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Søren Kierkegaard

Index Søren Kierkegaard

Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher. [1]

350 relations: Aalborg, Abingdon-on-Thames, Abraham, Absurdism, Aesthetics, Alastair Hannay, Albert Camus, Alexandre Vinet, Anecdote, Angst, Anti-Federalist Papers, Anxiety, Aphorism, Apophatic theology, Apposition, Arthur Schopenhauer, Assistens Cemetery (Copenhagen), Atheism, Atheistic existentialism, Attributes of God in Christianity, August Strindberg, Augustine of Hippo, Austrians, Authenticity (philosophy), Baptism, BBC Radio 4, Beatitudes, Being and Nothingness, Being and Time, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Blaise Pascal, Calendar of saints, Calendar of saints (Lutheran), Cambridge University Press, Carl Rogers, Cataphatic theology, Cato the Younger, Certainty, Charles Williams (British writer), Christendom, Christian apologetics, Christian Church, Christian Discourses, Christian ethics, Christian existentialism, Christian philosophy, Christian psychology, Christian Wolff (philosopher), Christianity, Christoph Schrempf, ..., Church of Denmark, Church of Our Lady (Copenhagen), Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments, Conformity, Continental philosophy, Conversation, Copenhagen, Copula (linguistics), Cornel West, Corsaren, Cosmopolis: A Literary Review, Cultural assimilation, Daniel Taylor (writer), Danish language, Danish rigsdaler, David F. Swenson, David Lodge (author), De omnibus dubitandum est, Debate, Deliberation, Denmark–Norway, Depression (mood), Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Discourse, Don Cupitt, Don DeLillo, Don Juanism, Doubt, Douglas V. Steere, Edification, Edifying Discourses in Diverse Spirits, Edward Caird, Edward Young, Eighteen Upbuilding Discourses, Either/Or, Emanuel Hirsch, Emanuel Swedenborg, Emil Brunner, Emmanuel Levinas, Emotion, Epistemological anarchism, Epistemology, Erich Fromm, Ernest Becker, Ethics, Eucharist, Existence of God, Existential crisis, Existential therapy, Existentialism, Existentialism Is a Humanism, Faith, Fear and Trembling, Feeling, Ferdinand Ebner, First Epistle of Peter, Flannery O'Connor, For Self-Examination, Forgiveness, Four Upbuilding Discourses, 1843, Four Upbuilding Discourses, 1844, Franz Kafka, Franz Rosenzweig, Frederiks Hospital, Friedrich Engels, Friedrich Gogarten, Friedrich Nietzsche, Friedrich Schleiermacher, Friedrich von Hügel, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, Fruit of the Holy Spirit, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Gabriel Marcel, Generation, Georg Brandes, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Goethe's Faust, Google, Google Doodle, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Grace in Christianity, Hamza Yusuf, Hans Christian Andersen, Hans Lassen Martensen, Harald Høffding, Henrik Ibsen, Henry Thomas Buckle, Heraclitus, Hermann Hesse, Hilary Putnam, Hong Kierkegaard Library, Hugo Bergmann, Hurrell Froude, Idealism, Imagination, Immanuel Kant, In Our Time (radio series), Infinite qualitative distinction, Ingmar Bergman, Inklings, Irony, Isaac, J. D. Salinger, Jacob Burckhardt, Jacob Peter Mynster, Jacques Ellul, Jakob Böhme, Jean Wahl, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jesus, Jesus healing the bleeding woman, Johan Ludvig Heiberg (poet), Johann Georg Hamann, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johanne Luise Heiberg, Johannes Møllehave, John Climacus, John Daniel Wild, John Nelson Darby, John Updike, Jon Stewart (philosopher), Jorge Luis Borges, Judeo-Christian, Judge for Yourselves!, Julius Caesar, Karl Barth, Karl Jaspers, Karl Marx, Karl Popper, Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel, Knight of faith, Know thyself, Knowledge, Leap of faith, Lee M. Hollander, Leo Tolstoy, Lev Shestov, List of historians, Logic, Ludvig Holberg, Ludwig Binswanger, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Lutheranism, Magnús Eiríksson, Martin Buber, Martin Heidegger, Martin Luther, Master of Arts, Matthew 6, Matthew 6:28, Matthew 6:33, Maundy Thursday, Max Klinger, Meïr Aron Goldschmidt, Mediation (Marxist theory and media studies), Melvyn Bragg, Mercy, Metaphor, Metaphysics, Miguel de Unamuno, Mikhail Bakunin, Modernity, Morality, Moravian Church, Mortimer J. Adler, Morton White, N. F. S. Grundtvig, Nader El-Bizri, National Book Award, National Book Foundation, Nørrebro, Neo-orthodoxy, Niels Christian Kierkegaard, Nikolai Berdyaev, On the Concept of Irony with Continual Reference to Socrates, Opinion, Organized religion, Oscar Levy, Otto Pfleiderer, Otto Rank, Oxford University Press, Pantheism, Parable, Parable of the Good Samaritan, Parmenides, Passion (emotion), Pathos, Paul Arthur Schilpp, Paul Feyerabend, Paul Tillich, Peace, Peder Ludvig Møller, Penguin Great Ideas, Penitent thief, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Personality psychology, Peter Kierkegaard, Phenomenology (philosophy), Philosopher, Philosophical Fragments, Philosophy of dialogue, Philosophy of religion, Plato, Poetry, Polemic, Post-structuralism, Postmodern theology, Postmodernism, Pott disease, Poul Martin Møller, Practice in Christianity, Praxis (process), Prayer, Prefaces, Present age, Presupposition, Princeton University Press, Pseudonym, Psychology, Public speaking, Pulitzer Prize, Rainer Maria Rilke, Regine Olsen, Religious Studies (journal), René Descartes, Repetition (Kierkegaard book), Rollo May, Routledge, Royal Danish Theatre, Rudolf Bultmann, Sacred tradition, Samuel Barber, Søren Kierkegaard bibliography, Scandinavia, Scholarly method, Scientific demonstration, Sea of Faith (TV series), Secretary desk, Self-reflection, Sermon, Sigmund Freud, Simeon Stylites, Social criticism, Sociology, Socrates, Speculative reason, Spirit, Spirituality, Stages on Life's Way, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Temperament, Tetsuro Watsuji, The Concept of Anxiety, The Crisis and a Crisis in the Life of an Actress, The Denial of Death, The Epistle to the Romans (Barth), The Federalist Papers, The Phenomenology of Spirit, The Point of View of My Work as an Author, The Sickness Unto Death, Theodor Haecker, Theodor W. Adorno, Theology of Søren Kierkegaard, Thesis, Thomas Henry Croxall, Thomasine Christine Gyllembourg-Ehrensvärd, Thought, Three Discourses on Imagined Occasions, Three Upbuilding Discourses, 1843, Three Upbuilding Discourses, 1844, Tract (literature), Troels Frederik Lund, Two Ages: A Literary Review, Two Minor Ethical-Religious Essays, Two Upbuilding Discourses, 1843, Two Upbuilding Discourses, 1844, Tycho Brahe, Typhus, Understanding, University of Copenhagen, Uppsala University, Valentin Weigel, Viktor Frankl, W. H. Auden, Walker Percy, Walter Kaufmann (philosopher), Walter Lowrie (author), Western philosophy, Wilhelm Stekel, William Blake, William James, William Shakespeare, Works of Love, World Economic Forum, Zaytuna College, 1 Corinthians 8, 20th century in literature, 20th-century philosophy. Expand index (300 more) »


Aalborg, is Denmark's fourth largest city with an urban population of 136,000, including 22,000 in the twin city Nørresundby 600 meters across the Limfjord.

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Abingdon-on-Thames, also known as Abingdon on Thames or just Abingdon, is a historic market town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire, England.

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Abraham (Arabic: إبراهيم Ibrahim), originally Abram, is the common patriarch of the three Abrahamic religions.

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In philosophy, "the Absurd" refers to the conflict between the human tendency to seek inherent value and meaning in life and the human inability to find any.

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Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.

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Alastair Hannay

Robert Alastair Hannay (born 1932) is Professor emeritus at the University of Oslo.

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Albert Camus

Albert Camus (7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist.

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Alexandre Vinet

Alexandre Rodolphe Vinet (June 17, 1797May 4, 1847), was a Swiss critic and theologian.

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An anecdote is a brief, revealing account of an individual person or an incident.

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Angst means fear or anxiety (anguish is its Latinate equivalent, and anxious, anxiety are of similar origin).

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Anti-Federalist Papers

Anti-Federalist Papers is the collective name given to works written by the Founding Fathers who were opposed to or concerned with the merits of the United States Constitution of 1787.

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Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviour such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.

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An aphorism (from Greek ἀφορισμός: aphorismos, denoting "delimitation", "distinction", and "definition") is a concise, terse, laconic, and/or memorable expression of a general truth or principle.

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Apophatic theology

Apophatic theology, also known as negative theology, is a form of theological thinking and religious practice which attempts to approach God, the Divine, by negation, to speak only in terms of what may not be said about the perfect goodness that is God.

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Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side, with one element serving to identify the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition.

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Arthur Schopenhauer

Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher.

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Assistens Cemetery (Copenhagen)

Assistens Cemetery (Danish: Assistens Kirkegård) in Copenhagen, Denmark, is the burial site of a large number of Danish notables as well as an important greenspace in the Nørrebro district.

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Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.

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Atheistic existentialism

"Atheistic existentialism" is a kind of existentialism which strongly diverged from the Christian existential works of Søren Kierkegaard and developed within the context of an atheistic world view.

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Attributes of God in Christianity

The attributes of God are specific characteristics of God discussed in Christian theology.

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August Strindberg

Johan August Strindberg (22 January 184914 May 1912) was a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter.

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Augustine of Hippo

Saint Augustine of Hippo (13 November 354 – 28 August 430) was a Roman African, early Christian theologian and philosopher from Numidia whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy.

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Austrians (Österreicher) are a Germanic nation and ethnic group, native to modern Austria and South Tyrol that share a common Austrian culture, Austrian descent and Austrian history.

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Authenticity (philosophy)

Authenticity is a concept in psychology (in particular existential psychiatry) as well as existentialist philosophy and aesthetics (in regard to various arts and musical genres).

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Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.

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BBC Radio 4

BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history.

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The Beatitudes are eight blessings recounted by Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew.

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Being and Nothingness

Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology (L'Être et le néant: Essai d'ontologie phénoménologique), sometimes published with the subtitle A Phenomenological Essay on Ontology, is a 1943 book by the philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, in which the author asserts the individual's existence as prior to the individual's essence ("existence precedes essence") and seeks to demonstrate that free will exists.

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Being and Time

Being and Time (Sein und Zeit) is a 1927 book by the German philosopher Martin Heidegger, in which the author seeks to analyse the concept of Being.

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Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson

Bjørnstjerne Martinius Bjørnson (8 December 1832 – 26 April 1910) was a Norwegian writer who received the 1903 Nobel Prize in Literature "as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit", becoming the first Norwegian Nobel laureate.

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Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal (19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic theologian.

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Calendar of saints

The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.

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Calendar of saints (Lutheran)

The Lutheran Calendar of Saints is a listing which specifies the primary annual festivals and events that are celebrated liturgically by some Lutheran Churches in the United States.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Carl Rogers

Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, 1902 – February 4, 1987) was an American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach (or client-centered approach) to psychology.

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Cataphatic theology

Cataphatic theology or kataphatic theology is theology that uses "positive" terminology to describe or refer to the divine – specifically, God – i.e. terminology that describes or refers to what the divine is believed to be, in contrast to the "negative" terminology used in apophatic theology to indicate what it is believed the divine is not.

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Cato the Younger

Marcus Porcius Cato Uticensis (95 BC – April 46 BC), commonly known as Cato the Younger (Cato Minor) to distinguish him from his great-grandfather (Cato the Elder), was a statesman in the late Roman Republic, and a follower of the Stoic philosophy.

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Certainty is perfect knowledge that has total security from error, or the mental state of being without doubt.

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Charles Williams (British writer)

Charles Walter Stansby Williams (20 September 1886 – 15 May 1945) was a British poet, novelist, playwright, theologian, literary critic, and member of the Inklings.

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Christendom has several meanings.

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Christian apologetics

Christian apologetics (ἀπολογία, "verbal defence, speech in defence") is a branch of Christian theology that attempts to defend Christianity against objections.

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Christian Church

"Christian Church" is an ecclesiological term generally used by Protestants to refer to the whole group of people belonging to Christianity throughout the history of Christianity.

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Christian Discourses

Christian Discourses (Christelige Taler) is one of the first books in Søren Kierkegaard's second period of authorship and was published on April 26, 1848.

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Christian ethics

Christian ethics is a branch of Christian theology that defines virtuous behavior and wrong behavior from a Christian perspective.

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Christian existentialism

Christian existentialism is a theo-philosophical movement which takes an existentialist approach to Christian theology.

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Christian philosophy

Christian philosophy is a development in philosophy that is characterised by coming from a Christian tradition.

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Christian psychology

Christian psychology is a merger of theology and psychology.

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Christian Wolff (philosopher)

Christian Wolff (less correctly Wolf,; also known as Wolfius; ennobled as Christian Freiherr von Wolff; 24 January 1679 – 9 April 1754) was a German philosopher.

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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Christoph Schrempf

Christoph Schrempf (April 28, 1860 – February 13, 1944) was a German evangelical theologian and philosopher.

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Church of Denmark

The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark or National Church, sometimes called Church of Denmark (Den Danske Folkekirke or Folkekirken, literally: "the People's Church" or "the National Church"), is the established, state-supported church in Denmark.

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Church of Our Lady (Copenhagen)

The Church of Our Lady (Vor Frue Kirke) is the cathedral of Copenhagen.

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Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments

Concluding Unscientific Postscript to the Philosophical Fragments (Afsluttende uvidenskabelig Efterskrift til de philosophiske Smuler) is a major work thought to be by Søren Kierkegaard.

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Conformity is the act of matching attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to group norms.

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Continental philosophy

Continental philosophy is a set of 19th- and 20th-century philosophical traditions from mainland Europe.

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Conversation is interactive communication between two or more people.

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Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.

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Copula (linguistics)

In linguistics, a copula (plural: copulas or copulae; abbreviated) is a word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate (a subject complement), such as the word is in the sentence "The sky is blue." The word copula derives from the Latin noun for a "link" or "tie" that connects two different things.

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Cornel West

Cornel Ronald West (born June 2, 1953) is an American philosopher, political activist, social critic, author, and public intellectual.

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Corsaren (The Corsair) was a Danish language weekly satirical and political magazine published by Meïr Aron Goldschmidt, who also wrote most of its content.

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Cosmopolis: A Literary Review

Cosmopolis: A Literary Review was a multi-lingual literary magazine published between January 1896 and November 1898.

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Cultural assimilation

Cultural assimilation is the process in which a minority group or culture comes to resemble those of a dominant group.

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Daniel Taylor (writer)

Daniel Taylor (born 1948) is an American writer.

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Danish language

Danish (dansk, dansk sprog) is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status.

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Danish rigsdaler

The rigsdaler was the name of several currencies used in Denmark until 1875.

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David F. Swenson

David Ferdinand Swenson (October 29, 1876 – February 11, 1940) was an authority on the life and writings of the Danish philosopher, Søren Kierkegaard.

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David Lodge (author)

David John Lodge CBE (born 28 January 1935) is an English author and literary critic.

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De omnibus dubitandum est

De omnibus dubitandum est is a book written by Søren Kierkegaard (under the pseudonym Johannes Climacus), which translates to "everything must be doubted".

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Debate is a process that involves formal discussion on a particular topic.

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Deliberation is a process of thoughtfully weighing options, usually prior to voting.

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Denmark–Norway (Danish and Norwegian: Danmark–Norge or Danmark–Noreg; also known as the Oldenburg Monarchy or the Oldenburg realms) was an early modern multi-national and multi-lingual real unionFeldbæk 1998:11 consisting of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Norway (including Norwegian overseas possessions the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, et cetera), the Duchy of Schleswig, and the Duchy of Holstein.

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Depression (mood)

Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.

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Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Dietrich Bonhoeffer (4 February 1906 – 9 April 1945) was a German pastor, theologian, anti-Nazi dissident, and key founding member of the Confessing Church.

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Discourse (from Latin discursus, "running to and from") denotes written and spoken communications.

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Don Cupitt

Don Cupitt (born 22 May 1934 in Oldham, Lancashire) is an English philosopher of religion and scholar of Christian theology.

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Don DeLillo

Donald Richard "Don" DeLillo (born November 20, 1936) is an American novelist, playwright and essayist.

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Don Juanism

Don Juanism or Don Juan syndrome is a non-clinical term for the desire, in a man, to have sex with many different female partners.

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Doubt is a mental state in which the mind remains suspended between two or more contradictory propositions, unable to assent to any of them.

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Douglas V. Steere

Douglas Van Steere (1901–1995) was an American Quaker ecumenist.

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No description.

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Edifying Discourses in Diverse Spirits

Edifying Discourses in Diverse Spirits, also Upbuilding Discourses in Various Spirits was published on March 13, 1847 by Søren Kierkegaard.

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Edward Caird

Edward Caird, FBA, FRSE (23 March 1835 – 1 November 1908) was a Scottish philosopher.

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Edward Young

Edward Young (3 July 1683 – 5 April 1765) was an English poet, best remembered for Night-Thoughts.

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Eighteen Upbuilding Discourses

The Eighteen Upbuilding Discourses (Opbyggelige Taler), sometimes called the Eighteen Edifying Discourses, is a collection of discourses produced by Søren Kierkegaard during the years of 1843 and 1844.

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Either/Or (Danish: Enten – Eller) is the first published work of the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard.

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Emanuel Hirsch

Emanuel Hirsch (14 June 1888 in Bentwisch, Province of Brandenburg – 17 July 1972 in Göttingen) was a German Protestant theologian and also a member of the Nazi Party and the Nazi supporting body.

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Emanuel Swedenborg

Emanuel Swedenborg ((born Emanuel Swedberg; 29 January 1688 – 29 March 1772) was a Swedish Lutheran theologian, scientist, philosopher, revelator and mystic who inspired Swedenborgianism. He is best known for his book on the afterlife, Heaven and Hell (1758). Swedenborg had a prolific career as an inventor and scientist. In 1741, at 53, he entered into a spiritual phase in which he began to experience dreams and visions, beginning on Easter Weekend, on 6 April 1744. It culminated in a 'spiritual awakening' in which he received a revelation that he was appointed by the Lord Jesus Christ to write The Heavenly Doctrine to reform Christianity. According to The Heavenly Doctrine, the Lord had opened Swedenborg's spiritual eyes so that from then on, he could freely visit heaven and hell and talk with angels, demons and other spirits and the Last Judgment had already occurred the year before, in 1757. For the last 28 years of his life, Swedenborg wrote 18 published theological works—and several more that were unpublished. He termed himself a "Servant of the Lord Jesus Christ" in True Christian Religion, which he published himself. Some followers of The Heavenly Doctrine believe that of his theological works, only those that were published by Swedenborg himself are fully divinely inspired.

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Emil Brunner

Heinrich Emil Brunner (born December 23, 1889 in Winterthur, Switzerland; died April 6, 1966 in Zurich, Switzerland) was a Swiss Protestant (Reformed) theologian.

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Emmanuel Levinas

Emmanuel Levinas (12 January 1906 – 25 December 1995) was a French philosopher of Lithuanian Jewish ancestry who is known for his work related to Jewish philosophy, existentialism, ethics, phenomenology and ontology.

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Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.

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Epistemological anarchism

Epistemological anarchism is an epistemological theory advanced by Austrian philosopher of science Paul Feyerabend which holds that there are no useful and exception-free methodological rules governing the progress of science or the growth of knowledge.

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Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge.

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Erich Fromm

Erich Seligmann Fromm (March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980) was a German-born American social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist.

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Ernest Becker

Ernest Becker (September 27, 1924 – March 6, 1974) was a Jewish-American cultural anthropologist and writer.

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Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.

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The Eucharist (also called Holy Communion or the Lord's Supper, among other names) is a Christian rite that is considered a sacrament in most churches and an ordinance in others.

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Existence of God

The existence of God is a subject of debate in the philosophy of religion and popular culture.

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Existential crisis

An existential crisis is a moment at which an individual questions if their life has meaning, purpose, or value.

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Existential therapy

Existential psychotherapy is a form of psychotherapy that, like the existential philosophy which underlies it, is founded upon the belief that human existence is best understood through an in-depth examination of our own experiences.

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Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.

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Existentialism Is a Humanism

Existentialism Is a Humanism (L'existentialisme est un humanisme) is a 1946 work by the philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, based on a lecture by the same name he gave at Club Maintenant in Paris, on 29 October 1945.

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In the context of religion, one can define faith as confidence or trust in a particular system of religious belief, within which faith may equate to confidence based on some perceived degree of warrant, in contrast to the general sense of faith being a belief without evidence.

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Fear and Trembling

Fear and Trembling (original Danish title: Frygt og Bæven) is a philosophical work by Søren Kierkegaard, published in 1843 under the pseudonym Johannes de silentio (John of the Silence).

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Feeling is the nominalization of the verb to feel.

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Ferdinand Ebner

Ferdinand Ebner (January 31, 1882 in Wiener Neustadt – October 17, 1931 in Gablitz, Austria), was an Austrian elementary school teacher and philosopher.

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First Epistle of Peter

The First Epistle of Peter, usually referred to simply as First Peter and often written 1 Peter, is a book of the New Testament.

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Flannery O'Connor

Mary Flannery O'Connor (March 25, 1925August 3, 1964) was an American novelist, short story writer and essayist.

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For Self-Examination

For Self-Examination (subtitle: Recommended to the Present Age; Til Selvprøvelse Samtiden anbefalet) is a work by Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard.

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Forgiveness is the intentional and voluntary process by which a victim undergoes a change in feelings and attitude regarding an offense, lets go of negative emotions such as vengefulness, forswears recompense from or punishment of the offender, however legally or morally justified it might be, and with an increased ability to wish the offender well.

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Four Upbuilding Discourses, 1843

Four Upbuilding Discourses (1843) is a book by Søren Kierkegaard.

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Four Upbuilding Discourses, 1844

Four Upbuilding Discourses (1844) is the last of the Eighteen Upbuilding Discourses published during the years 1843–1844 by Søren Kierkegaard.

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Franz Kafka

Franz Kafka (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-speaking Bohemian Jewish novelist and short story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature.

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Franz Rosenzweig

Franz Rosenzweig (December 25, 1886 – December 10, 1929) was a German Jewish theologian, philosopher, and translator.

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Frederiks Hospital

The royal Frederiks Hospital was Denmark's first hospital in the present-day meaning of the word.

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Friedrich Engels

Friedrich Engels (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.;, sometimes anglicised Frederick Engels; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist and businessman.

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Friedrich Gogarten

Friedrich Gogarten (January 13, 1887 – October 16, 1967) was a Lutheran theologian, co-founder of dialectical theology in Germany in the early 20th century.

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Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.

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Friedrich Schleiermacher

Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (November 21, 1768 – February 12, 1834) was a German theologian, philosopher, and biblical scholar known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional Protestant Christianity.

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Friedrich von Hügel

Friedrich von Hügel (born Friedrich Maria Aloys Franz Karl Freiherr von Hügel, usually known as Baron von Hügel; 5 May 1852 – 27 January 1925) was an influential Austrian Roman Catholic layman, religious writer, Modernist theologian and Christian apologist.

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Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (27 January 1775 – 20 August 1854), later (after 1812) von Schelling, was a German philosopher.

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Fruit of the Holy Spirit

The Fruit of the Holy Spirit is a biblical term that sums up nine attributes of a person or community living in accord with the Holy Spirit, according to chapter 5 of the Epistle to the Galatians: "But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control." The fruit is contrasted with the works of the flesh which immediately precede it in this chapter.

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Fyodor Dostoevsky

Fyodor Mikhailovich DostoevskyHis name has been variously transcribed into English, his first name sometimes being rendered as Theodore or Fedor.

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Gabriel Marcel

Gabriel Honoré Marcel (7 December 1889 – 8 October 1973) was a French philosopher, playwright, music critic and leading Christian existentialist.

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A generation is "all of the people born and living at about the same time, regarded collectively." It can also be described as, "the average period, generally considered to be about thirty years, during which children are born and grow up, become adults, and begin to have children of their own." In kinship terminology, it is a structural term designating the parent-child relationship.

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Georg Brandes

Georg Brandes (4 February 1842 – 19 February 1927), born Morris Cohen, was a Danish critic and scholar who greatly influenced Scandinavian and European literature from the 1870s through the turn of the 20th century.

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Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher and the most important figure of German idealism.

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Goethe's Faust

Faust is a tragic play in two parts by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, usually known in English as Faust, Part One and Faust, Part Two.

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Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.

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Google Doodle

A Google Doodle is a special, temporary alteration of the logo on Google's homepages that commemorates holidays, events, achievements, and people.

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Gotthold Ephraim Lessing

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (22 January 1729 – 15 February 1781) was a German writer, philosopher, dramatist, publicist and art critic, and one of the most outstanding representatives of the Enlightenment era.

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Grace in Christianity

In Western Christian theology, grace has been defined, not as a created substance of any kind, but as "the love and mercy given to us by God because God desires us to have it, not necessarily because of anything we have done to earn it", "Grace is favour, the free and undeserved help that God gives us to respond to his call to become children of God, adoptive sons, partakers of the divine nature and of eternal life." It is understood by Christians to be a spontaneous gift from God to people "generous, free and totally unexpected and undeserved" – that takes the form of divine favor, love, clemency, and a share in the divine life of God.

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Hamza Yusuf

Shaykh Hamza Yusuf (born January 1, 1960) is an American Islamic scholar, and is co-founder of Zaytuna College.

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Hans Christian Andersen

Hans Christian Andersen (2 April 1805 – 4 August 1875) was a Danish author.

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Hans Lassen Martensen

Hans Lassen Martensen (August 19, 1808 – February 3, 1884) was a Danish bishop and academic.

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Harald Høffding

Harald Høffding (11 March 1843 – 2 July 1931) was a Danish philosopher and theologian.

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Henrik Ibsen

Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet.

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Henry Thomas Buckle

Henry Thomas Buckle (24 November 1821 – 29 May 1862) was an English historian, the author of an unfinished History of Civilization, and a strong amateur chess player.

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Heraclitus of Ephesus (Hērákleitos ho Ephésios) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, and a native of the city of Ephesus, then part of the Persian Empire.

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Hermann Hesse

Hermann Karl Hesse (2 July 1877 – 9 August 1962) was a German-born poet, novelist, and painter.

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Hilary Putnam

Hilary Whitehall Putnam (July 31, 1926 – March 13, 2016) was an American philosopher, mathematician, and computer scientist, and a major figure in analytic philosophy in the second half of the 20th century.

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Hong Kierkegaard Library

The Howard V. and Edna H. Hong Kierkegaard Library is a research collection dedicated to the work of the 19th-century Danish philosopher and theologian Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855), housed at St. Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota.

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Hugo Bergmann

Samuel (Schmuel) Hugo Bergman(n), or Samuel Bergman (Hebrew: שמואל הוגו ברגמן; December 25, 1883 – June 18, 1975) was an Israeli philosopher.

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Hurrell Froude

Richard Hurrell Froude (25 March 1803 – 28 February 1836) was an Anglican priest and an early leader of the Oxford Movement.

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In philosophy, idealism is the group of metaphysical philosophies that assert that reality, or reality as humans can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial.

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Imagination is the capacity to produce images, ideas and sensations in the mind without any immediate input of the senses (such as seeing or hearing).

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Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.

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In Our Time (radio series)

In Our Time is a live BBC radio discussion series exploring the history of ideas, presented by Melvyn Bragg since 15 October 1998.

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Infinite qualitative distinction

The infinite qualitative distinction (den uendelige kvalitative forskel; unendliche qualitative Unterschied), sometimes translated as infinite qualitative difference, is a concept coined by the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard.

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Ingmar Bergman

Ernst Ingmar Bergman (14 July 1918 – 30 July 2007) was a Swedish director, writer, and producer who worked in film, television, theatre and radio.

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The Inklings were an informal literary discussion group associated with the University of Oxford, England, for nearly two decades between the early 1930s and late 1949.

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Irony, in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what appears, on the surface, to be the case, differs radically from what is actually the case.

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According to the biblical Book of Genesis, Isaac (إسحٰق/إسحاق) was the son of Abraham and Sarah and father of Jacob; his name means "he will laugh", reflecting when Sarah laughed in disbelief when told that she would have a child.

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J. D. Salinger

Jerome David "J.

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Jacob Burckhardt

Carl Jacob Christoph Burckhardt (May 25, 1818 – August 8, 1897) was a Swiss historian of art and culture and an influential figure in the historiography of both fields.

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Jacob Peter Mynster

Jacob Peter Mynster (8 November 1775 – 30 January 1854) was a Danish theologian and Bishop of Zealand, Denmark from 1834 until his death.

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Jacques Ellul

Jacques Ellul (January 6, 1912 – May 19, 1994) was a French philosopher, sociologist, lay theologian, and professor who was a noted Christian anarchist.

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Jakob Böhme

Jakob Böhme (1575 – 17 November 1624) was a German philosopher, Christian mystic, and Lutheran Protestant theologian.

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Jean Wahl

Jean André Wahl (25 May 188819 June 1974) was a French philosopher.

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Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.

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Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

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Jesus healing the bleeding woman

Jesus healing the bleeding woman (or "woman with an issue of blood" and other variants) is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels (Matthew 9:20–22, Mark 5:25–34, Luke 8:43–48).

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Johan Ludvig Heiberg (poet)

Johan Ludvig Heiberg (14 December 1791 – 25 August 1860), Danish poet, playwright, literary critic, literary historian son of the political writer Peter Andreas Heiberg (1758–1841), and of the novelist, afterwards the Baroness Gyllembourg-Ehrensvärd, was born in Copenhagen.

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Johann Georg Hamann

Johann Georg Hamann (27 August 1730 – 21 June 1788) was a German philosopher, whose work was used by his student J. G. Herder as a main support of the Sturm und Drang movement, and associated by historian of ideas Isaiah Berlin with the Counter-Enlightenment.

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Johann Gottlieb Fichte

Johann Gottlieb Fichte (May 19, 1762 – January 27, 1814), was a German philosopher who became a founding figure of the philosophical movement known as German idealism, which developed from the theoretical and ethical writings of Immanuel Kant.

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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.

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Johanne Luise Heiberg

Johanne Luise Heiberg (née Pätges; 22 November 1812 – 21 December 1890) was a Danish actress of the 19th century.

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Johannes Møllehave

Johannes Volf Møllehave (born 4 January 1937) is a Danish priest, author and lecturer.

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John Climacus

Saint John Climacus (Ἰωάννης τῆς Κλίμακος; Ioannes Climacus), also known as John of the Ladder, John Scholasticus and John Sinaites, was a 6th-7th-century Christian monk at the monastery on Mount Sinai.

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John Daniel Wild

John Daniel Wild (April 10, 1902 – October 23, 1972) was a twentieth-century American philosopher.

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John Nelson Darby

John Nelson Darby (18 November 1800 – 29 April 1882) was an Anglo-Irish Bible teacher, one of the influential figures among the original Plymouth Brethren and the founder of the Exclusive Brethren.

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John Updike

John Hoyer Updike (March 18, 1932 – January 27, 2009) was an American novelist, poet, short story writer, art critic, and literary critic.

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Jon Stewart (philosopher)

Jon B. Stewart is an American philosopher and historian of philosophy.

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Jorge Luis Borges

Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo (24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986) was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator, and a key figure in Spanish-language literature.

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Judeo-Christian is a term that groups Judaism and Christianity, either in reference to Christianity's derivation from Judaism, both religions common use of the Torah, or due to perceived parallels or commonalities shared values between those two religions, which has contained as part of Western culture.

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Judge for Yourselves!

Judge for Yourselves! (subtitle: For Self-Examination, Recommended to the Present Age, Second Series) is a work by Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard.

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Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.

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Karl Barth

Karl Barth (–) was a Swiss Reformed theologian who is often regarded as the greatest Protestant theologian of the twentieth century.

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Karl Jaspers

Karl Theodor Jaspers (23 February 1883 – 26 February 1969) was a German-Swiss psychiatrist and philosopher who had a strong influence on modern theology, psychiatry, and philosophy.

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Karl Marx

Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.

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Karl Popper

Sir Karl Raimund Popper (28 July 1902 – 17 September 1994) was an Austrian-British philosopher and professor.

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Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann

Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann (23 February 1842 – 5 June 1906) was a German philosopher, author of Philosophy of the Unconscious (1869).

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Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel

Karl Wilhelm Friedrich (after 1814: von) Schlegel (10 March 1772 – 12 January 1829), usually cited as Friedrich Schlegel, was a German poet, literary critic, philosopher, philologist and Indologist.

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Knight of faith

The knight of faith is an individual who has placed complete faith in himself and in God and can act freely and independently from the world.

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Know thyself

The Ancient Greek aphorism "know thyself" (Greek: γνῶθι σεαυτόν, transliterated: gnōthi seauton; also... … sauton with the ε contracted), is one of the Delphic maxims and was inscribed in the pronaos (forecourt) of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi according to the Greek writer Pausanias (10.24.1).

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Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.

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Leap of faith

A leap of faith, in its most commonly used meaning, is the act of believing in or accepting something outside the boundaries of reason.

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Lee M. Hollander

Lee Milton Hollander (November 8, 1880 – October 19, 1972), in Edgar C. Polomé, ed., Old Norse Literature and Mythology: A Symposium, Austin: University of Texas, 1969,, pp.

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Leo Tolstoy

Count Lyov (also Lev) Nikolayevich Tolstoy (also Лев) Николаевич ТолстойIn Tolstoy's day, his name was written Левъ Николаевичъ Толстой.

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Lev Shestov

Lev Isaakovich Shestov (Лев Исаа́кович Шесто́в, 1866 – 1938), born Yeguda Leib Shvartsman (Иегуда Лейб Шварцман), was a Russian existentialist philosopher, known for his "Philosophy of Despair".

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List of historians

This is a list of historians.

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Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.

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Ludvig Holberg

Ludvig Holberg, Baron of Holberg (3 December 1684 – 28 January 1754) was a writer, essayist, philosopher, historian and playwright born in Bergen, Norway, during the time of the Dano-Norwegian dual monarchy.

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Ludwig Binswanger

Ludwig Binswanger (13 April 1881 – 5 February 1966) was a Swiss psychiatrist and pioneer in the field of existential psychology.

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Ludwig Wittgenstein

Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language.

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Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

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Magnús Eiríksson

Magnús Eiríksson (22 June 1806 in Skinnalón (Norður-Þingeyjarsýsla), Iceland – 3 July 1881 in Copenhagen, Denmark) was an Icelandic theologian and a contemporary critic of Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (1813–1855) and Hans Lassen Martensen (1808–1884) in Copenhagen.

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Martin Buber

Martin Buber (מרטין בובר; Martin Buber; מארטין בובער; February 8, 1878 – June 13, 1965) was an Austrian-born Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a form of existentialism centered on the distinction between the I–Thou relationship and the I–It relationship.

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Martin Heidegger

Martin Heidegger (26 September 188926 May 1976) was a German philosopher and a seminal thinker in the Continental tradition and philosophical hermeneutics, and is "widely acknowledged to be one of the most original and important philosophers of the 20th century." Heidegger is best known for his contributions to phenomenology and existentialism, though as the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy cautions, "his thinking should be identified as part of such philosophical movements only with extreme care and qualification".

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Martin Luther

Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.

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Master of Arts

A Master of Arts (Magister Artium; abbreviated MA; also Artium Magister, abbreviated AM) is a person who was admitted to a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named Master of Arts in colloquial speech.

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Matthew 6

Matthew 6 is the sixth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament.

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Matthew 6:28

Matthew 6:28 is the twenty-eighth verse of the sixth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount.

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Matthew 6:33

Matthew 6:33 is the thirty-third verse of the sixth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount.

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Maundy Thursday

Maundy Thursday (also known as Holy Thursday, Covenant Thursday, Great and Holy Thursday, Sheer Thursday, and Thursday of Mysteries, among other names) is the Christian holy day falling on the Thursday before Easter.

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Max Klinger

Max Klinger (18 February 1857 – 5 July 1920) was a German symbolist painter, sculptor, printmaker, and writer.

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Meïr Aron Goldschmidt

Meïr Aron Goldschmidt (October 26, 1819 – August 15, 1887) was a Danish publisher, journalist and novelist with a Jewish background.

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Mediation (Marxist theory and media studies)

Mediation (Vermittlung) in Marxist theory refers to the reconciliation of two opposing forces within a given society (i.e. the cultural and material realms, or the superstructure and base) by a mediating object.

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Melvyn Bragg

Melvyn Bragg, Baron Bragg, (born 6 October 1939), is an English broadcaster, author and parliamentarian.

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Mercy (Middle English, from Anglo-French merci, from Medieval Latin merced-, merces, from Latin, "price paid, wages", from merc-, merxi "merchandise") is a broad term that refers to benevolence, forgiveness, and kindness in a variety of ethical, religious, social, and legal contexts.

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A metaphor is a figure of speech that directly refers to one thing by mentioning another for rhetorical effect.

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Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of being, existence, and reality.

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Miguel de Unamuno

Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo (29 September 1864 – 31 December 1936) was a Spanish Basque essayist, novelist, poet, playwright, philosopher, professor of Greek and Classics, and later rector at the University of Salamanca.

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Mikhail Bakunin

Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin (– 1 July 1876) was a Russian revolutionary anarchist and founder of collectivist anarchism.

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Modernity, a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period (the modern era), as well as the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms, attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of Renaissance, in the "Age of Reason" of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century "Enlightenment".

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Morality (from) is the differentiation of intentions, decisions and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper.

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Moravian Church

The Moravian Church, formally named the Unitas Fratrum (Latin for "Unity of the Brethren"), in German known as Brüdergemeine (meaning "Brethren's Congregation from Herrnhut", the place of the Church's renewal in the 18th century), is one of the oldest Protestant denominations in the world with its heritage dating back to the Bohemian Reformation in the fifteenth century and the Unity of the Brethren (Czech: Jednota bratrská) established in the Kingdom of Bohemia.

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Mortimer J. Adler

Mortimer Jerome Adler (December 28, 1902 – June 28, 2001) was an American philosopher, educator, and popular author.

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Morton White

Morton White (April 29, 1917 – May 27, 2016) was an American philosopher and historian of ideas.

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N. F. S. Grundtvig

Nikolaj Frederik Severin Grundtvig (8 September 1783 – 2 September 1872), most often referred to as N. F. S. Grundtvig, was a Danish pastor, author, poet, philosopher, historian, teacher and politician.

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Nader El-Bizri

Nader El-Bizri (نادر البزري, nādir al-bizrĩ) is a professor of philosophy and civilization studies at the American University of Beirut, where he also serves as associate dean of the faculty of arts and sciences, and as the director of the general education program.

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National Book Award

The National Book Awards are a set of annual U.S. literary awards.

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National Book Foundation

The National Book Foundation (NBF) is an American nonprofit organization established "to raise the cultural appreciation of great writing in America".

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Nørrebro is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark.

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Neo-orthodoxy, in Christianity, also known as theology of crisis and dialectical theology, was a theological movement developed in the aftermath of the First World War.

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Niels Christian Kierkegaard

Niels Christian Kierkegaard (24 September 1806 - 14 August 1882) was a Danish draftsman and lithographer.

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Nikolai Berdyaev

Nikolai Alexandrovich Berdyaev (Никола́й Алекса́ндрович Бердя́ев; – March 24, 1948) was a Russian political and also Christian religious philosopher who emphasized the existential spiritual significance of human freedom and the human person.

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On the Concept of Irony with Continual Reference to Socrates

On the Concept of Irony with Continual Reference to Socrates (Om Begrebet Ironi med stadigt Hensyn til Socrates) is Søren Kierkegaard's 1841 doctoral thesis under.

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An opinion is a judgment, viewpoint, or statement that is not conclusive.

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Organized religion

Organized religion (or organised religion—see spelling differences), also known as institutional religion, is religion in which belief systems and rituals are systematically arranged and formally established.

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Oscar Levy

Oscar Ludwig Levy (28 March 1867 – 13 August 1946) was a German Jewish physician and writer, now known as a scholar of Friedrich Nietzsche, whose works he first saw translated systematically into English.

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Otto Pfleiderer

Otto Pfleiderer (1 September 1839 – 18 July 1908) was a German Protestant theologian.

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Otto Rank

Otto Rank (né Rosenfeld; April 22, 1884 – October 31, 1939) was an Austrian psychoanalyst, writer, and teacher.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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Pantheism is the belief that reality is identical with divinity, or that all-things compose an all-encompassing, immanent god.

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A parable is a succinct, didactic story, in prose or verse that illustrates one or more instructive lessons or principles.

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Parable of the Good Samaritan

The parable of the Good Samaritan is a parable told by Jesus in the Gospel of Luke It is about a traveler who is stripped of clothing, beaten, and left half dead alongside the road.

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Parmenides of Elea (Παρμενίδης ὁ Ἐλεάτης) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Elea in Magna Graecia (Greater Greece, included Southern Italy).

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Passion (emotion)

Passion (Greek πασχω and late Latin (Christian theology) pati: "suffer") is a feeling of intense enthusiasm towards or compelling desire for someone or something.

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Pathos (plural: pathea;, for "suffering" or "experience"; adjectival form: 'pathetic' from παθητικός) represents an appeal to the emotions of the audience, and elicits feelings that already reside in them.

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Paul Arthur Schilpp

Paul Arthur Schilpp (February 6, 1897 – September 6, 1993) was an American educator.

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Paul Feyerabend

Paul Karl Feyerabend (January 13, 1924 – February 11, 1994) was an Austrian-born philosopher of science best known for his work as a professor of philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley, where he worked for three decades (1958–1989).

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Paul Tillich

Paul Johannes Tillich (August 20, 1886 – October 22, 1965) was a German-American Christian existentialist philosopher and Lutheran Protestant theologian who is widely regarded as one of the most influential theologians of the twentieth century.

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Peace is the concept of harmony and the absence of hostility.

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Peder Ludvig Møller

Peder Ludvig Møller (18 April 1814 in Aalborg, Denmark – 8 December in Sotteville-Lès-Rouen, France, 1865) was a Danish literary critic.

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Penguin Great Ideas

Penguin Great Ideas is a series of largely non-fiction books published by Penguin Books.

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Penitent thief

The Penitent Thief, also known as the Good Thief or the Thief on the Cross, is one of two unnamed persons mentioned in a version of the Crucifixion of Jesus in the New Testament.

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Percy Bysshe Shelley

Percy Bysshe Shelley (4 August 17928 July 1822) was one of the major English Romantic poets, and is regarded by some as among the finest lyric and philosophical poets in the English language, and one of the most influential.

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Personality psychology

Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and its variation among individuals.

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Peter Kierkegaard

Peter Christian Kierkegaard (6 July 1805 – 24 February 1888), was a Danish theologian, politician and Lutheran bishop of Aalborg from 1857 until 1875, and brother of Søren Kierkegaard.

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Phenomenology (philosophy)

Phenomenology (from Greek phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.

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A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.

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Philosophical Fragments

Philosophical Fragments (Danish title: Philosophiske Smuler eller En Smule Philosophi) is a Christian philosophical work written by Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard in 1844.

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Philosophy of dialogue

Philosophy of dialogue is a type of philosophy based on the work of the Austrian-born Jewish philosopher Martin Buber best known through its classic presentation in his 1923 book I and Thou.

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Philosophy of religion

Philosophy of religion is "the philosophical examination of the central themes and concepts involved in religious traditions." These sorts of philosophical discussion are ancient, and can be found in the earliest known manuscripts concerning philosophy.

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Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

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Poetry (the term derives from a variant of the Greek term, poiesis, "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.

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A polemic is contentious rhetoric that is intended to support a specific position by aggressive claims and undermining of the opposing position.

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Post-structuralism is associated with the works of a series of mid-20th-century French, continental philosophers and critical theorists who came to be known internationally in the 1960s and 1970s.

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Postmodern theology

Postmodern theology—also known as the continental philosophy of religion—is a philosophical and theological movement that interprets theology in light of post-Heideggerian continental philosophy, including phenomenology, post-structuralism, and deconstruction.

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Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.

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Pott disease

Pott disease or Pott's disease is a form of tuberculosis that occurs outside the lungs whereby disease is seen in the vertebrae.

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Poul Martin Møller

Poul Martin Møller (21 March 1794 – 13 March 1838) was a Danish academic, writer, and poet.

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Practice in Christianity

Practice in Christianity (also Training in Christianity) is a work by 19th century theologian Søren Kierkegaard.

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Praxis (process)

Praxis (from translit) is the process by which a theory, lesson, or skill is enacted, embodied, or realized.

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Prayer is an invocation or act that seeks to activate a rapport with an object of worship, typically a deity, through deliberate communication.

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Prefaces is a book by Søren Kierkegaard published under the pseudonym Nicolaus Notabene.

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Present age

The term "present age" is a concept in the philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard.

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In the branch of linguistics known as pragmatics, a presupposition (or PSP) is an implicit assumption about the world or background belief relating to an utterance whose truth is taken for granted in discourse.

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Princeton University Press

Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.

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A pseudonym or alias is a name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which can differ from their first or true name (orthonym).

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Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

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Public speaking

Public speaking (also called oratory or oration) is the process or act of performing a speech to a live audience.

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Pulitzer Prize

The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.

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Rainer Maria Rilke

René Karl Wilhelm Johann Josef Maria Rilke (4 December 1875 – 29 December 1926), better known as Rainer Maria Rilke, was a Bohemian-Austrian poet and novelist.

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Regine Olsen

Regine Schlegel (née Olsen; January 23, 1822 – March 18, 1904) was a Danish woman who was engaged to the philosopher and theologian Søren Kierkegaard from September 1840 to October 1841.

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Religious Studies (journal)

Religious Studies is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Cambridge University Press.

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René Descartes

René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: "Cartesian"; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.

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Repetition (Kierkegaard book)

Repetition (Gentagelsen) is an 1843 book by Søren Kierkegaard and published under the pseudonym Constantin Constantius to mirror its titular theme.

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Rollo May

Rollo Reese May (April 21, 1909 – October 22, 1994) was an American existential psychologist and author of the influential book Love and Will (1969).

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Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

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Royal Danish Theatre

The Royal Danish Theatre (RDT, Danish: Det Kongelige Teater) is both the national Danish performing arts institution and a name used to refer to its old purpose-built venue from 1874 located on Kongens Nytorv in Copenhagen.

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Rudolf Bultmann

Rudolf Karl Bultmann (20 August 1884 – 30 July 1976) was a German Lutheran theologian and professor of New Testament at the University of Marburg.

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Sacred tradition

Sacred Tradition, or Holy Tradition, is a theological term used in some Christian traditions, primarily those claiming apostolic succession such as the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Assyrian, and Anglican traditions, to refer to the foundation of the doctrinal and spiritual authority of the Christian Church and of the Bible.

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Samuel Barber

Samuel Osborne Barber II (March 9, 1910 – January 23, 1981) was an American composer of orchestral, opera, choral, and piano music.

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Søren Kierkegaard bibliography

This article is a list of works by Søren Kierkegaard.

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Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.

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Scholarly method

The scholarly method or scholarship is the body of principles and practices used by scholars to make their claims about the world as valid and trustworthy as possible, and to make them known to the scholarly public.

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Scientific demonstration

A scientific demonstration is a scientific experiment carried out for the purposes of demonstrating scientific principles, rather than for hypothesis testing or knowledge gathering (although they may originally have been carried out for these purposes).

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Sea of Faith (TV series)

Sea of Faith was a six-part documentary television series, presented on BBC television in 1984 by Don Cupitt.

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Secretary desk

A secretary desk or escritoire is made of a base of wide drawers topped by a desk with a hinged desktop surface, which is in turn topped by a bookcase usually closed with a pair of doors, often made of glass.

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Human self-reflection is the capacity of humans to exercise introspection and the willingness to learn more about their fundamental nature, purpose and essence.

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A sermon is an oration, lecture, or talk by a member of a religious institution or clergy.

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Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

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Simeon Stylites

Saint Simeon Stylites or Symeon the Stylite (ܫܡܥܘܢ ܕܐܣܛܘܢܐ, Koine Greek Συμεών ὁ στυλίτης, سمعان العمودي) (c. 390? – 2 September 459) was a Syriac ascetic saint who achieved notability for living 37 years on a small platform on top of a pillar near Aleppo (in modern Syria).

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Social criticism

The term social criticism often refers to a mode of criticism that locates the reasons for malicious conditions in a society considered to be in a flawed social structure.

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Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.

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Socrates (Sōkrátēs,; – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought.

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Speculative reason

Speculative reason or pure reason is theoretical (or logical, deductive) thought (sometimes called theoretical reason), as opposed to practical (active, willing) thought.

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A spirit is a supernatural being, often but not exclusively a non-physical entity; such as a ghost, fairy, or angel.

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Traditionally, spirituality refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man," oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.

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Stages on Life's Way

Stages on Life's Way (Stadier på Livets Vej; historical orthography: Stadier paa Livets Vej) is a philosophical work by Søren Kierkegaard written in 1845.

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Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) combines an online encyclopedia of philosophy with peer-reviewed publication of original papers in philosophy, freely accessible to Internet users.

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In psychology, temperament broadly refers to consistent individual differences in behavior that are biologically based and are relatively independent of learning, system of values and attitudes.

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Tetsuro Watsuji

(March 1, 1889 – December 26, 1960) was a Japanese moral philosopher, cultural historian, and intellectual historian.

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The Concept of Anxiety

The Concept of Anxiety (Begrebet Angest): A Simple Psychologically Orienting Deliberation on the Dogmatic Issue of Hereditary Sin, is a philosophical work written by Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard in 1844.

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The Crisis and a Crisis in the Life of an Actress

The Crisis and a Crisis in the Life of an Actress (Krisen og en Krise i en Skuespillerindes Liv) was a series of articles written by the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard in 1847 and published in the Danish newspaper Fædrelandet (The Fatherland) in 1848 under the pseudonym Inter et Inter.

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The Denial of Death

The Denial of Death is a 1973 work of psychology and philosophy by Ernest Becker.

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The Epistle to the Romans (Barth)

The Epistle to the Romans (Der Römerbrief) is a commentary by Swiss theologian Karl Barth on the New Testament Epistle to the Romans.

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The Federalist Papers

The Federalist (later known as The Federalist Papers) is a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pseudonym "Publius" to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution.

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The Phenomenology of Spirit

The Phenomenology of Spirit (Phänomenologie des Geistes) (1807) is Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's most widely discussed philosophical work.

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The Point of View of My Work as an Author

The Point of View For my Work as an Author (subtitle: A Direct Communication, Report to History) is an autobiographical account of the 19th century Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard's use of his pseudonyms.

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The Sickness Unto Death

The Sickness Unto Death (Sygdommen til Døden) is a book written by Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard in 1849 under the pseudonym Anti-Climacus.

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Theodor Haecker

Theodor Haecker (June 4, 1879 in Eberbach, Grand Duchy of Baden - April 9, 1945 in Ustersbach) was a German writer, translator and cultural critic.

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Theodor W. Adorno

Theodor W. Adorno (born Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund; September 11, 1903 – August 6, 1969) was a German philosopher, sociologist, and composer known for his critical theory of society.

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Theology of Søren Kierkegaard

Søren Kierkegaard's theology has been a major influence in the development of 20th century theology.

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A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.

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Thomas Henry Croxall

Thomas Henry Croxall was an English minister in Copenhagen, instrumental in translating the work of Søren Kierkegaard and introducing him to an English audience.

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Thomasine Christine Gyllembourg-Ehrensvärd

Baroness Thomasine Christine Gyllembourg-Ehrensvärd (9 November 1773 – 2 July 1856) was a Danish author, born in Copenhagen.

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Thought encompasses a “goal oriented flow of ideas and associations that leads to reality-oriented conclusion.” Although thinking is an activity of an existential value for humans, there is no consensus as to how it is defined or understood.

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Three Discourses on Imagined Occasions

Three Discourses on Imagined Occasions (1845) is a book by Søren Kierkegaard.

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Three Upbuilding Discourses, 1843

Three Upbuilding Discourses (1843) is a book by Søren Kierkegaard.

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Three Upbuilding Discourses, 1844

Three Upbuilding Discourses (1844) is a book by Søren Kierkegaard.

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Tract (literature)

A tract is a literary work, and in current usage, usually religious in nature.

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Troels Frederik Lund

Troels Frederik Troels-Lund (5 September 1840 – 12 February 1921) was a Danish historian.

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Two Ages: A Literary Review

Two Ages: A Literary Review (En literair Anmeldelse af S. Kierkegaard) is the first book in Søren Kierkegaard's second authorship and was published on March 30, 1846.

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Two Minor Ethical-Religious Essays

Two Minor Ethical-Religious Essays (original Danish title: Tvende ethisk-religieuse Smaa-Afhandlinger) is a work by the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard, under the pseudonym H.H., written in 1847 and published on May 19, 1849.

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Two Upbuilding Discourses, 1843

Two Upbuilding Discourses (1843) is a book by Søren Kierkegaard.

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Two Upbuilding Discourses, 1844

Two Upbuilding Discourses (1844) is a book by Søren Kierkegaard.

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Tycho Brahe

Tycho Brahe (born Tyge Ottesen Brahe;. He adopted the Latinized form "Tycho Brahe" (sometimes written Tÿcho) at around age fifteen. The name Tycho comes from Tyche (Τύχη, meaning "luck" in Greek, Roman equivalent: Fortuna), a tutelary deity of fortune and prosperity of ancient Greek city cults. He is now generally referred to as "Tycho," as was common in Scandinavia in his time, rather than by his surname "Brahe" (a spurious appellative form of his name, Tycho de Brahe, only appears much later). 14 December 154624 October 1601) was a Danish nobleman, astronomer, and writer known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations.

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Typhus, also known as typhus fever, is a group of infectious diseases that include epidemic typhus, scrub typhus and murine typhus.

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Understanding is a psychological process related to an abstract or physical object, such as a person, situation, or message whereby one is able to think about it and use concepts to deal adequately with that object.

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University of Copenhagen

The University of Copenhagen (UCPH) (Københavns Universitet) is the oldest university and research institution in Denmark.

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Uppsala University

Uppsala University (Uppsala universitet) is a research university in Uppsala, Sweden, and is the oldest university in Sweden and all of the Nordic countries still in operation, founded in 1477.

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Valentin Weigel

Valentin Weigel (or Weichel; 7 August 1533, in Hayn10 June 1588, in Zschopau) was a German theologian, philosopher and mystical writer, from Saxony, and an important precursor of later theosophy.

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Viktor Frankl

Viktor Emil Frankl (26 March 1905 – 2 September 1997) was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist as well as a Holocaust survivor.

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W. H. Auden

Wystan Hugh Auden (21 February 1907 – 29 September 1973) was an English-American poet.

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Walker Percy

Walker Percy, Obl.S.B. (May 28, 1916 – May 10, 1990) was an American author from Covington, Louisiana, whose interests included philosophy and semiotics.

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Walter Kaufmann (philosopher)

Walter Arnold Kaufmann (July 1, 1921 – September 4, 1980) was a German-American philosopher, translator, and poet.

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Walter Lowrie (author)

Walter Lowrie (Philadelphia, April 26, 1868 – Princeton, August 12, 1959) was a Kierkegaardian theologian and translator.

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Western philosophy

Western philosophy is the philosophical thought and work of the Western world.

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Wilhelm Stekel

Wilhelm Stekel (18 March 1868 – 25 June 1940) was an Austrian physician and psychologist, who became one of Sigmund Freud's earliest followers, and was once described as "Freud's most distinguished pupil".

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William Blake

William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker.

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William James

William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was an American philosopher and psychologist, and the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States.

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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Works of Love

Works of Love (Kjerlighedens Gjerninger) is a work by Søren Kierkegaard written in 1847.

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World Economic Forum

The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland.

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Zaytuna College

Zaytuna College (formerly known as Zaytuna Institute) is a Muslim liberal arts college located in Berkeley, California.

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1 Corinthians 8

1 Corinthians 8 is the eighth chapter of the First Epistle to the Corinthians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.

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20th century in literature

Literature of the 20th century refers to world literature produced during the 20th century (1901 to 2000).

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20th-century philosophy

20th-century philosophy saw the development of a number of new philosophical schools—including logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, and poststructuralism.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Søren_Kierkegaard

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