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Rotator cuff tear

Index Rotator cuff tear

A rotator cuff tear is a tear of one or more of the tendons of the four rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder. [1]

63 relations: Acromioclavicular joint, Acromion, Acromioplasty, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Anatomical terminology, Anatomical terms of motion, Apoptosis, Artelon, Arthritis, Arthrogram, Arthroplasty, Arthroscopy, Asymptomatic, Atrophy, Biomechanics, Bleeding, Body mass index, Calcific tendinitis, Calcification, Collagen, Coracoacromial ligament, Corticosteroid, Crepitus, Deltoid muscle, Edema, Exostosis, Greater tubercle, Humerus, Impingement syndrome, Injury, Intrinsic and extrinsic properties, Iontophoresis, Joint, Ligament, Magnetic resonance imaging, Medical ultrasound, MedlinePlus, Morphology (biology), Muscle, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Orthopedic surgery, Osteoarthritis, Physical therapy, Prevalence, Projectional radiography, Radiculopathy, Rheumatoid arthritis, Rotator cuff, Shoulder examination, ..., Shoulder joint, Sports injury, Stretching, Supraspinatus muscle, Susceptible individual, Synovial bursa, Tendinitis, Tendon, Tissue (biology), Ultrasound, University of Washington School of Medicine, Upper extremity of humerus, Velocity. Expand index (13 more) »

Acromioclavicular joint

The acromioclavicular joint, or AC joint, is a joint at the top of the shoulder.

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Acromion

In human anatomy, the acromion (from Greek: akros, "highest", ōmos, "shoulder", plural: acromia) is a bony process on the scapula (shoulder blade).

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Acromioplasty

Acromioplasty is an arthroscopic surgical procedure of the acromion.

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Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), located in Rockville, MD, a suburb of Washington, D.C., is one of 12 Agencies within the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

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American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) is an orthopedic organization.

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Anatomical terminology

Anatomical terminology is a form of scientific terminology used by anatomists, zoologists, and health professionals such as doctors.

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Anatomical terms of motion

Motion, the process of movement, is described using specific anatomical terms.

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Apoptosis

Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις "falling off") is a process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms.

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Artelon

Artelon is a biomaterial developed and sold by the Swedish company Artimplant.

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Arthritis

Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints.

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Arthrogram

An arthrogram is a series of images of a joint after injection of a contrast medium, usually done by fluoroscopy or MRI.

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Arthroplasty

Arthroplasty (literally "forming of joint") is an orthopedic surgical procedure where the articular surface of a musculoskeletal joint is replaced, remodeled, or realigned by osteotomy or some other procedure.

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Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy (also called arthroscopic or keyhole surgery) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage is performed using an arthroscope, an endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision.

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Asymptomatic

In medicine, a disease is considered asymptomatic if a patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms.

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Atrophy

Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body.

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Biomechanics

Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of the mechanical aspects of biological systems, at any level from whole organisms to organs, cells and cell organelles, using the methods of mechanics.

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Bleeding

Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.

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Body mass index

The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual.

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Calcific tendinitis

Calcific tendinitis is a form of tendinitis, a disorder characterized by deposits of hydroxyapatite (a crystalline calcium phosphate) in any tendon of the body, but most commonly in the tendons of the rotator cuff (shoulder), causing pain and inflammation.

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Calcification

Calcification is the accumulation of calcium salts in a body tissue.

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Collagen

Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.

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Coracoacromial ligament

The coracoacromial ligament is a strong triangular band, extending between the coracoid process and the acromion.

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Corticosteroid

Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones.

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Crepitus

Crepitus (also termed crepitation) is a medical term to describe the grating, crackling or popping sounds and sensations experienced under the skin and joints or a crackling sensation due to the presence of air in the subcutaneous tissue.

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Deltoid muscle

The deltoid muscle is the muscle forming the rounded contour of the human shoulder.

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Edema

Edema, also spelled oedema or œdema, is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body, which can cause severe pain.

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Exostosis

An exostosis (plural: exostoses) or bone spur, is the formation of new bone on the surface of a bone.

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Greater tubercle

The greater tubercle of the humerus is situated lateral to the head of the humerus and posterolateral to the lesser tubercle.

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Humerus

The humerus (plural: humeri) is a long bone in the arm or forelimb that runs from the shoulder to the elbow.

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Impingement syndrome

Shoulder impingement syndrome, also called subacromial impingement, painful arc syndrome, supraspinatus syndrome, swimmer's shoulder, and thrower's shoulder, is a clinical syndrome which occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles become irritated and inflamed as they pass through the subacromial space, the passage beneath the acromion.

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Injury

Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.

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Intrinsic and extrinsic properties

An intrinsic property is a property of a system or of a material itself or within.

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Iontophoresis

Iontophoresis is a process of transdermal drug delivery by use of a voltage gradient on the skin.

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Joint

A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.

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Ligament

A ligament is the fibrous connective tissue that connects bones to other bones.

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Magnetic resonance imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.

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Medical ultrasound

Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound.

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MedlinePlus

MedlinePlus is an online information service produced by the United States National Library of Medicine.

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Morphology (biology)

Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

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Muscle

Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a drug class that reduce pain, decrease fever, prevent blood clots and, in higher doses, decrease inflammation.

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Orthopedic surgery

Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics, also spelled orthopaedic, is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.

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Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.

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Physical therapy

Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.

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Prevalence

Prevalence in epidemiology is the proportion of a particular population found to be affected by a medical condition (typically a disease or a risk factor such as smoking or seat-belt use).

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Projectional radiography

Projectional radiography is a form of radiography and medical imaging that produces two-dimensional images by x-ray radiation.

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Radiculopathy

Radiculopathy, also commonly referred to as pinched nerve, refers to a set of conditions in which one or more nerves are affected and do not work properly (a neuropathy).

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Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints.

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Rotator cuff

In anatomy, the rotator cuff) is a group of muscles and their tendons that act to stabilize the shoulder. Of the seven scapulohumeral muscles, four make up the rotator cuff. The four muscles are the supraspinatus muscle, the infraspinatus muscle, teres minor muscle, and the subscapularis muscle.

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Shoulder examination

A Shoulder examination (or shoulder exam) is a portion of a physical examination used to identify potential pathology involving the shoulder.

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Shoulder joint

The shoulder joint (or glenohumeral joint from Greek glene, eyeball, + -oid, 'form of', + Latin humerus, shoulder) is structurally classified as a synovial ball and socket joint and functionally as a diarthrosis and multiaxial joint.

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Sports injury

Sports injuries are injuries that occur in athletic activities or exercising.

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Stretching

Stretching is a form of physical exercise in which a specific muscle or tendon (or muscle group) is deliberately flexed or stretched in order to improve the muscle's felt elasticity and achieve comfortable muscle tone.

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Supraspinatus muscle

The supraspinatus (plural supraspinati) is a relatively small muscle of the upper back that runs from the supraspinatous fossa superior portion of the scapula (shoulder blade) to the greater tubercle of the humerus.

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Susceptible individual

In epidemiology a susceptible individual (sometimes known simply as a susceptible) is a member of a population who is at risk of becoming infected by a disease.

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Synovial bursa

A bursa (plural bursae or bursas) is a small fluid-filled sac lined by synovial membrane with an inner capillary layer of viscous synovial fluid (similar in consistency to that of a raw egg white).

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Tendinitis

Tendinitis (also tendonitis), meaning inflammation of a tendon, is a type of tendinopathy often confused with the more common tendinosis, which has similar symptoms but requires different treatment.

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Tendon

A tendon or sinew is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that usually connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.

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Tissue (biology)

In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.

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Ultrasound

Ultrasound is sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing.

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University of Washington School of Medicine

The University of Washington School of Medicine (UWSOM) is a public medical school in the northwest United States, located in Seattle and affiliated with the University of Washington.

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Upper extremity of humerus

The upper or proximal extremity of the humerus consists of the bone's large rounded head joined to the body by a constricted portion called the neck, and two eminences, the greater and lesser tubercles.

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Velocity

The velocity of an object is the rate of change of its position with respect to a frame of reference, and is a function of time.

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Arthroscopic subacromial decompression, Rotator Cuff Disease, Rotator cuff injury, Rotator cuff syndrome, Rotator cuff tears, Subacromial decompression, Torn right rotator cuff, Torn rotator cuff.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotator_cuff_tear

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