98 relations: Abkhazia, Active radar homing, Almaz-Antey, Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, Antaeus, Antey Concern, Anti-ballistic missile, Baku, Ballistic missile, Bavar 373, Buk missile system, Caracas, Command and control, Command guidance, Continuous track, Continuous wave, Continuous-wave radar, Crete, Crimea, Cruise missile, Cypriot S-300 crisis, Debkafile, Doppler radar, Electronic countermeasure, Fire-control system, FM broadcasting, Fuse (explosives), G-force, Georgia (country), GRAU, Infrared, Jane's Information Group, Kalinin Machine-Building Plant, Kara-class cruiser, Khmeimim Air Base, Kirov-class battlecruiser, Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, Mach number, Marine Scientific Research Institute of radioelectronics, Medium-range ballistic missile, MGM-31 Pershing, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, Missile, MKB Fakel, Moscow Oblast, NATO, NATO reporting name, Navy, NPO Almaz, NPO Novator, ..., Passive electronically scanned array, Passive radar, Phased array, Piešťany, Polyana-D4, Precision-guided munition, Probability of kill, Proximity fuze, R-17 Elbrus, Radar, Radar horizon, Russian Air Force, Russian alphabet, Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present), Russian surface-to-air missile design bureaus, S-300 missile system, S-300VM missile system, S-350E Vityaz 50R6, S-400 missile system, S-500 missile system, Semi-active radar homing, Semi-trailer truck, Short-range ballistic missile, Slava-class cruiser, Slovak Air Force, Sofia, Soviet Air Defence Forces, Soviet Union, Standard Missile, Stealth technology, Sukhoi Su-24, Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses, Surface-to-air missile, Syrian Air Defense Force, Thrust vectoring, Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design, Track-via-missile, Trajectory optimization, Transporter erector launcher, Type 051C destroyer, Ukrainian Independent Information Agency, Venezuela, Vertical launching system, Vinnytsia, Wayback Machine, Zarya, 2K11 Krug, 9K720 Iskander. Expand index (48 more) » « Shrink index
Abkhazia (Аҧсны́; აფხაზეთი; p) is a territory on the eastern coast of the Black Sea, south of the Greater Caucasus mountains, in northwestern Georgia.
Active radar homing (ARH) is a missile guidance method in which a missile contains a radar transceiver (in contrast to semi-active radar homing, which uses only a receiver) and the electronics necessary for it to find and track its target autonomously.
JSC Concern VKO "Almaz-Antey" (ОАО "Концерн ВКО "Алмаз-Антей"») is a Russian state-owned company in the arms industry, a result of a merger of Antey Corporation and NPO Almaz, unifying some of the national military enterprises, in particular, the developers of anti-aircraft defence systems. The organisation is headquartered in Moscow and is the world's 12th-largest defence contractor measured by 2013 defence revenues. In 2013, Almaz-Antey had arms sales of $8.33 billion. The Almaz-Antey group produce air defense systems, firearms for aircraft and armored vehicles, artillery shells and surface-to-surface missiles, airspace surveillance and coordination and artillery radars. The Group also manufacture civilian products such as navigation systems, air traffic systems, civil airtraffic- and weather radars, sewage cleaning systems, ventilation valves for nuclear power plants, and plastic packaging for cosmetics and food products.
The Crimean peninsula was annexed from Ukraine by the Russian Federation in February–March 2014.
Antaeus (Ἀνταῖος, Antaîos, "Opponent”, derived from ἀντάω, antao - I face, I oppose); Änti) was a figure in Greek and Berber mythology. In Greek sources, he was the half-giant son of Poseidon and Gaia. His wife was the goddess Tinge, and he had a daughter named Alceis or Barce. He was famed for his loss to Heracles as part of his 12 Labors.
Antey Concern (НПО Антей) was a defense industry company based in Moscow, Russia.
An anti-ballistic missile (ABM) is a surface-to-air missile designed to counter ballistic missiles (see missile defense).
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
A ballistic missile follows a ballistic trajectory to deliver one or more warheads on a predetermined target.
Bavar-373 (باور-۳۷۳, meaning 'Belief') is an Iranian designed long-range mobile air defense system unveiled in August, 2016.
The Buk missile system ("Бук"; “beech” (tree)) is a family of self-propelled, medium-range surface-to-air missile systems developed by the Soviet Union and its successor state, the Russian Federation, and designed to counter cruise missiles, smart bombs, fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles.
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and centre of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela.
Command and control or C2 is a "set of organizational and technical attributes and processes...
Command guidance is a type of missile guidance in which a ground station or aircraft relay signals to a guided missile via radio control or through a wire connecting the missile to the launcher and tell the missile where to steer in order to intercept its target.
Continuous track, also called tank tread or caterpillar track, is a system of vehicle propulsion in which a continuous band of treads or track plates is driven by two or more wheels.
A continuous wave or continuous waveform (CW) is an electromagnetic wave of constant amplitude and frequency, almost always a sine wave, that for mathematical analysis is considered to be of infinite duration.
Continuous-wave radar is a type of radar system where a known stable frequency continuous wave radio energy is transmitted and then received from any reflecting objects.
Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.
Crimea (Крым, Крим, Krym; Krym; translit;; translit) is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
The Cypriot S-300 crisis came to worldwide media attention between early 1997 and late 1998 as a tense and rapidly escalating political standoff between the Republic of Cyprus and the Republic of Turkey.
DEBKAfile (תיק דבקה) is an Israeli military intelligence website based in Jerusalem, providing commentary and analyses on terrorism, intelligence, national security, military and international relations, with a particular focus on the Middle East.
A Doppler radar is a specialized radar that uses the Doppler effect to produce velocity data about objects at a distance.
An electronic countermeasure (ECM) is an electrical or electronic device designed to trick or deceive radar, sonar or other detection systems, like infrared (IR) or lasers.
A fire-control system is a number of components working together, usually a gun data computer, a director, and radar, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target.
FM broadcasting is a method of radio broadcasting using frequency modulation (FM) technology.
In an explosive, pyrotechnic device, or military munition, a fuse (or fuze) is the part of the device that initiates function.
The gravitational force, or more commonly, g-force, is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes a perception of weight.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
The Main Missile and Artillery Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation (GRAU) (translit) is a department of the Russian (ex-Soviet) Ministry of Defense.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
Jane's Information Group (often referred to as Jane's) is a British publishing company specialising in military, aerospace and transportation topics.
JSC Kalinin Machine-Building Plant, ZiK or MZiK for short (Машиностроительный завод имени М.И.Калинина, ЗиК, МЗиК) is a large Soviet/Russian industrial factory, now part of Almaz-Antey holding.
The Kara class were Cold War era Soviet warships designated guided missile cruisers by NATO.
Khmeimim Air Base, also Hmeimim Air Base is a Syrian airbase currently operated by Russia, located south-east of the city of Latakia in Hmeimim, Latakia Governorate, Syria.
The Kirov-class battlecruiser is a class of nuclear-powered warship of the Russian Navy, the largest and heaviest surface combatant warships (i.e. not an aircraft carrier or amphibious assault ship) in operation in the world.
The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters.
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
Marine Scientific Research Institute of radioelectronics or MNIIRE Altair design bureau (Морской научно-исследовательский институт радиоэлектроники - МНИИРЭ «Альтаир») is a Soviet/Russian enterprise, developer of naval SA missile systems and radars.
A medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) is a type of ballistic missile with medium range, this last classification depending on the standards of certain organizations.
The MGM-31A Pershing was the missile used in the Pershing 1 and Pershing 1a field artillery missile systems.
The Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (MIIS), formerly known as the Monterey Institute of International Studies, is an American graduate school within Middlebury College, a private university located in Middlebury, Vermont.
In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
MKB "Fakel" (МКБ "Факел", "Torch") also known as P.D.Grushin Machine-building Design Bureau is a Russian government-owned aerospace defense corporation located in Khimki.
Moscow Oblast (p), or Podmoskovye (p, literally "around/near Moscow"), is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
NATO reporting names are code names for military equipment of Russia, China, and, historically, the former Eastern Bloc (Soviet Union and other nations of the Warsaw Pact).
A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions.
JSC NPO Almaz named after A.A. Raspletin (ГСКБ Концерна ПВО "Алмаз-Антей", former SB-1, 1947–50; KB-1, 1950–66; MKB Strela, 1966–71; TsKB Almaz, 1971–88; NPO Almaz, 1988–2008; GSKB Almaz-Antey, 2008-15) is a Soviet/Russian military R&D enterprise founded in 1947.
NPO Novator (Novator Design Bureau, OKB Novator, OKB Lyulev; Опытное конструкторское бюро «Новатор» им.) is a Russian company that designs long-range anti-aircraft missiles.
A passive electronically scanned array (PESA), also known as passive phased array, is a phased array antenna, that is an antenna in which the beam of radio waves can be electronically steered to point in different directions, in which all the antenna elements are connected to a single transmitter (such as a magnetron, a klystron or a travelling wave tube) and/or receiver.
Passive radar systems (also referred to as passive coherent location and passive covert radar) encompass a class of radar systems that detect and track objects by processing reflections from non-cooperative sources of illumination in the environment, such as commercial broadcast and communications signals.
In antenna theory, a phased array usually means an electronically scanned array; a computer-controlled array of antennas which creates a beam of radio waves which can be electronically steered to point in different directions, without moving the antennas.
Piešťany (Pistyan, Pöstyén, Pieszczany, Píšťany) is a town in Slovakia.
9S52 Polyana-D4 ASU (АСУ зенитной бригады 9С52 «Поляна-Д4») is a Soviet/Russian automated command and control system for air defence troops.
A precision-guided munition (PGM, smart weapon, smart munition, smart bomb) is a guided munition intended to precisely hit a specific target, to minimize collateral damage and increase lethality against intended targets.
Computer games, simulations, models, and operations research programs often require a mechanism to determine statistically whether the engagement between a weapon and a target resulted in a kill, or the probability of kill.
A proximity fuze is a fuze that detonates an explosive device automatically when the distance to the target becomes smaller than a predetermined value.
The R-17 Elbrus, GRAU index 9K72 is a tactical ballistic missile, initially developed by the Soviet Union.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
The radar horizon is a critical area of performance for aircraft detection systems that is defined by the distance at which the radar beam rises enough above the Earth's surface to make detection of a target at low level impossible.
The Russian Air Force (r, literally "military air forces of Russia") is a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, the latter being formed on 1 August 2015 with the merger of the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces.
The Russian alphabet (ˈruskʲɪj ɐɫfɐˈvʲit̪) uses letters from the Cyrillic script.
In February 2014, Russia made several military incursions into Ukrainian territory.
This article is about Russian design bureaus and related Surface-to-Air Missiles.
The S-300 (NATO reporting name SA-10 Grumble) is a series of initially Soviet and later Russian long range surface-to-air missile systems produced by NPO Almaz, based on the initial S-300P version.
The S-300VM "Antey-2500" (NATO reporting name SA-23 Gladiator\Giant) is a Russian anti-ballistic missile system.
The 50R6 Vityaz missile system (ЗРК Витязь) or S-350E is a Russian medium-range surface-to-air missile system developed by GSKB Almaz-Antey.
The S-400 Triumf (C-400 Триумф, Triumph; NATO reporting name: SA-21 Growler), previously known as the S-300PMU-3, is an anti-aircraft weapon system developed in the 1990s by Russia's Almaz Central Design Bureau as an upgrade of the S-300 family.
The S-500 Prometey (C-500 Прометей, Prometheus), also known as 55R6M "Triumfator-M", is a Russian surface-to-air missile/anti-ballistic missile system intended to replace the A-135 missile system currently in use, and supplement the S-400.
Semi-active radar homing (SARH) is a common type of missile guidance system, perhaps the most common type for longer-range air-to-air and surface-to-air missile systems.
A semi-trailer truck (more commonly semi truck or simply "semi") is the combination of a tractor unit and one or more semi-trailers to carry freight.
A short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) is a ballistic missile with a range of about or less.
The Slava-class cruiser (Soviet designation Project 1164 Atlant) is a type of large, conventionally powered warship, designed and constructed for the Soviet Navy and currently operated by the Russian Navy.
The Slovak Air Force, known since 2002 as the Air Force of the Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic (Vzdušné sily Ozbrojených síl Slovenskej republiky), is the aviation and air defense branch of the Slovak Armed Forces.
Sofia (Со́фия, tr.) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria.
The Soviet Air Defence Forces (войска ПВО, voyska protivovozdushnoy oborony, voyska PVO, V-PVO, lit. Anti-Air Defence Troops; and formerly protivovozdushnaya oborona strany, PVO strany, lit. Anti-Air Defence of the Nation) was the air defence branch of the Soviet Armed Forces.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Standard Missile refers to a family of American-made shipborne guided missiles.
Stealth technology also termed low observable technology (LO technology) is a sub-discipline of military tactics and passive electronic countermeasures, which cover a range of techniques used with personnel, aircraft, ships, submarines, missiles and satellites to make them less visible (ideally invisible) to radar, infrared, sonar and other detection methods.
The Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name: Fencer) is a supersonic, all-weather attack aircraft developed in the Soviet Union.
Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses (SEAD, pronounced), also known as "Wild Weasel" and "Iron Hand" operations in the United States, are military actions to suppress enemy surface-based air defenses, including not only surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) and anti-aircraft artillery (AAA) but also interrelated systems such as early-warning radar and command, control and communication (C3) functions, while also marking other targets to be destroyed by an air strike.
A surface-to-air missile (SAM, pronunced), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM, pronounced), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.
The Syrian Air Defense Force (SyADF), officially the Syrian Arab Air Defense Force, is an independent command within the Syrian Armed Forces.
Thrust vectoring, also thrust vector control or TVC, is the ability of an aircraft, rocket, or other vehicle to manipulate the direction of the thrust from its engine(s) or motor(s) in order to control the attitude or angular velocity of the vehicle.
JSC V.V. Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design (ОАО «Научно-исследовательский институт приборостроения имени В.В.Тихомирова», НИИП, NIIP) is a joint stock company, one of the major Russian enterprises in the development of weaponry control systems for fighter planes and mobile medium range anti-aircraft SAM defense vehicles.
Track-via-missile or TVM refers to a missile guidance technique which combines features of semi-active radar homing (SARH) and radio command guidance.
Trajectory optimization is the process of designing a trajectory that minimizes (or maximizes) some measure of performance while satisfying a set of constraints.
A transporter erector launcher (TEL) is a missile vehicle with an integrated prime mover that can carry, elevate to firing position and launch one or more missiles.
The Type 051C or Luzhou class destroyer is a long-range air-defence guided missile destroyer built by China in its ongoing effort to create a true blue water navy.
The UNIAN or Ukrainian Independent Information Agency of News (Українське Незалежне Інформаційне Агентство Новин, УНІАН; Ukrayins'ke Nezalezhne Informatsiyne Ahentstvo Novyn) is a Kiev-based Ukrainian news agency.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
A vertical launching system (VLS) is an advanced system for holding and firing missiles on mobile naval platforms, such as surface ships and submarines.
Vinnytsia (Vinnycja,; translit, Vinnica; Winnica; Winniza, and Vinița) is a city in west-central Ukraine, located on the banks of the Southern Bug.
The Wayback Machine is a digital archive of the World Wide Web and other information on the Internet.
Zarya (Dawn), also known as the Functional Cargo Block or FGB (from the Funktsionalno-gruzovoy blok or ФГБ), is the first module of the International Space Station to be launched.
The 2K11 Krug (2К11 «Круг»; circle) is a Soviet and now Russian medium-range, medium-to-high altitude surface-to-air missile (SAM) system.
The 9K720 Iskander («Искандер»; NATO reporting name SS-26 Stone) is a mobile short-range ballistic missile system produced and deployed by the Russian Federation.
30N6, 64N6, 76N6, 96L6E, 9S15, 9S19, 9S32, Big Bird radar, Clam Shell radar, Flap Lid, Flaplid, Grumble, HQ-10, HQ-15, HQ-18, Hongqi-10, Hongqi-15, Hongqi-18, S-300 (missile system), S-300 (missile), S-300 missile, S-300F/RIF, S-300FM, S-300P, S-300PM, S-300PMU, S-300PMU-1, S-300PMU-2, S-300PS, S-300V, SA 20, SA-10, SA-10 Grumble, SA-10A Grumble, SA-12, SA-12 Gladiator-Giant, SA-12 Gladiator/Giant, SA-12 Gladiator\Giant, SA-20 Gargoyle, SA-20 Triumf, SA-N-20, SA-N-6, SA-N-6 Grumble, SAN-6 Grumble, SAN-6 SAM, Sa12, Tomb Stone radar, С-300.