344 relations: Abu Qir, Abu Suweir Air Base, Aces High (film), Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Aerial photography, Aerial reconnaissance, Aerial warfare, Air Battalion Royal Engineers, Air Ministry, Airco, Airco DH.2, Airco DH.4, Airco DH.5, Airco DH.6, Airco DH.9, Aircraft dope, Airplane, Albatros Flugzeugwerke, Albert Ball, Alexander von Kluck, Alfred Atkey, Amiens, Anno Dracula series, Armour Heights Field, Armstrong Whitworth, Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8, Army Air Corps (United Kingdom), Artillery, Australia, Australian Flying Corps, Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, Avro, Avro 504, Avro Type G, Ayr, Balloon, Basil Rathbone, Battle of Arras (1917), Battle of Aubers Ridge, Battle of Britain, Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Caporetto, Battle of Messines (1917), Battle of Mons, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of the Somme, Battlefield 1, Beamsville, Ontario, Belleville, Ontario, Bessonneau hangar, ..., Biggles, Billy Bishop, Blackadder Goes Forth, Bloody April, Bomb, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Brigade, Brigadier general, Bristol Aeroplane Company, Bristol F.2 Fighter, Bristol Scout, British Army, British Empire, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), British Security Co-ordination, British Union of Fascists, Bunker, Camp Taliaferro, Canadian Aviation Corps, Cecil Arthur Lewis, Central Flying School RAAF, Central Intelligence Agency, CFB Borden, Charles Darwin, Charles Galton Darwin, Charles Kingsford Smith, Charles Portal, 1st Viscount Portal of Hungerford, Charles Rumney Samson, Chauffeur, Château, Chief of staff, Christopher Plummer, Clive Franklyn Collett, Cockade, Colonel (United Kingdom), Committee of Imperial Defence, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Cuthbert Orde, Cyril Newall, 1st Baron Newall, David Henderson (British Army officer), David Niven, Deflection (ballistics), Derek Robinson (novelist), Deseronto, Division (military), Donald Cunnell, Donald Jack, Donald MacLaren, Dover, East Fortune, Edinburgh Airport, Edmund Goulding, Edward Ashmore (British Army officer), Egypt, English Channel, English country house, Eric Moxey, Errol Flynn, Etrich Taube, Euan Rabagliati, Eustace Loraine, Everard Calthrop, Fellow of the Royal Society, Fin flash, First Army (United Kingdom), First Battle of the Aisne, First Battle of the Marne, Flight (military unit), Flight training, Flying ace, Fokker, Fort Worth, Texas, Francis Peabody Magoun, Frederick Sykes, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, Gas lighting, Geoffrey Salmond, George Cross, George McElroy, George Owen Johnson, George Trefgarne, 1st Baron Trefgarne, George V, German strategic bombing during World War I, Goldington, Goshawk Squadron, Gosport, Great Retreat, Guardhouse, H.D. Harvey-Kelly, Handley Page, Handley Page Type O, Harrietsham, Hell's Angels (film), Henry Tizard, Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Hingham, Norfolk, Homing pigeon, Hove, Howard Hughes, Hugh Dowding, Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, Independent Air Force, Infantry, Interservice rivalry, Ismailia, Ismailia Air Base, Jack Gold, Jack Hobbs, Jagdstaffel, James McCudden, Jan Smuts, Jean Harlow, Jeejeebhoy Piroshaw Bomanjee Jeejeebhoy, John French, 1st Earl of Ypres, John Lennard-Jones, John Moore-Brabazon, 1st Baron Brabazon of Tara, John Salmond, Jordan, Karl Brooks Heisey, Keith Park, Kim Newman, Kortrijk, Lanoe Hawker, Larkhill, Leaside Aerodrome, Lionel Charlton, List of aircraft of the Royal Flying Corps, List of ambassadors of the United States to the Dominican Republic, List of governors of American Samoa, List of Royal Air Force aircraft squadrons, London Air Defence Area, Long Branch Aerodrome, Louis Strange, Luftstreitkräfte, Major general, Malcolm McDowell, Malcolm Nokes, Manfred von Richthofen, Marne, Marske-by-the-Sea, Martinsyde G.100, Martinsyde S.1, Maubeuge, Menen, Mercedes Lackey, Mesopotamia, Mess, Mick Mannock, Mick O'Brien (footballer, born 1893), Military air base, Military aircraft, Military aircraft insignia, Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte First Nation, Monoplane, Morane-Saulnier, Morane-Saulnier N, Netheravon, Nieuport, Nieuport 17, Nieuport 24, Nieuport 27, Nissen hut, No. 1 School of Military Aeronautics, No. 1 Squadron RAAF, No. 1 Squadron RAF, No. 1 Wing RAF, No. 2 Squadron RAAF, No. 2 Squadron RAF, No. 3 Squadron RAAF, No. 3 Squadron RAF, No. 33 Squadron RAF, No. 36 Squadron RAF, No. 37 Squadron RAF, No. 39 Squadron RAF, No. 4 Squadron RAAF, No. 4 Squadron RAF, No. 43 Squadron RAF, No. 5 Squadron RAF, No. 5 Wing RAF, No. 50 Squadron RAF, No. 51 Squadron RAF, No. 75 Squadron RAF, No. 76 Squadron RAF, No. 77 Squadron RAF, No. 78 Squadron RAF, Noel Stephen Paynter, Non-commissioned officer, O. G. S. Crawford, Observation balloon, Ochey, Optimism bias, Ordnance Survey, Oswald Mosley, Palestine (region), Palestine Brigade RAF, Parachute, Per ardua ad astra, Phelps Phelps, Philip Game, Phoenix and Ashes, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Private Plane, Race to the Sea, RAF Bomber Command, RAF El Amiriya, RAF Fighter Command, RAF Marham, RAF Middle East Command, RAF Northolt, RAF Wittering, Reconnaissance, Ripon, Robert Brooke-Popham, Robert Smith-Barry, Roundel, Royal Air Force, Royal Aircraft Establishment, Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.12, Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8, Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8, Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5, Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal Canadian Naval Air Service, Royal Engineers, Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Navy, Saarbrücken, Saint George's Cross, Saint-Omer, Salisbury Plain, Scout (aircraft), Seaton Carew, Second Army (United Kingdom), Second lieutenant, Simon Ward, Sinai and Palestine Campaign, Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet, Société pour l'aviation et ses dérivés, Somme (river), Sopwith 1½ Strutter, Sopwith Aviation Company, Sopwith Camel, Sopwith Dolphin, Sopwith Pup, Sopwith Salamander, Sopwith Triplane, South African Air Force, Southern Cross (aircraft), SPAD S.VII, Spring Offensive, Squadron (aviation), Staff (military), Stonehenge, Strafing, Strategic bombing, Tasman Sea, Terra Nova Expedition, The Bandy Papers, The Bloody Red Baron, The Dawn Patrol (1938 film), The Last Flight (The Twilight Zone), The Twilight Zone (1959 TV series), Trafford Leigh-Mallory, Tricolour (flag), Trimotor, Tryggve Gran, Turnberry (golf course), Tyendinaga (Mohawk) Airport, Union Defence Force (South Africa), Union Jack, Vernon and Irene Castle, Vickers, Vickers F.B.5, Victoria Cross, VIII Brigade RAF, W. E. Johns, Western Front (World War I), Wilfred Parke, William Barnard Rhodes-Moorhouse, William Cushion, William George Barker, William Stephenson, William Young (veteran), Wing (military aviation unit), Wings (BBC TV series), Winston Churchill, Wireless, Woodford Green, Woodham Mortimer, World War I, World War II, 1st Army (German Empire). Expand index (294 more) » « Shrink index
Abu Qir (ابو قير, Abu Qīr, or), formerly also spelled Abukir or Aboukir, is a town on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, near the ruins of ancient Canopus and northeast of Alexandria by rail.
Abu Suweir Air Base is an Egyptian Air Force (القوات الجوية المصرية) base, located approximately west of Ismaïlia and northeast of Cairo.
Aces High is a 1976 Anglo-French war film directed by Jack Gold and starring Malcolm McDowell, Peter Firth, Christopher Plummer and Simon Ward.
The Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (ACA) was a United Kingdom agency founded on 30 April 1909, to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research.
Aerial photography (or airborne imagery) is the taking of photographs from an aircraft or other flying object.
Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft.
Aerial warfare is the battlespace use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare.
The Air Battalion Royal Engineers (ABRE) was the first flying unit of the British Armed Forces to make use of heavier-than-air craft.
The Air Ministry was a department of the Government of the United Kingdom with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the Royal Air Force, that existed from 1918 to 1964.
The Aircraft Manufacturing Company Limited (Airco) was a British aircraft manufacturer operating from 1912 to 1920.
The Airco DH.2 was a single-seat biplane "pusher" aircraft which operated as a fighter during the First World War.
The Airco DH.4 was a British two-seat biplane day bomber of the First World War.
The Airco DH.5 was a British First World War single-seat fighter aircraft designed to replace the obsolete Airco DH.2.
The Airco DH.6 was a British military trainer biplane used by the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War.
The Airco DH.9 (from de Havilland 9) – also known after 1920 as the de Havilland DH.9 – was a British single-engined biplane bomber developed and deployed during the First World War.
Aircraft dope is a plasticised lacquer that is applied to fabric-covered aircraft (both full-size and flying models).
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.
Albatros-Flugzeugwerke GmbH was a German aircraft manufacturer best known for supplying the German airforces during World War I. The company was based in Johannisthal, Berlin, where it was founded by Walter Huth and Otto Wiener on December 20, 1909.
Albert Ball, (14 August 1896 – 7 May 1917) was an English fighter pilot during the First World War.
Alexander Heinrich Rudolph von Kluck (20 May 1846 – 19 October 1934) was a German general during World War I.
Captain Alfred Clayburn Atkey (16 August 1894 – 14 February 1971) was a Canadian First World War flying ace, officially credited with thirty-eight aerial victories, making him the fifth highest scoring Canadian ace.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
The Anno Dracula series by Kim Newman—named after Anno Dracula (1992), the series' first novel—is a work of fantasy depicting an alternate history in which the heroes of Bram Stoker's novel Dracula fail to stop Count Dracula's conquest of Great Britain, resulting in a world where vampires are common and increasingly dominant in society.
Armour Heights Field was home to a Royal Flying Corps airfield in Toronto, Ontario, Canada during World War I, and was one of three in the area.
Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Co Ltd was a major British manufacturing company of the early years of the 20th century.
The Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8 was a British two-seat general-purpose biplane built by Armstrong Whitworth during the First World War.
The Army Air Corps (AAC) is a component of the British Army, first formed in 1942 during the Second World War by grouping the various airborne units of the British Army (which are no longer part of the AAC).
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Australian Flying Corps (AFC) was the branch of the Australian Army responsible for operating aircraft during World War I, and the forerunner of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).
The Aviation Section, Signal Corps, was the aerial warfare service of the United States from 1914 to 1918, and a direct statutory ancestor of the United States Air Force.
Avro was a British aircraft manufacturer.
The Avro 504 was a First World War biplane aircraft made by the Avro aircraft company and under licence by others.
The Avro Type G was a two-seat biplane designed by A.V. Roe to participate in the 1912 British Military Aeroplane Competition.
Ayr (Inbhir Àir, "Mouth of the River Ayr") is a large town and former Royal Burgh on the west coast of Ayrshire in Scotland.
A balloon is a flexible bag that can be inflated with a gas, such as helium, hydrogen, nitrous oxide, oxygen, air or water.
The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front.
The Battle of Aubers Ridge was a British offensive on the Western Front on 9 May 1915 during World War I. The battle was part of the British contribution to the Second Battle of Artois, a Franco-British offensive intended to exploit the German diversion of troops to the Eastern Front.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.
The Battle of Caporetto (also known as the Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo, the Battle of Kobarid or the Battle of Karfreit as it was known by the Central Powers) was a battle on the Austro-Italian front of World War I. The battle was fought between the Entente and the Central Powers and took place from 24 October to 19 November 1917, near the town of Kobarid (now in north-western Slovenia, then part of the Austrian Littoral).
The Battle of Messines was conducted by the British Second Army (General Sir Herbert Plumer), on the Western Front near the village of Messines in West Flanders, Belgium, during the First World War.
The Battle of Mons was the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the First World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
Battlefield 1 is a first-person shooter video game developed by EA DICE and published by Electronic Arts.
The community of Beamsville (2011 Urban area estimated population 10,679) is part of the town of Lincoln in the province of Ontario in Canada.
Belleville (Canada 2016 Census population 50,716; census agglomeration population 103,472) is a city located at the mouth of the Moira River on the Bay of Quinte in Southern (Central) Ontario, Canada, along the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor.
The Bessonneau hangar was a portable timber and canvas aircraft hangar used by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) during World War I (WW1, or the 'Great War').
James Bigglesworth, nicknamed "Biggles", is a fictional pilot and adventurer, the title character and hero of the Biggles series of adventure books, written for young readers by W. E. Johns (1893–1968).
William Avery Bishop, (8 February 1894 – 11 September 1956) was a Canadian flying ace of the First World War, Victoria Cross recipient, and Air Marshal.
Blackadder Goes Forth is the fourth and final series of the BBC sitcom Blackadder, written by Richard Curtis and Ben Elton, which aired from 28 September to 2 November 1989 on BBC One.
Bloody April refers to April 1917, and is the name given to the (largely successful) British air support operations during the Battle of Arras, during which particularly heavy casualties were suffered by the Royal Flying Corps at the hands of the German Luftstreitkräfte.
A bomb is an explosive weapon that uses the exothermic reaction of an explosive material to provide an extremely sudden and violent release of energy.
Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
The Bristol Aeroplane Company, originally the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company, was both one of the first and one of the most important British aviation companies, designing and manufacturing both airframes and aircraft engines.
The Bristol F.2 Fighter was a British two-seat biplane fighter and reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War developed by Frank Barnwell at the Bristol Aeroplane Company.
The Bristol Scout was a single-seat rotary-engined biplane originally designed as a racing aircraft.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
British Security Co-ordination (BSC) was a covert organisation set up in New York City by the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) in May 1940 upon the authorisation of Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
The British Union of Fascists, or BUF, was a fascist political party in the United Kingdom formed in 1932 by Oswald Mosley.
A bunker is a defensive military fortification designed to protect people or valued materials from falling bombs or other attacks.
Camp Taliaferro was a World War I flight-training center run under the direction of the Air Service, United States Army in the Fort Worth, Texas, area.
The Canadian Aviation Corps (CAC) was an early attempt to create an air force for Canada at the beginning of the First World War.
Cecil Arthur Lewis (29 March 1898 – 27 January 1997) was a British fighter pilot who flew in World War I. He went on to co-found the British Broadcasting Company and enjoy a long career as a writer, notably of the aviation classic Sagittarius Rising (some scenes from which were represented in the film Aces High).
Central Flying School (CFS) is a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) training unit, located at RAAF Base East Sale, Victoria.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Canadian Forces Base Borden (also CFB Borden, French: Base des Forces canadiennes Borden or BFC Borden) is a Canadian Forces base located in Ontario.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
Sir Charles Galton Darwin, KBE, MC, FRS (18 December 1887 – 31 December 1962) was an English physicist who served as director of the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) during the Second World War.
Sir Charles Edward Kingsford Smith, MC, AFC (9 February 1897 – 8 November 1935), often called by his nickname Smithy, was an early Australian aviator.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Charles Frederick Algernon Portal, 1st Viscount Portal of Hungerford, (21 May 1893 – 22 April 1971) was a senior Royal Air Force officer.
Air Commodore Charles Rumney Samson, (8 July 1883 – 5 February 1931) was a British naval aviation pioneer.
A chauffeur is a person employed to drive a passenger motor vehicle, especially a luxury vehicle such as a large sedan or limousine.
A château (plural châteaux; in both cases) is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of nobility or gentry, with or without fortifications, originally—and still most frequently—in French-speaking regions.
The title chief of staff (or head of staff) identifies the leader of a complex organization, institution, or body of persons and it also may identify a principal staff officer (PSO), who is the coordinator of the supporting staff or a primary aide-de-camp to an important individual, such as a president or a senior military officer.
Arthur Christopher Orme Plummer (born December 13, 1929) is a Canadian actor.
Captain Clive Franklyn Collett (28 August 1896—23 December 1917) was a World War I flying ace from New Zealand credited with 11 aerial victories.
A cockade is a knot of ribbons, or other circular- or oval-shaped symbol of distinctive colors which is usually worn on a hat.
Colonel (Col) is a rank of the British Army and Royal Marines, ranking below brigadier, and above lieutenant colonel.
The Committee of Imperial Defence was an important ad hoc part of the government of the United Kingdom and the British Empire from just after the Second Boer War until the start of the Second World War.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is an intergovernmental organisation of six independent member states whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars.
Captain Cuthbert Julian Orde (18 December 1888 – 19 December 1968) was an artist and First World War pilot.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Cyril Louis Norton Newall, 1st Baron Newall, (15 February 1886 – 30 November 1963) was a senior officer of the British Army and Royal Air Force.
Lieutenant General Sir David Henderson, (11 August 1862 – 17 August 1921) was the senior leader of British military aviation during the First World War, having previously established himself as the leading authority on tactical intelligence in the British Army.
James David Graham Niven (1 March 1910 – 29 July 1983) was an English actor, memoirist and novelist.
Deflection is a technique used for effectively propelling a projectile at a moving target, also known as leading the target, i.e. shooting ahead of a moving target so that the target and projectile will collide.
Derek Robinson (born 12 April 1932) is a British author best known for his military aviation novels full of black humour.
Deseronto is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, in Hastings County, located at the mouth of the Napanee River on the shore of the Bay of Quinte, on the northern side of Lake Ontario.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Donald Charles Cunnell (December 1893 – 12 July 1917) was a British First World War flying ace who was killed in action over Belgium.
Donald Lamont Jack (6 December 1924 – 2 June 2003) was an English and Canadian novelist and playwright.
Donald Roderick MacLaren DSO, MC & Bar, DFC (28 May 1893 – 4 July 1988) was a Canadian World War I flying ace.
Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.
East Fortune is a village in East Lothian, Scotland, located 2 miles (3 km) north west of East Linton.
Edinburgh Airport (Edinburgh Airport, Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann) is an airport located in the Ingliston area of the City of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edmund Goulding (20 March 1891 – 24 December 1959) was a British film writer and director.
Major General Edward Bailey Ashmore, (20 February 1872 – 5 October 1953) was a British Army officer from the 1890s to the 1920s who served in the Royal Artillery, the Royal Flying Corps and briefly in the Royal Air Force before founding and developing the organisation that would become the Royal Observer Corps.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside.
Eric Lawrence Moxey, GC (14 April 1894 – 27 August 1940) was an officer of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve who was posthumously awarded the George Cross for attempting to defuse enemy bombs on an airfield in 1940.
Errol Leslie Flynn (20 June 1909 – 14 October 1959) was an Australian-born American actor who achieved fame in Hollywood after 1935.
The Etrich Taube, also known by the names of the various later manufacturers who build versions of the type, such as the Rumpler Taube, was a pre-World War I monoplane aircraft.
Lieutenant Colonel Cuthbert Euan Charles Rabagliati, (1 January 1892 – 6 January 1978) was a British soldier, pilot, race car driver and intelligence officer.
Eustace Broke Loraine (3 September 1879 – 5 July 1912) was a pioneer British aviator and the first Royal Flying Corps officer to be killed in an aircraft crash.
Everard Richard Calthrop (3 March 1857 – 30 March 1927) was a British railway engineer and inventor.
Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society judges to have made a "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".
A fin flash is part of the national markings of the military aircraft of a number of countries.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
The First Battle of the Aisne (1re Bataille de l'Aisne) was the Allied follow-up offensive against the right wing of the German First Army (led by Alexander von Kluck) and the Second Army (led by Karl von Bülow) as they retreated after the First Battle of the Marne earlier in September 1914.
The Battle of the Marne (Première bataille de la Marne, also known as the Miracle of the Marne, Le Miracle de la Marne) was a World War I battle fought from It resulted in an Allied victory against the German armies in the west.
A flight is a military unit in an air force, naval air service, or army air corps.
Flight training is a course of study used when learning to pilot an aircraft.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
Fokker was a Dutch aircraft manufacturer named after its founder, Anthony Fokker.
Fort Worth is the 15th-largest city in the United States and the fifth-largest city in the state of Texas.
Francis Peabody Magoun, Jr. MC (January 6, 1895 – June 5, 1979) was one of the seminal figures in the study of medieval and English literature in the 20th century, a scholar of subjects as varied as soccer and ancient Germanic naming practices, and translator of numerous important texts.
Air Vice Marshal Sir Frederick Hugh Sykes, (23 July 1877 – 30 September 1954) was a British military officer and politician.
Gainsborough is a town in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England.
Gas lighting is production of artificial light from combustion of a gaseous fuel, such as hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, propane, butane, acetylene, ethylene, or natural gas.
Air Chief Marshal Sir William Geoffrey Hanson Salmond, (19 August 1878 – 27 April 1933), commonly known as Sir Geoffrey Salmond, was a senior commander in the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War.
The George Cross (GC) is the second highest award of the United Kingdom honours system.
Captain George Edward Henry McElroy MC & Two Bars, DFC & Bar (14 May 1893 – 31 July 1918) was a leading Irish-born fighter pilot of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force during World War I. He was credited with 47 aerial victories.
Air Marshal George Owen Johnson CB, MC (January 24, 1896 – March 28, 1980) was a Canadian aviator, World War I Flying Ace and a senior commander in the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II.
George Morgan Trefgarne, 1st Baron Trefgarne (14 September 1894 – 27 September 1960), known as George Garro-Jones until 1947, was a British Liberal, then Labour Party politician, barrister, businessman and editor of The Daily Dispatch.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
The best-known German strategic bombing campaign during World War I was the campaign against England, although strategic bombing raids were carried out or attempted on other fronts.
Goldington is an electoral ward within the town of Bedford, Bedfordshire, England.
Goshawk Squadron is a 1971 black comedy novel by Derek Robinson which tells of the adventures of a squadron of SE5a pilots from January 1918 to the time of the German spring offensive of March 1918.
Gosport is a town in Hampshire on the south coast of England.
The Great Retreat, also known as the Retreat from Mons, is the name given to the long withdrawal to the River Marne, in August and September 1914, by the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and the French Fifth Army, Allied forces on the Western Front in World War I, after their defeat by the Imperial German armies at the Battle of Charleroi (21 August) and the Battle of Mons (23 August).
A guardhouse (also known as a watch house, guard building, guard booth, guard shack, security booth, security building, or sentry building) is a building used to house personnel and security equipment.
Hubert Dunsterville Harvey-Kelly (1891–1917) was a British First World War pilot who was credited with being the first Royal Flying Corps (RFC) pilot to land in France in the war, and of being the first RFC pilot to down an enemy aircraft.
Handley Page Limited was founded by Frederick Handley Page (later Sir Frederick) in 1909 as the United Kingdom's first publicly traded aircraft manufacturing company.
The Handley Page Type O was a biplane bomber used by Britain during the First World War.
Harrietsham is a rural and industrial village and civil parish in the Maidstone District of Kent, England noted in the Domesday Book.
Hell's Angels is a 1930 pre-Code independently made American epic aviation war film, directed and produced by Howard Hughes, that stars Ben Lyon, James Hall, and Jean Harlow.
Sir Henry Thomas Tizard (23 August 1885 – 9 October 1959) was an English chemist, inventor and Rector of Imperial College, who developed the modern "octane rating" used to classify petrol, helped develop radar in World War II, and led the first serious studies of UFOs.
Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, (24 June 1850 – 5 June 1916), was a senior British Army officer and colonial administrator who won notoriety for his imperial campaigns, most especially his scorched earth policy against the Boers and his establishment of concentration camps during the Second Boer War, and later played a central role in the early part of the First World War.
Hingham is a market town and civil parish in the Forehoe district in the heart of rural Norfolk, in England.
The homing pigeon is a variety of domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) derived from the rock pigeon, selectively bred for its ability to find its way home over extremely long distances.
Hove is a town in East Sussex, England, immediately west of its larger neighbour Brighton, with which it forms the unitary authority Brighton and Hove.
Howard Robard Hughes Jr. (December 24, 1905 – April 5, 1976) was an American business magnate, investor, record-setting pilot, film director, and philanthropist, known during his lifetime as one of the most financially successful individuals in the world.
Air Chief Marshal Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding, (24 April 1882 – 15 February 1970) was an officer in the Royal Air Force.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, (3 February 1873 – 10 February 1956) was a British officer who was instrumental in establishing the Royal Air Force.
The Independent Air Force (IAF), also known as the Independent Force or the Independent Bombing Force and later known as the Inter-Allied Independent Air Force, was a First World War strategic bombing force which was part of the British Royal Air Force and was used to strike against German railways, aerodromes, and industrial centres without co-ordination with the Army or Navy.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
Interservice rivalry is the rivalry between different branches of a country's armed forces, in other words the competition for limited resources among a nation's land, naval, and air forces.
Ismailia (الإسماعيلية) is a city in north-eastern Egypt.
Ismailia Air Base Air Base is an Egyptian Air Force (القوات الجوية المصرية) helicopter base, located approximately 4 km west-northwest of the city of Ismailia; (Al Isma`iliyah); 116 km northeast of Cairo.
Jack Gold (28 June 1930 – 9 August 2015) was a British film and television director.
Sir John Berry Hobbs (16 December 1882 – 21 December 1963), always known as Jack Hobbs, was an English professional cricketer who played for Surrey from 1905 to 1934 and for England in 61 Test matches between 1908 and 1930.
A Jagdstaffel (plural Jagdstaffeln, abbreviated to Jasta) was a fighter Staffel (squadron) of the German Imperial Luftstreitkräfte during World War I.
James Thomas Byford McCudden, (28 March 1895 – 9 July 1918) was an English flying ace of the First World War and among the most highly decorated airmen in British military history.
Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts (24 May 1870 11 September 1950) was a prominent South African and British Commonwealth statesman, military leader and philosopher.
Jeejeebhoy Piroshaw Bomanjee Jeejeebhoy (9 November 1891, Mumbai, India–9 April 1950, Harlow, Essex) was the first Indian military pilot, briefly serving in the Royal Flying Corps during World War I. Born into a minor aristocratic Parsi family, Jeejeebhoy was elected a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society in 1912.
Field Marshal John Denton Pinkstone French, 1st Earl of Ypres, (28 September 1852 – 22 May 1925), known as Sir John French from 1901 to 1916, and as The Viscount French between 1916 and 1922, was a senior British Army officer.
Sir John Edward Lennard-Jones KBE, FRS (27 October 1894 – 1 November 1954) was an English mathematician who was a professor of theoretical physics at University of Bristol, and then of theoretical science at the University of Cambridge.
Lieutenant-Colonel John Theodore Cuthbert Moore-Brabazon, 1st Baron Brabazon of Tara, (8 February 1884 – 17 May 1964) was an English aviation pioneer and Conservative politician.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir John Maitland Salmond, (17 July 1881 – 16 April 1968) was a British military officer who rose to high rank in the Royal Flying Corps and then the Royal Air Force.
Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
Karl Brooks Heisey (1895, Markham, Ontario – 7 December 1937, Toronto, Ontario) was a well-known Canadian mining engineer and mining executive in the 1930s.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Rodney Park, (15 June 1892 – 6 February 1975) was a New Zealand soldier, First World War flying ace and Second World War Royal Air Force commander.
Kim James Newman (born 31 July 1959) is an English journalist, film critic, and fiction writer.
Kortrijk (in English also Courtrai or Courtray; official name in Dutch: Kortrijk,; West Flemish: Kortryk or Kortrik, Courtrai,; Cortoriacum) is a Belgian city and municipality in the Flemish province of West Flanders.
Lanoe George Hawker, (30 December 1890 – 23 November 1916) was a British flying ace of the First World War.
Larkhill is a garrison town in the civil parish of Durrington, Wiltshire, England.
Leaside Aerodrome was an airport in the Town of Leaside, Ontario (now a neighbourhood of Toronto).
Air Commodore Lionel Evelyn Oswald Charlton, (7 July 1879 – 18 April 1958) was a British infantry officer who served in the Second Boer War.
This is a list of aircraft used by the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) from 13 April 1912, when it was formed from the Air Battalion Royal Engineers, until 1 April 1918 when it was merged with the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) to form the Royal Air Force (RAF).
This is a list of ambassadors of the United States to the Dominican Republic.
This is a list of governors, etc.
Squadrons are the main form of flying unit of the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The London Air Defence Area (LADA) was the name given to the organisation created to defend London from the increasing threat from German airships during World War I. Formed in September 1915, it was commanded initially by Admiral Sir Percy Scott, a controversial figure, responsible for major advances in naval gunnery techniques, but also accused of insubordination and profiting from his inventions.
Long Branch Aerodrome was an airfield located west of Toronto, Ontario and just east of Port Credit, now Mississauga, and was Canada's first aerodrome.
Louis Arbon Strange, (27 July 1891 – 15 November 1966) was an English aviator, who served in both World War I and World War II.
The Deutsche Luftstreitkräfte (German Air Force)—known before October 1916 as the Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches (Imperial German Flying Corps) or simply Die Fliegertruppe—was the World War I (1914–18) air arm of the German Army, of which it remained an integral part.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Malcolm McDowell (born Malcolm John Taylor; 13 June 1943) is an English actor, known for his boisterous and sometimes villainous roles.
Malcolm Cuthbert Nokes MC MA BSc (20 May 1897 – 22 November 1986) was a British schoolteacher, soldier, research scientist and Olympic athlete, who competed in the hammer throw and discus throw.
Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2 May 1892 – 21 April 1918), also known as the "Red Baron", was a fighter pilot with the German Air Force during World War I. He is considered the ace-of-aces of the war, being officially credited with 80 air combat victories.
Marne is a department in north-eastern France named after the river Marne (Matrona in Roman times) which flows through the department.
Marske-by-the-Sea is a village in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England.
The Martinsyde G.100 "Elephant" and the G.102 were British fighter bomber aircraft of the First World War built by Martinsyde.
The Martin-Handasyde Scout 1 was a British biplane aircraft of the early part of the First World War built by Martin-Handasyde Limited.
Maubeuge (historical Mabuse or Malbode) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Menen (Menin, West Flemish dialect: Mêenn or Mêende) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.
Mercedes Ritchie Lackey (born June 24, 1950) is an American writer of fantasy novels.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
A mess or mess hall (also called a mess deck aboard ships) is an area where military personnel socialize, eat, and (in some cases) live.
Edward Corringham "Mick" Mannock (24 May 1887 – 26 July 1918) was a British flying ace in the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force during the First World War.
Michael Terrance O'Brien (10 August 1893 – 12 September 1940), commonly referred to as Mick O'Brien, was an Irish footballer and coach whose career took him to at least seventeen different clubs.
A military air base (sometimes referred to as a military airfield, military airport, air force station, air force base or short air base) is an aerodrome (military base) used by a military force for the operation of military aircraft.
A military aircraft is any fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary armed service of any type.
Military aircraft insignia are insignia applied to military aircraft to identify the nation or branch of military service to which the aircraft belongs.
The Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte (Mohawk: Kenhtè:ke Kanyen'kehá:ka) are a Mohawk First Nation within Hastings County, Ontario.
A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.
Aéroplanes Morane-Saulnier was a French aircraft manufacturing company formed in October 1911 by Raymond Saulnier (1881–1964) and the Morane brothers, Léon (1885–1918) and Robert (1886–1968).
The Morane-Saulnier N, also known as the Morane-Saulnier Type N, was a French monoplane fighter aircraft of the First World War.
Netheravon is a village and civil parish on the River Avon and A345 road, about north of the town of Amesbury in Wiltshire, South West England.
Nieuport, later Nieuport-Delage, was a French aeroplane company that primarily built racing aircraft before World War I and fighter aircraft during World War I and between the wars.
The Nieuport 17 C.1 was a French sesquiplaneA type of biplane in which one pair of wings is markedly smaller than the other.
The Nieuport 24 was a French sesquiplane fighter aircraft during World War I designed by Gustave Delage as a replacement for the successful Nieuport 17.
The Nieuport 27 was a French sesquiplane fighter aircraft during World War I designed by Gustave Delage.
A Nissen hut is a prefabricated steel structure for military use, made from a half-cylindrical skin of corrugated steel.
The No 1 School of Military Aeronautics was a World War I training school for the Royal Flying Corps (RFC), based in Reading, England.
Not to be confused with No. 2 Squadron RAF Regiment No.
No 3 Squadron of the Royal Air Force operates the Typhoon F2, FGR4 and T3 from RAF Coningsby, Lincolnshire.
No 36 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps (later the Royal Air Force) was formed at Cramlington in 1916 and was disbanded for the last time in 1975.
Air Commodore Noel Stephen "Peter" Paynter (26 December 1898 – 16 March 1998) was a former chief intelligence officer of Bomber Command.
A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission.
Osbert Guy Stanhope Crawford (28 October 1886 – 28 November 1957), better known as O. G. S. Crawford, was a British archaeologist who specialised in the study of prehistoric Britain and the archaeology of Sudan.
An observation balloon is a type of balloon that is employed as an aerial platform for intelligence gathering and artillery spotting.
Ochey is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.
Optimism bias (also known as unrealistic or comparative optimism) is a cognitive bias that causes a person to believe that they are at a lesser risk of experiencing a negative event compared to others.
Ordnance Survey (OS) is a national mapping agency in the United Kingdom which covers the island of Great Britain.
Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, 6th Baronet of Ancoats (16 November 1896 – 3 December 1980) was a British politician who rose to fame in the 1920s as a Member of Parliament and later in the 1930s became leader of the British Union of Fascists (BUF).
Palestine (فلسطين,,; Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Palaestina; פלשתינה. Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia.
The Palestine Brigade of the Royal Flying Corps, and later Royal Air Force, was formed 5 October 1917 in response to General Allenby's request for an air formation for his planned offensive against the Ottoman Empire in Palestine.
A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).
Per ardua ad astra ("Through adversity to the stars" or "Through struggle to the stars") is the motto of the Royal Air Force and other Commonwealth air forces such as the RAAF, RNZAF, the SAAF, as well as the Royal Indian Air Force until 1947.
Phelps Phelps (May 4, 1897 – June 10, 1981), born Phelps von Rottenburg, was an American politician who held a number of offices in New York before becoming the 38th Governor of American Samoa and the United States Ambassador to the Dominican Republic.
Air Vice-Marshal Sir Philip Woolcott Game, (30 March 1876 – 4 February 1961) was a British Royal Air Force commander, who later served as Governor of New South Wales and Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis (London).
Phoenix and Ashes (2004) is a fantasy novel by American writer Mercedes Lackey, a well-known fantasy author.
The Presidential Medal of Freedom is an award bestowed by the President of the United States and is—along with the comparable Congressional Gold Medal—the highest civilian award of the United States.
"Private Plane", or "Plan D: Private Plane", is the fourth episode of Blackadder Goes Forth, the fourth series of the BBC sitcom Blackadder.
The Race to the Sea took place from about 1914, after the Battle of the Frontiers and the German advance into France, which had been stopped at the First Battle of the Marne and was followed by the First Battle of the Aisne a Franco-British counter-offensive.
RAF Bomber Command controlled the RAF's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968.
RAF El Amiriya is a former Royal Air Force military airfield in Egypt, located approximately 16 km south-southwest of Alexandria; 180 km northwest of Cairo El Amiriya was a pre–World War II airfield, first used in 1917.
RAF Fighter Command was one of the commands of the Royal Air Force.
Royal Air Force Marham, or more simply RAF Marham, is a Royal Air Force station and military airbase near the village of Marham in the English county of Norfolk, East Anglia.
Middle East Command was a command of the Royal Air Force (RAF) that was active during the Second World War.
RAF Northolt is a Royal Air Force station in South Ruislip, from Uxbridge in the London Borough of Hillingdon, west London.
Royal Air Force Station Wittering or more simply RAF Wittering is a Royal Air Force station within the unitary authority area of Peterborough, Cambridgeshire and the district of East Northamptonshire.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
Ripon is a cathedral city in the Borough of Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Henry Robert Moore Brooke-Popham, (18 September 1878 – 20 October 1953) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force.
Robert Raymond Smith Barry (4 April 1886 – 23 April 1949) was an officer in the Royal Flying Corps and its successor, the Royal Air Force.
A roundel is a circular disc used as a symbol.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) was a British research establishment, known by several different names during its history, that eventually came under the aegis of the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), before finally losing its identity in mergers with other institutions.
The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.12 was a British single-seat aeroplane of The First World War designed at the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 was a British single-engine tractor two-seat biplane designed and developed by the Royal Aircraft Factory.
Between 1911 and 1914, the Royal Aircraft Factory used the F.E.2 (Farman Experimental 2) designation for three quite different aircraft that shared only a common "Farman" pusher biplane layout.
The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8 was a British single-seat fighter of the First World War designed at the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8 was a British two-seat biplane reconnaissance and bomber aircraft of the First World War designed and produced at the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 was a British biplane fighter aircraft of the First World War.
The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF; Aviation royale canadienne, ARC) is the air force of Canada.
The Royal Canadian Naval Air Service (RCNAS) was established in 1918 during the First World War in response to the Royal Canadian Navy's recommendation that defensive air patrols be established off Canada's Atlantic coast to protect shipping from German U-boats.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914Admiralty Circular CW.13963/14, 1 July 1914: "Royal Naval Air Service – Organisation" to 1 April 1918, when it was merged with the British Army's Royal Flying Corps to form a new service, the Royal Air Force, the first of its kind in the world.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Saarbrücken (Sarrebruck, Rhine Franconian: Saarbrigge) is the capital and largest city of the state of Saarland, Germany.
In heraldry, the Saint George's Cross, also called Cross of Saint George, is a red cross on a white background, which from the Late Middle Ages became associated with Saint George, the military saint, often depicted as a crusader.
Saint-Omer (Sint-Omaars) is a commune in France.
Salisbury Plain is a chalk plateau in the south western part of central southern England covering.
The term scout, as a description of a class of military aircraft, came into use shortly before the First World War, and initially referred to a fast (for its time), light (usually single-seated) unarmed reconnaissance aircraft.
Seaton Carew is a small seaside resort in the town of Hartlepool, North East England, with a population of 6,018(2017).
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
Second lieutenant (called lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1b rank.
Simon Anthony Fox Ward (19 October 194120 July 2012) was an English stage and film actor.
The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, supported by the German Empire.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Arthur Travers Harris, 1st Baronet, (13 April 1892 – 5 April 1984), commonly known as "Bomber" Harris by the press and often within the RAF as "Butcher" Harris, was Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief (AOC-in-C) RAF Bomber Command during the height of the Anglo-American strategic bombing campaign against Nazi Germany in the Second World War.
SPAD (Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés) was a French aircraft manufacturer active between 1911 and 1921.
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
The Sopwith 1½ Strutter was a British single or two-seat multi-role biplane aircraft of the First World War.
The Sopwith Aviation Company later Sopwith Aviation & Engineering Company was a British aircraft company that designed and manufactured aeroplanes mainly for the British Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Flying Corps and later Royal Air Force in the First World War, most famously the Sopwith Camel.
The Sopwith Camel was a British First World War single-seat biplane fighter aircraft introduced on the Western Front in 1917.
The Sopwith 5F.1 Dolphin was a British fighter aircraft manufactured by the Sopwith Aviation Company.
The Sopwith Pup was a British single-seater biplane fighter aircraft built by the Sopwith Aviation Company.
The Sopwith TF.2 Salamander was a British ground-attack aircraft of the First World War designed by the Sopwith Aviation Company which first flew in April 1918.
The Sopwith Triplane was a British single seat fighter aircraft designed and manufactured by the Sopwith Aviation Company during the First World War.
The South African Air Force (SAAF) is the air force of South Africa, with headquarters in Pretoria.
Southern Cross is the name of the Fokker F.VIIb/3m trimotor monoplane that in 1928 was flown by Australian aviator Charles Kingsford Smith, Charles Ulm, Harry Lyon and James Warner in the first-ever trans-Pacific flight to Australia from the mainland United States, a distance of about.
The SPAD S.VII was the first of a series of highly successful biplane fighter aircraft produced by Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD) during the First World War.
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
A squadron in air force, army aviation, or naval aviation is a unit comprising a number of military aircraft and their aircrews, usually of the same type, typically with 12 to 24 aircraft, sometimes divided into three or four flights, depending on aircraft type and air force.
A military staff (often referred to as general staff, army staff, navy staff, or air staff within the individual services) is a group of officers, enlisted and civilian personnel that are responsible for the administrative, operational and logistical needs of its unit.
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, west of Amesbury.
Strafing is the military practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons Less commonly, the term can be used—by extension—to describe high-speed firing runs by any land or naval craft (e.g. fast boats) using smaller-caliber weapons and targeting stationary or slow-moving targets.
Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale or its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.
The Tasman Sea (Māori: Te Tai-o-Rehua) is a marginal sea of the South Pacific Ocean, situated between Australia and New Zealand.
The Terra Nova Expedition, officially the British Antarctic Expedition, was an expedition to Antarctica which took place between 1910 and 1913.
The Bandy Papers is a series of novels chronicling the exploits of a World War I fighter ace named Bartholomew Wolfe Bandy.
The Bloody Red Baron is a 1995 Alternate history/horror novel by British author Kim Newman.
The Dawn Patrol is a 1938 American war film, a remake of the pre-Code 1930 film of the same name.
"The Last Flight" is episode 18 of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone.
The Twilight Zone (also marketed as Twilight Zone, sans "The") is an American science fiction horror fantasy anthology television series created and presented by Rod Serling, which ran for five seasons on CBS from 1959 to 1964.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory, (11 July 1892 – 14 November 1944) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force.
A tricolour or tricolor is a type of flag or banner design with a triband design which originated in the 16th century as a symbol of republicanism, liberty or indeed revolution.
A trimotor is an aircraft powered by three engines and represents a compromise between complexity and safety and was often a result of the limited power of the engines available to the designer.
Jens Tryggve Herman Gran (20 January 1888 – 8 January 1980) was a Norwegian aviator, explorer and author.
The Trump Turnberry is a golf resort on the coast of the outer Firth of Clyde in southwestern Scotland owned by United States President Donald Trump.
Tyendinaga (Mohawk) Airport is a registered aerodrome that is open to the public and caters mainly to general aviation.
The Union Defence Force (UDF) was the military force of the Union of South Africa from 1 July 1912, when the Defence Act (No 13 of 1912) took effect, two years after the creation of the Union of South Africa, until 1957 when it was reorganised and renamed the South African Defence Force.
The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.
Vernon and Irene Castle were a husband-and-wife team of ballroom dancers and dance teachers who appeared on Broadway and in silent films early in the early 20th century.
Vickers was a famous name in British engineering that existed through many companies from 1828 until 1999.
The Vickers F.B.5 (Fighting Biplane 5) (known as the "Gunbus") was a British two-seat pusher military biplane of the First World War.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
The VIII Brigade or 8th Brigade of the Royal Flying Corps and from 1 April 1918, Royal Air Force, was a bomber formation which carried out air raids against Germany in the First World War.
William Earl Johns (5 February 189321 June 1968) was an English First World War pilot, and writer of adventure stories, usually written under the pen name Captain W. E. Johns.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Lieutenant Wilfred Parke RN (1889–1912) was a British aviator who was the first pilot to make an observed recovery from a spin.
William Barnard Rhodes-Moorhouse VC (born William Barnard Moorhouse; 26 September 1887 – 27 April 1915) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Air Vice Marshal Sir William Boston Cushion, (30 January 1891 – 16 January 1978) was a British Army and Royal Air Force officer and an executive of the British Overseas Airways Corporation.
William George "Billy" Barker, (3 November 1894 – 12 March 1930) was a Canadian First World War fighter ace and Victoria Cross recipient.
Sir William Samuel Stephenson, CC, MC, DFC (23 January 1897 – 31 January 1989) was a Canadian soldier, airman, businessman, inventor, spymaster, and the senior representative of British Security Coordination (BSC) for the entire western hemisphere during World War II.
William Alexander Smillie Young, also known as Sandy Young, (4 January 1900 – 24 July 2007) was, at age 107, one of the last surviving British veterans of the First World War.
In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command.
Wings is a drama series about the Royal Flying Corps that ran on BBC television from 1977 to 1978.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
Wireless communication, or sometimes simply wireless, is the transfer of information or power between two or more points that are not connected by an electrical conductor.
Woodford Green is part of the suburb of Woodford in East London, England.
Woodham Mortimer is a village on the Dengie peninsula about three miles west-south-west of Maldon in the English county of Essex.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 1st Army (1.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the VIII Army Inspection.