213 relations: Aberdeenshire, Admiralty, Adrian Tonks, Adriatic Sea, Air Battalion Royal Engineers, Air Department, Air Force Cross (United Kingdom), Air marshal, Aircraft carrier, Airship, Alexander MacDonald Shook, Anglesey, Anglo-Iraqi War, Anthony Jacques Mantle, Anthony Wilding, Antwerp, Armored car (military), Army Manoeuvres of 1912, Arnold Jacques Chadwick, Arthur Longmore, Arthur Wilson (Royal Navy officer), Astra-Torres airship, Barnes Wallis, Battlecruiser, Bert Hinkler, Blackburn Aircraft, Bouncing bomb, British Army, Captain (Royal Navy), Cassel, Nord, Charles Rumney Samson, Chief of Air Force (Australia), Chief of the Air Staff (United Kingdom), Chief of the Defence Staff (United Kingdom), Christopher Draper, Claude Grahame-White, Commander, Commander-in-Chief, The Nore, Committee of Imperial Defence, Croix de Guerre, Cunard Line, Cuxhaven, Dardanelles, Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom), Distinguished Service Cross (United Kingdom), Distinguished Service Order, Dunkirk, Durban, Edgar Middleton, Edward Maitland (RAF officer), ..., Edwin Harris Dunning, Edwin Moon, Egbert Cadbury, Engineer, English Channel, Eugene Gerrard, First Sea Lord, Firth of Forth, Fleet Air Arm, Flight lieutenant, Flying ace, France, Francis McClean, Francis McLaren, Frederick Bowhill, Frederick Sykes, Friedrichshafen, Gallipoli Campaign, George Cyril Colmore, German Empire, Godfrey Paine, Grahame Donald, H. H. Asquith, Hellenic Navy, Hendon Aerodrome, Henry Allingham, Henry Botterell, History of the Royal Marines, HMA No. 1, HMS Ark Royal (1914), HMS Ark Royal (91), HMS Ben-my-Chree, HMS Campania (1914), HMS Empress (1914), HMS Engadine (1911), HMS Furious (47), HMS Hermes (1898), HMS Manica, HMS Nairana (1917), HMS Riviera, HMS Royal Oak (08), HMS Vindex (1915), Hugh Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster, Imbros, Interservice rivalry, Isle of Grain, Isle of Sheppey, Italy, Ivan Stedeford, Ivor Novello, James White (RAF officer), Japanese seaplane carrier Wakamiya, John Alcock (RAF officer), John Cyril Porte, John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, John Weston (pioneer aviator and motor caravanner), Josiah Wedgwood, 1st Baron Wedgwood, Judaean Mountains, Kingsnorth, Landships Committee, Lieutenant, Lieutenant commander, Light cruiser, List of aircraft of the Royal Naval Air Service, List of Parseval airships, Little Willie, Longside, Machine Gun Corps, Malta, Manfred von Richthofen, Maxim gun, Middle Eastern theatre of World War I, Mombasa, Moudros, Murray Sueter, No. 1 Armoured Car Company RAF, No. 2 Armoured Car Company RAF, No. 201 Squadron RAF, No. 203 Squadron RAF, No. 206 Squadron RAF, No. 220 Squadron RAF, Noel Pemberton Billing, Nordholz Naval Airbase, Norman Blackburn, North Sea, Oliver Locker-Lampson, Other ranks (UK), Otranto, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, R80 (airship), RAF Coastal Command, RAF Cranwell, RAF Detling, RAF Eastchurch, RAF Habbaniya, RAF officer ranks, Raid on Cuxhaven, Randolph Churchill, Raymond Collishaw, Reginald Bacon, Reginald Warneford, Richard Bell Davies, RNAS Longside, Robert A. Little, Robert Erskine Childers, Robert Leckie (RCAF officer), Robert Marsland Groves, Robert McCance, Roderic Dallas, Rolls-Royce Armoured Car, Romania, Roy Brown (RAF officer), Royal Aero Club, Royal Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal Engineers, Royal Flying Corps, Royal Naval Reserve, Royal Navy, Russia, Saint-Pol-sur-Mer, Scapa Flow, Seaplane, Seaplane Experimental Station, Seaplane tender, Second Battle of Gaza, Ship, SM U-27 (Germany), Sopwith 1½ Strutter, Sopwith Camel, Sopwith Pup, Sopwith Triplane, SS River Clyde, Stanley Goble, Strategic bombing, Sub-lieutenant, Submarine, Thasos, The London Gazette, The Riddle of the Sands, Thessaloniki, Tondern raid, Torpedo bomber, TSS Manxman (1904), Tulkarm, Turnhouse, Upavon, Vendôme, Vickers, Victoria Cross, Warrant (law), Western Front (World War I), Wilhelmshaven, William Dickson (RAF officer), William Forbes-Sempill, 19th Lord Sempill, Wing commander (rank), Winston Churchill, World number 1 ranked male tennis players, World War II, Yarmouth, Isle of Wight, Yser, Zeppelin. Expand index (163 more) » « Shrink index
Aberdeenshire (Siorrachd Obar Dheathain) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland.
The Admiralty, originally known as the Office of the Admiralty and Marine Affairs, was the government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy firstly in the Kingdom of England, secondly in the Kingdom of Great Britain, and from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire.
Captain Adrian James Boswell Tonks (10 May 1898 – 14 July 1919) was a British First World War flying ace.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
The Air Battalion Royal Engineers (ABRE) was the first flying unit of the British Armed Forces to make use of heavier-than-air craft.
The Air Department of the British Admiralty later succeeded briefly by the Air Section followed by the Air Division was established prior to World War I by Winston Churchill to administer the Royal Naval Air Service.
The Air Force Cross (AFC) is a military decoration awarded to personnel of the United Kingdom Armed Forces, and formerly also to officers of the other Commonwealth countries, for "an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying, though not in active operations against the enemy".
Air Marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a three-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power.
Major Alexander MacDonald Shook was a Canadian World War I flying ace.
Anglesey (Ynys Môn) is an island situated on the north coast of Wales with an area of.
The Anglo–Iraqi War (2–31 May 1941) was a British military campaign against the rebel government of Rashid Ali in the Kingdom of Iraq during the Second World War.
Anthony Jacques Mantle DFC (17 December 1899 in London — 1988 in Durham) was a pilot who joined the Royal Naval Air Service in 1917 at the age of 17.
Anthony Frederick Wilding (often called Tony Wilding) (31 October 1883 – 9 May 1915) was a New Zealand world No. 1 tennis player and soldier who was killed in action during World War I. Wilding was the son of wealthy English immigrants to Christchurch, New Zealand and enjoyed the use of private tennis courts at their home.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
A military armored (or armoured) car is a lightweight wheeled armored fighting vehicle, historically employed for reconnaissance, internal security, armed escort, and other subordinate battlefield tasks.
The Army Manoeuvres of 1912 was the last military exercise of its kind conducted by the British Army before the outbreak of the First World War.
Flight Commander Arnold Jacques Chadwick was a Canadian-born World War I flying ace credited with 11 aerial victories.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Murray Longmore, (8 October 1885 – 10 December 1970) was an early naval aviator, before reaching high rank in the Royal Air Force.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Knyvet Wilson, 3rd Baronet (4 March 1842 – 25 May 1921) was a Royal Navy officer.
The Astra-Torres airships were non-rigid airships built by Société Astra to a design by Spaniard Leonardo Torres Quevedo in France between about 1908 and 1922.
Sir Barnes Neville Wallis (26 September 1887 – 30 October 1979), was an English scientist, engineer and inventor.
The battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a type of capital ship of the first half of the 20th century.
Herbert John Louis Hinkler (8 December 1892 – 7 January 1933), better known as Bert Hinkler, was a pioneer Australian aviator (dubbed "Australian Lone Eagle") and inventor. He designed and built early aircraft before being the first person to fly solo from England to Australia, and the first person to fly solo across the Southern Atlantic Ocean. He married in 1932 at the age of 39, and died less than a year later after crashing into remote countryside near Florence, Italy during a solo flight record attempt.
Blackburn Aircraft Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer that concentrated mainly on naval and maritime aircraft during the first part of the 20th century.
A bouncing bomb is a bomb designed to bounce to a target across water in a calculated manner to avoid obstacles such as torpedo nets, and to allow both the bomb's speed on arrival at the target and the timing of its detonation to be pre-determined, in a similar fashion to a regular naval depth charge.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
Captain (Capt) is a senior officer rank of the Royal Navy.
Cassel (from Flemish; Kassel in modern Dutch spelling) is a commune in the Nord départment in northern France.
Air Commodore Charles Rumney Samson, (8 July 1883 – 5 February 1931) was a British naval aviation pioneer.
Chief of Air Force (CAF) is the most senior appointment in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), responsible to the Chief of the Defence Force (CDF) and the Secretary of the Department of Defence.
The Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) is the professional head of the Royal Air Force and a member of both the Chiefs of Staff Committee and the Air Force Board.
The Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) is the professional head of the British Armed Forces and the most senior uniformed military adviser to the Secretary of State for Defence and the Prime Minister.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Squadron Commander Christopher Draper (15 April 1892 – 16 January 1979), was an English flying ace of World War I. His penchant for flying under bridges earned him the nickname "the Mad Major." After the war he became a film star through his work both as a stunt pilot and as an actor.
Claude Grahame-White (21 August 1879 – 19 August 1959) was an English pioneer of aviation, and the first to make a night flight, during the Daily Mail-sponsored 1910 London to Manchester air race.
Commander is a common naval and air force officer rank.
The Commander-in-Chief, The Nore was an operational commander of the Royal Navy.
The Committee of Imperial Defence was an important ad hoc part of the government of the United Kingdom and the British Empire from just after the Second Boer War until the start of the Second World War.
The Croix de Guerre (Cross of War) is a military decoration of France.
Cunard Line is a British-American cruise line based at Carnival House at Southampton, England, operated by Carnival UK and owned by Carnival Corporation & plc.
Cuxhaven is an independent town and seat of the Cuxhaven district, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Dardanelles (Çanakkale Boğazı, translit), also known from Classical Antiquity as the Hellespont (Ἑλλήσποντος, Hellespontos, literally "Sea of Helle"), is a narrow, natural strait and internationally-significant waterway in northwestern Turkey that forms part of the continental boundary between Europe and Asia, and separates Asian Turkey from European Turkey.
The Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to personnel of the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force and other services, and formerly to officers of other Commonwealth countries, instituted for "an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy".
The Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) is a third level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, Royal Fleet Auxiliary and British Merchant Navy, and formerly also to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and the third most populous in South Africa after Johannesburg and Cape Town.
Edgar Charles William Middleton (26 November 1894 – 10 April 1939) was a British playwright and author.
Air Commodore Edward Maitland Maitland, (21 February 1880 – 24 August 1921) was an early military aviator who served in the Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers, the Royal Flying Corps, the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Air Force.
Squadron Commander Edwin Harris Dunning, DSC (17 July 1892 – 7 August 1917), of the British Royal Naval Air Service, was the first pilot to land an aircraft on a moving ship.
Squadron Leader Edwin Rowland Moon DSO* (8 June 1886 – 29 April 1920) was an English aviation pioneer who served in the Royal Naval Air Service and Royal Air Force during the First World War.
Major (Honorary Air Commodore) Sir Egbert "Bertie" Cadbury (20 April 1893 – 12 January 1967) was a British businessman, a member of the Cadbury family, who as a First World War pilot shot down two Zeppelins over the North Sea: L.21 on 28 November 1916, and L.70 on 6 August 1918: the latter while flying a De Havilland DH.4 with Robert Leckie as observer/gunner.
Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
Air Commodore Eugene Louis Gerrard, (14 July 1881 – 7 February 1963) was an officer in the Royal Marines and Royal Air Force.
The First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff (1SL/CNS) is the professional head of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy and the whole Naval Service.
The Firth of Forth (Linne Foirthe) is the estuary (firth) of several Scottish rivers including the River Forth.
The Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of naval aircraft.
Flight Lieutenant (Flt Lt in the RAF and IAF; FLTLT in the RAAF and RNZAF—formerly sometimes F/L in all services) is a junior commissioned air force rank that originated in the Royal Naval Air Service and is still used in the Royal Air Force and many other countries, especially in the Commonwealth.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Francis Kennedy McClean, AFC, DL (1876–1955) was a British civil engineer and pioneer aviator.
The Honourable Francis Walter Stafford McLaren (16 June 1886 – 30 August 1917) was a British Member of Parliament killed in World War I in a flying accident.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Frederick William Bowhill, (1 September 1880 – 12 March 1960) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force before and during the Second World War.
Air Vice Marshal Sir Frederick Hugh Sykes, (23 July 1877 – 30 September 1954) was a British military officer and politician.
Friedrichshafen is an industrial city on the northern shoreline of Lake Constance (the Bodensee) in Southern Germany, near the borders of both Switzerland and Austria.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
George Cyril Colmore (1885–1937) was an English aviator and the first Royal Naval Air Service officer to gain a Royal Aero Club Aviators Licence.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
Rear Admiral Sir Godfrey Marshall Paine, (21 November 1871 – 23 March 1932) was a senior officer in the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force in the early part of the 20th century.
Air Marshal Sir David Grahame Donald, (27 July 1891 – 23 December 1976), often known as Sir Grahame Donald, was a Royal Naval Air Service pilot during the First World War, a senior Royal Air Force (RAF) officer between the wars and a senior RAF commander during the Second World War.
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, was a British statesman of the Liberal Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
The Hellenic Navy (HN; Πολεμικό Ναυτικό, Polemikó Naftikó, abbreviated ΠΝ) is the naval force of Greece, part of the Hellenic Armed Forces.
Hendon Aerodrome was an aerodrome in London, England, that was an important centre for aviation from 1908 to 1968.
Henry William Allingham (6 June 1896 – 18 July 2009) was a British supercentenarian, the oldest British man ever, First World War veteran and, for one month, the verified oldest living man in the world.
Henry John Lawrence Botterell (November 7, 1896 – January 3, 2003) was a Canadian fighter pilot who served in the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) and then in the Royal Air Force (RAF) during World War I. When he died at the age of 106, the Canadian Department of Veterans' Affairs, among others, believed he was the last surviving pilot in the world to have seen action in the Great War.
The history of the Royal Marines began on 28 October 1664 with the formation of the Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot soon becoming known as the Admiral's Regiment.
His Majesty's Airship No.
HMS Ark Royal was the first ship in history designed and built as a seaplane carrier.
HMS Ark Royal (pennant number 91) was an aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy that served during the Second World War.
HMS Ben-my-Chree (Manx: "Woman of My Heart"Dotan, p. 133) was a packet steamer and a Royal Navy (RN) seaplane carrier of the First World War.
HMS Campania was a seaplane tender and aircraft carrier, converted from an elderly ocean liner by the Royal Navy early in the First World War.
HMS Empress was a seaplane carrier of the Royal Navy (RN) that served during the First World War.
HMS Engadine was a seaplane tender which served in the Royal Navy (RN) during the First World War.
HMS Furious was a modified built for the Royal Navy (RN) during the First World War.
HMS Hermes was a ''Highflyer''-class protected cruiser built for the Royal Navy in the 1890s.
HMS Manica was a British cargo steamship that became the first kite balloon ship of the Royal Naval Air Service.
HMS Nairana was a passenger ferry that was requisitioned by the Royal Navy (RN) as a seaplane carrier in 1917.
HMS Riviera was a seaplane tender which served in the Royal Navy (RN) during the First and Second World Wars.
HMS Royal Oak was one of five s built for the Royal Navy during the First World War.
HMS Vindex was a Royal Navy seaplane carrier during the First World War.
Hugh Richard Arthur Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster, (familiarly "Bendor") (19 March 1879 – 19 July 1953) was a British landowner and one of the wealthiest men in the world.
Imbros or İmroz, officially changed to Gökçeada since 29 July 1970,Alexis Alexandris, "The Identity Issue of The Minorities In Greece An Turkey", in Hirschon, Renée (ed.), Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange Between Greece and Turkey, Berghahn Books, 2003, (older name in Turkish: İmroz; Greek: Ίμβρος Imvros), is the largest island of Turkey and the seat of Gökçeada District of Çanakkale Province.
Interservice rivalry is the rivalry between different branches of a country's armed forces, in other words the competition for limited resources among a nation's land, naval, and air forces.
St James, Isle of Grain (Old English Greon meaning gravel) is a village and the easternmost point of the Hoo Peninsula within the district of Medway in Kent.
The Isle of Sheppey is an island off the northern coast of Kent, England in the Thames Estuary, some to the east of London.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Sir Ivan Arthur Rice Stedeford, GBE (28 January 1897 – 9 February 1975) was a British industrialist and philanthropist.
Ivor Novello (15 January 1893 – 6 March 1951), born David Ivor Davies, was a Welsh composer and actor who became one of the most popular British entertainers of the first half of the 20th century.
Captain James Butler White, DFC, RNAS (7 July 1893 – 2 January 1972) was a World War I Royal Naval Air Service flying ace.
Wakamiya (若宮丸, later 若宮艦) was a seaplane carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy and the first Japanese aircraft carrier.
Captain Sir John William "Jack" Alcock (5 November 189218 December 1919) was a Royal Navy and later Royal Air Force officer who, with navigator Lieutenant Arthur Whitten Brown, piloted the first non-stop transatlantic flight from St. John's, Newfoundland to Clifden, Connemara, Ireland.
Lieutenant Colonel John Cyril Porte, (26 February 1884 – 22 October 1919) was a British flying boat pioneer associated with the World War I Seaplane Experimental Station at Felixstowe.
John Arbuthnot Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, (25 January 1841 – 10 July 1920), commonly known as Jacky or Jackie Fisher, was a British admiral known for his efforts at naval reform.
John Weston (born Maximilian John Ludwick Weston) was a South African aeronautical engineer, pioneer aviator, farmer and soldier.
Colonel Josiah Clement Wedgwood, 1st Baron Wedgwood, (16 March 1872 – 26 July 1943), sometimes referred to as Josiah Wedgwood IV, was a British Liberal and Labour politician who served in government under Ramsay MacDonald.
The Judaean Mountains, or Judaean Hills (הרי יהודה Harei Yehuda, جبال الخليل Jibal Al Khalil), is a mountain range in Israel and the West Bank where Jerusalem and several other biblical cities are located.
Kingsnorth is a mixed rural and urban village and relatively large civil parish adjoining Ashford in Kent, England.
The Landships Committee was a small British committee formed during the First World War to develop armoured fighting vehicles for use on the Western Front.
A lieutenant (abbreviated Lt, LT, Lieut and similar) is a junior commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police and other organizations of many nations.
Lieutenant commander (also hyphenated lieutenant-commander and abbreviated LCdr, LCdr. or LCDR) is a commissioned officer rank in many navies.
A light cruiser is a type of small- or medium-sized warship.
This is a list of military aircraft used by the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS).
The Parsevals were 22 airships built between 1909 and 1919 by the Luft-Fahrzeug-Gesellschaft (LFG) following the design of August von Parseval.
Little Willie was a prototype in the development of the British Mark I tank.
Longside is a village located in Aberdeenshire, Scotland and consists of a single main street.
The Machine Gun Corps (MGC) was a corps of the British Army, formed in October 1915 in response to the need for more effective use of machine guns on the Western Front in the First World War.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2 May 1892 – 21 April 1918), also known as the "Red Baron", was a fighter pilot with the German Air Force during World War I. He is considered the ace-of-aces of the war, being officially credited with 80 air combat victories.
The Maxim gun was a weapon invented by American-born British inventor Hiram Stevens Maxim in 1884: it was the first recoil-operated machine gun in production.
The Middle Eastern theatre of World War I saw action between 29 October 1914 and 30 October 1918.
Mombasa is a city on the coast of Kenya.
Moudros (Μούδρος) is a town and a former municipality on the island of Lemnos, North Aegean, Greece.
Rear-Admiral Sir Murray Fraser Sueter (6 September 1872, Alverstoke – 3 February 1960, Watlington, Oxfordshire) was a Royal Naval officer who was noted as a pioneer of naval aviation and later became a Member of Parliament (MP).
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The No.1 Armoured Car Company RAF was a military unit of Britain's Royal Air Force (RAF) based in Iraq and which played a role in the defence of RAF Habbaniya during World War II.
The Number 2 Armoured Car Company RAF was a military unit of the British Royal Air Force (RAF) which was based at Amman in what was then called the Transjordan.
Noel Pemberton Billing (31 January 1881 – 11 November 1948), sometimes known as Noel Pemberton-Billing, was an English aviator, inventor, publisher, and Member of Parliament.
Nordholz Naval Airbase (Fliegerhorst Nordholz) is a German Naval Air base located near the town of Nordholz in Lower Saxony, 25 km north of Bremerhaven, and 12 km southwest of Cuxhaven.
Captain Norman William George Blackburn (25 May 1896 – 27 January 1966), was a British pilot and flying instructor during the First World War, and afterwards a director of Blackburn Aircraft.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
Commander Oliver Stillingfleet Locker-Lampson, CMG, DSO (25 September 1880 (Belgravia, London) – 8 October 1954 (Kensington, London)) was a British politician and naval officer.
Other ranks (ORs) in the Royal Marines, British Army, Royal Air Force and in the armies and air forces of many other Commonwealth countries are those personnel who are not commissioned officers, usually including non-commissioned officers (NCOs).
Otranto (Salentino: Uṭṛàntu; Griko: Δερεντό, translit. Derentò; translit; Hydruntum) is a town and comune in the province of Lecce (Apulia, Italy), in a fertile region once famous for its breed of horses.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
The R80 was a British rigid airship, first flown on 19 July 1920 and the first fully streamlined airship to be built in Britain.
RAF Coastal Command was a formation within the Royal Air Force (RAF).
Royal Air Force Cranwell or more simply RAF Cranwell is a Royal Air Force station in Lincolnshire, England, close to the village of Cranwell, near Sleaford.
RAF Detling was a station of the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) in World War I and the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the Second World War.
RAF Eastchurch was a Royal Air Force station near Eastchurch village, on the Isle of Sheppey, Kent, England.
Royal Air Force Station Habbaniya, more commonly known as RAF Habbaniya, (originally RAF Dhibban) was a Royal Air Force station at Habbaniyah, about west of Baghdad in modern-day Iraq, on the banks of the Euphrates near Lake Habbaniyah.
The officer ranks of the Royal Air Force, as they are today, were introduced in 1919.
The Raid on Cuxhaven (Weihnachtsangriff; i.e. Christmas Raid) was a British ship-based air-raid on the German naval forces at Cuxhaven mounted on Christmas Day, 1914.
Randolph Frederick Edward Spencer-Churchill (28 May 1911 – 6 June 1968) was a British journalist, writer and a Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Preston from 1940 to 1945.
Raymond Collishaw, (22 November 1893 – 28 September 1976) was a distinguished Canadian fighter pilot, squadron leader, and commanding officer who served in the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) and later the Royal Air Force.
Admiral Sir Reginald Hugh Spencer Bacon, (6 September 1863 – 9 June 1947) was an officer in the Royal Navy noted for his technical abilities.
Reginald Alexander John Warneford, VC (15 October 1891 – 17 June 1915) was a Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) officer who received the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Vice Admiral Richard Bell Davies, (19 May 1886 – 26 February 1966), also known as Richard Bell-Davies, was a senior Royal Navy commander, naval aviator, and a First World War recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
RNAS Longside is a former Royal Naval Air Service airship station located south of Longside, Aberdeenshire and north of Hatton, Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
Robert Alexander Little, (19 July 1895 – 27 May 1918), a World War I fighter pilot, is generally regarded as the most successful Australian flying ace, with an official tally of forty-seven victories.
Robert Erskine Childers DSC (25 June 1870 – 24 November 1922), universally known as Erskine Childers, was an Irish writer, whose works included the influential novel The Riddle of the Sands, and a Fenian revolutionary who smuggled guns to Ireland in his sailing yacht Asgard.
Air Marshal Robert Leckie, (16 April 1890 – 31 March 1975) was an air officer in the Royal Air Force and the Chief of the Air Staff of the Royal Canadian Air Force from 1944 to 1947.
Air Commodore Robert Marsland Groves, (3 January 1880 – 27 May 1920) was a Royal Navy officer involved with naval aviation during the First World War.
Robert Alexander McCance CBE, FRS, BA Cantab, MA, MRCS, LRCP, MD, MRCP, FRCP, DSc(Hon) Belfast (9 December 1898 in Ulster– 3 March 1993 in Cambridge) was a paediatrician and the first Professor of Experimental Medicine at the University of Cambridge.
Roderic Stanley (Stan) Dallas, (30 July 1891 – 1 June 1918) was an Australian fighter ace of World War I.
The Rolls-Royce Armoured Car was a British armoured car developed in 1914 and used during the First World War, the inter-war period in Imperial Air Control in Transjordan, Palestine and Mesopotamia, and in the early stages of the Second World War in the Middle East and North Africa.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Captain Arthur Roy Brown,, (23 December 1893 – 9 March 1944) was a Canadian First World War flying ace credited with ten aerial victories.
The Royal Aero Club (RAeC) is the national co-ordinating body for Air Sport in the United Kingdom.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF).
The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF; Aviation royale canadienne, ARC) is the air force of Canada.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Saint-Pol-sur-Mer is a former commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Scapa Flow viewed from its eastern end in June 2009 Scapa Flow is a body of water in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, sheltered by the islands of Mainland, Graemsay, Burray,S.
A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water.
The Seaplane Experimental Station, formerly RNAS Felixstowe, was a British aircraft design unit during the early part of the 20th century.
A seaplane tender is a boat or ship that supports the operation of seaplanes.
The Second Battle of Gaza was fought between 17 and 19 April 1917, following the defeat of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) at the First Battle of Gaza in March, during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.
A ship is a large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep waterways, carrying passengers or goods, or in support of specialized missions, such as defense, research and fishing.
SM U-27 was a German Type ''U-27'' U-boat built for service in the Imperial German Navy.
The Sopwith 1½ Strutter was a British single or two-seat multi-role biplane aircraft of the First World War.
The Sopwith Camel was a British First World War single-seat biplane fighter aircraft introduced on the Western Front in 1917.
The Sopwith Pup was a British single-seater biplane fighter aircraft built by the Sopwith Aviation Company.
The Sopwith Triplane was a British single seat fighter aircraft designed and manufactured by the Sopwith Aviation Company during the First World War.
SS River Clyde was a British collier built by Russell & Co of Port Glasgow on the Firth of Clyde and completed in March 1905.
Air Vice Marshal Stanley James (Jimmy) Goble, CBE, DSO, DSC (21 August 1891 – 24 July 1948) was a senior commander in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).
Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale or its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.
Sub-lieutenant is a junior military officer rank.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
Thasos or Thassos (Θάσος) is a Greek island, geographically part of the North Aegean Sea, but administratively part of the Kavala regional unit.
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published.
The Riddle of the Sands: A Record of Secret Service is a 1903 novel by Erskine Childers.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
The Tondern raid, officially designated Operation F.7, was a British bombing raid mounted by the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force against the Imperial German Navy's airship base at Tønder, Denmark, then a part of Germany.
A torpedo bomber is a military aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with aerial torpedoes.
TSS Manxman was a turbine steamer launched in 1904 for the Midland Railway and operated between Heysham and Douglas, Isle of Man.
Tulkarm or Tulkarem (طولكرم, Ṭūlkarm) is a Palestinian city in the West Bank, located in the Tulkarm Governorate.
Turnhouse is a suburb in the west of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland, near Maybury, Gogar, Cammo and West Craigs.
Upavon is a rural village and civil parish in the English County of Wiltshire, England.
Vendôme is a town in central France and is a subprefecture of the department of Loir-et-Cher.
Vickers was a famous name in British engineering that existed through many companies from 1828 until 1999.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
A warrant is generally an order that serves as a specific type of authorization, that is, a writ issued by a competent officer, usually a judge or magistrate, which permits an otherwise illegal act that would violate individual rights and affords the person executing the writ protection from damages if the act is performed.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Wilhelmshaven (meaning William's Harbour) is a coastal town in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir William Forster Dickson, (24 September 1898 – 12 September 1987) was a Royal Naval Air Service aviator during the First World War, a senior officer in the Royal Air Force during the inter-war years and a Royal Air Force commander during and after the Second World War.
William Francis Forbes-Sempill, 19th Lord Sempill AFC, AFRAeS, (24 September 1893 – 30 December 1965) was a Scottish peer and record-breaking air pioneer who was later shown to have passed secret information to the Imperial Japanese military before the Second World War.
Wing commander (Wg Cdr in the RAF, the IAF, and the PAF, WGCDR in the RNZAF and RAAF, formerly sometimes W/C in all services) is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence, including many Commonwealth countries but not including Canada and South Africa.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World number 1 ranked male tennis players is a year-by-year listing of the male tennis players who were, at the end of a full calendar year of play, at the time, generally considered to be the best overall for that entire calendar year.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yarmouth is a town, port and civil parish in the west of the Isle of Wight, off the south coast of England.
The Yser (l'Yser, IJzer) is a river that rises in French Flanders (the north of France), enters the Belgian province of West Flanders and flows through the Ganzepoot and into the North Sea at the town of Nieuwpoort.
A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.