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Russian orthography

Index Russian orthography

Russian orthography (p) is formally considered to encompass spelling (p) and punctuation (p). [1]

51 relations: Akanye, American English, Apposition, Aside, Bracket, Church Slavonic language, Colon (punctuation), Comma, Copula (linguistics), Cyrillic script, Dash, Dependent clause, Digraph (orthography), Dotted I (Cyrillic), Ellipsis, Europe, Exclamation mark, Fita, French language, Full stop, German language, Grammatical number, Guillemet, Hard sign, Hyphen, Izhitsa, Masculinity, Medieval Greek, Meletius Smotrytsky, Mikhail Lomonosov, Morpheme, Nominative case, Palatalization (phonetics), Phoneme, Punctuation, Question mark, Quotation mark, Restrictiveness, Rules of Russian Orthography and Punctuation, Russian alphabet, Russian language, Semicolon, Soft sign, Spelling, Spelling rule, Stress (linguistics), Vowel reduction in Russian, Yakov Grot, Yat, Yer, ..., Yoficator. Expand index (1 more) »


Akanye or akanje (аканне, аканье,, akanje) is a phonological phenomenon in Slavic languages in which the phonemes or are realized as more or less close to.

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American English

American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.

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Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side, with one element serving to identify the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition.

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An aside is a dramatic device in which a character speaks to the audience.

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A bracket is a tall punctuation mark typically used in matched pairs within text, to set apart or interject other text.

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Church Slavonic language

Church Slavonic, also known as Church Slavic, New Church Slavonic or New Church Slavic, is the conservative Slavic liturgical language used by the Orthodox Church in Bulgaria, Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Russia, Belarus, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Macedonia and Ukraine.

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Colon (punctuation)

The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line.

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The comma is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages.

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Copula (linguistics)

In linguistics, a copula (plural: copulas or copulae; abbreviated) is a word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate (a subject complement), such as the word is in the sentence "The sky is blue." The word copula derives from the Latin noun for a "link" or "tie" that connects two different things.

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Cyrillic script

The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).

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The dash is a punctuation mark that is similar in appearance to and, but differs from these symbols in both length and height.

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Dependent clause

A dependent clause is a clause that provides a sentence element with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence.

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Digraph (orthography)

A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.

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Dotted I (Cyrillic)

The dotted i (І і; italics: І і&#x202f), also called decimal i (и десятеричное), is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

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An ellipsis (plural ellipses; from the ἔλλειψις, élleipsis, 'omission' or 'falling short') is a series of dots (typically three, such as "…") that usually indicates an intentional omission of a word, sentence, or whole section from a text without altering its original meaning.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Exclamation mark

The exclamation mark (British English) or exclamation point (some dialects of American English) is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), or show emphasis, and often marks the end of a sentence.

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Fita (Ѳ ѳ; italics: Ѳ ѳ) is a letter of the Early Cyrillic alphabet.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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Full stop

The full point or full stop (British and broader Commonwealth English) or period (North American English) is a punctuation mark.

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German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.

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Grammatical number

In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").

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Guillemets, or angle quotes, are a pair of punctuation marks in the form of sideways double chevrons (« and »), used instead of quotation marks in a number of languages.

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Hard sign

The letter Ъ (italics Ъ, ъ) of the Cyrillic script, also spelled jer or er, is known as the hard sign (твёрдый знак tvjórdyj znak) in the modern Russian and Rusyn alphabets, as er golyam (ер голям, "big er") in the Bulgarian alphabet, and as debelo jer (дебело їер, "fat yer") in pre-reform Serbian orthography.

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The hyphen (‐) is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word.

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Izhitsa (Ѵ, ѵ; OCS Ѷжица, И́жица) is a letter of the early Cyrillic alphabet and several later alphabets, usually the last in the row.

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Masculinity (manhood or manliness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles associated with boys and men.

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Medieval Greek

Medieval Greek, also known as Byzantine Greek, is the stage of the Greek language between the end of Classical antiquity in the 5th–6th centuries and the end of the Middle Ages, conventionally dated to the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453.

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Meletius Smotrytsky

Meletius Smotrytsky (translit; Мялецій Сматрыцкі; Melecjusz Smotrycki), né Maksym Herasymovytch Smotrytsky (c. 1577 – 17 or 27 December, 1633), Archbishop of Polotsk (Metropolitan of Kiev), was a writer, a religious and pedagogical activist of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, a Ruthenian linguist whose works influenced the development of the Eastern Slavic languages.

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Mikhail Lomonosov

Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (ləmɐˈnosəf|a.

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A morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit in a language.

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Nominative case

The nominative case (abbreviated), subjective case, straight case or upright case is one of the grammatical cases of a noun or other part of speech, which generally marks the subject of a verb or the predicate noun or predicate adjective, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments.

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Palatalization (phonetics)

In phonetics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.

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A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.

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Punctuation (formerly sometimes called pointing) is the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading of handwritten and printed text, whether read silently or aloud.

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Question mark

The question mark (also known as interrogation point, query, or eroteme in journalism) is a punctuation mark that indicates an interrogative clause or phrase in many languages.

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Quotation mark

Quotation marks, also called quotes, quote marks, quotemarks, speech marks, inverted commas or talking marks, are punctuation marks used in pairs in various writing systems to set off direct speech, a quotation, or a phrase.

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In semantics, a modifier is said to be restrictive (or defining) if it restricts the reference of its head.

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Rules of Russian Orthography and Punctuation

The Rules of Russian Orthography and Punctuation ("Правила русской орфографии и пунктуации", tr.: Pravila russkoj orfografii i punktuacii) of 1956 is the current reference to regulate the modern Russian language.

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Russian alphabet

The Russian alphabet (ˈruskʲɪj ɐɫfɐˈvʲit̪) uses letters from the Cyrillic script.

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Russian language

Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.

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The semicolon or semi colon is a punctuation mark that separates major sentence elements.

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Soft sign

The soft sign (Ь, ь, italics Ь, ь; Russian: мягкий знак) also known as the front yer or front er, is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

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Spelling is the combination of alphabetic letters to form a written word.

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Spelling rule

In Russian, the term spelling rule is used to describe a number of rules relating to the spelling of words in the language that would appear in most cases to deviate from a strictly phonetic transcription.

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Stress (linguistics)

In linguistics, and particularly phonology, stress or accent is relative emphasis or prominence given to a certain syllable in a word, or to a certain word in a phrase or sentence.

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Vowel reduction in Russian

Vowel reduction in Russian differs in the standard language and dialects, which differ from one another.

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Yakov Grot

Yakov Karlovich Grot (Я́ков Ка́рлович Грот) (&ndash), was a nineteenth-century Russian philologist of German extraction who worked at the University of Helsinki.

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Yat or jat (Ѣ ѣ; italics: Ѣ ѣ) is the thirty-second letter of the old Cyrillic alphabet, as well as the name of the sound it represented.

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A yer is one of two letters in Cyrillic alphabets: ъ (ѥръ, jerŭ) and ь (ѥрь, jerĭ).

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Yoficator or Joficator (Ёфикатор) is a computer program or extension for a text editor that restores the Cyrillic letter Yo ⟨Ё⟩ in Russian texts in places where the letter Ye ⟨Е⟩ was used instead.

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Redirects here:

Russian (spelling), Russian spelling.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_orthography

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