138 relations: A658 road, Aerodrome, Aeronautical chart, Air France Flight 358, Air traffic control, Aircraft, Airfield rubber removal, Airspeed, Altitude, Approach lighting system, Aquaplaning, Asiana Airlines Flight 214, Asphalt, Asphalt concrete, Aviation, Aviation safety, Azimuth, Bearing capacity, Boeing 747, Brick, British Airways Flight 38, Cairns Army Airfield, California bearing ratio, Chevron (insignia), Civil aviation, Clay, Cleveland, Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Coefficient, Colombia, Concrete, Coral, Course (navigation), Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, Deca-, Degree (angle), Density, Density altitude, Denver International Airport, Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Displaced threshold, Distance, Dowel, East Asia, Ecuador, Edwards Air Force Base, Engineered materials arrestor system, Expansion joint, Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Aviation Regulations, ..., Fixed-wing aircraft, Flight service station, Flight simulator, Frost heaving, General aviation, Global Positioning System, Gravel, Ground speed, Halifax Stanfield International Airport, Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Hong Kong, Hooke's law, Ice, Instrument landing system, International airport, International Civil Aviation Organization, Jet airliner, Jet blast, Joint Aviation Requirements, Land and hold short operations, Landing, Landing gear, Laterite, Leeds Bradford Airport, List of airports, London Stansted Airport, Los Angeles International Airport, Luleå Airport, Macadam, Macau, Magnetic bearing, Magnetic declination, Marston Mat, National aviation authority, Non-directional beacon, Non-towered airport, O'Hare International Airport, Ohio, Orlando International Airport, Overpass, Pavement classification number, PDF, Peru, Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, Pilot-controlled lighting, Poaceae, Portland cement, Precision approach path indicator, Pressure washing, Prevailing winds, Qamdo Bamda Airport, Rejected takeoff, Runway edge lights, Runway end identifier lights, Runway incursion, Runway safety area, Runway status lights, Runway visual range, Sand, Sea level, Shetland, Singapore Airlines Flight 006, Snow, Sod, Sodium chloride, Soil, Sommerfeld Tracking, Space Shuttle, Strobe light, Sumburgh Airport, Tabletop runway, Takeoff, TAM Airlines Flight 3054, Taxiing, Taxiway, Tenerife airport disaster, Transport Canada, True north, United States Armed Forces, VHF omnidirectional range, Visual approach slope indicator, Weather, Western Airlines Flight 2605, Wide-body aircraft, Wind direction, Wind rose, Windsock, Wright brothers. Expand index (88 more) » « Shrink index
The A658 is a road in the UK running from Bradford, West Yorkshire to Knaresborough, North Yorkshire passing along the way Leeds Bradford International Airport, where it runs through a tunnel directly under the main runway.
An aerodrome (Commonwealth English) or airdrome (American English) is a location from which aircraft flight operations take place, regardless of whether they involve air cargo, passengers, or neither.
An aeronautical chart is a map designed to assist in navigation of aircraft, much as nautical charts do for watercraft, or a roadmap for drivers.
Air France Flight 358 was an Airbus A340-313E, registration F-GLZQ, on a scheduled international flight from Paris, France, to Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and through controlled airspace, and can provide advisory services to aircraft in non-controlled airspace.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
Airfield rubber removal, also known as runway rubber removal, is the use of high pressure water, abrasives, chemicals and/or other mechanical means to remove the rubber from tires that builds up on airport runways.
Airspeed is the speed of an aircraft relative to the air.
Altitude or height (sometimes known as depth) is defined based on the context in which it is used (aviation, geometry, geographical survey, sport, atmospheric pressure, and many more).
An approach lighting system, or ALS, is a lighting system installed on the approach end of an airport runway and consisting of a series of lightbars, strobe lights, or a combination of the two that extends outward from the runway end.
Aquaplaning or hydroplaning by the tires of a road vehicle, aircraft or other wheeled vehicle occurs when a layer of water builds between the wheels of the vehicle and the road surface, leading to a loss of traction that prevents the vehicle from responding to control inputs.
Asiana Airlines Flight 214 was a scheduled transpacific passenger flight from Incheon International Airport near Seoul, South Korea, to San Francisco International Airport in the United States.
Asphalt, also known as bitumen, is a sticky, black, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum.
Asphalt concrete (commonly called asphalt, blacktop, or pavement in North America, and tarmac, bitumen macadam or rolled asphalt in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland) is a composite material commonly used to surface roads, parking lots, airports, as well as the core of embankment dams.
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.
Aviation safety means the state of an aviation system or organization in which risks associated with aviation activities, related to, or in direct support of the operation of aircraft, are reduced and controlled to an acceptable level.
An azimuth (from the pl. form of the Arabic noun "السَّمْت" as-samt, meaning "the direction") is an angular measurement in a spherical coordinate system.
In geotechnical engineering, bearing capacity is the capacity of soil to support the loads applied to the ground.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
A brick is building material used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction.
British Airways Flight 38 (call sign Speedbird 38) is a scheduled flight by British Airways which travels from Beijing, China to London, United Kingdom.
Cairns Army Airfield is a military airport forming a part of Fort Rucker, in Dale County, Alabama, USA and is owned by the United States Army.
The California bearing ratio (CBR) is a penetration test for eualvation of the mechto anical strength of natural ground, subgrades and base courses beneath new carriageway construction.
A chevron (also spelled cheveron, especially in older documents) is a V-shaped mark, often inverted.
Civil aviation is one of two major categories of flying, representing all non-military aviation, both private and commercial.
Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
Cleveland Hopkins International Airport is a public airport located in Cleveland, Ohio, southwest of the downtown area and adjacent to the Glenn Research Center, one of NASA's ten major field centers.
In mathematics, a coefficient is a multiplicative factor in some term of a polynomial, a series or any expression; it is usually a number, but may be any expression.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
Corals are marine invertebrates in the class Anthozoa of phylum Cnidaria.
In navigation, a vessel's or aircraft's course is the cardinal direction along which the vessel or aircraft is to be steered.
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport is the primary international airport serving the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex area in the U.S. state of Texas.
Deca- or deka-, 1995, NIST Special Publication 811 (symbol da) is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system, denoting a factor of ten.
A degree (in full, a degree of arc, arc degree, or arcdegree), usually denoted by ° (the degree symbol), is a measurement of a plane angle, defined so that a full rotation is 360 degrees.
The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.
The density altitude is the altitude relative to standard atmospheric conditions at which the air density would be equal to the indicated air density at the place of observation.
Denver International Airport, also commonly known as DIA, is an international airport in Denver, Colorado, United States.
Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, usually called Detroit Metro Airport, Metro Airport, or just DTW, is a major international airport in the United States covering, effective March 1, 2018.
A displaced threshold or DTHR is a runway threshold located at a point other than the physical beginning or end of the runway.
Distance is a numerical measurement of how far apart objects are.
A dowel is a cylindrical rod, usually made from wood, plastic, or metal.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about northeast of Lancaster and east of Rosamond.
An engineered materials arrestor system, engineered materials arresting system (EMAS), or arrester bed is a bed of engineered materials built at the end of a runway to reduce the severity of the consequences of a runway excursion.
An expansion joint or movement joint is an assembly designed to safely absorb the temperature-induced expansion and contraction of construction materials, to absorb vibration, to hold parts together, or to allow movement due to ground settlement or earthquakes.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
The Federal Aviation Regulations, or FARs, are rules prescribed by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) governing all aviation activities in the United States.
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (note the two different spellings), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings.
A flight service station (FSS) is an air traffic facility that provides information and services to aircraft pilots before, during, and after flights, but unlike air traffic control (ATC), is not responsible for giving instructions or clearances or providing separation.
A flight simulator is a device that artificially re-creates aircraft flight and the environment in which it flies, for pilot training, design, or other purposes.
Frost heaving (or a frost heave) is an upwards swelling of soil during freezing conditions caused by an increasing presence of ice as it grows towards the surface, upwards from the depth in the soil where freezing temperatures have penetrated into the soil (the freezing front or freezing boundary).
General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
Gravel is a loose aggregation of rock fragments.
Ground speed is the horizontal speed of an aircraft relative to the ground.
Halifax Stanfield International Airport is a Canadian airport located in Enfield, Nova Scotia, an area of Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport, also known as Atlanta Airport, Hartsfield, or Hartsfield–Jackson, is an international airport located south of Atlanta's central business district, in the U.S. state of Georgia.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Hooke's law is a principle of physics that states that the force needed to extend or compress a spring by some distance scales linearly with respect to that distance.
Ice is water frozen into a solid state.
An instrument landing system (ILS) enables pilots to conduct an instrument approach to landing if they are unable to establish visual contact with the runway.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI), is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
A jet airliner (or jetliner) is an airliner powered by jet engines (passenger jet aircraft).
Jet blast is the phenomenon of rapid air movement produced by the jet engines of aircraft, particularly on or before takeoff.
The Joint Aviation Requirements (JAR) were a set of common comprehensive and detailed aviation requirement issued by the Joint Aviation Authorities, intended to minimise Type Certification problems on joint ventures, and also to facilitate the export and import of aviation products.
Land and Hold Short Operations (LAHSO, pronounced "La-So") is an air traffic control procedure for aircraft landing and holding short of an intersecting runway or point on a runway, to balance airport capacity and system efficiency with safety.
Landing is the last part of a flight, where a flying animal, aircraft, or spacecraft returns to the ground.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
Laterite is a soil and rock type rich in iron and aluminium, and is commonly considered to have formed in hot and wet tropical areas.
Leeds Bradford Airport is located at Yeadon, in the City of Leeds Metropolitan District in West Yorkshire, England, northwest of Leeds city centre itself, and from Bradford city centre.
An airport is an aerodrome with facilities for flights to take off and land.
London Stansted Airport is an international airport located at Stansted Mountfitchet in the district of Uttlesford in Essex, northeast of Central London and from the Hertfordshire border.
Los Angeles International Airport is the primary international airport serving Los Angeles, California.
Luleå Airport is located about 7 km south-southeast of Luleå, Sweden, near the village of Kallax.
Macadam is a type of road construction, pioneered by Scottish engineer John Loudon McAdam around 1820, in which single-sized crushed stone layers of small angular stones are placed in shallow lifts and compacted thoroughly.
Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
A magnetic bearing is a type of bearing that supports a load using magnetic levitation.
Magnetic declination or variation is the angle on the horizontal plane between magnetic north (the direction the north end of a compass needle points, corresponding to the direction of the Earth's magnetic field lines) and true north (the direction along a meridian towards the geographic North Pole).
Marston Mat, properly pierced (or perforated) steel planking (PSP), is standardized, perforated steel matting material originally developed by the United States at the Waterways Experiment Station shortly before World War II, primarily for the rapid construction of temporary runways and landing strips (also misspelled as Marsden matting).
A national aviation authority (NAA) or civil aviation authority is a government statutory authority in each country that maintains an aircraft register and oversees the approval and regulation of civil aviation.
A non-directional (radio) beacon (NDB) is a radio transmitter at a known location, used as an aviation or marine navigational aid.
A non-towered airport is an airport without a control tower, or air traffic control (ATC) unit.
O'Hare International Airport, usually referred to as O'Hare Airport, Chicago O'Hare, or simply O'Hare, is an international airport located on the far Northwest Side of Chicago, Illinois, northwest of the Loop business district, operated by the Chicago Department of Aviation and covering.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Orlando International Airport is a major public airport located six miles (10 km) southeast of Downtown Orlando, Florida, United States.
An overpass (called a flyover in the United Kingdom and some other Commonwealth countries) is a bridge, road, railway or similar structure that crosses over another road or railway.
The pavement classification number (PCN) is an International Civil Aviation Organization standard used in combination with the aircraft classification number (ACN) to indicate the strength of a runway, taxiway or airport apron (or ramp).
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport is a civil-military public airport southeast of downtown Phoenix, in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States.
Pilot-controlled lighting (PCL), also known as aircraft radio control of aerodrome lighting (ARCAL) or pilot-activated lighting (PAL), is a system which allows aircraft pilots to control the lighting of an airport or airfield's approach lights, edge lights, and taxiways via radio.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Portland cement is the most common type of cement in general use around the world as a basic ingredient of concrete, mortar, stucco, and non-specialty grout.
A precision approach path indicator (PAPI) is a visual aid that provides guidance information to help a pilot acquire and maintain the correct approach (in the vertical plane) to an airport or an aerodrome.
Pressure washing or power washing is the use of high-pressure water spray to remove loose paint, mold, grime, dust, mud, chewing gum and dirt from surfaces and objects such as buildings, vehicles and concrete surfaces.
Prevailing winds are winds that blow predominantly from a single general direction over a particular point on the Earth's surface.
Qamdo Bamda Airport, also known as Changdu Bangda Airport, is an airport serving Qamdo (Changdu), Tibet, China.
In aviation terminology, a rejected takeoff (RTO) or aborted takeoff is the situation in which it is decided to abort the takeoff of an airplane.
Runway edge lighting are used to outline the edges of runways during periods of darkness or restricted visibility conditions.
Runway end identifier lights (REIL) (ICAO identifies these as Runway Threshold Identification Lights) are installed at many airports to provide rapid and positive identification of the approach end of a particular runway.
A runway incursion is an incident where an unauthorized aircraft, vehicle or person is on a runway.
A runway safety area (RSA) or runway end safety area (RESA) is defined as "the surface surrounding the runway prepared or suitable for reducing the risk of damage to airplanes in the event of an undershoot, overshoot, or excursion from the runway." Past standards called for the RSA to extend only 60m (200 feet) from the ends of the runway.
The system is a technology the is deploying to make runways even safer at busy airports.
Runway visual range (RVR) is in aviation meteorology the distance over which a pilot of an aircraft on the centreline of the runway can see the runway surface markings delineating the runway or identifying its centre line.
Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.
Shetland (Old Norse: Hjaltland), also called the Shetland Islands, is a subarctic archipelago of Scotland that lies northeast of Great Britain.
Singapore Airlines Flight 006 (SQ006/SIA006) was a scheduled Singapore Airlines passenger flight from Singapore Changi Airport to Los Angeles International Airport via Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (now Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport) in Taipei, Taiwan.
Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere (usually from clouds) and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.
Sod or turf is grass and the part of the soil beneath it held together by its roots or another piece of thin material.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
Sommerfeld Tracking, named after German expatriate engineer, Kurt Joachim Sommerfeld,Smith, David J. "Britain's Military airfields 1939-45"http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1953/1953%20-%200510.html then living in England, was a lightweight wire mesh type of prefabricated airfield surface.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
A strobe light or stroboscopic lamp, commonly called a strobe, is a device used to produce regular flashes of light.
Sumburgh Airport is the main airport serving Shetland in Scotland.
A tabletop runway is a runway that is located on the top of a plateau or hill with one or both ends adjacent to a steep precipice which drops into a deep gorge.
Takeoff is the phase of flight in which an aerospace vehicle or an animal goes from the ground to flying in the air.
TAM Airlines Flight 3054 (JJ3054/TAM3054) was a regularly-scheduled domestic passenger flight from Porto Alegre to São Paulo, Brazil.
Taxiing, also sometimes written "taxying", is the movement of an aircraft on the ground, under its own power, in contrast to towing or push-back where the aircraft is moved by a tug.
A taxiway is a path for aircraft at an airport connecting runways with aprons, hangars, terminals and other facilities.
On March 27, 1977, two Boeing 747 passenger jets, KLM Flight 4805 and Pan Am Flight 1736, collided on the runway at Los Rodeos Airport (now Tenerife North Airport), on the Spanish island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, killing 583 people, making it the deadliest accident in aviation history.
Transport Canada (Transports Canada) is the department within the government of Canada which is responsible for developing regulations, policies and services of transportation in Canada.
True north (also called geodetic north) is the direction along Earth's surface towards the geographic North Pole.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
Very High Frequency (VHF) Omni-Directional Range (VOR) is a type of short-range radio navigation system for aircraft, enabling aircraft with a receiving unit to determine their position and stay on course by receiving radio signals transmitted by a network of fixed ground radio beacons.
The visual approach slope indicator (VASI) is a system of lights on the side of an airport runway threshold that provides visual descent guidance information during approach.
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.
Western Airlines Flight 2605, nicknamed the "Night Owl" (Spanish: "El Tecolote"), was an international scheduled passenger flight from Los Angeles, California, to Mexico City, Mexico.
A wide-body aircraft is a jet airliner with a fuselage wide enough to accommodate two passenger aisles, also known as twin-aisle aircraft, with seven or more seats abreast.
Wind direction is reported by the direction from which it originates.
A wind rose is a graphic tool used by meteorologists to give a succinct view of how wind speed and direction are typically distributed at a particular location.
A windsock is a conical textile tube which resembles a giant sock.
The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.
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