Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Ryukyuan religion

Index Ryukyuan religion

The Ryukyuan religion, Ryukyu Shinto (琉球神道), Nirai Kanai Shinkou (ニライカナイ信仰), or Utaki Shinkou (御嶽信仰) is the indigenous belief system of the Ryukyu Islands. [1]

94 relations: Aji (Ryukyu), Akaname, Amamikyu, Amulet, Animism, Banyan, Battle of Okinawa, Bon Festival, Buddhism, Butsudan, Carapace, Chūzan Seikan, Cheuksin, Chinen Castle, Chinese folk religion, Chinese zodiac, Chthonic, Circa, Conch, Confucianism, Diarrhea, Divination, Dragon King, Ethnic issues in Japan, Faith healing, Folk religion, Fortune-telling, Genius loci, Ghost, Giant clam, Gusuku, Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu, History of the Ryukyu Islands, Household deity, Iejima, Iha Fuyū, Initiation, Kami, Kamuy, Kamuy-huci, Kijimuna, Kitanakagusuku, Okinawa, Lunar calendar, Mana, Mediation, Mediumship, Miyako-jima, Miyakoan language, Nakagusuku Castle, Nakagusuku Hotel ruins, ..., Nakijin Castle, Nihon-shiki romanization, Noro (priestess), Northern Wei, Okinawa Prefecture, Okinawan language, Omega, Omoro Sōshi, Onarigami, Ox (zodiac), Pig toilet, Prayer, Precognition, Psychology of self, Psychopomp, Religion, Religion in China, Ryūgū-jō, Ryukyu Islands, Ryukyu Kingdom, Ryukyuan people, Salt, Sefa-utaki, Shamanism, Shō Shin, Shinto, Shisa, Shuri, Okinawa, Soul, Sprite (folklore), Taboo, Tamagusuku Castle, Tamaudun, Taoism, Tiger (zodiac), Toilet god, Troll doll, Uterus, Veneration of the dead, World War II, Yaeyama Islands, Yōsei, Yomitan, Yonaguni language. Expand index (44 more) »

Aji (Ryukyu)

Aji An aji, anji, or azu was a ruler of a petty kingdom in the history of the Ryukyu Islands.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Aji (Ryukyu) · See more »


The is a Japanese yōkai depicted in Toriyama Sekien's Gazu Hyakki Yagyō.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Akaname · See more »


, or, is the creation goddess of the Ryukyu Islands in the Ryukyuan religion.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Amamikyu · See more »


An amulet is an object that is typically worn on one's person, that some people believe has the magical or miraculous power to protect its holder, either to protect them in general or to protect them from some specific thing; it is often also used as an ornament though that may not be the intended purpose of it.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Amulet · See more »


Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Animism · See more »


A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Banyan · See more »

Battle of Okinawa

The (Uchinaa ikusa), codenamed Operation Iceberg, was a major battle of the Pacific War fought on the island of Okinawa by United States Marine and Army forces against the Imperial Japanese Army.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Battle of Okinawa · See more »

Bon Festival

or just is a Japanese Buddhist custom to honor the spirits of one's ancestors.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Bon Festival · See more »


Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Buddhism · See more »


A Butsudan, sometimes spelled, is a shrine commonly found in temples and homes in Japanese Buddhist cultures.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Butsudan · See more »


A carapace is a dorsal (upper) section of the exoskeleton or shell in a number of animal groups, including arthropods, such as crustaceans and arachnids, as well as vertebrates, such as turtles and tortoises.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Carapace · See more »

Chūzan Seikan

or Mirror of Chūzan, compiled in 1650 by Shō Shōken, is the first official history of the Ryūkyū Kingdom.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Chūzan Seikan · See more »


Cheukshin (Hangul: 측신, Hanja: 廁神) is the toilet goddess of Korean mythology.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Cheuksin · See more »

Chinen Castle

is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Nanjō, Okinawa.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Chinen Castle · See more »

Chinese folk religion

Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of the Han people, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers as well as spirits and gods.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Chinese folk religion · See more »

Chinese zodiac

The Chinese zodiac is a classification scheme that assigns an animal and its reputed attributes to each year in a repeating 12-year cycle.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Chinese zodiac · See more »


Chthonic (from translit, "in, under, or beneath the earth", from χθών italic "earth") literally means "subterranean", but the word in English describes deities or spirits of the underworld, especially in Ancient Greek religion.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Chthonic · See more »


Circa, usually abbreviated c., ca. or ca (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Circa · See more »


Conch is a common name that is applied to a number of different medium to large-sized shells.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Conch · See more »


Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Confucianism · See more »


Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Diarrhea · See more »


Divination (from Latin divinare "to foresee, to be inspired by a god", related to divinus, divine) is the attempt to gain insight into a question or situation by way of an occultic, standardized process or ritual.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Divination · See more »

Dragon King

The Dragon King, also known as the Dragon God, is a Chinese water and weather god.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Dragon King · See more »

Ethnic issues in Japan

According to census statistics, 98.5% of the population of Japan are Japanese, with the remainder being foreign nationals residing in Japan.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Ethnic issues in Japan · See more »

Faith healing

Faith healing is the practice of prayer and gestures (such as laying on of hands) that are believed by some to elicit divine intervention in spiritual and physical healing, especially the Christian practice.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Faith healing · See more »

Folk religion

In religious studies and folkloristics, folk religion, popular religion, or vernacular religion comprises various forms and expressions of religion that are distinct from the official doctrines and practices of organized religion.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Folk religion · See more »


*For the origami, see Paper fortune teller.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Fortune-telling · See more »

Genius loci

In classical Roman religion, a genius loci (plural genii loci) was the protective spirit of a place.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Genius loci · See more »


In folklore, a ghost (sometimes known as an apparition, haunt, phantom, poltergeist, shade, specter or spectre, spirit, spook, and wraith) is the soul or spirit of a dead person or animal that can appear to the living.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Ghost · See more »

Giant clam

The giant clams are the genus Tridacna of clams that are the largest living bivalve mollusks.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Giant clam · See more »


often refers to castles or fortresses in the Ryukyu Islands that feature stone walls.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Gusuku · See more »

Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

The is an UNESCO World Heritage Site which consists of nine sites all located in the Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu · See more »

History of the Ryukyu Islands

This article is about the history of the Ryukyu Islands southwest of the main islands of Japan.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and History of the Ryukyu Islands · See more »

Household deity

A household deity is a deity or spirit that protects the home, looking after the entire household or certain key members.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Household deity · See more »


, previously romanized in English as Ie Shima, is an island in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, lying a few kilometers off the Motobu Peninsula on Okinawa Island.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Iejima · See more »

Iha Fuyū

Iha Fuyū (伊波普猷, March 15, 1876 – August 13, 1947) was the father of Okinawaology and a Japanese scholar who studied various aspects of Japanese and Okinawan culture, customs, linguistics, and lore.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Iha Fuyū · See more »


Initiation is a rite of passage marking entrance or acceptance into a group or society.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Initiation · See more »


are the spirits or phenomena that are worshipped in the religion of Shinto.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Kami · See more »


A kamuy (カムィ; 神威 or 神居) is a spiritual or divine being in Ainu mythology, a term denoting a supernatural entity composed of or possessing spiritual energy.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Kamuy · See more »


Kamuy-huci (カムイフチ, Kamui Fuchi) is the Ainu kamuy (goddess) of the hearth.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Kamuy-huci · See more »


The (or Bunagaya) are creatures of the mythology native to the island of Okinawa.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Kijimuna · See more »

Kitanakagusuku, Okinawa

translit is a village located in Nakagami District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Kitanakagusuku, Okinawa · See more »

Lunar calendar

A lunar calendar is a calendar based upon the monthly cycles of the Moon's phases (synodic months), in contrast to solar calendars, whose annual cycles are based only directly upon the solar year.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Lunar calendar · See more »


Mana, in Austronesian languages, means "power", "effectiveness", and "prestige".

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Mana · See more »


Mediation is a dynamic, structured, interactive process where a neutral third party assists disputing parties in resolving conflict through the use of specialized communication and negotiation techniques.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Mediation · See more »


Mediumship is the practice of certain people—known as mediums—to purportedly mediate communication between spirits of the dead and living human beings.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Mediumship · See more »


is the largest and the most populous island among the Miyako Islands of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Miyako-jima · See more »

Miyakoan language

The Miyakoan language (宮古口/ミャークフツ Myaakufutsu or 島口/スマフツ Sumafutsu) is a language spoken in the Miyako Islands, located southwest of Okinawa.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Miyakoan language · See more »

Nakagusuku Castle

is a gusuku in the village of Kitanakagusuku, Okinawa, Japan.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Nakagusuku Castle · See more »

Nakagusuku Hotel ruins

The, also known as the Royal Hotel or, is an abandoned, unfinished hotel in Kitanakagusuku, Okinawa.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Nakagusuku Hotel ruins · See more »

Nakijin Castle

is a Ryukyuan gusuku located in Nakijin, Okinawa.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Nakijin Castle · See more »

Nihon-shiki romanization

Nihon-shiki, or Nippon-shiki Rōmaji (日本式ローマ字, "Japan-style," romanized as Nihon-siki or Nippon-siki in Nippon-shiki itself), is a romanization system for transliterating the Japanese language into the Latin alphabet.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Nihon-shiki romanization · See more »

Noro (priestess)

(Okinawan: Nuuru) are priestesses of the Ryukyuan religion.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Noro (priestess) · See more »

Northern Wei

The Northern Wei or the Northern Wei Empire, also known as the Tuoba Wei (拓跋魏), Later Wei (後魏), or Yuan Wei (元魏), was a dynasty founded by the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei, which ruled northern China from 386 to 534 (de jure until 535), during the period of the Southern and Northern Dynasties.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Northern Wei · See more »

Okinawa Prefecture

is the southernmost prefecture of Japan.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Okinawa Prefecture · See more »

Okinawan language

Central Okinawan, or simply the Okinawan language (沖縄口/ウチナーグチ Uchinaaguchi), is a Northern Ryukyuan language spoken primarily in the southern half of the island of Okinawa, as well as in the surrounding islands of Kerama, Kumejima, Tonaki, Aguni, and a number of smaller peripheral islands.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Okinawan language · See more »


Omega (capital: Ω, lowercase: ω; Greek ὦ, later ὦ μέγα, Modern Greek ωμέγα) is the 24th and last letter of the Greek alphabet.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Omega · See more »

Omoro Sōshi

The Omoro Sōshi (おもろさうし) is a compilation of ancient poems and songs from Okinawa and the Amami Islands, collected into 22 volumes and written primarily in hiragana with some simple kanji.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Omoro Sōshi · See more »


is the ancient belief of the Ryūkyūan people that spiritual power is the domain of women.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Onarigami · See more »

Ox (zodiac)

The Ox (牛) is the second of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Ox (zodiac) · See more »

Pig toilet

A pig toilet (sometimes called a "pig sty latrine") is a simple type of dry toilet consisting of an outhouse mounted over a pigsty, with a chute or hole connecting the two.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Pig toilet · See more »


Prayer is an invocation or act that seeks to activate a rapport with an object of worship, typically a deity, through deliberate communication.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Prayer · See more »


Precognition (from the Latin prae-, "before" and cognitio, "acquiring knowledge"), also called prescience, future vision, future sight is an alleged psychic ability to see events in the future.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Precognition · See more »

Psychology of self

The psychology of self is the study of either the cognitive, conative or affective representation of one's identity or the subject of experience.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Psychology of self · See more »


Psychopomps (from the Greek word ψυχοπομπός, psuchopompos, literally meaning the "guide of souls") are creatures, spirits, angels, or deities in many religions whose responsibility is to escort newly deceased souls from Earth to the afterlife.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Psychopomp · See more »


Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Religion · See more »

Religion in China

China has long been a cradle and host to a variety of the most enduring religio-philosophical traditions of the world.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Religion in China · See more »


In Japanese folklore, is the undersea palace of Ryūjin, the dragon kami of the sea.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Ryūgū-jō · See more »

Ryukyu Islands

The, also known as the or the, are a chain of islands annexed by Japan that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands (further divided into the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands), with Yonaguni the southernmost.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Ryukyu Islands · See more »

Ryukyu Kingdom

The Ryukyu Kingdom (Okinawan: Ruuchuu-kuku; 琉球王国 Ryūkyū Ōkoku; Middle Chinese: Ljuw-gjuw kwok; historical English name: Lewchew, Luchu, and Loochoo) was an independent kingdom that ruled most of the Ryukyu Islands from the 15th to the 19th century.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Ryukyu Kingdom · See more »

Ryukyuan people

The; also Lewchewan or) are the indigenous peoples of the Ryukyu Islands between the islands of Kyushu and Taiwan. Politically, they live in either Okinawa Prefecture or Kagoshima Prefecture. Their languages make up the Ryukyuan languages, considered to be one of the two branches of the Japonic language family, the other being Japanese and its dialects. Ryukyuans are not a recognized minority group in Japan, as Japanese authorities consider them just a subgroup of the Japanese people, akin to the Yamato people and Ainu. Although unrecognized, Ryukyuans constitute the largest ethnolinguistic minority group in Japan, with 1.3 million living in Okinawa Prefecture alone. There is also a considerable Ryukyuan diaspora. As many as 600,000 more ethnic Ryukyuans and their descendants are dispersed elsewhere in Japan and worldwide; mostly in Hawaii and, to a lesser extent, in other territories where there is also a sizable Japanese diaspora. In the majority of countries, the Ryukyuan and Japanese diaspora are not differentiated so there are no reliable statistics for the former. Recent genetic and anthropological studies indicate that the Ryukyuans are significantly related to the Ainu people and share the ancestry with the indigenous prehistoric Jōmon period (pre 10,000–1,000 BCE) people, who arrived from Southeast Asia, and with the Yamato people who are mostly an admixture of the Yayoi period (1,000 BCE–300 CE) migrants from East Asia (specifically China and the Korean peninsula). The Ryukyuans have a specific culture with some matriarchal elements, native religion, and cuisine which had fairly late 12th century introduction of rice. The population lived on the islands in isolation for many centuries, and in the 14th century from the three divided Okinawan political polities emerged the Ryukyu Kingdom (1429–1879) which continued the maritime trade and tributary relations started in 1372 with Ming dynasty China. In 1609 the kingdom was invaded by Satsuma Domain which allowed its independence being in vassal status because the Tokugawa Japan was prohibited to trade with China, being in dual subordinate status between both China and Japan. During the Meiji period, the kingdom became Ryukyu Domain (1872–1879), after which it was politically annexed by the Empire of Japan. In 1879, after the annexation, the territory was reorganized as Okinawa Prefecture with the last king Shō Tai forcibly exiled to Tokyo. China renounced its claims to the islands in 1895. During this period, Okinawan ethnic identity, tradition, culture and language were suppressed by the Meiji government, which sought to assimilate the Ryukyuan people as Japanese (Yamato). After World War II, the Ryūkyū Islands were occupied by the United States between 1945–1950 and 1950–1972. During this time, there were many violations of human rights. Since the end of World War II, there exists strong resentment against the Japanese government and US military facilities stationed in Okinawa, as seen in the Ryukyu independence movement. United Nations special rapporteur on discrimination and racism Doudou Diène in his 2006 report, noted perceptible level of discrimination and xenophobia against the Ryukyuans, with the most serious discrimination they endure linked to their dislike of American military installations in the archipelago. An investigation into fundamental human rights was suggested.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Ryukyuan people · See more »


Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Salt · See more »


, meaning "purified place of Utaki," is an historical sacred space, overlooking Kudaka Island, that served as one of the key locations of worship in the native religion of the Ryukyuan people for millennia.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Sefa-utaki · See more »


Shamanism is a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to perceive and interact with what they believe to be a spirit world and channel these transcendental energies into this world.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Shamanism · See more »

Shō Shin

was a king of the Ryukyu Kingdom, the third of the line of the Second Shō Dynasty.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Shō Shin · See more »


or kami-no-michi (among other names) is the traditional religion of Japan that focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Shinto · See more »


is a traditional Ryukyuan cultural artifact and decoration, often seen in similar pairs, resembling a cross between a lion and a dog, from Okinawan mythology.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Shisa · See more »

Shuri, Okinawa

is a district of the city of Naha, Okinawa.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Shuri, Okinawa · See more »


In many religious, philosophical, and mythological traditions, there is a belief in the incorporeal essence of a living being called the soul. Soul or psyche (Greek: "psychē", of "psychein", "to breathe") are the mental abilities of a living being: reason, character, feeling, consciousness, memory, perception, thinking, etc.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Soul · See more »

Sprite (folklore)

A sprite is a supernatural entity.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Sprite (folklore) · See more »


In any given society, a taboo is an implicit prohibition or strong discouragement against something (usually against an utterance or behavior) based on a cultural feeling that it is either too repulsive or dangerous, or, perhaps, too sacred for ordinary people.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Taboo · See more »

Tamagusuku Castle

is a Ryukyuan gusuku in Nanjō, Okinawa.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Tamagusuku Castle · See more »


is one of the three royal mausoleums of the Ryukyu Kingdom, along with Urasoe yōdore at Urasoe Castle and Izena Tamaudun near Izena Castle in Izena, Okinawa.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Tamaudun · See more »


Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Taoism · See more »

Tiger (zodiac)

The Tiger (寅) is the third of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Tiger (zodiac) · See more »

Toilet god

A toilet god is a deity associated with latrines and toilets.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Toilet god · See more »

Troll doll

A Troll Doll (Danish: Gjøltrold) is a type of plastic doll with furry up-combed hair depicting a troll, also known as a Dam doll after their creator Danish woodcutter Thomas Dam.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Troll doll · See more »


The uterus (from Latin "uterus", plural uteri) or womb is a major female hormone-responsive secondary sex organ of the reproductive system in humans and most other mammals.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Uterus · See more »

Veneration of the dead

The veneration of the dead, including one's ancestors, is based on love and respect for the deceased.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Veneration of the dead · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and World War II · See more »

Yaeyama Islands

The Yaeyama Islands (八重山諸島 Yaeyama-shotō, also 八重山列島 Yaeyama-rettō, Yaeyama: Yaima Okinawan: Eema) are an archipelago in the southwest of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and cover.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Yaeyama Islands · See more »


is a Japanese word that is generally synonymous with the English term.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Yōsei · See more »


is a village located in Nakagami District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Yomitan · See more »

Yonaguni language

The Yonaguni language (与那国物言/ドゥナンムヌイ Dunan Munui) is a Southern Ryukyuan language spoken by around 400 people on the island of Yonaguni, in the Ryukyu Islands, the westernmost of the chain lying just east of Taiwan.

New!!: Ryukyuan religion and Yonaguni language · See more »

Redirects here:

Hinukan, Lewchewan religion, Nirai Kanai, Nirai-Kanai, Okinawan mythology, Okinawan religion, Ryukyuan Shinto, Ryukyuan mythology, Ryūkyūan religion.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ryukyuan_religion

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »