87 relations: Antibiotic, Antihistamine, Beta blocker, Blood, Bronchiolitis, Central pontine myelinolysis, Central venous catheter, Cerebral edema, Chloride, Cholera, Coconut water, Common cold, Contact lens, Cystic fibrosis, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Dehydration, Developing country, Diabetic ketoacidosis, Diarrhea, Drop (liquid), Dry eye syndrome, Edema, Equivalent (chemistry), Eye, Eye drop, Fluid balance, Gastroenteritis, Genius Kitchen, Glucose, Half-life, Hanks' salts, Hartog Jacob Hamburger, Health system, Heart failure, HEPES, Hyperchloremic acidosis, Hypernatremia, Hypervolemia, Hyponatremia, Hypovolemia, Infusion set, Intensive care unit, Intracranial pressure, Intravenous sugar solution, Intravenous therapy, Ion, Mass concentration (chemistry), Medicine, Metabolic acidosis, Molality, ..., Molecular biology, Mucus, Naegleria fowleri, Necrosis, Needle exchange programme, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Osmotic coefficient, Osmotic concentration, Parasympatholytic, Parasympathomimetic drug, Patient UK, PH, Phlebitis, Phosphate-buffered saline, Prostaglandin, Ringer's lactate solution, Saline water, Salinometer, Salt, Serum (blood), Sodium, Sodium chloride, Solution, Spitting, Sterilization (microbiology), Steroid, Sydney Ringer, Sympathomimetic drug, Tap water, Tears, The Lancet, Topical anesthetic, Traumatic brain injury, Tris-buffered saline, University of Edinburgh Medical School, WHO Model List of Essential Medicines, William Brooke O'Shaughnessy. Expand index (37 more) » « Shrink index
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Antihistamines are drugs which treat allergic rhinitis and other allergies.
Beta blockers, also written β-blockers, are a class of medications that are particularly used to manage abnormal heart rhythms, and to protect the heart from a second heart attack (myocardial infarction) after a first heart attack (secondary prevention).
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
Bronchiolitis is blockage of the small airway in the lungs due to a viral infection.
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a neurological disorder caused by severe damage of the myelin sheath of nerve cells in the area of the brainstem termed the pons, predominately of iatrogenic, treatment-induced cause.
A central venous catheter (CVC), also known as a central line, central venous line, or central venous access catheter, is a catheter placed into a large vein.
Cerebral edema is excess accumulation of fluid in the intracellular or extracellular spaces of the brain.
The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Coconut water is the clear liquid inside coconuts (which are fruits of the coconut palm).
The common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose.
A contact lens, or simply contact, is a thin lens placed directly on the surface of the eye.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine.
The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (CFF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization in the United States established to provide the means to cure and control cystic fibrosis (CF).
In physiology, dehydration is a deficit of total body water, with an accompanying disruption of metabolic processes.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
A drop or droplet is a small column of liquid, bounded completely or almost completely by free surfaces.
Dry eye syndrome (DES), also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is the condition of having dry eyes.
Edema, also spelled oedema or œdema, is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body, which can cause severe pain.
An equivalent (symbol: equiv) is the amount of a substance that reacts with (or is equivalent to) an arbitrary amount of another substance in a given chemical reaction.
Eyes are organs of the visual system.
Eye drops are saline-containing drops used as an ocular route to administer.
Fluid balance is an aspect of the homeostasis of organisms in which the amount of water in the organism needs to be controlled, via osmoregulation and behavior, such that the concentrations of electrolytes (salts in solution) in the various body fluids are kept within healthy ranges.
Gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract -- the stomach and small intestine.
Genius Kitchen is a digital brand and online social networking service featuring recipes from home cooks and celebrity chefs, food news, new and classic shows, and pop culture.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Half-life (symbol t1⁄2) is the time required for a quantity to reduce to half its initial value.
Hanks' salts is a collective group of salts rich in bicarbonate ions, formulated in 1940 by the microbiologist John H. Hanks.
Hartog Jakob or Hartog Jacob Hamburger (9 March 1859 – 4 January 1924) was a Dutch physiologist, born in Alkmaar.
A health system, also sometimes referred to as health care system or as healthcare system, is the organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations.
Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
HEPES (4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid) is a zwitterionic organic chemical buffering agent; one of the twenty Good's buffers.
Hyperchloremic acidosis is a form of metabolic acidosis associated with a normal anion gap, a decrease in plasma bicarbonate concentration, and an increase in plasma chloride concentration (see anion gap for a fuller explanation).
Hypernatremia, also spelled hypernatraemia, is a high concentration of sodium in the blood.
Hypervolemia, or fluid overload, is the medical condition where there is too much fluid in the blood.
Hyponatremia is a low sodium level in the blood.
Hypovolemia is a state of decreased blood volume; more specifically, decrease in volume of blood plasma.
An infusion set is used with an insulin pump as part of intensive insulin therapy.
Intensive care unit An intensive care unit (ICU), also known as an intensive therapy unit or intensive treatment unit (ITU) or critical care unit (CCU), is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensive treatment medicine.
Intracranial pressure (ICP) is the pressure inside the skull and thus in the brain tissue and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
Intravenous sugar solution, also known as dextrose solution, is a mixture of dextrose (glucose) and water.
Intravenous therapy (IV) is a therapy that delivers liquid substances directly into a vein (intra- + ven- + -ous).
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
In chemistry, the mass concentration is defined as the mass of a constituent divided by the volume of the mixture: For a pure chemical the mass concentration equals its density (mass divided by volume); thus the mass concentration of a component in a mixture can be called the density of a component in a mixture.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Metabolic acidosis is a condition that occurs when the body produces excessive quantities of acid or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body.
Molality, also called molal concentration, is a measure of the concentration of a solute in a solution in terms of amount of substance in a specified amount of mass of the solvent.
Molecular biology is a branch of biology which concerns the molecular basis of biological activity between biomolecules in the various systems of a cell, including the interactions between DNA, RNA, proteins and their biosynthesis, as well as the regulation of these interactions.
Mucus is a slippery aqueous secretion produced by, and covering, mucous membranes.
Naegleria fowleri, colloquially known as the "brain-eating amoeba", is a species of the genus Naegleria, belonging to the phylum Percolozoa.
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
A needle and syringe programme (NSP), syringe-exchange programme (SEP), or needle exchange program (NEP) is a social service that allows injecting drug users (IDUs) to obtain hypodermic needles and associated paraphernalia at little or no cost.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a drug class that reduce pain, decrease fever, prevent blood clots and, in higher doses, decrease inflammation.
An osmotic coefficient φ is a quantity which characterises the deviation of a solvent from ideal behaviour, referenced to Raoult's law.
Osmotic concentration, formerly known as osmolarity, is the measure of solute concentration, defined as the number of osmoles (Osm) of solute per litre (L) of solution (osmol/L or Osm/L).
A parasympatholytic agent is a substance or activity that reduces the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system.
A parasympathomimetic drug, sometimes called a cholinomimetic drug, is a substance that stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system (PSNS).
Patient is an online resource providing information on health, lifestyle, disease and other medical related topics.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Phlebitis or venitis is the inflammation of a vein, usually in the legs.
Phosphate-buffered saline (abbreviated PBS) is a buffer solution commonly used in biological research.
The prostaglandins (PG) are a group of physiologically active lipid compounds having diverse hormone-like effects in animals.
Ringer's lactate solution (RL), also known as sodium lactate solution and Hartmann's solution, is a mixture of sodium chloride, sodium lactate, potassium chloride, and calcium chloride in water.
Saline water (more commonly known as salt water) is water that contains a high concentration of dissolved salts (mainly NaCl).
A salinometer is a device designed to measure the salinity, or dissolved salt content, of a solution.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
In blood, the serum is the component that is neither a blood cell (serum does not contain white or red blood cells) nor a clotting factor; it is the blood plasma not including the fibrinogens.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances.
Spitting is the act of forcibly ejecting saliva or other substances from the mouth.
Sterilization (or sterilisation) refers to any process that eliminates, removes, kills, or deactivates all forms of life and other biological agents (such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, spore forms, prions, unicellular eukaryotic organisms such as Plasmodium, etc.) present in a specified region, such as a surface, a volume of fluid, medication, or in a compound such as biological culture media.
A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.
Sydney Ringer FRS was a British clinician, physiologist and pharmacologist, best known for inventing Ringer's solution.
Sympathomimetic drugs (also known as adrenergic drugs and adrenergic amines) are stimulant compounds which mimic the effects of endogenous agonists of the sympathetic nervous system.
Tap water (running water, city water, town water, municipal water, etc.) is water supplied to a tap (valve).
Tearing, lacrimation, or lachrymation is the secretion of tears, which often serves to clean and lubricate the eyes in response to an irritation of the eyes.
The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.
A topical anesthetic is a local anesthetic that is used to numb the surface of a body part.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force injures the brain.
Tris-buffered saline (abbreviated TBS) is a buffer used in some biochemical techniques to maintain the pH within a relatively narrow range.
The University of Edinburgh Medical School (also known as Edinburgh Medical School) is the medical school of the University of Edinburgh in Scotland and part of the College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, the head of which is Sir John Savill.
The WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (EML), published by the World Health Organization (WHO), contains the medications considered to be most effective and safe to meet the most important needs in a health system.
William Brooke O'Shaughnessy (from 1861 as William O'Shaughnessy Brooke) MD FRS (October 1809, Limerick, Ireland – 8 January 1889, Southsea, England) was an Irish physician famous for his wide-ranging scientific work in pharmacology, chemistry, and inventions related to telegraphy and its use in India.
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