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Saint Patrick

Index Saint Patrick

Saint Patrick (Patricius; Pádraig; Padrig) was a fifth-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. [1]

267 relations: Acallam na Senórach, Acts of Union 1800, Adze, Airgíalla, Alisma, Anabaptism, Anglesey, Anglican Communion, Annals of the Four Masters, Annals of Ulster, Apostasy, Archbishop of Armagh, Archbishop of York, Ardpatrick, Argyll, Armagh, Aspatria, Auxerre, Auxilius of Ireland, Ériu (journal), Ballad, Bannaventa, Baptism, Bede, Benignus of Armagh, Birdoswald, Bishop of Ossory, Book of Armagh, Boston, Breviary, Brigid of Kildare, Caílte mac Rónáin, Calendar of saints, Calendar of saints (Episcopal Church), Canonization, Caoránach, Carlisle, Cumbria, Catholic Church, Catholic Encyclopedia, Celtic art, Celtic Britons, Celtic polytheism, Ceretic Guletic, Christian cross, Christian cross variants, Christianity, Chronicle of Ireland, Ciarán of Saigir, Clonfert, Columba, ..., Columbanus, Conchobar, Conflation, Connacht, Cornwall, County Antrim, County Armagh, County Carlow, County Donegal, County Down, County Dublin, County Kildare, County Limerick, County Mayo, County Meath, County Wicklow, Croagh Patrick, Cross pattée, Cumméne Find, Cumméne Fota, Curia, Curiales, David Bercot, Dál Riata, Déisi, Díchu, Deacon, Decurion (administrative), Dedication, Diocese of Armagh (Church of Ireland), Domnall Ua Lochlainn, Down Cathedral, Down District Council, Downpatrick, Drogheda, Druid, Dunshaughlin, Easter controversy, Eastern Orthodox Church, Ecclesiastical full moon, Ecclesiastical heraldry, Edward Arthur Thompson, Elderslie, Empiricism, Engineer, England, Equal-to-apostles, Esther Johnson, Evangelism, Excommunication, Fianna, Fintán of Taghmon, Fionn mac Cumhaill, Flag of England, Flag of Scotland, Foclut, Franciscans, Franks, Gaelic Ireland, Gaul, Germanus of Auxerre, Glastonbury Abbey, Gloss (annotation), Goidelic languages, Hadrian's Wall, Hagiography, High King of Ireland, Hill of Tara, Historia Brittonum, Holy day of obligation, Hybridity, Icon, Irish annals, Irish language, Irish Sea, Iserninus, Isle of Man, J. B. Bury, Jack Santino, Jonathan Swift, Junction City, Ohio, Kildare, Killala, Killala Bay, Killashee, Kingdom of Dyfed, Latin, Lérins Abbey, Lóegaire mac Néill, Leinster, Lent, List of Catholic saints, List of kings of Leinster, List of saints, Llanbadrig, Loíza, Puerto Rico, Lorica (prayer), Lough Derg (Ulster), Luke Wadding, Lutheranism, Mac Giolla Phádraig dynasty, Marmoutier Abbey, Tours, Metropolitan bishop, Missionary, Mochta, Montserrat, Moses, Muirchú moccu Machtheni, Munster, Murcia, Naas, National Museum of Ireland, Nigeria, Northern Ireland, Nun, Oilliphéist, Oisín, Old Catholic Church, Old Irish, Old Kilpatrick, Open letter, Order of St Patrick, Ordination, Palladius (bishop of Ireland), Paralegal, Patreksfjörður, Patricia Monaghan, Patrician Brothers, Patrick Bergin, Patrickswell, Patron saint, Pelagianism, Picts, Pope Agatho, Pope Boniface IV, Pope Celestine I, Priest, Primacy of Ireland, Primate (bishop), Primitive Irish, Project Gutenberg, Prosper of Aquitaine, Puerto Rico, Ramsay MacMullen, Ravenglass, Reliquary, Renfrewshire, Robert Southey, Rock of Cashel, Rolla, Missouri, Roman Britain, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Armagh, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark, Roman Empire, Romano-British culture, Rouen, Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Saint Patrick, Saint Patrick Visitor Centre, Saint Patrick's Day, Saint Patrick's Saltire, Saltire, Saul, County Down, Secundinus, Shamrock, Sin, Slane, Slavery in medieval Europe, Slemish, Snake, Solemnity, St Patrick halfpenny, St Patrick's Chapel, Heysham, St Patrick's Island, St Patrick's Isle, St Patrick's Purgatory, St Patrick's, Newfoundland and Labrador, St. George and the Dragon (ballad), St. Patrick's blue, St. Patrick: The Irish Legend, Stained glass, Stephen R. Lawhead, Synaxarium, T. F. O'Rahilly, Tírechán, Templepatrick, The Irish Times, The Mall, London, Tonsure, Topos, Trinity, Triple deity, Triskelion, Uí Ceinnselaig, Uí Liatháin, Uí Néill, Ulaid, Ulster, Ultan of Ardbraccan, Union Jack, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, University College Cork, University of Adelaide, Veneration, Vetus Latina, Victricius, Viking art, Vulgate, Waterford, Western Christianity, Wicklow, Wild boar, Wilfrid II (bishop of York), Will and testament, William Maunsell Hennessy. Expand index (217 more) »

Acallam na Senórach

Acallam na Senórach (Modern Irish: Agallamh na Seanórach, whose title in English has been given variously as Colloquy with the Ancients, Tales of the Elders of Ireland, The Dialogue of the Ancients of Ireland, etc.), is an important prosimetric Middle Irish narrative dating to the last quarter of the 12th century.

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Acts of Union 1800

The Acts of Union 1800 (sometimes erroneously referred to as a single Act of Union 1801) were parallel acts of the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of Ireland which united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland (previously in personal union) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

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The adze (alternative spelling: adz) is a cutting tool shaped somewhat like an axe that dates back to the stone age.

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Airgíalla (Modern Irish: Oirialla, English: Oriel, Latin: Ergallia) was a medieval Irish over-kingdom and the collective name for the confederation of tribes that formed it.

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Alisma is a genus of flowering plants in the family Alismataceae, members of which are commonly known as water-plantains.

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Anabaptism (from Neo-Latin anabaptista, from the Greek ἀναβαπτισμός: ἀνά- "re-" and βαπτισμός "baptism", Täufer, earlier also WiedertäuferSince the middle of the 20th century, the German-speaking world no longer uses the term "Wiedertäufer" (translation: "Re-baptizers"), considering it biased. The term Täufer (translation: "Baptizers") is now used, which is considered more impartial. From the perspective of their persecutors, the "Baptizers" baptized for the second time those "who as infants had already been baptized". The denigrative term Anabaptist signifies rebaptizing and is considered a polemical term, so it has been dropped from use in modern German. However, in the English-speaking world, it is still used to distinguish the Baptizers more clearly from the Baptists, a Protestant sect that developed later in England. Cf. their self-designation as "Brethren in Christ" or "Church of God":.) is a Christian movement which traces its origins to the Radical Reformation.

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Anglesey (Ynys Môn) is an island situated on the north coast of Wales with an area of.

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Anglican Communion

The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.

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Annals of the Four Masters

The Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland (Annála Ríoghachta Éireann) or the Annals of the Four Masters (Annála na gCeithre Máistrí) are chronicles of medieval Irish history.

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Annals of Ulster

The Annals of Ulster (Annála Uladh) are annals of medieval Ireland.

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Apostasy (ἀποστασία apostasia, "a defection or revolt") is the formal disaffiliation from, or abandonment or renunciation of a religion by a person.

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Archbishop of Armagh

The Archbishop of Armagh is an archiepiscopacy in both the Church of Ireland and the Roman Catholic Church, two of the main Christian churches in Ireland.

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Archbishop of York

The Archbishop of York is a senior bishop in the Church of England, second only to the Archbishop of Canterbury.

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Ardpatrick is a small village in Limerick, Ireland.

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Argyll (archaically Argyle, Earra-Ghàidheal in modern Gaelic), sometimes anglicised as Argyllshire, is a historic county and registration county of western Scotland.

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Armagh is the county town of County Armagh and a city in Northern Ireland, as well as a civil parish.

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Aspatria is a civil parish in the non-metropolitan district of Allerdale, and is currently embraced in the Parliamentary constituency of Workington, Cumbria, England.

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Auxerre is the capital of the Yonne department and the fourth-largest city in Burgundy.

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Auxilius of Ireland

Saint Auxilius, or Usaille,Sabine Baring-Gould, The Lives of the Saints (J. Hodges, 1898), 275.

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Ériu (journal)

Ériu is an academic journal of Irish language studies.

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A ballad is a form of verse, often a narrative set to music.

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Bannaventa was a Romano-British fortified town which was situated on the Roman road of Watling Street, which today is known as the A5 trunk road.

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Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.

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Bede (italic; 672/3 – 26 May 735), also known as Saint Bede, Venerable Bede, and Bede the Venerable (Bēda Venerābilis), was an English Benedictine monk at the monastery of St.

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Benignus of Armagh

Saint Benignus of Armagh (died 467) was the son of Sesenen, an Irish chieftain in the part of Ireland that is now called as County Meath.

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Birdoswald is a former farm in the civil parish of Waterhead in the English county of Cumbria (formerly in Cumberland).

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Bishop of Ossory

The Bishop of Ossory is an episcopal title which takes its name after the ancient of Kingdom of Ossory in the Province of Leinster, Ireland.

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Book of Armagh

The Book of Armagh or Codex Ardmachanus (ar or 61), also known as the Canon of Patrick and the Liber Ar(d)machanus, is a 9th-century Irish illuminated manuscript written mainly in Latin.

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Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.

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The Breviary (Latin: breviarium) is a book in many Western Christian denominations that "contains all the liturgical texts for the Office, whether said in choir or in private." Historically, different breviaries were used in the various parts of Christendom, such as Aberdeen Breviary, Belleville Breviary, Stowe Breviary and Isabella Breviary, although eventually the Roman Breviary became the standard within the Roman Catholic Church.

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Brigid of Kildare

Saint Brigid of Kildare or Brigid of Ireland (Naomh Bríd; Brigida; 525) is one of Ireland's patron saints, along with Patrick and Columba.

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Caílte mac Rónáin

Caílte (or Modern Irish Caoilte) mac Rónáin was a nephew of Fionn mac Cumhaill and a member of the fianna in the Fenian Cycle of Irish mythology.

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Calendar of saints

The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.

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Calendar of saints (Episcopal Church)

The veneration of saints in the Episcopal Church is a continuation of an ancient tradition from the early Church which honors important and influential people of the Christian faith.

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Canonization is the act by which a Christian church declares that a person who has died was a saint, upon which declaration the person is included in the "canon", or list, of recognized saints.

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In Irish folklore, Caoránach was said to be the mother of demons and devils who was banished by Saint Patrick to Loch Dearg in Donegal, Ulster.

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Carlisle, Cumbria

Carlisle (or from Cumbric: Caer Luel Cathair Luail) is the county town of Cumbria.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Catholic Encyclopedia

The Catholic Encyclopedia: An International Work of Reference on the Constitution, Doctrine, Discipline, and History of the Catholic Church, also referred to as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia and the Original Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in the United States and designed to serve the Roman Catholic Church.

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Celtic art

Celtic art is associated with the peoples known as Celts; those who spoke the Celtic languages in Europe from pre-history through to the modern period, as well as the art of ancient peoples whose language is uncertain, but have cultural and stylistic similarities with speakers of Celtic languages.

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Celtic Britons

The Britons, also known as Celtic Britons or Ancient Britons, were Celtic people who inhabited Great Britain from the British Iron Age into the Middle Ages, at which point their culture and language diverged into the modern Welsh, Cornish and Bretons (among others).

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Celtic polytheism

Celtic polytheism, commonly known as Celtic paganism, comprises the religious beliefs and practices adhered to by the Iron Age people of Western Europe now known as the Celts, roughly between 500 BCE and 500 CE, spanning the La Tène period and the Roman era, and in the case of the Insular Celts the British and Irish Iron Age.

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Ceretic Guletic

Ceretic Guletic of Alt Clut was a king of Alt Clut (modern Dumbarton) in the 5th century.

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Christian cross

The Christian cross, seen as a representation of the instrument of the crucifixion of Jesus, is the best-known symbol of Christianity.

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Christian cross variants

This is a list of Christian cross variants.

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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Chronicle of Ireland

The Chronicle of Ireland is the modern name for a hypothesized collection of ecclesiastical annals recording events in Ireland from 432 to 911 AD.

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Ciarán of Saigir

Ciarán of Saigir (5th century &ndash), also known as Ciarán mac Luaigne or Saint Kieran (Cieran), was one of the Twelve Apostles of Ireland and is considered the first saint to have been born in Ireland,Catholic Online.

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Clonfert is a small village in east County Galway, Ireland, halfway between Ballinasloe and Portumna.

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Saint Columba (Colm Cille, 'church dove'; Columbkille; 7 December 521 – 9 June 597) was an Irish abbot and missionary credited with spreading Christianity in what is today Scotland at the start of the Hiberno-Scottish mission.

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Columbanus (Columbán, 543 – 21 November 615), also known as St.

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Conchobar (also spelled Conchobor, Conchobur; in Modern Irish: Conchobhar, Conchubhar, Conchúr) is an Irish male name meaning "lover of canines".

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Conflation happens when the identities of two or more individuals, concepts, or places, sharing some characteristics of one another, seem to be a single identity, and the differences appear to become lost.

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ConnachtPage five of An tOrdú Logainmneacha (Contaetha agus Cúigí) 2003 clearly lists the official spellings of the names of the four provinces of the country with Connacht listed for both languages; when used without the term 'The province of' / 'Cúige'.

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Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.

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County Antrim

County Antrim (named after the town of Antrim)) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of and has a population of about 618,000. County Antrim has a population density of 203 people per square kilometre or 526 people per square mile. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster. The Glens of Antrim offer isolated rugged landscapes, the Giant's Causeway is a unique landscape and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bushmills produces whiskey, and Portrush is a popular seaside resort and night-life area. The majority of Belfast, the capital city of Northern Ireland, is in County Antrim, with the remainder being in County Down. It is currently one of only two counties of Ireland to have a majority of the population from a Protestant background, according to the 2001 census. The other is County Down to the south.

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County Armagh

County Armagh (named after its county town, Armagh) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland.

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County Carlow

County Carlow (Contae Cheatharlach) is a county in Ireland, part of the South-East Region and the province of Leinster.

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County Donegal

County Donegal (Contae Dhún na nGall) is a county of Ireland in the province of Ulster.

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County Down

County Down is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland.

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County Dublin

County Dublin (Contae Bhaile Átha Cliath or Contae Átha Cliath) is a county in Ireland.

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County Kildare

County Kildare (Contae Chill Dara) is a county in Ireland.

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County Limerick

County Limerick (Contae Luimnigh) is a county in Ireland.

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County Mayo

County Mayo (Contae Mhaigh Eo, meaning "Plain of the yew trees") is a county in Ireland.

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County Meath

County Meath (Contae na Mí or simply an Mhí) is a county in Ireland.

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County Wicklow

County Wicklow (Contae Chill Mhantáin) is a county in Ireland.

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Croagh Patrick

Croagh Patrick, nicknamed the Reek, is a mountain and an important site of pilgrimage in County Mayo, Ireland.

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Cross pattée

A cross pattée (or "cross patty" or "cross Pate", known also as "cross formée/formy" or croix pattée) is a type of Christian cross, which has arms narrow at the center, and often flared in a curve or straight line shape, to be broader at the perimeter.

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Cumméne Find

Cumméne Find (Latinised, Cummeneus Albus, Cumméne "the White", died 669) was the seventh abbot of Iona (657–669).

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Cumméne Fota

Cumméne Fota or Cummian (fl. c. 591 – 12 November 661 or 662) was an Irish bishop.

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Curia (Latin plural curiae) in ancient Rome referred to one of the original groupings of the citizenry, eventually numbering 30, and later every Roman citizen was presumed to belong to one.

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In Ancient Rome, the curiales (from co + viria, 'gathering of men') were initially the leading members of a gentes (clan) of the city of Rome.

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David Bercot

David W. Bercot (born April 13, 1950) is an attorney, author, and international speaker.

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Dál Riata

Dál Riata or Dál Riada (also Dalriada) was a Gaelic overkingdom that included parts of western Scotland and northeastern Ireland, on each side of the North Channel.

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The Déisi were a class of peoples in ancient and medieval Ireland.

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Saint Díchu mac Trichim was the first convert of Saint Patrick in Ireland.

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A deacon is a member of the diaconate, an office in Christian churches that is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions.

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Decurion (administrative)

A decurion was a member of a city senate in the Roman Empire.

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Dedication is the act of consecrating an altar, temple, church, or other sacred building.

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Diocese of Armagh (Church of Ireland)

The Diocese of Armagh is the metropolitan diocese of the ecclesiastical province of Armagh, the Church of Ireland province that covers the northern half (approximately) of the island of Ireland.

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Domnall Ua Lochlainn

Domhnall Ua Lochlainn (old spelling: Domnall Ua Lochlainn) (1048 – 10 February 1121), also known as Domhnall Mac Lochlainn (old spelling: Domnall Mac Lochlainn), claimed to be High King of Ireland.

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Down Cathedral

Down Cathedral, the Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, is a Church of Ireland cathedral located in the town of Downpatrick in Northern Ireland.

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Down District Council

Down District Council was a Local Council in County Down in Northern Ireland.

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Downpatrick is a small-sized town about south of Belfast in County Down, Northern Ireland.

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Drogheda is one of the oldest towns in Ireland.

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A druid (derwydd; druí; draoidh) was a member of the high-ranking professional class in ancient Celtic cultures.

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Dunshaughlin (or locally (St Seachnall's Church) is a town in County Meath, Ireland.

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Easter controversy

The controversy over the correct date for Easter began in Early Christianity as early as the 2nd Century A.D. Discussion and disagreement over the best method of computing the date of Easter Sunday has been ongoing and unresolved for centuries.

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.

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Ecclesiastical full moon

An ecclesiastical full moon is formally the 14th day of the ecclesiastical lunar month (an ecclesiastical moon) in an ecclesiastical lunar calendar.

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Ecclesiastical heraldry

Ecclesiastical heraldry refers to the use of heraldry within the Christian Church for dioceses and Christian clergy.

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Edward Arthur Thompson

Edward Arthur Thompson (22 May 1914 – 1 January 1994) was an Irish-born British classicist, medievalist and professor at the University of Nottingham from 1948 to 1979.

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Elderslie (Ach na Feàrna) is a village in the council area and historic county of Renfrewshire in west central Scotland.

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In philosophy, empiricism is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience.

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Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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An equal-to-the-apostles (ἰσαπόστολος, isapóstolos; aequalis apostolis; მოციქულთასწორი, motsikultastsori; întocmai cu Apostolii; равноапостольный, ravnoapostol'nyj; Bulgarian and Serbian: равноапостолни, ravnoapostolni; i barabartë me Apostolët) is a special title given to some saints in Eastern Orthodoxy and in Byzantine Catholicism.

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Esther Johnson

Esther Johnson (March 13, 1681 – January 28, 1728) was the English friend of Jonathan Swift, known as "Stella".

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In Christianity, Evangelism is the commitment to or act of publicly preaching of the Gospel with the intention of spreading the message and teachings of Jesus Christ.

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Excommunication is an institutional act of religious censure used to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community or to restrict certain rights within it, in particular receiving of the sacraments.

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Fianna (singular fiann, Scottish Gaelic: An Fhèinne) were small, semi-independent warrior bands in Irish mythology.

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Fintán of Taghmon

Saint Fintán, or Munnu (died 635) is one of the Orthodox Saints of Ireland and Britain venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church who served in Ireland and Scotland being the founder and abbot of the abbey at Teach-Mhunn - The House of Saint Munn - where his bed may be visited as a pilgrimage; today Taghmon is in the County Wexford, in the province of Leinster Ireland.

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Fionn mac Cumhaill

Fionn mac Cumhaill (Old and Find or Finn mac Cumail or Umaill, sometimes transcribed in English as MacCool or MacCoul) was a mythical hunter-warrior of Irish mythology, occurring also in the mythologies of Scotland and the Isle of Man.

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Flag of England

The flag of England is derived from St George's Cross (heraldic blazon: Argent, a cross gules).

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Flag of Scotland

The Flag of Scotland (bratach na h-Alba; Banner o Scotland) is also known as St Andrew's Cross or the Saltire.

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Focluth was the name of an ancient forest in Ireland.

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The Franciscans are a group of related mendicant religious orders within the Catholic Church, founded in 1209 by Saint Francis of Assisi.

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The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) were a collection of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, on the edge of the Roman Empire.

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Gaelic Ireland

Gaelic Ireland (Éire Ghaidhealach) was the Gaelic political and social order, and associated culture, that existed in Ireland from the prehistoric era until the early 17th century.

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Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.

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Germanus of Auxerre

Germanus of Auxerre (Welsh: Garmon Sant) (c. 378 – c. 448) was a bishop of Auxerre in Late Antique Gaul.

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Glastonbury Abbey

Glastonbury Abbey was a monastery in Glastonbury, Somerset, England.

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Gloss (annotation)

A gloss is a brief notation, especially a marginal one or an interlinear one, of the meaning of a word or wording in a text.

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Goidelic languages

The Goidelic or Gaelic languages (teangacha Gaelacha; cànanan Goidhealach; çhengaghyn Gaelgagh) form one of the two groups of Insular Celtic languages, the other being the Brittonic languages.

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Hadrian's Wall

Hadrian's Wall (Vallum Aelium), also called the Roman Wall, Picts' Wall, or Vallum Hadriani in Latin, was a defensive fortification in the Roman province of Britannia, begun in AD 122 in the reign of the emperor Hadrian.

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A hagiography is a biography of a saint or an ecclesiastical leader.

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High King of Ireland

The High Kings of Ireland (Ard-Rí na hÉireann) were sometimes historical and sometimes legendary figures who had, or who are claimed to have had, lordship over the whole of Ireland.

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Hill of Tara

The Hill of Tara (Teamhair or Teamhair na Rí), located near the River Boyne, is an archaeological complex that runs between Navan and Dunshaughlin in County Meath, Ireland.

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Historia Brittonum

The History of the Britons (Historia Brittonum) is a purported history of the indigenous British (Brittonic) people that was written around 828 and survives in numerous recensions that date from after the 11th century.

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Holy day of obligation

In the Catholic Church, holy days of obligation (also called holydays, holidays, or days of obligation) are days on which the faithful are expected to attend Mass, and engage in rest from work and recreation, according to the Third Commandment.

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Hybridity, in its most basic sense, refers to mixture.

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An icon (from Greek εἰκών eikōn "image") is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, from the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, and certain Eastern Catholic churches.

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Irish annals

A number of Irish annals, of which the earliest was the Chronicle of Ireland, were compiled up to and shortly after the end of the 17th century.

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Irish language

The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.

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Irish Sea

The Irish Sea (Muir Éireann / An Mhuir Mheann, Y Keayn Yernagh, Erse Sea, Muir Èireann, Ulster-Scots: Airish Sea, Môr Iwerddon) separates the islands of Ireland and Great Britain; linked to the Celtic Sea in the south by St George's Channel, and to the Inner Seas off the West Coast of Scotland in the north by the Straits of Moyle.

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Saint Iserninus (or Isernius) (c. 456 AD) was an early Christian missionary of Ireland who is associated with Saint Patrick and Saint Auxilius in establishing Christianity in the south of that island.

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Isle of Man

The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.

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J. B. Bury

John Bagnell Bury, (16 October 1861 – 1 June 1927) was an Irish historian, classical scholar, Medieval Roman historian and philologist.

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Jack Santino

Jack (John Francis) Santino, Ph.D. is an academic folklorist.

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Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.

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Junction City, Ohio

Junction City is a village in Perry County, Ohio, United States.

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Kildare is a town in County Kildare, Ireland.

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Killala is a village in County Mayo in Ireland, north of Ballina.

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Killala Bay

Killala Bay (Cuan Chill Ala) is a bay on the west coast of Ireland between County Mayo and County Sligo.

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Killashee is a village in County Longford, Ireland.

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Kingdom of Dyfed

The Kingdom of Dyfed is one of several Welsh petty kingdoms that emerged in 5th-century sub-Roman Britain in southwest Wales based on the former territory of the Demetae (modern Welsh Dyfed).

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Lérins Abbey

Lérins Abbey is a Cistercian monastery on the island of Saint-Honorat, one of the Lérins Islands, on the French Riviera, with an active monastic community.

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Lóegaire mac Néill

Lóegaire (floruit fifth century) (reigned 428–458 AD, according to the Annals of the Four Masters of the Kingdom of Ireland)(died c. 462), also Lóeguire, is said to have been a son of Niall of the Nine Hostages.

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Leinster (— Laighin / Cúige Laighean — /) is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the east of Ireland.

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Lent (Latin: Quadragesima: Fortieth) is a solemn religious observance in the Christian liturgical calendar that begins on Ash Wednesday and ends approximately six weeks later, before Easter Sunday.

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List of Catholic saints

This is an incomplete list of people and angels whom the Catholic Church has canonized as saints.

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List of kings of Leinster

The following is a provisional list of the Kings of Leinster who ruled the Irish kingdom of Leinster (or Laigin) up to 1632 with the death of Domhnall Spainneach Mac Murrough Caomhanach, the last legitimately inaugurated head of the MacMurrough Kavanagh royal line.

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List of saints

This is an incomplete list of Christian saints in alphabetical order by Christian name, but, where known and given, a surname, location, or personal attribute (included as part of the name) may affect the ordering.

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Llanbadrig is a village community and electoral ward in the Welsh county of Anglesey.

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Loíza, Puerto Rico

Loíza is a town and municipality on the northeastern coast of Puerto Rico, north of Canóvanas; east of Carolina, Puerto Rico; and west of Río Grande, Puerto Rico.

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Lorica (prayer)

In the Christian monastic tradition, a lorica is a prayer recited for protection.

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Lough Derg (Ulster)

Lough Derg or Loch Derg is a lake in County Donegal, Republic of Ireland.

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Luke Wadding

Luke Wadding, O.F.M. (16 October 1588 – 18 November 1657), was an Irish Franciscan friar and historian.

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Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

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Mac Giolla Phádraig dynasty

Mac Giolla Phádraig (pronunciation) (alternately Mac Gilla Pátraic) is a native Irish dynastic surname which translates into English as "Son of the Devotee of (St.) Patrick".

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Marmoutier Abbey, Tours

Marmoutier Abbey — also known as the Abbey of Marmoutier or Marmoutiers — was an early monastery outside Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France.

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Metropolitan bishop

In Christian churches with episcopal polity, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop of a metropolis (then more precisely called metropolitan archbishop); that is, the chief city of a historical Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital.

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A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.

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Saint Mochta, Mochtae, or Mahew (died 20 August 535, or A.D. 537), in Latin sources Maucteus or Mauchteus, was the last surviving disciple of St. Patrick.

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Montserrat is a Caribbean island in the Leeward Islands, which is part of the chain known as the Lesser Antilles, in the West Indies.

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Mosesמֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Mūše; موسى; Mωϋσῆς was a prophet in the Abrahamic religions.

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Muirchú moccu Machtheni

Muirchú moccu Machtheni (Latin: Maccutinus), usually known simply as Muirchú, was born sometime in the seventh century.

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Munster (an Mhumhain / Cúige Mumhan,.

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Murcia is a city in south-eastern Spain, the capital and most populous city of the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia, and the seventh largest city in the country, with a population of 442,573 inhabitants in 2009 (about one third of the total population of the Region).

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Naas (Nás na Ríogh, or An Nás) is the county town of County Kildare in Ireland.

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National Museum of Ireland

The National Museum of Ireland (Ard-Mhúsaem na hÉireann) is Ireland's leading museum institution, with a strong emphasis on national and some international archaeology, Irish history, Irish art, culture, and natural history.

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Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.

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Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.

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A nun is a member of a religious community of women, typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience in the enclosure of a monastery.

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The Oilliphéist is a dragon-like monster in Irish mythology.

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Oisín (anglicized often as), Osian, Ossian, or Osheen was regarded in legend as the greatest poet of Ireland, and is a warrior of the fianna in the Ossianic or Fenian Cycle of Irish mythology.

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Old Catholic Church

The term Old Catholic Church was used from the 1850s, by groups which had separated from the Roman Catholic Church over certain doctrines, primarily concerned with papal authority; some of these groups, especially in the Netherlands, had already existed long before the term.

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Old Irish

Old Irish (Goídelc; Sean-Ghaeilge; Seann Ghàidhlig; Shenn Yernish; sometimes called Old Gaelic) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant.

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Old Kilpatrick

Old Kilpatrick (Auld Kilpaitrick, Cille Phàdraig meaning "Patrick's church"), is a village in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland.

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Open letter

An open letter is a letter that is intended to be read by a wide audience, or a letter intended for an individual, but that is nonetheless widely distributed intentionally.

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Order of St Patrick

The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick is a dormant British order of chivalry associated with Ireland.

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Ordination is the process by which individuals are consecrated, that is, set apart as clergy to perform various religious rites and ceremonies.

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Palladius (bishop of Ireland)

Palladius (fl. A.D. 408–431; died A.D. 457/461) was the first Bishop of the Christians of Ireland, preceding Saint Patrick; the two were perhaps conflated in many later Irish traditions.

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A paralegal is an individual, qualified by education, training or work experience, who is employed or retained by a lawyer, law office, corporation, governmental agency, or other entity and who performs specifically delegated substantive legal work for which a lawyer is responsible.

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Patreksfjörður ("Patrick's fjord") is an Icelandic village in the Westfjords with 687 inhabitants (2017 census).

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Patricia Monaghan

No description.

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Patrician Brothers

The Patrician Brothers, or Brothers of Saint Patrick, are an Ireland-based Roman Catholic congregation for the religious and literary education of youth and the instruction of the faithful in Christian piety.

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Patrick Bergin

Patrick Connolly Bergin (born 4 February 1951) is an Irish actor perhaps best known for his leading role opposite Julia Roberts in Sleeping with the Enemy (1991) and for playing the villainous Aidan Maguire in the BBC soap EastEnders (2017–2018).

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Patrickswell, historically known as Toberpatrick, is a small town in County Limerick, Ireland.

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Patron saint

A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.

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Pelagianism is the belief that original sin did not taint human nature and that mortal will is still capable of choosing good or evil without special divine aid.

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The Picts were a tribal confederation of peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods.

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Pope Agatho

Pope Agatho (died January 681) served as the Pope from 27 June 678 until his death in 681.

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Pope Boniface IV

Pope Boniface IV (Bonifatius IV; d. 8 May 615) was Pope from 25 September 608 to his death in 615.

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Pope Celestine I

Pope Celestine I (Caelestinus I; d. 1 August 432) was Pope from 10 September 422 to his death in 432.

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A priest or priestess (feminine) is a religious leader authorized to perform the sacred rituals of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and one or more deities.

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Primacy of Ireland

The Primacy of Ireland was historically disputed between the Archbishop of Armagh and the Archbishop of Dublin until finally settled by Pope Innocent VI.

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Primate (bishop)

Primate is a title or rank bestowed on some archbishops in certain Christian churches.

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Primitive Irish

Primitive Irish or Archaic Irish (Gaeilge Ársa) is the oldest known form of the Goidelic languages.

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Project Gutenberg

Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".

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Prosper of Aquitaine

Saint Prosper of Aquitaine (Prosper Aquitanus; – AD), a Christian writer and disciple of Saint Augustine of Hippo, was the first continuator of Jerome's Universal Chronicle.

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Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.

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Ramsay MacMullen

Ramsay MacMullen (born March 3, 1928 in New York City) is an Emeritus Professor of history at Yale University, where he taught from 1967 to his retirement in 1993 as Dunham Professor of History and Classics.

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Ravenglass is a small coastal village and natural harbour in Cumbria, England roughly halfway between Barrow-in-Furness and Whitehaven.

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A reliquary (also referred to as a shrine or by the French term châsse) is a container for relics.

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Renfrewshire (Siorrachd Rinn Friù, Renfrewshire) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland.

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Robert Southey

Robert Southey (or 12 August 1774 – 21 March 1843) was an English poet of the Romantic school, one of the "Lake Poets" along with William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and England's Poet Laureate for 30 years from 1813 until his death in 1843.

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Rock of Cashel

The Rock of Cashel (Carraig Phádraig), also known as Cashel of the Kings and St.

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Rolla, Missouri

Rolla is a city in and the county seat of Phelps County, Missouri, United States.

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Roman Britain

Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") was the area of the island of Great Britain that was governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 410 AD.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Armagh

The Archdiocese of Armagh (Archidioecesis Ardmachana; Ard-Deoise Ard Mhacha) is a Roman Catholic archdiocese in the northern part of Ireland.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne is a Latin Rite metropolitan archdiocese, in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York is a Latin Catholic archdiocese in New York State.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark

The Archdiocese of Newark is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church in northeastern New Jersey, United States.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Romano-British culture

Romano-British culture is the culture that arose in Britain under the Roman Empire following the Roman conquest in AD 43 and the creation of the province of Britannia.

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Rouen (Frankish: Rodomo; Rotomagus, Rothomagus) is a city on the River Seine in the north of France.

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Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland

The Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland is a learned society based in Ireland, whose aims are "to preserve, examine and illustrate all ancient monuments and memorials of the arts, manners and customs of the past, as connected with the antiquities, language, literature and history of Ireland".

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Saint Patrick

Saint Patrick (Patricius; Pádraig; Padrig) was a fifth-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland.

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Saint Patrick Visitor Centre

The Saint Patrick Visitor Centre is a modern exhibition complex located in Downpatrick, County Down, Northern Ireland.

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Saint Patrick's Day

Saint Patrick's Day, or the Feast of Saint Patrick (Lá Fhéile Pádraig, "the Day of the Festival of Patrick"), is a cultural and religious celebration held on 17 March, the traditional death date of Saint Patrick (AD 385–461), the foremost patron saint of Ireland.

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Saint Patrick's Saltire

Saint Patrick's Saltire or Saint Patrick's Cross is a red saltire (X-shaped cross) on a white field, used to represent the island of Ireland or Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland.

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A saltire, also called Saint Andrew's Cross, is a heraldic symbol in the form of a diagonal cross, like the shape of the letter X in Roman type.

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Saul, County Down

Saul is the name of a townland (of 488 acres) and civil parish in County Down, Northern Ireland.

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Saint Secundinus (fl. 5th century), or Sechnall (Modern Irish: Seachnall) as he was known in Irish, was founder and patron saint of Domnach Sechnaill, now Dunshaughlin (Co. Meath), who went down in medieval tradition as a disciple of St Patrick and one of the first bishops of Armagh.

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A shamrock is a young sprig, used as a symbol of Ireland.

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In a religious context, sin is the act of transgression against divine law.

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Slane (meaning 'Town of Sláine mac Dela') is a village in County Meath, in Ireland.

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Slavery in medieval Europe

Slavery had mostly died out in western Europe about the year 1000, replaced by serfdom.

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Slemish, historically called Slieve Mish, is a mountain in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.

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Snakes are elongated, legless, carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes.

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A solemnity is a feast day of the highest rank in the liturgical calendar of the Roman Rite, celebrating a mystery of faith such as the Trinity, an event in the life of Jesus, his mother Mary, or another important saint.

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St Patrick halfpenny

The St Patrick halfpenny was a milled coin minted in the 17th century in:England,:Ireland and:Wales.

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St Patrick's Chapel, Heysham

St Patrick's Chapel is a ruined building that stands on a headland above St Peter's Church, in Heysham, Lancashire, England.

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St Patrick's Island

St Patrick's Island is the most distant of three low-lying uninhabited islets off the headland of Skerries, County Dublin in Ireland.

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St Patrick's Isle

St Patrick's Isle (Ynnys Pherick) is a small tidal island off the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea, largely occupied by Peel Castle and noted for its attractive and relatively well preserved historic castle ruins.

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St Patrick's Purgatory

St Patrick's Purgatory is an ancient pilgrimage site on Station Island in Lough Derg, County Donegal, Ireland.

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St Patrick's, Newfoundland and Labrador


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St. George and the Dragon (ballad)


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St. Patrick's blue


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St. Patrick: The Irish Legend


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Stained glass

The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it.

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Stephen R. Lawhead

Stephen R. Lawhead, born, is a UK–based American writer known for his works of fantasy, science fiction, and historical fiction, particularly Celtic historical fiction.

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Synaxarion or Synexarion (plurals Synaxaria, Synexaria; Συναξάριον, from συνάγειν, synagein, "to bring together"; cf. etymology of synaxis and synagogue; Latin: Synaxarium, Synexarium; ⲥϫⲛⲁⲝⲁⲣⲓⲟⲛ) is the name given in the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches to a compilation of hagiographies corresponding roughly to the martyrology of the Roman Church.

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T. F. O'Rahilly

Thomas Francis O'Rahilly (Tomás Ó Rathile; 1883–1953) was an Irish scholar of the Celtic languages, particularly in the fields of historical linguistics and Irish dialects.

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Tírechán was a 7th-century Irish bishop from north Connacht, specifically the Killala Bay area, in what is now County Mayo.

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Templepatrick is a village and civil parish in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.

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The Irish Times

The Irish Times is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper launched on 29 March 1859.

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The Mall, London

The Mall is a road in the City of Westminster, central London, between Buckingham Palace at its western end and Trafalgar Square via Admiralty Arch to the east.

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Tonsure is the practice of cutting or shaving some or all of the hair on the scalp, as a sign of religious devotion or humility.

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In mathematics, a topos (plural topoi or, or toposes) is a category that behaves like the category of sheaves of sets on a topological space (or more generally: on a site).

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The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Greek τριάς and τριάδα, from "threefold") holds that God is one but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons".

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Triple deity

A triple deity (sometimes referred to as threefold, tripled, triplicate, tripartite, triune or triadic, or as a trinity) is three deities that are worshipped as one.

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A triskelion or triskele is a motif consisting of a triple spiral exhibiting rotational symmetry.

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Uí Ceinnselaig

The Uí Ceinnselaig (also Uí Cheinnselaig, Anglicized as Kinsella), from the Old Irish "grandsons of Cennsalach", are an Irish dynasty of Leinster who trace their descent from Énnae Cennsalach, a supposed contemporary of Niall of the Nine Hostages.

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Uí Liatháin

The Uí Liatháin were an early kingdom of Munster in southern Ireland.

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Uí Néill

The Uí Néill (Irish pronunciation:, descendants of Niall) are Irish and Scottish dynasties who claim descent from Niall Noigiallach (Niall of the Nine Hostages), a historical King of Tara who died about 405.

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Ulaid (Old Irish) or Ulaidh (modern Irish)) was a Gaelic over-kingdom in north-eastern Ireland during the Middle Ages, made up of a confederation of dynastic groups. Alternative names include Ulidia, which is the Latin form of Ulaid, as well as in Chóicid, which in Irish means "the Fifth". The king of Ulaid was called the rí Ulad or rí in Chóicid. Ulaid also refers to a people of early Ireland, and it is from them that the province derives its name. Some of the dynasties within the over-kingdom claimed descent from the Ulaid, whilst others are cited as being of Cruithin descent. In historical documents, the term Ulaid was used to refer to the population-group, of which the Dál Fiatach was the ruling dynasty. As such the title Rí Ulad held two meanings: over-king of Ulaid; and king of the Ulaid, as in the Dál Fiatach. The Ulaid feature prominently in the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology. According to legend, the ancient territory of Ulaid spanned the whole of the modern province of Ulster, excluding County Cavan, but including County Louth. Its southern border was said to stretch from the River Drowes in the west to the River Boyne in the east. At the onset of the historic period of Irish history in the 6th century, the territory of Ulaid was largely confined to east of the River Bann, as it is said to have lost land to the Airgíalla and the Northern Uí Néill. Ulaid ceased to exist after its conquest in the late 12th century by the Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy, and was replaced with the Earldom of Ulster. An individual from Ulaid was known in Irish as an Ultach, the nominative plural being Ultaigh. This name lives on in the surname McAnulty or McNulty, from Mac an Ultaigh ("son of the Ulsterman").

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Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.

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Ultan of Ardbraccan


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Union Jack

The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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University College Cork

University College Cork – National University of Ireland, Cork (UCC) (Irish: Coláiste na hOllscoile Corcaigh) is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland, and located in Cork.

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University of Adelaide

The University of Adelaide (informally Adelaide University) is a public university located in Adelaide, South Australia.

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Veneration (Latin veneratio or dulia, Greek δουλεία, douleia), or veneration of saints, is the act of honoring a saint, a person who has been identified as having a high degree of sanctity or holiness.

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Vetus Latina

Vetus Latina ("Old Latin" in Latin), also known as Vetus Itala ("Old Italian"), Itala ("Italian") See, for example, Quedlinburg ''Itala'' fragment.

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Saint Victricius (Victrice; Vittricio) also known as Victricius of Rouen (330 – c. 407 AD) was a bishop of Rouen (393–407), missionary, and author.

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Viking art

Viking art, also known commonly as Norse art, is a term widely accepted for the art of Scandinavia and Viking settlements further afield—particularly in the British Isles and Iceland—during the Viking Age of the 8th-11th centuries CE.

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The Vulgate is a late-4th-century Latin translation of the Bible that became the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version of the Bible during the 16th century.

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Waterford (from Old Norse Veðrafjǫrðr, meaning "ram (wether) fjord") is a city in Ireland.

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Western Christianity

Western Christianity is the type of Christianity which developed in the areas of the former Western Roman Empire.

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Wicklow is the county town of County Wicklow and the capital of the Mid-East Region in Ireland.

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Wild boar

The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.

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Wilfrid II (bishop of York)

Wilfrid (II) or Wilfrith (II) (died on 29 April in either 745 or 746) also known as Wilfrid the Younger, was the last Bishop of York, as the see was converted to an archbishopric during the time of his successor.

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Will and testament

A will or testament is a legal document by which a person, the testator, expresses their wishes as to how their property is to be distributed at death, and names one or more persons, the executor, to manage the estate until its final distribution.

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William Maunsell Hennessy

William Maunsell Hennessy (1829–1889) was an Irish official and scholar.

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Battle for the Body of Saint Patrick, Battle for the Body of St. Patrick, Cothraige, Maewyn, Maewyn Succat, Magonius, Magonus, Magonus Succetus, Naomh Padraig, Naomh Pádraig, Patrick (saint), Patrick of Ireland, Patrick, Saint, Patron saint of Ireland, Saint patrick, St Patrick, St. Pat, St. Patrick, St.Patrick, Succat, Succet, Succetus, Taillcenn, Talcend, Tálcend.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Patrick

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