211 relations: Aden, Airborne forces, Allied invasion of Italy, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allies of World War II, Anthony Eden, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Barberton, Mpumalanga, Basra, Battle honours of the British and Imperial Armies, Battle of Albert (1916), Battle of Arnhem, Battle of Belgium, Battle of Blenheim, Battle of Krithia, Battle of Le Cateau, Battle of Le Transloy, Battle of Messines (1914), Battle of Monte Cassino, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of the Somme, Beach groups, Bocage, Bournemouth, Brigade group, British Armed Forces, British Army, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), Cadre (military), Cap badge, Captain (British Army and Royal Marines), Carlton Place drill hall, Southampton, Castle Hill, Winchester, Chemical warfare, Childers Reforms, Christmas truce, Churchill tank, Coldstream Guards, Commanding officer, Company (military unit), Conscription in the United Kingdom, David Fraser (British Army officer), Dennis George Wyldbore Hewitt, Devonshire Regiment, Dorset Regiment, Drill Hall Road Army Reserve Centre, Newport, Isle of Wight, Dunkirk evacuation, ..., Durham Light Infantry, Edmund Haythorne, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Fallschirmjäger, First Army (United Kingdom), First Battle of the Aisne, First Battle of the Marne, Gallipoli, Gallipoli Campaign, George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys (British Army officer), George Raymond Dallas Moor, Gerard Norton, German Army (German Empire), German Army (Wehrmacht), Gothic Line, Government of Greece, Greek Civil War, Greek People's Liberation Army, Grenadier Guards, Guards Armoured Division, Hampshire, Henry Errington Longden, Historic counties of England, Holdenhurst Road drill hall, Bournemouth, II Corps (Poland), Infantry, Invasion of Normandy, Iran, Irish Republican Army, Isle of Wight Rifles, John Wellesley Thomas, Karachi, King's Regiment (Liverpool), Lamone (river), Landing at Cape Helles, Large regiment, Lieutenant (British Army and Royal Marines), Line infantry, London, Lower Barracks, M4 Sherman, Major (United Kingdom), Malta, Mark W. Clark, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Mesopotamia, Militia (United Kingdom), Mont Pinçon, Montague Shadworth Seymour Moore, Motorized infantry, Newport, Isle of Wight, Ninth Army (France), No man's land, Normandy landings, North African Campaign, North Irish Horse, North West Europe Campaign, Operation Astonia, Operation Banner, Operation Jupiter (1944), Operation Market Garden, Operation Overlord, Operation Plunder, Operation Sea Lion, Operation Torch, Operation Veritable, Options for Change, Ordnance QF 6-pounder, Panzer Lehr Division, Platoon, Portsmouth, Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment, Prisoner of war, Queen's Regiment, R&R (military), Regiment, Regimental museum, Regular army, Richard Haking, Richard Wakeford, Robert Long (British Army officer), Royal Armoured Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers, Royal Leicestershire Regiment, Royal Militia of the Island of Jersey, Royal Netherlands Army, Second Battle of Ypres, Second Boer War, Second lieutenant, Sicily, Siege of Malta (World War II), Somerset Light Infantry, Southampton, Special Reserve, Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, Standing army, Stanhope Road drill hall, Portsmouth, Suvla, Territorial Force, The Times, Tiger I, United States Army North, VI Corps (United States), Victoria Cross, Vizzini, Vladivostok, Volunteer Force, Waffen-SS, Wallace Le Patourel, Western Front (World War I), Winchester, Winchester's Military Museums, World War I, World War II, X Corps (United Kingdom), 10th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 11th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East, 128th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 129th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 12e Régiment blindé du Canada, 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 130th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 134th (2/1st Hampshire) Brigade, 135th (2/1st South Western) Brigade, 136th (2/1st Devon and Cornwall) Brigade, 138th (Lincoln and Leicester) Brigade, 147th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps, 163rd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 17th/21st Lancers, 1st Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st Fallschirm-Panzer Division Hermann Göring, 1st Independent Parachute Brigade (Poland), 1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 1st Parachute Division (Germany), 201st Independent Infantry Brigade (Home), 209th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 231st Brigade (United Kingdom), 28th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 29th Division (United Kingdom), 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division, 34th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 36th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 36th Tank Brigade (United Kingdom), 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot, 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, 45th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division, 56th (London) Infantry Division, 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot, 6th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 82nd Airborne Division, 88th Brigade (United Kingdom), 9th Royal Tank Regiment. 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Aden (عدن Yemeni) is a port city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden), some east of Bab-el-Mandeb.
Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.
The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied amphibious landing on mainland Italy that took place on 3 September 1943 during the early stages of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957.
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers (AVRE), also known as Assault Vehicle Royal Engineers is the title given to a series of armoured military engineering vehicles operated by the Royal Engineers (RE) for the purpose of protecting engineers during frontline battlefield operations.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Barberton is a town in the Mpumalanga province of South Africa, which has its origin in the 1880s gold rush in the region.
Basra (البصرة al-Baṣrah), is an Iraqi city located on the Shatt al-Arab between Kuwait and Iran.
The following battle honours were awarded to units of the British Army and the armies of British India and the Dominions of the British Empire.
The Battle of Albert (1–13 July 1916), comprised the first two weeks of Anglo-French offensive operations in the Battle of the Somme.
The Battle of Arnhem was a major battle of the Second World War fought in and around the Dutch towns of Arnhem, Oosterbeek, Wolfheze, Driel and the surrounding countryside from 17–26 September 1944.
The Battle of Belgium or Belgian Campaign, often referred to within Belgium as the 18 Days' Campaign (Campagne des 18 jours, Achttiendaagse Veldtocht), formed part of the greater Battle of France, an offensive campaign by Germany during the Second World War.
The Battle of Blenheim (German:Zweite Schlacht bei Höchstädt; French Bataille de Höchstädt), fought on 13 August 1704, was a major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession.
During the Gallipoli campaign in 1915, several battles were fought near the village of Krithia which is from the Greek "Krithari" which means Barley.
The Battle of Le Cateau was fought on 26 August 1914, after the British and French retreated from the Battle of Mons and had set up defensive positions in a fighting withdrawal against the German advance at Le Cateau-Cambrésis.
The Battle of Le Transloy was the last offensive of the Fourth Army of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the 1916 Battle of the Somme in France, during the First World War.
The Battle of Messines was fought in October 1914 between the armies of the German and British empires, as part of the Race to the Sea, between the river Douve and the Comines–Ypres canal.
The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by Axis forces during the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
During the Second World War, the Allies realised the need for the landing zone of an amphibious assault to be organised for the efficient passage of follow on forces.
Bocage is a terrain of mixed woodland and pasture.
Bournemouth is a large coastal resort town on the south coast of England to the east of the Jurassic Coast, a World Heritage Site, long.
A brigade group is a term used primarily in armies of the Commonwealth of Nations for an ad hoc arrangement of forces and not a permanent organisation whereas, with a capital G, a Brigade Group is.
The British Armed Forces, also known as Her/His Majesty's Armed Forces, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), formerly the 3rd Regiment of Foot, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army traditionally raised in the English county of Kent and garrisoned at Canterbury.
A cadre is the complement of commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of a military unit responsible for training the rest of the unit.
A cap badge, also known as head badge or hat badge, is a badge worn on uniform headgear and distinguishes the wearer's nationality and/or organisation.
Captain (Capt) is a junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2.
The Carlton Place drill hall is a military installation in Southampton, Hampshire.
Castle Hill is a series of buildings used as council offices in Winchester, Hampshire.
Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.
The Childers Reforms of 1881 reorganised the infantry regiments of the British Army.
The Christmas truce (Weihnachtsfrieden; Trêve de Noël) was a series of widespread but unofficial ceasefires along the Western Front of World War I around Christmas 1914.
The Tank, Infantry, Mk IV (A22) Churchill was a British heavy infantry tank used in the Second World War, best known for its heavy armour, large longitudinal chassis with all-around tracks with multiple bogies, its ability to climb steep slopes, and its use as the basis of many specialist vehicles.
The Coldstream Guards (COLDM GDS) is a part of the Guards Division, Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
The commanding officer (CO) or, if the incumbent is a general officer, commanding general (CG), is the officer in command of a military unit.
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.
Conscription in the United Kingdom has existed for two periods in modern times.
General Sir David William Fraser, (30 December 1920 – 15 July 2012) was a senior British Army officer who served as Commandant of the Royal College of Defence Studies from 1978 until his retirement from military service in 1980.
Dennis George Wyldbore Hewitt VC (18 December 1897 – 31 July 1917) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross.
The Devonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army which served under various titles and served in many wars and conflicts from 1685 to 1958, such as the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War.
The Dorset Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958, being the county regiment of Dorset.
The Drill Hall Road Army Reserve Centre is a military installation in Newport, Isle of Wight.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
The Durham Light Infantry (DLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1968.
General Sir Edmund Haythorne (1818 – 18 October 1888) was a British Army officer who served as Adjutant-General in India.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
Fallschirmjäger is the German word for paratroopers.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
The First Battle of the Aisne (1re Bataille de l'Aisne) was the Allied follow-up offensive against the right wing of the German First Army (led by Alexander von Kluck) and the Second Army (led by Karl von Bülow) as they retreated after the First Battle of the Marne earlier in September 1914.
The Battle of the Marne (Première bataille de la Marne, also known as the Miracle of the Marne, Le Miracle de la Marne) was a World War I battle fought from It resulted in an Allied victory against the German armies in the west.
The Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu Yarımadası; Χερσόνησος της Καλλίπολης, Chersónisos tis Kallípolis) is located in the southern part of East Thrace, the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles strait to the east.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
General George Darell Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys, (8 March 1878 – 19 December 1960) was a British military commander and Conservative Member of Parliament.
George Raymond Dallas Moor, VC, MC & Bar (22 October 1896 – 3 November 1918) was a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Gerard Ross Norton (7 September 1915 – 29 October 2004) was a South African recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
The Gothic Line (Gotenstellung; Linea Gotica) was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
Government of Greece (officially: Government of the Hellenic Republic; also Greek Government or Hellenic Government) mfa.gr is the government of the Third Hellenic Republic, reformed to its present form in 1974.
Τhe Greek Civil War (ο Eμφύλιος, o Emfýlios, "the Civil War") was fought in Greece from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army—backed by the United Kingdom and the United States—and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE)—the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE).
The Greek People's Liberation Army or ELAS (Ελληνικός Λαϊκός Απελευθερωτικός Στρατός (ΕΛΑΣ), Ellinikós Laïkós Apeleftherotikós Stratós), often mistakenly called the National People's Liberation Army (Εθνικός Λαϊκός Απελευθερωτικός Στρατός, Ethnikós Laïkós Apeleftherotikós Stratós), was the military arm of the left-wing National Liberation Front (EAM) during the period of the Greek Resistance until February 1945, then during the Greek Civil War.
The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Guards Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army during the Second World War.
Hampshire (abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom.
General Sir Henry Errington Longden (January 1819 – 29 January 1890) was a British Army officer who served as Adjutant-General in India.
The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others.
The Holdenhurst Road drill hall is a former military installation in Bournemouth, Dorset.
The Polish II Corps (Drugi Korpus Wojska Polskiego), 1943–1947, was a major tactical and operational unit of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) is any of several paramilitary movements in Ireland in the 20th and 21st centuries dedicated to Irish republicanism, the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
The 8th Battalion, The Hampshire Regiment, Princess Beatrice's Isle of Wight Rifles, known informally as the "Isle of Wight Rifles" was formed to defend the Isle of Wight after a 19th-century invasion scare.
Lieutenant-General Sir John Wellesley Thomas, (1822 – 6 February 1908) was a distinguished British military officer who served in Afghanistan, Australia, and China.
Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.
The King's Regiment (Liverpool) was one of the oldest line infantry regiments of the British Army, having been formed in 1685 and numbered as the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot in 1751.
The Lamone is a river in the Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna regions of Italy.
The landing at Cape Helles (Turkish: Seddülbahir Çıkarması) was part of the amphibious invasion of the Gallipoli peninsula by British and French forces on 25 April 1915 during the First World War.
A large regiment is a multi-battalion infantry formation of the British Army.
Lieutenant (Lt) is a junior officer rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
Line infantry was the type of infantry that composed the basis of European land armies from the middle of the 17th century to the middle of the 19th century.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lower Barracks was a military installation in Winchester.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
Major (Maj) is a military rank which is used by both the British Army and Royal Marines.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
Mark Wayne Clark (May 1, 1896 – April 17, 1984) was a United States Army officer who saw service during World War I, World War II, and the Korean War.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
The Militia of the United Kingdom were the military reserve forces of the United Kingdom after the Union in 1801 of the former Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland.
Mont Pinçon is the highest point of the department of Calvados, in Normandy, with an elevation of.
Montague Shadworth Seymour Moore VC (9 October 1896 – 12 September 1966) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
In NATO and most other western countries, motorized infantry is infantry that is transported by trucks or other un-protected motor vehicles.
Newport is a civil parish and the county town of the Isle of Wight, an island off the south coast of England.
The Ninth Army (IXe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
The North Irish Horse is a yeomanry unit of the British Territorial Army raised in the northern counties of Ireland in the aftermath of the Second Boer War.
The North West Europe campaign was the term used by the British Commonwealth armed forces for the campaigns in North West Europe, including its skies and adjoining waters during World War II.
Operation Astonia was the codename for an Allied attack on the German-held Channel port of Le Havre in France, during the Second World War.
Operation Banner was the operational name for the British Armed Forces' operation in Northern Ireland from August 1969 to July 2007, as part of the Troubles.
Operation Jupiter was an offensive by VIII Corps of the British Second Army on 10 July 1944 during the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Beginning on the night of March 23, 1945 the 21st Army Group under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery launched Operation Plunder, as a part of a coordinated set of Rhine crossings.
Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War.
Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.
Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.
Options for Change was a restructuring of the British Armed Forces in 1990 after the end of the Cold War.
The Ordnance Quick-Firing 6-pounder 7 cwt, or just 6 pounder,British forces traditionally denoted smaller ordnance by the weight of its standard projectile, in this case approximately.
The Panzer Lehr Division was an elite German armoured division during World War II.
A platoon is a military unit typically composed of two or more squads/sections/patrols.
Portsmouth is a port city in Hampshire, England, mainly on Portsea Island, south-west of London and south-east of Southampton.
The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (or PWRR, also known as 'the Tigers') is the senior English line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division, and second only in line infantry order of precedence to the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
The Queen's Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1966 through the amalgamation of the four regiments of the Home Counties Brigade.
R&R, military slang for rest and recuperation, is a term used for the free time of a soldier or international UN staff serving in unaccompanied (no family) duty stations.
A regiment is a military unit.
In countries whose armies are organised on a regimental basis, such as the army of the United Kingdom, a regimental museum is a military museum dedicated to the history of a specific army regiment.
A regular army is the official army of a state or country (the official armed forces), contrasting with irregular forces, such as volunteer irregular militias, private armies, mercenaries, etc.
General Sir Richard Cyril Byrne Haking (24 January 1862 – 9 June 1945) was a British general who commanded XI Corps in the First World War.
Major Richard Wakeford VC (23 July 1921–27 August 1972) was an English soldier and a recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Brigadier Robert George Long CBE MC DL (30 January 1937 – 19 September 2014) was a British Army officer who was the last Colonel of the Royal Hampshire Regiment.
The Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) provides the armour capability of the British Army, with vehicles such as the Challenger 2 Tank and the Scimitar Reconnaissance Vehicle.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Leicestershire Regiment (Royal Leicestershire Regiment after 1946) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, with a history going back to 1688.
Formed in 1337, the Royal Militia of the Island of Jersey can claim to be the oldest sub-unit of the British Army, although, because it is not a regiment, and was disbanded for decades in the late 20th century, it is not the most senior.
The Royal Netherlands Army (Koninklijke Landmacht (KL), "Royal Army") is the land forces element of the military of the Netherlands.
During World War I, the Second Battle of Ypres was fought from for control of the strategic Flemish town of Ypres in western Belgium after the First Battle of Ypres the previous autumn.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
Second lieutenant (called lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1b rank.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Siege of Malta in the Second World War was a military campaign in the Mediterranean Theatre.
The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) was a light infantry infantry regiment of the British Army, which served under various titles from 1685 to 1959.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
The Special Reserve was established on 1 April 1908 with the function of maintaining a reservoir of manpower for the British Army and training replacement drafts in times of war.
The spring 1945 offensive in Italy, codenamed Operation Grapeshot, was the final Allied attack during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War.
A standing army, unlike a reserve army, is a permanent, often professional, army.
The Stanhope Road drill hall, sometimes known as the Connaught Drill Hall, is a former military installation in Portsmouth, Hampshire.
View of Suvla from Battleship Hill Suvla is a bay on the Aegean coast of the Gallipoli peninsula in European Turkey, south of the Gulf of Saros.
The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Tiger I is a German heavy tank of World War II deployed from 1942 in Africa and Europe, usually in independent heavy tank battalions.
The United States Army North is a formation of the United States Army Service Component Command of United States Northern Command.
The VI Corps was activated as VI Army Corps in August 1918 at Neufchâteau, France, serving in the Lorraine Campaign.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Vizzini is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Catania, on the island of Sicily, southern Italy.
Vladivostok (p, literally ruler of the east) is a city and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located around the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia's borders with China and North Korea.
The Volunteer Force was a citizen army of part-time rifle, artillery and engineer corps, created as a popular movement throughout the British Empire in 1859.
The Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was the armed wing of the Nazi Party's SS organisation.
Brigadier Herbert Wallace Le Patourel VC (20 June 1916–4 September 1979) was a British recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England.
Winchester's Military Museums are a group of independent and related regimental museums in Peninsula Barracks and Lower Barracks in Winchester, Hampshire.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
X Corps was a corps of the British Army that served in the First World War on the Western Front before being disbanded in 1919.
The 10th Panzer Division was a formation of the German Army during World War II.
The 11th Armoured Division, also known as The Black Bull, was an armoured division of the British Army which was created in March 1941 during the Second World War.
The 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East is a regular British Army brigade formation that is part of the Army’s 'Adaptable Force' meaning it has operational units under command, as well as regional responsibilities across the South East of England.
The 128th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army.
The 129th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that served during both the First and Second World Wars.
The 12e Régiment blindé du Canada (a translation of its former name, the "12th Canadian Armoured Regiment") is a Canadian Army armoured regiment based in CFB Valcartier, on the outskirts of Quebec City.
The 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade, formerly the 12th Mechanized Brigade, is a regular brigade of the British Army which has been in almost continuous existence since 1899 and now forms part of 3rd Mechanised Division.
The 130th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army.
The 134th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army.
The 135th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army.
The 136th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army.
The 138th (Lincoln and Leicester) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in World War I with the 46th (North Midland) Division.
The 147th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps (147 RAC) was an armoured regiment of the Royal Armoured Corps raised by the British Army in the Second World War.
The 163rd Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during the First World War in Gallipoli and the Middle Eastern Theatre as part of the 54th (East Anglian) Division.
The 17th/21st Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
The 1st Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade is an infantry brigade of the British Army with a long history including service during both World War I and World War II.
The Fallschirm-Panzer-Division 1.
The 1st (Polish) Independent Parachute Brigade was a parachute infantry brigade of the Polish Armed Forces in the West under the command of Major General Stanisław Sosabowski, created in September 1941 during the Second World War and based in Scotland.
The 1st Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army with a very long history.
The 1st Parachute Division (1.) was an elite German military parachute-landing division that fought during World War II.
The 201st Independent Infantry Brigade (Home) was a short-lived Home Defence formation of the British Army during World War II.
The 209th Infantry Brigade (209 Bde) was a Home Defence formation of the British Army during World War II.
The 231st Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II.
The 28th Infantry Brigade was a British Army formation which served during the First World War, the Second World War, the Korean War, The Malayan Emergency and Indonesian Confrontation.
The 29th Division, known as the Incomparable Division, was an infantry division of the British Army, formed in early 1915 by combining various Regular Army units that had been acting as garrisons around the British Empire.
The 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division was a regular army division of the British Indian Army.
The 34th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army that saw active service in the Second World War.
The 36th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of British Army that fought in World War I, as part of 12th (Eastern) Division, on the Western Front.
The 36th Tank Brigade was a short-lived armoured brigade of the British Army raised during World War II.
The 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in Ireland in February 1702.
The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 45th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army.
The 46th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1939 that saw distinguished service during World War II, fighting in the Battle of France and the Battle of Dunkirk where it was evacuated and later in North Africa, Italy and Greece.
The 4th Infantry Division was a regular infantry division of the British Army with a very long history, seeing active service in the Peninsular War, the Crimean War, the First World War, and during the Second World War.
The 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw distinguished service in the Second World War.
The 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.
The 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1756.
The 6th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army, created in September 1940 during the Second World War.
The 78th Infantry Division, also known as the Battleaxe Division, was an infantry division of the British Army, raised during World War II that fought, with great distinction, in Tunisia, Sicily and Italy from late 1942–1945.
The 7th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II, where its exploits in the Western Desert Campaign gained it the Desert Rats nickname.
The 82nd Airborne Division is an airborne infantry division of the United States Army, specializing in parachute assault operations into denied areas.
The 88th Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army, raised for service in the First World War.
The 9th Royal Tank Regiment (9 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army active during the Second World War.