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Index Sacrum

The sacrum (or; plural: sacra or sacrums) in human anatomy is a large, triangular bone at the base of the spine, that forms by the fusing of sacral vertebrae S1S5 between 18 and 30years of age. [1]

67 relations: Anatomical terms of location, Ancient Greek, Antimachus, Bird, Birth defect, Bone, Caudal regression syndrome, Chordoma, Christian Weise, Coccygeus muscle, Coccyx, Deutsches Wörterbuch, Dog, Fibrocartilage, Frog, Galen, Gluteus maximus, Hip bone, Horse, Human body, Human embryogenesis, Iliac fossa, Iliacus muscle, Iliolumbar ligament, Iliopectineal line, Ilium (bone), Intervertebral disc, Koine Greek, Late Latin, Linea terminalis, Lumbar plexus, Lumbar vertebrae, Lumbosacral trunk, Multifidus muscle, Neural tube, Notochord, Osteopathy, Pelvic brim, Pelvic cavity, Pelvic inlet, Pelvimetry, Pelvis, Piriformis muscle, Psoas major muscle, Quadrupedalism, Rump (animal), Sacral plexus, Sacroiliac joint, Sacrospinous ligament, Sacrotuberous ligament, ..., Sacrovertebral angle, Sacrum, Sagittal plane, Sanskrit, Sarcoma, Sex organ, Sexual dimorphism, Sling (implant), Somite, Spina bifida, Spinal canal, Spinal nerve, Synsacrum, Tubercle, Vertebra, Vertebral column, Vertebrate. Expand index (17 more) »

Anatomical terms of location

Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans.

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Antimachus of Colophon (Ἀντίμαχος ὁ Κολοφώνιος), or of Claros, was a Greek poet and grammarian, who flourished about 400 BC.

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Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.

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Birth defect

A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.

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A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.

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Caudal regression syndrome

Caudal regression syndrome, or sacral agenesis (or hypoplasia of the sacrum), is a congenital disorder in which there is abnormal fetal development of the lower spine—the caudal partition of the spine.

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Chordoma is a rare slow-growing neoplasm thought to arise from cellular remnants of the notochord.

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Christian Weise

Christian Weise (30 April 1642 – 21 October 1708), also known under the pseudonyms Siegmund Gleichviel, Orontes, Catharinus Civilis and Tarquinius Eatullus, was a German writer, dramatist, poet, pedagogue and librarian of the Baroque era.

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Coccygeus muscle

The Coccygeus is a muscle of the pelvic floor, located posterior to levator ani and anterior to the sacrospinous ligament.

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The coccyx, commonly referred to as the tailbone, is the final segment of the vertebral column in humans and apes, and certain other mammals such as horses.

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Deutsches Wörterbuch

The Deutsches Wörterbuch (The German Dictionary), abbreviated DWB, is the largest and most comprehensive dictionary of the German language in existence.

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The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.

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White fibrocartilage consists of a mixture of white fibrous tissue and cartilaginous tissue in various proportions.

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A frog is any member of a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians composing the order Anura (Ancient Greek ἀν-, without + οὐρά, tail).

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Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 AD – /), often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire.

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Gluteus maximus

The gluteus maximus (also known collectively with the gluteus medius and minimus, as the gluteal muscles, and sometimes referred to informally as the "glutes") is the main extensor muscle of the hip.

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Hip bone

The hip bone (os coxa, innominate bone, pelvic bone or coxal bone) is a large flat bone, constricted in the center and expanded above and below.

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The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.

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Human body

The human body is the entire structure of a human being.

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Human embryogenesis

Human embryogenesis is the process of cell division and cellular differentiation of the embryo that occurs during the early stages of development.

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Iliac fossa

The iliac fossa is a large, smooth, concave surface on the internal surface of the ilium (part of the 3 fused bones making the hip bone).

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Iliacus muscle

The iliacus is a flat, triangular muscle which fills the iliac fossa.

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Iliolumbar ligament

The iliolumbar ligament is a strong ligament passing from the tip of the transverse process of the fifth lumbar vertebra to the posterior part of the inner lip of the iliac crest (upper margin of ilium).

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Iliopectineal line

The iliopectineal line is the border of the iliopubic eminence.

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Ilium (bone)

The ilium (plural ilia) is the uppermost and largest part of the hip bone, and appears in most vertebrates including mammals and birds, but not bony fish.

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Intervertebral disc

An intervertebral disc (or intervertebral fibrocartilage) lies between adjacent vertebrae in the vertebral column.

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Koine Greek

Koine Greek,.

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Late Latin

Late Latin is the scholarly name for the written Latin of Late Antiquity.

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Linea terminalis

The linea terminalis or innominate line consists of the pectineal line (pecten pubis), the arcuate line, the pubic crest, the sacral ala, and the sacral promontory.

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Lumbar plexus

The lumbar plexus is a web of nerves (a nervous plexus) in the lumbar region of the body which forms part of the larger lumbosacral plexus.

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Lumbar vertebrae

The lumbar vertebrae are, in human anatomy, the five vertebrae between the rib cage and the pelvis.

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Lumbosacral trunk

The lumbosacral trunk is nervous tissue that connects the lumbar plexus with the sacral plexus.

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Multifidus muscle

The Multifidus (multifidus spinae: pl. Multifidi) muscle consists of a number of fleshy and tendinous fasciculi, which fill up the groove on either side of the spinous processes of the vertebrae, from the sacrum to the axis.

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Neural tube

In the developing chordate (including vertebrates), the neural tube is the embryonic precursor to the central nervous system, which is made up of the brain and spinal cord.

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In anatomy, the notochord is a flexible rod made out of a material similar to cartilage.

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Osteopathy is a type of alternative medicine that emphasizes manual readjustments, myofascial release and other physical manipulation of muscle tissue and bones.

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Pelvic brim

The pelvic brim is the edge of the pelvic inlet.

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Pelvic cavity

The pelvic cavity is a body cavity that is bounded by the bones of the pelvis.

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Pelvic inlet

The pelvic inlet or superior aperture of the pelvis is a planar surface which defines the boundary between the pelvic cavity and the abdominal cavity (or, according to some authors, between two parts of the pelvic cavity, called lesser pelvis and greater pelvis).

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Pelvimetry is the measurement of the female pelvis.

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The pelvis (plural pelves or pelvises) is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the thighs (sometimes also called pelvic region of the trunk) or the skeleton embedded in it (sometimes also called bony pelvis, or pelvic skeleton).

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Piriformis muscle

The piriformis is a muscle in the gluteal region of the lower limb.

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Psoas major muscle

The psoas major (from Greek: ψόας - psóās: 'of the loins', genitive singular form of ψόα - psóa 'the loins') is a long fusiform muscle located on the side of the lumbar region of the vertebral column and brim of the lesser pelvis.

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Quadrupedalism or pronograde posture is a form of terrestrial locomotion in animals using four limbs or legs.

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Rump (animal)

The rump or croup, in the external morphology of an animal, is the portion of the posterior dorsum – that is, posterior to the loins and anterior to the tail.

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Sacral plexus

In human anatomy, the sacral plexus is a nerve plexus which provides motor and sensory nerves for the posterior thigh, most of the lower leg and foot, and part of the pelvis.

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Sacroiliac joint

The sacroiliac joint or SI joint (SIJ) is the joint between the sacrum and the ilium bones of the pelvis, which are connected by strong ligaments.

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Sacrospinous ligament

The sacrospinous ligament (small or anterior sacrosciatic ligament) is a thin, triangular ligament in the human pelvis.

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Sacrotuberous ligament

The sacrotuberous ligament (great or posterior sacrosciatic ligament) is situated at the lower and back part of the pelvis.

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Sacrovertebral angle

The sacrum is curved upon itself and placed very obliquely, its base projecting forward and forming the prominent sacrovertebral angle when articulated with the last lumbar vertebra.

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The sacrum (or; plural: sacra or sacrums) in human anatomy is a large, triangular bone at the base of the spine, that forms by the fusing of sacral vertebrae S1S5 between 18 and 30years of age.

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Sagittal plane

A sagittal plane or longitudinal plane is an anatomical plane which divides the body into right and left parts.

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Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.

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A sarcoma is a cancer that arises from transformed cells of mesenchymal origin.

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Sex organ

A sex organ (or reproductive organ) is any part of an animal's body that is involved in sexual reproduction.

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Sexual dimorphism

Sexual dimorphism is the condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs.

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Sling (implant)

In surgery, a sling is an implant that is intended to provide additional support to a particular tissue.

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Somites (outdated: primitive segments) are divisions of the body of an animal or embryo.

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Spina bifida

Spina bifida is a birth defect where there is incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes around the spinal cord.

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Spinal canal

The spinal canal (or vertebral canal or spinal cavity) is the space in the vertebral column formed by the vertebrae through which the spinal cord passes.

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Spinal nerve

A spinal nerve is a mixed nerve, which carries motor, sensory, and autonomic signals between the spinal cord and the body.

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The synsacrum is a skeletal structure of birds and other dinosaurs, in which the sacrum is extended by incorporation of additional fused or partially fused caudal or lumbar vertebrae.

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In anatomy, a tubercle is any round nodule, small eminence, or warty outgrowth found on external or internal organs of a plant or an animal.

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In the vertebrate spinal column, each vertebra is an irregular bone with a complex structure composed of bone and some hyaline cartilage, the proportions of which vary according to the segment of the backbone and the species of vertebrate.

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Vertebral column

The vertebral column, also known as the backbone or spine, is part of the axial skeleton.

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Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sacrum

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