22 relations: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics, Cell membrane, Cotransporter, Eukaryote, Expression cloning, Facilitated diffusion, Galactose, Gene, Glucose, Glucose transporter, Membrane protein, PAWR, Prokaryote, Protein, Protein–protein interaction, SGLT2, Sodium, Sodium-glucose transport proteins, Solute carrier family, Symporter, Uniporter, Xenopus.
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of the biology of cells, especially their biochemistry and biophysics.
The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).
Cotransporters are a subcategory of membrane transport proteins (transporters) that couple the favorable movement of one molecule with its concentration gradient and unfavorable movement of another molecule against its concentration gradient.
Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).
Expression cloning is a technique in DNA cloning that uses expression vectors to generate a library of clones, with each clone expressing one protein.
Facilitated diffusion (also known as facilitated transport or passive-mediated transport) is the process of spontaneous passive transport (as opposed to active transport) of molecules or ions across a biological membrane via specific transmembrane integral proteins.
Galactose (galacto- + -ose, "milk sugar"), sometimes abbreviated Gal, is a monosaccharide sugar that is about as sweet as glucose, and about 30% as sweet as sucrose.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glucose transporters are a wide group of membrane proteins that facilitate the transport of glucose across the plasma membrane.
Membrane proteins are proteins that interact with, or are part of, biological membranes.
PRKC, apoptosis, WT1, regulator, also known as PAWR or Prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4), is a human gene coding for a tumor-suppressor protein that induces apoptosis in cancer cells, but not in normal cells.
A prokaryote is a unicellular organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) are the physical contacts of high specificity established between two or more protein molecules as a result of biochemical events steered by electrostatic forces including the hydrophobic effect.
The sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC5A2 (solute carrier family 5 (sodium/glucose cotransporter)) gene.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium-dependent glucose cotransporters (or sodium-glucose linked transporter, SGLT) are a family of glucose transporter found in the intestinal mucosa (enterocytes) of the small intestine (SGLT1) and the proximal tubule of the nephron (SGLT2 in PCT and SGLT1 in PST).
The solute carrier (SLC) group of membrane transport proteins include over 400 members organized into 65 families.
A symporter is an integral membrane protein that is involved in the transport of many differing types of molecules across the cell membrane.
A uniporter is an integral membrane protein that is involved in facilitated diffusion.
Xenopus (Gk., ξενος, xenos.