132 relations: Air Accidents Investigation Branch, Air International, Airship, Alan Arnold Griffith, Alberto Santos-Dumont, Aquaplaning, Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar, Arnold Alexander Hall, Austin Motor Company, Avro Type D, Battle of Britain, Beatrice Shilling, Bedfordshire, Bill Gunston, Black Arrow, Black Knight (rocket), Black Prince (rocket), Boffin, British Army Aeroplane No 1, British Army airship Beta, British Army Dirigible No 1, Canard (aeronautics), Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Concorde, De Havilland Comet, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency, Defence Research Agency, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Dunne D.1, Farnborough Air Sciences Trust, Farnborough Airport, Farnborough, Hampshire, Fatigue (material), Federal Aviation Administration, Felixstowe, Fighter aircraft, Flight International, Fokker Scourge, Folland Aircraft, Frances Bradfield, Geoffrey de Havilland, Gloster Aircraft Company, Hampshire, Hawker Hurricane, Hawker Siddeley Harrier, Helensburgh, Henri Farman, Henry Folland, J. W. Dunne, Jaguar (British rocket), ..., James Stewart, James Templer (balloon aviator), Johanna Weber, John Capper, John Kenworthy, List of newspapers in the United Kingdom, Listed building, Louis Blériot, Malkara (missile), Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment, Mervyn O'Gorman, Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), Miss Shilling's orifice, NASA, National Gas Turbine Establishment, Nevil Shute, No Highway, No Highway in the Sky, Operation Surgeon, Orba (satellite), Poppet valve, Prospero (satellite), Pusher configuration, Qinetiq, R.A.E. – Vickers Transonic Research Rocket, RAE Bedford, RAE Hurricane, RAE Larynx, RAE Scarab, RAE Zephyr, RAF 1, RAF 2, RAF 3, RAF 4, RAF Thurleigh, Reconnaissance, Rocket, Rolls-Royce Limited, Royal Air Force, Royal Aircraft Factory A.E.3, Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.12, Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2, Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.3, Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.8, Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.9, Royal Aircraft Factory C.E.1, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.1, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.10, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.3, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.4, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.6, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.9, Royal Aircraft Factory H.R.E.2, Royal Aircraft Factory N.E.1, Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.1, Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.5, Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.7, Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8, Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.1, Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.2, Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.4, Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.4a, Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5, Royal Flying Corps, Samuel Dalziel Heron, Samuel Franklin Cody, School of Ballooning, Seaplane Experimental Station, Siddeley-Deasy, Skylark (rocket), SS class airship, Supermarine Spitfire, Tractor configuration, United Kingdom, War Office, Wind tunnel, Women in STEM fields, World War I, World War II, Wright R-790 Whirlwind. Expand index (82 more) » « Shrink index
The Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) investigates civil aircraft accidents and serious incidents within the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and crown dependencies.
AIR International is a British aviation magazine covering current defence aerospace and civil aviation topics.
An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power.
Alan Arnold Griffith (13 June 1893 – 13 October 1963) was the son of Victorian science fiction author George Griffith and an English engineer.
Alberto Santos-Dumont (20 July 187323 July 1932, usually referred to as simply Santos-Dumont) was a Brazilian inventor and aviation pioneer, one of the very few people to have contributed significantly to the development of both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air aircraft.
Aquaplaning or hydroplaning by the tires of a road vehicle, aircraft or other wheeled vehicle occurs when a layer of water builds between the wheels of the vehicle and the road surface, leading to a loss of traction that prevents the vehicle from responding to control inputs.
The Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar was an aero engine developed by Armstrong Siddeley.
Sir Arnold Alexander Hall FRS FRAeS (23 April 1915 – 9 January 2000) was a British aeronautical engineer, scientist and industrialist.
The Austin Motor Company Limited was a British manufacturer of motor vehicles, founded in 1905 by Herbert Austin.
The Avro Type D was an aircraft built in 1911 by the pioneer British aircraft designer A.V. Roe.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
Beatrice (Tilly) Shilling OBE PhD MSc CEng (8 March 1909 – 18 November 1990) was a British aeronautical engineer and motor racer.
Bedfordshire (abbreviated Beds.) is a county in the East of England.
Bill Gunston OBE FRAeS (1 March 1927 - 1 June 2013) was a British aviation and military author.
Black Arrow, officially capitalised BLACK ARROW, was a British satellite carrier rocket.
Black Knight was a British research ballistic missile, originally developed to test and verify the design of a re-entry vehicle for the Blue Streak missile. It was the United Kingdom's first indigenous expendable launch project. Design work on what would become the Black Knight launch vehicle commenced in 1955, being performed by the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) and British manufacturer Saunders-Roe. Saunders-Roe was the principal manufacturer for the Black Knight at its facility on the Isle of Wight. On 7 September 1958, the first Black Knight was launched at Woomera in Australia. Between 1958 and 1965, a total of 22 launch vehicles were fired, none of which having suffered any major failures. After 22 launches, the Black Knight programme was closed. The success of the Black Knight as a cheap and successful test vehicle led to many studies being performed into further derivatives of the vehicle, including its adaption to serve as an intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) and as a launch vehicle, including one proposal, which was based on the Blue Streak missile and the Black Knight, known as the Black Prince. Technology and experience gained on the Black Knight programme would contribute to the subsequent Black Arrow expendable launch vehicle programme.Hill 2001, pp. 188-189.Laycock and Laycock 2005, p. 52.
Black Prince was a proposed British-led satellite expendable launch system.
Boffin is a British slang term for a scientist, engineer, or other person engaged in technical or scientific research and development.
The British Army Aeroplane No 1 or sometimes Cody 1 was a biplane built by Samuel Franklin Cody in 1907 at the Army Balloon Factory at Farnborough.
The Beta 1 was a non-rigid airship constructed for experimental purposes in the United Kingdom by the Army Balloon Factory in 1910.
British Army Dirigible No 1, christened Nulli Secundus (Latin: "Second to none") was a Semi-rigid airship.
A canard is an aeronautical arrangement wherein a small forewing or foreplane is placed forward of the main wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003.
The de Havilland DH 106 Comet was the world's first commercial jet airliner.
The Defence Evaluation and Research Agency (normally known as DERA) was a part of the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) between 1995 and 2 July 2001.
The Defence Research Agency (normally known as DRA) was an executive agency of the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) from April 1991 until April 1995.
The Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) is an executive agency of the Ministry of Defence of the United Kingdom.
The Dunne D.1, was an experimental tailless aircraft built in the United Kingdom in 1907.
The Farnborough Air Sciences Trust (FAST) museum holds a collection of aircraft (actual and model), satellites, simulators, wind tunnel and Royal Aircraft Establishment-related material.
Farnborough Airport or TAG London Farnborough Airport (previously called RAE Farnborough, ICAO Code EGUF) is an operational business/executive general aviation airport in Farnborough, Rushmoor, Hampshire, England.
Farnborough is a town in north east Hampshire, England, part of the borough of Rushmoor and the Farnborough/Aldershot Built-up Area.
In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
Felixstowe is a seaside town in Suffolk, England.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
The Fokker Scourge (or Fokker Scare) occurred during the First World War from August 1915 to early 1916, when the Imperial German Flying Corps (''Die Fliegertruppen''), equipped with Fokker ''Eindecker'' fighters, gained an advantage over the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) and the French ''Aéronautique Militaire''.
Folland Aircraft was a British aircraft manufacturing company which was active between 1937 and 1963.
Frances Beatrice Bradfield MA FRAeS (1896–1967) was an aeronautical engineer at the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE).
Captain Sir Geoffrey de Havilland, OM, CBE, AFC, RDI, FRAeS (27 July 1882 – 21 May 1965) was a British aviation pioneer and aerospace engineer.
The Gloster Aircraft Company was a British aircraft manufacturer from 1917 to 1963.
Hampshire (abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–1940s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd.
The Hawker Siddeley Harrier, developed in the 1960s, was the first of the Harrier Jump Jet series of aircraft.
Helensburgh (lit) is a town within the Helensburgh and Lomond Area of Argyll and Bute Council, Scotland.
Henri Farman (26 May 1874 – 17 July 1958) was an Anglo-French aviator and aircraft designer and manufacturer with his brother Maurice Farman.
Henry Philip Folland OBE (22 January 1889 – 5 September 1954) was an English aviation engineer and aircraft designer.
John William Dunne FRAeS (1875–1949) was a British soldier, aeronautical engineer and philosopher.
The Jaguar (also called Jabiru) was a three-stage British sounding rocket built in several versions.
James Maitland Stewart (May 20, 1908July 2, 1997) was an American actor and military officer who is among the most honored and popular stars in film history.
Colonel James Lethbridge Brooke Templer (27 May 1846 – 2 January 1924) was an early British military pioneer of balloons.
Johanna Weber (8 August 1910 – 24 October 2014) was a German-born British mathematician and aerodynamicist, best known for her contributions to the development of the Handley Page Victor bomber and the Concorde.
Major-General Sir John Edward Capper (7 December 1861 – 24 May 1955) was a senior officer of the British Army during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century who served on the North-West Frontier of British India, in South Africa and during the First World War, where he was instrumental in the development of the tank.
John Kenworthy B.Sc., F.R.Aes (1883–1940) was an English aviation engineer and aircraft designer.
There are newspapers distributed nationally in the United Kingdom and some in Scotland only, and others serving a smaller area.
A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.
Louis Charles Joseph Blériot (1 July 1872 – 1 August 1936) was a French aviator, inventor and engineer.
The Malkara (from an Aboriginal word for "shield") was one of the earliest guided anti-tank missiles (ATGMs).
The Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment (MAEE) was a British military research and test organisation.
Mervyn Joseph Pius O'Gorman (19 December 1871 – 16 March 1958) was a British electrical and aircraft engineer.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD or MOD) is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
Miss Shilling's orifice was a very simple technical device made to counter engine cut-out in early Spitfire and Hurricane fighter aeroplanes during the Battle of Britain.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Gas Turbine Establishment (NGTE Pyestock) in Fleet, part of the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE), was the prime site in the UK for design and development of gas turbine and jet engines.
Nevil Shute Norway (17 January 189912 January 1960) was an English novelist and aeronautical engineer who spent his later years in Australia.
No Highway is a 1948 novel by Nevil Shute.
No Highway in the Sky (a.k.a. No Highway) is a 1951 British black-and-white aviation film from 20th Century Fox, produced by Louis D. Lighton, directed by Henry Koster, that stars James Stewart, Marlene Dietrich, Glynis Johns, Niall MacGinnis, Janette Scott, and Jack Hawkins.
Operation Surgeon was a British post-Second World War programme to exploit German aeronautics and deny German technical skills to the Soviet Union.
Orba, also known as X-2, was intended to be the first satellite launched by a British rocket.
A poppet valve (also called mushroom valve) is a valve typically used to control the timing and quantity of gas or vapour flow into an engine.
The Prospero satellite, also known as the X-3, was launched by the United Kingdom in 1971.
In a vehicle with a pusher configuration (as opposed to a tractor configuration), the propeller(s) are mounted behind their respective engine(s).
Qinetiq (as in kinetic; styled as QinetiQ) is a British multinational defence technology company headquartered in Farnborough, Hampshire.
The R.A.E. Vickers Transonic Research Rocket was developed from the Miles M.52 a British supersonic research aircraft a project which was undertaken in top secrecy between 1942 and 1945 to a Ministry of Supply specification E.24/43.
RAE Bedford was a research site of the Royal Aircraft Establishment between 1946 and 1994.
The RAE Hurricane was a single-seat, single-engined light monoplane designed and built by the Aero Club of the Royal Aircraft Establishment for the 1923 Lympne Motor Glider Competition.
The Royal Aircraft Establishment Larynx (from "Long Range Gun with Lynx engine") was an early British pilotless aircraft, to be used as a guided anti-ship weapon.
The RAE Scarab was a light single-engined single-seat parasol winged modification of the de Havilland Humming Bird, flying in the United Kingdom in 1932.
The RAE Zephyr was a single-seat, single-engined light pusher configuration biplane designed and built by the Aero Club of the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) for the 1923 Lympne Motor Glider Competition.
The RAF 1 was a British air-cooled, V-8 engine developed for aircraft use during World War I. Based on a French design it was designed by the Royal Aircraft Factory but built by six different British companies including Daimler, Rolls-Royce and Wolseley Motors Limited.
The RAF 2 was a British air-cooled, nine-cylinder radial engine developed for aircraft use just prior to World War I; it was designed and built by the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The RAF 3 was a British liquid-cooled, V-12 engine developed for aircraft use during World War I. Based on the eight–cylinder RAF 1 it was designed by the Royal Aircraft Factory but produced by the two British companies of Armstrong Whitworth and Napier & Son.
The RAF 4 was a British air-cooled, V12 engine developed for aircraft use during World War I. Based on the eight–cylinder RAF 1 it was designed by the Royal Aircraft Factory but produced by the two British companies of Daimler and Siddeley-Deasy.
Royal Air Force Thurleigh or more simply RAF Thurleigh is a former Royal Air Force station located north of Bedford, Bedfordshire, England.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
Rolls-Royce was a British luxury car and later an aero engine manufacturing business established in 1904 by the partnership of Charles Rolls and Henry Royce.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Aircraft Factory A.E.3 (Armed or Armoured Experimental), also known as the Farnborough Ram, was a prototype British armoured ground attack aircraft of the First World War.
The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.12 was a British single-seat aeroplane of The First World War designed at the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 was a British single-engine tractor two-seat biplane designed and developed by the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.3 was a single-engined rotary engined biplane developed by the British Royal Aircraft Factory prior to the First World War.
The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.8 was a British two-seat single-engined general purpose biplane of the First World War, designed by John Kenworthy at the Royal Aircraft Factory in 1913.
The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.9 was a British experimental reconnaissance aircraft of World War I.
The Royal Aircraft Factory C.E.1 (Coastal Experimental 1) was a prototype British flying boat of the First World War.
The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.1 was designed and built in 1910 by the pioneer designer Geoffrey de Havilland.
The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.10 (Farman Experimental No. 10) was an aircraft designed by John Kenworthy, Henry P. Folland, and Maj.
Between 1911 and 1914, the Royal Aircraft Factory used the F.E.2 (Farman Experimental 2) designation for three quite different aircraft that shared only a common "Farman" pusher biplane layout.
The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.3 (also known as the A.E.1 ("Armed Experimental") was a British experimental single-engined pusher biplane built prior to the First World War. It was intended to be fitted with a shell-firing gun, but was quickly abandoned, being found to be structurally unsound.
The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.4 was a twin-engine biplane aircraft built by the Royal Aircraft Factory in 1916.
The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.6 was a two-bay, single-engine pusher biplane built by the British Royal Aircraft Factory, a larger version of their F.E.3.
The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8 was a British single-seat fighter of the First World War designed at the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.9 was a prototype British two-seat fighter-reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War.
The Royal Aircraft Factory H.R.E.2 was intended as a Naval reconnaissance floatplane.
The Royal Aircraft Factory N.E.1 was a prototype British Night fighter of the First World War.
The Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.1 was an experimental two-seat single-engined biplane from before World War I, intended to develop reconnaissance aircraft.
The Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.5 was a British two-seat reconnaissance and artillery observation biplane designed and built by the Royal Aircraft Factory for the Royal Flying Corps.
The Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.7 was a British two-seat light bomber and reconnaissance biplane designed by the Royal Aircraft Factory and built under contracts by the Coventry Ordnance Works, Austin, Napier and Siddeley-Deasy for the Royal Flying Corps.
The Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8 was a British two-seat biplane reconnaissance and bomber aircraft of the First World War designed and produced at the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The S.E.1 (Santos Experimental) was an experimental aircraft built at the Army Balloon Factory at Farnborough (later the Royal Aircraft Factory) in 1911.
The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.2 (Scout Experimental) was an early British single-seat scout aircraft.
The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.4 was a single-engined, single seat biplane designed and built at the Royal Aircraft Factory just prior to the start of the First World War.
The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.4a was an experimental British single-engined scout aircraft of the First World War.
The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 was a British biplane fighter aircraft of the First World War.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
Samuel Dalziel Heron (18 May 1891 – 10 July 1963) was a British born aerospace engineer who made major contributions to the design of piston engines.
Samuel Franklin Cowdery (later known as Samuel Franklin Cody; 6 March 1867 – 7 August 1913, born Davenport, Iowa, USA)) was a Wild West showman and early pioneer of manned flight. He is most famous for his work on the large kites known as Cody War-Kites, that were used by the British in World War I as a smaller alternative to balloons for artillery spotting. He was also the first man to fly an aeroplane in Britain, on 16 October 1908. A flamboyant showman, he was often confused with Buffalo Bill Cody, whose surname he took when young.
The School of Ballooning was a training and test centre for British Army experiments with balloons and airships.
The Seaplane Experimental Station, formerly RNAS Felixstowe, was a British aircraft design unit during the early part of the 20th century.
The Siddeley-Deasy Motor Car Company Limited was a British automobile, aero engine and aircraft company based in Coventry in the early 20th century.
Skylark was a British sounding rocket design.
SS (Submarine Scout or Sea Scout) class airships were simple, cheap and easily assembled small non-rigid airships or "blimps" that were developed as a matter of some urgency to counter the German U-boat threat to British shipping during World War I. The class proved to be versatile and effective, with a total of 158 being built in several versions.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
An aircraft constructed with a tractor configuration has the engine mounted with the airscrew in front of it so that the aircraft is "pulled" through the air, as opposed to the pusher configuration, in which the airscrew is behind and propels the aircraft forward.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
A wind tunnel is a tool used in aerodynamic research to study the effects of air moving past solid objects.
Many scholars and policymakers have noted that the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM fields) have been predominantly male occupations, with historically low participation among women, from their origin in the Age of Enlightenment to the present time.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Wright R-790 Whirlwind was a series of nine-cylinder air-cooled radial aircraft engines built by Wright Aeronautical Corporation, with a total displacement of about and around.