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SLC5A1

Index SLC5A1

Sodium/glucose cotransporter 1 also known as solute carrier family 5 member 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC5A1 gene. [1]

22 relations: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics, Cell membrane, Cotransporter, Eukaryote, Expression cloning, Facilitated diffusion, Galactose, Gene, Glucose, Glucose transporter, Membrane protein, PAWR, Prokaryote, Protein, Protein–protein interaction, SGLT2, Sodium, Sodium-glucose transport proteins, Solute carrier family, Symporter, Uniporter, Xenopus.

Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics

Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of the biology of cells, especially their biochemistry and biophysics.

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Cell membrane

The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).

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Cotransporter

Cotransporters are a subcategory of membrane transport proteins (transporters) that couple the favorable movement of one molecule with its concentration gradient and unfavorable movement of another molecule against its concentration gradient.

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Eukaryote

Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).

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Expression cloning

Expression cloning is a technique in DNA cloning that uses expression vectors to generate a library of clones, with each clone expressing one protein.

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Facilitated diffusion

Facilitated diffusion (also known as facilitated transport or passive-mediated transport) is the process of spontaneous passive transport (as opposed to active transport) of molecules or ions across a biological membrane via specific transmembrane integral proteins.

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Galactose

Galactose (galacto- + -ose, "milk sugar"), sometimes abbreviated Gal, is a monosaccharide sugar that is about as sweet as glucose, and about 30% as sweet as sucrose.

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Gene

In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Glucose

Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.

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Glucose transporter

Glucose transporters are a wide group of membrane proteins that facilitate the transport of glucose across the plasma membrane.

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Membrane protein

Membrane proteins are proteins that interact with, or are part of, biological membranes.

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PAWR

PRKC, apoptosis, WT1, regulator, also known as PAWR or Prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4), is a human gene coding for a tumor-suppressor protein that induces apoptosis in cancer cells, but not in normal cells.

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Prokaryote

A prokaryote is a unicellular organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.

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Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Protein–protein interaction

Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) are the physical contacts of high specificity established between two or more protein molecules as a result of biochemical events steered by electrostatic forces including the hydrophobic effect.

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SGLT2

The sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC5A2 (solute carrier family 5 (sodium/glucose cotransporter)) gene.

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Sodium

Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.

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Sodium-glucose transport proteins

Sodium-dependent glucose cotransporters (or sodium-glucose linked transporter, SGLT) are a family of glucose transporter found in the intestinal mucosa (enterocytes) of the small intestine (SGLT1) and the proximal tubule of the nephron (SGLT2 in PCT and SGLT1 in PST).

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Solute carrier family

The solute carrier (SLC) group of membrane transport proteins include over 400 members organized into 65 families.

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Symporter

A symporter is an integral membrane protein that is involved in the transport of many differing types of molecules across the cell membrane.

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Uniporter

A uniporter is an integral membrane protein that is involved in facilitated diffusion.

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Xenopus

Xenopus (Gk., ξενος, xenos.

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Redirects here:

SGLT-1, SGLT1, SLC5A1 (gene), Sodium-glucose transporter 1.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SLC5A1

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