63 relations: Acid dissociation constant, Aftertaste, American Diabetes Association, Amine, Ammonia, Angewandte Chemie, Aspartame, Assugrin, Bladder cancer, Calcium, Calorie, Chlorine, Chlorosulfuric acid, Chlorotoluene, Cleveland Clinic, Coal tar, Constantin Fahlberg, Diabetes mellitus, E number, Epidemiology, Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, Food Additives Amendment of 1958, Food and Drug Administration, Food energy, Gabriel synthesis, Greek language, Haloalkane, Harvey Washington Wiley, Hydrochloric acid, Inorganic Chemistry (journal), International Agency for Research on Cancer, Ira Remsen, Johns Hopkins University, List of IARC Group 2B carcinogens, Magdeburg, Methyl anthranilate, National Cancer Institute, Neotame, New York City, Nitrous acid, Pink, Proceedings of the Royal Society, Pure Food and Drug Act, Saccharin Study and Labeling Act of 1977, Salt (chemistry), Sodium, Sodium cyclamate, Sodium nitrite, Steviol glycoside, Sucralose, ..., Sucrose, Sugar alcohol, Sugar substitute, Sulfonamide, Sulfonyl halide, Sulfur dioxide, Sweet'n Low, Theodore Roosevelt, Toledo, Ohio, Toluene, University of Minnesota, World War I, Xylitol. Expand index (13 more) » « Shrink index
An acid dissociation constant, Ka, (also known as acidity constant, or acid-ionization constant) is a quantitative measure of the strength of an acid in solution.
Aftertaste is the taste intensity of a food or beverage that is perceived immediately after that food or beverage is removed from the mouth.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) is a United States-based nonprofit that seeks to educate the public about diabetes and to help those affected by it by funding research to manage, cure and prevent diabetes (including type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, and pre-diabetes).
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Angewandte Chemie (meaning "Applied Chemistry") is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that is published by Wiley-VCH on behalf of the German Chemical Society (Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker).
Aspartame (APM) is an artificial non-saccharide sweetener used as a sugar substitute in some foods and beverages.
Assugrin is a brand name for a sugar substitute that is a blend of cyclamate and saccharin.
Bladder cancer is any of several types of cancer arising from the tissues of the urinary bladder.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
A calorie is a unit of energy.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Chlorosulfuric acid (IUPAC name: sulfurochloridic acid) is the inorganic compound with the formula HSO3Cl.
Chlorotoluene is a group of three isomeric chemical compounds.
The Cleveland Clinic is a multispecialty academic hospital in Cleveland, Ohio, that is owned and operated by the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, an Ohio nonprofit corporation established in 1921.
Coal tar is a thick dark liquid which is a by-product of the production of coke and coal gas from coal.
Constantin Fahlberg (22 December 1850 in Tambov – 15 August 1910 in Nassau, aged 59) discovered the sweet taste of anhydroorthosulphaminebenzoic acid in 1877–78 when analysing the chemical compounds in coal tar at Johns Hopkins University for Professor Ira Remsen (1846–1927, aged 81).
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where) and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
The United States Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (abbreviated as FFDCA, FDCA, or FD&C), is a set of laws passed by Congress in 1938 giving authority to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to oversee the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics.
The Food Additives Amendment of 1958 is a 1958 amendment to the United States' Food, Drugs, and Cosmetic Act of 1938.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Food energy is chemical energy that animals (including humans) derive from food through the process of cellular respiration.
The Gabriel synthesis is a chemical reaction that transforms primary alkyl halides into primary amines.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
The haloalkanes (also known as halogenoalkanes or alkyl halides) are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens.
Harvey Washington Wiley (October 18, 1844 – June 16, 1930) was a noted American chemist best known for his leadership in the passage of the landmark Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 and his subsequent work at the Good Housekeeping Institute laboratories.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Inorganic Chemistry is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Chemical Society since 1962.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC; Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer, CIRC) is an intergovernmental agency forming part of the World Health Organization of the United Nations.
Ira Remsen (February 10, 1846 – March 4, 1927) was a chemist who, along with Constantin Fahlberg, discovered the artificial sweetener saccharin.
Johns Hopkins University is an American private research university in Baltimore, Maryland.
Substances, mixtures and exposure circumstances in this list have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as Group 2B: The agent (mixture) is "possibly carcinogenic to humans".
Magdeburg (Low Saxon: Meideborg) is the capital city and the second largest city of the state of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Methyl anthranilate, also known as MA, methyl 2-aminobenzoate, or carbomethoxyaniline, is an ester of anthranilic acid.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is one of eleven agencies that are part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Neotame is an artificial sweetener made by NutraSweet that is between 7,000 and 13,000 times sweeter than sucrose (table sugar).
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nitrous acid (molecular formula HNO2) is a weak and monobasic acid known only in solution and in the form of nitrite salts.
Pink is a pale red color that is named after a flower of the same name.
Proceedings of the Royal Society is the parent title of two scientific journals published by the Royal Society.
The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 was the first of a series of significant consumer protection laws which was enacted by Congress in the 20th century and led to the creation of the Food and Drug Administration.
Saccharin Study and Labeling Act of 1977 or Saccharin Study, Labeling and Advertising Act was a United States federal statute enacting requirements for a scientific observation regarding the impurities in, potential toxicity, and problematic carcinogenicity of a non-nutritive sweetener better known as saccharin.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium cyclamate (sweetener code 952) is an artificial sweetener.
Sodium nitrite is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaNO2.
Steviol glycosides are the chemical compounds responsible for the sweet taste of the leaves of the South American plant Stevia rebaudiana (Asteraceae) and the main ingredients (or precursors) of many sweeteners marketed under the generic name stevia and several trade names.
Sucralose is an artificial sweetener and sugar substitute.
Sucrose is common table sugar.
Sugar alcohols (also called polyhydric alcohols, polyalcohols, alditols or glycitols) are organic compounds, typically derived from sugars, that comprise a class of polyols.
A sugar substitute is a food additive that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy.
In chemistry, the sulfonamide functional group (also spelled sulphonamide) is -S(.
Sulfonyl halide groups occur when a sulfonyl functional group is singly bonded to a halogen atom.
Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.
Sweet'n Low (stylized as Sweet'N Low) is a brand of artificial sweetener made primarily from granulated saccharin.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
Toledo is a city in and the county seat of Lucas County, Ohio, United States.
Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (often referred to as the University of Minnesota, Minnesota, the U of M, UMN, or simply the U) is a public research university in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Xylitol is a sugar alcohol used as a sweetener.