135 relations: A5/1, A5/2, ACeS, Acision, Airwide Solutions, Aldiscon, Apple Inc., AT&T Mobility, Authentication, Base transceiver station, Baud, Best-effort delivery, Bit, BlackBerry, BlackBerry Limited, Bluetooth, Byte, Character encoding, Command language, Communication protocol, Comparison of mobile phone standards, Concatenated SMS, Confidentiality, Customer relationship management, Customized Applications for Mobile networks Enhanced Logic, Czech Republic, Deutsche Telekom, Digital AMPS, Direct marketing, Emergency, EMI (protocol), Enhanced Messaging Service, ETSI, Facebook Messenger, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Fire alarm system, Friedhelm Hillebrand, General Packet Radio Service, GSM, GSM 03.38, GSM 03.40, Hayes command set, Hayes Microcomputer Products, Header (computing), HTTP cookie, I-mode, IMessage, INAP, Infrared, Intelligent Network, ..., International mobile subscriber identity, Internet Protocol, Internet protocol suite, Iridium Communications, Line (software), Logica, Long number, Machine to machine, Matti Makkonen, Messaging apps, Metadata, Mobile Application Part, Mobile marketing, Mobile network operator, Mobile station, Multimedia Messaging Service, Neil Papworth, Network switching subsystem, Nextel Communications, Nokia, Nokia 2010, NTT DoCoMo, One-time password, Optus (satellite), Orange S.A., Over-the-air programming, Pennsylvania State University, Postcard, Postpaid mobile phone, Premium-rate telephone number, Prepay mobile phone, Process driven messaging service, Public land mobile network, Public switched telephone network, Ringtone, Routing, Satellite phone, Sema Group, Service control point, Session (computer science), Session ID, Short code, Short Message Peer-to-Peer, Short Message service center, Short Message Service technical realisation (GSM), Signalling System No. 7, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, Simple Network Paging Protocol, Smart message, SMS gateway, SMS home routing, SMS hubbing, SMS language, SoftBank Group, Speech synthesis, Sprint Corporation, Stateless protocol, Store and forward, Stream cipher, T-Mobile US, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, Telegram (service), Telemetry, Televoting, Telex, Telia Company, Text messaging, The Register, Transceiver, Unicode, United States, Universal Coded Character Set, USB, User Data Header, Value-added service, Vehicle tracking system, Verizon Wireless, Viber, Vodafone, WeChat, WhatsApp, Wireless telegraphy, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, 3G, 3GPP. Expand index (85 more) » « Shrink index
A5/1 is a stream cipher used to provide over-the-air communication privacy in the GSM cellular telephone standard.
A5/2 is a stream cipher used to provide voice privacy in the GSM cellular telephone protocol.
ACeS (PT Asia Cellular Satellite) was a regional satellite telecommunications company based in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Having been acquired by Comverse, Inc.
Airwide Solutions was a privately held (majority shareholder smac|partners Germany), but United States-based mobile messaging and wireless internet infrastructure company.
Aldiscon Limited was a telecommunications software company founded in Dublin, Ireland, in 1988.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
AT&T Mobility LLC, also known as AT&T Wireless marketed as simply AT&T, is a wholly owned subsidiary of AT&T that provides wireless services to 138.8 million subscribers in the United States including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Authentication (from authentikos, "real, genuine", from αὐθέντης authentes, "author") is the act of confirming the truth of an attribute of a single piece of data claimed true by an entity.
A base transceiver station (BTS) is a piece of equipment that facilitates wireless communication between user equipment (UE) and a network.
In telecommunication and electronics, baud (symbol: Bd) is a common measure of the speed of communication over a data channel.
Best-effort delivery describes a network service in which the network does not provide any guarantee that data is delivered or that delivery meets any quality of service.
The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.
BlackBerry is a line of smartphones, tablets, and services originally designed and marketed by Canadian company BlackBerry Limited (formerly known as Research In Motion, or RIM).
BlackBerry Limited is a Canadian multinational company specializing in enterprise software and the Internet of things.
Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).
The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits, representing a binary number.
Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system.
A command language is a language for job control in computing.
In telecommunication, a communication protocol is a system of rules that allow two or more entities of a communications system to transmit information via any kind of variation of a physical quantity.
This is a comparison of standards of mobile phones.
In the cellular phone industry, mobile phones and their networks sometimes support concatenated short message service (or concatenated SMS) to overcome the limitation on the number of characters that can be sent in a single SMS text message transmission (which is usually 160).
Confidentiality involves a set of rules or a promise usually executed through confidentiality agreements that limits access or places restrictions on certain types of information.
Customer relationship management (CRM) is an approach to manage a company's interaction with current and potential customers.
Customized Applications for Mobile networks Enhanced Logic (CAMEL) is a set of standards designed to work on either a GSM core network or the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) network.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Deutsche Telekom AG (short form in writing only: DT) is a German telecommunications company headquartered in Bonn and by revenue the largest telecommunications provider in Europe.
IS-54 and IS-136 are second-generation (2G) mobile phone systems, known as Digital AMPS (D-AMPS), and a further development of the north-American 1G mobile system AMPS.
Direct marketing is a form of advertising where organizations communicate directly to customers through a variety of media including cell phone text messaging, email, websites, online adverts, database marketing, fliers, catalog distribution, promotional letters, and targeted television, newspaper, and magazine advertisements, as well as outdoor advertising.
An emergency is a situation that poses an immediate risk to health, life, property, or environment.
External Machine Interface (EMI), an extension to Universal Computer Protocol (UCP), is a protocol primarily used to connect to short message service centres (SMSCs) for mobile telephones.
Enhanced Messaging Service (EMS) is a cross-industry collaboration between Samsung, Ericsson, Motorola, Siemens and Alcatel, among others.
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is an independent, not-for-profit, standardization organization in the telecommunications industry (equipment makers and network operators) in Europe, headquartered in Sophia-Antipolis, France, with worldwide projection.
Facebook Messenger (sometimes known as Messenger) is a messaging app and platform.
The Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz or BfV) is the Federal Republic of Germany's domestic security agency.
A fire alarm system has a number of devices working together to detect and warn people through visual and audio appliances when smoke, fire, carbon monoxide or other emergencies are present.
Friedhelm Hillebrand is a German engineer who has been influential in setting mobile telecommunications standards.
General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a packet oriented mobile data standard on the 2G and 3G cellular communication network's global system for mobile communications (GSM).
GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.
In mobile telephony GSM 03.38 or 3GPP 23.038 is a character set used in the Short Message Service of GSM based cell phones.
GSM 03.40 or 3GPP TS 23.040 is a mobile telephony standard describing the format of the Transfer Protocol Data Units (TPDU) of the Short Message Transfer Protocol (SM-TP) used in the GSM networks to carry Short Messages.
The Hayes command set is a specific command language originally developed by Dennis Hayes for the Hayes Smartmodem 300 baud modem in 1981.
Hayes Microcomputer Products was a U.S.-based manufacturer of modems.
In information technology, header refers to supplemental data placed at the beginning of a block of data being stored or transmitted.
An HTTP cookie (also called web cookie, Internet cookie, browser cookie, or simply cookie) is a small piece of data sent from a website and stored on the user's computer by the user's web browser while the user is browsing.
NTT DoCoMo's i-mode is a mobile internet (as opposed to wireless internet) service popular in Japan.
iMessage is an instant messaging service developed by Apple Inc. It is supported by the Messages application in iOS 5 and later and OS X Mountain Lion and later.
INAP stands for Intelligent Network Application Protocol or Intelligent Network Application Part.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
The Intelligent Network (IN) is the standard network architecture specified in the.
The International Mobile Subscriber Identity or IMSI is used to identify the user of a cellular network and is a unique identification associated with all cellular networks.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
Iridium Communications Inc. (formerly Iridium Satellite LLC) is a publicly traded American company headquartered in McLean, Virginia.
Line (styled as LINE) is a freeware app for instant communications on electronic devices such as smartphones, tablet computers, and personal computers.
Logica was a multinational IT and management consultancy company headquartered in Reading, United Kingdom.
A long number (e.g. +44 7624 80055 in international notation or 757-772-8555 in typical U.S. notation), also known as a virtual mobile number, dedicated phone number or long code, is a reception mechanism used by businesses to receive SMS messages and voice calls.
Machine to machine refers to direct communication between devices using any communications channel, including wired and wireless.
Matti Makkonen (16 April 1952 – 26 June 2015) was a Finnish engineer in the field of mobile communications.
Messaging apps (a.k.a. "Social messaging" or "chat applications") are apps and platforms that enable messaging, many of which started around social networking platforms, but many of which have now developed into broad platforms enabling status updates, chatbots, payments and conversational commerce (e-commerce via chat).
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
The Mobile Application Part (MAP) is an SS7 protocol that provides an application layer for the various nodes in GSM and UMTS mobile core networks and GPRS core networks to communicate with each other in order to provide services to users.
Mobile marketing is multi-channel online marketing technique focused at reaching a specific audience on their smart phone, tablets, or any other related devices through websites, E mail, SMS and MMS, social media or mobile applications.
A mobile network operator or MNO, also known as a wireless service provider, wireless carrier, cellular company, or mobile network carrier, is a provider of wireless communications services that owns or controls all the elements necessary to sell and deliver services to an end user including radio spectrum allocation, wireless network infrastructure, back haul infrastructure, billing, customer care, provisioning computer systems and marketing and repair organizations.
A mobile station (MS) comprises all user equipment and software needed for communication with a mobile network.
Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) is a standard way to send messages that include multimedia content to and from a mobile phone over a cellular network.
Briton Neil Papworth (born 1969) is a software architect, designer and developer.
Network switching subsystem (NSS) (or GSM core network) is the component of a GSM system that carries out call switching and mobility management functions for mobile phones roaming on the network of base stations.
Nextel Communications, Inc. was a wireless service operator that merged with and continues to exist as a wholly owned subsidiary of Sprint Corporation.
Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.
The Nokia 2010 is a mobile phone announced by Finnish phone manufacturer Nokia in January 1994.
is the predominant mobile phone operator in Japan.
A one-time password or pin (OTP) is a password that is valid for only one login session or transaction, on a computer system or other digital device.
This is a list of the satellites operated by Optus, an Australian telecommunications company.
Orange S.A., formerly France Télécom S.A., is a French multinational telecommunications corporation.
Over-the-Air programming (OTA) refers to various methods of distributing new software, configuration settings, and even updating encryption keys to devices like cellphones, set-top boxes or secure voice communication equipment (encrypted 2-way radios).
The Pennsylvania State University (commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU) is a state-related, land-grant, doctoral university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania.
A postcard or post card is a rectangular piece of thick paper or thin cardboard intended for writing and mailing without an envelope.
The postpaid mobile phone is a mobile phone for which service is provided by a prior arrangement with a mobile network operator.
Premium-rate telephone numbers are telephone numbers for telephone calls during which certain services are provided, and for which prices higher than normal are charged.
A prepay mobile device (also commonly referred to as pay-as-you-go (PAYG), pay-as-you-talk, pay and go, go-phone or prepaid) is a mobile device such as a phone for which credit is purchased in advance of service use.
A process driven messaging service (PDMS) is a service that is process oriented and exchanges messages/data calls.
A public land mobile network (PLMN), as defined in telecommunications regulation, is a network that is established and operated by an administration or by a recognized operating agency (ROA) for the specific purpose of providing land mobile telecommunications services to the public.
The public switched telephone network (PSTN) is the aggregate of the world's circuit-switched telephone networks that are operated by national, regional, or local telephony operators, providing infrastructure and services for public telecommunication.
A ringtone or ring tone is the sound made by a telephone to indicate an incoming call or text message.
Routing is the process of selecting a path for traffic in a network, or between or across multiple networks.
A satellite telephone, satellite phone, or satphone is a type of mobile phone that connects to orbiting satellites instead of terrestrial cell sites.
Sema Group plc was an Anglo-French IT services company.
A service control point (SCP) is a standard component of the Intelligent Network (IN) telephone system which is used to control the service.
In computer science, in particular networking, a session is a semi-permanent interactive information interchange between two or more communicating devices, or between a computer and user (see login session).
In computer science, a session identifier, session ID or session token is a piece of data that is used in network communications (often over HTTP) to identify a session, a series of related message exchanges.
Short codes, or short numbers, are short digit sequences, significantly shorter than telephone numbers, that are used to address messages in the Multimedia Messaging System (MMS) and short message service (SMS) systems of mobile network operators.
Short Message Peer-to-Peer (SMPP) in the telecommunications industry is an open, industry standard protocol designed to provide a flexible data communication interface for the transfer of short message data between External Short Messaging Entities (ESMEs), Routing Entities (REs) and Message Centres.
A Short Message Service Center (SMSC) is a network element in the mobile telephone network.
The Short Message Service is realised by the use of the Mobile Application Part (MAP) of the SS7 protocol, with Short Message protocol elements being transported across the network as fields within the MAP messages.
Signaling System No.
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for electronic mail (email) transmission.
Simple Network Paging Protocol (SNPP) is a protocol that defines a method by which a pager can receive a message over the Internet.
Smart message is a protocol designed by Intel and Nokia, and by which various software upgrades— including ringtones — can be made "over the air", through the wireless connection.
An SMS gateway allows a computer to send or receive Short Message Service (SMS) transmissions to or from a telecommunications network.
SMS Home Routing is a modification to the original GSM specifications that changed the way inbound (off-net) SMS messages are treated by mobile telecommunications networks.
SMS hubbing is a new structure for the international flow of SMS between operators, reshaping the way that international mobile inter-operability works by implementing hubs to intermediate the SMS traffic and to offer a larger SMS coverage.
SMS language, textese or texting language is the abbreviated language and slang commonly used with mobile phone text messaging, or other Internet-based communication such as email and instant messaging.
is a Japanese multinational holding conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech.
Sprint Corporation is an American telecommunications company that provides wireless services and is an internet service provider.
In computing, a stateless protocol is a communications protocol in which no information is retained by either sender or receiver, meaning that they are agnostic of the state of one another.
Store and forward is a telecommunications technique in which information is sent to an intermediate station where it is kept and sent at a later time to the final destination or to another intermediate station.
A stream cipher is a symmetric key cipher where plaintext digits are combined with a pseudorandom cipher digit stream (keystream).
T-Mobile US, Inc., commonly shortened to T-Mobile, is a United States-based wireless network operator whose majority shareholder is the German telecommunications company Deutsche Telekom (DT). Its headquarters are located in Bellevue, Washington, in the Seattle metropolitan area. T-Mobile is the third largest wireless carrier in the United States with 74 million customers as of Q1 2018. T-Mobile US provides wireless voice and data services in the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands under the T-Mobile and MetroPCS brands (which it acquired in a reverse takeover in 2013, resulting in the company going public on the NASDAQ stock exchange), and also serves as the host network for many mobile virtual network operators. The company has annual revenues of over $40 billion. In 2015, Consumer Reports named T-Mobile the number one American wireless carrier. In 2017, T-Mobile was ranked #1 in Customer Service Satisfaction by Nielsen.
The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is a statutory body set up by the Government of India under section 3 of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997.
Telegram is a cloud-based instant messaging and voice over IP service developed by Telegram Messenger LLP, a privately held company registered in London, United Kingdom, founded by the Russian entrepreneur Pavel Durov.
Telemetry is an automated communications process by which measurements and other data are collected at remote or inaccessible points and transmitted to receiving equipment for monitoring.
Televoting, telephone voting or phone voting is a method of decision making and opinion polling conducted by telephone.
The telex network was a public switched network of teleprinters similar to a telephone network, for the purposes of sending text-based messages.
Telia Company AB is a Swedish dominant telephone company and mobile network operator present in Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark and Baltic States.
Text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile phones, tablets, desktops/laptops, or other devices.
The Register (nicknamed El Reg) is a British technology news and opinion website co-founded in 1994 by Mike Magee, John Lettice and Ross Alderson.
A transceiver is a device comprising both a transmitter and a receiver that are combined and share common circuitry or a single housing.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Universal Coded Character Set (UCS) is a standard set of characters defined by the International Standard ISO/IEC 10646, Information technology — Universal Coded Character Set (UCS) (plus amendments to that standard), which is the basis of many character encodings.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
User Data Header (UDH) is a binary structure which may be present at the start of a short message in the Short Message Service in GSM.
A value-added service (VAS) is a popular telecommunications industry term for non-core services, or, in short, all services beyond standard voice calls and fax transmissions.
A vehicle tracking system combines the use of automatic vehicle location in individual vehicles with software that collects these fleet data for a comprehensive picture of vehicle locations.
Cellco Partnership, d/b/a Verizon Wireless (commonly shortened to Verizon, and stylized as verizon), is an American telecommunications company which offers wireless products and services.
Viber is a cross-platform instant messaging and voice over IP (VoIP) application operated by Japanese multinational company Rakuten, provided as freeware for the Microsoft Windows, macOS, Linux, Android and iOS platforms.
Vodafone Group plc is a British multinational telecommunications conglomerate, with headquarters in London.
WeChat is a Chinese multi-purpose messaging, social media and mobile payment app developed by Tencent.
WhatsApp Messenger is a freeware and cross-platform messaging and Voice over IP (VoIP) service owned by Facebook.
Wireless telegraphy is the transmission of telegraphy signals from one point to another by means of an electromagnetic, electrostatic or magnetic field, or by electrical current through the earth or water.
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with the epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.
3G, short for third generation, is the third generation of wireless mobile telecommunications technology.
The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is a collaboration between groups of telecommunications standards associations, known as the Organizational Partners.
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