304 relations: ABC-CLIO, Admiralty, Afghanistan, Aleksey Kuropatkin, Alexander Pushkin, Alexey Novikov-Priboy, Allen Upward, American Civil War, Anatoly Stessel, Anglo-Japanese Alliance, Anti-Jewish pogroms in the Russian Empire, Armed merchantman, Asiatic Society of Japan, Auckland, Austria-Hungary, Ōyama Iwao, Baltic Fleet, Baltic Sea, Battle of Chemulpo Bay, Battle of Hsimucheng, Battle of Liaoyang, Battle of Motien Pass, Battle of Mukden, Battle of Nanshan, Battle of Port Arthur, Battle of Sandepu, Battle of Shaho, Battle of Tashihchiao, Battle of Te-li-Ssu, Battle of the Yalu River (1894), Battle of the Yalu River (1904), Battle of the Yellow Sea, Battle of Trafalgar, Battle of Tsushima, Battle off Ulsan, Beiyang Fleet, Bernhard von Bülow, Blaise Cendrars, Bloody Sunday (1905), Body count, Boris Akunin, Borodino-class battleship, Boxer Rebellion, Boys' Own, British Empire, British Hong Kong, British Indian Army, British Malaya, British Raj, Bushido, ..., Cam Ranh Bay, Cambridge University Press, Cape Colony, Cape of Good Hope, Cape Route, Capital ship, Cecil Spring Rice, Central Asia, Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), Chinese Eastern Railway, Christian von Ehrenfels, Combined Fleet, Committee of Union and Progress, Convention of Tientsin, Cornell University Library, Court-martial, Crossing the T, Cruiser, Dalian Bay, Declaration of war, Destroyer, Diptych, Documentary film, Dogger Bank incident, Donghak, Douglas Dunn, East Asia Squadron, Edmund Morris (writer), Edward Stratemeyer, Eight-Nation Alliance, Embedded journalism, Emperor Meiji, Empire of Japan, Empress Myeongseong, Epistolary poem, Erast Fandorin, Far East, February Revolution, Field marshal, Finnish War, First Sino-Japanese War, Foreign policy of the Russian Empire, Franco-Prussian War, Frank Thiess, Frederick Sadleir Brereton, Freedom and People's Rights Movement, Fremantle, French Indochina, George E. Mowry, George Griffith, German gold mark, Gojong of Korea, Gold reserve, Great Depression, Great power, Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, Greenwood Publishing Group, Gyeongbokgung, Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, Harbin, Herbert Strang, Hibiya incendiary incident, History of Russia (1892–1917), Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, Ian Hamilton (British Army officer), Ian Nish, Ilya Alekseevich Shatrov, Imperial Japanese Navy, Imperial Russian Navy, Imperialism, Incheon, Inoue Kaoru, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Invasion literature, Invasion of Sakhalin, Irkutsk, Itō Hirobumi, Ivan the Terrible, Jacob Schiff, Jakob Meckel, James Joyce, Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, Japanese militarism, Jawaharlal Nehru, Józef Mehoffer, Józef Piłsudski, Jiaozhou Bay, Joseon, Journal of American Studies, Kamchatka Peninsula, Kaneko Kentarō, Katsura Tarō, Kirk Munroe, Kittery, Maine, Kodama Gentarō, Komura Jutarō, Korea, Korea royal refuge at the Russian legation, Korean Peninsula, Kuhn, Loeb & Co., Kuroki Tamemoto, La prose du Transsibérien et de la Petite Jehanne de France, Law of war, Lüshunkou District, Leiden, Liaodong Peninsula, Library of Congress, List of wars involving Poland, List of warships sunk during the Russo-Japanese War, Lithography, London School of Economics, Longman, Lothrop Stoddard, Madagascar, Manchuria, Manchuria under Qing rule, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Maurice Rouvier, Meiji Restoration, Modern history, Mori Ōgai, Mukden Incident, Mumbai, Nautical fiction, Naval War College Review, Naval warfare, Nicholas II of Russia, Niko Pirosmani, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay Samokish, Nobel Peace Prize, Nogi Maresuke, Non-governmental organization, Nosy Be, October Manifesto, October Revolution, Offensive (military), On the Hills of Manchuria, Oskar Gripenberg, Ottoman Empire, Outline of war, Oxford University Press, Pacific Fleet (Russia), Pacific Ocean, Pacific War, Panchen Lama, Partitions of Poland, Port, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Pre-dreadnought battleship, President of the United States, Qajar dynasty, Qing dynasty, Reilly, Ace of Spies, Revolution in the Kingdom of Poland (1905–07), Roman Rosen, Rosa Luxemburg, Rotem Kowner, Russian battleship Oryol, Russian battleship Petropavlovsk (1894), Russian battleship Pobeda, Russian battleship Retvizan, Russian battleship Tsesarevich, Russian cruiser Pallada (1899), Russian cruiser Varyag (1899), Russian Empire, Russian gunboat Korietz, Russian invasion of Manchuria, Russian Revolution, Russian ship Retvizan, Ryōtarō Shiba, Saint Petersburg, Saka no Ue no Kumo, Saka no Ue no Kumo (TV series), Sakhalin, Seavey's Island, Second Geneva Convention, Second Sino-Japanese War, Seikanron, Seoul, Serbia, Sergei Witte, Shenyang, Shin'ichirō Kurino, Shunrō Oshikawa, Siberia, Sidney Reilly, Siege of Port Arthur, Siege of Tsingtao, Simon's Town, Singapore Strait, Social Science Japan Journal, Sortie, Sphere of influence, Springer Publishing, SS Haimun, Stepan Makarov, Stepan Skitalets, Suing for peace, Sven Hedin, Tael, Tōgō Heihachirō, The American Mercury, The Christian Science Monitor, The Diamond Chariot, The Golden Cockerel, The Russian Review, The Times, Theodore Rex (book), Theodore Roosevelt, Tibet, Toshiro Mifune, Total war, Trans-Siberian Railway, Treaty of Portsmouth, Treaty of Shimonoseki, Trench warfare, Triple Intervention, Triptych, Tsushima incident, Tsushima Strait, Tunnel warfare, Ukiyo-e, Ulysses (novel), United States Army Command and General Staff College, United States Naval Institute, USSR State Prize, Valentin Pikul, Vasily Vereshchagin, Visualizing Cultures (website), Vladivostok, W. E. B. Du Bois, War correspondent, Weihai, Weltpolitik, Western imperialism in Asia, WikiArt, Wilgelm Vitgeft, Wilhelm II, German Emperor, William Nicholson, 1st Baron Nicholson, World War I, Yalu River, Yamagata Aritomo, Yamaza Enjirō, Yellow Peril, Yellow Sea, Yevgeni Ivanovich Alekseyev, Yosano Akiko, Yuan Shikai, Zhang Zuolin, Zinovy Rozhestvensky, 1905 Russian Revolution, 39th parallel north. Expand index (254 more) » « Shrink index
ABC-CLIO, LLC is a publishing company for academic reference works and periodicals primarily on topics such as history and social sciences for educational and public library settings.
The Admiralty, originally known as the Office of the Admiralty and Marine Affairs, was the government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy firstly in the Kingdom of England, secondly in the Kingdom of Great Britain, and from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Aleksey Nikolayevich Kuropatkin (Алексе́й Никола́евич Куропа́ткин; March 29, 1848January 16, 1925) was the Russian Imperial Minister of War from 1898 to 1904, and often held responsible for major Russian defeats in the Russo-Japanese War, most notably at the Battle of Mukden and the Battle of Liaoyang.
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (a) was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic eraBasker, Michael.
Aleksey Silych Novikov-Priboi (Алексей Силыч Новиков-Прибой. March 12, 1877 – April 29, 1944) was the pen-name of A. S. Novikov, an ethnic Russian writer in the Soviet Union, noted for his stories with a nautical theme.
George Allen Upward (20 September 1863 – 12 November 1926) was a poet, lawyer, politician and teacher.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Anatoly Mikhaylovich Stessel (Анато́лий Миха́йлович Сте́ссель), last name also Germanized Stoessel or Stößel (–) was a Russian baron of German descent, military leader, and general responsible for the fall of Port Arthur to the Japanese on January 2, 1905.
The first was signed in London at Lansdowne House, on 30 January 1902, by Lord Lansdowne (British foreign secretary) and Hayashi Tadasu (Japanese minister in London).
Anti-Jewish pogroms in the Russian Empire (Еврейские погромы в России; (הסופות בנגב ha-sufot ba-negev; lit. "the storms in the South") were large-scale, targeted, and repeated anti-Jewish rioting that first began in the 19th century. Pogroms began occurring after the Russian Empire, which previously had very few Jews, acquired territories with large Jewish populations from the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth during 1791–1835. These territories were designated "the Pale of Settlement" by the Imperial Russian government, within which Jews were reluctantly permitted to live, and it was within them that the pogroms largely took place. Most Jews were forbidden from moving to other parts of the Empire, unless they converted to the Russian Orthodox state religion.
An armed merchantman is a merchant ship equipped with guns, usually for defensive purposes, either by design or after the fact.
The is a society of Japanese studies (Japanology).
Auckland is a city in New Zealand's North Island.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
was a Japanese field marshal, and one of the founders of the Imperial Japanese Army.
The Baltic Fleet (Балтийский флот) is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Baltic Sea.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.
The Battle of Chemulpo Bay was a naval battle in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905), which took place on 9 February 1904, off the coast of present-day Incheon, Korea.
The Battle of Hsimucheng (Бой у Симучена) was a minor land engagement of the Russo-Japanese War.
The (Сражение при Ляояне) was the first major land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, on the outskirts of the city of Liaoyang in present-day Liaoning Province, China.
was a minor land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, fought between the Imperial Japanese Army under General Kuroki Tamemoto and the Imperial Russian Army under General Count Fedor Keller over control of a strategic mountain pass on the main road between the coast and Liaoyang, Manchuria on 10 July 1904.
The, one of the largest land battles to be fought before World War I and the last and the most decisive major land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, was fought from 20 February to 10 March 1905 between Japan and Russia near Mukden in Manchuria.
The was one of many vicious land battles of the Russo-Japanese War.
The of Monday 8 February – Tuesday 9 February 1904 marked the commencement of the Russo-Japanese War.
The Battle of Sandepu (also known as the Battle of Heikoutai) (黒溝台会戦 (Kokkōdai no kaisen), Сражение при Сандепу) was a major land battle of the Russo-Japanese War.
The Battle of Shaho (沙河会戦 (Saka no kaisen), Сражение на реке Шахе) was the second large-scale land battle of the Russo-Japanese War fought along a front centered at the Shaho River along the Mukden–Port Arthur spur of the China Far East Railway north of Liaoyang, Manchuria.
The was a land engagement fought on 24–25 July 1904, during the Imperial Japanese Army's advance toward Liaoyang in first stage of the Russo-Japanese War.
The Battle of Te-li-ssu (得利寺の戦い), also called Battle of Wafangou (Бой у Вафангоу) after the nearby railway station, was a land battle of the Russo-Japanese War.
The Battle of the Yalu River (Japanese) was the largest naval engagement of the First Sino-Japanese War, and took place on 17 September 1894, the day after the Japanese victory at the land Battle of Pyongyang.
The Battle of the Yalu River lasted from 30 April to 1 May 1904, and was the first major land battle during the Russo-Japanese War.
The Battle of the Yellow Sea (黄海海戦 Kōkai kaisen; Бой в Жёлтом море) was a major naval engagement of the Russo-Japanese War, fought on 10 August 1904.
The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1796–1815).
The Battle of Tsushima (Цусимское сражение, Tsusimskoye srazheniye), also known as the Battle of Tsushima Strait and the Naval Battle of the Sea of Japan (Japanese: 日本海海戦, Nihonkai-Kaisen) in Japan, was a major naval battle fought between Russia and Japan during the Russo-Japanese War.
The naval Battle off Ulsan (Japanese: 蔚山沖海戦 Urusan'oki kaisen; Russian: Бой в Корейском проливе, Boi v Koreiskom prolive), also known as the Battle of the Japanese Sea or Battle of the Korean Strait, took place on 14 August 1904 between cruiser squadrons of the Imperial Russian Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Russo-Japanese War, four days after the Battle of the Yellow Sea.
The Beiyang Fleet (Pei-yang Fleet;, alternatively Northern Seas Fleet) was one of the four modernised Chinese navies in the late Qing Dynasty.
Bernhard Heinrich Karl Martin von Bülow (3 May 1849 – 28 October 1929), created Prince von Bülow in 1905, was a German statesman who served as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs for three years and then as Chancellor of the German Empire from 1900 to 1909.
Frédéric-Louis Sauser (1 September 1887 – 21 January 1961), better known as Blaise Cendrars, was a Swiss-born novelist and poet who became a naturalized French citizen in 1916.
Bloody Sunday or Red Sunday (p) is the name given to the events of Sunday, in St Petersburg, Russia, when unarmed demonstrators led by Father Georgy Gapon were fired upon by soldiers of the Imperial Guard as they marched towards the Winter Palace to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.
A body count is the total number of people killed in a particular event.
Boris Akunin (Борис Акунин) is the pen name of Grigori Chkhartishvili (Григорий Шалвович Чхартишвили; გრიგორი ჩხარტიშვილი) (born May 20, 1956), a Russian writer of Georgian and Jewish origin.
The Borodino-class battleships were a group of five pre-dreadnought battleships built for the Imperial Russian Navy around the end of the 19th century.
The Boxer Rebellion (拳亂), Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement (義和團運動) was a violent anti-foreign, anti-colonial and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty.
Boys' Own or Boy's Own or Boys Own, is the title of a varying series of similarly titled magazines, story papers, and newsletters published at various times and by various publishers, in the United Kingdom and the United States, from the mid-19th century to the mid-20th century, for preteen and teenage boys.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
British Hong Kong was the period during which Hong Kong was under British Crown rule, from 1841 to 1997 (excluding the Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945).
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
is a Japanese collective term for the many codes of honour and ideals that dictated the samurai way of life, loosely analogous to the concept of chivalry in Europe.
Cam Ranh Bay (Vịnh Cam Ranh) is a deep-water bay in Vietnam in the province of Khánh Hòa Province.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa, named after the Cape of Good Hope.
The Cape of Good Hope (Kaap die Goeie Hoop, Kaap de Goede Hoop, Cabo da Boa Esperança) is a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa.
The European-Asian sea route, also known as the sea route to India or the Cape Route is a shipping route from European coast of the Atlantic Ocean to Asia's coast of the Indian Ocean passing by the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Agulhas at the southern edge of Africa.
The capital ships of a navy are its most important warships; they are generally the larger ships when compared to other warships in their respective fleet.
Sir Cecil Arthur Spring Rice, (27 February 1859 – 14 February 1918) was a British diplomat who served as British Ambassador to the United States from 1912 to 1918, as which he was responsible for the organisation of British efforts to end American neutrality during the First World War.
Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.
The Chinese Eastern Railway or CER,, Dōngqīng Tiělù; Китайско-Восточная железная дорога or КВЖД, Kitaysko-Vostochnaya Zheleznaya Doroga or KVZhD), also known as the Chinese Far East Railway and North Manchuria Railway, is the historical name for a railway across Manchuria (northeastern China).
Christian von Ehrenfels (also Maria Christian Julius Leopold Freiherr von Ehrenfels; 20 June 1859 – 8 September 1932) was an Austrian philosopher, and is known as one of the founders and precursors of Gestalt psychology.
was the main ocean-going component of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
The Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) (İttihad ve Terakki Cemiyeti إتحاد و ترقى جمیعتی), later Party of Union and Progress (İttihad ve Terakki Fırkası, Birlik ve İlerleme Partisi) began as a secret society established as the "Committee of Ottoman Union" (İttihad-ı Osmanî Cemiyeti) in Istanbul on February 6, 1889 by medical students Ibrahim Temo, Mehmed Reshid, Abdullah Cevdet, İshak Sükuti, Ali Hüseyinzade, Kerim Sebatî, Mekkeli Sabri Bey, Nazım Bey, Şerafettin Mağmumi, Cevdet Osman and Giritli Şefik.
The, also known as the Tianjin Convention, was an agreement signed between the Meiji period Empire of Japan and Qing Dynasty Empire of China in Tientsin, China on 18 April 1885.
The Cornell University Library is the library system of Cornell University.
A court-martial or court martial (plural courts-martial or courts martial, as "martial" is a postpositive adjective) is a military court or a trial conducted in such a court.
Crossing the T or capping the T is a classic naval warfare tactic used from the late 19th to mid 20th centuries, in which a line of warships crosses in front of a line of enemy ships, allowing the crossing line to bring all their guns to bear while receiving fire from only the forward guns of the enemy.
A cruiser is a type of warship.
Dalian Bay, known historically as Talianwan and Talien-hwan, is a bay on the southeast side of the Liaodong Peninsula of Northeast China, open to Korea Bay in the east.
A declaration of war is a formal act by which one state goes to war against another.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
A diptych (from the Greek δίπτυχον, di "two" + ptychē "fold") is any object with two flat plates attached at a hinge.
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record.
The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Russian Baltic Fleet mistook a British trawler fleet from Kingston upon Hull in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for an Imperial Japanese Navy force and fired on them.
Donghak (lit. Eastern Learning) was an academic movement in Korean Neo-Confucianism founded in 1860 by Choe Je-u. The Donghak movement arose as a reaction to seohak (西學, "Western learning"), and called for a return to the "Way of Heaven".
Douglas Eaglesham Dunn, OBE (born 23 October 1942) is a Scottish poet, academic, and critic.
The German East Asia Squadron (Ger Kreuzergeschwader or Ostasiengeschwader) was an Imperial German Navy cruiser squadron which operated mainly in the Pacific Ocean between the mid-1890s and 1914.
Edmund Morris (born May 27, 1940) is a British-American writer best known for his biographies of United States Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Ronald Reagan.
Edward L. Stratemeyer (October 4, 1862 – May 10, 1930) was an American publisher and writer of children's fiction.
The Eight-Nation Alliance was an international military coalition set up in response to the Boxer Rebellion in China.
Embedded journalism refers to news reporters being attached to military units involved in armed conflicts.
, or, was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 29, 1912.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Empress Myeongseong or Empress Myung-Sung (19 October 1851 – 8 October 1895), known informally as Queen Min, was the first official wife of Gojong, the twenty-sixth king of Joseon and the first emperor of the Korean Empire.
An epistolary poem, also called a verse letter or letter poem, is a poem in the form of an epistle or letter.
Erast Petrovich Fandorin (Эраст Петрович Фандорин) is a fictional 19th-century Russian detective and the hero of a series of Russian historical detective novels by Boris Akunin.
The Far East is a geographical term in English that usually refers to East Asia (including Northeast Asia), the Russian Far East (part of North Asia), and Southeast Asia.
The February Revolution (p), known in Soviet historiography as the February Bourgeois Democratic Revolution, was the first of two revolutions which took place in Russia in 1917.
Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is a very senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks.
The Finnish War (Finska kriget, Финляндская война, Suomen sota) was fought between the Kingdom of Sweden and the Russian Empire from February 1808 to September 1809.
The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty of China and Empire of Japan, primarily for influence over Joseon.
The Foreign policy of the Russian Empire covers Russian foreign relations down to 1917.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Frank Thiess (13 March 1890 – 22 December 1977) was a German writer.
Frederick Sadleir Brereton CBE (5 August 1872 – 12 August 1957) was a decorated soldier and an author of children's books on heroic deeds conducted in the name of the British Empire.
The (abbreviated as) was a Japanese political and social movement for democracy in the 1880s.
Fremantle is a major Australian port city in Western Australia, located at the mouth of the Swan River.
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.
George Edwin Mowry (September 5, 1909 in Washington D.C. – May 12, 1984) was an American historian focusing primarily on the Progressive Era.
George Griffith (1857–1906), full name George Chetwynd Griffith-Jones, was a prolific British science fiction writer and noted explorer who wrote during the late Victorian and Edwardian age.
The Goldmark (officially just Mark, sign: ℳ) was the currency used in the German Empire from 1873 to 1914.
Gojong, the Emperor Gwangmu (8 September 1852 – 21 January 1919), was the twenty-sixth king of the Joseon dynasty and the first Emperor of Korea.
A gold reserve was the gold held by a national central bank, intended mainly as a guarantee to redeem promises to pay depositors, note holders (e.g. paper money), or trading peers, during the eras of the gold standard, and also as a store of value, or to support the value of the national currency.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale.
The was an imperial concept created and promulgated for occupied Asian populations during 1930–1945 by the Empire of Japan.
ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.
Gyeongbokgung, also known as Gyeongbokgung Palace or Gyeongbok Palace, was the main royal palace of the Joseon dynasty.
The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 are a series of international treaties and declarations negotiated at two international peace conferences at The Hague in the Netherlands.
Harbin is the capital of Heilongjiang province, and largest city in the northeastern region of the People's Republic of China.
Herbert Strang was the pseudonym of two English authors, George Herbert Ely (1866–1958) and Charles James L'Estrange (1867–1947).
The was a major citywide riot which erupted in Tokyo on 5 September 1905 in protest of the terms of the Treaty of Portsmouth, which ended the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905.
Under Tsar Nicholas II (reigned 1894–1917), the Russian Empire slowly industrialized while repressing opposition in the political center and on the far left.
Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.
General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, (16 January 1853 – 12 October 1947) was a senior officer in the British Army, who is most notable for commanding the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force during the Gallipoli Campaign.
Ian Hill Nish CBE (born 3 June 1926) is a British academic, a specialist in Japanese studies, and Emeritus Professor of International History at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).
Ilya Alekseevich Shatrov (April 1, 1879 (or 1885) - May 2, 1952) was a Russian military musician, conductor and composer, known for composing the waltz On the Hills of Manchuria in 1906, recounting his experiences at the Battle of Mukden during the Russo-Japanese War, which he dedicated to one of his comrades fallen at the battle.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
The Imperial Russian Navy was the navy of the Russian Empire.
Imperialism is a policy that involves a nation extending its power by the acquisition of lands by purchase, diplomacy or military force.
Incheon (formerly romanized as Inchŏn; literally "kind river"), officially the Incheon Metropolitan City (인천광역시), is a city located in northwestern South Korea, bordering Seoul and Gyeonggi to the east.
, GCMG was a Japanese politician and a prominent member of the Meiji oligarchy during the Meiji period of the Empire of Japan.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 17 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
Invasion literature (or the invasion novel) is a literary genre most notable between 1871 and the First World War (1914) but still practised to this day.
The Invasion of Sakhalin was the last land battle of the 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War.
Irkutsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, and one of the largest cities in Siberia.
Prince was a Japanese statesman and genrō.
Ivan IV Vasilyevich (pron; 25 August 1530 –), commonly known as Ivan the Terrible or Ivan the Fearsome (Ivan Grozny; a better translation into modern English would be Ivan the Formidable), was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547, then Tsar of All Rus' until his death in 1584.
Jacob Henry Schiff (born Jakob Heinrich Schiff; January 10, 1847 – September 25, 1920) was a Jewish-American banker, businessman, and philanthropist.
Klemens Wilhelm Jacob Meckel (28 March 1842 – 5 July 1905) was a general in the Prussian army and foreign advisor to the government of Meiji period Japan.
James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.
The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, also known as the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty, was made by representatives of the Empire of Japan and the Korean Empire on August 22, 1910.
refers to the ideology in the Empire of Japan that militarism should dominate the political and social life of the nation, and that the strength of the military is equal to the strength of a nation.
Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence.
Józef Mehoffer (19 March 1869 – 8 July 1946) was a Polish painter and decorative artist, one of the leading artists of the Young Poland movement and one of the most revered Polish artists of his time.
Józef Klemens Piłsudski (5 December 1867 – 12 May 1935) was a Polish statesman; he was Chief of State (1918–22), "First Marshal of Poland" (from 1920), and de facto leader (1926–35) of the Second Polish Republic as the Minister of Military Affairs.
The Jiaozhou Bay (Kiautschou Bucht) is a gulf located in Qingdao, China.
The Joseon dynasty (also transcribed as Chosŏn or Chosun, 조선; officially the Kingdom of Great Joseon, 대조선국) was a Korean dynastic kingdom that lasted for approximately five centuries.
The Journal of American Studies is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering international perspectives on the history, literature, politics and culture of the United States.
The Kamchatka Peninsula (полуо́стров Камча́тка, Poluostrov Kamchatka) is a 1,250-kilometre-long (780 mi) peninsula in the Russian Far East, with an area of about 270,000 km2 (100,000 sq mi).
was a statesman and diplomat in Meiji period Japan.
Prince was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army, politician and the longest serving Prime Minister of Japan, having served three terms.
Kirk Munroe (September 15, 1850 – June 16, 1930) was an American writer and conservationist.
Kittery is a town in York County, Maine, United States.
Viscount was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army, and government minister during Meiji period Japan.
was a statesman and diplomat in Meiji period Japan.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
Korea royal refuge at the Russian legation also called Agwan Pacheon in Korean, occurred after the First Sino-Japanese War during a period of factional confrontation within the Korean royal court.
The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula of Eurasia located in East Asia.
Kuhn, Loeb & Co. was a bulge bracket investment bank founded in 1867 by Abraham Kuhn(1819–1892) and his brother-in-law Solomon Loeb.
Count was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army.
La prose du Transsibérien et de la Petite Jehanne de France (Prose of the Trans-Siberian and of Little Jehanne of France) is a collaborative artists' book by Blaise Cendrars and Sonia Delaunay-Terk.
The law of war is a legal term of art which refers to the aspect of public international law concerning acceptable justifications to engage in war (jus ad bellum) and the limits to acceptable wartime conduct (jus in bello or international humanitarian law).
Lüshunkou District (also Lyushunkou District) is a district of Dalian, in Liaoning province, China.
Leiden (in English and archaic Dutch also Leyden) is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.
The Liaodong Peninsula is a peninsula in Liaoning Province of Northeast China, historically known in the West as Southeastern Manchuria.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
This is a chronological list of military conflicts in which Polish armed forces won or took place on Polish territory from the reign of Mieszko I (960–992) to the ongoing military operations.
Although submarines, torpedoes, torpedo boats, and steel battleships had existed for many years, the Russo-Japanese war was the first conflict to see mature forms of these weapon systems deployed in large numbers.
Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water.
The London School of Economics (officially The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as LSE) is a public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
Longman, commonly known as Pearson Longman, is a publishing company founded in London, England, in 1724 and is owned by Pearson PLC.
Theodore Lothrop Stoddard (June 29, 1883 – May 1, 1950) was an American historian, journalist, eugenicist, Klansman, political theorist and racial theorist.
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
Manchuria is a name first used in the 17th century by Chinese people to refer to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.
Manchuria under Qing rule was the rule of the Qing dynasty over Manchuria, including today's Northeast China and Outer Manchuria.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Maurice Rouvier (17 April 1842 – 7 June 1911) was a French statesman of the "Opportunist" faction, who served as the Prime Minister of France.
The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.
Modern history, the modern period or the modern era, is the linear, global, historiographical approach to the time frame after post-classical history.
Lieutenant-General, known by his pen name Mori Ōgai, was a Japanese Army Surgeon general officer, translator, novelist, poet and father of famed author Mari Mori.
The Mukden Incident, or Manchurian Incident, was a staged event engineered by Japanese military personnel as a pretext for the Japanese invasion in 1931 of northeastern China, known as Manchuria.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Nautical fiction, frequently also naval fiction, sea fiction, naval adventure fiction or maritime fiction, is a genre of literature with a setting on or near the sea, that focuses on the human relationship to the sea and sea voyages and highlights nautical culture in these environments.
The Naval War College Review is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by the United States Navy's Naval War College.
Naval warfare is combat in and on the sea, the ocean, or any other battlespace involving major body of water such as a large lake or wide river.
Nicholas II or Nikolai II (r; 1868 – 17 July 1918), known as Saint Nicholas II of Russia in the Russian Orthodox Church, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917.
Niko Pirosmani (ნიკო ფიროსმანი), simply referred to as Nikala (ნიკალა) (1862–1918), was a Georgian primitivist painter who posthumously rose to prominence.
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (a; Russia was using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style. Dates in the article are taken verbatim from the source and are in the same style as the source from which they come.) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.
Nikolay Semyonovich Samokish (Николай Семёнович Самокиш; translit.: Nikolay Semyonovich Samokish; 25 October 1860, Nezhin, Government of Chernigov, Russian Empire - 18 January 1944, Simferopol, Russian SFSR, USSR) was a Russian and Soviet painter and illustrator of Cossack descent who specialized in military art and animal painting.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
Count, also known as Kiten, Count Nogi (25 December 1849 – 13 September 1912), was a Japanese general in the Imperial Japanese Army and a governor-general of Taiwan.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
Nosy Be (also Nossi-bé and Nosse Be) is an island off the northwest coast of Madagascar.
The October Manifesto (Октябрьский манифест, Манифест 17 октября), officially The Manifesto on the Improvement of the State Order (Манифест об усовершенствовании государственного порядка), is a document that served as a precursor to the Russian Empire's first constitution, which would be adopted the next year.
The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.
An offensive is a military operation that seeks through aggressive projection of armed force to occupy territory, gain an objective or achieve some larger strategic, operational, or tactical goal.
"On the Hills of Manchuria" (Na sopkah Manchzhurii|) is a haunting waltz composed in 1906 by Ilya Alekseevich Shatrov.
Oskar Ferdinand Casimir, Friherre Gripenberg (Оскар-Фердинанд Казимирович Гриппенберг, Oskar-Ferdinand Kazimirovich Grippenberg; 13 January 1838 – 7 January 1916) was commanding general of the Russian Second Manchurian Army during the Russo-Japanese War.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to war: War – organised and often prolonged armed conflict that is carried out by states and/or non-state actors – is characterised by extreme violence, social disruption, and economic destruction.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Pacific Fleet (Тихоокеанский флот, translit: Tikhookeanskiy flot) is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Pacific Ocean.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
The Panchen Lama is a tulku of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism.
The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
The Portsmouth Naval Shipyard (PNS), often called the Portsmouth Navy Yard, is a United States Navy shipyard located in Kittery on the southern boundary of Maine near the city of Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
Portsmouth is a city in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, in the United States.
Pre-dreadnought battleships were sea-going battleships built between the mid- to late 1880s and 1905, before the launch of.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Qajar dynasty (سلسله قاجار; also Romanised as Ghajar, Kadjar, Qachar etc.; script Qacarlar) was an IranianAbbas Amanat, The Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831–1896, I. B. Tauris, pp 2–3 royal dynasty of Turkic origin,Cyrus Ghani.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Reilly, Ace of Spies is a 1983 television miniseries dramatizing the life of Sidney Reilly, a Russian Jew who became one of the greatest spies ever to work for the British.
The Revolution in the Kingdom of Poland (1905–1907), also known as the Polish Revolution of 1905, was a major part of the Russian Revolution of 1905 in Russian-partitioned Poland (see Congress Poland and Privislinsky Krai).
Baron Roman Romanovich Rosen (Роман Романович Розен) (February 24, 1847 – December 31, 1921) was a diplomat in the service of the Russian Empire.
Rosa Luxemburg (Róża Luksemburg; also Rozalia Luxenburg; 5 March 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a Polish Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist, anti-war activist, and revolutionary socialist who became a naturalized German citizen at the age of 28.
Rotem Kowner (רותם קובנר; born 11 July 1960 in Mikhmoret) is an Israeli historian and psychologist specializing in the history of modern Japan, and a full professor in the Department of Asian Studies at the University of Haifa.
Oryol (Орёл) was a built for the Russian Imperial Navy in the first decade of the 20th century.
Petropavlovsk (Петропавловск) was the lead ship of her class of three pre-dreadnought battleships built for the Imperial Russian Navy during the last decade of the 19th century.
Pobeda (lit) was the last of the three pre-dreadnought battleships built for the Imperial Russian Navy at the end of the nineteenth century.
Retvizan (Ретвизан) was a pre-dreadnought battleship built before the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05 for the Imperial Russian Navy.
Tsesarevich (Цесаревич) was a pre-dreadnought battleship of the Imperial Russian Navy, built in France at the end of the 19th century.
Pallada was the lead ship in the of protected cruisers in the Imperial Russian Navy.
Varyag (also spelled Variag; see Varangian for the meaning of the name) (кре́йсер «Варя́г») was a Russian protected cruiser.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Korietz (Кореец, Koreyets; literally meaning "Korean person") was a gunboat in Russian Imperial Navy.
The Russian invasion of Manchuria occurred in the aftermath of the First Sino-Japanese War (1894–5) when concerns regarding China's defeat by the Japanese and the latter's occupation of Manchuria caused the Russians to speed up their long held designs for imperial expansion across Eurasia.
The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
At least five ships of the Imperial Russian Navy have been named Retvizan after the Swedish ship of the line Rättvisan (meaning The Justice) which was captured by the Russians at the Battle of Vyborg Bay in 1790.
, born, was a Japanese author best known for his novels about historical events in Japan and on the Northeast Asian sub-continent, as well as his historical and cultural essays pertaining to Japan and its relationship to the rest of the world.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
, or "Clouds Above the Hill" is a Japanese historical novel by Shiba Ryōtarō originally published serially from 1968 to 1972 in eight volumes.
(lit. “Clouds Above The Slope”) is an NHK 21st Century special drama which was aired over three years starting from November 29, 2009.
Sakhalin (Сахалин), previously also known as Kuye Dao (Traditional Chinese:庫頁島, Simplified Chinese:库页岛) in Chinese and in Japanese, is a large Russian island in the North Pacific Ocean, lying between 45°50' and 54°24' N.
Seavey's Island, site of the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, is located in the Piscataqua River in Kittery, Maine, opposite Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
The Second Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea is one of the four treaties of the Geneva Conventions.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
The Seikanron (Japanese: 征韓論; 정한론; "Advocacy of a punitive expedition to Korea") debate was a major political debate in Japan during 1873 regarding a punitive expedition against Korea.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Count Sergei Yulyevich Witte (translit), also known as Sergius Witte, was a highly influential econometrician, minister, and prime minister in Imperial Russia, one of the key figures in the political arena at the end of 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century.
Shenyang, formerly known by its Manchu name Mukden or Fengtian, is the provincial capital and the largest city of Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China, as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.
was a Japanese diplomat.
was a Japanese author, journalist and editor, best known as a pioneer of science fiction.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
Sidney George Reilly MC (– 5 November 1925), commonly known as the "Ace of Spies," was a Russian-born adventurer and secret agent employed by Scotland Yard's Special Branch and later by the British Secret Service Bureau, the precursor to the modern British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6/SIS).
The Siege of Port Arthur (旅順攻囲戦, Ryojun Kōisen; Оборона Порт-Артура, Oborona Port-Artura, August 1, 1904 – January 2, 1905), the deep-water port and Russian naval base at the tip of the Liaodong Peninsula in Manchuria, was the longest and most violent land battle of the Russo-Japanese War.
The Siege of Tsingtao, sometimes Siege of Tsingtau, was the attack on the German port of Tsingtao (Qingdao) in China during World War I by Japan and the United Kingdom.
Simon's Town (Simonstad), sometimes spelled Simonstown, is a town near Cape Town, which is home to the South African Navy.
The Singapore Strait (Malay: Selat Singapura) is a 105-kilometer long, 16-kilometer wide strait between the Strait of Malacca in the west and the Karimata Strait in the east.
Social Science Japan Journal (SSJJ) is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal covering Japan in social scientific perspective, semiannually published by Oxford University Press.
A sortie (from the French word meaning ''exit'') is a deployment or dispatch of one military unit, be it an aircraft, ship, or troops, from a strongpoint.
In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside the borders of the state that controls it.
Springer Publishing is an American publishing company of academic journals and books, focusing on the fields of nursing, gerontology, psychology, social work, counseling, public health, and rehabilitation (neuropsychology).
SS Haimun was a Chinese steamer ship commanded by war correspondent Lionel James in 1904 during the Russo-Japanese War for The Times of London.
Stepan Osipovich Makarov (Степа́н О́сипович Мака́ров; –) was a Russian vice-admiral, a highly accomplished and decorated commander of the Imperial Russian Navy, an oceanographer, awarded by the Russian Academy of Sciences, and author of several books.
Stepan Skitalets (Степа́н Скита́лец), (November 9, 1869 – June 25, 1941), was the pen-name of Stepan Gavrilovich Petrov, a Russian/Soviet poet, writer of fiction and folk musician.
Suing for peace is an act by a warring nation to initiate a peace process.
Sven Anders Hedin, KNO1kl RVO,Wennerholm, Eric (1978) Sven Hedin - En biografi, Bonniers, Stockholm (19 February 1865 – 26 November 1952) was a Swedish geographer, topographer, explorer, photographer, travel writer, and illustrator of his own works.
Tael (at the OED Online.) or tahil can refer to any one of several weight measures of the Far East.
Marshal-Admiral The Marquis Tōgō Heihachirō, OM, GCVO (東郷 平八郎; 27 January 184830 May 1934), was a gensui or admiral of the fleet in the Imperial Japanese Navy and one of Japan's greatest naval heroes.
The American Mercury was an American magazine published from 1924 to 1981.
The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.
The Diamond Chariot (Алмазная Колесница, the Russian term for the "Diamond Vehicle" (kongōjō) school of Tantric Buddhism) is a historical mystery novel by internationally acclaimed Russian detective story writer Boris Akunin, published originally in 2003.
The Golden Cockerel (Золотой петушок, Zolotoy petushok) is an opera in three acts, with short prologue and even shorter epilogue, composed by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.
The Russian Review is a major independent peer-reviewed multi-disciplinary academic journal devoted to the history, literature, culture, fine arts, cinema, society, and politics of the Russian Federation, former Soviet Union and former Russian Empire.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Theodore Rex (2001) is a biography of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt written by author Edmund Morris.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
was a Japanese actor who appeared in almost 170 feature films.
Total war is warfare that includes any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure as legitimate military targets, mobilizes all of the resources of society to fight the war, and gives priority to warfare over non-combatant needs.
The Trans-Siberian Railway (TSR, p) is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East.
The Treaty of Portsmouth formally ended the 1904–05 Russo-Japanese War.
The was a treaty signed at the Shunpanrō hotel, Shimonoseki, Japan on 17 April 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War.
Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
The was a diplomatic intervention by Russia, Germany, and France on 23 April 1895 over the terms of the Treaty of Shimonoseki signed between Japan and Qing Dynasty China that ended the First Sino-Japanese War.
A triptych (from the Greek adjective τρίπτυχον "triptukhon" ("three-fold"), from tri, i.e., "three" and ptysso, i.e., "to fold" or ptyx, i.e., "fold") is a work of art (usually a panel painting) that is divided into three sections, or three carved panels that are hinged together and can be folded shut or displayed open.
The Tsushima incident occurred in 1861 when the Russians attempted to establish a year-round anchorage on the coast of the island of Tsushima, a Japanese territory located between Kyushu and Korea.
or Eastern Channel is a channel of the Korea Strait, which lies between Korea and Japan, connecting the Sea of Japan (East Sea), the Yellow Sea (West Sea), and the East China Sea.
Tunnel warfare is a general name for war being conducted in tunnels and other underground cavities.
Ukiyo-e is a genre of Japanese art which flourished from the 17th through 19th centuries.
Ulysses is a modernist novel by Irish writer James Joyce.
The United States Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC or, obsolete, USACGSC) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, is a graduate school for United States Army and sister service officers, interagency representatives, and international military officers.
The United States Naval Institute (USNI), based in Annapolis, Maryland, is a private, non-profit, professional military association that seeks to offer independent, nonpartisan forums for debate of national defense and security issues.
The USSR State Prize (Госуда́рственная пре́мия СССР, Gosudarstvennaya premiya SSSR) was the Soviet Union's state honor.
Valentin Savvich Pikul (Валенти́н Са́ввич Пи́куль) (July 13, 1928 – July 16, 1990) was a popular and prolific Soviet historical novelist of Ukrainian-Russian heritage.
Vasily Vasilyevich Vereshchagin (Васи́лий Васи́льевич Вереща́гин, October 26, 1842April 13, 1904), was one of the most famous Russian war artists and one of the first Russian artists to be widely recognised abroad.
Visualizing Cultures is a website at MIT intended to wed "images and scholarly commentary in innovative ways to illuminate social and cultural history.". the site was founded in 2002 by Professors John W. Dower of the History Faculty and Shigeru Miyagawa of Foreign Languages and Literatures, and is affiliated with the MIT open courseware project, an MIT project initiated in 2001 intended to make materials from MIT courses available freely online.
Vladivostok (p, literally ruler of the east) is a city and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located around the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia's borders with China and North Korea.
William Edward Burghardt "W.
A war correspondent is a journalist who covers stories firsthand from a war zone.
Weihai, formerly called Weihaiwei (Weihai Guard), is a city in eastern Shandong province, China.
Weltpolitik ("world politics") was the imperialist foreign policy adopted by the German Empire during the reign of Emperor Wilhelm II from 1890 onwards.
Western imperialism in Asia as presented in this article pertains to Western European entry into what was first called the East Indies.
WikiArt (formerly known as WikiPaintings) is an online, user-editable visual art encyclopedia.
Wilgelm Karlovich Vitgeft (Вильгельм Карлович Витгефт) (October 14, 1847 – August 10, 1904), sometimes written Wilhelm and Withöft was an admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy, noted for his service in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905.
Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern; 27 January 18594 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
Field Marshal William Gustavus Nicholson, 1st Baron Nicholson, (2 March 1845 – 13 September 1918) was a British Army officer who served in the Second Anglo-Afghan War, the Mahdist War, the Third Anglo-Burmese War, the Second Boer War and the First World War.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The Yalu River, also called the Amrok River or Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea and China.
Prince, also known as Yamagata Kyōsuke, was a Japanese field marshal in the Imperial Japanese Army and twice Prime Minister of Japan.
was a Japanese diplomat in Meiji period Japan.
The Yellow Peril (also Yellow Terror and Yellow Spectre) is a racist color-metaphor that is integral to the xenophobic theory of colonialism: that the peoples of East Asia are a danger to the Western world.
The Yellow Sea or West Sea is located between China and Korea.
Yevgeni Ivanovich Alekseyev or Alexeyev (Евге́ний Ива́нович Алексе́ев (– May 27, 1917) was an admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy, viceroy of the Russian Far East, and commander-in-chief of Imperial Russian forces at Port Arthur and in Manchuria during the first year of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05.
(7 December 1878 – 29 May 1942) was the pen-name of a Japanese author, poet, pioneering feminist, pacifist, and social reformer, active in the late Meiji period as well as the Taishō and early Shōwa periods of Japan.
Yuan Shikai (16 September 1859 – 6 June 1916) was a Chinese warlord, famous for his influence during the late Qing dynasty, his role in the events leading up to the abdication of the last Qing Emperor, his autocratic rule as the first formal President of the Republic of China, and his short-lived attempt to restore monarchy in China, with himself as the Hongxian Emperor.
Zhang Zuolin (19 March 1875Xiao, Lin, and Li 1184 June 1928) was the warlord of Manchuria from 1916–28, during the Warlord Era in China.
Zinovy Petrovich Rozhestvensky (Зиновий Петрович Рожественский) (– January 14, 1909) was an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.
The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the government.
The 39th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 39 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
1905 Russia–Japan war, 1905 Russo-Japanese War, 1905 Russo-Japanese war, Japanese Russo War, Japanese-Russo War, Russia-Japan War, Russia-Japan war, Russian-Japan War, Russian-Japan war, Russian-Japanese War, Russian-Japanese war, Russian-Japanese war of 1904-1905, Russo Japanese War, Russo-Japan War, Russo-Japan war, Russo-Japanese war, Russo-japanese war, Russo–Japanese War, Sino-Russian War, The Russo-Japanese War.