41 relations: Assembly language, BIOS, Booting, Bootstrap Protocol, Btrfs, C (programming language), CD-ROM, COM file, Comparison of boot loaders, Computer, Diskless node, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, El Torito (CD-ROM standard), Ext2, Ext3, Ext4, File Allocation Table, GNU General Public License, GNU GRUB, Hans Peter Anvin, IBM PC compatible, ISO 9660, Kernel (operating system), LILO (boot loader), Linux, Linux kernel, Live CD, Live USB, Master boot record, MS-DOS, Network interface controller, NTFS, Preboot Execution Environment, Protocol stack, Read-only memory, Slax, SourceForge, Trivial File Transfer Protocol, Unix File System, User Datagram Protocol, XFS.
An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
In computing, booting is starting up a computer or computer appliance until it can be used.
The Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP) is a computer networking protocol used in Internet Protocol networks to automatically assign an IP address to network devices from a configuration server.
Btrfs (pronounced as "butter fuss", "better F S", "butter F S", "b-tree F S", or simply by spelling it out) is a file system based on the copy-on-write (COW) principle, initially designed at Oracle Corporation for use in Linux.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
A COM file is a type of simple executable file.
The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of available boot loaders.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
A diskless node (or diskless workstation) is a workstation or personal computer without disk drives, which employs network booting to load its operating system from a server.
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network management protocol used on UDP/IP networks whereby a DHCP server dynamically assigns an IP address and other network configuration parameters to each device on a network so they can communicate with other IP networks.
The El Torito Bootable CD Specification is an extension to the ISO 9660 CD-ROM specification.
The ext2 or second extended file system is a file system for the Linux kernel.
ext3, or third extended filesystem, is a journaled file system that is commonly used by the Linux kernel.
The ext4 or fourth extended filesystem is a journaling file system for Linux, developed as the successor to ext3.
File Allocation Table (FAT) is a computer file system architecture and a family of industry-standard file systems utilizing it.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
GNU GRUB (short for GNU GRand Unified Bootloader) is a boot loader package from the GNU Project.
Hans Peter Anvin, known as H. Peter Anvin, or simply Peter Anvin, or even hpa (born 1972), is a Swedish computer programmer who has distinguished himself by his contributions to Free and open source software projects.
IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.
ISO 9660 is a file system for optical disc media.
The kernel is a computer program that is the core of a computer's operating system, with complete control over everything in the system.
LILO (Linux Loader) is a boot loader for Linux and was the default boot loader for most Linux distributions in the years after the popularity of loadlin.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
The Linux kernel is an open-source monolithic Unix-like computer operating system kernel.
A live CD (also live DVD, live disc, or live operating system) is a complete bootable computer installation including operating system which runs directly from a CD-ROM or similar storage device into a computer's memory, rather than loading from a hard disk drive.
A live USB is a USB flash drive or external hard disk drive containing a full operating system that can be booted.
A master boot record (MBR) is a special type of boot sector at the very beginning of partitioned computer mass storage devices like fixed disks or removable drives intended for use with IBM PC-compatible systems and beyond.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
A network interface controller (NIC, also known as a network interface card, network adapter, LAN adapter or physical network interface, and by similar terms) is a computer hardware component that connects a computer to a computer network.
NTFS (New Technology File System) is a proprietary file system developed by Microsoft.
In computing, the Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE, sometimes pronounced as pixie) specification describes a standardized client-server environment that boots a software assembly, retrieved from a network, on PXE-enabled clients.
The protocol stack or network stack is an implementation of a computer networking protocol suite or protocol family.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
Slax is a LiveCD Linux distribution based on Debian and is being developed by Tomáš Matějíček.
SourceForge is a Web-based service that offers software developers a centralized online location to control and manage free and open-source software projects.
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is a simple lockstep File Transfer Protocol which allows a client to get a file from or put a file onto a remote host.
The Unix file system (UFS; also called the Berkeley Fast File System, the BSD Fast File System or FFS) is a file system supported by many Unix and Unix-like operating systems.
In computer networking, the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is one of the core members of the Internet protocol suite.
XFS is a high-performance 64-bit journaling file system created by Silicon Graphics, Inc (SGI) in 1993.