67 relations: Abyssal zone, Artificial seawater, Barilla, Bicarbonate, Biopharmaceutical, Brackish water, Brine, Bromine, Carbon dioxide, Carbonate, Cenote, Chemistry, Chlorine, Conservative temperature, Contour line, CORA dataset, Dead Sea, Density, Desalination, Drinking water, Electrical resistivity and conductivity, Euryhaline, Extremophile, Fresh water, Glasswort, Groundwater, Halide, Halophile, Halophyte, Heat capacity, Hot spring, Hydrography, Limnology, Magnesium sulfate, Mass fraction (chemistry), Nitrogen, Oxygen, Paleosalinity, Per mille, Percentage, PH, Plant, Potassium nitrate, Potential temperature, Pressure, Residual sodium carbonate index, Saline water, Salinity, Salinometer, Salt (chemistry), ..., Salt lake, Saltwort, Seawater, Silicic acid, Silicon, Silver nitrate, Sodium adsorption ratio, Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium chloride, Soil salinity, Soil salinity control, State function, Stenohaline, Temperature, Thermohaline circulation, Titration, Water. Expand index (17 more) » « Shrink index
The abyssal zone or abyssopelagic zone is a layer of the pelagic zone of the ocean.
Artificial seawater (abbreviated ASW) is a mixture of dissolved mineral salts (and sometimes vitamins) that simulates seawater.
Barilla refers to several species of salt-tolerant (halophyte) plants that, until the 19th Century, were the primary source of soda ash and hence of sodium carbonate.
In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogencarbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.
A biopharmaceutical, also known as a biologic(al) medical product, biological, or biologic, is any pharmaceutical drug product manufactured in, extracted from, or semisynthesized from biological sources.
Brackish water is water that has more salinity than fresh water, but not as much as seawater.
Brine is a high-concentration solution of salt (usually sodium chloride) in water.
Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid (H2CO3), characterized by the presence of the carbonate ion, a polyatomic ion with the formula of.
A cenote is a natural pit, or sinkhole, resulting from the collapse of limestone bedrock that exposes groundwater underneath.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Conservative temperature (Θ) is a thermodynamic property of seawater.
A contour line (also isocline, isopleth, isarithm, or equipotential curve) of a function of two variables is a curve along which the function has a constant value, so that the curve joins points of equal value.
CORA (standing for Coriolis Ocean database ReAnalysis) is a global oceanographic temperature and salinity dataset produced and maintained by the French institute IFREMER.
The Dead Sea (יָם הַמֶּלַח lit. Sea of Salt; البحر الميت The first article al- is unnecessary and usually not used.) is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and Palestine to the west.
The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.
Desalination is a process that extracts mineral components from saline water.
Drinking water, also known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation.
Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is a fundamental property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current.
Euryhaline organisms are able to adapt to a wide range of salinities.
An extremophile (from Latin extremus meaning "extreme" and Greek philiā (φιλία) meaning "love") is an organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water except seawater and brackish water.
The common name glasswort came into use in the 16th century to describe plants growing in England whose ashes could be used for making soda-based (as opposed to potash-based) glass.
Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.
A halide is a binary phase, of which one part is a halogen atom and the other part is an element or radical that is less electronegative (or more electropositive) than the halogen, to make a fluoride, chloride, bromide, iodide, astatide, or theoretically tennesside compound.
Halophiles are organisms that thrive in high salt concentrations.
A halophyte is a plant that grows in waters of high salinity, coming into contact with saline water through its roots or by salt spray, such as in saline semi-deserts, mangrove swamps, marshes and sloughs and seashores.
Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an object to the resulting temperature change.
A hot spring is a spring produced by the emergence of geothermally heated groundwater that rises from the Earth's crust.
Hydrography is the branch of applied sciences which deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of oceans, seas, coastal areas, lakes and rivers, as well as with the prediction of their change over time, for the primary purpose of safety of navigation and in support of all other marine activities, including economic development, security and defence, scientific research, and environmental protection.
Limnology (from Greek λίμνη, limne, "lake" and λόγος, logos, "knowledge"), is the study of inland aquatic ecosystems.
Magnesium sulfate is an inorganic salt with the formula MgSO4(H2O)x where 0≤x≤7.
In chemistry, the mass fraction w_i is the ratio of one substance with mass m_i to the mass of the total mixture m_\text, defined as The symbol Y_i is also used to denote mass fraction.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Paleosalinity (or palaeosalinity) is the salinity of the global ocean or of an ocean basin at a point in geological history.
A per milleCambridge Dictionary Online.
In mathematics, a percentage is a number or ratio expressed as a fraction of 100.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Potassium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula KNO3.
The potential temperature of a parcel of fluid at pressure P is the temperature that the parcel would attain if adiabatically brought to a standard reference pressure P_, usually 1000 millibars.
Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed.
The residual sodium carbonate (RSC) index of irrigation water or soil water is used to indicate the alkalinity hazard for soil.
Saline water (more commonly known as salt water) is water that contains a high concentration of dissolved salts (mainly NaCl).
Salinity is the saltiness or amount of salt dissolved in a body of water (see also soil salinity).
A salinometer is a device designed to measure the salinity, or dissolved salt content, of a solution.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
A salt lake or saline lake is a landlocked body of water that has a concentration of salts (typically sodium chloride) and other dissolved minerals significantly higher than most lakes (often defined as at least three grams of salt per litre).
Saltwort is a common name for various genera of flowering plants that thrive in salty environments, typically in coastal salt marshes and seashores, including: The ashes of these plants yield soda ash, which is an important ingredient for glassmaking and soapmaking.
Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.
Silicic acid is the general name for a family of chemical compounds containing the element silicon attached to oxide and hydroxyl groups, with the general formula n or,equivalently, n. They are generally colorless and sparingly soluble in water.
Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.
Silver nitrate is an inorganic compound with chemical formula.
The Sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) is an irrigation water quality parameter used in the management of sodium-affected soils.
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Soil salinity is the salt content in the soil; the process of increasing the salt content is known as salinization.
Soil salinity control relates to controlling the problem of soil salinity and reclaiming salinized agricultural land.
In thermodynamics, a state function or function of state is a function defined for a system relating several state variables or state quantities that depends only on the current equilibrium state of the system, for example a gas, a liquid, a solid, crystal, or emulsion.
Stenohaline describes an organism, usually fish, that cannot tolerate a wide fluctuation in the salinity of water.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
Thermohaline circulation (THC) is a part of the large-scale ocean circulation that is driven by global density gradients created by surface heat and freshwater fluxes.
Titration, also known as titrimetry, is a common laboratory method of quantitative chemical analysis that is used to determine the concentration of an identified analyte.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
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