23 relations: African clawed frog, Ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3 related, Base pair, Cell cycle, Centrosome, CLN3, Cyclin, Cyclin-dependent kinase, Cyclin-dependent kinase 1, DNA, DNA polymerase, DNA replication, Enzyme, G0 phase, G1 phase, G1/S transition, G2 phase, Helicase, Nucleic acid double helix, Nucleotide, S phase index, Start point (yeast), Yeast.
The African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis, also known as the xenopus, African clawed toad, African claw-toed frog or the platanna) is a species of African aquatic frog of the family Pipidae.
Serine/threonine-protein kinase ATR also known as ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related protein (ATR) or FRAP-related protein 1 (FRP1) is an enzyme that, in humans, is encoded by the ATR gene.
A base pair (bp) is a unit consisting of two nucleobases bound to each other by hydrogen bonds.
The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division and duplication of its DNA (DNA replication) to produce two daughter cells.
In cell biology, the centrosome (Latin centrum 'center' + Greek sōma 'body') is an organelle that serves as the main microtubule organizing center (MTOC) of the animal cell as well as a regulator of cell-cycle progression.
Battenin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CLN3 gene located on chromosome 16.
Cyclin is a family of proteins that control the progression of cells through the cell cycle by activating cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) enzymes.
Gap phase 2. The duration of mitosis in relation to the other phases has been exaggerated in this diagram Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are a family of sugar kinases first discovered for their role in regulating the cell cycle.
Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 also known as CDK1 or cell division cycle protein 2 homolog is a highly conserved protein that functions as a serine/threonine kinase, and is a key player in cell cycle regulation.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
DNA polymerases are enzymes that synthesize DNA molecules from deoxyribonucleotides, the building blocks of DNA.
In molecular biology, DNA replication is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from one original DNA molecule.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
The G0 phase describes a cellular state outside of the replicative cell cycle.
The g1 phase, or Gap 1 phase, is the first of four phases of the cell cycle that takes place in eukaryotic cell division.
The G1/S transition is a stage in the cell cycle at the boundary between the G1 phase, in which the cell grows, and the S phase, during which DNA is replicated.
G2 phase, or Gap 2 phase, is the second subphase of Interphase in the cell cycle directly preceding mitosis.
Helicases are a class of enzymes vital to all living organisms.
In molecular biology, the term double helix refers to the structure formed by double-stranded molecules of nucleic acids such as DNA.
Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both of which are essential biomolecules within all life-forms on Earth.
S-phase index (SPI), is a measure of cell growth and viability, especially the capacity of tumor cells to proliferate.
The Start checkpoint is a major cell cycle checkpoint in yeast.
Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.