18 relations: Alpha-amylase, Amino acid, Blood–brain barrier, Capillary, CD98, Gene, Heterodimeric amino-acid transporter, Isoleucine, Leucine, Membrane transport protein, Protein, Protein–protein interaction, SLC7A5, SLC7A7, Solute carrier family, Tryptophan, Tyrosine, Valine.
α-Amylase is a protein enzyme that hydrolyses alpha bonds of large, alpha-linked polysaccharides, such as starch and glycogen, yielding glucose and maltose.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective semipermeable membrane barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain and extracellular fluid in the central nervous system (CNS).
A capillary is a small blood vessel from 5 to 10 micrometres (µm) in diameter, and having a wall one endothelial cell thick.
CD98 is a glycoprotein that is a heterodimer composed of SLC3A2 and SLC7A5 that forms the large neutral amino acid transporter (LAT1).
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Heterodimeric amino-acid transporters are a family of transport proteins that facilitate the transport of certain amino acids across cell membranes.
Isoleucine (symbol Ile or I) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Leucine (symbol Leu or L) is an essential amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
A membrane transport protein (or simply transporter) is a membrane protein involved in the movement of ions, small molecules, or macromolecules, such as another protein, across a biological membrane.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) are the physical contacts of high specificity established between two or more protein molecules as a result of biochemical events steered by electrostatic forces including the hydrophobic effect.
Solute carrier family 7 member 5 also known as large neutral amino acids transporter small subunit 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC7A5 gene.
Y+L amino acid transporter 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC7A7 gene.
The solute carrier (SLC) group of membrane transport proteins include over 400 members organized into 65 families.
Tryptophan (symbol Trp or W) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Tyrosine (symbol Tyr or Y) or 4-hydroxyphenylalanine is one of the 20 standard amino acids that are used by cells to synthesize proteins.
Valine (symbol Val or V) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.