205 relations: Alexander Mackay (British Army officer), Allied invasion of Sicily, American Revolutionary War, Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, Argyll's Rising, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Ayr, Ayrshire, Battle honours of the British and Imperial Armies, Battle of Albert (1916), Battle of Anzio, Battle of Arras (1917), Battle of Arras (1940), Battle of Bladensburg, Battle of Blenheim, Battle of Bothwell Bridge, Battle of Delville Wood, Battle of Dettingen, Battle of Dunkirk, Battle of Fontenoy, Battle of France, Battle of Inkerman, Battle of Jaffa (1917), Battle of La Bassée, Battle of Loos, Battle of Madagascar, Battle of Malplaquet, Battle of Mons, Battle of Neuve Chapelle, Battle of New Orleans, Battle of Ramillies, Battle of the Ancre, Battle of the Ancre Heights, Battle of the Lys (1918), Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, Battle of the Somme, Battle of the Tugela Heights, Belle Île, Black Watch, Boulogne-sur-Mer, British Army, British Expeditionary Force (World War II), British Indian Army, British Raj, Burma Campaign 1944–45, Burns Statue Square drill hall, Ayr, Capitulation of Diksmuide, Cardwell Reforms, Cashiering, ..., Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery, Charles Erskine, Earl of Mar, Childers Reforms, Churchill Barracks, Citadel of Lille, Covenanter, Cravat, Crimean War, Culloden, Highland, David Lauder, De Lacy Evans, Deinze, Deneys Reitz, Dennis Donnini, Duke of Wellington's Regiment, Dumfriesshire, Dunkirk evacuation, Earl of Mar, Edinburgh, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), First Battle of the Aisne, First Battle of the Marne, First Battle of Ypres, Flanders, Fourteenth Army (United Kingdom), Francis Fergus O'Farrell, Frederick Adam, Frederick Haines, Frederick William Hamilton, Gallipoli, Gallipoli Campaign, George I of Great Britain, George Macartney (British Army officer), George Ravenhill, Glorious Revolution, Great Retreat, Hamilton–Mohun Duel, Highland Light Infantry, Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons), Hindenburg Line, Hugh Mackay (general), Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, Huguenots, I Canadian Corps, Infantry, Italian Campaign (World War II), Jacobite rising of 1715, Jacobite rising of 1745, James Forbes, 17th Lord Forbes, James II of England, James Inglis Hamilton, James Murray (British Army officer, born 1721), John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll, John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, John Manson Craig, John Mordaunt, Viscount Mordaunt, Karlstein am Main, Kilmarnock, Kirkcudbrightshire, Krugersdorp, Landen, Large regiment, Le Havre, Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom), Lille, Line infantry, Lowland Brigade (United Kingdom), Mandatory Palestine, Napoleonic Wars, Nine Years' War, Northamptonshire Regiment, Operation Overlord, Oudenaarde, Oxford–Bolingbroke ministry, Palisade, Ploegsteert Wood, Polygon Wood, Zonnebeke, Quebec, Redford Barracks, Regiment, Roxburghshire, Royal Highland Fusiliers, Royal Regiment of Scotland, Royal Scots Borderers, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Scotland, Scots Brigade, Scottish Command, Seaforth Highlanders, Second Battle of Bapaume, Second Boer War, Selkirkshire, Seven Years' War, Sheriffmuir, Siege of Bergen op Zoom (1814), Siege of Fort Ticonderoga (1777), Sinai and Palestine Campaign, Sir James Wood, 2nd Baronet, South-East Asian theatre of World War II, Special Reserve, Stanley Boughey, Territorial Force, The British Grenadiers, The Protectorate, Thessaloniki, Thomas Buchan, Thomas Caldwell (VC), Thomas Corbett, 2nd Baron Rowallan, Thomas Meredyth, Titchfield Street drill hall, Kilmarnock, Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), Treaty of Ryswick, Treaty of Utrecht, Walcourt, Walter Clutterbuck, War of 1812, War of the Austrian Succession, War of the Spanish Succession, Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Western Allied invasion of Germany, Western Front (World War I), Whigs (British political party), Wigtownshire, William Gordon (British Army officer), William III of England, William Maule, 1st Earl Panmure, Winston Churchill, Winter Line, World War I, World War II, Zeebrugge, 147th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 155th (South Scottish) Brigade, 156th (Scottish Rifles) Brigade, 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 17th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 21st Army Group, 21st Brigade (United Kingdom), 222nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 26th Division (United Kingdom), 27th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot, 29th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 36th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 45th Brigade (United Kingdom), 46th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division, 51st (Highland) Division, 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 5th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 7th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 9th (Scottish) Division, 9th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom). Expand index (155 more) » « Shrink index
General Alexander Mackay (1717 – 31 May 1789) was a Scottish soldier in the British Army, and a politician.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707.
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Argyll's Rising or Argyll's Rebellion was a 1685 attempt by a group of largely Scottish exiles, led by Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll, to overthrow King James II and VII.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Ayr (Inbhir Àir, "Mouth of the River Ayr") is a large town and former Royal Burgh on the west coast of Ayrshire in Scotland.
Ayrshire (Siorrachd Inbhir Àir) is an historic county and registration county in south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde.
The following battle honours were awarded to units of the British Army and the armies of British India and the Dominions of the British Empire.
The Battle of Albert (1–13 July 1916), comprised the first two weeks of Anglo-French offensive operations in the Battle of the Somme.
The Battle of Anzio was a battle of the Italian Campaign of World War II that took place from January 22, 1944 (beginning with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle) to June 5, 1944 (ending with the capture of Rome).
The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front.
The Battle of Arras, part of the Battle of France, took place during the Second World War on 21 May 1940.
The Battle of Bladensburg was a battle of the Chesapeake campaign of the War of 1812, fought on 24 August 1814.
The Battle of Blenheim (German:Zweite Schlacht bei Höchstädt; French Bataille de Höchstädt), fought on 13 August 1704, was a major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession.
The Battle of Bothwell Bridge, or Bothwell Brig, took place on 22 June 1679.
The Battle of Delville Wood was a series of engagements in the 1916 Battle of the Somme in the First World War, between the armies of the German Empire and the British Empire.
The Battle of Dettingen (Schlacht bei Dettingen) took place on 27 June 1743 at Dettingen on the River Main, Germany, during the War of the Austrian Succession.
The Battle of Dunkirk was a military operation that took place in Dunkirk (Dunkerque), France, during the Second World War.
The Battle of Fontenoy, 11 May 1745,This article uses the Gregorian calendar (unless otherwise stated).
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Inkerman was fought during the Crimean War on 5 November 1854 between the allied armies of Britain, France and Ottoman Empire against the Imperial Russian Army.
The Battle of Jaffa was an engagement fought during the Southern Palestine Offensive of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in World War I, between the Egyptian Expeditionary Force of the British Empire on one side and the Yildirim Army Group of the Ottoman Empire and German Empires on the other.
The Battle of La Bassée was fought by German and Franco-British forces in northern France in October 1914, during reciprocal attempts by the contending armies to envelop the northern flank of their opponent, which has been called the Race to the Sea.
The Battle of Loos was a battle that took place from 1915 in France on the Western Front, during the First World War.
The Battle of Madagascar was the British campaign to capture Vichy French-controlled Madagascar during World War II.
The Battle of Malplaquet was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession, fought on 11 September 1709, which opposed the Bourbons of France and Spain against an alliance whose major members were the Habsburg Monarchy, the United Provinces, Great Britain and the Kingdom of Prussia.
The Battle of Mons was the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the First World War.
The Battle of Neuve Chapelle (10–13 March 1915) took place in the First World War.
The Battle of New Orleans was a series of engagements fought between December 14, 1814 and January 18, 1815, constituting the last major battle of the War of 1812.
The Battle of Ramillies, fought on 23 May 1706, was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession.
The Battle of the Ancre was fought by the Fifth Army (Lieutenant-General Hubert Gough), against the German 1st Army (General Fritz von Below).
The Battle of the Ancre Heights (1 October – 11 November 1916), is the name given to the continuation of British attacks after the Battle of Thiepval Ridge from during the Battle of the Somme.
The Battle of the Lys, also known as the Lys Offensive, the Fourth Battle of Ypres, the Fourth Battle of Flanders and Operation Georgette (Batalha de La Lys and 3ème Bataille des Flandres), was part of the 1918 German offensive in Flanders during World War I, also known as the Spring Offensive.
The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, sometimes called "Battle of the Menin Road", was the third British general attack of the Third Battle of Ypres in the First World War.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Battle of Tugela (or Thukela) Heights, consisted of a series of military actions lasting from 14 February through 27 February 1900 in which General Sir Redvers Buller's British army forced Louis Botha's Boer army to lift the Siege of Ladysmith during the Second Boer War.
Belle-Île, Belle-Île-en-Mer, or Belle Isle (ar Gerveur in Modern Breton; Guedel in Old Breton) is a French island off the coast of Brittany in the département of Morbihan, and the largest of Brittany's islands.
The Black Watch, 3rd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland (3 SCOTS) is an infantry battalion of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
The Burma Campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was fought primarily by British Commonwealth, Chinese and United States forces against the forces of Imperial Japan, who were assisted to some degree by Thailand, the Burmese Independence Army and the Indian National Army.
The Burns Statue Square drill hall is a military installation in Ayr.
The Capitulation of Diksmuide or Dixmuide was part of the Allied campaign of 1695 to recapture the strategic city of Namur during the Nine Years' War.
The Cardwell Reforms were a series of reforms of the British Army undertaken by Secretary of State for War Edward Cardwell between 1868 and 1874 with the support of Liberal prime minister William Ewart Gladstone.
Cashiering (or degradation ceremony), generally within military forces, is a ritual dismissal of an individual from some position of responsibility for a breach of discipline.
Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery KT PC FRS (28 July 1674 – 28 August 1731) was an English nobleman, statesman and patron of the sciences.
Charles Erskine, Earl of Mar (19 October 1650 – 23 May 1689) was a Scottish nobleman.
The Childers Reforms of 1881 reorganised the infantry regiments of the British Army.
Churchill Barracks was a military installation in Ayr, Scotland.
The Citadel of Lille (Citadelle de Lille; Citadel van Rijsel) is a pentagonal citadel of the city wall of Lille, in France.
The Covenanters were a Scottish Presbyterian movement that played an important part in the history of Scotland, and to a lesser extent that of England and Ireland, during the 17th century.
The cravat is a neckband, the forerunner of the modern tailored necktie and bow tie, originating from a style worn by members of the seventeenth-century military unit known as the Croats.
The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.
Culloden (from Scottish Gaelic Cùl Lodain, "back of the small pond"; modern Gaelic Cùil Lodair) is the name of a village east of Inverness, Scotland and the surrounding area.
David Ross Lauder VC (31 January 1894 – 4 June 1972) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
General Sir George de Lacy Evans (1787 – 9 January 1870) was a British Army general who served in four wars in which the United Kingdom's troops took part in the 19th century.
Deinze is a city and a municipality located in the Belgian province of East Flanders.
Deneys Reitz (1882—1944), son of Francis William Reitz, was a Boer soldier who fought in the Second Boer War for the South African Republic against the British Empire.
Dennis Donnini VC (17 November 1925 – 18 January 1945) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, forming part of the King's Division.
Dumfriesshire or the County of Dumfries (Siorrachd Dhùn Phris in Gaelic) is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area of Scotland.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
The title Mormaer or Earl of Mar has been created several times, all in the Peerage of Scotland.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
The First Battle of the Aisne (1re Bataille de l'Aisne) was the Allied follow-up offensive against the right wing of the German First Army (led by Alexander von Kluck) and the Second Army (led by Karl von Bülow) as they retreated after the First Battle of the Marne earlier in September 1914.
The Battle of the Marne (Première bataille de la Marne, also known as the Miracle of the Marne, Le Miracle de la Marne) was a World War I battle fought from It resulted in an Allied victory against the German armies in the west.
The First Battle of Ypres (Première Bataille des Flandres Erste Flandernschlacht, was a battle of the First World War, fought on the Western Front around Ypres, in West Flanders, Belgium, during October and November 1914.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
The British Fourteenth Army was a multi-national force comprising units from Commonwealth countries during World War II.
Francis Fergus O’Farrell was an Irish soldier of the seventeenth century who settled in the Dutch Republic and served in the army of William III.
General Sir Frederick Adam (17 June 178417 August 1853) was a Scottish major-general at the Battle of Waterloo, in command of the 3rd (Light) Brigade.
Field Marshal Sir Frederick Paul Haines (10 August 1819 – 11 June 1909) was a British Army officer.
General Sir Frederick William Hamilton, (8 July 1815 – 4 October 1890) was a British Army officer who served as Major General commanding the Brigade of Guards from 1868 to 1870.
The Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu Yarımadası; Χερσόνησος της Καλλίπολης, Chersónisos tis Kallípolis) is located in the southern part of East Thrace, the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles strait to the east.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
George I (George Louis; Georg Ludwig; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698 until his death.
Lieutenant-General George Macartney or Maccartney (c. 1660–1730) was an Irish officer of the British Army.
George Albert Ravenhill VC (21 February 1872 – 14 April 1921) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III, Prince of Orange, who was James's nephew and son-in-law.
The Great Retreat, also known as the Retreat from Mons, is the name given to the long withdrawal to the River Marne, in August and September 1914, by the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and the French Fifth Army, Allied forces on the Western Front in World War I, after their defeat by the Imperial German armies at the Battle of Charleroi (21 August) and the Battle of Mons (23 August).
The Hamilton–Mohun Duel occurred on 12 November 1712 in Hyde Park, then on the outskirts of London.
The Highland Light Infantry (HLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1881.
The Highlanders, 4th Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland (4 SCOTS) is an infantry battalion of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.
Hugh Mackay (c. 1640 – 24 July 1692) was a Scottish military officer who settled in the Netherlands and spent most of his career in the service of William of Orange (later William III of England).
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, (3 February 1873 – 10 February 1956) was a British officer who was instrumental in establishing the Royal Air Force.
Huguenots (Les huguenots) are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants who follow the Reformed tradition.
I Canadian Corps was one of the two corps fielded by the Canadian Army during the Second World War.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
The Jacobite rising of 1715 (Bliadhna Sheumais) (also referred to as the Fifteen or Lord Mar's Revolt), was the attempt by James Francis Edward Stuart (also called the Old Pretender) to regain the thrones of England, Ireland and Scotland for the exiled House of Stuart.
The Jacobite rising of 1745 or 'The '45' (Bliadhna Theàrlaich, "The Year of Charles") is the name commonly used for the attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for the House of Stuart.
James Ochoncar Forbes, 17th Lord Forbes (1765–1843), was a Scottish soldier and peer.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
General James Inglis Hamilton,In his obituary, he is called "James Inglis Hamilton"; however, on the British Army Lists and the Cambridge parole he is listed as just "James Hamilton".
General James Murray (21 January 1721, Ballencrieff, East Lothian, Scotland – 18 June 1794, Battle, East Sussex) FRS was a British soldier, whose lengthy career included service as colonial administrator and governor of the Province of Quebec and later as Governor of Minorca from 1778 to 1782. His term in Quebec was notably successful, and marked with excellent relationships with the conquered French-Canadians, who were reassured of their traditional rights and customs.
General John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll KT PC (c. 1693 – 9 November 1770), was a Scottish Whig politician and general in the 18th century.
General John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, 1st Prince of Mindelheim, 1st Count of Nellenburg, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, (26 May 1650 – 16 June 1722 O.S.) was an English soldier and statesman whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs.
John Manson Craig, VC (5 March 1896 – 19 February 1970) was a British Army officer and Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
John Mordaunt, Viscount Mordaunt (c. 1681 – 5 April 1710) was an English soldier and politician.
Karlstein am Main (officially Karlstein a.Main) is a municipality in the Aschaffenburg district in the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia (Unterfranken) in Bavaria, Germany.
Kilmarnock (Cille Mheàrnaig, "Meàrnag's church") is a large burgh in East Ayrshire, Scotland with a population of 46,350, making it the 15th most populated place in Scotland and the second largest town in Ayrshire.
Kirkcudbrightshire, or the County of Kirkcudbright or the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area in the informal Galloway area of south-western Scotland.
Krugersdorp (Afrikaans for Kruger's town) is a mining city in the West Rand, Gauteng Province, South Africa founded in 1887 by Marthinus Pretorius.
Landen is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant.
A large regiment is a multi-battalion infantry formation of the British Army.
Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.
Lieutenant colonel (Lt Col), is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines which is also used in many Commonwealth countries.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Line infantry was the type of infantry that composed the basis of European land armies from the middle of the 17th century to the middle of the 19th century.
The Lowland Brigade is a historical unit of the British Army which has been formed a number of times.
Mandatory Palestine (فلسطين; פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י), where "EY" indicates "Eretz Yisrael", Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Syria after World War I. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The Nine Years' War (1688–97) – often called the War of the Grand Alliance or the War of the League of Augsburg – was a conflict between Louis XIV of France and a European coalition of Austria, the Holy Roman Empire, the Dutch Republic, Spain, England and Savoy.
The Northamptonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1960.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Oudenaarde (French Audenarde, English sometimes Oudenarde) is a Belgian municipality in the Flemish province of East Flanders.
The Oxford–Bolingbroke ministry was the British government that existed between 1710 and 1714 in the reign of Queen Anne.
A palisade—sometimes called a stakewall or a paling—is typically a fence or wall made from wooden stakes or tree trunks and used as a defensive structure or enclosure.
Ploegsteert Wood was a sector of the Western Front in Flanders in World War I, part of the Ypres Salient.
Polygon Wood is a forest located between Ypres and Zonnebeke, Belgium.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Redford Cavalry and Infantry Barracks is located on Colinton Road, near the Edinburgh City Bypass, east of the suburb of Colinton in Edinburgh, Scotland.
A regiment is a military unit.
Roxburghshire or the County of Roxburgh is a historic county and registration county in the Southern Uplands of Scotland.
The Royal Highland Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland (2 SCOTS) is an infantry battalion of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
The Royal Regiment of Scotland is the senior and only Scottish line infantry regiment of the British Army Infantry.
The Royal Scots Borderers, 1st Battalion, the Royal Regiment of Scotland (1 SCOTS) is a Specialised Infantry Battalion of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Seigneur de Vauban and later Marquis de Vauban (1 May 163330 March 1707), commonly referred to as Vauban, was a French military engineer who rose in the service to the king and was commissioned as a Marshal of France.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The Scots Brigade (also referred to as the Anglo-Dutch Brigade) was an infantry brigade serving in the army of the Dutch Republic.
Scottish Command or Army Headquarters Scotland (from 1972) is a command of the British Army.
The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's) was a historic line infantry regiment of the British Army, mainly associated with large areas of the northern Highlands of Scotland.
The Second Battle of Bapaume was a battle of the First World War that took place at Bapaume in France, from 21 August 1918 to 3 September 1918.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
Selkirkshire or the County of Selkirk (Siorrachd Shalcraig) is a historic county and registration county of Scotland.
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763.
Sheriffmuir (or Sheriff Muir; Scottish Gaelic: Sliabh an t-Siorraim), the site of the inconclusive 1715 Battle of Sheriffmuir (part of the Jacobite rising of 1715), lies on the slopes of the Ochil Hills in Scotland, just inside the Perthshire border.
The Siege of Bergen op Zoom (8 March 1814), took place during the War of the Sixth Coalition between a British force led by Thomas Graham, 1st Baron Lynedoch and a French garrison under Guilin Laurent Bizanet and Jean-Jacques Ambert.
The 1777 Siege of Fort Ticonderoga occurred between 2 and 6 July 1777 at Fort Ticonderoga, near the southern end of Lake Champlain in the state of New York.
The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, supported by the German Empire.
Sir James Wood, 2nd Baronet (died 1738) was a Scottish officer of the Dutch States Army and later the British Army.
The South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was the name given to the campaigns of the Pacific War in Burma, Ceylon, India, Thailand, Philippines, Indochina, Malaya and Singapore.
The Special Reserve was established on 1 April 1908 with the function of maintaining a reservoir of manpower for the British Army and training replacement drafts in times of war.
Stanley Henry Parry Boughey VC (9 April 1896 – 4 December 1917) was a British recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.
"The British Grenadiers" is a traditional marching song of British and Canadian military units whose badge of identification features a grenade, the tune of which dates from the 17th century.
The Protectorate was the period during the Commonwealth (or, to monarchists, the Interregnum) when England and Wales, Ireland and Scotland were governed by a Lord Protector as a republic.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
Thomas Buchan (c.1641–1721) was a Scottish professional soldier from Aberdeenshire who served in the armies of France, the Netherlands and Scotland.
Thomas Caldwell VC (10 February 1894 – 6 June 1969) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Thomas Godfrey Polson Corbett, 2nd Baron Rowallan, KT, KBE, MC, TD (19 December 1895 – 30 November 1977) had a distinguished military career, and was Chief Scout of the British Commonwealth and Empire and Governor of Tasmania.
Lieutenant-General Thomas Meredyth (or Meredith) was an Irish officer of the British Army.
The Titchfield Street drill hall is a former military installation in Kilmarnock.
The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle of 1748, sometimes called the Treaty of Aachen, ended the War of the Austrian Succession following a congress assembled on 24 April 1748 at the Free Imperial City of Aachen, called Aix-la-Chapelle in French and then also in English, in the west of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Treaty or Peace of Ryswick, also known as The Peace of Rijswijk was a series of agreements signed in the Dutch city of Rijswijk between 20 September and 30 October 1697, ending the 1689-97 Nine Years War between France and the Grand Alliance of England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic.
The Treaty of Utrecht, which established the Peace of Utrecht, is a series of individual peace treaties, rather than a single document, signed by the belligerents in the War of the Spanish Succession, in the Dutch city of Utrecht in March and April 1713.
Walcourt is a Walloon municipality and town located in Belgium in the province of Namur.
Major-General Walter Edmond Clutterbuck DSO MC (17 November 1894 – 2 February 1987) was a British Army officer who fought during both World War I and World War II.
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.
The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748) involved most of the powers of Europe over the question of Maria Theresa's succession to the Habsburg Monarchy.
The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700.
The Wars of the Three Kingdoms, sometimes known as the British Civil Wars, formed an intertwined series of conflicts that took place in the kingdoms of England, Ireland and Scotland between 1639 and 1651.
The Western Allied invasion of Germany was coordinated by the Western Allies during the final months of hostilities in the European theatre of World War II.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Wigtownshire or the County of Wigtown is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area in south-west Scotland.
General William Gordon (1736 – 25 May 1816), of Fyvie, was a British general and courtier.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
General William Maule, 1st Earl Panmure (1700–1782) was a Scottish soldier and politician.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The Winter Line was a series of German and Italian military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organisation Todt and commanded by Albert Kesselring.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zeebrugge (from: Brugge aan zee meaning "Bruges on Sea", Zeebruges) is a village on the coast of Belgium and a subdivision of Bruges, for which it is the modern port.
The 147th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force (Territorial Army after 1920), that served in both World War I and World War II with the 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division.
The 155th (South Scottish) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II.
The 156th (Scottish Rifles) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army.
The 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.
The 17th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army which provided active service in the Second Boer War and both the First and Second World Wars.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The 21st Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army.
The 222nd Infantry Brigade was a Home Service formation of the British Army that existed under various short-lived titles in both the First and Second World Wars.
The 26th Division was an infantry division of the British Army during World War I. The division was created in September 1914 from men volunteering for Lord Kitchener's New Armies and was the last division to be raised under the K3 elistment scheme.
The 27th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw service in World War I, World War II and the Korean War.
The 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1694.
The 29th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade unit of the British Army.
The 2nd Infantry Division was a Regular Army infantry division of the British Army, with a long history.
The 36th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
The 45th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both the First and Second World Wars with 15th (Scottish) Division.
The 46th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II with the 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division.
The 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918.
The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 5th Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army.
The 7th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, first established by The Duke of Wellington as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army for service in the Peninsular War, and was active also during the First World War from 1914–1919, and in the Second World War from 1938–1939 in Palestine and Egypt.
The 9th (Scottish) Division, was an infantry division of the British Army during World War I, one of the Kitchener's Army divisions raised from volunteers by Lord Kitchener to serve on the Western Front during the First World War.
The 9th Infantry Brigade was a Regular Army infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during both the First and Second World Wars.
21st (Royal North British Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot, 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot, 21st Foot, 21st Regiment of Foot, 21st Regiment of Foot (Royal North British Fusiliers), Earl of Mar's Fusiliers, Earl of Mar's Grey Breeks, Earl of Mar's regiment of foot, North British Fuzileers, Royal North British Fusiliers, Royal Scots Fusiliers 21st of Foot, Scots Fusiliers, Scots Fuzileers, The Royal Scots Fusiliers.