69 relations: Abstract strategy game, Armenian language, Back-rank checkmate, Basic Chess Endings, Bastion, Battlement, Berserker, Bishop (chess), Board game, British Museum, Bruce Pandolfini, Cadency, Castling, Charge (heraldry), Chariot, Chaturanga, Checkmate, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess Life, Chess piece, Chess piece relative value, Compensation (chess), David Vincent Hooper, Draw (chess), Elephant, Eric Schiller, FIDE, Glossary of chess, Half-open file, Hans L. Bodlaender, Hebrew language, Hindi, Howard Staunton, Israel Albert Horowitz, José Raúl Capablanca, Kannada, Ken Whyld, Kenneth Harkness, King (chess), Knight (chess), Larry Evans (chess grandmaster), Lev Alburt, Lev Polugaevsky, Lewis chessmen, Lucena position, New Oxford American Dictionary, Nick de Firmian, Open file, Oxford English Dictionary, ..., Pawn (chess), Perpetual check, Persian language, Philidor position, Queen (chess), Rook and pawn versus rook endgame, Shatranj, Shogi, Siege tower, Staunton chess set, Susan Polgar, Tarrasch rule, The Chess Variant Pages, The exchange (chess), The Oxford Companion to Chess, Turret, Unicode, United States Chess Federation, Xiangqi. Expand index (19 more) » « Shrink index
An abstract strategy game is a strategy game that does not rely on a theme.
The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by the Armenians.
In chess, a back-rank checkmate (also known as the corridor mate) is a checkmate delivered by a rook or queen along a back rank (that is, the row on which the pieces stand at the start of the game) in which the mated king is unable to move up the board because the king is blocked by friendly pieces (usually pawns) on the second rank.
Basic Chess Endings (abbreviated BCE) is a book on chess endgames which was written by Grandmaster Reuben Fine and originally published on October 27, 1941.
A bastion or bulwark is a structure projecting outward from the curtain wall of a fortification, most commonly angular in shape and positioned at the corners.
A battlement in defensive architecture, such as that of city walls or castles, comprises a parapet (i.e., a defensive low wall between chest-height and head-height), in which gaps or indentations, which are often rectangular, occur at intervals to allow for the launch of arrows or other projectiles from within the defences.
"Berserkers" (or "berserks") were champion Norse warriors who are primarily reported in Icelandic sagas to have fought in a trance-like fury, a characteristic which later gave rise to the English word "berserk." These champions would often go into battle without mail coats.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
A board game is a tabletop game that involves counters or moved or placed on a pre-marked surface or "board", according to a set of rules.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
Bruce Pandolfini (born September 17, 1947) is an American chess author, teacher, and coach.
In heraldry, cadency is any systematic way of distinguishing otherwise identical coats of arms belonging to members of the same family.
Castling is a move in the game of chess involving a player's king and either of the player's original rooks.
In heraldry, a charge is any emblem or device occupying the field of an escutcheon (shield).
A chariot is a type of carriage driven by a charioteer using primarily horses to provide rapid motive power.
Chaturanga (चतुरङ्ग), or catur for short, is an ancient Indian strategy game which is commonly theorized to be the common ancestor of the board games chess, shogi, sittuyin, makruk, xiangqi and janggi.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
The monthly Chess Life and bi-monthly Chess Life Kids (formerly School Mates and Chess Life for Kids) are the official magazines published by the United States Chess Federation (US Chess).
A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess.
In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.
In chess, compensation is the typically short-term positional advantages a player has in exchange for typically material disadvantage.
David Vincent Hooper (31 August 1915 – May 1998), born in Reigate, was a British chess player and writer.
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.
Eric Schiller (born March 20, 1955 in New York City) is an American chess player, trainer, arbiter and one of the most prolific authors of books on chess in the 20th century.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
In chess, a half-open file (or semi-open file) is a with only pawns of one color.
Hans Leo Bodlaender (born April 21, 1960), retrieved 2012-02-18.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
Israel Albert Horowitz (often known as I. A. Horowitz or Al Horowitz) (November 15, 1907 in Brooklyn, New York – January 18, 1973) was a Jewish-American International Master of chess.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa and abroad.
Kenneth Whyld (6 March 1926 – 11 July 2003) was a British chess author and researcher, best known as the co-author (with David Hooper) of The Oxford Companion to Chess, a single-volume chess reference work in English.
Kenneth Harkness (byname of Stanley Edgar; November 12, 1896 – October 4, 1972) was a chess organizer.
In chess, the king (♔,♚) is the most important piece.
The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).
Larry Melvyn Evans (March 22, 1932 – November 15, 2010) was an American chess grandmaster, author, and journalist.
Lev Osipovich Alburt (born August 21, 1945) is a chess grandmaster, chess writer and chess coach.
Lev Abramovich Polugaevsky (Лев Абрамович Полугаевский; 20 November 1934 – 30 August 1995) was an International Grandmaster of chess and frequent contender for the World Championship, although he never achieved that title.
The Lewis chessmen (Lewisbrikkene; Fir-Tàilisg; Lewis chesmen) or Uig chessmen, named after the bay where they were found, are a group of distinctive 12th-century chess pieces, along with other gaming pieces, most of which are carved from walrus ivory.
The Lucena position is one of the most famous and important positions in chess endgame theory, where one side has a rook and a pawn and the defender has a rook.
The New Oxford university American Dictionary (NOAD) is a single-volume dictionary of American English compiled by American editors at the Oxford University Press.
Nicholas Ernest de Firmian (born July 26, 1957 in Fresno, California), is a chess grandmaster and three-time U.S. chess champion, winning in 1987 (with Joel Benjamin), 1995, and 1998.
An open file in chess is a with no pawns of either color on it.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.
In the game of chess, perpetual check is a situation in which one player can force a draw by an unending series of checks.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
The Philidor position (or Philidor's position) usually refers to an important chess endgame which illustrates a drawing technique when the defender has a king and rook versus a king, rook, and a pawn.
The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
The rook and pawn versus rook endgame is of fundamental importance to chess endgames,,,, and has been widely studied,. Precise play is usually required in these positions.
Shatranj (شطرنج, from Middle Persian chatrang) is an old form of chess, as played in the Persian Empire.
(), also known as Japanese chess or the Game of Generals, is a two-player strategy board game in the same family as chess, chaturanga, makruk, shatranj, janggi and xiangqi, and is the most popular of a family of chess variants native to Japan.
A siege tower or breaching tower (or in the Middle Ages, a belfryCastle: Stephen Biesty'sSections. Dorling Kindersley Pub (T); 1st American edition (September 1994). Siege towers were invented in 300 BC.) is a specialized siege engine, constructed to protect assailants and ladders while approaching the defensive walls of a fortification.
The Staunton chess set is composed of a particular style of chess pieces used to play the game of chess.
Susan Polgar (born April 19, 1969, as Polgár Zsuzsanna and often known as Zsuzsa Polgár) is a Hungarian-born American chess Grandmaster.
The Tarrasch rule is a general principle that applies in the majority of chess middlegames and endgames.
The Chess Variant Pages is a popular non-commercial Internet website devoted to chess variants.
The exchange in chess refers to a situation in which one player loses a minor piece (i.e. a bishop or knight) but captures the opponent's rook.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
In architecture, a turret (from Italian: torretta, little tower; Latin: turris, tower) is a small tower that projects vertically from the wall of a building such as a medieval castle.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
The United States Chess Federation (also known as US Chess or USCF) is the governing body for chess competition in the United States and represents the U.S. in FIDE, the World Chess Federation.
Xiangqi, also called Chinese chess, is a strategy board game for two players.