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Ryukyu Islands

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The, also known as the or the, are a chain of islands annexed by Japan that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands (further divided into the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands), with Yonaguni the southernmost. [1]

273 relations: Achalinus werneri, Agriculture, Aguni Island, Aka Island, Akusekijima, Amami Ōshima, Amami Islands, Amami rabbit, Amami woodcock, Amami woodpecker, Amphibian, Anderson's crocodile newt, Animism, Army Map Service, Ata Tadakage, Azuma Kagami, Ōshima District, Kagoshima, Ōshima Subprefecture (Kagoshima), Ōsumi Islands, Ōsumi Province, Beauty rat snake, Biogeographic realm, Black-banded sea krait, Book of Sui, Buddhism, Chūson-ji, Chikama Tokiie, China, Chinese box turtle, Chinese folk religion, Chiran, Kagoshima, Circa, Confucianism, Coral island, Coral reef, Council on Foreign Relations, Daijisen, Daitō Islands, Dazaifu (government), Dvaravati, East China Sea, Ecoregion, Edo period, Elaphe carinata, Emishi, Emperor of China, Enchin, Encyclopædia Britannica, Endemism, Engishiki, ..., Eutrophication, First Sino-Japanese War, Fishing, Foreign Affairs, Fujiwara no Naritsune, Fujiwara no Yorimichi, Gackt, Gajajima, Genius loci, Geography of Taiwan, Geruma Island, Global 200, Google Books, Government of Meiji Japan, Government of the Ryukyu Islands, Gunpowder, Hachijō language, Hallowell's tree frog, Han dynasty, Han system, Harvard University Press, Hateruma, Hatoma, Hayashi Shihei, Hayato people, Hōen, Hōjō clan, High island, Hiki Yoshikazu, History of the Ryukyu Islands, Holst's frog, Human cannibalism, Humid subtropical climate, Hyūga Province, Hydrophis ornatus, Iōjima (Kagoshima), Iejima, Ikema Island, Indomalayan realm, International Hydrographic Organization, Invasion of Ryukyu, Iriomote cat, Iriomote Island, Ishigaki Island, Ishikawa's frog, Izena Island, Izu Islands, Izu thrush, Japan Coast Guard, Japanese language, Japanese missions to Tang China, Japanese nationality law, Japanese paradise flycatcher, Japanese people, Jōkyū War, Jianzhen, Jitō, Julius Klaproth, Junk (ship), Kagoshima, Kagoshima dialect, Kagoshima District, Kagoshima, Kagoshima Prefecture, Kakeromajima, Kampira Falls frog, Kamui ware, Köppen climate classification, Kerama Islands, Kikai Caldera, Kikaijima, Kirishima-Yaku National Park, Kishinoue's giant skink, Kitadaitōjima, Kodakarajima, Kohama Island, Kuchinoerabu-jima, Kuchinoshima, Kujō Yoritsune, Kumage District, Kagoshima, Kumage Subprefecture, Kume Island, Kunigami language, Kunio Yanagita, Kuroiwa's ground gecko, Kuroshima (Okinawa), Kyushu, Lidth's jay, Limnonectes namiyei, Liuqiu, Livistona chinensis, Luoyang, Lycodon rufozonatus, Mageshima, Map of Japan (Kanazawa Bunko), Matthew C. Perry, Meiji period, Minamidaitōjima, Minamoto no Yoritomo, Minna Island (Tarama, Okinawa), Miyako Islands, Miyako Strait, Miyako-jima, Naha, Nakanoshima (Kagoshima), Namie Amuro, Nanpō Islands, Narcissus flycatcher, National Archives of Japan, New Book of Tang, Nihon Shoki, Okidaitōjima, Okinawa Island, Okinawa Islands, Okinawa Prefecture, Okinawa rail, Okinawa Trough, Okinawa woodpecker, Okinawan Japanese, Okinawan language, Okinoerabujima, Orange Range, Otton frog, Ovophis okinavensis, Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, Philippine Sea, Philippines, Precipitation, Prefectures of Japan, Protobothrops flavoviridis, Qin dynasty, Qin Shi Huang, Religion in China, Roman Catholic Diocese of Naha, Ryūkyū scops owl, Ryukyu arc, Ryukyu black-breasted leaf turtle, Ryukyu flying fox, Ryukyu independence movement, Ryukyu Inu, Ryukyu Kingdom, Ryukyu kingfisher, Ryukyu long-tailed giant rat, Ryukyu minivet, Ryukyu mouse, Ryukyu robin, Ryukyu shrew, Ryukyu tip-nosed frog, Ryukyu wood pigeon, Ryukyuan languages, Ryukyuan music, Ryukyuan people, Sakishima Islands, Samurai, Sangoku Tsūran Zusetsu, Satsuma Domain, Satsuma Province, Satsunan Islands, Sedimentation, Sengoku period, Senkaku Islands, Senkaku Islands dispute, Sesshō and Kampaku, Shō Nei, Shō Toku, Shōgun, Shimazu clan, Shimazu Tadahisa, Shimazu Tadatsune, Shimazu Tadayoshi, Shimoji-shima, Shinsarugakuki, Shinto, Shishigatani incident, Shoku Nihongi, Shugo, Shunkan, Southeast Asia, Speed (Japanese band), Sulfur, Suwanosejima, Suzerainty, Sword-tail newt, Tairajima, Taiwan, Takarajima, Taketomi Island, Tane Province, Tanegashima, Tanegashima (gun), Tanegashima clan, Tanegashima Space Center, Taoism, Tarama, Okinawa, The New York Times, The Tale of the Heike, Tokara Islands, Tokashiki Island, Tokunoshima, Tokusō, Tokyo, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Treaty of San Francisco, Treaty of Shimonoseki, Trimeresurus elegans, Trimeresurus tokarensis, Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, Tropical rainforest climate, Turbo marmoratus, Typhoon, United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands, United States Military Government of the Ryukyu Islands, University of the Ryukyus, Veneration of the dead, World Heritage site, World Wide Fund for Nature, Yaeyama Islands, Yakushima, Yamato people, Yellow pond turtle, Yonaguni, Yoronjima, Yoroshima, Zamami Island. Expand index (223 more) »

Achalinus werneri

Achalinus werneri (common names: Amami odd-scaled snake, Amami Takachiho snake) is a species of snake in the family Xenodermatidae.

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Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Aguni Island

is an island in Japan, which is part of the Okinawa Islands and administratively in the Okinawa Prefecture.

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Aka Island

is an island in the Pacific Ocean and is part of the Kerama Islands group in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Akusekijima

, is one of the Tokara Islands, a sub-group of the Satsunan Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Amami Ōshima

is one of the Satsunan Islands, and is the largest island within the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa.

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Amami Islands

The The name Amami-guntō was standardized on February 15, 2010.

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Amami rabbit

The Amami rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi), or, also known as the Ryukyu rabbit, is a primitive, dark-furred rabbit which is only found in Amami Ōshima and Toku-no-Shima, two small islands between southern Kyūshū and Okinawa in Kagoshima Prefecture (but actually closer to Okinawa) in Japan. Often called a living fossil, the Amami rabbit is a living remnant of ancient rabbits that once lived on the Asian mainland, where they died out, remaining only on the two small Japanese islands where they live today.

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Amami woodcock

The Amami woodcock (Scolopax mira) is a medium-sized wader.

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Amami woodpecker

The Amami woodpecker (Dendrocopos owstoni) is a bird in the family Picidae found only on Amami Ōshima in the Ryukyu Islands south of Japan.

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Amphibian

Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.

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Anderson's crocodile newt

Anderson's crocodile newt, Anderson's newt, Ryukyu spiny newt, or Japanese warty newt (Echinotriton andersoni) is a species of salamander in the Salamandridae family found in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan, and, at least formerly, Mount Guanyin in northern Taiwan, where it is now believed to be extinct.

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Animism

Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.

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Army Map Service

The Army Map Service of the US Army Corps of Engineers, was the premier map making agency of the US Department of Defense from 1941–68.

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Ata Tadakage

, also known as, was a de facto ruler of Satsuma Province during the late Heian period of Japan.

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Azuma Kagami

is a Japanese historical chronicle.

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Ōshima District, Kagoshima

is a district located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Ōshima Subprefecture (Kagoshima)

is a subprefecture of Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Ōsumi Islands

The is an archipelago in the Nansei Islands, and are the northernmost group of the Satsunan Islands, which is in turn part of the Ryukyu Archipelago.

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Ōsumi Province

was an old province of Japan in the area that is today the eastern part of Kagoshima Prefecture.

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Beauty rat snake

The beauty rat snake (Orthriophis taeniurus), also called the beauty ratsnake, the beauty snake, or the cave racer, is a species of snake in the family Colubridae.

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Biogeographic realm

A biogeographic realm or ecozone is the broadest biogeographic division of the Earth's land surface, based on distributional patterns of terrestrial organisms.

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Black-banded sea krait

The black-banded sea krait, or Chinese sea snake (Laticauda semifasciata), known in Japan as erabu umi hebi (ja:エラブウミヘビ), and Okinawa as the irabu, is a member of the Laticauda genus of sea snakes.

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Book of Sui

The Book of Sui (Suí Shū) is the official history of the Sui dynasty.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Chūson-ji

is a Buddhist temple in the town of Hiraizumi in southern Iwate Prefecture, Japan.

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Chikama Tokiie

was a gokenin and simultaneously a retainer of the Hōjō clan of the Kamakura shogunate in Japan.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chinese box turtle

The Chinese box turtle, also known as the Yellow-margined box turtle, or Golden-headed turtle, is a species of Asian box turtle.

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Chinese folk religion

Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of the Han people, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers as well as spirits and gods.

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Chiran, Kagoshima

was a town located in Kawanabe District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Circa

Circa, usually abbreviated c., ca. or ca (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date.

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Confucianism

Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.

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Coral island

A coral island is a type of island formed from coral detritus and associated organic material.

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Coral reef

Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.

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Council on Foreign Relations

The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), founded in 1921, is a United States nonprofit think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs.

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Daijisen

The is a general-purpose Japanese dictionary published by Shogakukan in 1995 and 1998.

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Daitō Islands

The are an archipelago consisting of three isolated coral islands in the Philippine Sea southeast of Okinawa.

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Dazaifu (government)

The is a Japanese term for the regional government in Kyushu from the 8th to the 12th centuries.

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Dvaravati

The Dvaravati (ทวารวดี); (ទ្វារវត្តី - Tvearvottey) period lasted from around the 6th to the 11th century.

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East China Sea

The East China Sea is a marginal sea east of China.

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Ecoregion

An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.

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Edo period

The or is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō.

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Elaphe carinata

Elaphe carinata, the king ratsnake (also known as Taiwan stink snake), is a species of Colubrid snake found in Southeast Asia and East Asia.

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Emishi

The constituted an ethnic group of people who lived in northeastern Honshū in the Tōhoku region which was referred to as in contemporary sources.

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Emperor of China

The Emperor or Huangdi was the secular imperial title of the Chinese sovereign reigning between the founding of the Qin dynasty that unified China in 221 BC, until the abdication of Puyi in 1912 following the Xinhai Revolution and the establishment of the Republic of China, although it was later restored twice in two failed revolutions in 1916 and 1917.

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Enchin

(814–891) was a Japanese Buddhist monk who founded of the Jimon school of Tendai Buddhism and Chief Abbot of Mii-dera at the foot of Mount Hiei.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Endemism

Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

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Engishiki

The is a Japanese book about laws and customs.

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Eutrophication

Eutrophication (from Greek eutrophos, "well-nourished"), or hypertrophication, is when a body of water becomes overly enriched with minerals and nutrients that induce excessive growth of plants and algae.

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First Sino-Japanese War

The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty of China and Empire of Japan, primarily for influence over Joseon.

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Fishing

Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.

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Foreign Affairs

Foreign Affairs is an American magazine of international relations and U.S. foreign policy published by the Council on Foreign Relations, a nonprofit, nonpartisan, membership organization and think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs.

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Fujiwara no Naritsune

was a Japanese courtier of the Heian period who, after plotting against the Taira clan, was exiled along with his father, Fujiwara no Narichika, and a number of other co-conspirators to Kikai-ga-shima.

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Fujiwara no Yorimichi

(992–1074), son of Michinaga, was a Japanese Court noble.

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Gackt

, better known by his mononymous stage name Gackt, is a Japanese musician, singer, songwriter, record producer and actor. He has been active since 1993, first as the frontman of the short-lived independent band Cains:Feel, and then for the now defunct visual kei rock band Malice Mizer, before starting his solo career in 1999. He has released nine studio albums and, with forty-eight singles released, holds the male soloist record for most top ten consecutive singles in Japanese music history. His single "Returner (Yami no Shūen)", released on June 20, 2007, was his first single to reach the number one spot on the Oricon charts. Besides being established in the modern entertainment industry, Gackt's music has been used as theme songs for video games (Dirge of Cerberus: Final Fantasy VII), anime films (Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam#Compilation movies) and television series. In addition to his music career Gackt has acted in a few films, including a film he wrote, Moon Child, and his international debut Bunraku, and TV series such as the NHK drama Fūrin Kazan. He also performed live in theatre stage plays, one of which was written, composed and directed by him: Moon Saga - Mysteries of Yoshitsune I&II. He also provided the voice samples for Internet Co., Ltd.'s first Vocaloid, Gackpoid.

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Gajajima

, is an abandoned island in the Tokara Islands, a sub-group of the Satsunan Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Genius loci

In classical Roman religion, a genius loci (plural genii loci) was the protective spirit of a place.

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Geography of Taiwan

Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is an island in East Asia; located some off the southeastern coast of mainland China across the Taiwan Strait.

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Geruma Island

is an island in the Pacific Ocean.

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Global 200

The Global 200 is the list of ecoregions identified by WWF, the global conservation organization, as priorities for conservation.

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Google Books

Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its codename Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.

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Government of Meiji Japan

The was the government that was formed by politicians of the Satsuma Domain and Chōshū Domain in the 1860s.

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Government of the Ryukyu Islands

The was the self-government of native Okinawans during the American occupation of Okinawa.

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Gunpowder

Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.

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Hachijō language

The small group of Hachijō or Hachijōjima dialects are the most divergent form of Japanese.

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Hallowell's tree frog

Hallowell's tree frog (Hyla hallowellii) is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to Japan.

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Han dynasty

The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.

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Han system

The or domain is the Japanese historical term for the estate of a warrior after the 12th century or of a daimyō in the Edo period (1603–1868) and early Meiji period (1868–1912).

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Harvard University Press

Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.

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Hateruma

Hateruma (波照間島; Hateruma-jima; Yaeyama: Hatirooma Okinawan: Hatiruma) is an island in the Yaeyama District of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Hatoma

Hatoma (鳩間島, Hatoma-jima Yaeyama and Okinawan: Hatuma) is a small island of the Yaeyama Islands, barely 1 kilometer in diameter.

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Hayashi Shihei

was a Japanese military scholar and a retainer of the Sendai Domain.

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Hayato people

The, which is Japanese for "falcon-people", were a people of ancient Japan who lived in the Satsuma and Ōsumi regions of southern Kyushu until at least the Nara period.

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Hōen

was a after Chōshō and before Eiji. This period spanned the years from September 1135 through July 1141.

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Hōjō clan

The in the history of Japan was a family who controlled the hereditary title of shikken (regent) of the Kamakura shogunate between 1203 and 1333.

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High island

In geology (and sometimes in archaeology), a high island or volcanic island is an island of volcanic origin.

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Hiki Yoshikazu

was a Japanese warrior-noble of the Kamakura period related to the ruling Minamoto clan through his daughter's marriage.

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History of the Ryukyu Islands

This article is about the history of the Ryukyu Islands southwest of the main islands of Japan.

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Holst's frog

Holst's frog (Babina holsti) is a species of frog in the Ranidae family.

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Human cannibalism

Human cannibalism is the act or practice of humans eating the flesh or internal organs of other human beings.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.

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Hyūga Province

was an old province of Japan on the east coast of Kyūshū, corresponding to the modern Miyazaki Prefecture.

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Hydrophis ornatus

Hydrophis ornatus, commonly known as the ornate reef sea snake, is a species of venomous sea snake in the family Elapidae.

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Iōjima (Kagoshima)

, also known as or, is one of the Satsunan Islands, usually classed with the Ōsumi Islands, belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Iejima

, previously romanized in English as Ie Shima, is an island in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, lying a few kilometers off the Motobu Peninsula on Okinawa Island.

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Ikema Island

, is located to the north of the Miyako Island in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Indomalayan realm

The Indomalayan realm is one of the eight biogeographic realms.

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International Hydrographic Organization

The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) is the inter-governmental organisation representing hydrography.

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Invasion of Ryukyu

The by forces of the Japanese feudal domain of Satsuma took place from March to May 1609, and marked the beginning of the Ryukyu Kingdom's status as a vassal state under Satsuma.

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Iriomote cat

The Iriomote cat (Prionailurus bengalensis iriomotensis) is a subspecies of the leopard cat that lives exclusively on the Japanese island of Iriomote.

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Iriomote Island

is the largest of the Yaeyama Islands and the second largest in Okinawa Prefecture after Okinawa Island itself.

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Ishigaki Island

, also known as Ishigakijima, is a Japanese island west of Okinawa Hontō and the second-largest island of the Yaeyama Island group.

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Ishikawa's frog

Ishikawa's frog (Odorrana ishikawae) is a species of frog in the Ranidae family that is endemic to the Ryukyu Islands of Japan.

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Izena Island

is located in the East China Sea, north-west of Okinawa Island, in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan.

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Izu Islands

The are a group of volcanic islands stretching south and east from the Izu Peninsula of Honshū, Japan.

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Izu thrush

The Izu thrush or Izu Islands thrush (Turdus celaenops) is a thrush native to the Izu and Ryukyu Islands of Japan, in particular, Hachijojima, Mikurajima, and Miyakejima in the former chain, and Yakushima and the Tokara Islands in the latter.

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Japan Coast Guard

The, formerly the Maritime Safety Agency, is the Japanese coast guard.

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Japanese language

is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

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Japanese missions to Tang China

Japanese missions to Tang China (遣唐使, Kentōshi) represent Japanese efforts to learn from the Chinese culture and civilization in the 7th, 8th and 9th centuries.

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Japanese nationality law

Japanese nationality is a legal designation and set of rights granted to those people who have met the criteria for citizenship by parentage or by naturalization.

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Japanese paradise flycatcher

The Japanese paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocaudata), also called the black paradise flycatcher, is a medium-sized passerine bird native to southeastern Asia.

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Japanese people

are a nation and an ethnic group that is native to Japan and makes up 98.5% of the total population of that country.

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Jōkyū War

, also known as the Jōkyū Disturbance or the Jōkyū Rebellion, was fought in Japan between the forces of Retired Emperor Go-Toba and those of the Hōjō clan, regents of the Kamakura shogunate, whom the retired emperor was trying to overthrow.

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Jianzhen

Jianzhen (688–763), or Ganjin in Japanese, was a Chinese monk who helped to propagate Buddhism in Japan.

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Jitō

were medieval land stewards in Japan, especially in the Kamakura and Muromachi shogunates.

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Julius Klaproth

Julius Heinrich Klaproth (11 October 1783 – 28 August 1835) was a German linguist, historian, ethnographer, author, orientalist and explorer.

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Junk (ship)

Junk is a type of ancient Chinese sailing ship that is still in use today.

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Kagoshima

is the capital city of Kagoshima Prefecture at the south western tip of the island of Kyushu in Japan, and the largest city in the prefecture by some margin.

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Kagoshima dialect

The, often referred to as the, is a group of dialects or dialect continuum of the Japanese language spoken mainly within the area of the former Ōsumi and Satsuma provinces now incorporated into the southwestern prefecture of Kagoshima.

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Kagoshima District, Kagoshima

is a district located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Kagoshima Prefecture

is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu.

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Kakeromajima

or Kakeroma-tō is one of the Satsunan Islands, classed with the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa.

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Kampira Falls frog

The Kampira Falls frog, Yaeyama harpist frog, or harpist brown frog (Rana okinavana) is a species in the true frog family (Ranidae).

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Kamui ware

, from Tokunoshima kamïyaki, is grey stoneware produced in Tokunoshima, the Amami Islands, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan from the 11th century to the early 14th century, or from the late Heian period to the Kamakura period.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kerama Islands

The are a group of 22 islands located southwest of Okinawa Island in Japan.

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Kikai Caldera

is a massive, mostly submerged caldera up to in diameter in the Ōsumi Islands of Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Kikaijima

is one of the Satsunan Islands, classed with the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa.

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Kirishima-Yaku National Park

is a national park in Kyūshū, Japan.

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Kishinoue's giant skink

Kishinoue's giant skink (Plestiodon kishinouyei) is a species of skink in the Scincidae family found only in Japan.

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Kitadaitōjima

, also spelled as Kita Daitō, Kita-Daitō-shima, and Kitadaitō, is the northernmost island in the Daitō Islands group, located in the Philippine Sea southeast of Okinawa, Japan.

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Kodakarajima

, literally "small treasure island", is one of the Tokara Islands, belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture.

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Kohama Island

(Yaeyama: Kumoo Okinawan: Kubama) is an island in the Yaeyama Islands group at the southwestern end of the Ryukyu Islands chain, and part of Taketomi, Yaeyama District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Kuchinoerabu-jima

, is one of the Satsunan Islands, usually classed with the Ōsumi Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Kuchinoshima

, literally "mouth island", is one of the Tokara Islands, belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture.

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Kujō Yoritsune

, also known as Fujiwara no Yoritsune, was the fourth shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan.

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Kumage District, Kagoshima

is a district located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Kumage Subprefecture

is a subprefecture of Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Kume Island

is an island, part of the Okinawa Islands and administratively part of the town of Kumejima, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Kunigami language

The Kunigami or Northern Okinawan language is a Ryukyuan language of northern Okinawa Island in Kunigami District and city of Nago, otherwise known as the Yanbaru region, historically the territory of the Hokuzan kingdom.

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Kunio Yanagita

was a Japanese scholar and considered the father of Japanese native folkloristics, or minzokugaku.

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Kuroiwa's ground gecko

Kuroiwa's ground gecko, or the Okinawan ground gecko (Goniurosaurus kuroiwae), is a species of lizards in the family Eublepharidae.

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Kuroshima (Okinawa)

Kuroshima (黒島; Yaeyama: Fishiima Okinawan: Kurushima), also known as "Kuro Island", is an island in Taketomi Town, Okinawa, part of the Yaeyama archipelago.

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Kyushu

is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands.

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Lidth's jay

The Lidth's jay or Anami jay (Garrulus lidthi) is a passerine bird in the family Corvidae, native to Japan.

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Limnonectes namiyei

Limnonectes namiyei is a species of frog in the Dicroglossidae family.

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Liuqiu

Liuqiu or Lewchew is the name historically given by Chinese writers to a territory in the region of the East China Sea, sometimes in mythical or legendary contexts.

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Livistona chinensis

Livistona chinensis, the Chinese fan palm or fountain palm, is a species of subtropical palm tree of east Asia.

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Luoyang

Luoyang, formerly romanized as Loyang, is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.

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Lycodon rufozonatus

Lycodon rufozonatum is a species of snake in the family Colubridae.

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Mageshima

, is one of the Satsunan Islands, usually classed with the Ōsumi Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Map of Japan (Kanazawa Bunko)

A map of Japan currently stored at Kanazawa Bunko depicts Japan and surrounding countries, both real and imaginary.

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Matthew C. Perry

Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was a Commodore of the United States Navy who commanded ships in several wars, including the War of 1812 and the Mexican–American War (1846–48).

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Meiji period

The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from October 23, 1868, to July 30, 1912.

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Minamidaitōjima

, also spelt as Minami Daitō or Minami-Daitō, is the largest island in the Daitō Islands group southeast of Okinawa, Japan.

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Minamoto no Yoritomo

was the founder and the first shōgun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan.

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Minna Island (Tarama, Okinawa)

Minna Island, or, is an island in the Miyako Islands in the jurisdiction of Tarama, Miyako District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Miyako Islands

The are a group of islands in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, east of the Yaeyama Islands.

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Miyako Strait

The, also known as the Kerama Gap, is a waterway which lies between Miyako Island and Okinawa Island consisting of an approx.

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Miyako-jima

is the largest and the most populous island among the Miyako Islands of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Naha

is the capital city of Okinawa Prefecture, the southernmost prefecture of Japan.

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Nakanoshima (Kagoshima)

, is a volcanic island located in the Tokara Islands, part of the Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Namie Amuro

is a Japanese recording artist, dancer, model, actress and entrepreneur.

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Nanpō Islands

The is a collective term for the groups of islands that are located to the south of the Japanese archipelago.

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Narcissus flycatcher

The narcissus flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina) is a passerine bird in the Old World flycatcher family.

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National Archives of Japan

The preserve Japanese government documents and historical records and make them available to the public.

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New Book of Tang

The New Book of Tang (Xīn Tángshū), generally translated as "New History of the Tang", or "New Tang History", is a work of official history covering the Tang dynasty in ten volumes and 225 chapters.

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Nihon Shoki

The, sometimes translated as The Chronicles of Japan, is the second-oldest book of classical Japanese history.

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Okidaitōjima

, also spelled as Oki Daitō Island or Oki-Daitō or Oki-no-Daitō, previously known as, is an abandoned island in the Daitō Islands group southeast of Okinawa, Japan.

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Okinawa Island

is the largest of the Okinawa Islands and the Ryukyu (Nansei) Islands of Japan.

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Okinawa Islands

The are an island group in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and are the principal island group of the prefecture.

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Okinawa Prefecture

is the southernmost prefecture of Japan.

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Okinawa rail

The Okinawa rail (Gallirallus okinawae) is a species of bird in the rail family, Rallidae.

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Okinawa Trough

The (also called, literally China-Ryukyu Border Trough) is a seabed feature of the East China Sea.

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Okinawa woodpecker

The is a woodpecker endemic to the island of Okinawa in Japan.

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Okinawan Japanese

is the Japanese language as spoken by people of Okinawa Prefecture.

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Okinawan language

Central Okinawan, or simply the Okinawan language (沖縄口/ウチナーグチ Uchinaaguchi), is a Northern Ryukyuan language spoken primarily in the southern half of the island of Okinawa, as well as in the surrounding islands of Kerama, Kumejima, Tonaki, Aguni, and a number of smaller peripheral islands.

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Okinoerabujima

is one of the Satsunan Islands, classed with the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa.

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Orange Range

is a 5-member Japanese rock band, based in Okinawa, Japan.

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Otton frog

The Otton frog (Babina subaspera), is a species of frog in the family Ranidae.

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Ovophis okinavensis

Ovophis okinavensis is a venomous pitviper species found in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan.

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Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection

The Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection is an extensive map collection owned by the Perry-Castañeda Library at The University of Texas at Austin.

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Philippine Sea

The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea east and northeast of the Philippines occupying an estimated surface area of.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Precipitation

In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

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Prefectures of Japan

Japan is divided into 47, forming the first level of jurisdiction and administrative division.

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Protobothrops flavoviridis

Protobothrops flavoviridis is a species of venomous pit viper endemic to the Ryukyu Islands of Japan.

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Qin dynasty

The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.

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Qin Shi Huang

Qin Shi Huang (18 February 25910 September 210) was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China.

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Religion in China

China has long been a cradle and host to a variety of the most enduring religio-philosophical traditions of the world.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Naha

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Naha (Nahana, カトリック那覇教区) is a Latin suffragan diocese in the Ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Archbishop of Nagasaki 長崎, in southern Japan.

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Ryūkyū scops owl

The Ryūkyū scops-owl or elegant scops-owl (Otus elegans) is a small rufous-brown owl with a brown face disk and a cinnamon facial ruff.

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Ryukyu arc

The is a volcanic island arc system of Japan's triple junction formed by the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the Eurasian Plate between Ryukyu Trench to the south-east and the Okinawa Trough to north-west.

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Ryukyu black-breasted leaf turtle

The Ryukyu black-breasted leaf turtle or Ryukyu leaf turtle, Geoemyda japonica, is a species of turtles in the family Geoemydidae (formerly Bataguridae) endemic to the Ryukyu Islands in Japan.

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Ryukyu flying fox

The Ryukyu flying fox or Ryukyu fruit bat (Pteropus dasymallus) is a species of megabat in the family Pteropodidae.

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Ryukyu independence movement

The or Republic of the Ryukyus (Japanese:, Kyūjitai:, Hepburn: Ryūkyū Kyōwakoku) is a political movement for the independence of Ryukyu Islands (commonly referred to as Okinawa after the largest island) from Japan.

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Ryukyu Inu

The Ryukyu Inu (琉球犬 lit. Ryuukyuu Dog) is a medium-sized breed of dog that originates from Okinawa, Japan.

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Ryukyu Kingdom

The Ryukyu Kingdom (Okinawan: Ruuchuu-kuku; 琉球王国 Ryūkyū Ōkoku; Middle Chinese: Ljuw-gjuw kwok; historical English name: Lewchew, Luchu, and Loochoo) was an independent kingdom that ruled most of the Ryukyu Islands from the 15th to the 19th century.

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Ryukyu kingfisher

The Ryukyu kingfisher (Todiramphus miyakoensis) is an enigmatic taxon of tree kingfisher.

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Ryukyu long-tailed giant rat

The Ryukyu long-tailed giant rat or Ryukyu rat (Diplothrix legata) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.

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Ryukyu minivet

The Ryukyu minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae) is a species of bird in the family Campephagidae.

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Ryukyu mouse

The Ryukyu mouse (Mus caroli) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.

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Ryukyu robin

The Ryukyu robin (Larvivora komadori) is a bird endemic to the Ryūkyū Islands, of Japan.

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Ryukyu shrew

The Ryukyu shrew (Crocidura orii), also known as Orii's shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae.

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Ryukyu tip-nosed frog

The Ryukyu Tip-nosed Frog, (Odorrana narina), is a species of frog in the Ranidae family that is endemic to Japan.

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Ryukyu wood pigeon

The Ryukyu wood pigeon (Columba jouyi), otherwise known as the silver-banded or silver-crescented pigeon is an extinct species of bird in the Columba genus in the family Columbidae.

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Ryukyuan languages

The are the indigenous languages of the Ryukyu Islands, the southernmost part of the Japanese archipelago.

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Ryukyuan music

, sometimes called, is an umbrella term that encompasses diverse musical traditions of the Ryukyu Islands The term is preferred by Japanese scholars in this field.

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Ryukyuan people

The; also Lewchewan or) are the indigenous peoples of the Ryukyu Islands between the islands of Kyushu and Taiwan. Politically, they live in either Okinawa Prefecture or Kagoshima Prefecture. Their languages make up the Ryukyuan languages, considered to be one of the two branches of the Japonic language family, the other being Japanese and its dialects. Ryukyuans are not a recognized minority group in Japan, as Japanese authorities consider them just a subgroup of the Japanese people, akin to the Yamato people and Ainu. Although unrecognized, Ryukyuans constitute the largest ethnolinguistic minority group in Japan, with 1.3 million living in Okinawa Prefecture alone. There is also a considerable Ryukyuan diaspora. As many as 600,000 more ethnic Ryukyuans and their descendants are dispersed elsewhere in Japan and worldwide; mostly in Hawaii and, to a lesser extent, in other territories where there is also a sizable Japanese diaspora. In the majority of countries, the Ryukyuan and Japanese diaspora are not differentiated so there are no reliable statistics for the former. Recent genetic and anthropological studies indicate that the Ryukyuans are significantly related to the Ainu people and share the ancestry with the indigenous prehistoric Jōmon period (pre 10,000–1,000 BCE) people, who arrived from Southeast Asia, and with the Yamato people who are mostly an admixture of the Yayoi period (1,000 BCE–300 CE) migrants from East Asia (specifically China and the Korean peninsula). The Ryukyuans have a specific culture with some matriarchal elements, native religion, and cuisine which had fairly late 12th century introduction of rice. The population lived on the islands in isolation for many centuries, and in the 14th century from the three divided Okinawan political polities emerged the Ryukyu Kingdom (1429–1879) which continued the maritime trade and tributary relations started in 1372 with Ming dynasty China. In 1609 the kingdom was invaded by Satsuma Domain which allowed its independence being in vassal status because the Tokugawa Japan was prohibited to trade with China, being in dual subordinate status between both China and Japan. During the Meiji period, the kingdom became Ryukyu Domain (1872–1879), after which it was politically annexed by the Empire of Japan. In 1879, after the annexation, the territory was reorganized as Okinawa Prefecture with the last king Shō Tai forcibly exiled to Tokyo. China renounced its claims to the islands in 1895. During this period, Okinawan ethnic identity, tradition, culture and language were suppressed by the Meiji government, which sought to assimilate the Ryukyuan people as Japanese (Yamato). After World War II, the Ryūkyū Islands were occupied by the United States between 1945–1950 and 1950–1972. During this time, there were many violations of human rights. Since the end of World War II, there exists strong resentment against the Japanese government and US military facilities stationed in Okinawa, as seen in the Ryukyu independence movement. United Nations special rapporteur on discrimination and racism Doudou Diène in his 2006 report, noted perceptible level of discrimination and xenophobia against the Ryukyuans, with the most serious discrimination they endure linked to their dislike of American military installations in the archipelago. An investigation into fundamental human rights was suggested.

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Sakishima Islands

The (or 先島群島, Sakishima-guntō) (Okinawan: Sachishima) are an archipelago located at the southernmost end of the Japanese Archipelago.

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Samurai

were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.

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Sangoku Tsūran Zusetsu

by Hayashi Shihei (1738–93) was published in Japan in 1785.

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Satsuma Domain

, also known as Kagoshima Domain, was a Japanese domain of the Edo period.

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Satsuma Province

was an old province of Japan that is now the western half of Kagoshima Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū.

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Satsunan Islands

The is a geopolitical name for a group of islands that forms the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands.

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Sedimentation

Sedimentation is the tendency for particles in suspension to settle out of the fluid in which they are entrained and come to rest against a barrier.

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Sengoku period

The is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict.

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Senkaku Islands

The are a group of uninhabited islands controlled by Japan in the East China Sea.

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Senkaku Islands dispute

The Senkaku Islands dispute, or Diaoyu Islands dispute, concerns a territorial dispute over a group of uninhabited islands known as the Senkaku Islands in Japan, the Diaoyu Islands in the People's Republic of China (PRC), and Tiaoyutai Islands in the Republic of China (ROC or Taiwan).

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Sesshō and Kampaku

In Japan, was a title given to a regent who was named to act on behalf of either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress regnant.

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Shō Nei

was king of the Ryukyu Kingdom (modern-day Okinawa Prefecture, Japan) from 1587–1620.

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Shō Toku

was the son of Shō Taikyū and last king of his dynasty.

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Shōgun

The was the military dictator of Japan during the period from 1185 to 1868 (with exceptions).

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Shimazu clan

The were the daimyō of the Satsuma han, which spread over Satsuma, Ōsumi and Hyūga provinces in Japan.

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Shimazu Tadahisa

was the founder of the Shimazu samurai clan.

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Shimazu Tadatsune

was a tozama daimyō of Satsuma, the first to hold it as a formal fief (han) under the Tokugawa shogunate, and the first Japanese to rule over the Ryūkyū Kingdom.

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Shimazu Tadayoshi

was a daimyō (feudal lord) of Satsuma Province during Japan's Sengoku period.

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Shimoji-shima

is one of the Miyako Islands, a part of the Ryukyu Islands.

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Shinsarugakuki

is an 11th-century Japanese work of fiction written by Fujiwara no Akihira (989–1066).

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Shinto

or kami-no-michi (among other names) is the traditional religion of Japan that focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.

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Shishigatani incident

The Shishigatani incident (鹿ケ谷事件, Shishigatani jiken) of June 1177 was a failed uprising against the rule of Taira no Kiyomori in Japan.

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Shoku Nihongi

The is an imperially commissioned Japanese history text.

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Shugo

was a title, commonly translated as "(military) governor", "protector" or "constable", given to certain officials in feudal Japan.

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Shunkan

Shunkan (俊寛) (c. 1143 – 1179) was a Japanese monk who, after taking part in the Shishigatani plot to overthrow Taira no Kiyomori, was exiled along with two others to Kikai-ga-shima.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Speed (Japanese band)

Speed (stylized as SPEED) is a Japanese female vocal/dance group comprising Hiroko Shimabukuro, Eriko Imai, Takako Uehara and Hitoe Arakaki.

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Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

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Suwanosejima

is one of the Tokara Islands, belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture.

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Suzerainty

Suzerainty (and) is a back-formation from the late 18th-century word suzerain, meaning upper-sovereign, derived from the French sus (meaning above) + -erain (from souverain, meaning sovereign).

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Sword-tail newt

The sword-tail newt (Cynops ensicauda) is an endangered species of true salamander from the Ryukyu Archipelago in Japan.

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Tairajima

, is one of the Tokara Islands, a sub-group of the Satsunan Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Taiwan

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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Takarajima

, literally "treasure island", is one of the Tokara Islands, belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture.

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Taketomi Island

is an island in the Yaeyama District of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Tane Province

was an old province of Japan in the area of Kagoshima Prefecture.

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Tanegashima

is one of the Ōsumi Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Tanegashima (gun)

, most often called in Japanese and sometimes in English, which means matchlock gun, was a type of matchlock configured arquebus firearm introduced to Japan through the Portuguese in 1543.

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Tanegashima clan

The is a Japanese clan that originated on Tanegashima Island, just south of Kyūshū.

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Tanegashima Space Center

The (TNSC) is a Japanese space development facility.

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Taoism

Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

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Tarama, Okinawa

is a village located in Miyako District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The Tale of the Heike

is an epic account compiled prior to 1330 of the struggle between the Taira and Minamoto clans for control of Japan at the end of the 12th century in the Genpei War (1180–1185).

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Tokara Islands

The is an archipelago in the Nansei Islands, and are part of the Satsunan Islands, which is in turn part of the Ryukyu Archipelago.

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Tokashiki Island

is an island in the Pacific Ocean.

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Tokunoshima

, also known in English as and is one of the Satsunan Islands, classed with the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa.

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Tokusō

was the title (post) held by the head of the mainline Hōjō clan, who also monopolized the position of shikken (regents to the shogunate) of the Kamakura shogunate in Japan during the period of Regent Rule (1199–1333).

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Tokyo

, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.

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Toyotomi Hideyoshi

was a preeminent daimyō, warrior, general, samurai, and politician of the Sengoku period who is regarded as Japan's second "great unifier".

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Treaty of San Francisco

, or commonly known as the Treaty of Peace with Japan, Peace Treaty of San Francisco, or San Francisco Peace Treaty), mostly between Japan and the Allied Powers, was officially signed by 48 nations on September 8, 1951, in San Francisco. It came into force on April 28, 1952 and officially ended the American-led Allied Occupation of Japan. According to Article 11 of the Treaty, Japan accepts the judgments of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and of other Allied War Crimes Courts imposed on Japan both within and outside Japan. This treaty served to officially end Japan's position as an imperial power, to allocate compensation to Allied civilians and former prisoners of war who had suffered Japanese war crimes during World War II, and to end the Allied post-war occupation of Japan and return sovereignty to that nation. This treaty made extensive use of the United Nations Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to enunciate the Allies' goals. This treaty, along with the Security Treaty signed that same day, is said to mark the beginning of the San Francisco System; this term, coined by historian John W. Dower, signifies the effects of Japan's relationship with the United States and its role in the international arena as determined by these two treaties and is used to discuss the ways in which these effects have governed Japan's post-war history. This treaty also introduced the problem of the legal status of Taiwan due to its lack of specificity as to what country Taiwan was to be surrendered, and hence some supporters of Taiwan independence argue that sovereignty of Taiwan is still undetermined.

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Treaty of Shimonoseki

The was a treaty signed at the Shunpanrō hotel, Shimonoseki, Japan on 17 April 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War.

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Trimeresurus elegans

Trimeresurus elegans is a venomous pitviper species endemic to Japan in the southern Ryukyu Islands.

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Trimeresurus tokarensis

Trimeresurus tokarensis is a venomous pitviper species endemic to the Tokara Islands of Japan.

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Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (TSMF), also known as tropical moist forests, are a tropical and subtropical forest biome, sometimes referred to as jungle.

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Tropical rainforest climate

A tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, is a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator.

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Turbo marmoratus

Turbo marmoratus, known as the green turban, the marbled turban or great green turban, is a large species of marine gastropod with a thick calcareous operculum in the family Turbinidae, the turban snails.

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Typhoon

A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere.

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United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands

The, or "USCAR", was the government in Okinawa, Japan, after World War II from 1950 until 1972.

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United States Military Government of the Ryukyu Islands

The was the government in Okinawa, Japan from 1945 to 1950, whereupon it was replaced by the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands.

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University of the Ryukyus

The, abbreviated to, is a national university of Japan in Okinawa Prefecture.

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Veneration of the dead

The veneration of the dead, including one's ancestors, is based on love and respect for the deceased.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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World Wide Fund for Nature

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.

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Yaeyama Islands

The Yaeyama Islands (八重山諸島 Yaeyama-shotō, also 八重山列島 Yaeyama-rettō, Yaeyama: Yaima Okinawan: Eema) are an archipelago in the southwest of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and cover.

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Yakushima

is one of the Ōsumi Islands in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Yamato people

The and are an East Asian ethnic group and nation native to the Japanese archipelago.

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Yellow pond turtle

The yellow pond turtle (Mauremys mutica), is a medium-sized (to 19.5 cm), semi-aquatic turtle in the family Geoemydidae.

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Yonaguni

, one of the Yaeyama Islands, is the westernmost inhabited island of Japan, lying from the east coast of Taiwan, between the East China Sea and the Pacific Ocean proper.

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Yoronjima

is one of the Amami Islands.

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Yoroshima

is one of the Satsunan Islands, classed with the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa.

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Zamami Island

is an island in the Pacific Ocean.

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Redirects here:

Lewchew Islands, Lieou-Kieou, Lieukieu, Liu Chiu Islands, Liu-ch'iu Island, Liu-ch'iu Islands, Liu-kiu Islands, Liuqiu Islands, Loo Choo, Loo Choo Islands, Loo-Choo, Loo-Choo Islands, Loo-choo Islands, Loo-choo islands, Loochoo, Loochoo islands, Lu-chu Islands, Lu-chu islands, Luchu Archipelago, Luchu Islands, Nansei, Nansei Islands, Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests, Nansei Shoto, Nansei Shoto Archipelago forests, Nansei Shotō, Nansei islands, Nansei-shoto, Riukiu Islands, Ryu Kyu, Ryu Kyu Islands, Ryu-Kyu Islands, Ryuku, Ryuku Islands, Ryukyu, Ryukyu Archipelago, Ryukyu Chain, Ryukyu Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, Ryukyu Shoto, Ryukyu islands, Ryukyu proper, Ryukyu-Shoto, Ryukyuan islands, Ryukyuko, Ryukyus, Ryuukyuu, Ryuukyuu islands, Ryū Kyū, Ryūkyū, Ryūkyū Chain, Ryūkyū Islands, Ryūkyū Shotō, Ryūkyū islands, Ryūkyū proper, Ryūkyūko, Ryūkyūs, Southwest Islands, 琉球群岛.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ryukyu_Islands

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