179 relations: Adolf Hitler, AEG, AGH University of Science and Technology, Aksel Larsen, Albert Sauer, Albert Speer, Albert Willimsky, Andriy Atanasovych Melnyk, Anna Klein (camp warden), Anschluss, Anton Kaindl, Antonín Zápotocký, Arbeit macht frei, Arnulf Øverland, Arson, Arthur Löwenstamm, Augmented reality, Auschwitz concentration camp, Bank of England, Battle of France, Bayume Mohamed Husen, Bernd-Rainer Barth, Bertram James, Chancellor of Austria, Christian Mahler, Commando, Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Conscientious objector, Counterfeit money, Czechoslovakia, D-IX, Dachau concentration camp, Death marches (Holocaust), Deutsche Presse-Agentur, Diacetyldihydromorphine, Dmitry Karbyshev, Double agent, East Germany, Einar Gerhardsen, Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, Equilateral triangle, Ernst vom Rath, Extermination camp, Female guards in Nazi concentration camps, First they came ..., Francisco Largo Caballero, Franz Kaufmann, Friedrich Weißler, Fritz Thyssen, Georg Elser, ..., Georges Mandel, German National People's Party, German reunification, Germania (city), Gottfried Graf von Bismarck-Schönhausen, Grand Prix motor racing, Hans Grundig, Hans Helwig, Hans Loritz, Hans von Dohnányi, Harry Day, Hasso von Boehmer, Heinkel, Heinkel He 177, Heinrich Düker, Heinrich Feisthauer, Heinrich Koenen, Henry Moskowitz (real estate investor), Hermann Baranowski, Hero of the Soviet Union, Herschel Grynszpan, Home Army, House of Wittelsbach, Ilse Koch, Ingress (video game), International concentration camp committees, Jack Churchill, Jagiellonian University, Józef Klukowski, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish Virtual Library, John Godwin (Royal Navy officer), Johnnie Dodge, Johnny Jebsen, Joseph Stalin, Julius Leber, Kapo (concentration camp), Karl-Otto Koch, Kasernierte Volkspolizei, Kraków University of Economics, Kristallnacht, Kurt Schuschnigg, Labour Party (Norway), Leo Clasen, List of Nazi concentration camps, List of subcamps of Sachsenhausen, Macmillan Publishers (United States), Madeleine Truel, Magdeburg, Martin Niemöller, Mass grave, Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp complex, Maxim gun, Mentioned in dispatches, Methamphetamine, Michael Lippert, National People's Army, Nazi concentration camps, Nazism, Neo-Nazism, Neukölln, NKVD, NKVD special camp Nr. 7, NKVD special camps in Germany 1945–49, Nuremberg trials, Olaf Kullmann, Oleh Olzhych, Operation Bernhard, Operation Musketoon, Oranienburg, Otto von Bismarck, Pacifism, Paul Reynaud, Peter Churchill, Polish People's Army, Prežihov Voranc, Prisoner of war, Red Army, Regnery Publishing, Reinhard Heydrich, Reinhold Wulle, Richard Henry Stevens, Roman Rudenko, Royal Air Force, Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria, Schutzstaffel, Secretary (title), Sicherheitsdienst, Siemens, Sigismund Payne Best, Simon & Schuster, Smartphone, Social Democratic Party of Germany, Sonderaktion Krakau, Soviet Military Administration in Germany, Soviet occupation zone, Spandau Synagogue, Special Operations Executive, Stalag Luft III, Stanisław Kubista, Stefan Rowecki, Stepan Bandera, Strappado, Sulfur mustard, Sydney Dowse, Tadeusz Banachiewicz, Tanzania, Taras Bulba-Borovets, The Holocaust, The New York Times, Transport of concentration camp inmates to Tyrol, Trygve Bratteli, Tyrol (state), United Press International, University of Sussex, Venlo Incident, Victory in Europe Day, Volgograd, Volkspolizei, Walter Eisfeld, Willi Lehmann, William Grover-Williams, Winston Churchill, World War I, Yakov Dzhugashvili, Yaroslav Stetsko, 20 July plot, 2nd Belorussian Front, 2nd Warsaw Infantry Division. Expand index (129 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft AG (AEG) (German: "General electricity company") was a German producer of electrical equipment founded as the Deutsche Edison-Gesellschaft für angewandte Elektricität in 1883 in Berlin by Emil Rathenau.
AGH University of Science and Technology (Polish Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica) is a technical university in Poland, located in Kraków.
Aksel Larsen (August 5, 1897 – January 10, 1972) was a Danish politician who was chairman of the Communist Party of Denmark and chairman and founder of the Socialist People's Party.
Albert Sauer (17 August 1898, Misdroy – 3 May 1945, Falkensee) was a German commandant of Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp.
Berthold Konrad Hermann Albert Speer (March 19, 1905 – September 1, 1981) was a German architect who was, for most of World War II, Reich Minister of Armaments and War Production for Nazi Germany.
Albert Willimsky (—) was a German Roman Catholic priest active in resistance movement against the National Socialism, martyred in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp.
Andriy Melnyk (Андрій Ме́льник) (December 12, 1890 – November 1, 1964) was a Ukrainian military and political leader.
Anna Friederike Mathilde Klein (née Plaubel, born 1900, date of death unknown) was a German concentration camp guard who was chief warden at the Ravensbrück concentration camp.
Anschluss ('joining') refers to the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany on 12 March 1938.
Anton Kaindl (14 July 1902, Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria – 1948 in Vorkuta, Soviet Union) was an SS-Standartenführer and commandant of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp from 1942-1945.
Antonín Zápotocký (19 December 1884 – 13 November 1957) was communist Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia from 1948 to 1953 and President of Czechoslovakia from 1953 to 1957.
"Arbeit macht frei" is a German phrase meaning "work sets you free".
Ole Peter Arnulf Øverland (27 April 1889 – 25 March 1968) was a Norwegian poet and artist.
Arson is a crime of intentionally, deliberately and maliciously setting fire to buildings, wildland areas, abandoned homes, vehicles or other property with the intent to cause damage or enjoy the act.
Rabbi Dr Arthur Löwenstamm (also spelt Loewenstamm) (20 December 1882 in Ratibor, Upper Silesia – 22 April 1965 in Manchester, England) was a Jewish theologian, writer and rabbi in Berlin and in London, where he came in 1939 as a refugee from Germany.
Augmented Reality (AR) is an interactive experience of a real-world environment whose elements are "augmented" by computer-generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, including visual, auditory, haptic, somatosensory, and olfactory.
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
Bayume Mohamed Husen (born Mahjub bin Adam Mohamed; 22 February 1904 – 24 November 1944) was the son of a former askari officer and served together with his father in World War I with German colonial troops in East Africa.
Bernd-Rainer Barth (born Berlin 1957) is a German historian of the modern period.
Bertram Arthur "Jimmy" James, MC, RAF (17 April 1915 – 18 January 2008) was a British survivor of The Great Escape.
The Chancellor of Austria, officially the Federal Chancellor of the Republic of Austria (Bundeskanzler der Republik Österreich, sometimes shortened to Kanzler) is the head of government of the Austrian Republic.
Christian Mahler was a Communist Party activist who resisted Naziism and spent most of the Hitler period locked away.
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (Czech and Slovak: Komunistická strana Československa, KSČ) was a Communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Czechoslovakia that existed between 1921 and 1992.
A conscientious objector is an "individual who has claimed the right to refuse to perform military service" on the grounds of freedom of thought, conscience, or religion.
Counterfeit money is imitation currency produced without the legal sanction of the state or government.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
D-IX was a methamphetamine-based experimental performance enhancer developed by the Nazis in 1944 for military application.
Dachau concentration camp (Konzentrationslager (KZ) Dachau) was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany, intended to hold political prisoners.
Death marches (Todesmärsche in German) refer to the forcible movements of prisoners of Nazi Germany between Nazi camps on pain of death during World War II.
Deutsche Presse-Agentur GmbH (DPA; German Press Agency) is a German news agency founded in 1949.
Diacetyldihydromorphine (also known as Paralaudin, dihydroheroin, acetylmorphinol or dihydroxycodeinon) is a potent opiate derivative developed in Germany in 1929 which is rarely used in some countries for the treatment of severe pain such as that caused by terminal cancer, as another form of diamorphine (also commonly known as Heroin).
Dmitry Mikhaylovich Karbyshev (Дмитрий Михайлович Карбышев) (Omsk — February 18, 1945, Mauthausen, Austria) was an officer of the Russian Imperial Army, a Red Army general, professor of the Soviet General Staff Academy (Doctor of Military Sciences), and Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumously).
In the field of counterintelligence, a double agent (also double secret agent) is an employee of a secret intelligence service for one country, whose primary purpose is to spy on a target organization of another country, but who, in fact, has been discovered by the target organization and is now spying on their own country's organization for the target organization.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
(10 May 1897 – 19 September 1987) was a Norwegian politician from the Labour Party of Norway.
The Encyclopedia of the Holocaust (1990) has been called "the most recognized reference book on the Holocaust".
In geometry, an equilateral triangle is a triangle in which all three sides are equal.
Ernst Eduard vom Rath (3 June 1909 – 9 November 1938) was a German diplomat, remembered for his assassination in Paris in 1938 by a Polish Jewish teenager, Herschel Grynszpan, which provided a pretext for the Kristallnacht, "The Night of Broken Glass.".
Nazi Germany built extermination camps (also called death camps or killing centers) during the Holocaust in World War II, to systematically kill millions of Jews, Slavs, Communists, and others whom the Nazis considered "Untermenschen" ("subhumans").
The Aufseherinnen were female guards in Nazi concentration camps during the Holocaust.
"First they came..." is a poem written by the German Lutheran pastor Martin Niemöller (1892–1984).
Francisco Largo Caballero (15 October 1869 – 23 March 1946) was a Spanish politician and trade unionist.
Franz Kaufmann (5 January 1886 – 17 February 1944) was a German jurist and victim of the Holocaust.
Friedrich Weißler (born 28 April 1891 in Königshütte, Upper Silesia; died 19 February 1937 at Sachsenhausen concentration camp) was a German lawyer and judge.
Friedrich "Fritz" Thyssen (9 November 1873 – 8 February 1951) was a German businessman, born into one of Germany's leading industrial families.
Johann Georg Elser (4 January 1903 – 9 April 1945) was a German worker who planned and carried out an elaborate assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler and other high-ranking Nazi leaders on 8 November 1939 at the Bürgerbräukeller in Munich.
Georges Mandel (5 June 1885 – 7 July 1944) was a French journalist, politician, and French Resistance leader.
The German National People's Party (DNVP) was a national conservative party in Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23.
Germania, in full Welthauptstadt Germania ("World Capital Germania") was the projected renewal of the German capital Berlin during the Nazi period, part of Adolf Hitler's vision for the future of Nazi Germany after the planned victory in World War II.
Count Gottfried von Bismarck-Schönhausen (9 March 1901 – 14 September 1949) was a German politician and German Resistance figure.
Grand Prix motor racing has its roots in organised automobile racing that began in France as far back as 1894.
Hans Grundig (February 19, 1901 – September 11, 1958) was a German painter and graphic artist associated with the New Objectivity movement.
Hans Helwig (born 25 September 1881 – died 24 August 1952) was a German Nazi Party politician, Schutzstaffel general and Nazi concentration camp commandant.
Oberführer (Senior Colonel) Hans Loritz (12 December 1895, Augsburg – 31 January 1946) joined the SS in September 1930 and the NSDAP in August 1930.
Hans von Dohnányi (1 January 1902 – 8 or 9 April 1945) was a German jurist of Hungarian ancestry, rescuer of Jews, and German resistance fighter against the Nazi régime.
Group Captain Harry Melville Arbuthnot Day GC, DSO, OBE (3 August 1898 – 11 March 1977) was a Royal Marine and later an RAF pilot during the Second World War.
Hasso von Boehmer (9 August 1904 – 5 March 1945) was a German lieutenant colonel on the General Staff and one of the 20 July Plotters.
Heinkel Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturing company founded by and named after Ernst Heinkel.
The Heinkel He 177 Greif ("Griffin") was a large, long-range heavy bomber flown by the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Heinrich Düker (24 November 1898 - 8 November 1986) was a German psychologist, politician and professor.
Heinrich Feisthauer (14 September 1898 – 11 November 1964) was an opponent of the Nazi regime and survivor of Sachsenhausen concentration camp of Silesian origin.
Heinrich Koenen (12 May 1910 – February 1945) was a German engineer, anti-fascist resistance fighter and agent of the Soviet military intelligence service GRU.
Henry Moskowitz (1905 – September 7, 2008) was a New York-based real estate investor and founder of the real estate management company The Argo Corporation.
Hermann Baranowski (11 June 1884 in Schwerin – 5 February 1940 in Aue) was a German politician and military figure.
The title Hero of the Soviet Union (translit) was the highest distinction in the Soviet Union, awarded personally or collectively for heroic feats in service to the Soviet state and society.
Herschel Feibel Grynszpan (Hermann Grünspan; 28 March 1921 — last rumoured to be alive 1945, declared dead 1960) was a Polish-Jewish refugee, born in Germany.
The Home Army (Armia Krajowa;, abbreviated AK) was the dominant Polish resistance movement in Poland, occupied by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, during World War II.
The House of Wittelsbach is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.
Ilse Koch (née Margarete Ilse Köhler; 22 September 1906 – 1 September 1967, known as the Witch of Buchenwald) was the wife of Karl-Otto Koch commandant of the Nazi concentration camps Buchenwald (1937–1941) and Majdanek (1941–1943).
Ingress is a location-based, augmented-reality mobile game developed by Niantic.
International concentration camp committees are organizations composed of former inmates of the various Nazi concentration camps, formed at various times, primarily after the Second World War.
Lieutenant-Colonel John Malcolm Thorpe Fleming Churchill, DSO & Bar, MC & Bar (16 September 1906 – 8 March 1996), was a British Army officer who fought throughout the Second World War armed with a longbow, bagpipes, and a basket-hilted Scottish broadsword.
The Jagiellonian University (Polish: Uniwersytet Jagielloński; Latin: Universitas Iagellonica Cracoviensis, also known as the University of Kraków) is a research university in Kraków, Poland.
Józef Klukowski (January 2, 1894 – April 29, 1945) was a Polish sculptor.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
The Jewish Virtual Library ("JVL", formerly known as JSOURCE) is an online encyclopedia published by the American–Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE).
Temporary Lieutenant John Godwin, RNVR (13 December 1919 – 2 February 1945) was a British naval officer.
Major John 'Johnnie' Bigelow Dodge (15 May 1894 – 2 November 1960) also known as 'the Artful Dodger' was an American-born British Army officer who fought in both world wars and became a notable prisoner of war during the Second World War and survived The Great Escape.
Johann-Nielsen Jebsen, Nickname "Johnny", was an anti-Nazi German intelligence officer and British double agent (code name Artist) during the Second World War.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Julius Leber (16 November 1891 – 5 January 1945) was a German politician of the SPD and a member of the German Resistance against the Nazi régime.
A kapo or prisoner functionary (Funktionshäftling, see) was a prisoner in a Nazi concentration camp who was assigned by the SS guards to supervise forced labor or carry out administrative tasks.
Karl-Otto Koch (2 August 1897 – 5 April 1945) was a mid-ranking commander in the SS of Nazi Germany who was the first commandant of the Nazi concentration camps at Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen.
The Kasernierte Volkspolizei (KVP, German for Barracked People's Police) was the precursor to the National People's Army (NVA) in East Germany.
Kraków University of Economics or Cracow University of Economics (KUE or CUE; Polish: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie) is one of the five Polish public economics universities.
Kristallnacht (lit. "Crystal Night") or Reichskristallnacht, also referred to as the Night of Broken Glass, Reichspogromnacht or simply Pogromnacht, and Novemberpogrome (Yiddish: קרישטאָל נאַכט krishtol nakt), was a pogrom against Jews throughout Nazi Germany on 9–10 November 1938, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and German civilians.
Kurt Alois Josef Johann Schuschnigg (between his family's ennoblement in 1898 and the 1919 abolition of the Austrian nobility, he bore the title Edler von Schuschnigg;; 14 December 1897 – 18 November 1977) was an Austrian politician who was the Chancellor of the Federal State of Austria from the 1934 assassination of his predecessor Engelbert Dollfuss until the 1938 Anschluss with Nazi Germany.
The Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet, A/Ap), formerly the Norwegian Labour Party, is a social-democratic political party in Norway.
Leo Clasen (1906 - 1972) was a Holocaust survivor who was imprisoned in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp because of his homosexuality.
This article presents a partial list of the most prominent Nazi German concentration camps set up across Europe during the course of World War II and the ensuing Holocaust.
The following is a list of subcamps of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp established by Nazi Germany.
Macmillan Publishers USA was the former name of a now mostly defunct American publishing company.
Madeleine Truel (Lima, Peru, 28 August 1904 - Stolpe, Parchim, Germany, 1945), was a Peruvian woman of French parentage who fought in the French Resistance.
Magdeburg (Low Saxon: Meideborg) is the capital city and the second largest city of the state of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Friedrich Gustav Emil Martin Niemöller (14 January 18926 March 1984) was a German anti-Nazi theologian and Lutheran pastor.
A mass grave is a grave containing multiple human corpses, which may or may not be identified prior to burial.
The Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camp complex consisted of the Mauthausen concentration camp on a hill above the market town of Mauthausen (roughly east of Linz, Upper Austria) plus a group of nearly 100 further subcamps located throughout Austria and southern Germany.
The Maxim gun was a weapon invented by American-born British inventor Hiram Stevens Maxim in 1884: it was the first recoil-operated machine gun in production.
A member of the armed forces mentioned in dispatches (or despatches, MiD) is one whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which his or her gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy is described.
Methamphetamine (contracted from) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity.
Michael Lippert (24 April 1897 – 1 September 1969) was a mid-level commander in the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The National People's Army (NPA) (German: Nationale Volksarmee – NVA) was the name used for the armed forces of the German Democratic Republic.
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
Neo-Nazism consists of post-World War II militant social or political movements seeking to revive and implement the ideology of Nazism.
Neukölln ("New Cölln") is one of the twelve Boroughs of Berlin.
The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД), was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.
NKVD special camp Nr.
NKVD special camps (Speziallager) were NKVD-run late and post–World War II internment camps in the Soviet-occupied parts of Germany from May 1945 to January 6, 1950.
The Nuremberg trials (Die Nürnberger Prozesse) were a series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after World War II.
Olaf Bryn Kullmann (2 July 1892 – 9 July 1942) was a Norwegian naval officer and peace activist.
Oleh Olzhych (July 8, 1907, Zhytomyr - 9 June 1944, Sachsenhausen concentration camp, Germany) was a Ukrainian poet and nationalist leader.
Operation Bernhard was an exercise by Nazi Germany to forge British bank notes.
Operation Musketoon was the codeword for an Anglo-Norwegian raid in the Second World War.
Oranienburg is a town in Brandenburg, Germany.
Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890 and was the first Chancellor of the German Empire between 1871 and 1890.
Pacifism is opposition to war, militarism, or violence.
Paul Reynaud (15 October 1878 – 21 September 1966) was a French politician and lawyer prominent in the interwar period, noted for his stances on economic liberalism and militant opposition to Germany.
Peter Morland Churchill, (14 January 1909 – 1 May 1972) was a British Special Operations Executive (SOE) officer in France during the Second World War.
The Polish People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Polskie, LWP) constituted the second formation of the Polish Armed Forces in the East (1943–1945) and later the armed forces (1945–1989) of the Polish communist government of Poland (from 1952, the Polish People's Republic) along with the ruling Polish United Workers' Party.
Prežihov Voranc (10 August 1893 – 18 February 1950) was the pen name of Lovro Kuhar, a Slovene writer and Communist political activist.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Regnery Publishing is a conservative book publisher based in Washington, D.C. An imprint of Salem Media Group, it is led by president Marji Ross.
Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich (7 March 1904 – 4 June 1942) was a high-ranking German Nazi official during World War II, and a main architect of the Holocaust.
Reinhold Wulle (in Falkenberg, Pomerania – in Gronau, North Rhine-Westphalia) was a German Völkisch politician and publicist active during the Weimar Republic.
Richard Henry Stevens (9 April 1893 – 12 February 1967) was a major in the British Army and from 1939 Head of the Passport Control Office (PCO) of the British Secret Intelligence Service in the Netherlands.
Roman Andriyovych Rudenko (Роман Андрійович Руденко, Рома́н Андре́евич Руде́нко, 30 July 1907 – 23 January 1981) was a Ukrainian Soviet lawyer.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria (Rupprecht Maria Luitpold Ferdinand; 18 May 1869 – 2 August 1955) was the last heir apparent to the Bavarian throne.
The Schutzstaffel (SS; also stylized as with Armanen runes;; literally "Protection Squadron") was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in Nazi Germany, and later throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II.
Secretary is a title often used in organizations to indicate a person having a certain amount of authority, power, or importance in the organization.
Sicherheitsdienst (Security Service), full title Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS (Security Service of the Reichsführer-SS), or SD, was the intelligence agency of the SS and the Nazi Party in Nazi Germany.
Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
Captain Sigismund Payne Best OBE (14 April 1885 – 21 September 1978) was a British Secret Intelligence Service agent during the First and Second World Wars.
Simon & Schuster, Inc., a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.
Sonderaktion Krakau was the codename for a Nazi German operation against professors and academics of the Jagiellonian University and other universities in German occupied Kraków, Poland, at the beginning of World War II.
The Soviet Military Administration in Germany (Советская военная администрация в Германии, СВАГ; Sovyetskaya Voyennaya Administratsya v Germanii, SVAG; Sowjetische Militäradministration in Deutschland, SMAD) was the Soviet military government, headquartered in Berlin-Karlshorst, that directly ruled the Soviet occupation zone of Germany from the German surrender in May 1945 until after the establishment of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in October 1949.
The Soviet Occupation Zone (Sovetskaya okkupatsionnaya zona Germanii, "Soviet Occupation Zone of Germany") was the area of central Germany occupied by the Soviet Union from 1945 on, at the end of World War II.
Spandau Synagogue ("Synagoge Spandau") was a synagogue at 12 Lindenufer in the Old Town area of Spandau, Berlin, Germany.
The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was a British World War II organisation.
Stalag Luft III (Stammlager Luft III; literally "Main Camp, Air, III"; SL III) was a Luftwaffe-run prisoner of war (POW) camp during World War II, which held captured Western Allied air force personnel.
Blessed Stanislaw Kubista (September 27, 1898 – April 26, 1940) was an SVD (Society of the Divine Word) martyr.
Stefan Paweł Rowecki (pseudonym: Grot, "Spearhead", hence the alternate name, Stefan Grot-Rowecki, 25 December 1895 – 2 August 1944) was a Polish general, journalist and the leader of the Armia Krajowa.
Stepan Andriyovych Bandera (Степан Андрійович Бандера, Stepan Andrijowycz Bandera; 1 January 1909 – 15 October 1959) was a Ukrainian political activist and a leader of the nationalist and independence movement of Ukraine.
The strappado, also known as corda, is a form of torture wherein the victim's hands are tied behind his or her back and suspended by a rope attached to the wrists, typically resulting in dislocated shoulders.
Sulfur mustard, commonly known as mustard gas, is the prototypical substance of the sulfur-based family of cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agents known as the sulfur mustards which have the ability to form large blisters on exposed skin and in the lungs.
Flight Lieutenant Sydney Hastings Dowse MC (21 November 1918 – 10 April 2008) was a Royal Air Force pilot who became a prisoner of war and survived The Great Escape during the Second World War.
Tadeusz Banachiewicz (13 February 1882, Warsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire – 17 November 1954, Kraków) was a Polish astronomer, mathematician and geodesist.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
Taras Dmytrovych Borovets (Тарас Дмитрович Борове́ць; March 9, 1908 – May 15, 1981) was a Ukrainian resistance leader during World War II.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The transport of prominent inmates of German concentration camps to the Tyrol occurred in late April 1945, during the final weeks of the Second World War in Europe.
(11 January 1910 – 20 November 1984) was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician with the Norwegian Labour Party.
Tyrol (Tirol; Tirolo) is a federal state (Bundesland) in western Austria.
United Press International (UPI) is an international news agency whose newswires, photo, news film, and audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations for most of the 20th century.
The University of Sussex is a public research university in Falmer, Sussex, England.
The Venlo Incident was a covert German Sicherheitsdienst (SD-Security Service) operation, in the course of which two British Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) agents were abducted on the outskirts of the town of Venlo, the Netherlands, on 9 November 1939.
Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.
Volgograd (p), formerly Tsaritsyn, 1589–1925, and Stalingrad, 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast, Russia, on the western bank of the Volga River.
The Volkspolizei – full official name: the Deutsche Volkspolizei (German People's Police), abbreviated to DVP or VP, and colloquially known as the VoPo – was the national police force of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
Walter Eisfeld (born 11 July 1905 in Halle, Saxony-Anhalt – died 3 April 1940 in Dachau) was a German SS functionary and concentration camp commandant during the Nazi era.
Willi (Willy) Lehmann (15 March 1884, in Leipzig – 13 December 1942, in Berlin) was a police official and Soviet agent in Nazi Germany.
William Charles Frederick Grover-Williams (born William Charles Frederick Grover, 16 January 1903 – February or March 1945), also known as "W Williams", was a Grand Prix motor racing driver and special agent who worked for the Special Operations Executive (SOE) inside France.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yakov Iosifovich Jugashvili (იაკობ იოსების ძე ჯუღაშვილი, Iakob Iosebis dze Jugashvili, Я́ков Ио́сифович Джугашви́ли; 18 March 1907 – 14 April 1943) was the eldest of Joseph Stalin's four children, the son of Stalin's first wife, Kato Svanidze.
Yaroslav Stetsko (19 January 1912 – 5 July 1986) was the leader of Stepan Bandera's Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), from 1968 until his death.
On 20 July 1944, Claus von Stauffenberg and other conspirators attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Führer of Nazi Germany, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia.
The 2nd Belorussian Front (2-і Беларускі фронт, alternative spellings are 2nd Byelorussian Front and 2nd Belarusian Front) (2BF) was a military formation of Army group size of the Soviet Army during the Second World War.
2nd Warsaw Infantry Division of Henryk Dąbrowski (2 Warszawska Dywizja Piechoty im. Henryka Dąbrowskiego) was formed in 1943 as part of the Polish First Army alongside the Red Army of the Soviet Union.