118 relations: Abseiling, Acrylate polymer, Acrylic fiber, Anchor, Ancient Egypt, Anno Domini, Aramid, Arborist, Belaying, Braid, Cable length, Capstan (nautical), Carrack, Chalk line, Chirality (physics), Clothes line, Coaxial cable, Coiling, Coir, Compressive strength, Construction, Cordage Institute, Corde lisse, Cotton, Date palm, Deformation (mechanics), Domenico Fontana, Dynamic rope, Egyptians, European Committee for Standardization, Fall arrest, Fiber, Fid, Fishing line, Flagellation, Flax, Fossil, Germany, Halyard, Hanging, Hawser, Hemp, Hose, International Climbing and Mountaineering Federation, International Year of Natural Fibres, ISO 2, Japanese bondage, Jute, Karlskrona, Kernmantle rope, ..., Kevlar, Knot, Lascaux, Leather, Leonardo da Vinci, Letter case, Linen, Liquid-crystal polymer, Manila hemp, Mary Rose, Mechanical advantage, Mission critical, Natural fiber, Nautical cable, Nylon, Obelisk, Optical fiber, Papyrus, Physical restraint, Pit fired pottery, Plain weave, Plying, Poaceae, Polyester, Polyethylene, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polypropylene, Prehistory, Pulley, Rayon, Rigging, Rock climbing, Rope bondage, Rope lock, Rope splicing, Ropewalk, Ropework, Running rigging, Safety-critical system, Sail, Seamanship, Sheet (sailing), Silk, Simple suspension bridge, Single-rope technique, Sisal, Skipping rope, Spinning (textiles), St. Peter's Square, Static rope, Straw, Synthetic fiber, Technora, Tightrope walking, Twaron, Twill, Twine, Ultimate tensile strength, Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene, Ultraviolet, Vectran, Weaving, Western culture, Whipping knot, Winch, Wire rope, Wool, Yarn. Expand index (68 more) » « Shrink index
An abseil, also called a rappel after its French name, is a controlled descent off a vertical drop, such as a rock face, using a rope.
Acrylate polymers belong to a group of polymers which could be referred to generally as plastics.
Acrylic fibers are synthetic fibers made from a polymer (polyacrylonitrile) with an average molecular weight of ~100,000, about 1900 monomer units.
An anchor is a device, normally made of metal, used to connect a vessel to the bed of a body of water to prevent the craft from drifting due to wind or current.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
Aramid fibers are a class of heat-resistant and strong synthetic fibers.
An arborist, tree surgeon, or (less commonly) arboriculturist, is a professional in the practice of arboriculture, which is the cultivation, management, and study of individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants in dendrology and horticulture.
A belayer is belaying behind a lead climber. Belaying refers to a variety of techniques climbers use to exert tension on a climbing rope so that a falling climber does not fall very far.
A braid (also referred to as a plait) is a complex structure or pattern formed by interlacing three or more strands of flexible material such as textile yarns, wire, or hair.
A cable length or length of cable is a nautical unit of measure equal to one tenth of a nautical mile or approximately 100 fathoms.
A capstan is a vertical-axled rotating machine developed for use on sailing ships to multiply the pulling force of seamen when hauling ropes, cables, and hawsers.
A carrack was a three- or four-masted ocean-going sailing ship that was developed in the 14th and 15th centuries in Europe.
A chalk line or chalk box is a tool for marking long, straight lines on relatively flat surfaces, much farther than is practical by hand or with a straightedge.
A chiral phenomenon is one that is not identical to its mirror image (see the article on mathematical chirality).
A clothes line or washing line is any type of rope, cord, or twine that has been stretched between two points (e.g. two sticks), outside or indoors, above the level of the ground.
Cross-sectional view of a coaxial cable Coaxial cable, or coax (pronounced), is a type of electrical cable that has an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer, surrounded by a tubular conducting shield.
A coiling or coil is a curve, helix, or spiral used for storing rope or cable in compact and reliable yet easily attainable form.
Coir, or coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses.
Compressive strength or compression strength is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads tending to reduce size, as opposed to tensile strength, which withstands loads tending to elongate.
Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.
The Cordage Institute, founded in 1920, is an international trade association of fiber rope manufacturers, their suppliers, and affiliated end-user organizations.
Corde lisse is an aerial circus skill or act that involves acrobatics on a vertically hanging rope.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.
Deformation in continuum mechanics is the transformation of a body from a reference configuration to a current configuration.
Domenico Fontana (154328 June 1607) was an Italian architect of the late Renaissance, born in today's Ticino.
A dynamic rope is a specially constructed, somewhat elastic rope used primarily in rock climbing, ice climbing, and mountaineering.
Egyptians (مَصريين;; مِصريّون; Ni/rem/en/kīmi) are an ethnic group native to Egypt and the citizens of that country sharing a common culture and a common dialect known as Egyptian Arabic.
The European Committee for Standardization (CEN, Comité Européen de Normalisation) is a public standards organization whose mission is to foster the economy of the European Union (EU) in global trading, the welfare of European citizens and the environment by providing an efficient infrastructure to interested parties for the development, maintenance and distribution of coherent sets of standards and specifications.
Fall arrest is the form of fall protection which involves the safe stopping of a person already falling.
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
A fid is a conical tool traditionally made of wood or bone.
A fishing line is a cord used or made for angling.
Flagellation (Latin flagellum, "whip"), flogging, whipping or lashing is the act of beating the human body with special implements such as whips, lashes, rods, switches, the cat o' nine tails, the sjambok, etc.
Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
In sailing, a halyard or halliard is a line (rope) that is used to hoist a ladder, sail, flag or yard.
Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose or ligature around the neck.
Hawser is a nautical term for a thick cable or rope used in mooring or towing a ship.
Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.
A hose is a flexible hollow tube designed to carry fluids from one location to another.
The International Climbing and Mountaineering Federation, commonly known by its French name Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme (UIAA, lit. International Union of Alpine Clubs) was founded in August 1932 in Chamonix, France when 20 mountaineering associations met for an alpine congress.
The United Nations General Assembly declared 2009 as the International Year of Natural Fibres, as well as the International Year of Astronomy.
ISO 2 is an international standard for direction of twist designation for yarns, complex yarns, slivers, slubbings, rovings, cordage, and related products.
means "tight binding," while literally means "the beauty of tight binding." Kinbaku is a Japanese style of bondage or BDSM which involves tying a person up using simple yet visually intricate patterns, usually with several pieces of thin rope (often jute, hemp or linen and generally around 6 mm in diameter, but sometimes as small as 4 mm, and between 7 – 8 m long).
Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads.
Karlskrona is a locality and the seat of Karlskrona Municipality, Blekinge County, Sweden with 35,212 inhabitants in 2010.
Kernmantle rope is rope constructed with its interior core protected by a woven exterior sheath designed to optimize strength, durability, and flexibility.
Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.
A knot is a method of fastening or securing linear material such as rope by tying or interweaving.
Lascaux (Grotte de Lascaux, "Lascaux Cave") is the setting of a complex of caves near the village of Montignac, in the department of Dordogne in southwestern France.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule) and smaller lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or more formally minuscule) in the written representation of certain languages.
Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.
Liquid-crystal polymers (LCPs) are a class of aromatic polymers.
Manila hemp is a type of buff-colored fiber obtained from Musa textilis, a relative of edible bananas, which is also called Manila hemp as well as abacá.
The Mary Rose is a carrack-type warship of the English Tudor navy of King Henry VIII.
Mechanical advantage is a measure of the force amplification achieved by using a tool, mechanical device or machine system.
A mission critical factor of a system is any factor (component, equipment, personnel, process, procedure, software, etc.) that is essential to business operation or to an organization.
Natural fibers or natural fibres (see spelling differences) are fibres that are produced by plants, animals, and geological processes.
A nautical cable is a band of tightly woven and clamped ropes, of a certain length, used during the age of sail for deep water anchoring, heavy lifting, ship to ship transfers and towing during blue sea sailing and other uses.
Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.
An obelisk (from ὀβελίσκος obeliskos; diminutive of ὀβελός obelos, "spit, nail, pointed pillar") is a tall, four-sided, narrow tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape or pyramidion at the top.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
Papyrus is a material similar to thick paper that was used in ancient times as a writing surface.
Physical restraint refers to means of purposely limiting or obstructing the freedom of a person's bodily movement.
Pit firing is the oldest known method for the firing of pottery.
Plain weave (also called tabby weave, linen weave or taffeta weave) is the most basic of three fundamental types of textile weaves (along with satin weave and twill).
In the textile arts, plying is a process used to create a strong, balanced yarn.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.
Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.
Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications.
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
A pulley is a wheel on an axle or shaft that is designed to support movement and change of direction of a taut cable or belt, or transfer of power between the shaft and cable or belt.
Rayon is a manufactured fiber made from regenerated cellulose fiber.
Rigging comprises the system of ropes, cables and chains, which support a sailing ship or sail boat's masts—standing rigging, including shrouds and stays—and which adjust the position of the vessel's sails and spars to which they are attached—the running rigging, including halyards, braces, sheets and vangs.
Rock climbing is an activity in which participants climb up, down or across natural rock formations or artificial rock walls.
Rope bondage, also referred to as ropeplay, is bondage involving the use of rope to restrict movement, wrap, suspend, or restrain a person, as part of BDSM activities.
In a theater fly system, a rope lock is a device used to prevent a rope, and the line set it controls, from moving.
Rope splicing in ropework is the forming of a semi-permanent joint between two ropes or two parts of the same rope by partly untwisting and then interweaving their strands.
A ropewalk is a long straight narrow lane, or a covered pathway, where long strands of material are laid before being twisted into rope.
Ropework or marlinespike seamanship are traditional umbrella terms for a skillset spanning the use, maintenance, and repair of rope.
Running rigging is the rigging of a sailing vessel that is used for raising, lowering, shaping and controlling the sails on a sailing vessel—as opposed to the standing rigging, which supports the mast and bowsprit.
A safety-critical system or life-critical system is a system whose failure or malfunction may result in one (or more) of the following outcomes.
A sail is a tensile structure—made from fabric or other membrane materials—that uses wind power to propel sailing craft, including sailing ships, sailboats, windsurfers, ice boats, and even sail-powered land vehicles.
Seamanship is the art of operating a ship or boat.
In sailing, a sheet is a line (rope, cable or chain) used to control the movable corner(s) (clews) of a sail.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
A simple suspension bridge (also rope bridge, swing bridge (in New Zealand), suspended bridge, hanging bridge and catenary bridge) is a primitive type of bridge that is supported entirely from anchors at either end and has no towers or piers.
Single-rope technique (SRT) is a set of methods used to descend and ascend on the same single rope.
Sisal, with the botanical name Agave sisalana, is a species of Agave native to southern Mexico but widely cultivated and naturalized in many other countries.
A skipping rope (British English) or jump rope (American English) is a tool used in the sport of jump rope where one or more participants jump over a rope swung so that it passes under their feet and over their heads.
Spinning is the twisting together of drawn-out strands of fibers to form yarn, and is a major part of the textile industry.
A static rope is a rope that is not designed to stretch when placed under load, in contrast to a dynamic rope.
Straw is an agricultural by-product, the dry stalks of cereal plants, after the grain and chaff have been removed.
Synthetic fibers (British English: synthetic fibres) are fibers made by humans with chemical synthesis, as opposed to natural fibers that humans get from living organisms with little or no chemical changes.
Technora is an aramid that is useful for a variety of applications that require high strength or chemical resistance.
Tightrope walking, also called funambulism, is the skill of walking along a thin wire or rope.
Twaron (a brand name of Teijin Aramid) is a para-aramid.
Twill is a type of textile weave with a pattern of diagonal parallel ribs (in contrast with a satin and plain weave).
Twine is a light string or strong thread composed of two or more smaller strands or yarns twisted, and then twisted together.
Ultimate tensile strength (UTS), often shortened to tensile strength (TS), ultimate strength, or Ftu within equations, is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads tending to elongate, as opposed to compressive strength, which withstands loads tending to reduce size.
Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE, UHMW) is a subset of the thermoplastic polyethylene.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Vectran is a manufactured fiber, spun from a liquid-crystal polymer (LCP) created by Celanese Corporation and now manufactured by Kuraray.
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
A whipping knot or whipping is a binding of twine or whipcord around the end of a rope to prevent its natural tendency to fray.
A winch is a mechanical device that is used to pull in (wind up) or let out (wind out) or otherwise adjust the "tension" of a rope or wire rope (also called "cable" or "wire cable").
Steel wire rope (right hand langs lay) Wire rope is several strands of metal wire twisted into a helix forming a composite "rope", in a pattern known as "laid rope".
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.