Troia and Ilium;Trōia is the typical Latin name for the city. Ilium is a more poetic term: Hittite: Wilusha or Truwisha; Truva or Troya) was a city in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, near (just south of) the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida.
relief (1st century BCendash1st century AD) depicting the twelve Olympians carrying their attributes in procession; from left to right, Hestia (scepter), Hermes (winged cap and staff), Aphrodite (veiled), Ares (helmet and spear), Demeter (scepter and wheat sheaf), Hephaestus (staff), Hera (scepter), Poseidon (trident), Athena (owl and helmet), Zeus (thunderbolt and staff), Artemis (bow and quiver), Apollo (lyre), from the Walters Art Museum.Walters Art Museum, http://art.thewalters.org/detail/38764 accession number 23.40. In ancient Greek religion and mythology, the twelve Olympians are the major deities of the Greek pantheon, commonly considered to be Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite, Hephaestus, Hermes, and either Hestia or Dionysus.
Veii (also Veius, Veio) was an important ancient Etruscan city situated on the southern limits of Etruria and only north-northwest of Rome, Italy.
In ancient Rome, the Vestals or Vestal Virgins (Latin: Vestālēs, singular Vestālis) were priestesses of Vesta, goddess of the hearth.
Publius Vergilius Maro (traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period.