94 relations: Adolf Warski, Aleksandr Martynov (Russian politician), Alexander Bogdanov, Alexei Rykov, Anatoly Lunacharsky, Arkadi Kremer, Belarus, Belgium, Bolsheviks, Boris Bakhmeteff, Bourgeoisie, Brussels, Communist Party of Latvia, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Emancipation of Labour, Encyclopædia Britannica, England, Factions of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, Far-left politics, Felix Dzerzhinsky, Finland, Friedrich Engels, Fyodor Dan, General Jewish Labour Bund in Lithuania, Poland and Russia, Georgi Plekhanov, Gleb Krzhizhanovsky, Grigory Aleksinsky, Grigory Zinoviev, History Today, Iskra, Ivan Teodorovich, Joseph Stalin, Julius Martov, Karl Marx, Kronstadt rebellion, League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class, Left-wing politics, Leon Goldman, Leon Trotsky, Leonid Krasin, Lev Kamenev, London, Marxism, Maxim Gorky, Mensheviks, Mezhraiontsy, Minsk, Narodniks, Narva, Natalya Baranskaya, ..., Nikolai Aleksandrovich Rozhkov, Nikolay Chkheidze, Noe Zhordania, October Revolution, Okhrana, Pavel Axelrod, Political party, Proletariat, Red, Revolutionary socialism, Roman Malinovsky, Russian Empire, Russian language, Russian legislative election, 1906, Russian legislative election, 1912, Russian legislative election, January 1907, Russian legislative election, October 1907, Russian Revolution, Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (Mensheviks), Saint Petersburg, Second International, Social democracy, Socialist mode of production, Socialist Revolutionary Party, Soviet (council), Spartacus Educational, State Duma (Russian Empire), Stockholm, Sweden, Tallinn, The Slavonic and East European Review, Tottenham Court Road, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Viktor Nogin, Vladimir Lenin, What Is To Be Done?, Zelenogorsk, Saint Petersburg, Zreniye, 1905 Russian Revolution, 1st Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, 2nd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, 3rd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, 4th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, 5th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. Expand index (44 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf Warski, born Jerzy Adolf Warszawski (April 20, 1868, Warsaw – August 21, 1937, Moscow), was a Jewish leader and theoretician of the communist movement in Poland.
Alexandr Martynov (Alexandr Martinov; also, Aleksandr Samoilovich Pikker;Александр Самойлович Мартынов - Пиккер) (12 December 1865, Pinsk – 5 June 1935, Moscow) was a Jewish Menshevik before the Russian revolutions of 1917, and for a few years after the revolution a critic of the Soviet government's theory of permanent revolution (1923).
Alexander Aleksandrovich Bogdanov (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Богда́нов; born Alyaksandr Malinovsky, Алякса́ндр Алякса́ндравіч Маліно́ўскі) (– 7 April 1928) was a Russian and Soviet physician, philosopher, science fiction writer, and revolutionary of Belarusian ethnicity.
Alexei Ivanovich Rykov (25 February 188115 March 1938) was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet politician most prominent as Premier of Russia and the Soviet Union from 1924 to 1929 and 1924 to 1930 respectively.
Anatoly Vasilyevich Lunacharsky, – 26 December 1933) was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and the first Bolshevik Soviet People's Commissar ("Narkompros"), responsible for Ministry and Education, as well as active playwright, critic, essayist, and journalist throughout his career.
Arkadi Kremer (אַרקאַדי קרעמער; also known as Aleksandr Kremer or Solomon Kremer; 1865–1935) was a Russian socialist leader known as the 'Father of the Bund' (the General Jewish Workers' Union in Lithuania, Poland and Russia).
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
Boris Alexandrovich Bakhmeteff (Борис Александрович Бахметев) (also spelled Bakhmetieff or Bakhmetev) (May 14, 1880 – July 21, 1951) was an engineer, businessman, professor of civil engineering at Columbia University and the only ambassador of the Russian Provisional Government to the United States.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Communist Party of Latvia (Latvijas Komunistiskā partija, LKP; Коммунистическая партия Латвии) was a political party in Latvia.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union.
Emancipation of Labour group (Освобождение труда) was the first Russian Marxist group.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Throughout history, there were a number of political factions within the RSDLP (Russian Social Democratic Labour Party), in addition to the major split of Bolsheviks and Mensheviks.
Far-left politics are political views located further on the left of the left-right spectrum than the standard political left.
Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Russian: Фе́ликс Эдму́ндович Дзержи́нский; Polish: Feliks Dzierżyński; 20 July 1926), nicknamed Iron Felix, was a Polish and Soviet Bolshevik revolutionary, leader and statesman.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
Friedrich Engels (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.;, sometimes anglicised Frederick Engels; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist and businessman.
Fyodor Ilyich Dan (Фёдор Ильич Дан), often known in English as Fedor Dan, (19 October 1871 – 22 January 1947) was one of the founding leaders of Menshevism.
The General Jewish Labour Bund in Lithuania, Poland and Russia (אַלגעמײַנער ײדישער אַרבעטער בּונד אין ליטע פוילין און רוסלאַנד, Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Litah, Poyln un Rusland), generally called The Bund (בונד, cognate to Bund, meaning federation or union) or the Jewish Labour Bund, was a secular Jewish socialist party in the Russian Empire, active between 1897 and 1920.
Georgi Valentinovich Plekhanov (a; 29 November 1856 – 30 May 1918) was a Russian revolutionary and a Marxist theoretician.
Gleb Maximilianovich Krzhizhanovsky (Глеб Максимилиа́нович Кржижано́вский) (24 January 1872 – 31 March 1959) was a Soviet Scientist and a state figure.
Grigory Alekseyevich Aleksinsky (1879–1967) was a prominent Russian Social Democrat and Bolshevik who was elected to the Second Duma in 1907.
Grigory Yevseevich Zinoviev (– August 25, 1936), born Hirsch Apfelbaum, known also under the name Ovsei-Gershon Aronovich Radomyslsky, was a Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet Communist politician.
History Today is an illustrated history magazine.
Iskra (И́скра,, Spark) was a political newspaper of Russian socialist emigrants established as the official organ of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP).
Ivan Adolfovich Teodorovich (Ива́н Адольфо́вич Теодо́рович; Iwan Adolfowicz Teodorowicz) (September 10 (O. S. August 29), 1875 in Smolensk – September 20, 1937) was a Russian Bolshevik activist, and the first Commissar for Food when the Council of People's Commissars was established (October - November 1917).
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Julius Martov or L. Martov (born: Yuliy Osipovich Tsederbaum/Zederbaum) (24 November 1873 – 4 April 1923) was a Russian politician and revolutionary who became the leader of the Mensheviks in early 20th-century Russia.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
The Kronstadt rebellion (Kronshtadtskoye vosstaniye) involved a major unsuccessful uprising against the Bolsheviks in March 1921, during the later years of the Russian Civil War.
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy.
Leon Goldman (1906–1997) was an American surgeon and a pioneer in laser medicine.
Leon Trotsky (born Lev Davidovich Bronstein; – 21 August 1940) was a Russian revolutionary, theorist, and Soviet politician.
Leonid Borisovich Krasin (Леони́д Бори́сович Кра́син; – 24 November 1926) was a Russian engineer, social entrepreneur and Soviet Bolshevik politician and diplomat.
Lev Borisovich Kamenev (born Rozenfeld; – 25 August 1936) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and a prominent Soviet politician.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; – 18 June 1936), primarily known as Maxim (Maksim) Gorky (Макси́м Го́рький), was a Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist.
The Mensheviks (меньшевики) were a faction in the Russian socialist movement, the other being the Bolsheviks.
The Mezhraiontsy (p), usually translated as the "Interdistrictites," were members of a small independent faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (RSDLP), which existed between 1913 and 1917.
Minsk (Мінск,; Минск) is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislach and the Nyamiha Rivers.
The Narodniks (народники) were a politically conscious movement of the Russian middle class in the 1860s and 1870s, some of whom became involved in revolutionary agitation against tsarism.
Narva (Нарва) is the third largest city in Estonia.
Natalya Vladimirovna Baranskaya (Наталья Владимировна Баранская; January 31, 1908 – October 29, 2004) was a Soviet writer of short stories or novellas.
Nikolai Rozhkov (1868–1927) (Николай Рожков) was a Russian historian who became an active revolutionary in the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party (R.S.D.L.P.). In 1905 Rozhkov joined the Bolshevik faction of the R.S.D.L.P. At the 5th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party he was elected as a full member of the Central Committee.
Nikoloz Semyonovich Chkheidze (ნიკოლოზ (კარლო) ჩხეიძე; Никола́й (Карло) Семёнович Чхеи́дзе), commonly known as Karlo Chkheidze (9 March 1864 – 13 June, 1926), was a Georgian social democratic politician.
Noe Zhordania (ნოე ჟორდანია; Ной Никола́евич Жорда́ния; born — January 11, 1953) was a Georgian journalist and Menshevik politician.
The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.
The Department for Protecting the Public Security and Order (Отделение по Охранению Общественной Безопасности и Порядка), usually called "guard department" (tr) and commonly abbreviated in modern sources as Okhrana (t) was a secret police force of the Russian Empire and part of the police department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) in the late 19th century, aided by the Special Corps of Gendarmes.
Pavel Borisovich Axelrod (Па́вел Бори́сович Аксельро́д; 25 August 1850 – 16 April 1928) was a Russian Menshevik.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
The proletariat (from Latin proletarius "producing offspring") is the class of wage-earners in a capitalist society whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power (their ability to work).
Red is the color at the end of the visible spectrum of light, next to orange and opposite violet.
Revolutionary socialism is the socialist doctrine that social revolution is necessary in order to bring about structural changes to society.
Roman Vatslavovich Malinovsky (Рома́н Вацлавович Малино́вский, 1876–1918) was a prominent Russian Bolshevik politician before the revolution, while at the same time working as the best paid agent for the Okhrana.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Legislative elections were held in the Russian Empire from 26 March 1906 till 20 April.
Parliamentary elections were held in the Russian Empire in September 1912 to elect the fourth State Duma.
Parliamentary elections were held in the Russian Empire between January and March 1907.
Parliamentary elections were held in the Russian Empire in October 1907.
The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (Mensheviks) (Российская социал-демократическая рабочая партия (меньшевиков)) was a political party in Russia.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
The Second International (1889–1916), the original Socialist International, was an organization of socialist and labour parties formed in Paris on July 14, 1889.
Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy.
In Marxist theory, socialism (also called the socialist mode of production) refers to a specific historical phase of economic development and its corresponding set of social relations that supersede capitalism in the schema of historical materialism.
The Socialist Revolutionary Party, or Party of Socialists-Revolutionaries (the SRs; Партия социалистов-революционеров (ПСР), эсеры, esery) was a major political party in early 20th century Imperial Russia.
Soviets (singular: soviet; sovét,, literally "council" in English) were political organizations and governmental bodies, primarily associated with the Russian Revolutions and the history of the Soviet Union, and which gave the name to the latter state.
Spartacus Educational is a free online encyclopedia with essays and other educational material on a wide variety of historical subjects (including British History and the History of the USA, as well as other subjects including the First World War, Second World War, Russian Revolution, Slavery, Women's Suffrage, Nazi Germany, Spanish Civil War, and The Cold War).
The State Duma or Imperial Duma was the Lower House, part of the legislative assembly in the late Russian Empire, which held its meetings in the Taurida Palace in St. Petersburg.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.
The Slavonic and East European Review, the journal of the School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES) at University College London, is an international peer-reviewed multidisciplinary academic journal in the fields of social sciences and humanities founded in 1922 by Bernard Pares, Robert William Seton-Watson and Harold Williams (SSEES) and dedicated to Slavonic and East European Studies published quarterly (January, April, July and October) by Maney Publishing for the Modern Humanities Research Association on behalf of SSEES.
Tottenham Court Road (occasionally abbreviated as TCR) is a major road in the Fitzrovia district of Central London, running from St Giles Circus to Euston Road.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
Viktor Pavlovich Nogin (Ви́ктор Па́влович Ноги́н; 14 February 1878 – 22 May 1924) was a prominent Bolshevik in Moscow, holding many high positions in the party and in government, including Chairman of the Moscow Military-Revolutionary Committee and Chairman of the Presidium of the Executive Committee of Moscow Council of Workers' Deputies.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
What Is To Be Done? Burning Questions of Our Movement (Chto delat'?), is a political pamphlet written by the Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin (credited as "N. Lenin") in 1901 and published in 1902.
Zelenogorsk (Зеленого́рск; before 1948 Terijoki, a name still used in Finnish and Swedish), is a municipal town in Kurortny District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia, located in part of the Karelian Isthmus on the shore of the Gulf of Finland.
Zreniye (Vision) was a Bolshevik legal weekly newspaper published in St. Petersburg, Russia, during the Second Duma election campaign in 1907, with Lenin participating.
The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the government.
The 1st Congress of the RSDLP (Russian: Российская социал-демократическая рабочая партия, РСДРП) was held between March 13–March 15 (March 1–March 3, O.S.) 1898 in Minsk, Russian Empire (now Belarus) in secrecy.
The 2nd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party was held during July 30–August 23 (July 17–August 10, O.S.) 1903, starting in Brussels, Belgium (until August 6) and ending in London.
The 3rd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party was held during 25 April - 10 May 1905 in London, UK.
The Fourth (Unity) Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party that took place in Stockholm, Sweden, from 10-25 April (23 April to 8 May), 1906.
The 5th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party was held in London between May 13 and June 1, 1907.
R.S.D.L.P., RSDLP, RSDRP, RSDWP, Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, Russian Social Democratic Labor party, Russian Social Democratic Workers Party, Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party, Russian Social Democratic and Labour Party, Russian Social-Democratic Labor Party, Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party, Russian Social-Democratic Party, Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, Russian Socialist Democratic Party, SDWP, РСДРП, Росси́йская Социа́л-Демократи́ческая Рабо́чая Па́ртия.