123 relations: Academician Pilyugin Center, Alexey Leonov, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Electromechanics, Amur Oblast, Anatoly Perminov, Angara (rocket family), Arsenal Design Bureau, Authority, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Bion (satellite), Boris Yeltsin, Buran (spacecraft), Buran programme, Chemical Automatics Design Bureau, Dmitry Rogozin, Earth observation satellite, Economy of Russia, Elektro–L, European Space Agency, Exploration Systems Architecture Study, Federation (spacecraft), Fobos-Grunt, Gecko, Glavcosmos, GLONASS, Gonets, Government agency, Government of Russia, Information Satellite Systems Reshetnev, International Business Times, International Space Olympics, International Space Station, JAXA, Joint-stock company, Kazakhstan, Keldysh Research Center, Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center, Kliper, Kommersant, Korolyov, Moscow Oblast, Koronas-Foton, Kosmos-3M, Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant, Lavochkin, Lifting body, List of cosmonauts, List of government space agencies, List of Heads of Roscosmos, List of Russian aerospace engineers, Low Earth orbit, ..., Luna-Glob, Makeyev Rocket Design Bureau, Mars, Medal "For Merit in Space Exploration", Ministry of General Machine Building, Mir, Moscow, Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology, Moscow Oblast, NASA, Nationalization, Nauka (ISS module), NPO Avtomatiki, NPO Energomash, NPO Tekhnomash, OKB Fakel, Order of the Government of Russia, Outline of space science, Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Prime Minister of Russia, Progress (spacecraft), Progress Rocket Space Centre, Proton (rocket family), Proton-M, Proton-PM, R-7 (rocket family), Rassvet (ISS module), Research and Development Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Resurs-DK No.1, RIA Novosti, RKA Mission Control Center, Rokot, Russia, Russian Aerospace Defence Forces, Russian Far East, Russian ruble, Russian Space Forces, Sergei Korolev, Soviet space program, Soviet Union, Soyuz (rocket family), Soyuz (spacecraft), Soyuz-2, Space Adventures, Space industry of Russia, Space tourism, Spaceflight, Spektr-R, Spektr-RG, Spektr-UV, Star City, Russia, State-owned enterprise, The Financial Express (India), The Planetary Society, Timeline of Russian innovation, Tsiolkovsky, Amur Oblast, TsNIIMash, United Rocket and Space Corporation, United States, United States dollar, Unity (ISS module), Valentina Tereshkova, Venera-D, Vladimir Popovkin, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Vostok 6, Vostok programme, Yuri Gagarin, Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center, Yuri Koptev, Zarya, Zlatoust Machine-Building Plant, Zvezda (ISS module). Expand index (73 more) » « Shrink index
Scientific Production Association Of Automation And Instrument-Building (Научно-производственный центр автоматики и приборостроения), also known as the Academician Pilyugin Center is a company based in Moscow, Russia.
Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov (p; born 30 May 1934 in Listvyanka, West Siberian Krai, Soviet Union) is a retired Soviet/Russian cosmonaut, Air Force Major general, writer and artist.
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute Of Electromechanics (VNIIEM) (ВНИИЭМ) is a research institute based in Moscow, Russia.
Amur Oblast (p) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located on the banks of the Amur and Zeya Rivers in the Russian Far East.
Anatoly Nikolayevich Perminov (Анатолий Николаевич Перминов; born 16 June 1945 in the Kirov Oblast, Soviet Union) is a Russian rocket scientist and a mechanical engineer.
The Angara rocket family is a family of space-launch vehicles being developed by the Moscow-based Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center.
Arsenal Design Bureau (Konstruktorskoye byuro Arsenal) is an engineering company active in the fields of space technology, ship artillery and civilian machine building.
Authority derives from the Latin word and is a concept used to indicate the foundational right to exercise power, which can be formalized by the State and exercised by way of judges, monarchs, rulers, police officers or other appointed executives of government, or the ecclesiastical or priestly appointed representatives of a higher spiritual power (God or other deities).
Baikonur Cosmodrome (translit; translit) is a spaceport located in an area of southern Kazakhstan leased to Russia.
The Bion satellites (Бион), also named Biocosmos, were a series of Soviet (later Russian) biosatellites.
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (p; 1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Soviet and Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.
Buran (Бура́н,, meaning "Snowstorm" or "Blizzard"; GRAU index serial number: "11F35 K1") was the first spaceplane to be produced as part of the Soviet/Russian Buran programme.
The Buran programme (Бура́н,, "Snowstorm" or "Blizzard"), also known as the "VKK Space Orbiter programme" ("VKK" is for Воздушно Космический Корабль, "Air Space Ship"), was a Soviet and later Russian reusable spacecraft project that began in 1974 at the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute in Moscow and was formally suspended in 1993.
Chemical Automatics Design Bureau (CADB), also KB Khimavtomatika (Конструкторское бюро химавтоматики, КБХА, KBKhA), is a Russian design bureau founded by the NKAP (People's Commissariat of the Aircraft Industry) in 1941 and led by Semyon Kosberg until his death in 1965.
Dmitry Olegovich Rogozin (Дми́трий Оле́гович Рого́зин; born 21 December 1963) is a Russian politician, currently serve as Director General of, Roscosmos.
Earth observation satellites are satellites specifically designed for Earth observation from orbit, similar to spy satellites but intended for non-military uses such as environmental monitoring, meteorology, map making etc.
Russia has an upper-middle income, World Bank mixed economy with state ownership in strategic areas of the economy.
Elektro–L (Электро-Л) is a new-generation series of meteorological satellites developed for the Russian Federal Space Agency by NPO Lavochkin.
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
The Exploration Systems Architecture Study (ESAS) is the official title of a large-scale, system level study released by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in November 2005 in response to American president George W. Bush's announcement on January 14, 2004 of his goal of returning astronauts to the Moon and eventually Mars — known as the Vision for Space Exploration (and unofficially as "Moon, Mars and Beyond" in some aerospace circles, though the specifics of a manned "beyond" program remain vague).
Federation (Федерация, Federatsiya), formerly called PPTS (Prospective Piloted Transport System, Перспективная Пилотируемая Транспортная Система, Perspektivnaya Pilotiruemaya Transportnaya Sistema) is a project by Roscosmos to develop a new-generation, partially reusable piloted spacecraft.
Fobos-Grunt or Phobos-Grunt (Фобос-Грунт, literally "Phobos-Ground") was an attempted Russian sample return mission to Phobos, one of the moons of Mars.
Geckos are lizards belonging to the infraorder Gekkota, found in warm climates throughout the world.
Glavcosmos (Главкосмос) is a Russian launch service provider and subsidiary of the state corporation Roscosmos.
GLONASS (ГЛОНАСС,; Глобальная навигационная спутниковая система; transliteration), or "Global Navigation Satellite System", is a space-based satellite navigation system operating in the radionavigation-satellite service.
Gonets (Russian Гонец, Messenger) is a Russian civilian low Earth orbit communication satellite system.
A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions, such as an intelligence agency.
The Government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation.
JSC Information Satellite Systems Reshetnev (Informatsionnye sputnikovye systemy imeny akademika M. F. Reshetnyova) is a Russian satellite manufacturing company.
The International Business Times is an American online news publication that publishes seven national editions and four languages.
The International Space Olympics (ISO) is an annual two-week competition for teenagers aged from 14 to 18, held in Korolyov, Russia.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
The is the Japanese national aerospace and space agency.
A joint-stock company is a business entity in which shares of the company's stock can be bought and sold by shareholders.
Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.
The State Scientific Centre Keldysh Research Center (Центр Келдыша) is a research institute in Moscow, Russia.
Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center (ГКНПЦ им. М. В. Хру́ничева in Russian) is a Moscow-based producer of spacecraft and space-launch systems, including the Proton and Rokot rockets.
Kliper (Клипер, English: Clipper) was an early-2000s proposed partly- reusable manned spacecraft concept by RSC Energia.
Kommersant (Коммерса́нтъ,, The Businessman, often shortened to Ъ) is a nationally distributed daily newspaper published in Russia mostly devoted to politics and business.
Korolyov or Korolev (p) is an industrial city in Moscow Oblast, Russia, well known as the cradle of Soviet and Russian space exploration.
Koronas-Foton (Коронас-Фотон), also known as CORONAS-Photon (Complex Orbital Observations Near-Earth of Activity of the Sun-Photon), was a Russian Solar research satellite.
The Kosmos-3M (Космос-3М meaning "Cosmos", GRAU index 11K65M) is a Russian space launch vehicle, member of the Kosmos (rocket family).
Krasmash, the Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant (Красноярский машиностроительный завод) is a company based in Krasnoyarsk, Russia and established in 1932.
NPO Lavochkin (НПО Лавочкина, OKB-301, also called Lavochkin Research and Production Association or shortly Lavochkin Association, LA) is a Russian aerospace company.
A lifting body is a fixed-wing aircraft or spacecraft configuration in which the body itself produces lift.
This is a list of cosmonauts who have taken part in the missions of the Soviet space program and the Russian Federal Space Agency, including ethnic Russians and people of other ethnicities.
This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.
The Directors of Roscosmos are the highest-ranked officials of Roscosmos, the space agency of the Russian Federation.
This list of Russian aerospace engineers includes the designers of aircraft, rocketry and spacecraft, and developers of auxiliary aerospace technologies from the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation.
A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.
Luna-Glob (Луна-Глоб, meaning Lunar sphere) is a Moon exploration programme by the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) meant to progress toward the creation of a fully robotic lunar base.
The Makeyev Design Bureau (ГРЦ Макеева, also known as Makeyev OKB) is a Russian missile design company located in Miass, Russia.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
The Medal "For Merit in Space Exploration" (Медаль "За заслуги в освоении космоса") is a state decoration of the Russian Federation aimed at recognising achievements in the space program.
The Ministry of General Machine-Building Industry of the USSR (MOM) (Russian: Министерство общего машиностроения СССР) was a government ministry of the Soviet Union.
Mir (Мир,; lit. peace or world) was a space station that operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001, operated by the Soviet Union and later by Russia.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology (MITT; JSC Corporation "Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology") is a Russian (formerly Soviet) scientific research institute founded on May 13, 1946.
Moscow Oblast (p), or Podmoskovye (p, literally "around/near Moscow"), is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.
Nauka (Нау́ка; lit. Science), also known as the Multipurpose Laboratory Module (MLM), (Russian: Многофункциональный лабораторный модуль, or МЛМ), is a component of the International Space Station (ISS) which has not yet been launched into space.
NPO Avtomatiki - the State Enterprise Scientific Production Association Of Automation (Научно-производственное объединение автоматики) is a company based in Yekaterinburg, Russia.
NPO Energomash “V.
Tekhnomash Scientific Production Association (НПО «Техномаш») is a company based in Moscow, Russia.
OKB Fakel (Russian ОКБ "Факел") is a Russian electric propulsion system development company.
Orders and Resolutions of the Government of Russia (Постановления и Pаспоряжения) is secondary legislation, a normative administrative directive content published by the Government of the Russian Federation within the limits of its competence, on the basis and in pursuance of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws, federal laws and Decrees of the President of Russia.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to space science: Space science encompasses all of the scientific disciplines that involve space exploration and study natural phenomena and physical bodies occurring in outer space, such as space medicine and astrobiology.
Plesetsk Cosmodrome (p) is a Russian spaceport located in Mirny, Arkhangelsk Oblast, about 800 km north of Moscow and approximately 200 km south of Arkhangelsk, dates from 1957.
The Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation (translit), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister (translit) is the head of the Russian government and the second most powerful figure of the Russian Federation.
The Progress (Прогресс) is a Russian expendable cargo spacecraft.
The Progress Rocket Space Centre (Ракетно-космический центр «Прогресс»), formerly known as TsSKB-Progress (ЦСКБ-Прогресс), is a Russian joint-stock company under the jurisdiction of Roscosmos State Corporation responsible for space science and aerospace research.
Proton (Russian: Протон) (formal designation: UR-500) is an expendable launch system used for both commercial and Russian government space launches.
The Proton-M, (Протон-М) GRAU index 8K82M or, is a Russian heavy-lift launch vehicle derived from the Soviet-developed Proton.
OJSC Proton-PM (Russian: ОАО «Протон-ПМ») is a Russian engine and heavy machinery manufacturing plant.
The R-7 family of rockets (Р-7) is a series of rockets, derived from the Soviet R-7 Semyorka, the world's first ICBM.
Rassvet (Рассве́т; lit. "dawn"), also known as the Mini-Research Module 1 (MRM-1) (Малый исследовательский модуль, МИМ 1) and formerly known as the Docking Cargo Module (DCM), is a component of the International Space Station (ISS).
FSUE Research and Development Institute of Mechanical Engineering (Russian: ФГУП Научно-исследовательский институт машиностроения), also known as NIIMash, is a Russian rocket engine design and manufacturing company specialized in small thrusters.
Resurs-DK No.1, often incorrectly translated as Resurs-DK1 is a commercial Earth observation satellite capable of transmitting high-resolution imagery (up to 0.9 m) to the ground stations as it passes overhead.
RIA Novosti (РИА Новости), sometimes RIA (РИА) for short, was Russia's international news agency until 2013 and continues to be the name of a state-operated domestic Russian-language news agency.
The RKA Mission Control Center (Центр управления полётами), also known by its acronym ЦУП (TsUP) is the mission control center of the Russian Federal Space Agency.
Rokot (Рокот meaning Rumble or Boom), also transliterated Rockot, is a Russian space launch vehicle that can launch a payload of 1,950 kilograms into a 200 kilometre Earth orbit with 63° inclination.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Aerospace Defence Forces Branch, short: ASDFB (Voyska vozdushno-kosmicheskoy oborony (VVKO) was a branch of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation responsible for aerospace defence, and the operation of Russian military satellites and the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. It was established on the 1 December 2011 and replaced the Russian Space Forces. The ASDFB was first commanded by former Space Forces commander Colonel General Oleg Ostapenko, who was promoted to Deputy Minister of Defence in November 2012. On 24 December 2012, Aleksandr Golovko was appointed the new commander. Although it is officially translated as aerospace in English, it covers both attacks from the air and from (outer) space, and some Russian writers translate it as "air and space" instead. On the 1 August 2015, the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces were merged to form the Russian Aerospace Forces. The Russian Aerospace Defence Forces duties for space defense are now with the Russian Space Forces under the umbrella of the new Russian Aerospace Forces. The RADF today only provides air defense responsibilities.
The Russian Far East (p) comprises the Russian part of the Far East - the extreme eastern territory of Russia, between Lake Baikal in Eastern Siberia and the Pacific Ocean.
The Russian ruble or rouble (рубль rublʹ, plural: рубли́ rubli; sign: ₽, руб; code: RUB) is the currency of the Russian Federation, the two partially recognized republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia and the two unrecognized republics of Donetsk and Luhansk.
The Russian Space Forces (Kosmicheskie Voyska Rossii) are a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and protection for Russia.
Sergei Pavlovich Korolev (a,, also transliterated as Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov, Сергій Павлович Корольов Serhiy Pavlovych Korolyov; – 14 January 1966) worked as the lead Soviet rocket engineer and spacecraft designer during the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1950s and 1960s.
The Soviet space program (Russian: Космическая программа СССР, Kosmicheskaya programma SSSR) comprised several of the rocket and space exploration programs conducted by the Soviet Union (USSR) from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Soyuz (Союз, meaning "union", GRAU index 11A511) is a family of expendable launch systems developed by OKB-1 and manufactured by Progress Rocket Space Centre in Samara, Russia.
Soyuz is a series of spacecraft designed for the Soviet space program by the Korolev Design Bureau (now RKK Energia) in the 1960s that remains in service today.
Soyuz-2, GRAU index 14A14, is the collective designation for the new version of the Russian Soyuz rocket.
Space Adventures, Ltd. is a Virginia, USA-based space tourism company founded in 1998 by Eric C. Anderson.
Space industry of Russia consists of over 100 companies and employs 250,000 people.
Space tourism is space travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes.
Spaceflight (also written space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.
Spektr-R (or RadioAstron) is a Russian scientific satellite with a radio telescope on board.
Spektr-RG (Russian for Spectrum + Röntgen + Gamma; also called Spectrum-X-Gamma, SRG, SXG) is an international high-energy astrophysics observatory, which is being built under the leadership of the Russian Space Research Institute (IKI).
The Spektr-UV, also known as World Space Observatory-Ultraviolet (WSO-UV), is a proposed space telescope intended for work in the 110 nm to 320 nm wavelength range.
Star City (Звёздный городо́к, Zvyozdny gorodokThe name "Zvyozdny gorodok" literally means "starry townlet".) is a common name of an area in Moscow Oblast, Russia, which has since the 1960s been home to the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center (GCTC).
A state-owned enterprise (SOE) is a business enterprise where the state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership.
Financial Express is an Indian English-language business newspaper.
The Planetary Society is an American internationally active, non-governmental, nonprofit foundation.
Timeline of Russian Innovation encompasses key events in the history of technology in Russia, starting from the Early East Slavs and up to the Russian Federation.
Tsiolkovsky (Циолковский) is a closed town in Amur Oblast, Russia, located on the Bolshaya Pyora River (a tributary of the Zeya), from the border with China and north of Blagoveshchensk, the administrative center of the oblast.
TsNIIMash (ЦНИИмаш) is a Russian rocket and spacecraft scientific center, dealing with all phases of development from conceptual design to flight test.
The United Rocket and Space Corporation (Объединенная ракетно-космическая корпорация) or URSC was a Russian joint-stock corporation formed by the Russian government in 2013 to renationalize the Russian space sector.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The ''Unity'' module as seen in May 2011 The Unity connecting module, also known as Node 1, was the first U.S.-built component of the International Space Station.
Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (a; born 6 March 1937) is a retired Russian cosmonaut, engineer, and politician.
The Venera-D (Венера-Д) probe is a proposed Russian space probe to Venus, to be launched around 2026.
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Popovkin (Владимир Александрович Поповкин; 25 September 1957 – 18 June 2014) was the General Director of the Russian Federal Space Agency and former First Deputy Defense Minister of Russia.
Soyuz-2.1a from Vostochny Cosmodrome. 28 April 2016 The Vostochny Cosmodrome (Космодром Восточный Kosmodrom Vostochny "Eastern Spaceport") is a Russian spaceport under construction on the 51st parallel north in the Amur Oblast, in the Russian Far East.
Vostok 6 (Восток-6, Orient 6 or East 6) was the first human spaceflight to carry a woman, cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, into space.
The Vostok programme (Восто́к,, Orient or East) was a Soviet human spaceflight project to put the first Soviet citizens into low Earth orbit and return them safely.
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (p; 9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968) was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut.
The Yuri A. Gagarin State Scientific Research-and-Testing Cosmonaut Training Center (GCTC; Russian: Центр подготовки космонавтов имени Ю. А. Гагарина) is a Russian training facility responsible for training cosmonauts for their space missions.
Yuri Nikolayevich Koptev (Юрий Николаевич Коптев, March 13, 1940, Stavropol) is a former General Director of the Russian Space Agency (Roscosmos), serving in that role from 1992 to 2004.
Zarya (Dawn), also known as the Functional Cargo Block or FGB (from the Funktsionalno-gruzovoy blok or ФГБ), is the first module of the International Space Station to be launched.
The Zlatoust Machine-Building Plant is a former arms manufacturing plant in Zlatoust, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia.
Zvezda (Звезда́, meaning "star"), DOS-8, also known as the Zvezda Service Module, is a component of the International Space Station (ISS).
Federal Space Agency of the Russian Federation, Pockocmoc, RFSA, RKA, Rosaviakosmos, Roscosmos Space Corporation, Roscosmos State Corporation, Roskosmos, Rosoviakosmos, Ruscosmos, Russian Aviation and Space Agency, Russian Federal Space Agency, Russian Space Agency, Russian space agency, Russian space program, Space program of Russia, Роскосмос, Федеральное космическое агентство России.