128 relations: Acetate, Acetic acid, Acid, Acid anhydride, Acid salt, Alkali salt, Alkyl, Almond, Amino acid, Ammonia, Ammonium, Ammonium carbonate, Ammonium chloride, Ammonium hexachloroplatinate, Aryl, Barium sulfate, Base (chemistry), Base anhydride, Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, Bresle method, Calcium, Calcium chloride, Calcium sulfate, Carbonate, Carbonic acid, Chemical reaction, Chemistry, Chloride, Chlorine, Chromate and dichromate, Citric acid, Cobalt(II) nitrate, Color, Conjugate acid, Copper, Copper(II) sulfate, Crystal, Crystallite, Cyanide, Dichlorine monoxide, Dye, Electric charge, Electrolyte, Fluoride, Halide, Hydrochloric acid, Hydrofluoric acid, Hydrogen, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrolysis, ..., Hydroxide, Hypertension, Inorganic compound, Insulator (electricity), Ion, Ionic bonding, Ionic compound, Ionic liquid, Iron, Kosher salt, Lattice energy, Lead poisoning, Lead(II) acetate, Lead(II) sulfate, Magnesium, Magnesium sulfate, Mark Kurlansky, Metabolite, Metal, Mineral, Molecule, Molten salt, Monatomic ion, Monosodium glutamate, Natron, Neutralization (chemistry), Nickel(II) chloride, Nitrate, Nitric acid, Nitrite, Nitrous acid, Odor, Old Salt Route, Opacity (optics), Organic chemistry, Oxide, Peptide, Permanganate, Phosphate, Phosphoric acid, Pigment, Polyatomic ion, Potassium, Potassium bitartrate, Potassium carbonate, Potassium cobaltinitrite, Potassium dichromate, Potassium permanganate, Protein, Pyridinium, Quaternary ammonium cation, Reversible reaction, Salinity, Salt, Salt (chemistry), Salting the earth, Sea salt, Single crystal, Sodium, Sodium acetate, Sodium carbonate, Sodium chloride, Sodium chromate, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium hypochlorite, Sodium nitrate, Sodium oxide, Solubility, Solubility equilibrium, Sulfate, Sulfuric acid, Taste, Transparency and translucency, Umami, Vinegar, Volatility (chemistry), Water, Zwitterion. Expand index (78 more) » « Shrink index
An acetate is a salt formed by the combination of acetic acid with an alkaline, earthy, metallic or nonmetallic and other base.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
An acid anhydride is formed when two acid structures combine with loss of a water molecule.
Acid salt is a class of salts that produces an acidic solution after being dissolved in a solvent.
Alkali salts or basic salts are salts that are the product of the neutralization of a strong base and a weak acid.
In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen.
The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Mediterranean climate regions of the Middle East, from Syria and Turkey to India and Pakistan, although it has been introduced elsewhere.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
The ammonium cation is a positively charged polyatomic ion with the chemical formula.
Ammonium carbonate is a salt with the chemical formula (NH4)2CO3.
Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water.
Ammonium hexachloroplatinate, also known as ammonium chloroplatinate, is the inorganic compound with the formula (NH4)2.
In the context of organic molecules, aryl is any functional group or substituent derived from an aromatic ring, usually an aromatic hydrocarbon, such as phenyl and naphthyl.
Barium sulfate (or sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula BaSO4.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
A base anhydride is an oxide of a chemical element from group 1 or 2 (the alkali metals and alkaline earth metals, respectively).
The Brønsted–Lowry theory is an acid–base reaction theory which was proposed independently by Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted and Thomas Martin Lowry in 1923.
The Bresle method is used to determine concentration of soluble salts on metal surfaces prior to coating application, such as painting.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
Calcium chloride is an inorganic compound, a salt with the chemical formula CaCl2.
Calcium sulfate (or calcium sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the formula CaSO4 and related hydrates.
In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid (H2CO3), characterized by the presence of the carbonate ion, a polyatomic ion with the formula of.
Carbonic acid is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2CO3 (equivalently OC(OH)2).
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Chromate salts contain the chromate anion,.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
Cobalt Nitrate is the Inorganic compound with the formula CoNO32.
Color (American English) or colour (Commonwealth English) is the characteristic of human visual perception described through color categories, with names such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple.
A conjugate acid, within the Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, is a species formed by the reception of a proton (H+) by a base—in other words, it is a base with a hydrogen ion added to it.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Copper(II) sulfate, also known as cupric sulfate, or copper sulphate, is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula CuSO4(H2O)x, where x can range from 0 to 5.
A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
A crystallite is a small or even microscopic crystal which forms, for example, during the cooling of many materials.
A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.
Dichlorine monoxide, is an inorganic compound with the molecular formula Cl2O.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.
An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
A halide is a binary phase, of which one part is a halogen atom and the other part is an element or radical that is less electronegative (or more electropositive) than the halogen, to make a fluoride, chloride, bromide, iodide, astatide, or theoretically tennesside compound.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Hydrofluoric acid is a solution of hydrogen fluoride (HF) in water.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN), sometimes called prussic acid, is a chemical compound with the chemical formula HCN.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
Hydroxide is a diatomic anion with chemical formula OH−.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.
An electrical insulator is a material whose internal electric charges do not flow freely; very little electric current will flow through it under the influence of an electric field.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Ionic bonding is a type of chemical bonding that involves the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, and is the primary interaction occurring in ionic compounds.
In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound composed of ions held together by electrostatic forces termed ionic bonding.
An ionic liquid (IL) is a salt in the liquid state.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Kosher salt, koshering salt, or kitchen salt is edible salt with a larger grain size than typical table salt and without common additives such as iodine.
The lattice energy of a crystalline solid is often defined as the energy of formation of a crystal from infinitely-separated ions and as such is invariably negative.
Lead poisoning is a type of metal poisoning caused by lead in the body.
Lead(II) acetate (Pb(CH3COO)2), also known as lead acetate, lead diacetate, plumbous acetate, sugar of lead, lead sugar, salt of Saturn, or Goulard's powder, is a white crystalline chemical compound with a sweetish taste.
Lead(II) sulfate (PbSO4) is a white solid, which appears white in microcrystalline form.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Magnesium sulfate is an inorganic salt with the formula MgSO4(H2O)x where 0≤x≤7.
Mark Kurlansky (December 7, 1948) is an American journalist and writer of general interest non-fiction.
A metabolite is the intermediate end product of metabolism.
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Molten salt is salt which is solid at standard temperature and pressure (STP) but enters the liquid phase due to elevated temperature.
A monatomic ion is an ion consisting of exactly one atom.
Monosodium glutamate (MSG, also known as sodium glutamate) is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, one of the most abundant naturally occurring non-essential amino acids.
Natron is a naturally occurring mixture of sodium carbonate decahydrate (Na2CO3·10H2O, a kind of soda ash) and around 17% sodium bicarbonate (also called baking soda, NaHCO3) along with small quantities of sodium chloride and sodium sulfate.
In chemistry, neutralization or neutralisation (see spelling differences), is a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react quantitatively with each other.
Nickel(II) chloride (or just nickel chloride), is the chemical compound NiCl2.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
The nitrite ion, which has the chemical formula, is a symmetric anion with equal N–O bond lengths.
Nitrous acid (molecular formula HNO2) is a weak and monobasic acid known only in solution and in the form of nitrite salts.
An odor, odour or fragrance is always caused by one or more volatilized chemical compounds.
The Old Salt Route was a medieval trade route in northern Germany, one of the ancient network of salt roads which were used primarily for the transport of salt and other staples.
Opacity is the measure of impenetrability to electromagnetic or other kinds of radiation, especially visible light.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
An oxide is a chemical compound that contains at least one oxygen atom and one other element in its chemical formula.
Peptides (from Gr.: πεπτός, peptós "digested"; derived from πέσσειν, péssein "to digest") are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.
A permanganate is the general name for a chemical compound containing the manganate(VII) ion,.
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
Phosphoric acid (also known as orthophosphoric acid or phosphoric(V) acid) is a mineral (inorganic) and weak acid having the chemical formula H3PO4.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
A polyatomic ion, also known as a molecular ion, is a charged chemical species (ion) composed of two or more atoms covalently bonded or of a metal complex that can be considered to be acting as a single unit.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
Potassium bitartrate, also known as potassium hydrogen tartrate, with formula K C4 H5 O6, is a byproduct of winemaking.
Potassium carbonate (K2CO3) is a white salt, which is soluble in water (insoluble in ethanol) and forms a strongly alkaline solution.
Potassium cobaltinitrite, IUPAC name potassium hexanitritocobaltate(III), is a salt with the formula K3.
Potassium dichromate, K2Cr2O7, is a common inorganic chemical reagent, most commonly used as an oxidizing agent in various laboratory and industrial applications. As with all hexavalent chromium compounds, it is acutely and chronically harmful to health. It is a crystalline ionic solid with a very bright, red-orange color. The salt is popular in the laboratory because it is not deliquescent, in contrast to the more industrially relevant salt sodium dichromate.Gerd Anger, Jost Halstenberg, Klaus Hochgeschwender, Christoph Scherhag, Ulrich Korallus, Herbert Knopf, Peter Schmidt, Manfred Ohlinger, "Chromium Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2005.
Potassium permanganate is an inorganic chemical compound and medication.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Pyridinium refers to the cation +. It is the conjugate acid of pyridine.
Quaternary ammonium cations, also known as quats, are positively charged polyatomic ions of the structure, R being an alkyl group or an aryl group.
A reversible reaction is a reaction where the reactants form products, which react together to give the reactants back.
Salinity is the saltiness or amount of salt dissolved in a body of water (see also soil salinity).
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Salting the earth, or sowing with salt, is the ritual of spreading salt on conquered cities to symbolize a curse on their re-inhabitation.
Sea salt is a less refined salt that is produced by the evaporation of seawater.
A single crystal or monocrystalline solid is a material in which the crystal lattice of the entire sample is continuous and unbroken to the edges of the sample, with no grain boundaries.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium acetate, CH3COONa, also abbreviated NaOAc, is the sodium salt of acetic acid.
Sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals, and in the monohydrate form as crystal carbonate) is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Sodium chromate is the inorganic compound with the formula Na2CrO4.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NaNO3.
Sodium oxide is a chemical compound with the formula Na2O.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
Solubility equilibrium is a type of dynamic equilibrium that exists when a chemical compound in the solid state is in chemical equilibrium with a solution of that compound.
The sulfate or sulphate (see spelling differences) ion is a polyatomic anion with the empirical formula.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Taste, gustatory perception, or gustation is one of the five traditional senses that belongs to the gustatory system.
In the field of optics, transparency (also called pellucidity or diaphaneity) is the physical property of allowing light to pass through the material without being scattered.
Umami, or savory taste, is one of the five basic tastes (together with sweetness, sourness, bitterness, and saltiness).
Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), water (H2O), and trace chemicals that may include flavorings.
In chemistry and physics, volatility is quantified by the tendency of a substance to vaporize.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
In chemistry, a zwitterion, formerly called a dipolar ion, is a molecule with two or more functional groups, of which at least one has a positive and one has a negative electrical charge and the net charge of the entire molecule is zero.
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