27 relations: Antisense RNA, Antitermination, Bacillus, Bacillus subtilis, Bioinformatics, Biomolecular structure, Cold shock response, Cytosine, Enzyme, Five prime untranslated region, Gene expression, Gene knockout, Hfq protein, Homology (biology), Messenger RNA, Metabolism, Non-coding RNA, Osmotic shock, PEP group translocation, Pseudoknot, RsaOG, Sigma factor, Staphylococcus, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Trans-acting.
Antisense RNA (asRNA), also referred to as antisense transcript, natural antisense transcript (NAT) or antisense oligonucleotide, is a single stranded RNA that is complementary to a protein coding messenger RNA (mRNA) with which it hybridizes, and thereby blocks its translation into protein.
Antitermination is the prokaryotic cell's aid to fix premature termination of RNA synthesis during the transcription of RNA.
Bacillus is a genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria and a member of the phylum Firmicutes.
Bacillus subtilis, known also as the hay bacillus or grass bacillus, is a Gram-positive, catalase-positive bacterium, found in soil and the gastrointestinal tract of ruminants and humans.
Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data.
Biomolecular structure is the intricate folded, three-dimensional shape that is formed by a molecule of protein, DNA, or RNA, and that is important to its function.
Cold shock response is the physiological response of organisms to sudden cold, especially cold water.
Cytosine (C) is one of the four main bases found in DNA and RNA, along with adenine, guanine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
The 5′ untranslated region (5′ UTR) (also known as a leader sequence or leader RNA) is the region of an mRNA that is directly upstream from the initiation codon.
Gene expression is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product.
A gene knockout (abbreviation: KO) is a genetic technique in which one of an organism's genes is made inoperative ("knocked out" of the organism).
The Hfq protein (also known as HF-I protein) encoded by the hfq gene was discovered in 1968 as an Escherichia coli host factor that was essential for replication of the bacteriophage Qβ.
In biology, homology is the existence of shared ancestry between a pair of structures, or genes, in different taxa.
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that convey genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they specify the amino acid sequence of the protein products of gene expression.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
A non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is an RNA molecule that is not translated into a protein.
Osmotic shock or osmotic stress is physiologic dysfunction caused by a sudden change in the solute concentration around a cell, which causes a rapid change in the movement of water across its cell membrane.
PEP group translocation, also known as the phosphotransferase system or PTS, is a distinct method used by bacteria for sugar uptake where the source of energy is from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP).
A pseudoknot is a nucleic acid secondary structure containing at least two stem-loop structures in which half of one stem is intercalated between the two halves of another stem.
RsaOG (an acronym for RNA S. aureus Orsay G) is a non-coding RNA that was discovered in the pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus aureus N315 using a large scale computational screening based on phylogenetic profiling.
A sigma factor (σ factor) is a protein needed only for initiation of transcription.
Staphylococcus (from the σταφυλή, staphylē, "grape" and κόκκος, kókkos, "granule") is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria.
Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive, round-shaped bacterium that is a member of the Firmicutes, and it is a member of the normal flora of the body, frequently found in the nose, respiratory tract, and on the skin.
Staphylococcus epidermidis is a Gram-positive bacterium, and one of over 40 species belonging to the genus Staphylococcus.
Staphylococcus saprophyticus is a Gram-positive coccus belonging to the coagulase-negative genus Staphylococcus.
In the field of molecular biology, trans-acting (trans-regulatory, trans-regulation), in general, means "acting from a different molecule" (i.e., intermolecular).