266 relations: Abimelech, Abimelech (Judges), Acid salt, Alberger process, Algae, Altar, Aluminium, American Revolution, Anatolia, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Anticaking agent, Autoregulation, Ayoreo, Azalai, Aztecs, Bacon, Balkans, Bamboo, Barter, Bible, Bilma, Bo Kluea District, Boiling point, Book of Genesis, Book of Job, Brine, Brining, Briquetage, British Raj, Bulgaria, Byzantine Empire, Calcium, Calcium aluminosilicate, Calcium carbonate, Calcium silicate, Canning, Cardiovascular disease, Carthage, Cedrus libani, Ceramic glaze, Chemical compound, Chemical formula, Chloride, Chlorine, Christopher Columbus, Civil disobedience, Clastogen, Committee on Toxicity, ..., Congenital iodine deficiency syndrome, Convenience food, Covenant of salt, Crystallinity, Cucuteni–Trypillia culture, Dairy salt, Deicing, Desiccant, Developed country, Doenjang, Drilling fluid, Duty (economics), Electrolysis, Electrolyte, Endemic goitre, Ethiopia, Evaporation, Exorcism, Fatty acid, Fish sauce, Flavor, Fleur de sel, Fluid balance, Fluoride, Fluorine, Flux (metallurgy), Fodder, Folate, Food, Food and Drug Administration, Food preservation, France, French Revolution, Funeral, Gabelle, Gallican Rite, Genoa, German language, Glucose, Glycerol, Gran Chaco people, Hagley Museum and Library, Halide, Halite, Hallein, Hallstatt, Hallstatt culture, Harae, Health, Health effects of salt, Herodotus, Herring, Himalayan salt, Hinduism, Historical Vedic religion, History of India, History of the British salt tax in India, Hittites, Holy water, Huixtocihuatl, Hygroscopy, Hypertension, Hypothyroidism, Indian independence movement, Intellectual disability, Iodine, Iodine deficiency, Iodised salt, Ion, Ionic compound, Iron(II) fumarate, Iron-deficiency anemia, Jainism, Jesus, Judaism, Jugyeom, Khewra Salt Mine, Kiddush, Kidney disease, Kiln, Kipper, Korean cuisine, Kosher salt, Latin, Leaf vegetable, Liverpool, Lot's wife, Magnesium, Magnesium carbonate, Magnesium oxide, Mahatma Gandhi, Mahayana, Melting point, Microgram, Mineral, Molar mass, Mordant, Mutagen, Nan Province, Napoleon, Neamț County, Neolithic, Neural tube defect, New moon, New Testament, Nomad, North Africa, Nutrient, Obsidian, Open-pan salt making, Osmosis, Ostia (Rome), Oyster sauce, Paul the Apostle, Phoenicia, Pickaxe, Pickling, Pickling salt, Plastic, Polyvinyl chloride, Pork, Potassium iodide, Potato, Potato chip, Pottery, Precipitation (chemistry), Pregnancy, Preservative, Pretzel, Prussiate, Pulp (paper), Refrigeration, Resin, Rice, Ritual purification, Roman legion, Roman Republic, Romania, Room and pillar mining, Sabbath, Sahara, Salar de Uyuni, Salary, Salinity, Salt (chemistry), Salt and light, Salt and pepper shakers, Salt evaporation pond, Salt in the Bible, Salt March, Salt mining, Salt well, Salt-cured meat, Saltine cracker, Salting (food), Salting the earth, Salzach, Salzburg, Saponification, Scipio Aemilianus, Sea salt, Seasoning, Seawater, Semitic people, Sermon on the Mount, Shabbat, Shanxi, Shechem, Shinto, Shovel, Silicon dioxide, Snack, Soap, Sodium, Sodium aluminosilicate, Sodium chloride, Sodium ferrocyanide, Sodium fluoride, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium in biology, Sodium iodate, Sodium iodide, Sodom and Gomorrah, Solnitsata, Soy sauce, Spring (hydrology), Stroke, Sulfate, Synthetic rubber, Tanakh, Tanning (leather), Taste, Textile, The New York Times, Third Punic War, Thyroid hormones, Tonne, Tooth decay, Trace element, Tricalcium phosphate, Tridentine Mass, Tuareg people, Tyrian purple, United States, United States Department of Agriculture, Vacuum, Vânători-Neamț, Venice, Via Salaria, Water fluoridation, Water of crystallization, Western pattern diet, Wicca, World Health Organization, Xiechi Lake, Yuncheng. Expand index (216 more) » « Shrink index
Abimelech (also spelled Abimelek or Avimelech) was the name of multiple Philistine kings mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.
Abimelech (אֲבִימֶלֶךְ ’Ǎḇîmeleḵ) was a son of judge Gideon.
Acid salt is a class of salts that produces an acidic solution after being dissolved in a solvent.
The Alberger process is a method of producing salt.
Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.
An altar is any structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices are made for religious purposes, and by extension the 'Holy table' of post-reformation Anglican churches.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
An anticaking agent is an additive placed in powdered or granulated materials, such as table salt or confectionaries to prevent the formation of lumps (caking) and for easing packaging, transport, and consumption.
Autoregulation is a process within many biological systems, resulting from an internal adaptive mechanism that works to adjust (or mitigate) that system's response to stimuli.
The Ayoreo (Ayoreode, Ayoréo, Ayoréode) are an indigenous people of the Gran Chaco.
The Azalai (Tamasheq, var. Azalay) is a semi-annual salt caravan route practiced by Tuareg traders in the Sahara desert between Timbuktu and the Taoudenni salt mine in Mali, or the act of traveling with a caravan along that route.
The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521.
Bacon is a type of salt-cured pork.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
In trade, barter is a system of exchange where participants in a transaction directly exchange goods or services for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange, such as money.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
Bilma is an oasis town and commune in north east Niger with a population of 4,016 people.
Bo Kluea (บ่อเกลือ) is a district (Amphoe) in the eastern part of Nan Province, northern Thailand.
The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the pressure surrounding the liquid and the liquid changes into a vapor.
The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek "", meaning "Origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, "Bərēšīṯ", "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testament.
The Book of Job (Hebrew: אִיוֹב Iyov) is a book in the Ketuvim ("Writings") section of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh), and the first poetic book in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.
Brine is a high-concentration solution of salt (usually sodium chloride) in water.
In food processing, brining is treating food with brine or coarse salt which preserves and seasons the food while enhancing tenderness and flavor with additions such as herbs, spices, sugar, caramel and/or vinegar.
Briquetage is a coarse ceramic material used to make evaporation vessels and supporting pillars used in extracting salt from brine or seawater.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
Calcium aluminosilicate, an aluminosilicate compound with calcium cations, most typically has formula CaAl2Si2O8.
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
Calcium silicate is the chemical compound Ca2SiO4, also known as calcium orthosilicate and is sometimes formulated as 2CaO·SiO2.
Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food contents are processed and sealed in an airtight container.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.
Cedrus libani, commonly known as the Cedar of Lebanon or Lebanon cedar, is a species of cedar native to the mountains of the Eastern Mediterranean basin.
Ceramic glaze is an impervious layer or coating of a vitreous substance which has been fused to a ceramic body through firing.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer.
Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal of a citizen to obey certain laws, demands, orders or commands of a government or occupying international power.
A clastogen is a mutagenic agent giving rise to or inducing disruption or breakages of chromosomes, leading to sections of the chromosome being deleted, added, or rearranged.
The Committee on Toxicity of Chemicals in Food, Consumer Products and the Environment (COT) is a UK independent scientific committee that provides advice to the Food Standards Agency, the Department of Health and other Government Departments and Agencies on matters concerning the toxicity of chemicals.
Congenital iodine deficiency syndrome, previously known as Cretinism, is a condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth owing to untreated congenital deficiency of thyroid hormone (congenital hypothyroidism) usually owing to maternal hypothyroidism.
Convenience food, or tertiary processed food, is food that is commercially prepared (often through processing) to optimise ease of consumption.
Covenant of salt is a description of God's covenant used on three occasions in the Hebrew bible: The commandments regarding grain offerings in the Book of Leviticus state "every offering of your grain offering you shall season with salt; you shall not allow the salt of the covenant of your God to be lacking from your grain offering.
Crystallinity refers to the degree of structural order in a solid.
The Cucuteni–Trypillia culture (and), also known as the Tripolye culture, is a Neolithic–Eneolithic archaeological culture (5200 to 3500 BC) in Eastern Europe.
Dairy salt is a salt product used in the preparation of butter and cheese products that serves to add flavor and act as a food preservative.
De-icing is the process of removing snow, ice or frost from a surface.
A desiccant is a hygroscopic substance that induces or sustains a state of dryness (desiccation) in its vicinity; it is the opposite of a humectant.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
Doenjang ("thick sauce") or soybean paste is a type of fermented bean paste made entirely of soybean and brine.
In geotechnical engineering, drilling fluid is used to aid the drilling of boreholes into the earth.
In economics, a duty is a kind of tax levied by a state.
In chemistry and manufacturing, electrolysis is a technique that uses a direct electric current (DC) to drive an otherwise non-spontaneous chemical reaction.
An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
Endemic goiter is a type of goitre that is associated with dietary iodine deficiency.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.
Exorcism (from Greek εξορκισμός, exorkismós "binding by oath") is the religious or spiritual practice of evicting demons or other spiritual entities from a person, or an area, that are believed to be possessed.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Fish sauce is a condiment made from fish coated in salt and fermented from weeks to up to two years.
Flavor (American English) or flavour (British English; see spelling differences) is the sensory impression of food or other substance, and is determined primarily by the chemical senses of taste and smell.
Fleur de sel ("flower of salt" in French) or flor de sal (also "" in Portuguese, Spanish and Catalan) is a salt that forms as a thin, delicate crust on the surface of seawater as it evaporates.
Fluid balance is an aspect of the homeostasis of organisms in which the amount of water in the organism needs to be controlled, via osmoregulation and behavior, such that the concentrations of electrolytes (salts in solution) in the various body fluids are kept within healthy ranges.
Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.
In metallurgy, a flux (derived from Latin fluxus meaning “flow”) is a chemical cleaning agent, flowing agent, or purifying agent.
Fodder, a type of animal feed, is any agricultural foodstuff used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, such as cattle, rabbits, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs.
Folate, distinct forms of which are known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B9, is one of the B vitamins.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Food preservation prevents the growth of microorganisms (such as yeasts), or other microorganisms (although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria or fungi to the food), as well as slowing the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
A funeral is a ceremony connected with the burial, cremation, or interment of a corpse, or the burial (or equivalent) with the attendant observances.
The gabelle was a very unpopular tax on salt in France that was established during the mid-14th century and lasted, with brief lapses and revisions, until 1946.
The Gallican Rite is a historical version of Christian liturgy and other ritual practices in Western Christianity.
Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
The indigenous Gran Chaco people consist of approximately thirty-five tribal groups in the Gran Chaco of South America.
The Hagley Museum and Library is a nonprofit educational institution in Wilmington, Delaware.
A halide is a binary phase, of which one part is a halogen atom and the other part is an element or radical that is less electronegative (or more electropositive) than the halogen, to make a fluoride, chloride, bromide, iodide, astatide, or theoretically tennesside compound.
Halite, commonly known as rock salt, is a type of salt, the mineral (natural) form of sodium chloride (NaCl).
Hallein is a historic town in the Austrian state of Salzburg.
Hallstatt is a small village in the district of Gmunden, in the Austrian state of Upper Austria.
The Hallstatt culture was the predominant Western and Central European culture of Early Iron Age Europe from the 8th to 6th centuries BC, developing out of the Urnfield culture of the 12th century BC (Late Bronze Age) and followed in much of its area by the La Tène culture.
Harae or harai (祓 or 祓い) is the general term for rituals of purification in Shinto.
Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.
The health effects of salt are the conditions associated with the consumption of either too much or too little salt.
Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.
Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.
Himalayan salt is rock salt or halite from the Punjab region of Pakistan, near the Himalayas, but falsely marketed as being from the Himalayas.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The historical Vedic religion (also known as Vedism, Brahmanism, Vedic Brahmanism, and ancient Hinduism) was the religion of the Indo-Aryans of northern India during the Vedic period.
The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism;Sanderson, Alexis (2009), "The Śaiva Age: The Rise and Dominance of Śaivism during the Early Medieval Period." In: Genesis and Development of Tantrism, edited by Shingo Einoo, Tokyo: Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 2009.
Taxation of salt has occurred in India since the earliest times.
The Hittites were an Ancient Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC.
Holy water is water that has been blessed by a member of the clergy or a religious figure.
In Aztec mythology, Huixtocihuatl (or Uixtochihuatl, Uixtociuatl) was a fertility goddess who presided over salt and salt water.
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability, and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.
Iodine deficiency is a lack of the trace element iodine, an essential nutrient in the diet.
Iodised salt (also spelled iodized salt) is table salt mixed with a minute amount of various salts of the element iodine.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound composed of ions held together by electrostatic forces termed ionic bonding.
Iron(II) fumarate, also known as ferrous fumarate, is the iron(II) salt of fumaric acid, occurring as a reddish-orange powder, used to supplement iron intake.
Iron-deficiency anemia is anemia caused by a lack of iron.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Jukyeom (Korean: 죽염, Hanja: 竹鹽) is a Korean folk remedy consisting of salt roasted in bamboo.
The Khewra Salt Mine (or Mayo Salt Mine) is located in Khewra, north of Pind Dadan Khan, an administrative subdivision of Jhelum District, Punjab Region, Pakistan, which rises from the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
Kiddush (קידוש), literally, "sanctification," is a blessing recited over wine or grape juice to sanctify the Shabbat and Jewish holidays.
Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, is damage to or disease of a kidney.
A kiln (or, originally pronounced "kill", with the "n" silent) is a thermally insulated chamber, a type of oven, that produces temperatures sufficient to complete some process, such as hardening, drying, or chemical changes.
A kipper is a whole herring, a small, oily fish, that has been split in a butterfly fashion from tail to head along the dorsal ridge, gutted, salted or pickled, and cold-smoked over smouldering woodchips (typically oak).
Korean cuisine has evolved through centuries of social and political change.
Kosher salt, koshering salt, or kitchen salt is edible salt with a larger grain size than typical table salt and without common additives such as iodine.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Leaf vegetables, also called leafy greens, salad greens, pot herbs, vegetable greens, or simply greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
In the Bible, Lot's wife is a figure first mentioned in.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Magnesium carbonate, MgCO3 (archaic name magnesia alba), is an inorganic salt that is a white solid.
Magnesium oxide (MgO), or magnesia, is a white hygroscopic solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase and is a source of magnesium (see also oxide).
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Mahāyāna (Sanskrit for "Great Vehicle") is one of two (or three, if Vajrayana is counted separately) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice.
The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.
In the metric system, a microgram or microgramme (μg; the recommended symbol in the United States when communicating medical information is mcg) is a unit of mass equal to one millionth of a gram.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
In chemistry, the molar mass M is a physical property defined as the mass of a given substance (chemical element or chemical compound) divided by the amount of substance.
A mordant or dye fixative is a substance used to set (i.e. bind) dyes on fabrics by forming a coordination complex with the dye, which then attaches to the fabric (or tissue).
In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level.
Nan (น่าน) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Neamț is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historic region of Moldavia, with the county seat at Piatra Neamț.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are a group of birth defects in which an opening in the spinal cord or brain remains from early in human development.
In astronomy, the new moon is the first lunar phase, when the Moon and Sun have the same ecliptic longitude.
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
A nomad (νομάς, nomas, plural tribe) is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another in search of grasslands for their animals.
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Obsidian is a naturally occurring volcanic glass formed as an extrusive igneous rock.
Open-pan salt making is a method of salt production wherein salt is extracted from the brine using vacuum pans.
Osmosis is the spontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a selectively permeable membrane into a region of higher solute concentration, in the direction that tends to equalize the solute concentrations on the two sides.
Ostia is a large neighbourhood in the X Municipio of the commune of Rome, Italy, near the ancient port of Rome, named Ostia, which is now a major archaeological site known as Ostia Antica.
Oyster sauce describes a number of sauces made by cooking oysters.
Paul the Apostle (Paulus; translit, ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲟⲥ; c. 5 – c. 64 or 67), commonly known as Saint Paul and also known by his Jewish name Saul of Tarsus (translit; Saũlos Tarseús), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of the Christ to the first century world.
Phoenicia (or; from the Φοινίκη, meaning "purple country") was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.
A pickaxe, pick-axe, or pick is a hand tool with a hard head attached perpendicular to the handle.
Pickling is the process of preserving or expanding the lifespan of food by either anaerobic fermentation in brine or immersion in vinegar.
Pickling salt is a salt that is used mainly for canning and manufacturing pickles.
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
Polyvinyl chloride, also known as polyvinyl or '''vinyl''', commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
Pork is the culinary name for meat from a domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus).
Potassium iodide is a chemical compound, medication, and dietary supplement.
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum.
Potato chips or crisps are thin slices of potato that have been deep fried or baked until crunchy.
Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.
Precipitation is the creation of a solid from a solution.
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
A Pretzel (Breze(l)) is a type of baked bread product made from dough most commonly shaped into a twisted knot.
Pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood, fiber crops, waste paper, or rags.
Refrigeration is a process of removing heat from a low-temperature reservoir and transferring it to a high-temperature reservoir.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Ritual purification is the purification ritual prescribed by a religion by which a person about to perform some ritual is considered to be free of uncleanliness, especially prior to the worship of a deity, and ritual purity is a state of ritual cleanliness.
A Roman legion (from Latin legio "military levy, conscription", from legere "to choose") was a large unit of the Roman army.
The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Room and pillar (variant of breast stoping), also called pillar and stall, is a mining system in which the mined material is extracted across a horizontal plane, creating horizontal arrays of rooms and pillars.
Sabbath is a day set aside for rest and worship.
The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic.
Salar de Uyuni (or Salar de Tunupa) is the world's largest salt flat at 10 582 square kilometers (4 086 sq mi).
A salary is a form of payment from an employer to an employee, which may be specified in an employment contract.
Salinity is the saltiness or amount of salt dissolved in a body of water (see also soil salinity).
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Salt and light are images used by Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount, one of the main teachings of Jesus on morality and discipleship.
Salt and pepper shakers (or in the UK, salt and pepper pots) are condiment dispensers used in Western culture that are designed to allow diners to distribute grains of edible salt and ground peppercorns.
San Francisco Bay salt ponds salar'' is rich in lithium, and the mine concentrates the brine in the ponds Contemporary solar evaporation salt pans on the island of Lanzarote at Salinas de Janubio Solar evaporation ponds in the Atacama Desert Solar evaporation ponds in the Salt Valley of Añana, Spain Solar evaporation ponds in the Salt Valley of Añana, Spain A salt evaporation pond is a shallow artificial salt pan designed to extract salts from sea water or other brines.
The role of salt in the Bible is relevant to understanding Hebrew society during the Old Testament and New Testament periods.
The Salt March, also known as the Dandi March and the Dandi Satyagraha, was an act of nonviolent civil disobedience in colonial India led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi to produce salt from the seawater in the coastal village of Dandi (now in Gujarat), as was the practice of the local populace until British officials introduced taxation on salt production, deemed their sea-salt reclamation activities illegal, and then repeatedly used force to stop it.
A salt mine is a mine from which halite, commonly known as rock salt, is extracted from evaporite formations.
A salt well (or brine well) is used to mine salt from subterranean caverns or deposits.
Salt-cured meat or salted meat is meat or fish preserved or cured with salt.
A saltine or soda cracker is a thin, usually square cracker made from white flour, yeast, and baking soda, with most varieties lightly sprinkled with coarse salt.
Salting is the preservation of food with dry edible salt.
Salting the earth, or sowing with salt, is the ritual of spreading salt on conquered cities to symbolize a curse on their re-inhabitation.
The Salzach is a river in Austria and Germany.
Salzburg, literally "salt fortress", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Salzburg state.
Saponification is a process that produces soap.
Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Numantinus (185–129 BC), also known as Scipio Aemilianus or Scipio Africanus Minor (Scipio Africanus the Younger), was a politician of the Roman Republic who served as consul twice, in 147 BC and 134 BC.
Sea salt is a less refined salt that is produced by the evaporation of seawater.
Seasoning is the process of adding salt, herbs, or spices to food to enhance the flavour.
Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.
Semites, Semitic people or Semitic cultures (from the biblical "Shem", שם) was a term for an ethnic, cultural or racial group who speak or spoke the Semitic languages.
The Sermon on the Mount (anglicized from the Matthean Vulgate Latin section title: Sermo in monte) is a collection of sayings and teachings of Jesus, which emphasizes his moral teaching found in the Gospel of Matthew (chapters 5, 6, and 7).
Shabbat (שַׁבָּת, "rest" or "cessation") or Shabbos (Ashkenazi Hebrew and שבת), or the Sabbath is Judaism's day of rest and seventh day of the week, on which religious Jews, Samaritans and certain Christians (such as Seventh-day Adventists, the 7th Day movement and Seventh Day Baptists) remember the Biblical creation of the heavens and the earth in six days and the Exodus of the Hebrews, and look forward to a future Messianic Age.
Shanxi (postal: Shansi) is a province of China, located in the North China region.
Shechem, also spelled Sichem (שְׁכָם / Standard Šəḵem Tiberian Šeḵem, "shoulder"), was a Canaanite city mentioned in the Amarna letters, and is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as an Israelite city of the tribe of Manasseh and the first capital of the Kingdom of Israel.
or kami-no-michi (among other names) is the traditional religion of Japan that focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.
A shovel is a tool for digging, lifting, and moving bulk materials, such as soil, coal, gravel, snow, sand, or ore.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
A snack is a portion of food, smaller than a regular meal, generally eaten between meals.
Soap is the term for a salt of a fatty acid or for a variety of cleansing and lubricating products produced from such a substance.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium aluminosilicate refers to compounds which contain sodium, aluminium, silicon and oxygen, and which may also contain water.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Sodium ferrocyanide is the sodium salt of the coordination compound of formula 4−.
Sodium fluoride (NaF) is an inorganic compound with the formula NaF.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Sodium ions are necessary in small amounts for some types of plants, but sodium as a nutrient is more generally needed in larger amounts by animals, due to their use of it for generation of nerve impulses and for maintenance of electrolyte balance and fluid balance.
Sodium iodate (NaIO3) is the sodium salt of iodic acid.
Sodium iodide (chemical formula NaI) is an ionic compound formed from the chemical reaction of sodium metal and iodine.
Sodom and Gomorrah were cities mentioned in the Book of Genesis and throughout the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament, and in the deuterocanonical books, as well as in the Quran and the hadith.
Solnitsata (Солницата, "The Saltworks") was an ancient town located in present-day Bulgaria, near the modern city of Provadia.
Soy sauce (also called soya sauce in British English) is a liquid condiment of Chinese origin, made from a fermented paste of soybeans, roasted grain, brine, and Aspergillus oryzae or Aspergillus sojae molds.
A spring is any natural situation where water flows from an aquifer to the Earth's surface.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
The sulfate or sulphate (see spelling differences) ion is a polyatomic anion with the empirical formula.
A synthetic rubber is any artificial elastomer.
The Tanakh (or; also Tenakh, Tenak, Tanach), also called the Mikra or Hebrew Bible, is the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is also a textual source for the Christian Old Testament.
Tanned leather in Marrakesh Tanning is the process of treating skins and hides of animals to produce leather.
Taste, gustatory perception, or gustation is one of the five traditional senses that belongs to the gustatory system.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Third Punic War (Latin: Tertium Bellum Punicum) (149–146 BC) was the third and last of the Punic Wars fought between the former Phoenician colony of Carthage and the Roman Republic.
Thyroid hormones are two hormones produced and released by the thyroid gland, namely triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria.
A trace element is a chemical element whose concentration (or other measure of amount) is very low (a "trace amount").
Tricalcium phosphate (sometimes abbreviated TCP) is a calcium salt of phosphoric acid with the chemical formula Ca3(PO4)2.
The Tridentine Mass, the 1962 version of which has been officially declared the (authorized) extraordinary form of the Roman Rite of Mass (Extraordinary Form for short), is the Roman Rite Mass which appears in typical editions of the Roman Missal published from 1570 to 1962.
The Tuareg people (also spelt Twareg or Touareg; endonym: Kel Tamasheq, Kel Tagelmust) are a large Berber ethnic confederation.
Tyrian purple (Greek, πορφύρα, porphyra, purpura), also known as Tyrian red, Phoenician purple, royal purple, imperial purple or imperial dye, is a reddish-purple natural dye.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
Vacuum is space devoid of matter.
Vânători-Neamț is a commune in Neamț County, Romania.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
The Via Salaria was an ancient Roman road in Italy.
Water fluoridation is the controlled addition of fluoride to a public water supply to reduce tooth decay.
In chemistry, water of crystallization or water of hydration or crystallization water is water molecules that are present inside crystals.
The Western pattern diet or Standard American Diet (SAD) is a modern dietary pattern that is generally characterized by high intakes of red and processed meat, butter, fried foods, high-fat dairy products, eggs, refined grains, potatoes, and high-sugar drinks.
Wicca, also termed Pagan Witchcraft, is a contemporary Pagan new religious movement.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
Xiechi Lake is the largest natural lake in Shanxi in Northern China.
Yuncheng is the southernmost prefecture-level city in Shanxi province, People's Republic of China.
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