104 relations: American English, Application-specific integrated circuit, ARPANET, Australian English, Autonomous system (Internet), BBN Technologies, Border Gateway Protocol, British English, Carrier Routing System, Cisco IOS, Cisco NX-OS, Cisco PIX, Cisco Press, Computer hardware, Computer network, Connectionless communication, Control plane, Core router, CYCLADES, DARPA, Data link layer, DD-WRT, DECbit, Default route, Default-free zone, Donald Davies, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, Dynamic routing, Firewall (computing), Forwarding information base, Forwarding plane, Gateway (telecommunications), Header (computing), Hierarchical internetworking model, Hierarchical routing, Host (network), Interface Message Processor, International Federation for Information Processing, Internet, Internet backbone, Internet Protocol, Internet protocol suite, Internet service provider, Internetworking, Intranet, IP address, IPsec, Juniper Networks, Junos OS, Latency (audio), ..., Linux, Load balancing (computing), Local area network, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Minicomputer, Mobile broadband modem, Modem, Multilayer switch, Multiprotocol Label Switching, NetScreen Technologies, Network access server, Network address, Network address translation, Network layer, Network packet, Network switch, Networking hardware, Node (networking), Noel Chiappa, NPL network, Open-source model, OpenWrt, Optical fiber, Packet forwarding, Packet switching, PARC (company), PARC Universal Packet, PDP-11, Physical layer, Policy-based routing, Port forwarding, Proprietary software, Quality of service, Random early detection, Residential gateway, Routing protocol, Routing table, Serial port, Small office/home office, Stanford University, State (computer science), Stateful firewall, Static routing, Subnetwork, Tail drop, Tomato (firmware), Unix, Virtual private network, Voice over IP, Weighted random early detection, Wide area network, William Yeager, Wireless, Wireless router. Expand index (54 more) » « Shrink index
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
An Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), is an integrated circuit (IC) customized for a particular use, rather than intended for general-purpose use.
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.
Australian English (AuE, en-AU) is a major variety of the English language, used throughout Australia.
Within the Internet, an autonomous system (AS) is a collection of connected Internet Protocol (IP) routing prefixes under the control of one or more network operators on behalf of a single administrative entity or domain that presents a common, clearly defined routing policy to the Internet.
BBN Technologies (originally Bolt, Beranek and Newman) is an American high-technology company which provides research and development services.
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is a standardized exterior gateway protocol designed to exchange routing and reachability information among autonomous systems (AS) on the Internet.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
Carrier Routing System (CRS) is a modular and distributed core router developed by Cisco Systems Inc that enables service providers to deliver data, voice, and video services over a scalable IP Next-Generation Network (NGN) infrastructure.
Cisco IOS (originally Internetwork Operating System) is a family of software used on most Cisco Systems routers and current Cisco network switches.
NX-OS is a network operating system for the Nexus-series Ethernet switches and MDS-series Fibre Channel storage area network switches made by Cisco Systems.
Cisco PIX (Private Internet eXchange) was a popular IP firewall and network address translation (NAT) appliance.
Cisco Press is a publishing alliance between Cisco Systems and Pearson, the world's largest education publishing and technology company which is part of Pearson PLC, the global publisher and co-owner (47%) of Penguin and formerly Financial Times.
Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
Connectionless communication, often referred to as CL-mode communication,Information Processing Systems - Open Systems Interconnection, "Transport Service Definition - Addendum 1: Connectionless-mode Transmission", International Organization for Standardization, International Standard 8072/AD 1, December 1986.
In routing, the control plane is the part of the router architecture that is concerned with drawing the network topology, or the information in a (possibly augmented) routing table that defines what to do with incoming packets.
A core router is a router designed to operate in the Internet backbone, or core.
The CYCLADES computer network was a French research network created in the early 1970s.
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of emerging technologies for use by the military.
The data link layer, or layer 2, is the second layer of the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking.
DD-WRT is Linux-based firmware for wireless routers and access points.
DECbit is a technique implemented in routers to avoid congestion.
In computer networking, the default route is a setting on a computer that defines the packet forwarding rule to use when no specific route can be determined for a given Internet Protocol (IP) destination address.
In the context of Internet routing, the default-free zone (DFZ) refers to the collection of all Internet autonomous systems (AS) that do not require a default route to route a packet to any destination.
Donald Watts Davies, CBE, FRS (7 June 1924 – 28 May 2000) was a Welsh computer scientist who was employed at the UK National Physical Laboratory (NPL).
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network management protocol used on UDP/IP networks whereby a DHCP server dynamically assigns an IP address and other network configuration parameters to each device on a network so they can communicate with other IP networks.
Dynamic routing, also called adaptive routing, is a process where a router can forward data via a different route or given destination based on the current conditions of the communication circuits within a system.
In computing, a firewall is a network security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.
A forwarding information base (FIB), also known as a forwarding table or MAC table, is most commonly used in network bridging, routing, and similar functions to find the proper output network interface to which the input interface should forward a packet.
In routing, the forwarding plane, sometimes called the data plane or user plane, defines the part of the router architecture that decides what to do with packets arriving on an inbound interface.
A gateway is the piece of networking hardware used in telecommunications via communications networks that allows data to flow from one discrete network to another.
In information technology, header refers to supplemental data placed at the beginning of a block of data being stored or transmitted.
The Hierarchical internetworking model is a three-layer model for network design first proposed by Cisco.
Hierarchical routing is a method of routing in networks that is based on hierarchical addressing.
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network.
The Interface Message Processor (IMP) was the packet switching node used to interconnect participant networks to the ARPANET from the late 1960s to 1989.
The International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) is a global organisation for researchers and professionals working in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT) to conduct research, develop standards and promote information sharing.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
The Internet backbone might be defined by the principal data routes between large, strategically interconnected computer networks and core routers on the Internet.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.
Internetworking is the practice of connecting a computer network with other networks through the use of gateways that provide a common method of routing information packets between the networks.
An intranet is a private network accessible only to an organization's staff.
An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication.
In computing, Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) is a secure network protocol suite of IPv4 that authenticates and encrypts the packets of data sent over an IPv4 network.
Juniper Networks, Inc. is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Sunnyvale, California that develops and markets networking products.
Junos OS (more formally Juniper Network Operating System) is the FreeBSD-based operating system used in Juniper Networks hardware routers.
Latency refers to a short period of delay (usually measured in milliseconds) between when an audio signal enters and when it emerges from a system.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
In computing, load balancing improves the distribution of workloads across multiple computing resources, such as computers, a computer cluster, network links, central processing units, or disk drives.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that was developed in the mid-1960s and sold for much less than mainframe and mid-size computers from IBM and its direct competitors.
A mobile broadband modem, also known as a connect card or data card, is a type of modem that allows a personal computer or a router to receive Internet access via a mobile broadband connection instead of using telephone or cable television lines.
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
A multilayer switch (MLS) is a computer networking device that switches on OSI layer 2 like an ordinary network switch and provides extra functions on higher OSI layers.
Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) is a type of data-carrying technique for high-performance telecommunications networks. MPLS directs data from one network node to the next based on short path labels rather than long network addresses, avoiding complex lookups in a routing table.
NetScreen Technologies was an American technology company that was acquired by Juniper Networks for US$4 billion stock for stock in 2004.
A network access server (NAS) is a single point of access to a remote resource.
A network address is an identifier for a node or host on a telecommunications network.
Network address translation (NAT) is a method of remapping one IP address space into another by modifying network address information in the IP header of packets while they are in transit across a traffic routing device.
In the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking, the network layer is layer 3.
A network packet is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet-switched network.
A network switch (also called switching hub, bridging hub, officially MAC bridge) is a computer networking device that connects devices together on a computer network by using packet switching to receive, process, and forward data to the destination device.
Networking hardware, also known as network equipment or computer networking devices, are physical devices which are required for communication and interaction between devices on a computer network.
In telecommunications networks, a node (Latin nodus, ‘knot’) is either a redistribution point or a communication endpoint.
Joseph Noel Chiappa (b. 1956 Bermuda) is an Internet pioneer.
The NPL Network or NPL Data Communications Network was a local area computer network operated by a team from the National Physical Laboratory in England that pioneered the concept of packet switching.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
OpenWrt is an open source project for embedded operating system based on Linux, primarily used on embedded devices to route network traffic.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
Packet forwarding is the relaying of packets from one network segment to another by nodes in a computer network.
Packet switching is a method of grouping data which is transmitted over a digital network into packets which are made of a header and a payload.
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.
The PARC Universal Packet (commonly abbreviated to PUP or PuP, although the original documents usually use Pup) was one of the two earliest internetwork protocol suites; it was created by researchers at Xerox PARC in the mid-1970s.
The PDP-11 is a series of 16-bit minicomputers sold by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1970 into the 1990s, one of a succession of products in the PDP series.
In the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking, the physical layer or layer 1 is the first and lowest layer.
In computer networking, policy-based routing (PBR) is a technique used to make routing decisions based on policies set by the network administrator.
In computer networking, port forwarding or port mapping is an application of network address translation (NAT) that redirects a communication request from one address and port number combination to another while the packets are traversing a network gateway, such as a router or firewall.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Quality of service (QoS) is the description or measurement of the overall performance of a service, such as a telephony or computer network or a cloud computing service, particularly the performance seen by the users of the network.
Random early detection (RED), also known as random early discard or random early drop is a queueing discipline for a network scheduler suited for congestion avoidance.
In telecommunications networking, a residential gateway (more commonly known as a home router or home gateway) is a device that allows a local area network (LAN) to connect to a wide area network (WAN) via a modem.
A routing protocol specifies how routers communicate with each other, distributing information that enables them to select routes between any two nodes on a computer network.
In computer networking a routing table, or routing information base (RIB), is a data table stored in a router or a networked computer that lists the routes to particular network destinations, and in some cases, metrics (distances) associated with those routes.
In computing, a serial port is a serial communication interface through which information transfers in or out one bit at a time (in contrast to a parallel port).
Small office/home office (or single office/home office; SOHO) refers to the category of business or cottage industry that involves from 1 to 10 workers.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
In information technology and computer science, a program is described as stateful if it is designed to remember preceding events or user interactions; the remembered information is called the state of the system.
In computing, a stateful firewall is a network firewall that tracks the operating state and characteristics of network connections traversing it.
Static routing is a form of routing that occurs when a router uses a manually-configured routing entry, rather than information from a dynamic routing traffic.
A subnetwork or subnet is a logical subdivision of an IP network.
Tail drop is a simple queue management algorithm used by network schedulers in network equipment to decide when to drop packets.
Tomato is a partially free HyperWRT-based, Linux core firmware distribution for a range of Broadcom chipset based wireless routers, most notably the older Linksys WRT54G series, Buffalo AirStation, Asus routers and Netgear WNR3500L.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network, and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network.
Voice over Internet Protocol (also voice over IP, VoIP or IP telephony) is a methodology and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet.
Weighted random early detection (WRED) is a queueing discipline for a network scheduler suited for congestion avoidance.
A wide area network (WAN) is a telecommunications network or computer network that extends over a large geographical distance/place.
William "Bill" Yeager (born June 16, 1940, San Francisco) is an American engineer.
Wireless communication, or sometimes simply wireless, is the transfer of information or power between two or more points that are not connected by an electrical conductor.
An early example of a wireless router A wireless router is a device that performs the functions of a router and also includes the functions of a wireless access point.
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