17 relations: Amino acid, Diabetes mellitus, Gene, Glucose, Growth hormone, Growth hormone deficiency, Growth hormone therapy, Human chorionic gonadotropin, Hypoglycemia, Immortalised cell line, In vitro fertilisation, Infertility, Insulin, Mammal, Merck Serono, Oocyte, Recombinant DNA.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin (or as human growth hormone in its human form), is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration in humans and other animals.
Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a medical condition due to not enough growth hormone (GH).
Growth hormone therapy refers to the use of growth hormone (GH) as a prescription medication—it is one form of hormone therapy.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a hormone produced by the placenta after implantation.
Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels.
An immortalized cell line is a population of cells from a multicellular organism which would normally not proliferate indefinitely but, due to mutation, have evaded normal cellular senescence and instead can keep undergoing division.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro ("in glass").
Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.
Insulin (from Latin insula, island) is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Merck Serono (EMD Serono in the United States and Canada) is a pharmaceutical company headquartered in Darmstadt, Germany, and a brand and division of Merck focused on biopharmaceuticals.
An oocyte, oöcyte, ovocyte, or rarely ocyte, is a female gametocyte or germ cell involved in reproduction.
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) molecules are DNA molecules formed by laboratory methods of genetic recombination (such as molecular cloning) to bring together genetic material from multiple sources, creating sequences that would not otherwise be found in the genome.